The third part of the solo songs of Geeta Roy for 1948 follows the same pattern as the one observed in earlier part  and , i.e. I do not have any song that I recollect ever having heard earlier. The songs in this part certainly bear the trade mark Geeta Roy singing. I am so happy that I did get to listen to these songs.
Sun-Sun Ri Bulbul Diwani Aaj Suni Hai Maine Chhupkar – Jeene Do – Shaukat Hussain (Dehalvi) – Shevan Rizvi
Aai Hun Tere Dwar Pe Tujhhko Pukarane – Jeene Do – Shaukat Hussain (Dehalvi) – Shevan Rizvi
Raakhi Ka Mausam Aaya Re, Banjare Raakhi Bandh Le – Jeene Do – Shaukat Hussain (Dehalvi) – Shevan Rizvi
Meethi Baaten Suna Ke Lubha Ke Koi Haye Dil Le Gaya – Lal Dupatta – Gyan Dutt – Munshi Shams
Bhala Ho Tera O Rula Denewale – Lal Dupatta – Gyan Dutt – Munshi Shams
Main To Rah Gayee Aaj Akeli Re, Mera Koi Nahi – Majboor – Ghulam Haider – Nazim Panipati
Kuchch Bole Ae Do Akhiyaan – Meri Bhabhi – R A Paijankar – Gulshan Jalalabadi
Hum Bhi Jiye Tum Bhi – Meri Bhabhi – R A Paijankar – Gulshan Jalalabadi
Ro Ro Ke Sunate Hain Jo Ham Apana Fasana – Meri Kahani – Datta Koregaonkar – Zia Sarhadi
Sun Le Meri Kahani Ujhadi Hui Jawani – Meri Kahani – Datta Koregaonkar –Zia Sarhadi
Aata Hai Jindagi Mein– Meri Kahani – Datta Koregaonkar –Zia Sarhadi
Mora Jiya Nahin Bas Mein Mora Jiya Nahin Bas Mein – Padmini – Ghulam Haider – Wali Sahab
More Angana Kaga Na Bole – Padmini – Ghulam Haider –Wali Sahab
Aa Jaa Bedardi Balama Ko Ro Ro Pukare – Shaheed – Ghulam Haider – Raja MeNhadi Ali Khan
Nazar Se Mili Hai Nazar Pahle-Pahle – Toote Tare – Shaukat Ali (Nashad)
Armaan Bhare Dil Ko – Toote Tare – Shaukat Ali Nashad
I have not been able to locate soft links to these songs:
Bina Paron Ka Ek Panchchi Udata Dole – Jeene Do – D V Gadkar- Shevan Rizvi
Ham Unko Dekhanewale, Aye Chand Tujhe Kya Dekhen – Jeene Do – Shaukat Hussain (Dehalvi) – Shevan Rizvi
Tore Angana Beech Khada Biran Tora Tujhko Pukare – Jeene Do – Shaukat Hussain (Dehalvi) – Shevan Rizvi
Paigam Garibon Ka De Do Jamane Ko – Jeene Do – Shaukat Hussain (Dehalvi) – Shevan Rizvi
We will take up Solo Songs of Shamshad Begum in our next episodes of the current The Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @ SoY
Shakila, the star of ‘Aar Paar’ and ‘CID’ dies at the age of 82 – She made her debut as a child actor in 1950 and made her breakthrough in Guru Dutt’s ‘Aar Paar’. Born as Badshah Begum on January 1, 1935, Shakila was introduced to cinema by her aunt, who went on to manage the acting careers of Shakila and her sisters Noor, and Nasreen. Shakila’s early appearances include Dastaan (1950), Sindbad the Sailor (1952), Rajrani Damyanti (1952), Aagosh (1953), Shahenshah (1953), Raj Mahal (1953) and Armaan (1953).
We will also take a retrospective look and read Shakila (Shakeela) – Interview – by Nalini Uchil in 1984. the interviewer notes that she had great fun while she worked in films. ……Now, Shakila has no use for awards or trophies. …..And nothing will make her come back into films.).
National film archive adds 162 films to its stash – According to a press release, 125 of the newly acquired films are in their original negative format. These include Mani Kaul’s Uski Roti (1969), SU Sunny’s Kohinoor (1960) starring Dilip Kumar, and Jayant Desai’s Amber (1952) starring Nargis and Raj Kapoor.
