Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – January, 2019

Welcome to January, 2019 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

Let us Swing into the New Year with Swing a song of sixpence on a swaying spree of ‘jhoola’ songs with Ashwin Bhandarkar.

Mrinal Sen: The Man Who Fought Through Cinema – Bhuvan Shiome, the sophisticated satire’s runaway success not only created cine-history, it created an entire generation of cine-maestros…showing a multifaceted India on the silver screen.

For the micro-level review of the film please read on Bhuvan Shome (1969).

Some more tributes to Mrinal Sen, on

This is also the birth centenary year of Kaifi Azmi. Tabla maestro Ustad Zakir Hussain, singer-composer Shankar Mahadevan, lyricist Javed Akhtar, actor Shabana Azmi and filmmaker Feroz Abbas Khan have come together for a ‘Raag Shayari’ to mark Kaifi Azmi’s centenary celebrations

We take a look at a retrospective by Rajya Sabha channel – Remembering Kaifi Azmi

On Kaifi Azmi’s centenary year, Garm Hava writer Shama ZaidiAaj ki Raat Bahut Garm Hawa Chalti Hai – Kaifi Azmi recites for Balraj Sahni

Shakeel-Naushad: Classy Confluence, Seamless Flow – 2 – After exploring the Shakeel – Naushad initial phase in the Part 1, Vijay Kumar now delves into their combined work from Mughl-e-Azam.

Bharat Vyas – The Prolific Lyricist – I and Bharat Vyas – The Prolific Lyricist – II is a series of tributes to the lyricist in his centenary birth year.

OP Nayyar, the Music Maestro Who Regretted Nothing, is republished to mark OP Nayyar’s birth anniversary. Listen to OP Nayyar jukebox here.

Remembering poet and lyricist Neeraj, who gave us some great lyrics and enduring ideas – On his 94th birth anniversary, flashbacks to the time Neeraj escaped death thrice and his views on Hindi film music.

Shailendra Sharma @ Golden Era of Bollywood has posted following memorial tribute posts:

The flashback series: why you should watch Kala Bazar with its celebrity cameos, vivid sound design, and an early glimpse of Vijay Anand as director and actor

Pancham And His Jalpari – Tale Of Choral Tail –The previous Jalpari article relates to the lovely buildup of the emotion / yearn of the beloved, as lovingly detailed as a mermaid’s cute face/ mukhada in RDB songs. The present sequel takes up the tale of the choral tail, the tail that follows as smoothly after the mukhada as the aqua-dynamic as the shape of the tail of the mermaid, an apt example is the improvised sad version of Saagar Kianre

‘Do Gaz Zameen Ke Neeche’Imtiaz Khan, elder son of actor Jayant, played played important roles in many hit films like ‘Yaadon Ki Baaraat’, ‘Dharmatma’, ‘Zakhmi’, ‘Zorro’, ‘Kala Sona’, ‘Kabeela’ and ‘Darwaza’., but his first love was film direction.

From Left Imtiaz, Jayant, Amjad

January, 2019 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs is second article in the series of annual article series on Jaidev: Brilliant, But Underrated Composer. The present article covers less remembered songs of unknown films from 1964 to 1970. For the records, we had covered his take-off years of 1955 to 1963 last year.

We also have another article, JAIDEV- A composer with the highest number of unreleased films, in which he had composed some gems

And, now the posts on other subjects:

Welcomed with Arrows – Arrows and bows are called teer and kamaan respectively in Hindustani language. They are also called baan and dhanush. Our poets have used teer and baan as metaphors in poetry, both to ignite love—in the Cupid way—as well as to injure it. The post checks out these songs from our films, which make an early reference to such ammunition:

Greatness in the shadow of the giants: Pandit Shyam Sundar – Shyam Sundar was not only central to the career of the three greatest singers, Noorjehan, Lata Mangeshkar and Rafi, he takes the sole credit for Sulochana Kadam’s fame. Shyam Sundar’s career was short, spanning about 14 years (1939-1953) in which he gave music for only 4 Punjabi and 20 Hindi films. He died prematurely in 1953.

