Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – July, 2017

Welcome to July, 2017 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

We will first take up the posts on the anniversaries or eulogies:

One hundred years of Sarat Chandra’s ‘Devdas’ being published as a book (on 30th June 1917).

More on Sarat and Devdas : In The mortals of Devdas by J.N.Sinha: Its admirers have tracked many a character in Saratchandra Chattopadhyay’s life and his novels….On a closer look, Devdas is none other than the author himself, and Paro a young vivacious girl of the same town.”

Roshan at 100: The ultimate playlist, plus the story of the three lives of a single songRudradeep Bhattacharjee – The legendary music composer had a golden run during the 1960s, but the foundation was set in the previous decade. – One of Roshan’s most memorable songs from the 1960s is Rahein Na Rahein Hum (Mamta, 1966). It was a reworking of another Lata Mangeshkar song Thandi Hawayein, composed by SD Burman for the film Naujawan (1951). This is fascinating because of various reasons: one, RD Burman himself reworked the tune for one of his famous songs (Sagar Kinare); two, SD Burman himself is said to have been inspired by a tune he had heard being played on the piano in a Juhu hotel; three, Roshan used the tune way back in 1954 in a little-known film called Chandni Chowk in Tera Dil Kahaan Hai.

OP Nayyar-Geeta Dutt: A peerless combination – Ravindra Kelkar pays tribute to Geeta Dutt on her 45th death anniversary (23 November 1930 – 20 July 1972)

On this occasion, we will also take a retrospective look at articles on Geet Dutt @ Silhouette Magazine :

The Masters: Madan Mohan commemorates what would have been 93rd birthday of the music director….He once said that “…the foremost requirement of a song is only one thing;  it should be capable of capturing the interest of the listeners in a short period and sustaining it in the years to follow.” He needn’t have worried; his legacy endures, as timeless as his soul-stirring compositions.

The foregoing post has studiedly avoided Lata – MM songs because the author had already done an exclusive post: An Afternoon Tryst with Madan Mohan and Lata Mangeshkar

The music man and his treasure bag: songs in Aashirwad – a song-sequence series post that remembers Sumita Sanyal on her passing away. [Here’s an earlier piece about the Aashirwad song “Saaf Karo Insaaf Karo”]

Jalaa do yeh duniya: poets and merchants in Pyaasa and Navrang – “when I think of the Pyaasa scene, I also think of a very different sort of scene from a film made two years later – another song that touches on the dilemmas facing a pure artist in a material world, but does it with splendid lightness of touch. That Song is “Kavi Raja”, sung by the film’s lyricist Bharat Vyas, begins with a group of friends – poets as well as poet manqués – coming together for an impromptu little sammelan.

[Earlier Mint Lounge columns on songs-sequence articles here]

Even in the darkness, he dreamed of lights: A tribute to renowned cinematographer KK MahajanRudradeep Bhattacharjee – On the death anniversary of Kewal Krishan Mahajan, or KK as his friends called him, a look back at his unmatched legacy.

The July 2017 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs was dedicated to Mohammad Rafi’s Solo Song From The FIRST Film With The Music Director: 1949

Here are posts on other subjects as well:

The first duo Husnlal-Bhagatram (1): Their songs for Suraiya, Lata Mangeshkar and Rafi – Having done series on Anil Biswas, Naushad, C Ramchandra, SD Burman and Shankar-Jaikishan, SoY now has taken up the lesser, but no less talented star-duo of Husnlal Bhagatram.

Gaddeswarup’s blog expands the on Husnlal Bhagatram by recalling Satish Chopra’s article ‘The diamond cutters!’, and that famous song Chup Chup Khade Ho from Badi Bahen. Here is the Tamil version of the song Enni Enni Parkka Manam, that was filmed on debutant Vyjayantimala in the film ‘Vaazhkai’ (1949). The film was re-made in Hindi as Bahaar, for which S D Burman had composed the music.

In ‘Ninaithen Vandaai’, MGR and Jayalalithaa are Antony and CleopatraArchana Nathan – In ‘Kavalkaaran’, Jayalalithaa’s character revisits the stories of star-crossed lovers and decides her own love story deserves a happy ending.

Is ‘Aapki Yaad Aati Rahi’ from ‘Gaman’ the ultimate separation song?Nandini Ramnath – In Muzaffar Ali’s debut film, Farooque Shaikh drives a taxi in Mumbai while Smita Patil waits interminably for him. The song is a version of Makhdoom Mohiuddin’s ghazal Aapki Yaad Aati Rahi. Chhaya Ganguli’s masterful rendition of a song that speaks of the pain of a prolonged separation wafts over some of the quietest visuals in the movie. In Gaman, Jaidev’s brilliant soundtrack has one of the greatest laments about life in Mumbai. Seene Me Jalan is the mournful flipside of Ae Dil Hai Mushkil from CID (1956).

Mehfil Mein Meri is a new addition to our blogroll. The blog opens its books with Voice of Dev Anand which has listed some of the songs of Dev Anand by various playback singers

Ten songs picturized in famous gardens, with a rider that song from the same garden would not be included in this post.

Favorite Scenes Showing Kathak Footwork (danced by Gopi Krishna, Sitara Devi, and Roshan Kumari) – I have picked up two songs that are not heard often and one from A Satyajit Ray film:

K.N. Singh – My Memorable Roles (1963) –“Every actor knows that doing a long stretch of walking in front of the cameras is the worst possible ordeal for a newcomer. The camera is a harsh, relentless observer—a one-eyed monster all eyes for the smallest gaucherie. And why only an actor? Off-camera, how many men can walk manfully, unself-consciously, in the full gaze of a roomful of watchful people?”

Baghban” directed by A.R. Kardar, is the film Singh rates highest. He played a villain in it “but the violence was not physical but subtly mental.” To this role and film, Singh ascribes his “continuance” in films.

In our series Micro View of Best Songs 1948 @SoY of Best songs of 1948: And the winners are?, we have added the detailed posts on Male Solo songs with those of G M Durrani, Surendra and Other Male Singers.

To end the today’s post with an article on Mohammed Rafi, I have picked up a two Madan Mohan’s (relatively) unheard songs and a video clip of a public performance.

Tribute to Rafi Saheb and Madan Mohan – Singer Khalid Baig

Oonche Oonche Melahonwale – Jagir (1959) – Lyrics: Raja Mehdi Ali Khan

Har Sapna Ek Din Toote Is Duniya Mein – an unreleased song

I trust you will always feel free to proffer your suggestions for making this series of posts more lively and informative….

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Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – July,2017

Welcome to July, 2017 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

While searching for the articles of general interest on the topic of quality, I came up on:

The Single Biggest Problem in Communication…… Is the illusion that it has taken place quotes Gwendolyn Galsworth while pinpointing one complaint—the one problem—that nearly every company puts at (or very near) the top of its list of challenges…We … understand that part of the power in an empowered workforce was the parity created when information is reliably and repeatedly shared. When that information is made visual by design, it becomes a tangible and indispensable part of the business model…Visuality is about meaning and understanding, not simply seeing. A visual workplace embeds meaning into the dynamic landscape of work.

Visuality, as a concept, was new to me. Si I probed further and came up with:

Simplifying complex management structures to foster better working relationships – The Mobiliteit & Openbare werken (MOW) (Mobility and Public Works) department of the Flemish government in Belgium aims to support policy makers, agencies, and civil society with their expertise. MOW was looking for a way to internally show their employees how they fit into the organization’s complex overall management structure. After a couple of initial iterations aimed at getting to the core of the narrative, what came up as the end product was this:

And then I could link the word ‘visual’ with the process of continual improvement:

How Data Visualization Benefits Your Continuous Improvement CultureHenrik KjærulffIn a continuous improvement culture we expect people to base their decisions upon data – especially when it comes to problem solving….When we give everyone on the shop floor easy access to data, we’ll support a constant focus on a data-driven approach to problem solving and make it easy for people to make decisions based on data. Visualized data is easy to interpret into information.

That gave me an opportunity to brush up the memory:

11 Rapid Continuous Improvement Tools ExplainedGreg Jacobson – Please read the article for more detailed information on each tool and dive deep into one that suits your requirements.

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up the article – The Secret to Building an Opportunity-Focused Organization @ the column The Drucker Perspective @ Management Matters Network. It’s an enduring truth: A successful organization is opportunity-focused, not problem-focused…Resources, to produce results, must be allocated to opportunities rather than problems. This is one of Peter F. Drucker’s most important principles for sustained success:

“An organization will have a high spirit of performance if it is consistently directed toward opportunity rather than toward problems. It will have the thrill of excitement…Of course, problems cannot be neglected. But the problem-focused organization is an organization on the defensive. It is an organization that feels it has performed well if things do not get worse….A management that wants to create and maintain the spirit of achievement therefore stresses opportunity. But it will also demand that opportunities be converted into results.”

From Ask The Experts, I have picked up a question –“Shall Be Determined” in 9001”. The reply states that According to the Oxford Dictionary:  Determine means to “Ascertain or establish exactly be research or calculation”, Merriam Webster has a similar definition:  “to find out about or come to a conclusion about by investigation, reasoning, or calculation…There does not need to be a procedure about how things are determined.  The output, or the determination itself, will serve as evidence that you did it. .. For example, if you are a hospital, and you “determine” that surgeons do not need to wash their hands, you should be subject to a non-conformance for getting that wrong.

In our ASQ CEO, Bill Troy column this time there is a topic – As Industry 4.0 continues to evolve, what can quality professionals do to ensure they will be an integral asset throughout this industrial revolution? – that we need to take up for a more –in-depth view (in our next month’s episode)

We now watch the latest ASQ TV  episodes:

  • BenchmarkingWe learn the basics of benchmarking, review the recommended six phases of a successful benchmarking process, and finally, we get reacquainted with one vital ingredient in benchmarking: metrics
  • Quality Tools—Seven Old and Seven New: Get acquainted or reacquainted with the old and the new—quality tools, that is.

“Building From the Basics”, QP, 2009
“The Quality Toolbox, Second Edition”, Nancy R. Tague, 2005
“Beyond the Basics”, QP, 2012
The 7 Basic Quality Tools for Process Improvement
Seven New Management and Planning Tools

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems for the month of June, 2017:

  • Empowering Teams : Teams have changed how business is conducted in the workplace – Teams are constructed entities designed to achieve some desired outcome. A team that is empowered is nurtured by a supporting culture in which the organization’s vision, mission and corporate values are substantive and sustainable. An empowered team, therefore, has the necessary information, skills and authority to make decisions that ratchet up performance and drive results. Additionally, how well a team functions depends largely on how well it is structured, the interpersonal relationships and the quality of team leadership. There are five elements required for high performance.
    • Clear strategy
    • Well-understood operational goals
    • Clear and agreed upon roles and responsibilities
    • Transparent and honest business relationships
    • Protocols of decision-making are established

Creating truly empowered teams is a process that cannot be done quickly.. If your organization is not on this path, your competition is set to outpace your efforts.

  • Move Forward – It’s up to you so choose now to make progress by moving forward in order to allow positive momentum to take hold. There’s absolute certainty that it’s within your grasp to feel the wonderment of being the creative person you can be. I believe it was the late Art Linkletter, author and television personality, who said “the rest of your life could be the best of your life.” All you have to do is make the effort to move forward to make it happen.
  • This Day – Even by itself, this day is filled with huge value. But…in addition, this day also gives you the opportunity to prepare for the days, weeks, months and years which follow…Therefore, living this day with purpose, gratitude and integrity will provide you with a double reward. In addition to making this day the most fulfilling it can be in this very moment in time, you are also preparing yourself for all the time that follows.

I look forward to your active participation in enriching the blog carnival as we pursue our journey in exploring the happenings across quality management blogs…………

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

The Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @ SoY – Male Solo Songs – Other Male Singers

Apart from the four male playback singers that we have covered till now, we can find fairly noticeable presence of other male singers like Ninu Mazumdar, Chitalkar, Manna Dey or Vidyanath Seth in the year 1948. In some cases, their work is more on the side of duets or in some case even when we list the songs from HFGK, these are not yet posted on net.

I have clubbed songs of any one singer here under the respective name. In all other cases, I have mentioned the name of the singer along with the song itself.

On the whole, in the retrospect, this list does present quite a kaleidoscopic picture.

Kare Badar Baras Barasa Kar Jao Bar Bar – Gopinath – Singer: Ninu Mazumdar – Ninu Mazumdar – Ram Murthy

The song seems to have a version in which Kaumudi Munshi joins in and lends a very different style to the song.

Manna Dey

Chal Tu Preet Nagariya, Preet Nagar Ke Koyal Kooke – Veena – Anil Biswas – Prem Dahelvi

Ham Tere Hai Ham Ko Na Thukarana – Hum Bhi Insaan Hai – Manna Dey, H P Das – G S Nepali

Koi Mujh Se Bhi Bole – Hum Bhi Insaan Hai – Manna Dey, H P Das – G S Nepali

Ghar Ghar Ke Diye Buzakar Bane Hai Dhanwan –Hum Bhi Insaan Hai – Manna Dey, H P Das – G S Nepali

Jay Shivshankar, Gaurishwar, Jay Rameshwar – Jay Hanuman – Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra

Jab Se Dekha Hai Tumhein – Gopinath – Singer Not Known – Ninu Majumdar

Do Ghadi Beet Gayi, Taine Surat Nahi Dkhayee – Hum Bhi Insaan Hai – Parvez Kapadia – Manna Dey, D C Dutt, G S Nepali

(Technically speaking, this may have to be placed in female solos category. However, the song is performed by a male (adolescent) actor on the screen, so I have placed it in this list.]

Koi Sham Rang Gori – Veena – Singer: Chitalkar – C Ramchandra –  Narendra Sharma

Sansar Ke Adhaar Dayaa Hampe – Anjangarh –Singer: Pankaj Mallik– R C Boral –

Tu Dar Na Jara Bhi – Anjangarh –Singer: Pankaj Mallik– R C Boral –Pt. Bhushan

Ek Bholi Bholi Gori Ne Aay Hay Dil Pe Jadoo Liya – Andho Ka Sanasar – Singer: Dost Mohammad– Sridhar Parsekar – Kesarinath Vaidya

Shankar Das Gupta

Ab Kis Nagari Jaun Re Ab Jaane Se Jaa Na Shakunga – Anajaana – D C Dutt – Vishwamitra Adil

Kisi Ka Deepak Jalta Hai, Kisi Ka Deep Bujhata Hai – Didi – Mukund Maurekar – Saraswati  Kumar  Deepak

Sajan Ke Ghar Jana Pagle Sajan Ke Ghar Jana – Sajan Ke Ghar –– K S Sagar – Saraswati Kumar Deepak

Suhagan Kahe Ko Tu Ansoo Bahae Karam Lekha Na Tale – Bichhade Balam – Singer: Mohammad Farooqui – Bulo C Rani – Pt Indar

Bane Hai Ham To Ghar Jawai –  Ghar Ki Izzat – Singer: Ram Kamlani – Pt. Govind Ram –

Vidyanath Seth

Aaj Geet Ke Bol Bol Mein Umada Hai Tufan – Roop Rekha –– Pt. Amarnath – Harikrishna Premi

O Gori Kahe Preet Kare – Roop Rekha –Pt. Amarnath – Harikrishna Premi

Marane Ki Dua Kyon Maangu, Jene Ki Tamanna Kaun Kare – Ziddi – Singer: Kishore Kumar – Khmechand Prakash – Prem Dhawan

We will sum up Male Solo Songs for 1948 in the next episode.

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: July, 2017

Mohammad Rafi’s Solo Song From The FIRST Film With The Music Director: 1949

To commemorate Mohammad Rafi’s anniversaries, we commenced a series of articles on Mohammad Rafi that essentially tried to bring the solo song of Mohammad Rafi with the music director.  We had planned to take up one five-year slot in a chronological order to bring all the first films in which Mohammad Rafi had had a solo song with a music director. The first slot of 1944 to 1948 was covered in Part I and Part II in December, 2016. We will take up next five-year-slot of 1949 to 1954 this year.

 [For the sake for structured documentation, I will be following the alphabetical sequence of Film names in the post.]

1949 appears to the year of bounty in so far as Mohammad Rafi is concerned. He has several re-associations, with music directors like Husnlal Bhagatram,  Hansraj Behl, Naushad, C Ramchandra, Shyam Shundar.  Many of these songs did become evergreen hits as well. He also has plenty of maiden associations with music director who offered solo song(s) to him for the first time. Many of such associations bloomed into quite fruitfully rich associations in the future.

As we will fathom though the maiden solo songs with a music director for the year 1949, we will see that there are more unknown songs than the songs known well. The journey of Mohammad Rafi maiden solo songs, thus, continues to open more and more dimensions of the range of Mohammad Rafi solo songs as we have come to know in the period of post-1950 years – the Golden Years of Hindi Film Music – when he was to ascend to Number # 1 status, among male playback singers.

The maiden solo songs with different music director for the year 1949 are enough in numbers to justify a full length post.

Lo Rukh Badal Raha Hai Zindagi Ka, Dhara Le Kar Chali Hain Duaa, Allah Ka Sahara Khudard Ye Nazara – Banoo – Pt. Ram Prasad

The song is cast in Heer (Punjabi Folk Tune) style.

Main Zindagi Mein Hardam Rota Hi Raha Hun – Barsat- Shanker Jaikishan – Lyrics: Hasrat Jaipuri

Barsat was the maiden film for Shanker Jaikishan as well. As per the demands of the story, the overwhelming number of songs has gone Lata Mangeshkar. Mukesh also had exceptionally noteworthy songs in the film. That almost became the pattern for most of the RK – SJ films down the line. Remarkably, each of RK-SJ film always had at least one Mohammad Rafi song, (‘Aah, 1955 and Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai, 1961 are equally remarkable exceptions. The Rafi song in the RK-SJ film always had a very remarkable place. Most of the songs are well-remembered today.

Jab Yaad Kiya Ham Aane Lage, Haan Aane Lage……Tum Jhidkiyan Ham Ko Dene Lage, Ha Dene Lage – Chilman – Hanuman Prasad (Sharma)

‘Chilman’ had one more solo of Mohammad Rafi – Zahe Kismat Teri Mehfil Se. Hanuman  Prasad – Rafi had one more film in the year Daulat, which also has one Rafi solo on records  – Mohabbat Ki Sabha Mein Ham Collector Ban Ke – which is not yet available on net. HFGK notes that the songs of the fil hasve also appeared in ‘Jannat’ in the same year.

Ek Din Ek Armaan Bhara Dil Ulfat Se Do Char Hua – Garibi – Bulo C rani – B R Sharma

Bulo C Rani has used Rafi’s voice for the first time. The film had one duet with Shamshad Begum and two solos. The other solo song is: Kisi Se Hamne Poochha Mohabbat Kisko Kahate Hai

Taalim Ka Taraana Unche Suro Mein Gaa – Nai Taalim – Vasant Desai – S R Chopda ‘Saaz’

HFGK lists only two songs in the name of this film. YT’s knowledgable uploader Yashwant Vyas credits Narayan Jaago, Jaago Karunanidhan Jaago (Narsinh Avtar) to Mohammad Rafi, even as HFGK has not identified any playback singer.

Ek Dil Ne Suna Ek Dil Ne Kaha, Ek Dard Bhara Afsana, Haye Dard Bhara Afsana – Parda – Shramaji – Swami Ramanand

As is well-known to most of the Hindi Film Songs fans of the golden Perion, Sharmaji is the pseudonym of Khayyam. The film had one more solos of Rafi – Sitamgar Se Leta Hai Tu Intqam

Samay Ka Chakkar So Bal Khaye – Raaz – Malik Saradar – Meeraji

We have one more song in signature style of Mohammad Rafi. HFGK has mentioned music director as Malik Saradar, whereas most of the references on net show the name as Saradar Malik. However I am not sure whether both are the same person.

Teer Pe Teer Khaye Jaa, Zulmo Sitam Uthaaye Jaa – Rooplekha – Sajjad Hussain – Khumar Barabankvi

Mohammad Rafi opens the solo account with Sajjad Hussain. The present song can easily claim the most popular and known-till-day song in our present list.

Bhaj Man Kamal Nayan Kamlesh– Sant Janabai – Sudhir Phadke – Pt. Narendra Sharma

HFGK lists 22 songs in the film, of which playback singers have been identified in two songs. Source on net identify several songs to Mohammad Rafi. That gets us the opportunity to see Rafi in his now well-known Bhajan singing elements.

Mehmaan Banke Aaye The Armaan Ban Gaye – Shoharat – Aziz (Hindvi) – Gulshan Jharma

The song also has a duet version of this song, in which Rafi teams with Hamida Bano. The clip here has both the versions.

For the year 1949, the number of music directors who opened account of Mohammad Rafi solo songs is 10, same as in 1948. The overall tally of Mohammad Rafi’s songs for the year 1949 is 121 songs, with 21 music directors, spread over 49 films, which was 52, 25 and 21 respectively in 1948. Comparable numbers for the period 1944 to 1949 is 248 songs over 113 films. That should make 1949 as the undisputed hinge over which the floodgates of Mohammad Rafi opened in the decade of 1950.

 

We will continue our search for Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Business Sutra |2.3 | Leadership in different Business Cycles

Business Sutra |2| Leadership

In the first episode of the TV serial on CNBC 18, spread over three segments, Devdutt Pattanaik presented to us the most visible form of the business – the corporation : its meaning, its purpose and its action perspective.

In the second episode Devdutt Pattanaik discusses Leadership. The first segment of the second episode dealt with the role of the leader and the second segment what impact the context has on the leaders. The third segment looks at the context in the light of different business cycles.

Business Sutra |2.3 | Leadership in different Business Cycles

Allison McSparron-Edwards, founder and managing director of Consultrix analyzes Business lifecycles and the need for different leaders at different times. It may seem fairly obvious but as companies grow they appear to follow a corporate life cycle including Creation, Growth, Maturity, Turnaround and Decline. [Kimberley, J. R., Miles, R. 1980, and associates The Organisational Lifecycle: Issues in the Creation, Transformation, and Decline of Organisations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.]…In tandem, it appears that, in order to be successful in each stage, companies need to employ different types of leaders including Creators, Accelerators, Sustainers, Transformers and Terminators. [Ward, A., The Leadership Lifecycle: Matching leaders to evolving organizations. Ebbw Vale: Palgrave MacMillan]

A Ward’s book – The Leadership Lifecycle – presents a model of the leadership process that identifies which factors create an effective leader at different points in the organisation’s lifecycle and which forces act as moderators to that effectiveness. The dimension of how the dynamics of leadership play out over time is what distinguishes this work from previous books on leadership.

So here is your challenge: Do you know whether your leadership behaviors suit your company’s growth cycle?

The Business Lifecycle & The 5 Phases of Leadership :

Phase 1: Innovation

During the startup phase, the leader is very single-minded and highly driven. Their enthusiasm and energy alone is enough to inspire others to shared greatness.

Phase 2: Entrepreneurial

Due to limited resources and a lack of deeper understanding, entrepreneurial leaders tend to surround themselves with followers and, sometimes, subservient players who are not necessarily leaders. A “my way or the highway” attitude could lead the business down the wrong road.

Phase 3: Managerial

The transition from entrepreneur to manager is very challenging. The entrepreneur tends to be a high energy, powerful, dominant, controlling leader. The entrepreneur also dislikes process and procedure. If we don’t transition to a managerial leader, the business will have a ceiling on its growth and potential. New team leaders may put ideas into play that don’t mesh with the original company vision. Getting On Purpose will ensure the business is not sacrificing passion for process, while ensuring a fluid transition of vision to the leadership team.

Phase 4: Administrative

While the administrative phase is generally successful from a business perspective, the success is unsustainable because the company can lose the On Purpose vision. Leadership must be vigilant and strive to allow innovation while constantly resisting the devolution/transition into the “Bureaucratic Phase”.

Phase 5: Bureaucratic

Unchecked, politics and bureaucracy become the accepted cultural norm, with a culture that operates on rules and guidelines. Strong, determined change through On Purpose coaching strategies can re-vitalize leadership, empower the team and bring the company back into the entrepreneurial, maturity or administrative phase.

Leadership Style and the Organization Life Cycle is a research paper and was executed to explore and test the belief that a transition of organization life cycle has a relationship to leadership style

Business Lifecycle and Leadership Fit By Eric Hansen

Leadership Style Lifecycle: Choose the Right Leadership Style for the Right Environment Rod King, Ph.D., AUTHOR of “Business Model Canvas: A Good Tool With Bad Instructions?“; CONSULTANT on Business Model Hacking (BMH):

In 6 Leadership Styles, And When You Should Use Them Robyn Benincasa notes that great leaders choose their leadership style like a golfer chooses his or her club, with a calculated analysis of the matter at hand, the end goal, and the best tool for the job. Here are the six leadership styles Daniel Goleman’s study that his Leadership That Gets Results  uncovered among the managers he studied, as well as a brief analysis of the effects of each style on the corporate climate:

If you take two cups of authoritative leadership, one cup of democratic, coaching, and affiliative leadership, and a dash of pacesetting and coercive leadership “to taste,” and you lead based on need in a way that elevates and inspires your team, you’ve got an excellent recipe for long-term leadership success with every team in your life.

Robyn Benincasa is a two-time Adventure Racing World Champion, two-time Guinness World Record distance kayaker, a full-time firefighter, and author of the new book, HOW WINNING WORKS: 8 Essential Leadership Lessons from the Toughest Teams on Earth, from which this article is excerpted. (Harlequin Nonfiction, June 2012)

Leadership and Life Cycles: Barbarians to Bureaucrats is an edited (20min) presentation on corporate life cycles and leadership styles by Lawrence M. Miller.

Now, let us look at what Devdutt Pattanaik has to say on the subject in the Segment 3: Leadership in different Business Cycles

Why is success so individualistic when we talk about in the context of business? Of course, in successful companies we almost always connect them to one overwhelmingly successful individual. Almost everything about the success of leadership connects to that leader. We rarely praise the board of Apple but Steve Jobs is God. Similarly for Microsoft Bill Gates is God and for Reliance Industries Dhirubhai Ambani is a legend for what he has achieved. Why is success so individualistic when everything in mythology seems to be talking about the community, the other, the outside.

Everything in Indian Mythology talks about other, the outside. The Western mythology is a complex combination between Greek ideas and biblical ideas. In the biblical idea there is God and there is a prophet. The Prophet brings the rules of God to man and we have to align to the rules. The prophet is subject to these rules. He is not independent of the rules. He is not creator of these rules. He is subject to these rules. The Greek model is very different. In the Greek model the hero is someone who challenges the gods, who fights the gods and who triumphs despite the gods.

Now when we use the word leader today in common parlance, these words have come from the Western context. When they are using the word leader they refer to the heroes of Greek mythology who challenge the gods, that is the status quo, who challenge the establishment and innovate and create something new breakthrough. Today there is the Hercules of modern times. Hercules is always alone. Have you seen him with family or Theseus or Jason?  None of them are with family. All of them are individuals. Some of them are kings but you never hear about the kingdom. You only know about their great adventures. All our leadership books that we have are basically Greek heroes.

When we are that individualistically oriented and if the board is not as responsible, as revered, then the Board is always going to come second to the individual leaders. If the Board always comes second to the individual leader, then let us go back to the conversation we had in the very first episode – how is the board ever going to be able to stand up to that leader.

This is the Great Western conflict – the individual versus the community.

In the Indian context how do you apply this concept?

It is not achievement which makes Ram worthy of worship; it is sacrifice that makes him worthy of worship. So I would actually argue a leader has to begin as Parshuram, then become Ram and then evolve into Krishna. Unfortunately many have to become Buddha or Kalki depending on the situation. These are the avatars Parshuram is rule-follower, he is like this very strict teacher who punishes you if you break the rules.  Then he becomes the model leader, Ram, who hopes that by being a model of sacrifice the people will understand the meaning of sacrifice. Because the whole kingdom is watching this great king serving them, making sacrifice in his own personal journey.

He leads by example.

He eventually becomes Krishna. Krishna is the ultimate coach, he is coaching and creating new talent and hoping that the Pandavas will become like Ram. They don’t.  They gamble away their own Kingdom thinking that Kingdom is property. So he has to put them through a great period of exile in the forest and sort of repair the damage and get them back on the trail. There is a lot of bloodshed which happens. So he is coaching them and finally becomes Buddha who switches off.  Or, he becomes Kalki who just breaks the system completely because it is not worth upholding.

So either you withdraw if it is worth sustaining or you destroy because it’s not worth maintaining anymore.

So it is a very beautiful narrative which is in a way saying the evolution of leadership. It is not becoming one style it is context driven. In the early phases, Parshuram, in the perfect phase Ram then become Krishna – create talent move out, go away. The world will continue without you it has been continuing without you.

If it does not continue it will self-implode. Leave it. Detach.

We thus observe that both, Western and the Indian view of leadership styles evolve in terms of the context.

In our next session next month, we will take up Segment 1 of Third episode – Dharma Sankat (Ethical Dilemmas) – of Devdutt Pattanaik’s TV serial Business Sutra viz. Dharma and Dharma Sankat (Ability to grow beyond animal instincts and Ethical dilemmas)

Note: The images used in this post are the irrevocable property of their respective creator. They have been taken up courtesy the internet, so as to illustrate the point under discussion.

The Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @ SoY – Male Solo Songs – G M Durrani and Surendra

For the year 1948, two other male singers who have fairly noteworthy presence in the solo songs arena are G M Durrani and Surendra.

Solo Songs of G M Durrani

Pyar Ki Shama Ko Taqdeer Bujhati Kyon Hai – Aaj Ki Raat – Husnlal Bhagatram – Rajendra Krishna

Dil Fida Karate Hai Qurban Jigar Karate Hai – Azadi Ki Raah Par – G D Kapoor – Sahir Ludhyanavi

Ab Kisko Sunane Chali Tu Gham Ka Fasana – Dukhiyari – Gyan Dutt – F M Kaisar

Bujh Gaya Dil Ka Diya Gham Ke Andhere Chhaa Gaye – Lal Dupatta – Gyan Dutt – Maohar Khanna

Solo Songs of Surendra

Jale Kyon Parwana – Anokhi Ada – Naushad Ali – Anjum Pilibhiti

Bade Bhole Bhale Hai – Anokhi Ada – Naushad Ali – Anjum Pilibhiti

Jab Dil Na Ho Pahloo Mein To Jeene Ka Majha Kya Hai – Dukhiyari – Gyan Dutt – F M Kaisar

Ab Hum Ko Bhula Do Bhula Do Kahate Hain  – Dukhiyari – Gyan Dutt – F M Kaisar

Dushwar Zamane Mein Gareebon Ka Gujar Hai – Dukhiyari – Gyan Dutt – F M Kaisar

Dil Aane Ke Dhang Nirale Hai – Meri Kahani – Datta Koregaonkar- Nkhshab Jarachavi

Dil Tadap Kar Rah Gaya Hasrat Machal Kar Rah Gayee  – Datta Koregaonkar- Nkhshab Jarachavi

Dil Ko Tumhari Yaad Ne  Aaaa Kar Hila Diya – Meri Kahani – Datta Koregaonkar – Anjum Pilibhiti

In the next episode we will visit Solo Songs of Other Male Singers