1) Those songs which were composed in OP style willingly
2) Those songs composed in OP style due to pressure from producer/distributor
3) Those songs composed in OP style with the intention of cutting OP out
To the Movies Born – that of Asha Parekh’s autobiography. ‘The Hit Girl’, co-authored by Khalid Mohammed
Hindi Songs With Whistling – a list of hindi film songs, where whistling forms a significant part of the song or at times, identity of the song. Not included are the songs having whistling only for a few seconds, may be at the end or the beginning. (e.g. ‘Tum Pukar Lo’ from Khamoshi)
In photos: A Jitendra Arya exhibition captures a budding film industry and a changing nation – Damini Kulkarni – acclaimed photographer Jitendra Arya’s camera was as intrepid and bohemian as its owner, capturing Indian personalities like MF Hussain, Ravi Shankar, and Dilip Kumar, as well as powerful international figures like British Nobel laureate Bertrand Russell, Clement Atlee, and Grace Kelly. Arya’s skill as a portraitist has been compared to the versatility of Yousuf Karsh, who has been widely regarded as one of the best photographers of the 20th Century.
Teesri Kasam – A Story of Love That Meandered to its Dead End – Teesri Kasam – the name given to Maare Gaye Gulfam for its cinematic version – was hailed a classic and collected reasonably well at the box-office though a little too late for its producer – the great poet Shailendra. Vijay Kumar explores the similarities and deviations between Teesri Kasam and Maare Gaye Gulfam, both written by the renowned Hindi literatteur Phanishwar Nath Renu. In this exhaustive critique, he peels the layers off five songs of Teesri Kasam, revealing the deep and profound message they express about the anguish of women in the rural hinterland.
Welcome to September, 2017 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.
Our topic for September 2017 is Industry 4.0. This was a concept that had been mentioned in our July, 2017 post for further discussions in the next issue. We will take a quick look at the first few articles appearing in Google search.
Industry 4.0 – The future of the Factory: The fourth industrial revolution has been introduced in recent years. It’s said that Industry 4.0 is the future of the factory where both the objects, which will be equipped with RFID devices, and the machines, will intelligently to communicate with each other in a secure networked environment. In the smart factory, intelligent machines can perform complex tasks while communicating with other machines. The machines will be able to detect mechanical issues or material shortages and then send instant messages to a live person for immediate troubleshooting.
5 things you should know about Industry 4.0 – Jamie Hinks – First things first – this isn’t a new technology. Nor is it a business discipline. It is in fact a new approach to achieve results that weren’t possible 10 years ago thanks to advancements in technology over the past decade.
Industry 4.0: Building the digital enterprise – This PwC research shows that first movers are transforming into digital enterprises. Industrial companies need to act now to secure a leading position in tomorrow’s complex industrial ecosystems.
Manufacturing’s next act – Cornelius Baur and Dominik Wee – A closer look at what’s behind Industry 4.0 reveals some powerful emerging currents with strong potential to change the way factories work. It may be too much to say that it is another industrial revolution. But call it whatever you like; the fact is, Industry 4.0 is gathering force, and executives should carefully monitor the coming changes and develop strategies to take advantage of the new opportunities.
We back up these this broad overview with a few video clips:
Industry 4.0 – Germany’s 4th industrial revolution
Industrie 4.0 – The Fourth Industrial Revolution
Documentary | The Fourth Industrial Revolution
The next manufacturing revolution is here | Olivier Scalabre
Implementing Industrie 4.0: This is how it works!
The World In 2050 – Future Earth – BBC Documentary 2017
We will now turn to our regular sections:
For the present episode we have picked up one article The 3 Reports Every Manager Should Use To Identify High-Performers @ the column Measuring Performance (People & Enterprise) @ Management Matters Network. The article is an excerpt originally published on Entrepreneur and is from Riaz Khadem and Linda Khadem’s bookTotal Alignment. The Focus Report shows an employee’s performance as it relates to the actual status of each of the process indicators assigned to them. The Feedback Report is a summary of the “good news” and the “bad news” based on the status of your employee’s indicators. It illustrates the factors that have fallen below the unacceptable range in status and those that are above the satisfactory level. Those that fall in between the two are considered in the acceptable range. And the third report is The Management Report, which gives you a quick overview of the highlights of the Feedback Reports of everyone in your pyramid of responsibility, people reporting to you directly as well as indirectly. This approach is “management by exception.”