The Irony of an Iron Building – One wonders how the word hotel became a substitute for an eatery in Hindustani parlance, with names like one finds names like Ram Bharose Hindu Hotel or Allah Bux Hotel being ubiquitously seen across towns in India. The post recalls the song engaging with this idea,

Aao Hamar Hotel Mein Chai Piyo Ji GaraM Garam, Biscuit Khalo Naram Naram – Kundan (1955) – S D Batish, Sudha Malhotra – Ghulam Mohammad – Shakeel Badayuni

Shehnai (1947) and a Sad Video About the River in the “Chhuk Chhuk Chhaiya Chhaiya” SceneThe clean, fragrant, and sweet waters that the song talked about have long since lost their spirit. Today, the Kandivli ‘nullah’ bears an ominous look.

More Than Meets the Eye – What is it about sunglasses that is so cool? Why is it that they are seen more as style accessories than as protection for the eyes? When did they transform from a thing of function to one of fashion? In any case, Hindi films have a known tradition of actors who were seen wearing sunglasses in a song. The post lists such songs.

We will take a quick look at these guest posts, before we move over to the curtain call for the present episode:

In our tradition of ending our post with article on Mohammad Rafi or a topical song of his, I have picked up a few songs, each one of which basically has a link with the topics discussed in the present post.

Chand Ki Sundar Nagri Mein Pariyon Ki Raani Raheti Thi – Dholak (1951) – with Uma Devi and Chorus – Shyam Sundar – Aziz Kashmirir

Koi Ek Ana Koi Do Ana Koi Ten Ana Koi Char Ana – Dhun (1953) – with Satish Batra, Madan Mohan, Babul – Madn Mohan – Bharat Vyas

Ishq Mein Mere Kya Kaya Junoon Ki – Khunus (Unreleased) – Jaidev – Bahadur Shah Zafar

Wo Teer Dil Pe Chala Jo Teri Kaman Main Hai.… – Aarti (1962) – with Asha Bhosle – Roshan – Majrooh Sultanspuri.

Nain Mila Ke Pyar Jata Ke Aaj Na Ja Tu –  Mera Bhai Mera Dushman (1967) – With Jagjit Kaur – Khayyam – Kaifi Azmi

Jinke Pas Haathi Ghoda Inke Pas Dil Thoda – Dil Ka Raja (1970) – with Asha Bhosle and Manna Dey – R D Burman – Mahrooh Sultanpuri

I earnestly solicit your inputs for further broad-basing our cache for the content for our carnival of blogs on the Golden Era of Hindi film music.

Disclaimer: This monthly series of posts is my best-effort-based compilation of posts on Hindi film songs that I normally visit regularly. As I record my sincere thanks to all the original creators of these posts, any other posts that I have nor covered herein shows my lack of awareness of existence of such posts and is by no means any disrespect to their work. The copyrights to the posts, images and video clips remain the properties of the original creators.

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – January, 2019

Welcome to January, 2019 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

We plan to explore the subject of Quality Management – Road Ahead to Digital Transformation for the year 2019 by taking up brief, indicative, discussions on the different related issues every month.

We will begin first with The Basics of Digitization, Digitalization and Digital Transformation in our present episode of January, 2019.

Digitization refers to creating a digital representation of physical objects. Computer systems can then use it for various use cases.

Digitalization refers to enabling, improving or transforming business process by leveraging digital technologies and digitized data. That means that digitalization presumes digitization.

