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Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – May 2014

Welcome to May 2014 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

This month many of our regular blogs that we visit seem to have turned on to film reviews. Well, that provides us a good opportunity to test wider oceans.

Husnlal-Bhagatram – The ‘First’ Composer Duo – pens the narrative of the origin and rise of Husnlal – Bhagatram…. The duo is fond of fast pace, actualized mainly through dholak and employment of atonal drums such as matka or idiophones such as ghunghroo, etc.” …Another aspect of their composing style .. is that “they make a musical statement which consists of successive song-lines with a descending and repetitive tonal contours”, which “appears to resolve the melody into completeness and it seems easier to remember” and “very few notes are used in those lines”. …..

One style feature that makes many of Husnlal-Bhagatram’s fast-paced songs catchy and instantly likeable is their tendency to punctuate the melody lines with very short and catchy orchestral phrases as a trigger for repetition of words or line, or by inserting short pauses at the end of a mukhda or antara before the rhythm moves forward. There are many examples to illustrate this point but… here are two songs that .. can be easily identified as Husnlal-Bhagatram creations.

The first example is Suraiya’s popular ‘tere nainon ne chori kiya’ from ‘Pyar Ki Jeet (1948). The pause after ‘tere nainon ne’ is filled with a brief flute piece that becomes such an integral part of the tune that if you try humming the tune, that flute piece would instantly play in your mind. …………The other example is Lata’s ‘tum dil ko tod doge’ from ‘Farmaaish’ (1953). The prelude itself is enough for one to identify it as their creation, but look at the rest of the composition. The first line is broken right at the middle and filled with a music piece, then at the end of the line comes another music piece before the line is repeated in exactly the same manner. In the antaras, a similar approach is followed, although the musical punctuation is used at the end of each line and a lovely pause is introduced at the end of the cross-line.”

We have A lovely Mohammed Rafi – Suraiya duet from Sanam (1951), composed by Husnlal Bhagatram, Mohammed Rafi singing for Dev Anand and Suraiya singing for herself.

KHURSHEED BANO … Barso re .. Tansen.. A Forgotten songKursheed and Suraiya were the two singing actresses of Mumbai Film-world who have shared the honours with the renowned singer K.L. Saigal. This talented and famous actress/singer of the thirties and the forty’s, Khurshid Bano rested in peace on 18th April 2001 in Karachi, at the age of 87 years and thus an era of talent in terms of acting/singing in the film industry finally came to an end.

In Melody Makers of Yesteryears (Unforgettable melodies) – part 1, usha manohartakes up “Chitragupt, Sardar Mallik and Narayan Dutta who were not often approached by any of the top movie makers like Bimal Roy, Nasir Hussain, Guru Dutt , Raj Kapoor or Mehboob Khan, but nonetheless they did make an impact, and once in a while did get a chance to work with some top film makers. Whenever they composed music for any film, they came out with some of the most melodious and meaningful compositions .

In Part 2she takes up Dattaram, G S Kohli and Sapan Jagamohan.

In Part 3, Ajit Merchant, Iqbal Quereshi and Bipin Babul have been covered in details.

Fascinating True Story Of A Lata Mangeshkar Song Born in A Los Angeles Music Shop narrates a very interesting story of a song which later in the same year (1958) Salil Chwdury composed – a classical Bengali song in Raag Khamaj (Carnatic-Hari Kambhoji) using the lovely Sur Bahar Sitar, David Bernard (of that LA music shop) gifted him in Los Angeles.. Sitar is the only musical instrument that is predominantly heard in the orchestration of this entire private song.. Perhaps this is also the only song in the Indian music history today wherein only Sitar is heard throughout a song..This Bengali song, is “..Naa jeo naa rajani ekhono baki..aaro kichhu dite baki.. bole raatjaaga pakhi..” was sung by the legendary Lata Mangeshkar..and its Hindi version “O Sajana barkhaa bahaar aayee..Ras ki phuhaar laayi.. Akhiyon mein pyar laayi..” (Parakh-1959).

Funny Hindi Songs – 20 Best Old Hindi Comedy Songs – “The other day I was watching the weekend show on Times Now which featured some of the best old Hindi comedy songs of yesteryear. Thus was the birth of this hub. They showed around 9 -11 songs as for the time constraint which every program on TV has. Here on the net, we don’t have any such time constraint, so I went ahead to compile a list of best 20 funny Hindi songs…..All these songs are excellently written and in one form or the other will give you a happy feeling. If the lyrics don’t evoke the laughing gases in you then do watch the video and shake a leg with it.”

We take a pause here in our charting of new waters.

