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Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – April 2020

Welcome to April 2020 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

April was the month of COVID-19 induced nation-wide lockdown. So here are two posts on the subject:

Lockdown Lyrics: Songs for Covid-19 Times is a bunch of upbeat songs that, in some way or the other, relate to this lockdown. Enjoy!

Here a few representative ones :

My Favourites: Songs of Sickness looks at the songs that have the medical interpretations of the lyrics that would make for some interesting illnesses, e.g.

  1. Chhuo Na Chhuo Na Alabele Mere Saiyan – Honeymoon (1960)- Sabita Banerjee, Mukesh – Salil Chowdhury – Shailendra

.“Guide, The Film: Perspectives” – Lata Jagtiani & Other Writers | Blue Pencil, New Delhi, 2019 | ISBN: 978-81-939555-2-9 – review is a good by-product of COVID-19 lockdown. A quote by RK Narayan, pointedly mentioned in the post, has all the more relevance in these times – loneliness is the only truth in life. The post also adds a very perceptive conclusion that “Marco discards Rosie, who, in turn, discards Raju, and, finally, Raju discards the physical world to self-actualise”, because there is room for only one at the peak of self-actualisation.

And then there is one for the children too, in the form of a list of some of the best children’s movies @ CHILDREN’S MOVIES TO SEE DURING LOCKDOWN

We pick up other tributes and memories:

The immortal voice: The echoing memories of KL Saigal on his birth anniversary – Sharad Dutt offers a tribute to KL Saigal on his 116th birth anniversary (4 April 1904 to 18 January 1947). A film career that merely lasted fifteen years (1932-1946), K L SAigal performed in just about 36 films and rendered about 185 songs in Hindi, Urdu, Persian, Punjabi, Bangla and Tamil, thus proving the dictum that it’s not the extensiveness but the intensity of those renderings that bequeaths the mantle of immortality.

[N.B. – For those who would like to know more about Sharad Dutt , here is Guftagoo with Sharad Dutt.  Sharad Dutt has authored a national award winning book, Kundan: Saigal’s Life and Music, which has  a treasure of  archival records, rare photographs and posters of Saigal’s films.]

Versatile musical genius – Kamal Dasgupta – Sharad Dutt – With a career of about fourteen years, Dasgupta have approximately 8,000 songs under his belt including 80 Bengali movies – his unique contribution was the invention of a shorthand method for swaralipi

Anuradha, or the musical genius of Pandit Ravi Shankar, Lata Mangeshkar and Shailendra – Music is in every frame of Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s film, and the soundtrack is the kind that stays in one’s head for a long time. Anuradha won the National Award for the Best Feature Film and was nominated for a Golden Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival. To mark the 100th birth anniversary of Pt. Ravi Shankar, it would be fittingly appropriate to spend time with the music of Anuradha.

Veteran Actress Nimmi No MoreYesteryear actress Nimmi (a.k.a. Nawab Banoo) breathed her last on 26th March, 2020 evening in Mumbai. She was 88 years old.

We have two posts in a homage to the career of Nimmi –

The isolation of Bhuvan Shome is all too real in a time of social distancing – The thing about Bhuvan Shome is that actually, very little happens. In terms of its actual plot, the 96-minute Hindi movie, adapted from a Bengali story by Banaphool, could easily be a 20-minute short film. But then it wouldn’t be the classic it is, the movie that pioneered an entire cinematic movement. As a tribute to Utpal Dutt’s 91st birth anniversary, watch Bhuvan Shome not only for the pioneering example of cinema it is, but also for its strangely beautiful depiction of a different kind of loneliness.

Ranjit Chowdhry (1955-2020): ‘Khoobsurat’ and ‘The Office’ actor dies at 65 – Across three decades, Chowdhry worked with Basu Chatterjee, Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Mira Nair, and Deepa Mehta.He passed away in Mimbai 0n 15-4-2020

Ranjit Chowdhry in Last Holiday (2006). | Paramount Pictures

Johnny Walker: Comedy’s Humane Face – Johnny Walker (a.k.a. Badruddin Jamaluddin Kazi) worked under a strict self-imposed regimen as to his demeanour. He was never loud. He never took recourse to slapstick and was never vulgar. He became another name for comedy in Hindi cinema. And if there were ever an idol to symbolize mirth and laughter, it would not be surprising if it resembles Johnny Walker in appearance.

Remembering Satyajit Ray: The Rare Master of All Trades – Though the world chiefly knows him as the creator of some of the most elegant films ever made, he was also a multi-talented mind.

Shailendra Sharma @ Golden Era of Bollywood has posted following memorial tribute posts:

Jawani Diwani was candyfloss Bollywood, but it turned many stereotypes on their head – To mark Balraj Sahni’s death anniversary (13-04-1973), here’s a throwback to Jawani Diwani, a movie that he is not known for, but that would be poorer without him. it is his character upon whom the wheel of Jawani Diwani turns. His is not the lead role, but it is the one that makes the gossamer-thin plot move forward, and he plays it with the restraint and dignity we all know him for.