Digital transformation is the profound transformation of business activities, competencies, and business models to fully leverage the opportunities of digital technologies..[1]

In other words: Digitizing information makes the data easy to access, making it more efficient than when it was analog. Digitalization of a business process is use of technology to improve or transform it with the aim to generate more revenue and / or to reduce costs. Digital transformation is designing new ways of doing things that generate new sources of value. It is more related to effectiveness. Also, it encompasses all of the enterprise, not just a specific process or function. [2]

The difference between “Digitization”, “Digitalization” and “Digital Transformation” is explained in the chart herebelow:[3]

Digitalization, though, has different meaning to different people. On one hand, J. Scott Brennen and Daniel Kreiss of University of North Carolina School of Media and Journalism refer to digitalization as the way in which many domains of social life are restructured around digital communication and media infrastructures. On the other hand, according to Gartner, digitalization is the use of digital technologies to change a business model and provide new revenue and value-producing opportunities,

Digital Transformation is not the sum of all the digitalization projects going on in the organization at any given time. In reality, digital transformation requires the organization to deal better with change overall, essentially making change a core competency as the enterprise becomes customer-driven end-to-end.

In the final analysis, therefore, we digitize information, we digitalize processes and roles that make up the operations of a business, and we digitally transform the business and its strategy. Each one is necessary but not sufficient for the next, and most importantly, digitization and digitalization are essentially about technology, but digital transformation is not. Digital transformation is about the customer. [4]

The Digital Transformation of a Business presents enormous opportunities for innovation and competitive advantages, which will require a complete rethinking of the organization: cultural, strategic, technological, operational changes … t will be necessary to respond to the new business models supported by new automated business processes that allow to offer the new offer of products and services to its customers.[5]

Digitization (the conversion), digitalization (the process) and the digital transformation (the effect) therefore accelerate and illuminate the already existing and ongoing horizontal and global processes of change in society.[6]

Layers of Digital Transformation for organizational considerations

In our next episode we will take a closer look at Digital Quality Management.

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up article, Where Most Companies Go Wrong In Digital Transformation @ Competitive Strategy topic of Management Matters Network, by Peter Bendor-Samuel, CEO of Everest Group ….the mind-set of managing digital transformation as an event, rather than a multi-year journey, is where most companies go wrong. Success requires change in two key aspects: it must be budgeted and managed differently.

We now watch two videos of the ASQ TV, which are relevant to the topic of our discussions during the yea :

  • Quality and Technology – This episode talks about how quality and technology can be woven together. Author Sunil Kaushik has found ways to use virtual reality applications to enhance current processes. Bill Hathaway says agile process helps process design keep up with technological advances.

“Virtual Reality for Quality”, Sunil Kumar V. Kaushik, 2017

Full Interview with Bill Hathaway

  • Digital Transformation – When we hear terms like Industry 4.0 and Quality 4.0, they may seem too broad for you and your organization to be able to take any specific action. Where do you start? One place to start is by doing what’s called a digital transformation.

Quality Experience Telemetry

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems posting for December, 2018 is:

  1. Pursuit of Customer Satisfaction is not just about what is required to make improvement happen. It is also about the need to be dissatisfied with the status quo, to cause the organization to continuously seek change, and to stimulate the restlessness for the pursuit of improvement…It is part of management’s responsibility to keep the process of the pursuit as simple as possible, to maintain relevancy, and to keep the effort on track. If this doesn’t happen, the organization will likely become confused and improvement efforts fragmented and ineffective.
  2. Expectations, in simple terms, are a strong belief that something will happen sometime soon or in the future…However, many people don’t realize that expectations also serve as a self-fulfilling prophecy. A self-fulfilling prophecy is an event that, because it is predicted and expected, is therefore more likely to happen, and even caused to happen…Norman Vincent Peale, the late American minister and author famous for his concept of positive thinking, said, “We tend to get what we expect.”

I look forward to receive your inputs / suggestions that can further enrich our discussions on the subject of Digitalization in the Quality Management

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

[1]  What is Digital Transformation, Digitalization, and Digitization –  Amancio Bouza, PhD

[2]  Digital transformation of Procurement : a good abuse of language?

