(Shankar) Jaikishan and Hasrat Jaipuri’s Songs Fading From the Memory: 1962
Hasrat Jaipuri (a.k.a. Iqbal Hussain) – B: 15-4-1922 | D: 17-9-1999 – was versatile poet and lyricist. He wrote a poetry that was accessible to the common man. Critics may not put him in the same roll of honor as Sahir Ludhianvi or Kaifi Azmi or even his long-time associate Shailendra. But his simple lyrics appealed the commos listener. His poetry was simple but the message it contained used to be quite deep. Many of his pure romantic songs carried most intimate and intense feelings. Hasrat Jaipuri also has written screenplay for ‘Hulchul (1951). His career spanned for the first film ‘Barsat’ in 1949 till his last, Hatya: The Murder (2004).
Jaikishan (a.k.a. Jaikishan Dahyabhai Panchal) – B: 4 November 1929 | D: 12 September 1971] is sometimes not equated with the music qualities of life-long partner Shankar. But his innate sense of melody lent a totally different dimension to the style of orchestration that made Shankar Jaikishan songs stand out quite distinctively. They led the trend of creating orchestrion style which as easily recognized as unique signature style of the music director.
The primary division of of who will compose which song would be worked out at very initial stage between Shankar and Jaikishan, based on the demands of the situation and their own inherent inclinations. Then, Shankar was considered to generally compose Shailendra’s songs and Jaikishan that of Hasrat Jaipur. And yet, the four were very close as friends in personal lives as well. Hasrat Jaipuri wrote ‘Geeton Ka Kanhaiya Chala Gaya when Jaikishan passed away in 1971.
In this month of Jaikishan’s birth and Hasrat Jaipuri’s death, we have commenced remembering (Shankar) Jaikishan and Hasrat Jaipuri’s Songs Fading From the Memory on this platform since 2017.Till now we have covered
1949 -1954 in 2017
1955 – 1957 in 2018
1958 – 1959 in 2019, and
1960 -1961 in 2020
Presently we take up Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs, composed by (Shankar)Jaikishan during the years 1962. We have selected relatively less remembered songs from among all the available songs. The order of presentation of the film is set to the first, English, alphabetical letter of that film’s title.
1962 had 6 films of Shankar Jaikishan. Hasrat Jaipuri’s share of songs was 21 songs. Each of the song was well received then and many remain still well-known.
Nashili Raat Hai, Saare Charag Gul Kar Do, Khushi Ki Raat Mein Kya Kaam Hai JalanewaloN Ka…….Lo Aayi Milan Ki Raat Sahaani Raat… NainoN Se Kisi Se Ke Nain Mile HaathoN Mein Kisi Ka Haath – Aashiq (1962) – Lata Mangeshkar
The song opens with prelude of sharp strains of violin ensemble, followed by a sakhi (couplet) and then the mukhada presents us the situation.
This one song epitomizes all that SJ-HJ combination has been offering in abundance- sensitive, rich orchestration, Hasrat Jaipuri’s signature sakhi and simple word that deliver profound message. The song apparently describes the happy situation of marriage but the deeper meaning of each lyric and every note of orchestration, as well Lata Mangeshkar’s subdued delivery, in fact, conveys the pathos of the protagonist (Padmini). (Shankar) Jaikishan’s signature touch is reflected in Lata Mangeshkar hitting high pitch at those lyrics of pain…
Pyar Ka Saaz Bhi Hai Dil Ki Awaz Bhi Hai, Mere GeetoN Mein Tum Hi Tum Ho, Mujhe Naaz Hai ……Chheda Mere Dil Ne Tarana Tere Pyar Ka, Jisne Suna Kho Gaya, Pura Nasha Ho Gaya – Asli Naqli (1962) – Mohammad Rafi
Here is another typical example of SJ-HJ combination – an easy, pleasing song with no complicated lyrics or orchestration and yet catchy enough.
Asli Naqli had 7 songs of which 5 songs are penned by Hasrat Jaipuri and 2 by Shailendra. Hasrat Jaipuri’s Tujhe Jivan Ki Dor Se Bandh Liya Hai (Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar) was quintessential romantic duet, Gori Jara Has De Has De Tu Has De Jara (Mohammad Rafi) was a simple, lilting children song and Lakh Chhupao Chuup Na Sakega Raaz Ho Kitana Gehra.(Lata Mangeshkar) is a title song. We, thus, get to see full panorama of Hasrat Jaipuri’s versatility and how imaginative treatment (Shankar) Jaikishan has given to each composition.
Let us take one more song in detail:
Ek But Banaunga Tera Aur Pooja Karunga, Arre Mar Jaunga Pyar Agar Main Duja Karunga – Asli Naqli (1962) – Mohammad Rafi
Use of the word ‘But” which has two meanings, a statue and a beloved one, is a typical master stroke of Hasrat Jaipuri in a song which essentially is about the hero trying to please his beloved and assure her she has neither anyone else in mind nor will ever have one.
Once the mukhada gets free form this difficult word for the meter and melody, the song moves into an easy-paced song even though the subject of all through remains the statue. (Shankar)Jaikishan too have smartly chosen to repeat the line ‘Arre Mar Jaunga Pyar Agar Main Duja Karumga’. The song opens with a very melodious violin ensemble that seems to bring the thoughts from the deep imagination of the mind to the lips.
Even if the song did not become as popular as other songs of the film, perhaps because SJ and HJ moving along an experimental track, it retains all the charm of SJ-HJ combination..
Najhar Bachakar Chale Gaye Woh, Varana Ghayal Kar Deta, Dil Se Dil Takra Jata To Dil Mein Agni Bhar Deta – Dil Tera Deewana (1962) – Mohammad Rafi
I like very unusual opening note of the prelude of the song in an otherwise a quint essential, very pleasing to listen to, SJ-HJ-Rafi songs tailor made for Shammi Kapoor.
Dil Tera Diwana had 7 songs – 4 by Shailendra and 3 by Hasrat Jaipuri. Dhadakane Lagata Hai Mera Dil Tere Naam Pe (Mohamma d Rafi) seems to turn on a Mehmood song on the screen but
Masoom Chehara Ye Qatil Nigahein Ke Bemaut Mare Gaye Hum Bichare – Dil Tera Diwana (1962) – Mohammad Rafi and Lata Mangeshkar
Unfortunately got hidden the razzle dazzle glare of the two other duets – Dil Tera Diwana Hai Sanam and Mujhe Kitana Pyar Hai Tumse (incidentally Shailendra songs) – but is the one that would remain more etched in the minds to a discerning SJ fan with Lata Matching higher scale notes to Rafi’s natural high-note style – for which Lata Mangeshkar always had a (sweet) complaint against Jaikishan..
Kho Gaya Hai Mera Pyaar….Dundhata Hun Main Mera Pyar – Hariyali Aur Raasta (1962) – Mahendra Kapoor
In line with the trend of those times, Shankar Jaikishan’s most of the songs would have been either filmed on the main character(s) or any other character which has major role in the film. The present song is not only an exception to that norm, but also one of the rare Shankar Jaikishan – Mahendra Kapoor song.
Hasrat Jaipuri’s lyrics amply express the message in the boatmen’s songs to the hero and Shankar Jaikishan has set the song to a very fast, relatively hitch pitched scale to reflect the heightened turmoil of thoughts and emotions in the mind of hero.
Hasrat Jaipuri has a rather minority quantitative share of 4 songs out of a staggering 11 songs in the film, Hariyali Aur Rasta, but having a title song Bol Meri Taqdeer Mein Kya Hai (Lata Mangeshkar, in happy and sad versions) and a song starting with an exceptionally heavy Urdu phrase Ibtida-e-Ishq Mein Ham Saari Raat Jaage hitting the top of the charts qualitative more than made for the quantitative share.
Ye Umar Hai Kya Rangeeli, Ye Najhar Hai Kya Nashili, Pyar Mein Khoye Khoye Nain, Hamara Rom Rom Bechain, Hamara Bhi Jamana Tha – Professor (1962) – Manna Dey, Asha Bhosle, Usha Mangeshkar
In an otherwise truly light-mood, foot-tapping song, Hasrat Jaipuri comes up with a profound message when he writes
jiwan kya hai haste rahna, man maujoN mein bahte rahna
chupke baitho mane na hum
chupke baitho mane na hum batein wo purani
ye umar hai kya rangili
Aye Gulbadan…PhuloN Ki Mahak, KaatoN Ki Chubhan, Tujhe Dekh Ke Kaheta Hai Mera Man, KahiiN Aaj Kisi Se Mohabbat Na Ho Jaye – Professor (1962) – Mohammad Rafi
With so romantic lyrics, so easy yet very rich musical composition and Mohammad Rafi at his full care-free flow, it was no wonder that this had caught the minds of the youth of those days. However, the beauty of the effect of entire composition is that one would like to listen to the complete song every time one gets to listen the song, even now.
Aawaz Deke Hamein Tum Bulao, Muhobbat Mein Hamko Na Itana Saataao – Professor (1962) – Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar
The third song from Shankar Jaikishan – Hasrat Jaipuri combination – set to Rag Shivranjani, in which Shankar Jaikishan have composed some of their best ever songs – yields a totally different outcome, that one may be tempted to attributing to Shankar (Jaikishan)- Shailendra combination.
Chau Chau Bombaiyana Ishq Hai Marz Purana, Dil Ki Dafli Se Sabhi Gaate Hai Yeh Gaana – Rungoli (1962) – Manna Dey, chorus
Hasrat Jaipuri takes up the opportunity to put in the ‘right’ message(s) in an apparently a comedy song that is meant to spell out the worries and gloom –
humne jahaN bhi dekha mile haiN diloN ke rogi
apna hi raag alape shayad mohabbat hogi
tere mere dil ka juda hai afsana
duniya mein jab tak rahna
gham ko na aane dena
ban jana mast kalander
jeena ho hans ke jeena
badi badi ankhiyoN mein aansu nahiN lana
On this note of philosophical light mood, we bring curtains to the present episode, to continue our journey of Shankar (Jaikishan and Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs fading from the memory.
We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month next year too……..
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