In our Manna Dey birth centenary series, after Manna Dey and his contemporary lead actors, we have taken up the last of Manna Dey’s Comedy Songs. For Mehmood

March 2020  episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs takes up Hasrat Jaipuri – Beyond Shankar Jaikishan: 1958. Till now, we have covered :

The songs from 1950 to 1953 in 2017,

The songs from 1953 to 1955. In 2018, and

The songs from1956 -1957 in 2019

We will now take up the articles on other subjects:

Amar Prem tells the story of relationships that have no name but the power to break hearts – Not Shakti Samanta, Rajesh Khanna or Sharmila Tagore — it was Anand Bakshi’s lyrics that gave this movie its soul.

Baaja that was Harmonium that was Music – Indian music has a history of a strange love-hate relationship with the harmonium. The present post presents songs which has visually appealing presence of Harmonium. I have picked up one song from this post here:

‘Mera Sundar Sapna Beet Gaya’ – Filmistan Studio – It as a banner which with its wonderful music based high quality movies mesmerized its viewers leaving an indelible imprint on their minds. It was this banner which gave us ace composers like S D Burman(Shikari, 1946) and Hemant Kumar (Anand Math, 1952) and well-known producer-director like Subodh Mukherjee. The beautiful and bubbly actress of the 1950s, Shyama had also made her debut as a heroine under this banner. Hindi Cinema’s first totally western music inspired song – Aana Meri Jaan Meri Jaan Sunday Ke Sunday  – was also made under this banner.

Revisiting ‘Yehi Sach Hai’, the short story that inspired ‘Rajnigandha’books to film  –  Nirupama Kotru – Manu Bhandari’s Yehi Sach Hai was published in 1966. Basu Chatterjee’s Rajnigandha, the 1974 movie based on Yehi Sachi Hai, waters down some of Bhandari’s more radical ideas, while retaining its core themes – a woman’s romantic dilemma, and her quest for a well-paying job.

A Rivière of Asha Bhosle – S D Burman Gems- Her transformation from Geeta-esque Asha to a complete playback singer with her own adaptable style is clearly seen under the baton of S D Burman. E.g.. Dil Ki Manzil Kuchh Aisi Hai Manzil – Tere Ghar Ke Samne (1963) – S D Burman – Hasrat Jaipuri

How film composers have used raag Maand to express love and longing – In Hindi cinema, both SD Burman (Piya Tose Naina Laage Re, Guide, 1965) and Naushad (Bachpan Ki Mohabbat – Baiju Bawra, 1952) picked Maand for situations that expressed passion.

We end the post with a few songs of Mohammad Rafi, each one of which basically has a link with the topics discussed in the present post, we have picked up:

Jaane Kahan Gayee Dil Mera Le Gayi Woh – Dil Apna Aur Pree Paaryi (1960) – Mohammad Rafi – Shankar Jiakishan – Shailendra

Phir Teri Yaad Naye Geet Sunane Aayee – Bekhabar (1964) – S Mohinder – Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

O Lakshmi O Sarsu O Sheela O Rajni… Dekho Kya Kay Laya Ye Mausam Is Bar – Kahin Aur Chal (1965) [Unreleased] – Shankar Jaikishan – Hasrat Jaipuri

Hame Pyar Karne Na Dega Zamana, Agar Ho Sake To Mujhe Bhul Jana – Pyar Ki Baazi (1967) – with Geeta Dutt –  Jimmy – Indeevar

I look forward to your inputs to enrich the contents of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

Disclaimer: This monthly series of posts is my best-effort-based compilation of posts on Hindi film songs that I normally visit regularly. As I record my sincere thanks to all the original creators of these posts, any other posts that I have nor covered herein shows my lack of awareness of existence of such posts and is by no means any disrespect to their work. The copyrights to the posts, images and video clips remain the properties of the original creators.

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Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – April 2020

Welcome to April 2020 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

For the year 2020, we have chosen the core subject of Revisiting Basic Quality Concepts w.r.t. the sustained success of the organization As of now we have visied

We take up Understanding Needs and Expectations of the Interested Parties as our core concept this month–

It is an undisputed fact that  the past, present and future course of organization’s strategic direction to attain sustained success is affected by the ever, rapidly changing issues within and around the organization and by the dynamic relationship of these issues with the organization have far reaching impact. Similar far reaching impact is also attributed to the needs and expectations of the interested parties from the organization and their intra-dynamics of relationships and the individual and collective dynamics of relationship(s) these multiple forces with the organization.