From Ask The Experts, I have picked up a question – Special Process NCRs During Audit – that relates to a very specific set of qualifications for special processes. The answers are affirmatives Nos, as long as The organization has a process, and if it is effectively implemented that should be satisfactory evidence of conformity.
ASQ CEO, Bill Troyseems to have gone into an irregular mode. Therefore, we will take up one of the recent article post form the ASQ Home page every month now.at present.
We will begin with: Why Customer Service Teams Are Crying Out for Artificial Intelligence. The article presents certain basic advantages and needs to supplement “Why’ of the title of the article. The conclusion of the article sums to message in no uncertain terms: “There is no reason to fear AI, but neither is there any choice. If your business doesn’t utilize the technology, your competitors will. Chatbots and virtual assistants may be limited now, but they’re constantly evolving, and the potential impact they could have on your customer service team is staggering. Experts are all in agreement: AI is here to stay.”
The Role of Specification Limits – Determine if a process is in a state of statistical control- In the previous column Jim Smith discussed the role of specification limits in manufacturing, which led to thoughts about process control limits. When there are data points falling outside the control limits, there is an indication of a special-cause event, so the process should be discontinued until the issue’s root cause has been found and resolved which will then return the process to a state of statistical control. With that said, however, it seems that effective implementation of process control charts remains elusive to many. The control limits provide information about process behavior and have no intrinsic relationship to engineering specifications. Control charts shouldn’t be used without first performing process capability studies to determine the relationship between natural process limits and engineering specification. When capability is known the purpose of control chart limits is to permit simple detection events that are indicative of actual process change. When significant change (special cause variation) is detected the culprit must be identified and eliminated with affected data points eliminated from control chart limit calculation…..Bottom line, after the process capability study has been conducted, engineering specification limits are infrequently consulted by the manufacturing process personnel.
I look forward to your active participation in enriching the blog carnival as we pursue our journey in exploring the happenings across quality management blogs…………
Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.
(Shankar-) Jaikishan and Hasrat Jaipuri’s Songs Fading From the Memory
Septmber happens to be the month of death anniversaries of Jaikishan [Jaikishan Dayabhai Panchal, 4 November 1929 – 12 September 1971] and Hasrat Jaipuri [Iqbal Hussain, April 15, 1922 – September 17, 1999].
Shankar Jaikishan and Shailendra- Hasrat Jaipuri are always spoken in one breath. However, it is said that Jaikishan would normally compose the song that Hasrat Jaipuri would write. There should be n-number of songs of this combination that were loved then, and are loved now too. That has germinated the idea for today’s post – let us bring back, from our Fading Memories, Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs that (Shankar) Jaikishan had composed.. I spanned 14 of SJ-composed films and some HJ-penned 67 songs, in the descending chronological order. Out of these, here are 15 (S)J-HJ songs for which I could not recollect the respective tune when I read the title of the song. Thus there is a personal, yet unintentional, bias in the selection of the songs.
Interestingly, we see a fair predominance of Lata Mangeshkar in this limited collection of 13 songs, covering the period from 1949 to 1953. That, in a way seems to reflect SJ’s marked inclination towards for Lata, among all other female playback singers of that time. It must, however, be recorded here that in comparison to total number of SJ-Lata songs in these 14 films, the numbers that appear is not of significant proportion.
The 14th song is our traditional end-of-the-post-song, a Mohammad Rafi Song. Incidentally, this was the only Rafi song of the 67 that I had ran through before hitting upon a (Shanker)Jaikishan-Hasrat- Rafi song, of course, not considering Main Zindagi Mein Hardam Rota Hi Raha Hun from Barsat.
Here are the songs for the day:
Prem Nagar Mein Basnewalon, Apni Jeet Par Hasnewalon – Barsat 1949 – Lata Mangeshkar
In the standard format of a Hindi song, technically this may not be called a song. However, creative directors like Raj Kapoor very often used the audiovisual effect of a song like recitation to tellingly convey the intent of a situation. Such a demand of the director would pose a great creative challenge to the lyricist and the music director. In this particular instance HJ and Jaikishan have lived up to the challenge. Use of silhouette shots by the cinematographer Jal Mistry adds to the surreal effect.
