Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – August, 2019

Welcome to August 2019 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

We commence our post with the two sides of the 15th August connection – the present one and the historic one.

Film and television actor Vidya Sinha passed away on 15th August. She was 71.

Ten Songs That Force Us to Think About the True Meaning of Azadi, to make Indians think hard about what freedom and independence really ought to mean—an end to  injustice and exploitation, communal divisions, the oppression of women, wars brought upon the people by corrupt or inept leaders—and which celebrate the ideals of solidarity.

We also very solemnly and sadly take note of Veteran music composer Khayyam passes away at 92 on 19th August.

Shri Harish Raguvanshi has forwarded this WikiBio of Khayyam along with this memorable photograph

From left Harish Raghuwanshi /Rajnikumar Pandya, Urvish Kothari, Chandrashekhar Vaidya, Khayyam, Salil Dalal (Hasmukh Thakkar)

Monica Kar, in her tribute @ Khayyam: The Gentle Giant rues an entire musical era passing into the ages,

 We pick up tributes and memories:

Happy birthday Kishore Kumar: Lose yourself with this playlist of his 10 best songs, one for every mood

Celebrities share special messages on Kishore Kumar’s 90th birth anniversary – Amitabh Bachchan, Baba Sehgal and Mamata Banerjee had something special to say.

Kishore Kumar The Actor: A Legend’s Journey Down the Years = In Part 1, Part 2, Part 3 and Part 4,  Peeyush Sharma remembers journey of Kishore Kumar as an actor.

”Tum mujhe yun bhula na paoge…”: Melodious memories of Rafi  – Vikas Datta – Some voices can never fade from memories!

Rafi’s best songs by Ravi and Ravi’s best duets for Rafi is in memory of 39th death anniversary of Mohammad Rafi.

Before Karan Johar & Simi Garewal, Tabassum’s show brought celebrities into our living rooms   – Himani Chandna – Tabassum’s Phool Khile Hain Gulshan Gulshan ran for a staggering 21 years on Doordarshan.

KA Abbas, the filmmaker who said, ‘Whatever I own belongs to everyone else’Anwar Abbas, Sahapedia remembers his austere lifestyle.

The Mystical Mujra of Lekin: Joothe Naina Bole – Debasish Bhattacharya revisits this gem of a mujra as a special on Gulzar Sahab’s birthday.

Teesri Manzil will remain Shammi Kapoor’s, and Bollywood’s, shining glory – As a flashback to Shammi Kapoor’s death anniversary (14th August), Madhavi Pothukuchi recalls Shammi Kapoor’s most memorable musical thriller, Teesri Manzil, which reels one in with a mystery that’s built up well, and the love story between Shammi Kapoor & Asha Parekh keeps audience invested.

The audience as a piano: the strange case of Alfred HitchcockSandipan Deb In memory of the most famous director in cinema history on his 120th birth anniversary.

Gauhar Jaan – Great Singing Pioneer and Tragic Prototype – But there are many things that Gauhar Jaan could never have predicted, including the fact that her voice would be heard via technology that far surpassed the once seemingly miraculous sound recordings in which she had played the part of India’s greatest singing pioneer.

Sridevi – The Ever-shining Superstar – Aditi Thakur notes that Sridevi has performed exceptionally well in songs like Surmayee akhiyon mein from Sadma

Shailendra Sharma @ Golden Era of Bollywood has posted following memorial tribute posts:

August, 2019 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs takes up Shailendra with Hemant Kumar, Ravi and Kalyanji (Anandji). This is in continuation to the series, Shailendra’s songs with other music directors, wherein  we have previously covered  Shailendra and “Other” Music Directors and Shailendra and Roshan.

And, now commence the posts on other subjects.

The Songs of Optimism has purposefully uploaded audio files of the songs to help focus on the lyrics.