The classic definition of a stakeholder according to Freeman is “an organization… [or] any group or individual who can affect or be affected by the achievement of the organization’s objectives” [7]. While Freeman’s ground-breaking book “Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach” in 1984 started the wider discussion and elaboration of stakeholders and their importance, an earlier concept of stakeholders had already emerged in the 1960s. In 1963, academics at the Stanford Research Institute stated that a firm also needs to be responsible – in addition to shareholders – to a number of stakeholders without whose support the organization would cease to exist [5]. Some scholars have even proposed that the roots of stakeholder thinking dates as far back as the 1930s [8].[1]

The process or framework for identifying, understanding, monitoring and reviewing interested parties is normally matrixed in terms of:

  • Level of interest (Relevance)
  • Level of influence (Significance)[2]

In the power/interest matrix there are two important sets of questions to be assessed. According to the classification proposed by Johnson and Scholes, the question “If we were to pursue this strategy with disregard to the views of this particular stakeholder, could/would they stop it?” assesses the power of the stakeholder. The interests of the stakeholder is assessed with the questions “How high is this approach on their priorities?” and “Are they likely to actively support or oppose this approach, or will their interest be short-lived?” [32].

The power dimension indicates the level of influence a stakeholder has in either supporting or resisting a strategic initiative. Stakeholders may exercise their power in many ways, for example through a legal position, possession of knowledge and key resources or even informal networking with other decision makers. The interest dimension depends on how high a priority this strategy is. Interests can be open or hidden, which makes their assessment challenging. Interests may be based on a stakeholder’s anticipated economic gain, brand value or power position. The level of interest can be estimated by assessing whether a stakeholder has a long-term commitment to the strategy [32].

Table depicted here above shows power / interest matrix and the corresponding strategies according to stakeholders.

Another major challenge that an organization has to face is the conflict of interest among differing needs and expectations of the interested parties.

Conflict is a natural and healthy part of a group behavior. An engaging and inclusive process of resolution of the conflicts of interests of the different parties, as well as the conflicts of infested parties needs and expectations from an organization should yield win-win outcomes, wherein the feelings of having compromised one’s interests is replaced by the spirit of mutual collaboration.[3]

The 2012 changes in the ISO Management system standards have clearly mandated Understanding the Needs and Expectations of Interested parties as a key enabling input to the design, implementation and improvement of the relevant discipline management system standard.[4]

Whereas the specific discipline ISO Management system standards look at the understanding the needs and expectations of the interested parties from its relevance to the respective discipline, ISO 9004: 2018 – “Quality management – Quality of an organization – Guidance to achieve sustained success”. – views the impact of needs and expectations of the interested parties on the organization’s ability to achieve sustained success. This is the stage for an excellent review and the starting point to understand the potential depth of examination of who is most involved – from the point of view of the power and the interest – in the issues identified as having contextual relevance and influence on the organization’s purpose and strategic direction.

In as much as understanding the needs and expectations of the interested parties is a key ingredient to the process of planning for the sustained successor an organization, it is also a vital tool to help in the implementation of the process and a key enabler for checking the outcomes achieved on the continual journey for higher, sustained, success.. [5]

 [N.B. – Detailed note on Understanding Needs and Expectations of the Interested Parties can be read / downloaded by clicking on the hyper link.]

We will now turn to our regular sections:

In the series the Organizational Culture, we have attempted to look at The Organizational Culture – Understanding the purpose of organization.. In its simplest form, purpose is the organization’s reason for being. It is a combination of vision, mission, and values.

We now watch ASQ TV, wherein we look at a recent video:

  • Navigating Through Change and Ambiguity– Matt Meuleners, Executive Partner at FOCUS Training, discusses change and ambiguity, and the best practices an organization can use to lead through ambiguity.

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems posting for March 2020 –

  1. Why employees leave – Common Sense Management Can Reduce Employee Turnover-

There are a lot of reasons good employees leave, including:

    • Rude behaviour: Feeling mistreated is not an enticement for a good work environment.
    • Work-life imbalance: Increasing with economic pressures, organizations continue to demand that one person do the work of two or more people.
    • The job did not meet expectations: When a job to significantly vary from the initial description and what was promised during the interview stage,.it can lead to mistrust. When trust is missing, there can be no real employee ownership.
    • Job and the employee misalignment: Organizations should never hire employees unless they are qualified for the job and in sync with the culture and goals of the organization. Managers should not try to force a fit.
    • Feeling undervalued: Everyone wants to be recognized and rewarded for a job well done. It’s part of our nature. The most effective recognition is sincere appreciation.
    • Coaching and feedback lacking: Effective managers know how to help employees improve their performance and consistently give feedback to all employees.
    • Decision-making ability lacking: Organizations need employees to have ownership and be empowered! An organization should give employees latitude to do their jobs by placing trust in them; employees, in turn, should accept that responsibility and embrace that trust with enthusiasm.
    • People skills inadequate: Many managers were promoted because they did their jobs well and got results. However, that doesn’t mean they know how to lead. People skills can be learned and developed, but it really helps if a manager has a natural ability to get along with people and motivate them.
    • Organizational instability: Management’s constant reorganization, changing direction, and shuffling people around disconnects employees from the organization’s purpose. Employees don’t know what’s going on, what the priorities are, or what they should be doing.
    • Raises and promotions frozen: Studies have shown that money isn’t usually the primary reason people leave, but it does rank high when an employee can find a job earning more elsewhere. Organizations better pay competitive wages and benefits while making their employees feel valued! This is a critical combination.
    • Faith and confidence shaken: When employees are asked to do more and more, they see less evidence that they will ultimately share in the fruits of their labor. Employees know when a company is doing well and they expect to be treated as critical enablers of that success. Organizations need to stop talking about employees being their most important asset while treating them as consumables.
    • Growth opportunities not available: A lot of good talent can be lost if the employees feel trapped in dead-end positions. The most successful organizations find ways to help employees develop new skills and responsibilities in their current positions and position them for future advancement within the organization.