Khushi To Qaid Mein Hai…Rota Hai Mera Dil Kisko Pukarun Kya Karun – Badal (1951) – Lata Mangeshkar
The song starts on a high-note-prelude-couplet (Sakhi), which was to become one of the signature styles of SJ compositions. The song is filmed on a budding beuty – Madhubala.
Jiyennge Jab Tak Talak Hum Unki Yaad Aayegi…Maine Kya Kiya, Sitam Ye Maine Kya Kiya – Kali Ghata (1951) – Lata Mangeshkar.
The song follows quite difficult composition, but the result is quite mellifluous.
Tumko Apni Zindagi Ka Aasra Samje The Ham… Dil Bequar Hai Mera Dil Bequarar Hai -Nagina (1951) – CH Atma
SJ have experimented with CH Atma’s voice as playback of Nazir Khan.
O Pyar Bhari In Aankhon Ne.. Aaja Tujhko Yaad Kiya – Parbat (1952) – Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Roy
SJ have not used Geeta Dutt as much others in the same period. However, this Lata-Geeta duet has picked up nuances of the vocal chords of both singers. Several pieces of orchestration manifest Jaikishan’s virtuosity of using different instruments quite imaginatively.
Ab To Aa Jao Balam..Furkat Ke Maare Ro Diye –Poonam (1952) – Lata Mangeshkar
Each stanza begins on high-scales with interlude orchestration using ensemble of violins. The song is filmed on Kamini Kaushal.
Apne Bimar-e-Gam Ko Dekh Le, Ho Sake To Aa Ke Dekh Le….Aaja Re Ab Mera Dil Pukara – Aah (1953) – Mukesh, Lata Mangeshkar
Here is a song which was quite popular then, and is now. The reason we have included in this post is the tellingly innovative use of the song in the narrative of the film. The original song is the manifestation of the condition of the loving couple who are getting separated by a queer turn of the circumstances – the hero going away on a long-drawn cure of what was considered near fatal TB to a faraway sanatorium.
The second version is set to a situation where the hero wants go back and meet his beloved, as promised, probably before his life comes to an inevitable end. The version begins from the stanza with which the first version had ended. Lata Mangeshkar joins in Alaap that signals the nearing reunion,
The film track has third version too – Janaaza Dekhne Mera Nikal Aaye…..Aaja Re Ab Mera Dil Pukara. Unfortunately we do not have its separate video clip.
Humko Chhedta Hai Dil,… Kaun Jaane Kya Hua, Tumne Baat Baat Meing Kya Jaadu Kar Diya – Aas (1953) – Lata Mangeshkar
Here is a happy mood song wherein rhythm-supporting bass has been used in the subdued manner. Note a short sweet opening prelude.
Aaj Ki Raat Kabhi Khatm Na Hone Aaye…. Wo Aayenge Khushi Bankar, Baharein Saath Laayenge, Mere Ghar Mein Muhabbat Ke Nazaren Muskarayenge – Aurat (1953) – Lata Mangeshkar
For a change, we have a fast-paced song of a bubbling, happy mood.
Taaron Ko Dil Ki Baat Sunai Tamam Raat…Main Bahron Ki Natkhat Raani, Saari Duniya Mujh Pe Hai Diwani – Boot Polish (1953) – Asha Bhosle
The song has deployed a very rich orchestra for interlude, with sweet pieces of flute thrown in for support. Boot Polish must rank as one of those rare films wherein SJ have not used Lata in any song, solely on the merits of the demands of the film’s narrative! (Absence of Lata in films like Suraj or Mera Naam Joker was on account of very specific differences.)
The song is filmed on Chand Burke.
Hum Unke Paas Aate Hain Wo Ham Se Door Jaate Hain, Tadapkar Dastaan Apni Baharon Ko Sunate Hain – Naya Ghar (1953) – Talat Mahmood
SJ have used Talat Mahmood’s voice so naturally in all the songs where they came together, while retaining their musical style. We have here so sweet gem of Talat Mahmood that my heart pains to put under the omnibus category of Fading Memory songs.
Chamke Bijuriya Garje Megh Mat Ja Re Balam Pardesava – Shikast (1953) – Asha Bhosle, chorus)
SJ have used Asha Bhosle to so sweet effect in this song.