Why a typical Bollywood hero is Gandhian on the streets, but sings lustfully in the sheetsSanjay Suri – In every Bollywood film, songs express the desires that the heroes sacrifice or reject in the actual story. In a properly conservative society, ‘one doesn’t say these things’ that express desire. And so, they get said, and shown, in song. The hero is Gandhian when he speaks, flirtatious when he sings. Casting a romantic Gandhi would, of course, need extraordinary measures – an excerpt from ‘A Gandhian Affair: India’s curious portrayal of love in cinema’ by Sanjay Suri

Moon Songs, Part 1: Ten songs addressed to the moon is now followed up with Part 2: Adjectives for the Moon and  Part 3: Comparisons to the moon by the singer

Through the Lens of Bollywood: Kashmir as an Image, Kashmir as a PlaceDebashree Mukherjee – Dominant images of Kashmir in popular cinema present only one facet of the kaleidoscope of histories and memories, signs and signification, actions and emotions. Yet they can have a powerful effect on the way we relate to a land and its peoples, its views and its women.

Nothing but melody presents a playlist of songs from the 50s and 60s that do not have any percussion instrument at all

The Classical Music Giants contribute to Hindi Cinema – IV adds some more classical music artists in this series of the previous three articles – Part 1, Part2, Part 3.

Following the overview article, Best songs of 1946: And the winners are?, we had taken up micro view of Female Solo Songs for 1946  and have covered Suraiya , Shamshad Begum, Part 1 and  Part II, Amirbai Karanataki, Zohrabai Ambalewali, Mohantara Talpade and Rahkumari till now. For the present, we have covered solo songs of Hamida Banu, Zeenat Begum, Noor Jehan Khursheed and Kanan Devi, Naseem Akhtar and Paro Devi  .

To end the present post with a few songs of Mohammad Rafi, each one of which basically has a link with the topics discussed in the present post, we have picked up:.

Seedhe Saade Insaano Ka Is Duniya Mein Kaam Nahi – Tu Nahi Aur Sahi (1960) Ravi – Asad Bhopali

Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna Ab Hamare Dil Mein Hai – Shaheed Bhagat Singh (1963) – Husnlal Bhagatram –

Nain Mila Ke Pyar Jata Ke Aag Laga Di – Mera Bhai Mera Dushman (1967) – With Jagjit Kaur – Khayyam – Kaifi Azmi

Apni Aadat Hai Sab Ko Salaam Karana – Pyar Deewana (1972) – Lala Sattar – Asad Bhopali

Simti Hui Ye Ghadiyan, Phir Se Na Bikhar Jaaye – Chambal Ki Kasam (1979) –  with Lata Mangeshkar – Khayyam – Sahir Ludhyanvi

I earnestly solicit your inputs for further broad-basing our cache for the content for our carnival of blogs on the Golden Era of Hindi film music.

Disclaimer: This monthly series of posts is my best-effort-based compilation of posts on Hindi film songs that I normally visit regularly. As I record my sincere thanks to all the original creators of these posts, any other posts that I have nor covered herein shows my lack of awareness of existence of such posts and is by no means any disrespect to their work. The copyrights to the posts, images and video clips remain the properties of the original creators.

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The Micro View of Best Songs of 1946 @ SoY – Female Solo Songs – Naseem Akhtar, Paro Devi

Solo Songs of Naseem Akhtar

To those who have fair knowledge of the history of the vintage era of Hind Films, Naseem Akhtar was not an unknown name. I do not have sufficient knowledge about her career. For the year 1946, we not only have some of the then then known solo songs of Naseem Akhtar from ‘Keemat’  and Shajehan but also from three other films which add to the bonus of getting to know the voice of Naseem Akhtar.

Chand Ko Gale Lagaye Badarwa – Keemat – Naushad Ali – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Hamse Khush Hai Zamana – Keemat – Naushad Ali – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Jeeta Hai Va Marata Hai Koi, Tune Na Jana, Aye Bhulanewale – Keemat – Naushad Ali – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Man Pagle Swapna Dikhaye, Man Jhoothe Dip Jalaye – Keemat – Naushad Ali – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Bolo Bolo Ji Bhagwan, Kaisi Rachai Tune Maya – Maa Baap Ki Laaj – Alla Rakha Quraishi

Prabhuji Mujhe Aasra Hai Tumhara –  – Maa Baap Ki Laaj – Alla Rakha Quraishi

Barbad Na Kar De Kahi Bedard Zamana, Allah Bachana – Shahjehan – Naushad Ali – Khumar Barabanqvi

Aag Lagi Hai Dil Mein Wah Pyari, Gaane Lagi Umange Saari – Shahjehan – Naushad Ali – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Mujhe Loot Liya Re…..Bhole Sanam Ne – Sohni Mahiwal – Lal Mohammad – Swami Ramanand

HFGK does not mention singer for this song.

Duniya Se Mitaye Mujhe Ya Dil Se Bhulae – Wamiq Azra – A R Quraishi – Tanvir

Aa Tera Intezar Hai Tera Intezar – Wamiq Azra – A R Quraishi – Tanvir

Solo Songs of Paro Devi

1946 is the debut year of Paro Devi, with S D Burman’s debut film Shikari. One songs from this film does not seem to have a soft YT link available. The other film ‘Dhanwan’ also may have more than one song which is documeneted on YT.

Tere Gam Se Mil Raha Hai, Mujhe Har Tarag Sahara – Dhanwan – Shanti Kumar – Behjad Lakhnavi

Jab Ghar Mein Lagi Aag, Sabhi Banshi Bajae – Shikari – S D Burman – G S Nepali

HFGK records tow versions of this song, one solo and one with chorus. The clip that is presented here includes both these versions.

Chhupo Chhupo O Daranewalo – Shikari – S D Burman – G S Nepali

We will take up Micro View of Solo Songs of Dilshad Begum and Kalyani Das for the year 1946 in the next episode.

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – August, 2019

Welcome to August, 2019 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

Our core subject of Quality Management – Road Ahead to Digital Transformation during the year 2019, we have covered The Basics of Digitization, Digitalization and Digital Transformation, The foundation of the Digital Quality Management, Quality 4.0 and Industry 4.0 technologies Big Data Analytics, Cloud computing, Robotics and Augmented Reality.

We will now take up fourth of the nine disruptive technologies of Industry 4.0 – Simulation.

The simulation hypothesis is the idea that reality is a digital simulation. Technological advances will inevitably produce automated artificial superintelligence that will, in turn, create simulations to better understand the universe. This opens the door for the idea that superintelligence already exists and created simulations now occupied by humans. At first blush the notion that reality is pure simulacra seems preposterous, but the hypothesis springs from decades of scientific research and is taken seriously by academics, scientists, and entrepreneurs like Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk.[1]

Techopedia defines Simulation as ‘any research or development project where researchers or developers create a model of some authentic phenomenon. Many aspects of the natural world can be transformed into mathematical models, and using simulation allows IT systems to mimic the outcomes that happen in the natural world.’[2]

The word “simulation” is sometimes also defined as “the imitation of the operation of a real-world process or system over time.”[3]… Imitating a real-world process or system allows experts to study the process or system they are interested in within a controlled, repeatable environment… Since commissioning of new manufacturing facilities, production lines, and processes is often costly and capital-intensive, applying simulation methods to manufacturing can yield enormous benefits.

The most important objective of simulation in manufacturing is the understanding of the change to the whole system because of some local changes. It is easy to understand the difference made by changes in the local system, but it is very difficult or impossible to assess the impact of this change in the overall system.[4]

For example –

ANDRITZ AUTOMATION Scada in P&P Balematic with INLINE Simulation tool, helps in testing the functional behavior of a machine is against the application design prior to manufacturing.

The first step on the 4.0 factory path is simulation.[5] 3D inspection, integral in the Smart Factory, should be simulated, providing greater productivity, efficiency and smarter part programming –

    • Because when metrologists program offline inspection tasks on complete simulated twins of their actual environment and equipment, the actual physical equipment is free to continue measuring and monitoring.
    • Because when inspection programs have been simulated and virtually tested, they are error and collision-free when applied to the manufacturing process.
    • Because, an offline simulation program can work directly with native or neutral CAD files and automatically interpret Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T).

One can find several research papers dealing with subject of use of simulation in the quality management. Since these papers require very specific access approvals, we have picked up two representative papers here for the illustrative purpose–

    • An Application of Computer Simulation to Quality Control in Manufacturing – The company was using a standard skip lot procedure with a single sampling by attributes plan at the initiation of this study. An analysis of the situation revealed that the complex skip lot procedure was inappropriate and that the use of multi-stage attribute sampling plans could improve inspector productivity by lowering the average sample number per lot undergoing inspection. To demonstrate these proposals to management, a computer simulation model was developed which simulated the system in use by the company and a variety of other possible systems. Based on the simulation results, the management decided to implement a system employing uniform skipping between lot inspections and multi-stage attribute sampling plans. The system resulted in marked improvements in operating performance as measured by six month’s actual results.
    • Simulation in Quality Management – An Approach to Improve Inspection Planning – Production is a multi-step process involving many different articles produced in different jobs by various machining stations. Quality inspection has to be integrated in the production sequence in order to ensure the conformance of the products. The interactions between manufacturing processes and inspections are very complex since three aspects (quality, cost, and time) should all be considered at the same time while determining the suitable inspection strategy. Therefore, a simulation approach was introduced to solve this problem.

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up article, The “Curiosity” Disconnect Between Executives and Employees, by Editorial Staff , on Innovation & Entrepreneurship column of Management Matters Network …. “Most of the breakthrough discoveries and remarkable inventions throughout history, from flints for starting a fire to self-driving cars, have something in common: They are the result of curiosity.”

We now watch ASQ TV, wherein we look at a few recent videos:

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems posting for July 2019 is:

  • Resilience means being able to cope with situations in spite of setbacks or barriers. Essentially, resilience refers to our ability to recover from adversity….This quality of resiliency, or the ability to suffer loss and recover from devastation, has a lot to do with our overall feelings of self-worth. It also has a lot to do with our belief about whether our life is largely controlled by us, or by forces outside our self…There are four major cornerstones to learning resilience. First, avoid feeling that you’re a victim. Second, accept that change is constant so it’s part of life so there’s no escaping it. Third, avoid seeing obstacles as being insurmountable. Forth, focus on the positive.
  • Persistence Pays Dividends – Many experts say that most people try eight, nine, or ten ways to make a change, and when they don’t get the desired outcome, they give up! …What most people miss is that the key to success is to decide what’s most important to them and then take considerable action, each day, to make it better, even when it doesn’t appear that progress is being made.

I look forward to receiving your inputs / suggestions that can further enrich our discussions on the subject of Digitalization in the Quality Management

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

[1] Simulation hypothesis: The smart person’s guide

[2] What does Simulation mean?

[3] Manufacturing simulation for Industry 4.0

[4] Simulation in manufacturing systems

[5] Simulation is Corner Stone of The Smart Factory

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1946 @ SoY – Female Solo Songs – Khursheed, Kanan Devi

Solo Songs of Khursheed

Khursheed’s presence is in only one film in 1946, but that still provides enough evidence of her versatility.  Ram Ganguly’s composition present a mix of typical vitage era styles of orchestarion and singing, which suits Khursheed’s vocal cords.

Ban Mein Kali Koyal Boli Mere Man Ki Duniya Doli – Maharana Pratap – Ram Ganguli – Swami Ramanand

Hamari Gali Aana, Hamse AnkhiyaN Milana – Maharana Pratap – Ram Ganguli – Swami Ramanand

Achha Nahi Bhagwan GariboN Ka Satana – Maharana Pratap – Ram Ganguli – Swami Ramanand

Aayi Diwali DeeoNwali Gayein SakhiyaN O Pardesi – Maharana Pratap – Ram Ganguli – Swami Ramanand

Pagle Man Tu Ro Ro Kise Sunae – Maharana Pratap – Ram Ganguli – Swami Ramanand

Solo Songs of Kanan Devi

Kanan Devi appears in two quite opposite themed films, with Kamal Dasgupta as the common music director. As a result, we get to listen Kana Devi a=in a variety of tones.

Aaj Hui Hai Bhor Suhani Pahali Baar – Arabian Nights – Kamal Dasgupta – Faiyyaz Hashmi

HFGK does not mention singer for this song.

Koi Chale Kanto Pey – Arabian Nights – Kamal Dasgupta – Faiyyaz Hashmi

HFGK does not mention this song.

Kali Kisi Ki Muhabbat Mein Muskarati Hai – Arabian Nights – Kamal Dasgupta – Faiyyaz Hashmi

HFGK does not mention singer for this song.

Mujhe Sapane Se Kaun Jagaye – Arabian Nights – Kamal Dasgupta – Faiyyaz Hashmi

Main Dilwalo Ki Zindagi Hoon – Arabian Nights – Kamal Dasgupta – Faiyyaz Hashmi

HFGK does not mention singer for this song.

Amrut Ke Barsaiya More – Krishna Leela – Kamal Dasgupta –

Chanda Door Gagan Mein Bulaye  Aur Chakori Na PahuNch Paaye – Krishna Leela – Kamal Dasgupta

More Janam Janam Ke Saathi Tum Ho Apane – Krishna Leela – Kamal Dasgupta  – Faiyyaz Hashmi

Sawan Ki Rani Ayi Zulan Mein Liye Khushiyan – Krishna Leela – Kamal Dasgupta   Faiyyaz Hashmi

Tera Ghar Man Mera – Krishna Leela – Kamal Dasgupta

We will take up Micro View of Solo Songs of Naseem Akhtar and Paro Devi for the year 1946 in our next episode.

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1946 @ SoY – Female Solo Songs – Noor Jehan

Noor Jehan has had a dream run in 1946, which was to turn out to be the penultimate year of her active career from (the then) Bombay. 1946 has thre fims of Noor Jehan, each one had a different music director, and hence a very different style.  Most of us have known Noor Jehan of ‘Anmol Ghadi’. So, Noor Jehan of ‘Dil’, presented by Zafar Khursheed, and of ‘Hamjoli’ by Hafeez Khan would a treat to listen to.

Popular solo songs

Aaja Meri Barabaad Muhabbat Ke Sahare – Anmol Ghadi – Naushad Ali – Tanvir Naqvi

Mere Bachpan Ke Saathi Mujhe Bhul Na Jana – Anmol Ghadi – Naushad Ali – Tanvir Naqvi

Jawan Hai Muhabbat HasiN Hai Zamana – Anmol Ghadi – Naushad Ali – Tanvir Naqvi

Kya Mil Gaya Bhagwan Tumhein Dil Ko Dukha Ke – Anmol Ghadi – Naushad Ali – Tanvir Naqvi

Other solo songs

Aye Hawa Jaa Jaa Jaa Piya Ke Ghar Jaa, KyuN Chalati Hai – Dil – Zafar Khursheed – Raajiuddin

De Ke Mujhe Wah Dard-e-Jigar, Bhul Gaye Kya Bhul Gaye – Dil – Zafar Khursheed – Raajiuddin

Baba Mere Chhoot Gaye, Chain Mujhe NahiN Aae – Dil – Zafar Khursheed   – Arsh

Phoolo Mein Nazar  Ye Kaun Aaya, Kaun Aaya – Hamjoli – Hafeez Khan – Anjum Pilibhiti

Ye Desh Hamara Pyara, Hindostan Hai Hamara – Hamjoli – Hafeez Khan – Anjum Pilibhiti

Raaz Khulata Nazar Nahi Aata – Hamjoli – Hafeez Khan – Anjum Pilibhiti

Bhagwan Bhagwan Kab Tak Teri Duniya Mein Ye Andher Rahega – Hamjoli – Hafeez Khan – Anjum Pilibhiti

Dukh Dard Se Jahan Mein Koi Azad NahiN Hai – Hamjoli – Hafeez Khan – Anjum Pilibhiti

In the next epiosde, we will take Solo Songs of Khursheed and of Kanan Devi, for the yaer 1946, for a Micro Review.

Manna Dey and Contemporary Lead Actors – 3

We have covered Manna Dey’s songs with main stream lead actors Dilip Kumar, Dev Anand, Raj Kapoor, Ashok Kumar, Balraj Sahni, David Abraham and Bharat Bhushan in the present series till now.

Our search for Manna Dey’s songs for the lead actor has basically reached the period of second half the decade of ‘50s. From what we have seen till now, it appears that it is not incorrect to infer that his songs that have attained fame have rooted deeper his image of niche singer and his romantic songs for the lead player still hunt for a permanent association that can turn out to be game changer for his career.

With Kishore Kumar

There was a period in Kishore Kumar career where he was so active as working as the main lead actor for the films that he has  accepted some of his songs on the screen played back by Mohammad Rafi, and as we shall presently see, by Manna Dey. In each of this case, the song would invariably be a one-off case in that film, all other songs being enacted and sung by Kishore Kumar himself. That would, normally, mean that the music director has some or other valid reason for opting for the other playback singer. However, presently, we have no intention to look out for such reasons. We will be content with listing such songs within the scope of our present series.

Din Albele Pyar Ka Mausam, Chanchal Man Mein Toofan – Begunah (1957) – with Lata Mangeshkar – Shanker Jaikishan – Hasrat Jaipuri

Here we have an ideal romantic duet, once again Shanker Jaikishan choosing to use Manna Dey for such a lovely song. The song did become famous and is quite known even today. But, being filmed on Kishor Kumar, its fate as catalyst for Manna Dey being set as a lead actor’s principal voice does not help the cause. That Begunah was banned within just a few days of hitting the screen further aggravated the case.

Pahele Murgi Ke Pahele Anda Zara Soch Ke Batana – Krorepati (1961) – Shanker Jaikishan – Shailendra

Manna Dey matches Kishore Kumar’s comedy theatrics on the screen. The song is filmed as satirist comedy on the establishment. However, because of the presence of Kishore Kumar as the actor, the song does not fall into the cast of so called comedy genre that Jhonny Walker and Mahemood brought on the screen.

Ho Gayi Shaam Dil Badnam Leta Jaaye Tera Naam – Naughty Boy (1962) – With Asha Bhosle – S D Burman – Shailendra

Here too Manna Dey sounds so natural to Kishore Kumar’s acting. The song is a party song whereat Kishore Kumar resorts to his comedy acting while remaining very faithful to the romance in the lyrics of the song.

Alakh Niranajan – Haaye Mera Dil (1968) – Usha Khanna

One of those non-descript comedy songs that Manna Dey would get after getting type cast for comedy genre songs.

‘Haaye Mera Dil’ has one more Manna Dey song – a duet with Usha Khanna – Jaaneman Jaaneman Tum Din Raat Mere Saath Ho – which is filmed a club song.

With Shammi Kapoor                                                            

Shammi Kapoor’s acting career is normally divided into pre-Tumsa nahi Dekha and post-Tumsa Nahi Dekha films. If Talat Mahmood had a lion’s share for the playback songs for the former part, it was Mohammad Rafi who sang to Shammi Kapoor’s style in the latter part. We have two films which can be considered as twilight zone between these two phases.

Tangewaali (1955) has a duet with Geeta Dutt – Tina Tan Ta Tina Kisi Ne Dil Hai (Music: Salil Chaudhari; Lyrics- Prem Dhawan) –  which Shammi Kapoor ought to have lip-synched on the screen, like a genuine tonga Rafi solo cast on a punjabi folk tune, and two duets  – A Rafi-Lata duet and a Tonga-genre Hemant-Lata duet. Unfortunately, we do not have a digital link.for this Manna Dey- Geeta Dutt duet.

The second film Ujala (1959) was an idealistic socialist theme film. The two songs of the film probably would easily fit in for Manna Dey’s voice, particularly when Shankar Jaikishan have composed the music.

Ab Kahan Jaaye Dil Ye Bata  Aye Zameen, Ab Kisi Ko Kise Pe Bharosa Nahi – Lyrics: Shailendra

This again a choir-Church tune and after the success of a similar song – Tu Pyar Ka Sagar Hai, Teri Ek Boond Ke Pyaase Ham (Seema 1955), choice of Manna Dey to playback for Shammi Kapoor is quite obvious. This song also went to get respect and fame.

Suraj Jara Aa Paas Aa, Aaj Sapnon Ki Roti Pakayenge Ham – Lyrics: Shailendra

The song is deeply stepped into a socialist moulid, and with Shankar Jaikishan having successfully executed  O Raat Gayi (Boot Polish, 1954) and  Dil Ka Haal Sune Dilwala (Shree 420, 1955) with Manna Dey it is again obvious that Shankar Jaikishna would repeat Manna Dey for this song, whoever would be the actor..

And it was not the sheer momentum that would have led Shankar Jaikishan to opt for two romantic, peppy duets with Manna Dey, when they had set one Mukesh – Lata duet and a Rafi-Mukeshi duet in  Mukesh and Rafi’s voice respectively for Shammi Kapoor in this film.

Jumta Mausam Mast Mahina, Chand Si Gori Ek Hasina, Ya Allah Ya Allah Dil Le Gayi– – With Lata Mangeshkar – Lyrics: Hasrat Jaipuri

An excellent off-the-sets outdoor song, that is as much playful as is romantic. Manna Dey sings the song with a caressingly smooth ease.

Chham Chham Lo Suno Chham Chham, O Suno Chham Chham – With Lata Mangeshkar – Lyrics: Shailendra

Here we have a typical Shankar Jaikishan folk-dance composition, based on a fast dholak-rhythm with a violin-ensemble orchestration. Manna Dey enters at the beginning of the 1st stanza on a very happy, positive note synching melody of the tune with the delivery of the song..

By the time Wallah Kya Baat Hai (1962) was released on the screen, Shammi Kappoor’s happy-go-lucky image formula had tasted great success @ Tumsa Nahi Dekha. Wallah Kya Baat Hai (1962) songs had naturally that Shammi-halo at the core of Shammi’s on-screen songs. Roshan suddenly opts to use Manna Dey for Shammi Kapoor in twin-version song – Katon Ke Saaye Men Phulo Ka Ghar Hai – Vallah Kya Baat Hai (1962) – Roshan – Prem Dhawan

Even when you are soaked with hugely playful Khanke To Khanke KyuN Kahanke, Raat Ko Mera Kangana or a pathos-laden Gam-E-Hasti Se Begana Hota in Mohammad Rafi’s voice, Manna Dey effortlessly slips into Shammi Kapoor’s playback in the first happy version

The second version has a pinch of worry as Shammi Kapoor seems to be in search of his child. The song varies in low to high pitch, maintain a moderately fast rhythm.

Yeh Umar Hai Kaya Rangili – Professor (1962) – Asha Bhosle, Usha Mangeshkar – Shankar Jaikishan – Hasrat Jaipuri

Young Shammi Kapoor is masquerading as an old professor, so Manna Dey(unfortunately) becomes a natural choice to playback for an old Shammi Kappor on the screen.

Tumhen Husn Deke Khuda Ne Sitamgar Banaya – Jab Se Tumhe Dekha Hai (1963) – With  Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle – Dattaram – Anand Baxi

Dattaram chooses Manna Dey to sing for Shammi Kapoor in this qawwali.

Chham Chham Baje Re Payaliya – Jaane Anjaane (1971) – Shankar Jaikishan – S H Bihari

Here, too, Shammi Kapoor is in a disguise of an old classical singer, so call of type-cast would befell on Manna Dey as the playback singer.

This is post-Jaikishan, post-Shailendra song, but Shankar has effortlessly maintained his hold on composing a Manna Dey song.

With Guru Dutt

In fact, to the best of the information that I could verify, most of the songs filmed on Guru Dutt have been played back by Mohammd Rafi, with Jaane Wo Kaiase Jinko Pyar Hi Pyar Mila (Pyaasa, 1957) and  Eetal Ke Ghar Mein Teetal and Umra Hui Phir Bhi Jaane Kyun (Bahurani 1963) being rendered by Hemant Kumar or Tumhi To Meri Pooja Ho (Suhagan, 1964) rendered by Talat Mehamood as only the exceptions.

However, there is one more unusual exceptional song that Manna Dey has indirectly played back for Guru Dutt. The song is Jinhe Naaz Hai Hind Par Woh Kahan Hai, which is recorded as a cover version for the officially filmed Mohammad Rafi classic in Pyaasa (1957)..

At present, we do not have any knowledge as to why this cover version will have been recorded. We have only the end result with us.

We draw curtains to our journey of Manna Dey’s songs for the lead actors, to await the opening bell for the next episode wherein we will continue with our search for Manna Dey’s songs with the second-generation lead actors like Raj Kumar, Rajendra Kumar, Sunil Dutt, Manoj Kumar etc.

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1946 @ SoY – Female Solo Songs – Hamida Bano, Zeenat Begum

Solo Songs of Hamida Bano

Hamida Bano is also a member of Hindi Film World’s Lahore club, who had to remain contended with an ‘also ran’ tag in her career. One can see many more of the songs to her crdit in HFGK for 1946, but YT links to all these songs have not yet been established.

Man Mora Kagaz Kora Kora, Sandesh Likh Dijo – Dharti – Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra

Phool Kali KyoN Maari, Sajan Mori Oonchi Atari – Dharti – Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra

Apni Duniya Mita Ke Kisaki Duniya Basa Chale – Magadhraj – Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra

Mor Bole Ho Oonche Mewadi Paravat Par Koi Mor Bole – Rajputani – Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra

YT uploader has credited the song to Zohrabai Ambalewali

Solo Songs of Zeenat Begum

For the year, Zeenat Begum we see her as a sole elad singer in one film, Jhumke along with a major alternative female playback singer in other films. That simply shows her important place in the Hindi film music at that time as well as the versatility of her voice.. The qualitative aspect of her siniging is well reflected in the quantitative aspect as well.

Pardesi Re Pardesi Re Kahe Chhoda Mera Des Sawan Aaya – Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani – Vasant Desai – Diwan Sharar

Dil Dard Ka Mara Bechara, Badanm Bhi Hai Mashhoor Bhi Hai – Jeewan Yatra – Vasant Desai – Diwan Sharar

Aye Raat Siyah Raat Choopi Raat Bata De – Jeewan Yatra – Vasant Desai – Diwan Sharar

Usne Dekha Maine Dekha Ab Duniya Dekhanewali Hai – Jhumke – Amar Nath –

Jhoom Rahe Jhoom Rahe Matware More Jhumake Jhum Rahe  – Jhumke – Amarnath

Bas Ik Nigah Mein Fitane Jag To Sakati HuN – Jhumke – Amarnath

Bekaar Jiye Koi, Bemaut Mare Koi – Jhumke – Amar Nath

O Bhoolanewale Bata Yaad Aa Raha KyuN – Jhumke – Amar Nath

Unki Yaad Bhula Doon Kaise, Apana Aap Mita Doon Kaise – Humke – Amarnath

Duniya Mein Bhi Nazar Kar O Aasmanwale, Aye Do Jahan Wale – Nek Pravin – Feroze Nizami – Wahid Qureshi

Sun Le Tu  Iltza meri, Sun Le Khuda Meri Dua – Nek Parwin – Feroze Azmi – Wahid Qureshi

Sune Kaun Mujhse Jubani Meri,  Bahut Dukh Bhrr Hai – Paraye Bas Mein – Niyaza Hussain

Apano Se Shikayat Hai Na GairoN Se Gila Hai – Paraye Bas Mein – Vinod

Fariyad Suno Mei Bedard Jahanwalo – Rehana – Qadir Faridi – Tufail Hoshiyarpuri

We will take up Solo Songs of Noor Jehan for the year 1946 for Micro View in our nextepisode.