I look forward to your views / comments / inputs to further enrich the subjects of Basics of Quality and Organizational Culture and their role in Creating and Maintaining Sustained Success.

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

[1] Understanding the Stakeholders as a Success Factor for Effective Occupational Health Care – Ari-Matti Auvinen

[2] “Interested Parties” and Their “Needs and Expectations”

[3]  Fundamentals of Sports Management, Pp. 14 – Robert E Baker, Craig Esherick . 2013

[4] Understanding needs & expectations of interested parties in ISO 9001:2015Mark Hammar

[5] Business Sustainability: Going Beyond ISO 9004:2018–  Alka Jarvis, Paul C. Palmes

Categories
Organizational culture

The Organizational Culture – Understanding the purpose of organization

Credit: Are You Working For A Purpose-Driven Organisation? – – Amanda Chua

The Purpose of an organization is the fundamental reason why the organization exists.

The Purpose of an organization is not the answer to the question “What do you do?” This typically focuses on products, services and customers. To clarify, it should answer the question “Why is the work you do important?”

Employees should find the Purpose inspirational and motivational. To sum up, it is the cause that defines their contribution to society through work. Businesses exist to make a profit. But they also exist to make a difference. Through work, individuals can make a difference. They can be part of a meaningful legacy.

Purpose

  • Is a contribution to society
    • Not a product or service
  • Answers the question: Why is this work important?
  • Is inspirational and motivational
  • Uses powerful words
  • Is brief in length
    • So employees will remember it
  • Is broad in scope
    • To allow for opportunities and change.[1]

In its simplest form, purpose is the organization’s reason for being.It is a combination of vision, mission, and values. In order to define the purpose, three questions need to be answered –

  • What is our vision? – This is an inspirational question, The purpose emerges from the vision.
  • What is our mission? – The mission is the what of an organization
  • What are our values? Neither vision or mission mean much if they are not reinforced by strong values. Values shape the culture

Defining purpose, if one does not already exist, is an exercise in leadership. It is a means by which an organization comes to grips with how it sees itself.

True purpose does not exist in a vacuum. It must be put to good use.[2]

The purpose needs to be defined at personal, workplace role and organizational level. The balanced fruition of these three critical areas can help create a sweat spot, the benefits of which are felt by employees, teams, the organization, customers, and perhaps most importantly, society too. [3]

When organizations embrace purpose, it’s often because a crisis forces leader to challenge their assumptions about motivation and performance and to experiment with new approaches. The framework suggested by the following eight essential steps should help to overcome the largest barrier to embracing purpose—the cynical “transactional” view of employee motivation

Credit: The Economics of Higher Purpose: Eight Counter-Intuitive Steps for Creating a Purpose-Driven OrganizationRobert E. Quinn, Anjan V. Thakor

The purpose is not just a lofty ideal; it has practical implications for organization’s financial health and competitiveness. People who find meaning in their work don’t hoard their energy and dedication. They give them freely, defying conventional economic assumptions about self-interest. They grow rather than stagnate. They do more—and they do it better.

By tapping into that power, you can transform an entire organization.[4]

If the organization’s purpose impacts the WHY, HOW and WHAT you do, its culture is THE way of activating and authentically living it. Not knowing the purpose, or knowing it half-baked, can probably help skate … for a while. But rest assured, eventually the competition will soar past you because they will be more in tune where demographic, customer and market forces are moving.[5]

Here are some interesting video talks on this subject:

Dr. Doug Lepisto, assistant professor of Management at Western Michigan University’s Haworth College of Business, shares his insights on the organizational effects of a higher purpose from his 21-month ethnographic study at a global athletic footwear and apparel company.

Business is about purpose: R. Edward Freeman at TEDxCharlottesville 2013 explains that purpose of business is to create value rather than to maximize profit

The role of “Purpose” in transforming business | Cheryl Grise | TEDxOxbridge  – Cheryl speaks about purpose being at the heart of a successful organisation’s existence in a connected, fast paced and complex world.

Purpose in Business: Measuring What Matters: Jill Bamburg at TEDxBGI  – Jill Bamburg talks about how to measure purpose in the context of business.

[1] What is an organization’s Purpose? – Shela Margolis

[2] Give Your Organization a Reason to Believe in Itself – John Baldoni

[3] The Purpose Effect – Dan Pontefract

[4] Creating a Purpose-Driven OrganizationRobert E. Quinn, Anjan V. Thakor

[5] Why Your Organization’s Purpose is Important to Your Culture – Rich Berens

Categories
I Liked Music from films

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: April 2020

Hasrat Jaipuri – Beyond Shankar Jaikishan: 1958

Hasrat Jaipuri (born Iqbal Hussain) – B: 15 April 1922 – D: 17 September 1999 – has penned around 2000+ songs for close to 350 films in a fairly long active career as lyricist for the Hindi Films. He has written several books of Hindi and Urdu poetry too. The critics may not put Hsrat Jaipuri in the same bracket as Sahir Ludhyanavi or Kaifi Azmi, many of Shailndra fans may disparage Hasrat Jaipuri’s lyrics, but the fact remains that his lyrics had very authentic simplicity that would win the hearts of Hindi Film songs fans of all hues.

Hasrat Jaipuri, and for that matter, Shailendra too, has partnered quite effectively with a wide range of music directors beyond Shankar Jaikishan. The underlying reasons might be economic – creating much needed extra stream of remunerative work- or creative – working with diverse range would keep their creative energies charged and wider-based-, we have no authentic versions. But these wider associations for both have yielded us a rich treasure of songs to listen to.

We have commenced the annual series of Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs under Other Than SJ  music directors in 2017. Till now, we have covered

The songs from 1950 to 1953 in 2017,

The songs from 1953 to 1955. In 2018, and

The songs from1956 -1957 in 2019

Presently, we have covered Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs by Other Music Directors for year 1958.

Since we have been moving on in the chronological order of years, we will see some music directors getting repeated in some episodes. In any given episode, wherever we find more than one film with a music director, we have grouped the films under that music director.

Music Director: Vasant Desai

We have seen in our earlier episodes that Vasant Desai and Hasrat Jaipuri have earlier collaborated in V Shantaram’s Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baje (1955). Presently, too, Hasrat Jaipuri is the sole lyricist for Do Phool (1958) with Vasant Desai.

Do Phool (1958)

Do Phool is the Hindi adaption of famous children novel Heidi (Authoress:  Johanna Spyri). It was produced by famous director A R Kardar.  Of the total 9 songs, Asha Bhosle and Lata Mangeshkar each have two solos and one chorus song, Asha & Lata have two duets and Aarti Mukherjee has one solo.  We have picked up two Asha – Lata duets and Aarti Mukherji.

Bachpan Ka Tora Mora Pyaar – Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle

This song is about two childhood friends, reaffirming their bond of friendship, and making promises never to forget each other. The on-screen picturization is on Baby Naaz and Master Romi.

Roothi Jaaye Re Guzariya – Lata Mageshkar, Asha Bhosle

Sulking – Appeasing virus have been bugging mankind right from childhood friendship days. Once it caught by the adults, it has given a full-fledged, rich, genre of Hindi films songs. Here the children friends have been afflicted by this virus and seem to manifest text-book symptoms in the present song, including the (child) heroine relenting by the end of the song. And the couple goes on live merrily thereafter.

Matak-Matak Naachu Re – Aarti Mukherjee

The song replicates the street play situation of the film. Aarti Mukherjee comes up with very childlike rendering of the song.

Music Director: Dattaram

In his second film as an independent director, Dattaram gets opportunity to work on a social drama. Unlike the earlier case, Ab Dilli Dootr Nahi (9157), which was an RK Production, Parvarish (1958) has Raj Kapoor in the main male lead only.

Parvarish (1958)

Hasrat Jaipuri has the sole charge of lyricisit here. One romantic duet – Masti Bhara Hai Sama and another a peppy dance number, Beliya… Bheegi Si Baharon Mein (both by Manna Dey, Lata Mangeshkar), one comedy male-male duet Maama-O-Maama (Mohammad Rafi, Manna Dey)  and a poignant Aansoo Bhari Hai Yeh Jeevan Ki Raahein (Mukesh) offered Dattaram – Hasrat Jaipuri as wide a latitude as a music director- lyricist team would ever ask for. And they, too, have come up trumps. These songs are remembered even today.

We have picked up relatively lesser known three heard, songs from the film.

Jhoome Re Jhoome Re – Asha Bhosle

In one of the rare roles, the famous, wily (on-screen) mother-in- law, Lalita Pawar plays a very caring mother for the two kids. She is so hard-wired in this vamp roles, that we need to scratch deep into our memories to recall her very sensitive portrayals in films like Anari or Anand. A lorie being filmed on her is another rare happening in type-cast mold-oriented Hindi film working.

Luti Zindagi Aur Gam Muskuraye – Lata Mageshkar

Here we have a formula share of female poignant song.

Jaane Kaisa Jaadu Kiya Re – Asha Bhosle, Sudha Malhotra

A mujra song adds to the variety to the two very different genre songs we heard earlier and to the songs in the film, in general. For the observer friends, who like identifying the screen performers, the knowledgeable bloggers have identified Meena Fernandez (in Asha Bhosle’s voice) and Sheila Vaz (that of Sudha Malhotra) as on-screen performers.

Music Director: Kalyanji Veerji Shah

Kalyanji Shah has not yet teamed up with Anandji, his brother and a long-time career companion in the successful film music career.

Samrat Chandragupta (1958)

Bharat Vyas has five and Indeevar has one song to their share in this film. Hasrat Jaipuri has penned two of the total eight songs in this film, of which Yeh Sama Hai Mera Dil Javaan (Manna Dey, Lata) is well-known. So we have picked up the relatively less heard Lata Mangeshkar solo. Again for the sake records, there also was a same-named film in 1945, for which music was composed by C Ramchandra

Ae Dilbar Aaja Aaja, Haath Se Mere Lele Jam – Lata Mangeshkar, chorus

Since the version we have an audio version, and I have not seen the film, I would not be in position to correctly place the appropriateness of use of a mid-east influenced tune and words like ‘jam’ in the song that would a court dance in the period of Samrat Chandragupta.

Music Director: P Ramesh Naidu

P. Ramesh Naidu seems to be a very obscure name as far as Hindi films are concerned.  But he is not that unknown to us, since we have covered an earlier of his film, Hamlet (1954) , in the earlier episodes of this series. He has directed music for films in ten languages (in comparison with nine by Salil Chowdhury).  He has been awarded national award for his music in Megh Sandesham. It appears that he would get an automatic membership to the one/two film music director club’.  However, it must be appreciated that established lyricists like Hasrat Jaipuri are seen to collaborate with such music directors and give their as good as with any established music director quality of lyrics.

Piya Milan (1958)

Film “Piya Milan” was originally a Tamil film MARMAVEERA-56  The film had nine songs, of which 3 songs have been written  by Harsh and the rest six by Hasrat Jaipuri. Most of the songs remain unknown ones. So, we have picked up songs that have Usha Mangeshkar as a singer to add variety to the songs in this present episode.

In the present case, too there was a similar-named film in 1945, for which Feroz Nizami had composed the music.

Ho Ji Tum Pyar Hamein – Usha Mangeshkar

Prima faci,e this is a dance performance that basically is meant for the entertainment of a rich client

Tilla Langdi Koyale  – OM Verma, Usha Mangeshkar

A street dance act played inside the drawing room for the entertainment of the rich family, so it seems from the stand alone view of the video.

O Saathi Re Tu Aa Bhi Ja  – Lata Mangeshkar, Usha Mangeshkar, Jagmohan Bakshi, chorus)

We only have an audio version. Having heard Jagmohan Baxi so effectively in Dekho Mane Nahi Roothi Hasina (Taxi Driver, 1954- with Asha Bhosle – Music: S D Burman- Lyrics – Sahir), one would expect to have to get a closer look at Jagmohan Baxi’s voice, because he is not regular singer. But here his use does not give us that strong opportunity.

Music Director: OP Nayyar

OP Nayyar has also appeared earlier on this series for the film Johnny Walker(1957). Presently too OPN and Hasrat Jaipuri have been teamed for Mr. Qartoon MA. OPN and Hasrat Jaipuri teaming up for two songs in Howrah Bridge too this year, Whether it is a coincidence or choice (governed by the success of Johnny Walker, the film  songs), we have not verifiable source to know. Nor does it matter, we have good songs to listen to and enjoy.,

Howrah Bridge (1958)

The film has eight songs of which six have been penned by Qamar Jalalabadi.  We have covered Main Jaan Gayi Tujhe Saiyaan (Mohammad Rafi, Shamshad Begum) earlier, in other context,in our other posts on this blog, so, I have selected  an Asha Bhosle solo.

Yeh Kya Kar Dala Tune – Asha Bhosle

The song is all the way an O P Nayyar song, A hoofing – tonga- rhythm, switching over to Dhalak as base instrument for a while in Antara, clever use of whistling,  sweet use of violin, sarangi – are all the signature stamps of OPN.

Kabhi Andhera Kabhi Ujala (1958)

The film had Kishore Kumar and Nutan as the lead actors.

Ajab Hamari Hai Zindagani  – Asha Bhosle

This is song that has title of the film in the mukda.

Zara Sone De Balam – Asha Bhosle

The song is composed to a signature dholak rhythm of O P Nayyar. We find a major variation in terms of huge violin ensemble at the beginning of the interlude orchestration piece.

MR Qartoon MA (1958)

This is cent per cent Hasrat Jaipuri – OPN film, with Johnny Walker as the main lead. The film had three Asha Bhosle solo and one Geeta Dutt- Asha Bhosle duet., but we have deliberately chose the songs that have presence of Mohamad Rafi, in line with our tradition to end our episodes with Mohammad Rafi songs.

Mai Mai Mai Qartoon  – Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle, Shamshad Begum

This is also a song wherein mukhda lyrics have weaved in film title. O P Nayyar switches between western and Indian style bass rhythms in the interlude stanzas. The song appears to be filmed as a fantasy stage show.

Mera Dil Ghabraye Meri Aankh Sharmaye – Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle

The duet is set to a picnic spot situation. Johnny Walker has put on a deceptive disguise of painting-brush-like thick moustache, but his style of singing remains his by known well-known theatrics.

Tune Maar Ke Pyar Ki Bomb Mere Dil Ko Kar Diya Mom – Mohammad Rafi, chorus

Hasrat Jaipuri has used his own signature style of beginning a song with a couplet (‘sakhi), and then has gone onto build a simple end-rhyming lyric that match the situation of the song. Johnny Walker and his gang have masqueraded as signing ascetics and seem to be on a heart-winning mission.. We can see Mehmood too as his junior, principal, aid.

Music Director : B(aldev) N(ath) Bali

B N Bali is one of those music directors who got confine to B and C grade films. He is credited with composing music for 24 films

Pehla Pehla Pyar (1958)

The film had 3 songs written by Madan Mohan (I trust this not Madan Mohan the music director), one by Anand Bakshi and four by Hasrat Jaipuri. The digital link of the three Hasrat Jaipuri songs are still not available on net.

Roke Se QayamatRruk Jaye Par Rokna Dil Ka Mushqil Hai
Kuchh Bhi Na Sujhai Deta Hai Jis Waqt Mohabbat Hoti Hai

Jab Unka Khayal Aa Jata Hai – Mohammad Rafi

Here too the song begins with a classic Hasrat Jaipuri style couplet.

The composition is considered to have a too close resemblance with a copy of Rafi’s “Jin Raaton Mein Neend Ud Jaati Hai” (‘Raat Ki Rani’, 1949) by Hansraj Behl.

As we end the present episode, it would be interesting to note that Hasrat Jaipuri seems to take up assignments with other music directors when he seems to have less-to-nothing share of songs with Shnkar Jaikishan. 1958 had only tow SJ films – Yahudi and Baghi Sipahi, in which Hasrat Jaipuri has only one and three songs respectively.

Either way we have nothing to lose….. and await eagerly for the next stop of our journey…..

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Categories
Centenary Celebrations I Liked Music from films

Manna Dey’s Comedy Songs – Mehmood [4]

Even though we have travelled to three episodes of Manna Dey’s comedy songs for Mehmood, we are still in the ‘65/’66/67 period of Mehmood’s career, even though the trails from there have led us to ‘70s and even ‘80s. We have seen that most of the songs on this later part of Mehmood’s career trail have yielded forgettable songs., from those music directors only who created some of the most memorable songs that Manna Dey played back for Mehmood. So, the root cause possibly is the trajectory that Mehmood’s career took as he grew more established in his career. Playing the roles of different types of the people from across the varied walks of the life from Indian diversity seemed to be the key to his success.  Even as he would on a new character, his acting style, dialogue delivery, basic build of the character, selection of situations for the songs was seen to be getting type cast into some his past successful roles as the chosen few model templates.

Simultaneous with this was the gradual decline with beginning of ‘60s, of the successful second-generation golden period music directors who formed the backbone for taking the Hindi Film music to a melody height in 50’s.  The music was getting more repetitive, less lasting and more commercial.

We take up this fourth, and last, link of Manna Dey-Mehmood chain in the backdrop of these circumstances. As we will see, the pattern that we saw in the previous episode, repeats here also. Of the three music directors we have for the present episode, two begin with reasonably ‘good’ Manna Dey- Mehmood songs, but then slip into the lane of churning out some quite unforgettable songs.

We once again would emphasize that basic intent of our ‘Remembering Manna Dey’ series was not judging the quality of Manna Dey’s songs across the passage of the years. We have only sincerely attempted to look at Manna Dey’s career with some specific angles so as to get as many varieties that we could come across under one common reference point.

In the chronological order of the year in which the film was released, it is Ravi who would be the fulcrum around which we would list Manna Dey – Mehmood songs.

De Data Ke Naam Tujhko Allah Rakhe – Ankhen (1968) – with Asha Bhosle|– Ravi – Sahir Ludhyanavi

‘Ankhen’ was intended to be spy thriller themed masala film. The spies were made to go to the extent of combing the dusts on the streets as beggars to get the clue of the abductors / villains, with some honing device tucked in ther beggar wheelbarrow. Manna Dey and Asha Bhosle have made their best efforts to make the song quite vearble.

Muslim Ko Taslim Arz Hai.. Main Hun Ek Hazzam Pyare – Do Kaliyan (1968) – with Mehmood – Ravi – Sahir Ludhyanavi

Mehmood dons the role of an unemployed educated in this song. The idea of venturing into a mobile hair-cutting saloon does appear like an out-of-the-box- start up idea. But the song has turned up to be a run-off-the-mill average song .

Khali Dabba Khali Botal Lele Mere Yaar– Neel Kamal (1969) – Ravi – Sahir  Ludhyanavi

The household scrap purchase was an important street business. It was an important in the recycling cycle of many of the used domestic wares. So Mehmood ‘s choice of donning role of that character was a good idea, but the way the song is created and filmed, the idea turns out to be damp squib.

Cycle Pe Hasino Ki Toli – Amaanat (1975) – with Mouhammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle – Ravi – Sahir Ludhyanavi

The film bears 1975 as the year of release, but looking the age of Manoj Kumar or Sadhana,or Ravi’s song composition style (recall – two quite the then known ones Matalab Nikal Gaya Hai To Pahechanate Nahi and Door Rahe Ke Na Karo Baat or not so known credit title song Har Ek Din Mein Aramaan Hai Amanat – all by Mohammad Rafi), the film seems to have been produced a decade or so earlier and seems to have been stuck for release. The situation of the songs – a group youngsters on a bicycle picnic- also belonged to that period. The lyrics and the singing styles of each of the singers helps in maintaining the mood of the song

Kalayanji Anandji have apparently only one song in Manna Dey, Mehmood genre. In fact they seem to have opting for Mehmood songs in Mehmood’s own voice, at least in these three instances –  Lori Suna Suna Ke (Purnima, 1965), Gali Gali Gaon  Mein (Paras, 1971) and Hoshiyar Rahena Khabardar Rahena (Vardan, 1974) – in a major departure from the then popular practice of using Manna Dey, or Mohammad Rafi.

Mere Dil Se Dil Ko Jod Do – Suhaag Raat (1968) Manna Dey– Kalyanji Anandji – Indeevar

By now, even this type of chhed-chaad romance songs of Mehmood had drifted to become too trite and loud.

For our present plot we now take up Manna Dey’s ssongs for Mehmood, composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal. In comparison of their use of Mohammad Rafi for a male playback singer slot in the years before ascendancy of Kishore Kumar in 1969, they have used Manna Dey very selectively.

Let me confess that I have not taken any extra pains to search all of Laxmikant Pyarelal’s Manna Dey songs for Mehmood on the screen. I have not gone beyond a few known films for this purpose. We may have missed out some of Laxmikant Pyarelal compositions of Manna Dey for playback to Mehmood on the screen, but, I am personally satisfied that,  the ones that we get to listen here do represent a fairly predictable pattern of what to expect from other such songs, if there are some more.

O Meri Maina Tu Maan Le Mera Kehna – Pyaar Kiye Jaa (1966) – with Usha Mangeshkar – Laxmikant Pyarelal – Rajinder Krishna

Mehmood and very young, and fairly junior in those days, Mumtaz, dish out some loud dancing while singing this song.

A For Apple B For Baby – Sadhu Aur Shaitan 1968 – with Asha Bhosle – Laxmikant Pyarelal – Rajinder Krishna

Mehmood succeeds fairly in mimicking child-like mannerism here. Manna Dey, as usual, gamely matches Mehmood’s on-screen theatrics.

Qatal Hua Nazon Ka Pala Mera – Meri Bhabhi (1969) – with Suman Kalyanpur – Laxmikant Pyarelal – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Laxmikant Pyarelal has experimented with parodying a bride departure marriage folk tune song.

Jawani Tera Bola, Budhapa Tera Munh Kala – Anokhi Ada (1973) – with Asha Bhosle – Laxmikant Pyarelal – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Memhmood caricatures role of an old drunkard here.

It is on a not-so-happy note that we end this episode and our Manna Dey – Mehmood combination songs series. Pain is more when we look at the very promising beginning of their association. The feeling of sadness of both the talents not getting their due deepens as the years went on. Mehmood gradually slipped along to become very repetitive in his theatrics, even when he did stick to playing a multitude characters from across day-to-day life. Manna Dey, on the other hand would seem get most of the compositions that all these composers may have composed just to fill in the typical comedian song slot of a film. His best efforts to salvage the song with his high-quality singing could not raise the song to a n average song, from their very low-level birth DNAs.

In the next episodes we will take Manna Dey’s comedy songs for other actors.

All episodes of Manna Dey’s Comedy Songs For Mehmood can be accessed / downloaded in a single file by Clicking on the hyperlink.