[3]  Digital Business Models and Platform Economy

[4]   Digitization, Digitalization, And Digital Transformation: Confuse Them At Your Peril

[5]  Process Digitalization in Digital Transformation

[6]  Leadership in the Digital Age – a study on the effects of digitalization on top management leadership – Shahyan Khan

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: January, 2019

Jaidev: Brilliant, But Underrated, Composer:  Journey from 1964 to 1970 – Jaidev’s music remains unscathed in less remembered songs of unknown films

We have been co-travelling the musical journey of Jaidev (a.k.a.  Jaidev Varma; B: 3 August 1919 – D : 6 January 1987) in this month of death anniversary, starting from the last year. We had covered the films from 1955 to 1963 last year..

By the end of this period, Jaidev’s career had seemed to attain the required escape velocity to go into the orbit of sustained commercial success. But, the fate had some other designs in its store. During the making of Mujhe Jeene Do, he had a bitter difference of opinion with Sahir Ludhyanavi, with whom he had created the two last masterpieces – Hum Dono and Mujhe Jeene Do. And then, Navketan was (reportedly) coerced to revert to S D Burman for Guide (1965), which turned out to be an all-round success.

With no (so-called) big banner under his fold, he was forced to take up work for low budget films. However, post-Mujhe Jeene Do, his music perhaps lost that ‘melody’  which gives the music a ‘mass’ touch, even though his compositions, still, were of an exalted order – soulful and sublime, spiritual and transcendental, ethereal and heavenly. In Hindi film industry, such music directors get cast for low-budget films. Jaidev could not emerge as an exception.

As may be observed in this episode, his elaborate compositions for smaller films found a smaller audience and yet Jaidev continued to give of his best in every film he worked on. Many of his best compositions are lost in unfinished films and albums. Though he is the only music director to have received three national wards for music in Hindi Films, as a music composer, he never properly received his due and was passed over many times for others, but his film scores linger on in the deep in our memories.

Presently, we continue with Jaidev’s musical journey from the year 1964 to 1970…….

Naihar Chhootal Jaaye (1964)

This is a Bhojpuri film. The one song that I could locate is thanks to Atul’s Song a Day.

Jiyara Kasak Masak Mor Rahe Laagal – Mohammad Rafi – Lyrics: Shailendra

We have a lilting, light songs from Jaidev. To many a Rafi fans, the song may not be totally unknown.

The songs has a Asha Bhosle version too. The subtle change in the composition that reflects the inherent feelings of a male and a female respectively strikingly comes to our notice.

Hamare Gam Se Mat Khelo (1967)

This one is also an obscure, low budget, film which has six songs, spanning singers like Talat Mahmood, Geeta Dutt, Asha Bhosle, Mahendra Kapoor and Krishna Kalle.

Ye Khamoshi Kyu Ye Madhoshi Kyu – Geeta Dutt – Lyrics: Nyay Sharma

This is the only song that Jaidev has recorded with Geeta Dutt,based on a western style composition, which is also a rarity for Jaidev. Geeta Dutt sounds as lively as she was in ‘40s.

Ye Bahar Ka Sama Karar Ka Sama Nikhar Ka Sama Kho Na Dena – Mahendra Kapoor – Krishna Kalle – Lyrucs: Nyay Sharma

Even if the singers seem to have been chosen to fit into the shoe-string budget, Jaidev maintains his touch in the composition. The composition has inherent melody to listen to, but is difficult to hum with.

Ansoo Chuupaye Aankh Mein, Khoon-e-Jigar Piya Karun – Talat Mahmood –  Lyrics: Shireeh

This is fairly known song. The composition has a typical Jaidev touch – probably little difficult hum along, but certainly very melodious to the ears. Such songs do not become very popular, but are not easily forgotten too.

Kahiye Kya Hukam Hai, Main Pyar Karoon Ya Na Karoon, Kahiye Kya Hukam hai – Asha Bhosle – Lyrics Nyay Sharma

Essentially this is a mujra song.. The composition is set to rather difficult style.