Sickle Songs? Has listed three songs:

Aai Sawan Rut Ai – Mela (9148) – Mukesh, Shamshad Begum – Naushad

Naache Re Dharati Ke PyaareHeera Moti (1959) – Lata Mangeshkar, Hemant Kumar – Salil Chudhary [This is the only song composed by Salil Chaudhary, all others were composed by Roshan)

Aaj Meri Man Men Sakhi – Aan (1952) – Lata Mangeshkar and Chorus – Naushad

Does anyone have any more of the songs to add on to this subject?

Multiple Version Songs (16): Rabindra Sangeet and Pankaj Mullickis a very tribute to Gurudev Rabindranath Thakur (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941) and Pankaj Mullick (10 May 1905 – 19 February 1978) by guest author N Venkataraman.

SoY has also released one more of Multiple Version Songs post — Multiple Versions Songs (17): Haunting Melodies in Different Moods And Settings — guest written by yours truly.

We have a very interesting two part article by Shrikant Guatam, in his regular weekly (Gujarati) column “RangRaag” in ‘Madhuvan’   supplement of Janmabhoomi Pravasi. The article has listed Exceptional Partnerships – that of a music director and a lyricist – in the world of Hindi Film Music and have provided songs such partnerships have germinated. Since recording each of the song in the article here would entail copying the whole article, I have listed here the Partnership and the film(s) in which they have collaborated:

Hemant Kumar Sahir Ludhianvi Girl Friend 1960
Majrooh Sultanpuri Ek Hi Rasta 1956
Gulzar Khamoshi 1969
S D Burman Gulzar Bandini 1963
[just one song – Mora Gora Ang Lai Le – Lata Mangeshkar; beginning the long innings that Gulzar played donning lyricist cap, among several others]
Madan Mohan Gulzar Mausam 1975
Sahir Ludhianvi Railway Platform 1955
Ghazal 1964
(jointly with Jai Dev) Laila Majnu 1976
Majrooh Sultanpuri Aakhari Dao 1958
Naushad Majrooh Sultanpuri Shajahan 1946
Andaz 1949
Saathi 1968
Roshan Neeraj Nai Umar Ki Nai Fasl 1965
Laxmikant Pyarelal Hasrat Jaipuri Chhaila Babu 1967
Kalyanji Anandji Sahir Ludhianvi Nanha Farishta 1969
Gulzar Purnima 1965
Majrooh Sultanpuri Ishara 1964
Hasrat Jaipuri Ghar Ghar Ki Kahani 1970

Both parts of the article, in Gujarati, can be read here and here.

This spurred me to re-look at an article on Shailendra’s filmography. Shailendra’s is a classic 80-20 Pareto Principle case – his great bulk of the work is with Shaker Jaikishan, followed by work with S D Burman and Salil Chaudhary and to fair extent with Roshan. Interestingly he has an equally impressive list of ‘exceptional partnerships’. Here are these gems:

Basant Prakash Badnaam 1952
Sapan Jagmohan Begana 1963
Ninu Majumdar Bhai Saaheb 1954
Robin Banerjee Massom 1960
Shailesh Mukherjee Savera 1958
Shivram Narayan Naya Kadam 1958
Chitragupta Kal Hamara Hai 1959
R D Burman Chhote Nawab 1961
Manohar Chingari 1955
Sudhir Kar Kaanch Ki Gudiya 1961
Shardul Kwatra Piple Saheb 1954
Tees Maar Khaan 1955
Kalyanji Anandji Satta Bazar 1959
Kishore Kumar Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Men 1964
Hum Do Daku 1967
Door Ka Raahi 1971
Anil Biswas Sautela Bhai 1962
Chhoti Chhoti Baaten 1965
C. Ramchandra Chhatrapati Shivaji 1952
Anarkali 1953
Ravi Dilli Ka Thug 1958
Jawani Ki Hawa 1959
Nai Raahen 1959
Mukul Roy Shailab 1956
Detective 1958
Pandit Ravi Shankar Anuradha 1960

Our friend Bhagwan Thavrani remembers: Tum Na Aaye Sanam Shama Jalti Rahi – Bhootnath (1963) – Vedpal – Lata mangeshkar – wherein he especially takes note of “Meri Awaz Ko Jaane Kyaa Ho Gaya, Main Baharon Men Gaati Rahi Jogiya.

We now take up regular take on Mohammad Rafi :

  • Mohammad Rafi- A short film on his life and songs – Part 1, Part 2 , Part 3 of film on the songs and life of legendary singer Mohammad Rafi, with inputs of Vinod Viplav, who has written his first biography-Meri Awaz Suno. This short film was produced and aired by CNBC News and Entertainment TV Channel.
  • Meri Awaaz Suno – Part 1 – Memories of Madan Mohan through his timeless melodies sung by Mohammad Rafi – Features introduction by Madanji, new nostalgic comments by Madanji and tributes by Mala Sinha, Khayyam and Jagjit Singh. It also features snippets of songs from Aakhari Dao (1958), Ghazal (1964), Suhagan (1964), Sharabi (1964), Haqueequat (1964) and Mera Saaya (1966).

Meri Awaaz Suno – Part 2 – Memories of Madan Mohan through his timeless melodies sung by Mohammad Rafi – Features tributes by Lataji, Pt. Shivkumar Sharma, Jaidev, Majrooh Sultanpuri and Jatin-Lalit. It also features snippets of songs from Aap Ki Parchhaiyan (1964), Dulhan Ek Raat Ki (1966), Heer Ranjha (1970), Naunihal (1967), Chirag (1969), Hanste Zakhm (1973), Laila Majnu (1976) and Tere Bagair (2009).

Each of our episodes is able to scratch the surface of all the great work done by a vast number of fans, lovers and knowledgeable people on the web, i.e. leaving out even a greater amount of documentation done on the print media. Let us salute these great work and join in bring up more and more of such work in our reach…….

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Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – May 2014

Welcome to May 2014 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

We have taken up detailed look at the fundamentals of Nonconformity (Ref: Blog Carnival Edition of March 2014) / Nonconformance (Ref : Blog Carnival Edition of April 2014) as well as Conformity / Conformance, before we take in these words for a more specific angle of Quality.

In the present edition we switch our attention to Conformity, beginning with definitions:

Conformity @ Merriam-Webster Dictionary

: behavior that is the same as the behavior of most other people in a society, group, etc.

: the fact or state of agreeing with or obeying something

Synonyms

accord, accordance, agreement, conformance, congruence, congruency, congruity, consonance, harmony, tune

Antonyms

conflict, disagreement, incongruence, incongruity, incongruousness

Related Words

compatibility; assimilation, integration; oneness, solidarity, togetherness; affinity, empathy, sympathy

Near Antonyms

contrast, discrepancy, disparateness, disparity, dissimilarity, distinction, distinctiveness, distinctness, diverseness, diversity, unlikeness; deviance, divergence; discord, discordance, dissension (also dissention), dissent, dissidence, disunity, friction, strife; variability, variance; incompatibility

Conformity @ Dictionary.com

1. action in accord with prevailing social standards, attitudes, practices, etc.

2. correspondence in form, nature, or character; agreement, congruity, or accordance.

3. compliance or acquiescence; obedience.

4. ( often initial capital letter ) compliance with the usages of an established church, especially the Church of England.

5. Geology . the relationship between adjacent conformable strata.

We now turn to more fundamental aspects of conformity.

Conformity @ Wikipedia looks at the subject from a more general point of view.

Conformity is the act of matching attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors to group norms. Norms are implicit, unsaid rules, shared by a group of individuals, which guide their

Which line matches the first line, A, B, or C? In the Asch conformity experiments, people frequently followed the majority judgment, even when the majority was wrong.
Which line matches the first line, A, B, or C? In the Asch conformity experiments, people frequently followed the majority judgment, even when the majority was wrong.

interactions with others. This tendency to conform occurs in small groups and/or society as a whole, and may result from subtle unconscious influences, or direct and overt social pressure. Conformity can occur in the presence of others, or when an individual is alone.

Although peer pressure may manifest negatively, conformity can have good or bad effects depending on the situation. Driving on the correct side of the road could be seen as beneficial conformity. With the right environmental influence, conforming, in early childhood years, allows one to learn and thus, adopt the appropriate behaviours necessary to interact and develop correctly within one’s society. Conformity influences formation and maintenance of social norms, and helps societies function smoothly and predictably via the self-elimination of behaviors seen as contrary to unwritten rules. In this sense it can be perceived as a positive force that prevents acts that are perceptually disruptive or dangerous.

As conformity is a group phenomenon, factors such as group size, unanimity, cohesion, status, prior commitment, and public opinion help determine the level of conformity an individual displays.

In What Is Conformity? @ About.Com – Psychology Kendra Cherry refers to Deautsch and Gerard (1955), who have identified two key reasons why people conform: informational influence – happens when people change their behavior in order to be correct- and normative influence – from a desire to avoid punishments (such as going along with the rules in class even though you don’t agree with them) and gain rewards (such as behaving in a certain way in order to get people to like you).

Types of Conformity :
  • Normative conformity involves changing one’s behavior in order to fit in with the group.
  • Informational conformity happens when a person lacks knowledge and looks to the group for information and direction.
  • Identification occurs when people conform to what is expected of them based upon their social roles. Zimbardo’s famous Stanford Prison Experiment is a good example of people altering their behavior in order to fit into their expected roles.
  • Compliance involves changing one’s behavior while still internally disagreeing with the group.
  • Internalization occurs when we change our behavior because we want to be like another person.