Jaage Mera Dil Soye Zamana – Badshah (1954) – Aparesh Lahiri
It appears to be very fitting to begin the end of this post with a song that is sung by a Bengali singer whose son made a big name in Hindi films in the 90s. The knowledgeable fans of Hindi Film Songs will have correctly guessed name of that 90s Lahiri – Bappi Lahiri.
Aparesh Lahiri and his wife Bansri Lahiri, of course, were famous Bengali singers and musicians in classical music. However, it must be to credit of SJ to have experimented to use Aparesh’s voice here.
We continue the micro-view of Solo Songs of Geeta Roy in the second leg of Solo Songs of Female Playbacksingers for 1948. I had not been to classify any song in the Part 1 of Solo Songs of Geeta Roy as “Popular Song’. Almost the same pattern seems to emerge in this part as well, with one exception.
These songs belong to film Gunsundari, which was simultaneously made in Gujarti too. And the equivalent Gujari songs of the ones that have been presented here is the cause for that exception. I had EP record of these Gujarati songs purchased in 70s, and then when the age of internet dawned, I had located their Hindi Versions.
Nandiya Maare Boli Ke Baan, Balam Main Tumse Na Bolun – Gunsundari – Avinash Vyas – Pt. Indra
Its Gujarati version – Aaj Mari Nandiya Mahenu Maaryun –
Bhabhi O Bhabhi Badalo Thoda Thoda Rang –
Its Gujarati version: Have Thoda Thoda Tame Thoda Thoda Thao Varnagi O Bhabhi Tame Thoda thoda Thao Varnagi
Khoye Hue Ko Dhoondhe Prabhu– Gunsundari – Bulo C Rani –Pt. Indra
And its Gujarti version – Khovaya Ne Kholawa Prabhu– which was composed and written by Avinash Vyas
The two versions of the third song have been comopsed by two different composers as against the same composer in the case of the first two songs. That may perhaps totally different approach to the song compostion of the two versions of the third song.
Dil Bujha Jaata Hai Nashad Hua Jaat Hai – Heer Ranja – Varmaji, Sharmaji – Vali Sahab
Teri Zat Hai Akbari Saravari – Heer Ranjha
[This song has does not have the singer identified in HFGK. I have gone by the identification of the YT uploader.]
Dil Yun Yun Karata Hai Ki Dil Yun Yun Karata Hai – Heer Ranjha
[This song, too, has does not have the singer identified in HFGK. I have gone by the identification of the YT uploader.]
Chubh Gaye Naina Baan More Dil Mein – Hip Hip Hurray – Pt Hanuman Prasad – Moti B.A.
Maine Kya Tha Kiya Jo Bujha Ke Diya Mujhe Rote Andhere Mein – Hip Hip Hurray
[This song, too, not have the singer identified in HFGK. I have gone by the identification of the YT uploader.]
O Ban Ke Azad Panchhi Bhulja Madhuban Mein – Hua Savera – Gyan Dutt – Bhagvati Prasad Bajpeyi
More Man Mein Samaya Hai Pyar Ban Jaaye Koi Pyar Ki Bahaar Mein – Hua Savera – Gyan Dutt – Bhagvati Prasad Bajpeyi
Badalee Hava Khushi Ka Jamana Badal Gaya – Hua Savera – Gyan Dutt – Bhagvati Prasad Bajpeyi
O Ho Ho Jaan Liya Maine Maine Jaan Liya Unhe Pehchan Liya – Hua Savera – Gyan Dutt – Bhagvati Prasad Bajpeyi
Raghuvir Dindayal, Tum Ko Laaj Hamari – Jay Hanuman – Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra
Mohe Raam Naam Dhun Laagi Jug-Jug Ki Preet Jagi – Jay Hanuman – Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra
We will conclude the Solo Songs of Geeta Roy – Part – in our next episode.
In the first episode of the TV serial on CNBC 18, spread over three segments, Devdutt Pattanaik presented to us the most visible form of the business – the corporation : its meaning, its purpose and its action perspective.
The third episode relates to the Business Ethics and Morals. In the first part, a broad spectrum of business ethics and dilemmas of the leader has been covered. In the present, 2nd Part, a closer look at these issues has been taken up, in the perspective of relationship between owner and the organization.
Business Sutra |3.2| Relationship between Owner & Organization
Generally, business ownership can be classified as proprietorship, partnership or a limited liability company. The form, nature and complexity of working of the business have evolved ever since man learnt the barter system. The morality and ethics of a business organization and its owners also evolved in tandem. Then, as the form the State also started evolving, formal and informal legislations and regulations that governed the moral and ethical behavior of the business also entered the co-existing cycle of evolution.
Over the 19th century, scale and nature of the business started tilting more towards the large corporation with (legal) concept of limited liability. That, apparently, put the ownership and the management at an arm’s length and did get formalized under the law. However, that distance also brought the morality and ethics of both, the owners and management, severally and collectively, under my public glare. Like the excesses of East India Company, which prompted London to step in, the behaviour of Gilded Age (end of 19th century period) tycoons spurred new legislation to help modulate America being free-market economy. Today’s entrepreneurs operate in a drastically different world – one that is not only more global, but vastly more competitive, inclusive, regulated…
As the more and more public debate took up the subject of corporation’s moral and ethical behaviour, and the associated role of owner as well as that of the management, more and more literature came to be published w.r.t. the moral ethics of the corporation’s owners – the shareholders – that of its management. However, there is not much of documented literature on internet in so far as moral and ethical relationship of a proprietor partnership form of ownership with the business organization that they operate.
It would be pertinent to remember here that we have not included the subject of Corporate Governance in our present discussion. Of course, that area also has evolved well in last few decades. But it views the subject of morality in ethics more from what ought to be THE corporate governance. We would like to look at the subject more from the point of view of an individual as what he or she perceives as his/her moral role as an owner of the business. I have selected two representative views, representing different points of view here:
Measuring Small Business Owners’ Differences In Moral Thought: Idealism Versus Relativism is a research study to measure small business owners’ differences in moral thought based on idealism and relativism. This is measured by determining the ethical ideological classification of individuals based on Forsyth’s ethical taxonomy. The research followed a quantitative analysis and an online survey questionnaire was used to collect the data from Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) owners in South Africa. The results found that the majority of SME owners fall in the situationist and absolutist category of Forsyth’s ethical taxonomy.
On the other hand, K.P. Kaiser in his post, Personal Morality vs Business Morality looks at the more fundamental need of such business and their entrepreneur /owners. Here is his question: What makes you think you know what’s better than an entire world full of people choosing where to spend their dollars?…. We have representative governments to impose moral order on the market. As a business person, you need to have a second set of morals. Your business morality should look to profit maximization above all else. Because the market doesn’t tell you the ways people imagine a fair world should work. The market tells you the way the world actually works. The beauty of the market is its amoral nature. We aren’t accountable to other people’s ideas of what we should be spending our money on.
Kaiser seems to be more concerned about the stakes – the livelihood – of the individual entrepreneur.
So we quickly take up what Devdutt Pattanaik has to say in Segment 2 of the episode 3 – Relationship between owner and the organization, from the Indian Mythology’s point of view.
The one predominant conflict that exists, at least in the context of business, is the relationship between the owner and the organization, management and ownership. I can find different ways of putting it, but that is the one key area of conflict. It is the one area that all the Western governance rules seem to actually try and control or mitigate. Yet, in India it is the biggest issue that we face when we talk about corporate governance, when we talk about organizational behavior or leadership traits, the whole relationship between the owner and the organization.
In the Western context, the organization is independent of the leader, while in the Indian context the organization is a manifestation of the leader. So Raja and Rajya are integral to each other. This is one fundamental thing.
Now let’s look at it in the form of a story in the Mahabharata, about this very honest person called Yudhisthira. Then we talk about a gambling episode. He gambled his kingdom. I have heard people talking about this episode, but not asking a very fundamental question – was it his? It was Draupadi who asked the question – can he gamble the kingdom? What he and everybody is assuming that she’s asking about her. But she’s actually asking about everything. She says, on what basis has he gambled the kingdom away? Is the kingdom the King’s property?
Why does the kingdom exist, that is the fundamental question? Does it exist to mitigate my fear? Then it’s Adharma. If it is to mitigate my people’s fear, it’s Dharma. How are you mitigating fear – by gambling it away?
That is one extreme example. But if you were to look at modern-day business, the owner, or the promoter is the person who vests the most, invests the most in that business, both from a money point of view and from emotion, energy, risk everything. Why then does he not get, in some sense, stake for the rest of his life and treat this like his kingdom?