Jiyo Aur Jeene Do (1969)

This is the only films wherein Jaidev and Hasrat Jaipuri team up together.

Main to Kar Kar Binati Haari Re – Suman Kalyanpur – Lyrics: Hasrat Jaipuri

Here is another song which is rare – from the point of view of hardly being heard, being a maiden song of Jaidev-Suman Kalyanpur combination and being a song which is as melodies as a Jaidev or a Suman Kalyanpur song will always be.

Ye Dharati Hamari Dharati Hai,Hum Isko Swarg Banayenge – Manna Dey, Sulakshana Pandit –  Lyrics: Hasrat jaipuri

The composition and bass orchestration are literally down to earth, in spite of the inherent complexity of the tune.

Aaj Ki Raat Bas Jalwa Dikhane Ke Liye – Mohammad Rafi – Lyrics: Hasrat jaipuri

Here is a composition that is complex, but sounds so appealing in Mohammad Rafi’s voice.

Roop Ki Dhoop to Dhal Ke Rahegi –Mohammad Rafi – Lyrics: Hasrat jaipuri

The prelude and interlude pieces suggest that the song would be a street song

Sapna (1969)

One more obscure film, not much known lyricist, and yet, Jaidev holds the fort.

Anadi Mor Balma .. Achar Dhar Thunke – Laxmi Shankar – Lyrics: V N Mangal

Jaidev experiments using voice of classical singers for his semi-classical songs.

Ae Meri Majbutr Zindagi.. Chal Ri Kahin Chal Tu Zindagi – Manna Dey – Lyrics: V N Mangal

Even though we have audio track of the song, the rhythm leaves no doubt that the song would have been sung while travelling on a cart, which was a very-well experimented genre in those days.

Mujh Se Mat Rootho, Na Na Rootho Meri Jaan Chali Jaayegi  – Mohammad Rafi – Lyrics: V N Mangal

A fast-paced, rootahana-manana’ genre song that shows that Jaidev can also do that any other commercially successful music director could do !

A twin version in the voice of Krishna Kalle, which has some obvious variation to reflect the rendition by the female counterpart of a roothana manana situation.

This episode has so large a share of Mohammad Rafi songs that I could have done away with the tradition of ending the episode with a Rafi song. However, I find two unreleased film songs in Mohammad Rafi’s voice.

Ek Bulbulaa Paani Ka (1970, Unreleased)

Teen Taal Par Naach .. Budhape, Bachpan aur Jawani Ke.. Rang Hazaron – Mohammad Rafi – Lyrics: Kaifi Azmi

Jaidev presents Mohammad Rafi in a soulful bhajan.

Shaadi Kar Lo (1970, Unrelased)

Na Tum Haton Na Hum Hatein  – Mohammad Rafi and Parveen Sultana – Lyrics : Jan Nisaar Akhtar

We have a very rare qawwali from Jaidev, wherein he has daringly experimented with voice of Parveen Sultana.

Normally, we do not add any commentary in any episode, after we come to the end of the episode with Mohammad Rafi songs. However, I would seek to make an exception in the present case.

I have a confession to make. After re-visiting the songs from the last episode, when I started listing the films from Jaidev’s filmography, I had a feeling that I should be lucky if I can choose at least one song from each of these totally obscure film.

However, as soon as I started listening to these songs, I started realizing what a gross under- judgement I had made about the genius that is Jaidev. Each song is worth listening repeatedly. Each song has its own unique composition, set to different styles, has used different singers and has been penned by different lyricist. Hence, I have chosen to post YT video of each song here even at the cost of making the song a little larger in the quantity of number of songs.

Also, I have recorded elsewhere my feeling that Jaidev has not done much work with Mohammad Rafi, after Mujhe Jeene Do. That impression also goes out of the window here.

On that note, I now look forward to Jaidev’s creations in ‘70s, even more eagerly in our next episode next year.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Business Sutra |9.2| Creation of Hierarchy

Business Sutra |9| Discrimination

We have covered five episodes of Devdutt Pattanaik’ TV serial on CNBC 18:  Business Sutra.