In ‘ Deadly conformity is killing our creativity. Let’s mess about more’ Henry Porter @ the guardian | The Observer,

People’s lives would be more fulfilling if they were given greater freedom in the workplace……. apart from encouraging the well-appreciated conditions for creativity in the workplace, we perhaps need to understand that the structures for taking decisions and driving things forward are not the same ones we should use to find innovation and make the most of the unexploited 85% of our intelligence. Power and hierarchies are the enemy of creativity.

We now narrow down our area of study to some of the specific examples of conformity at work:

Conformity Analysis – As part of the transportation planning and programming process, The Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning (CMAP) staff evaluates the impact of proposed transportation activities on the region’s air quality.

Conformity of Production – Conformity of Production (COP) is a means of evidencing the ability to produce a series of products that exactly match the specification, performance and marking requirements outlined in the type approval documentation.

Please follow these links to documents that explain COP in more detail:

Conformity assessment is the process used to show that a product, service or system meets specified requirements…….The main forms of conformity assessment are certification, inspection and testing. Although testing is the most widely used, certification is the best known.

ISO has many standards relating to performing conformity assessment as well as many other publication and resources which can be accessed at resources for conformity assessment.

Next, we turn our sails to our regular sections, starting with an international body actively engaged in furtherance of quality- Abu Dhabi Quality and Conformity Council.

QCC is an Abu Dhabi government entity consisting  of a council of regulators with a mandate to ensure provision of quality infrastructure in line  with global standards, and to support regulators and government organizations through offering quality and conformity facilities, expertise and resources, promote a culture of quality towards consume.

And then move over to ASQ TV Episode- Lean with a Touch of Six Sigma – “You hear about lean and six sigma, and lean six sigma. Is there a difference? Learn how lean and six sigma work together and how NOT to mistake the tools.”

We would also leverage this opportunity to visit related videos:

Uncover the differences between Lean, Six Sigma and Lean Six Sigma – “Lean Six Sigma subject matter experts and instructors Chad Smith and Chris Hayes describe the core differences between Lean and Six Sigma.”

Waste Analysis – “The simplest thing an organization can do in applying lean is to identify waste in its processes and then work to eliminate them. To get started, conduct a waste analysis. It typically looks for waste in eight categories.” [Do visit identifying waste too.]

Is Lean (and Six Sigma) the way to go – “Lean expert, David Behling, and Six Sigma expert, Maria Pamment, discuss the relevance of lean and Six Sigma, the challenges of implementing lean and how to get executive support.” [Do visit David Behling’s lean insights too.]

The Lighter Side–Lucy Hates Waste – In this classic comedy clip, we see an example of overproduction (one of the eight wastes of lean). Too bad eating extra product isn’t always a delicious option.

Lean Improves Response Time and Increases Revenue for Global Lender – One global lender was losing 40% of its applications for auto loans in Latin America. The organization used Six Sigma and lean tools to improve response time AND increase revenue in the process. [Do visit Case study too.]

Our ASQ’s Influential Voice for the month is – Dr. Lotto Lai

Dr. Lotto LaiBased in Hong Kong, China, Dr. Lotto Lai specializes in scientific research, quality assurance, and management. Dr. Lotto Lai has over 15 year hands-on experience in scientific research, quality assurance and management in Commercial Laboratory, University Testing Centre, Certification Body and Consultants Firm. He is Chairman & Fellow in HKSQ, MHKIE, SrMASQ, CMQOE and IRCA QMS Lead Auditor. He blogs at Quality Alchemist. The site already depicts publication of 52 posts in the year 2014, till date. The articles present a wide panorama of events that take place at HKSQ and other topics related to the subject of Quality.

We do not have a fresh insight this month in so far as Curious Cat Management Improvement Carnival category is concerned.

So we take a have look @ Interview on PDSA, Deming, Strategy and MoreBill Fox interviewed John Hunter and has posted the interview on his web site: Predicting Results in the Planning Stage.

I look forward to your active participation in enriching the blog carnival as we pursue our journey …………….

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I Liked Photo Story Revisiting History

Rajendra Nath – Then…..and….. Now

1960s /70s Hindi Film goer generation does not require any introduction of Rajendra Nath.

 

Rajendra Nath …..Then rajindernath..... thenRajendra Nath…. Now (He passed away in 2008)

rajindernath....now

Curtsey:  ‘Meri Lottery Lag Jaane Waali Hai’ : Rajinder Nath