In India the relationship of the king and the kingdom was that between a cowherd and a cow. If you see wealth as milk, where does the milk come from? It comes from a cow. What is good milk? Rich in bottom line? or Utterly Buttlerly Milk? The cow that gives that milk is a good cow. Now that cow’s milk belongs to the cowherd or does it belong to the cow?
It belongs to the cow.
There is a nice relationship between the cow and the cowherd. The cowherd takes care of the cow, and in exchange takes a portion of the milk. The king as the cowherd is the keeper of the cow, his kingdom. When a king gives a cow to another man, what has he done? He has given that person a lifetime of food and fuel with that milk and dung. This effectively means that you have given him survival; you have allowed him to live.
In other words, giving away a cow or Godaan, is job creation. I have created a job so that he can sustain himself forever. So the more cows I give, I basically create employment, so that more people can live. Why do they need to live? Otherwise they would be at the mercy of the elements. The great king distributes many cows. But does he own the cow? That relationship is one of trusteeship. He is the trustee of the cow.
This is very simple to understand when there is one king in one cow. If you were to expand it in the context of an organization, let us assume the king is the promoter or the entrepreneur, the founder. But thereafter, the king alone is not able to take care of the cows. The King needs the help of other people. and therefore the right on the milk he gets distributed amongst those other people who also help in taking care of the cow. Has it to be proportional? Should it be distributed disproportionately because it is the king actually who began the entire process of taking care of the cow, and the others came on later? This is the question that constantly gets asked in India – can the promoter undertake actions that benefit himself as the shareholder, and by the way, benefit other shareholders as well ?Because they benefit him, the shareholder, should that be treated as fair or that is not fair? Should all his actions be taken from the other shareholders point of view?
The first thing is – what is fair is subjective. Fairness is a subjective concept. Second, it offered equality. In India you are equal at a soul level. So the soul (Atma) is equal, but the flesh is not.. There are inequalities based on our intellectual make-up, our emotional make-up and our material make-up.
So what you’re saying, then, is that the founder, the promoter, the entrepreneur rightfully deserves more based on the risks and the effort that he has undertaken.
The word right is not an Indian concept. It is duty in Indian concept. Our entire culture is based on the concept of duty. Duties are for the other, right is for the self. So when you ‘this is my right’, you have in a way provoked the animal instinct of territoriality. It is mine. For what? So we’re celebrating the territoriality of our being. Which means we are surviving the animal which is celebrating the animal instinct – the imagination and amplification of fear.
Now the question is no law can say how much is fair. That is for you to figure it out. It is your duty to work out how much are you giving to people. Remember it goes to inner space, inner landscape. No rule can tell me that. You should know that if you give me ten percent it is fair and if you give it twelve percent it is unfair. So the king has to decide. And that’s why the Kings were worshipped. Once upon a time they were put on a pedestal and the Abhishek – coronation, ablution – rituals were performed.
And yet they routinely gambled away their kingdoms or they lost their kingdoms in war which was the desire to expand their kingdoms. So if the relationship between the king and the kingdom was one of trust and trusteeship, we don’t have that many examples of Kings that actually upheld that principle.
This is because you see we are talking about the struggle to be perfect – the struggle to be human not even perfect, the struggle to step out of an animal desire, to dominate our animal desire to be territorial. 99% of our being is animal the struggle is to make 99 into 98. You never overcome your animal. If at you can do it, then you will be a living of god.
Can we make 99 into 98? That’s the Indian – introspective- method. Rules will domesticate animals. It will not fix your animal.
The episode seems to end, rather abruptly. In a way, that is because the 3rd part follows immediately and continues the link. However, if we look at the end as a poser to the question – Can we make 99 into 98?- , it provides us the food to ponder over our role of the owner and our relationship with organization that we run.
The laws of Corporate Governance are the rules that may domesticate the animal within us. But only we, with our own inner strength of our moral and ethical values, can really undertake the task of making 99 % of our animal-self into 98% animal. Be that in the capacity of proprietor or partner or the shareholder, or even that of the management.
In our next session, we will take up the further extension of the topic – Ramayana vs. Mahabharat – the two differing points of views of the Core Principles – Dharm – in the 3rd segment of the Third Episode of Devdutt Pattanaik’s TV serial Business Sutra.
Note: The images used in this post are the irrevocable property of their respective creator. They have been taken up courtesy the internet, so as to illustrate the point under discussion.