The subject of Episode 9 is Discrimination. In order to decode this complex problem, Devdutt Pattanaik takes up gender discrimination in the 1st segment.

Business Sutra |9.2| Creation of Hierarchy

With the help of Wikipedia, we first take a quick look at the basics relating to the term: Hierarchy:

The definition of hierarchical is something that is organized in terms of rank, or where rigid distinctions of power are identified and complied with.

A hierarchy (from the Greek hierarkhia, “rule of a high priest”, from hierarkhes, “president of sacred rites”) is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being “above”, “below”, or “at the same level as” one another. Hierarchy is an important concept in a wide variety of fields, such as philosophy, mathematics, computer science, organizational theory, systems theory, and the social sciences (especially political philosophy).

And we will now look at what we can see what the terms Social Hierarchy or Organization Hierarchy should tell us:

Social hierarchy: A fundamental aspect of social organization that is established by fighting or display behavior and results in a ranking of the animals in a group. Social, or dominance, hierarchies are observed in many different animals, including insects, crustaceans, mammals, and birds. In many species, size, age, or sex determines dominance rank. Dominance hierarchies often determine first or best access to food, social interactions, or mating within animal groups… Social hierarchies provide a means by which animals can live in groups and exploit resources in an orderly manner. In particular, food can be distributed among group members with little ongoing conflict. Another motivation for group living is mutual defense. Even though subordinates receive less food or have fewer opportunities to mate, they may have greatly increased chances of escaping predation.

A hierarchical organization is an organizational structure where every entity in the organization, except one, is subordinate to a single other entity. This arrangement is a form of a hierarchy. In an organization, the hierarchy usually consists of a singular/group of power at the top with subsequent levels of power beneath them.

We have one article which sounds nearer to the title of the topic of discussion today:

Why Hierarchies ThriveHarold J. Leavitt – Back in 1989, Peter Drucker predicted that the businesses of the future would be modeled on a symphony like Mahler’s Eighth∗, where a single conductor leads more than 1,000 musicians and singers without any intermediaries or assistants. A decade later, Gifford Pinchot asserted that hierarchical organizations “based on dominance and submission” would soon be replaced by communities that are more appropriate to our high-tech times and postmodern selves… But the truth is that in almost any large organization, the boss’s whim, no matter how absurd, becomes law. Hierarchy remains the basic structure of most, if not all, large, ongoing human organizations. Many of the large organizational “dinosaurs” have demonstrated impressive adaptability. More important, though, hierarchies deliver real practical and psychological value. On a fundamental level, they don’t just enslave us, they also fulfill our deep needs for order and security. And they get big jobs done. It seems more sensible to accept the reality that hierarchies are here to stay and work hard to reduce their highly noxious byproducts, while making them more habitable for humans and more productive as well.

So, it is time now to look at what Indian mythology has to on the subject, as interpreted by Devudtt Pattanaik, in Segment 2 – Creation of Hierarchy – of the episode 9.

If, as per mythology, male and female both are equal where the gender discrimination comes from? If genders were used only to represent ideas, if the male form was used to represent mind and leadership and the female to represent matter and organizations then who vitiated this atmosphere of equality and decided that one was lesser than the other.

Inequality is a human construct. In nature everybody is equal. Nature treats everybody equally. If you are fit, you will survive, if you’re not fit you will not survive.  So nature is the great equalizer. The bowl of rice treats man the same way as it will treat a woman.  It will satisfy the hunger of the hungry man as it will satisfy the hunger of hungry woman.  So nature is the great equalizer, but human beings have constructed culture. Now, while we created culture why did we create culture: to be better than animals, to be more involved. In the process, something went wrong. The animals need to dominate, and so do humans, too.

So we have not fully given up or shared our animal skin?

