Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – February, 2017

Welcome to February, 2017 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

This is the month when the world celebrated Valentine Day. We have picked up these  topical posts to commence our present episode:

Bachapan Ki Yaad Dheere Dheere Pyaar Ban Gayi – Shaheed (1948) – Lalita Deulkar – Ghulam Haider – Qamar Jalalabadi

We will now take up the posts on the anniversaries or eulogies:

The three distinct phases of OP Nayyar’s career –  Ravindra Kelkar pans three distinct musical styles, each corresponding to three time periods of O P Nayyar’s career.  Here are three illustrations, each for a respective phase:

Taare Chandani – Baaz (1953) – Geeta Roy (Dutt) – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Man More Ga Jhoom Ke – Mangu (1954) – Asha Bhosle – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Humdum Mere Khel Na Jano – Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hoon (1963) – Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Remembering Madhubala, Bollywood’s Very Own Marilyn Monroe – Khalid Mohamed- republished to mark Madhubala’s birth anniversary Madhubala’s end-years were spent in deflecting an illness which had a deadline. At one point, doctors had declared that Madhubala wouldn’t last beyond a period of two years. ..Despite that, she attempted to complete the last shooting spell required for Chalak co-featuring Raj Kapoor. Lore has it that since filmmakers had stopped approaching her to act, she threw caution to the wind, and steered towards film direction. Neither this project titled Farz Aur Ishq, nor Chalak, could get to the finishing line.

Cuckoo Did Get A Mention Here On Her Birthday This Year… – Even as there is no specific post on Cuckoo,  a new comment to the old post Discussion, Info and Great Pics Related to the Earliest Appearances of Cuckoo makes up for the loss.

We have two posts on Waheeda Raheman’s birthday –

  • Waheeda Rehman – The Woman of Substance On-Screen – In Pyaasa, Mujhe Jeene Do, The Guide, Teesri Kasam and Kaagaz Ke Phool – Waheeda’s best four movies to the author’s mind – Waheeda played the women who traded their charms for sustenance.” Vijay Kumar revisits these films from the perspective of the towering women characters in them played by Waheeda Rehman.
  • In Praise of Waheeda Rehman who had quite a few songs that are songs that are paeans to her beauty, praising her charm and her loveliness, while some of the others are sheer romance, in verse.

Hua jab se dil mein tera guzar, Mujhe chain hai na qaraar hai (Zara sun haseena-e-nazneenKaun Apna Kaun Paraya (1963) – Mohammed Rafi – Ravi – Shakeel Badayuni

Remembering Faiz Ahmed Faiz Through His Aching Words – Almas Khateeb – here’s looking at some of this subtle and sophisticated poet’s works, that’ll stay with us for years to come: Faiz Ahmed Faiz and His Beguiling Poetry.

The February 2017 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs was dedicated to ‘Some of the Talat Mahmood Duets receding from the memory’.

Here are posts on other subjects as well:

the-corsican-brothersram-aur-shyam

Films that are 50: A Dilip Kumar double treat in ‘Ram Aur Shyam’  – Nirupama Kotru – The thespian proves that comedy is as easy as tragedy in the 1967 hit comedy, which was a remake of  the popular Telugu film Ramudu Bheemudu, which in turn was loosely based on Alexander Dumas’s The Corsican Brothers.

Los Angeles, 1975. Lata Mangeshkar takes the stage. Deafening applauseMohan DeoraRachana ShahOn Stage With Lata is a different kind of memoir: it is a short history of Mangeshkhar’s concerts in the United States of America, Canada, the Caribbean and the Fiji Islands between 1975 and 1998.

Audio master: ‘Kismet’ laid the foundation of the Hindi film song as we know itRudradeep Bhattacharjee – In the 1943 blockbuster, the essential elements and conventions of the movie tune were codified, including the mukhda-antara form. Musicologist Jayson Beaster-Jones notes, “Both the film and the music of ‘Kismet’ exemplify a point just before a critical moment of transition for Indian filmmaking.”

Hope for Mumbai’s single screen cinemas after New Excelsior gets a shiny makeover – Subhash Ghai’s cinema chain has renovated and relaunched the iconic Mumbai theatre with new amenities and fewer seats.

Flowers bloom in Bollywood – D P Rangan has presented a colorful spread of Hindi film songs on flowers.

My favourites: Ten answers to the ‘Kaun Aaya’ question is in response to songs on Kaun Aaya, such as:

Chaakuwaala chhuriwaala… aaya main mastaana (Al-Hilal, 1957)

Mehfil mein jo aaye tum (Vallah Kya Baat Hai, 1962)

Ghoomke aaya hoon main… Baajewaala Patialewaala (Basant, 1960)

The Adivasi Chain Dances (Santali and Dhimsa)Circle dance, or chain dance, is a style of dance done in a circle or semicircle to musical accompaniment, such as rhythm instruments and singing. Circle dancing is probably the oldest known dance formation and was part of community life from when people first started to dance.

We end today’s episode with a prayer composed also by Mohammad Rafi

Hazrat Adam Ka Wakeya

I trust you will always feel free to proffer your suggestions for making this series of posts more lively and informative….

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Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – February, 2017

Welcome to February, 2017 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

We will commence our episode with a few articles on Quality in our daily life.

We will now turn to our regular sections:

I have picked up the question Using the 10:1 ratio rule and the 4:1 ratio rule from the section Ask The Experts, ASQ, for our current episode. The question deals with the field of confidence in the results of calibration employed in the metrological and statistical practices recommended for Measurement and Monitoring Equipment.

ASQ CEO, Bill Troy has presented Chris Moustakas ‘s guest article – Quality Management, Continuous Improvement, and Their Relation to the Golden Circle. Chris Quotes: “ In his famous Ted talk, Simon Sinek argues that if you look at the world through the simple concentric layers of why-how-what (the Golden Circle), and push yourself as close as possible to the center circle, “why,” you position yourself to be more of a visionary than a doer. “What” we do to accomplish a goal is tactical, bland, and uninspiring. “How” we set ourselves up to accomplish that goal is strategic and implies direction. “Why” we do what we do is the million-dollar question, and where true inspiration originates.”

The subject of Golden Circle is so engrossing that I plan to devote the rest of our present episode to a few more articles on the topic.

First things first. Let us look at Executive Summary: The Golden Circle with Simon Sinek  by: Andy Partridge. When most organisations or people think, act or communicate they do so from the outside in, from WHAT to WHY. And for good reason – they go from the tangible to the intangible. We say WHAT we do, we sometimes say HOW we do it, but rarely say WHY we do WHAT we do….But not the inspired leaders and companies. Every single one of them, regardless of their size or industry thinks, acts and communicates from the inside out.

simon-sinek-quote-hire-people-for-money

How Would Simon Sinek Use The Golden Circle Rules to Explain Account-Based Marketing? – Sangram Vajre proposes a similar model for B2B Marketing:

b2b-golden-circle-model

Intrapreneurship starts with a WHY – This is part of the series of posts talking about Ecosystem Design – We fancy a good revolution where there is not difference between a customer and a worker. The employees believe in our Why and because of this choose to work in the company, and the customer believes in our Why and choose to buy in our stores. One of our goals is to find customer who believe what we believe and work together so that we can all succeed.

The Golden Circle of Innovation” – Though not focusing on the why, how and what, Crossan and Apaydin have generated an overview of all relevant theories on innovation, resulting in a framework for innovation, as depicted below….They mention two ‘dimensions of innovation’, both focusing on innovation itself and they mention several ‘determinants of innovation’, focusing on the way that innovation is accelerated and managed within organizations.

framework-for-innovation

We now watch two of the latest ASQ TV  episode:

  • Using Quality Tools at Work and Home – Yvonne Howze describes how she successfully uses quality tools in her professional and personal life, often with amusing consequences.
  • SR Offers Opportunities for Quality Professionals – “Sustainability is the goal,” says Andrea Hoffmeier in this ASQTV interview. Hoffmeier, explains how quality professionals can play a role in helping their organizations and clients reach the goal of sustainability through social responsibility. She also discusses how DMAIC can be adapted for the SR audiences.
  • Sherlock Holmes and the Case of Quality Methods – Matthew Barsalou, Statistical Problem Resolution Master Black Belt at BorgWarner Turbo Systems Engineering GmbH, discusses Sherlock Holmes, hypotheses, and root cause.
  • Becoming—and Remaining—An Engaged Company – Alyce Nelson, Executive Coach & Quality Principal, FAS. Inc., discusses how to keep staff engaged and how to keep from derailing organizational engagement.

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems for the month of January,2017:

Quality at the Source : QATS can produce dramatic quality improvements: Jim's GemsIn its purest form QATS defines that quality output is not only measured at the end of the production line but at every step of the manufacturing process and being the responsibility of each individual who contributes to the production of on-time delivery of a product or service…There are simple techniques for QATS to work effectively:

  • No-fault forward
  • Standardized work
  • Prepare the most important resource
  • Self-checks
  • Successive checks
  • Mistake-proof

Get In Sync : How do you reach the highest level of willingness, the level at which you boldly step forward? Bottom line, make sure you’re in sync by doing what really matters…to you.

I look forward to your active participation in enriching the blog carnival as we pursue our journey in exploring the happenings across quality management blogs…………

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: February, 2017

Some of the Talat Mahmood Duets receding from the memory

talat_other_singersAll the singing greats at the start of their careers – Talat Mahmood, Mohd Rafi, Kishore Kumar,  Mukesh, Geeta Dutt, GM Durrani, Meena Kapoor, Kamal Barot, Mubarak Begum and others

In the month of his birth anniversary (24-2-1924) as I sat down to list out Talat Mahmood’s duets that seemed to have receded from the memory, I had not expected to find enough numbers to make a full-fledged article. Nonetheless I had pre-set the conditions that not more than one song will be taken up per pairing partner and the music director. However whatever filters you set up, you can always find enough pearls from the very rich sea of duets of Talat Mahmood.  So here is my pick –

Mujhko  Apna Banaya Kisne Tune Sajania  Tune – Sampatti (1949) – Talat Mahmood,  Suprova Sarkar – Timir Burman  – Pandit Bhushan

For quite romantic banter between the two loved ones, the rhythm of the song may appear faster. But that does not impede understanding the feeling and enjoying the song.

Poochh Rahe Ve Yaar Ki Bibi Kaisi Ho – Shaadi Ki Raat(1950) -Talat Mahmood, G M Durrani, Surinder Kaur – Pt. Govindram – Sarshaar Sailani

We have a typical pre-marriage ceremony folk song from Punjab. Talat Mahmood seems to be enjoying the (musical) company of his partners.

Taqdeer Hansi Ansoo  Nikale, Ik Thes Lagi Dil Toot Gaya – Pagle (1950)  – Talat Mahmood , Rajkumari  – Snehal Bhatkar – Kabil  Amritsari

Here is a duet in which one singer is a just-settled newcomer and the other is a vintage era veteran.

Jawani Ke Zamane Mein Jo Dil Na Lagayega Pichche Pachchatayega – Madhubala (1950) -Talat Mahmood, Shamshad Begum – Lachhiram Tomar – Rajinder Krishna

Talat Mahmood easily matches the light mood of Shamshad Begum.

Tum Kaun Ho Rajkumari Ye Chanda Sa Mukhda Idhar To Karo – Rajput (1951) – Talat Mahmood, Madhubala Zaveri – Hansraj Behl –  Bharat Vyas

Technically, this is the debut film of Madhubala Zaveri. This seems to be the song of ‘swayamvar’.

Manna Dey joins Talat Mahmood and Madhubala Zaveri in this song.

Jao Jao Jao Aagayaa Bulawa Jung Ka

Damdi Damdi Paisa Paisa Jod Jod Mar Jaate Hain – Hamari Shaan (1951)  – Talat Mahmood, Kishore Kumar – Chitragupta – (?)

Talat Mahmood joins Kishore Kumar in a very unique combination. We also hear a very distinct third voice too, which may be that of Chitragupta, however this is just a guess.

Kahin Preet Se Bhara Koi Geet Gaa Raha – Paatal Bhairavi (1952) – Geeta Dutt, Talat Mahmood –  Ghantshala – Pt. Indra Chandra

This film is a remake of the Telugu film, so we see a very young NTR lip singing Talat Mamood’s playback. Geeta Dutt sings for Malathi. (Venkataeshwara Rao)Ghantshala was a highly respected music director of Telugu films.

Pyar Bhi Aata Hai Kabhi Gussa Bhi Aata Hai – Goonj (1952) – Asha Bhonsle, Talat Mahmood – Sardul Kwatra..

The song so vividly captures the small talk between the loved on matters of minor disagreements.

Chalo Chale Chalen Jamuna Ke Paar – Usha Kiran (1952) – Talat Mahmood,  Zohrabai Ambalewali, Uma Devi, Swaroop Lata – Hanuman PrasadAnjum Pilibhiti

Since we have only the audio clip, it is difficult to imagine who would be the three female actors for this song. The song certainly appears to be a group of friends singing together on some occasion, where the sole male actor sings “Aao Kar Le Karar  {Let us make an agreement)’ in response to the proposal of the female singers.

Chanda Tale Mushkurayen Jawaniya….Hothon Pe Aa Gayi Dil Ki Kahaniyan – Chandi Rani (1953) – Talat Mahmood , P Bhanumathi – C R Subrmanian, M Vishwanathan – Vishwamitra Adil

This film was made in Telugu, Tamil and Hindi. NTR is the hero and P Banumathi is the heroin. The additional noteworthy point for this film is that P Bahnumathi was also the director and (one of the) producer.

Here is the Telugu version of the song

Tu Ud Ja Panchhi Bawaare  Ja Dess Begane Jaa –  Aag Ka Dariya (1953) –  Talat Mahmood, Sulochana Kadam – Vinod  – Aziz Kashmiri

The song is set to a rather difficult rhythm, but still retained the melody.

Ek Dil… Do Hain Talabgaar Badi Mushkil Hai, Kashmakasha Mein Hai Mera Pyar Badi Mushkil Hai  – Darwaza (1954) – Talat Mahmood, Suman Kalyanpur – Shaukat Dehlvi ‘Nashad’ – Khumar Barabankvi

This is debut duet that Suman Kalyanpur recorded for Hindi films, when she was Suman Hemmady, a budding artist from AIR stable. In an interview, this is what she said about this song: “I was thrilled to sing with a singer, who was blessed with the best of aesthetics and melody. Talat Mehmood gave a divine effect to the song with his silk voice and I tried my best to match him. He was very pleased with my rendering..”

Aankhen Bhari Hui Hai Aur Dil Bhara Hua Hai – Majboori (1954) – Talat Mahmood, Meena Kapoor Robin Chatterjee – D  N Madhok

The song is set in soft tone in consonance with the words of the song. That has given full expression to Talat Mahmood’s velvety voice. Meena Kapoor matches every note.

Tera Bachpan Ek Kahani – Sangam (1954) – Talat Mahmood, Mubarak Begum – Ram Ganguli –S H Bihari

This is second of the three films that were named Sangam. This song definitely shows that Ram Ganguli was very much beyond Aag (1948).

Door Hote Nahin Jo Dil Mein Raha Karte Hai – Waris (1954) – Talat Mahood, Suraiya – Anil Biswas – Majrooh Sultanpuri

 Talat Mahmood – Suriya’s duet – Dil-e-Naadan Tujhe – from Mirza Ghalib or Raahi Matwale from this film itself have attained so high popularity that some of the other duets, like the present one, have been overshadowed.

Thandi Hawaon Mein Taaron Ki Chhaon  Mein Aaj Balam Mora Dole Jiya  – Bahu (1955) – Geeta Dutt, Talat Mahmood – Hemant Kumar – S H Bihari

In so far as I am concerned, the song has not at all receded from the memory. But A very unique combination of Hemant Kumar, Geeta Dutt and Talat Mahmood ought to yield such a sweet result!

Nazar Aa Nigahon Se Chhup Jane Wale – Piya (Unreleased film of 1950s) – Talat Mahmood, Nirmala – S Banerjee – Majnoon Lucknowi

The lady singer is none other than famous singer Nirmala Devi. The younger generation would like to know her as mother of 90’s dashing actor Govinda.

Main Padh Rahi Hoon Tumko, Mery Kitab Tum ho – Captain India (1960) -Talat Mahmood, Sudha Malhotra – Hemant Kedar – Rajaram Saki

Quite an out-of-box way of explain the fact that both the loved ones are trying to understand each other by really trying to read each other.

Jay Jay Bharat Desh – Matlabi Duniya (1961) – Talat Mahmood, Ameerbai Karnatki, Chorus – Shushant Banerjee – Jayanti Joshi

We have made one exception to our original filter because this is the only duet of  Talat Mahmood and Amirbai Karnataki together.

Tum Pe Quarban Dil…Shukria Aap Ke Pyar Ka – Sakhi Lutera (1969)  – Talat Mahmood, Usha Balsaver – B N Bali – Aziz Ghazi

The female singer and the music director are quite unknown names. The song is set to a brisk dance tune.

Mohabbat Ki Kahaniyan Sunane Lagi Hai Jawaniyan – Talat Mahmood, Lata Mangeshkar – Woh Din Yaad Karo (1971) – Laxmikant Pyarela – Anand Bakshi

Except Talat Mahmood and Lata Mangeshkar singing in a duet, we have quite a rare set of combinations in this song. If Laxmikant Pyarelal using voice of Talat Mahmood and that too at almost the fag end of his career, for Sanjay Kumar on the screen is not enough of such rare combinations, Sanjay Khan and Nada pairing as lead actors gets added to.  The song is quite different from LP signature compositions, except the orchestration of the second interlude. Of course, all other male songs of the film are in Mohammad Rafi’s voice.

Here is the full song, in audio format-

We will end our present Talat Mahmood episode with two instances of his Mohammad Rafi associations –

Ek Nazar Mein Dil Le Jaaye..Surat Ho To Aisi Ho – Baarish (1957) – Talat Mahmood, Mohammad Rafi, Franciz Vaz, Chitalkar – C Ramchandra – Rajendra Krishna

Today, this song would have been the cause of nation-wide agitations by the feminists – not one but four, clearly rogue-looking youths of the locality, serially, teasing the girl who has come to fill up her pots at the public tap.

love-and-god

The famous recording of K.Asif’s magnum opus “LOVE AND GOD”, in which Naushad got the top 7 playback singers of the film Industry to agree to sing as a chorus for one song  – TALAT MAHMOOD, MOHD. RAFI, MANNA DEY, HEMANT KUMAR, SUMAN KALYANPUR, KHAN MASTANA, and BALBIR photographed during the rehearsals of the recording! (www.talatmahmood.net)

Rahega Jahan Mein Tera Naam  – Love & God (1986) – Mohammad Rafi, Talat Mahmood, Manna Dey & Balbir –  Naushad Ali – Khumar Barabankvi

The film had got mired in several glitches and took a very long time in making. By the time film got released, two of its heroes, Guru Dutt and then his replacement, Sanjeev Kumar and K Asif, the director, had passed away.

These songs represent only a one of the many shades of Talat Mahmood’s duets. So, when we get the next opportunity, we will look at other shades of Talat duets.

We will continue our search for Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Devdutt Pattanaik’s Business Sutra |1.1 | Is there an Indian way of doing Business

business-sutra-1Business Sutra |1| Corporations

Devdutt Pattanaik opens the discussion in his TV serial Business Sutra by taking up the subject of:

What is the purpose of a corporation? Why does it exist? And is there a difference between corporations in India and those in the West? Wherefrom come these differences?

He goes on to explore the ideas of Happiness as well Strategic versus Tactical thinking. All this discussion leads one to wonder if professionalism is a good thing.

Typically, Devdutt Pattanaik gives no prescription.  He has provided the frameworks; the leader has to take the call.

In our present post, we will have a detailed look at the first of the three parts of this episode.

Business Sutra |1.1 | Is there an Indian way of doing Business

Apparently, since the core of any business activities remains more or less same, the way of doing business must also be the same anywhere. However, as is said in a 2010 HBR article – The India Way of Leading Business – these similarities are “different’ as well. In the same article, K V Kamath is quoted – “Time and again it has been proved that the Western model of doing business would not be a success here.” We “think in English and act in Indian,” is how R. Gopalakrishnan, the executive director of Tata Sons, puts it. “For the Indian manager,” he explained, “his intellectual tradition, his y-axis, is Anglo-American, and his action vector, his x-axis, is in the Indian ethos.”

The authors of this HBR article – Peter Cappelli, Harbir Singh, Jitendra Singh, and Michael Useem – in their book – The India Way: How India’s Top Business Leaders Are Revolutionizing Management – what Indian managers do differently, including: looking beyond stockholders’ interests to public mission and national purpose, drawing on improvisation, adaptation, and resilience to overcome endless hurdles, identifying products and services of compelling value to customers, investing in talent and building a stirring culture. Here are the interviews with Michael Useem and Peter Cappeli on this subject.

In an article – The Indian way of management –  published in Business Today in 2010, Sumant Sinha  notes that it’s a mix of organizational capabilities, management practices, and company culture that sets Indian enterprises apart from firms in other countries.

In an event at the American Enterprise Institute in 2014, Bill Gates speaks on what India does right

Here is one more video clip of Vodafone’s CEO Marten Pieters in a refreshingly honest conversation with ET NOW’s Sonali Krishna about the telecom industry, the plan ahead for Vodafone and why Vodafone doesn’t want to be the number one player in the country just yet, in the context of Indian business model.

This would be true for a business operating in any other country, may be some factor more dominant at one time and the other factor playing up in somewhat differently at other time.

Devdutt Pattanaik traces the roots of these differences in the (known or unknown) influence of the Indian mythology on the Indian psyche in Segment 1: On the Indian versus Western Context.

Here are the key points from his present discourse:

It was East India Company that brought to India the concept of a modern corporation a charter company issuing stock paying dividends and multinational in presence

Indians and Chinese have learned a lot from the West but they don’t have to copy. They cannot create a Chinese or Indian version for Western model.

To understand this, we need to visit the story of Alexander, The Great, when he met a naked ascetic at the bank of Indus. Though the ascetic was apparently doing nothing he did seem to be wise in every respect. Alexander asked the gymnosophist what he was doing nothing sitting over there staring at the Stars. The gymnosophist replied that I am experiencing things. He then asked Alexander as to what he was doing. Alexander said that he was conquering the world. Both laughed at each other. Alexander laughed because he thought the gymnosophist was a fool for doing nothing. The gymnosophist laughed because he thought it’s waste of life to do anything.

If we understand these differences in each other’s point of view, then we can understand the difference between the Indian mindset and the Western mindset

The Indian Way of doing business was not about doing business but using the act of doing business to figure out why you are doing what you’re doing. In the answer to that question there is growth, intellectual growth and emotional growth.

One really needs to understand the purpose of business.

It was this very point that in a 1994 Harvard Business Review article, Peter Drucker argued, “the root cause of nearly every [business] crises is not that things are being done poorly. It is not even that the wrong things are being done. Indeed, in most cases, the right things are being done—but fruitlessly.”

We will take up discussion of Purpose of Business, as presented in the Segment 2 of the first episode of Devdutt Paatanaik’s TV serial Business Sutra  in our next episode.