Yes, so to speak. But why do animals want to dominate? They want to dominate to survive. Because if they dominate they have access to more food, etc. Why do humans want to dominate? Because they want for the survival of their imagination, their imaginary self that they have where they want to feel more important than others. Therefore, what we do in culture is that we create structures which give one group of people a more dominant position than others.

What are the methods to create this?  It is what we call a pyramid. We create a pyramid, say on the basis of color, or gender or birth…

Does mythology give sanction to discrimination of whether it is gender discrimination or cast based or birth based ,discrimination based on where you were born or how you were born or who you were born to?

As I have said repeatedly, in every show of mine, mythology is not prescriptive, it is reflective.  What does it reflect upon? It reflects that any society anywhere in the world, not just Indian society or African society, society of the Anglo-Indians, that of the Native Americans, or of the Europeans or for that matter, that of Australians, any society in the world that has a culture will have a hierarchy. There is a purusha sukta, which comes in the Rigveda one of the earliest hymns written in India which describes the organization, any organization whether it is an organization like company a corporate organization or a social organization, every organization is actually an organism and the organism has many parts. Each part is unique, in its identity and is different from the other part. It recognizes inequality because the inequality depends on the measure that you have. If I measure people on the basis of intellect, some people have more intellect some people have less intellect. If I measure society on the basis of emotions, some people are more emotional, some people less emotional. If I measure people on the basis of physical strength then some people have more physical strength and some people have less physical strength. Now which is better? Which of these three parameters is considered a superior?

More.. always..

But more of which one?

It depends on what the need of the hour.

That’s right – on the need of the hour. So, the mythology, and in Hindu mythology, the Rig Veda’s the purusha sukta acknowledges this fact. It acknowledges that there exists a hierarchy in every organization. We may use of the term it as not hierarchy, let us call that as difference. There are two different words.

An organism, as an organism, has a head, a torso, hands and feet.  The intellectual portion was considered the head, the thinker or the thinking part. The part that gets things done or the planner or the executive part was the hand. There was the part which focused on the value, the financial value of an organization which measured things constantly, where things are checked; you could call that the control systems. There are that actually got you moving from point A to point B, without which there would be no movement – that is the labor or it could be the people who execute. So you can look at this as a corporate organization – you have the design cell which designs and strategizes, you have the planning cell, you have the control cell and you have the execute cell. If one part functions better than the other the organization will not succeed. You need every part to work together.

Now, what happens is somewhere along the line one part takes greater importance than the other. So imagine a company where the finance was more powerful and the HR is ignored. It will be very strange organization, where everything is about control control control and nothing about human beings. Imagine the company where the strategic department takes all the credit, then the implementation will be terrible. That’s the biggest problem of the 21st century. If you read all the books in the market, they talk about implementation. If only implementation is focused on and strategy is not looked at, then long term will suffer. If there is strategy and implementation but no planning, there will be complete chaos in the organization.

So every part is important. But the fact is differences are there. This is where the problem starts, when one part gets more importance than the other. Then the differences gives rise to hierarchy.  We must always remember that acknowledgement of difference does not mean that it is a sanction for discrimination.

For various reasons, hierarchy has existed in the human ecosystem, as narrated so succinctly in The George Orwell’s Animal Farm’s quote – “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.”  As with many other things, the human beings have abused it. It may be very slight, benign or need-based to begin with, as narrated in Aldous Huxley’s The Brave New World. But over the years that abuse has taken the fully negative form and the hierarchy has become the discrimination. So much so, that today, more one tries to remove that discrimination, a discrimination of other type crops up on the other side.

In our continuing journey of Devdutt Pattanaik’s TV serial Business Sutra, we will move on to the third segment Caste: The Death of Brahmin of 9th Episode, the Discrimination, in our next episode.

Note: The images used in this post are the irrevocable property of their respective creator. They have been taken up courtesy the internet, so as to illustrate the point under discussion.

Mahler: Symphony No. 8 / Bernstein · Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra