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Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – January 2020

Welcome to January 2020 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

The first post is about the end of the year –

Oh, what a world – As we get close to the end of the 2010s, it’s difficult to think about the state of the world. The post ends 2019 with four songs of 1940s/50s period of Indian Cinema. About different times, of course (with one even being about ancient times – supposedly), but also – needless to say – very relevant to our own.

Songs of Yore opened the New Year with some nostalgia of Americana @ Romancing the Route 66.

And, now the major event of January 2020 –

January 14, 2020 marked the 101st birth anniversary of poet and social activist Kaifi Azmi. Google Doodles has paid tribute to the legend who was one of the pioneers to bring Urdu poetry to mainstream Hindi films.

Google Doodle pays tribute to famous poet and songwriter Kaifi Azmi on 101st birthday

Google Doodle celebrates Kaifi Azmi’s 101st birth anniversary: Here are some of his best Bollywood songs

दिल को गहराई तक छूने वाले हैं कैफी आजमी के ये शेर

Remembering Kaifi Azmi’s dialogue in verse for the classic Hindi film ‘Heer Raanjha’ – The Progressive writer and film lyricist left his distinctive stamp on the 1970 adaptation of the Punjabi romance. – Chetan Anand’s Heer Raanjha was set in a rugged landscape and revolves around hearty village folk. Kaifi Azmi not only wrote the dialogues of lead charchters but also those of rest of ensemble cast as well.

We pick up other tributes and memories:

Mehfil celebrates ‘C Ramchandra’ Month! with the opening post on his songs that he himself sung, in the name of Chitalkar. This is followed up by –  C Ramchandra – The 1940sC Ramchandra – The 50s (Part I) and C Ramchandra – The 50s (Part II).

Utpal Dutt Today: How would the thespian have fared in the age of Netflix and Chill?Gautam Chintamani – It’s 26 years since Utpal Dutt passed on. Would he have achieved the same glory today with online platforms, where ‘content’ and ‘actor’ surpass the ‘star’, but have a much shorter screen life?

Flawed Genius – Sahir Ludhianvi was many things all at once – a failed romantic, a bitter cynic, a master egotist, a generous mentor, a firm friend. Above all, he was a stellar poet and master lyricist. This, then, is the man on whom the book – Akshay Manwani’s Sahir Ludhianvi: The People’s Poet (Harper Collins Publishers India; ISBN: 978-93-5029-733-9; Rs.399; 320 pages) – shines a spotlight.

The World of Javed Akhtar: 124 Rare Exhibits to Celebrate the Legend’s 75th Year  –  Silhouette Magazine goes backstage to speak to the curators, Pradeep Chandra and S M M Ausaja, and bring an exclusive preview.

Shailendra Sharma @ Golden Era of Bollywood has posted following memorial tribute posts:

In our Manna Dey birth centenary series, after Manna Dey and his contemporary lead actors, we took up Manna Dey’s Comedy Songs, starting with Manna Dey’s songs for Mehmood. The January 2020 episode explores Manna Dey- Mehmood bond from the beginning of Mehmood’s acting career, till blossoming into comedy songs in 1964 with Ziddi songs.

C.I.D. — when Bollywood musical met noir in signature Dev Anand styleSamira Sood -The 1956 classic also introduced one of Hindi cinema’s most loved actors – Waheeda Rehman. Ask anyone born after 1980 and they’ll tell you — if at all they’ve heard of C.I.D. — that the one thing about the movie that has immediate recall is the song Yeh Hai Bombay Meri Jaan.

RD Didn’t Get His Due, But He’ll Never Be Forgotten: Asha BhosleKhalid Mohamed – RD Burman passed away at the age of 54, on 4th January, 1994. And it was only posthumously – or should we say belatedly? – that he has been acknowledged as a music wizard.

January 2020  episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs takes up Jaidev: Brilliant, But Underrated, Composer:  1971, in continuation of the series on Jaidev. The first two articles related to Jaidev’s songs from  1955 to 1963 and from 1964 to 1970 .

Dr. Pradeep Sheety adds: Lata’s NFL Jayate Jayate Jayate … was originally a Kannada film song by Manna Dey, Amber Kumar and Krishna Kalle from the movie KALPAVRIKSHA,1969, with Jaidev’s music. Lyrics by Ku Ra Seetaram Shastri. A lovely song. Unlike the patriotic Hindi version, it is about the role of truthfulness and honesty in life.

We will now take up the articles on other subjects:

Smita Patil’s portrayal of a flawed, messy actor in Bhumika is fascinating and powerfulSamira Sood – Based on memoir of Marathi actor Hansa Wadkar, Smita Patil’s Bhumika, a film by Shyam Benegal, is a brutal & unflinching look at the life of a female movie star in Bombay. Not only Patil’s performance, but also the sensitive writing (Shyam Benegal and Girish Karnad, with Satyadev Dubey for dialogue) shine through.

Amol Palekar interview: ‘The challenge is always to try something else’Nandini Ramnath -One of Indian cinema’s best-loved actors is back with a new play after 25 years. What will it take to make him return to the movies?

Surrogate Songs – The purpose of such songs was really to focus on the lead actors who were quietly enjoying the song and dance, wishing in their hearts they could do it themselves. We will draw upon one song to understand the theme –

Bichhade huye milenge phir kismet ne gar mila diyaPost Box 999 (1958) – – Mohammad Rafi and Asha Bhosle – Kalyanji-Virji Shah – PL Santoshi

To which I have added my own submission –

Jaane Kahan Gayi – Dil Apana Aur Preet Parayai (1960) – Mohammad Rafi – Shankar Jaikishan – Shailendar

Night Songs By Shailendra, by Swapneel Sathe, is a night tour enjoying various flavors of emotions depicted from some selected night songs from the pen Shailendra.

Shabana Azmi is what Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay thought of when he wrote SwamiMadhavi Pothukuchi – The 1977 film is an excellent tribute to Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay’s book, which put the woman and her desires and angst in the forefront.

“Essayed Sisyphean roles with effortless ease” is a short review – for India Today – of a new book about Dilip Kumar – Dilip Kumar: Peerless Icon Inspiring Generations (by Trinetra Bajpai and Anshula Bajpai).

Chashme Buddoor, aka Saeed Jaffrey, and the art of making a small role fill the screenSamira Sood – The 1981 rom com and buddy film starring Saeed Jaffrey shows you don’t have to be centre stage or mainstream to have an impact.

Actor Saeed Jaffrey on the sets of Chashme Buddoor with Deepti Naval and Sai Paranjape | Twitter: @FilmHistoryPic

We end the post with a few songs of Mohammad Rafi, each one of which basically has a link with the topics discussed in the present post, we have picked up:

Apni Chhaya Mein Bhagwan Bitha Le Tu Mujhe – Insaniyat (1955) – C Ramchandra – Rajinder Krishna

Tum Jahan Jaaoge – Chor Darwaza (1965) – Roy Frank –  Kaifi Azmi

Kitana Rangeen Hai Ye Sama – Picnic (1966) – With Asha Bhosle – N Dutta – Sahir Ludhyanavi

Tere Kooche Mein Tera Deewana  – Heer Raanjha (1970) –  Madan Mohan – Kaifi Azmi

Chanpa Khili Daar – Faisla (1974 /1988) – with Asha Bhosle – R D Burman – Majrooh Sultanpuri

I look forward to your inputs to enrich the contents of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

Disclaimer: This monthly series of posts is my best-effort-based compilation of posts on Hindi film songs that I normally visit regularly. As I record my sincere thanks to all the original creators of these posts, any other posts that I have nor covered herein shows my lack of awareness of existence of such posts and is by no means any disrespect to their work. The copyrights to the posts, images and video clips remain the properties of the original creators.

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Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – January 2020

Welcome to January 2020 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

The Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs enters 8th year.

We have tested different formats to explore the world of quality profession. For 2020, we plan to focus on Revisiting Basic Quality Concepts. Our aim is to re-understand their inherent meaning and amplify their importance with reference to the sustained success of the organization.

We will pick up one topic every month. On this platform, we will remain quite brief and will take a quick peep at the reference material. Parallelly, I will, offline, prepare a more detailed briefing note, which shall be available for reading downloading at the click on a given hyperlink. For a complete reading of the relevant article / blogpost, one can continue to visit the blog as has been our past practice.

Our first call this month in this pursuit of Revisiting Basic Quality Concepts is History of Quality.

The History of Quality – Timeline

Civilizations that supported the arts and crafts allowed clients to choose goods meeting higher quality standards rather than normal goods. In societies where arts and crafts are the responsibility of master craftsmen or artists, these masters would lead their studios and train and supervise others.

‘The pillory for selling bad fish [1382] – recorded @ “Chaucer’s World” Chapter I – London Life, pp. 22 -– Compiled by Edith Sickert, first published in 1948 –   is, perhaps, one of the earliest recorded case of redressal of a quality complaint by the aggrieved customer(s).

Craftsmen themselves often placed a second mark on the goods they produced. At first this mark was used to track the origin of faulty items. But over time the mark came to represent a craftsman’s good reputation. Inspection marks and master craftsmen marks served as proof of quality for customers throughout medieval Europe. This approach to manufacturing quality was dominant until the Industrial Revolution in the early 19th century.[1]

But by the 1920s, the focus had shifted from quantity to quality because of increases in demand. Emphasis was also added to ensuring quality was consistent from shipment to shipment. Throughout the century, it quickly became clear that working harder and for longer periods of time was not increasing efficiency. The realization demonstrated that working smarter and employing quality control measures was the way to ultimately yield the most profits.[2]

The Factory System and The Taylor System also remain documented as two major milestones in the history of quality.[3]

The beginning of the 20th century marked the inclusion of “processes” in quality practices. Walter Shewhart began to focus on controlling processes in the mid-1920s, making quality relevant not only for the finished product but for the processes that created it.[4]

Edwards Deming took this one step further. Management, he said, can lead by understanding what he called his “System of Profound Knowledge (SoPK)”.[5] Dr. Deming’s holistic approach to leadership and management ties together seminal theories in four interrelated areas: appreciation for a systemknowledge of variationtheory of knowledgeand psychology. The System of Profound Knowledge promotes transformation through an essential outside “lens” which can benefit anyone and any organization.[6] As well as his System of Profound Knowledge, Deming also presented 14 management principles that he believed could improve efficiency in business, encouraging a holistic approach that encompasses not only business ideas, but concepts centering on how humans operate as well.[7]

Quality management development stages, trends and its main focus and context changesJuozas Ruzevicius

The quality systems and approach to the quality have further matured during these first two decades of 21st century. We’re seeing a few big shifts:

    • Integration: Technology now makes it possible for companies to break down barriers between departments, which has long been a foundational principle of quality management.
    • Big Data: Today’s QMS captures more data than ever, allowing companies to leverage sophisticated reporting and business intelligence tools to build a competitive advantage.
    • Risk Management: Companies are realizing that risk management and quality are inseparably linked, as reflected in the risk-based approaches now being leveraged in recent iterations of ISO 9001.

We’ve come a long way in improving quality. Now the question is how to build on that success. [8]

To end, the present discussion we will take look at – Where is quality headed from here? – A Brief History of Quality – This webinar will provide quality practitioners with a chronological history of quality from its earliest beginnings in mass manufacturing and the need for standardization and efficiency to the present day and the proliferation of national and international quality standards.

[N.B. – Detailed note on History of Quality can be read / downloaded by clicking on the hyper link.]

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the year 2020, we plan to look at the Organizational Culture, as one of the enablers of the sustained success. We will take up one aspect for quick study. Presently, we have taken up – The Organizational Culture – What Is It? – Organizational culture is a system of shared assumptions, values, and beliefs, which governs how people behave in organizations… At its worst, corporate culture can be a drag on productivity and performance. At its best, it is an emotional energizer…Organizational culture is like an iceberg, with most of its weight and bulk below the surface. Don’t leave the organizational iceberg unattended! ..And let’s forget that the culture of any organization is shaped by leadership.

We pause here for a moment  to take note of a series of articles, posted by Tanmay Vora @QAspire on Active Garage during 2009. that touches upon some of the most critical aspects of building a quality-centric organization culture.

We now watch ASQ TV, wherein we look at a few relevant videos:

  • ASQ TV Episode 2: Culture of Quality – This episode of ASQ TV explores the culture of quality. Brien Palmer, author of Making Change Work, gives us an overview of the components of a culture of quality and its importance. Monroe Clinics culture change leads to a leaner healthcare facility. And Kaizen plays an important role in a quality culture.

Jean Harvey article: http://asq.org/quality-progress/2012/05/change-management/make-the-leap.html

  • Culture Of Quality – The episode digs deeper into transforming the organizational culture into a culture of quality.

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems posting for December 2019 is:

  • Sustained Effort – Attention to details and focused follow up typically means the difference between success and failure….We need the confidence to envision bold goals, and the humility to get our hands dirty in order to reach them. We need to keep the big picture firmly in our minds, while giving our attention to all the little details that will get us there…We need clear direction to our efforts and give sustained effort to our visions…It is persistence that helps us succeed at what we strive to accomplish, and success seems to be largely a matter of hanging on after everyone else has let go…Vince Lombardi, the NFL football legend once said, “If you really want something, you can have it if you are willing to pay the price. And the price means that you have to work better and harder than the next guy.”
  • Quality is Secondary – Countless industries had worked for decades to create once awe-inspiring excellence. But faster cycle times and globalization have been able to replace that standard of excellence with a much lower quality and performance level…Partially to blame, as cited by several economists, is something that’s been called the Walmart Effect: driving prices as low as possible and then squeezing out a few more cents from suppliers every few months. .. To compete solely on price, it’s easier to embrace mediocrity…along with their competitors. However, these reduced prices don’t show up in the pockets of associates or customers. ,,, It seems you can find enough people, anyplace in the world, to buy anything—no matter how poor the quality as long as the price is right….Alas, so unfortunately….
  • Adapt – For those who lived through the 90’s there was a realization that decade was a time of rapid change. And for those who believed the 21st century would be no different, were definitely correct…One of the secrets to success and happiness in these changing times is the ability to be flexible – the power to adapt…The Alcoholics Anonymous “serenity” prayer says: Change what you can, accept what you can’t, and cultivate the wisdom to know the difference. To these profound words, one would suggest adding, “believe wholeheartedly in your ability to do both!”

I look forward to your views / comments / inputs to further enrich the subjects of Basics of Quality and Organizational Culture and their role in Creating and Maintaining Sustained Success.

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

[1] Quality in the Medieval Guilds of Europe

[2] A Brief History of Quality Control

[3] Quality Management in the Industrial Revolution

[4] Quality Management in the 20th Century

[5] History of Quality & the Evolution of the Modern Leader

[6] The Deming System of Profound Knowledge® (SoPK)

[7] W. Edwards Deming: From Profound Knowledge to 14 Points for Management – Dr. Joseph A DeFeo

[8] The History of Quality Management – by Rachel Beavins Tracy

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I Liked Music from films

Manna Dey’s Comedy Songs – Mehmood [1]

Manna Dey, with his unique style and unforgettable voice, was marked out among his great peers – what was then known as male playback quartet of Mohammad Rafi, Talat Mahmood, Mukesh and Kishore Kumar. His versatility was unparalleled; his singing could convey the vast gamut of human emotions and he could effortlessly switch from serious songs to musical comedy. His many such songs of ‘50s are still remembered with same passion as they were liked then.

In our previous series of ‘Manna Dey and the contemporary lead actors several shades of Manna Dey’s singing style. With the passage of time, as the share of romantic songs showed a shrinking trend, we see Manna Dey slowly shifting to singing songs that were extremely challenging, but now for the character actors.

Steeped in the tradition of classical music, Manna Dey easily straddled over a diverse range of genres, from khayal and thumris to popular Hindi music with a Western tilt to traditional folk songs and Vaishnav kirtans and even Rabindra sangeet. But it was in his rendition of popular songs with a classical tinge that Manna Dey stood unmatched. It was this very distinctive style that made him an ideal choice for comedy songs on the pattern of classical music.

That also was the time when career of Mehmood, was taking the firm shape of a comedian actor. So it was more natural that Mehmood would gravitate to Manna Dey as his playback voice for creating his own different identity as a THE comedian.

Mehmood

Mehmood (Ali – B: 29-9-1932 – D: 23-7-2004), the eldest of sons the dancing star of ‘40s, Mumtaz Ali, was a very versatile artist who could act, dance or sing. However, he is best known as an actor who took the role of a comedian at par with the leading hero of the film. When he didn’t overstep the mark into the cheap antics or drippy sentimentalism, Mehmood could delight the viewer with pure physical comedy with his mimes and on-the-dot comic timing.

The very early footprints of Mehmood’s career can be seen by minutely observing films Do Bigha Zameen, 1953 (a peanut seller), Nastik, 1954 (a henchman), Pyaasa, 1957, ( hero’s negative shaded brother), C I D, 1960 (a cameraman), Kagaz Ke Phool 1959 etc. His first major break as a comedian was in Paravarish, (1958) and then in Chhoti Behan (1959), where he got nominated as Best Supporting Actor for Filmfare award.

[1]

Here is the first Manna Dey connection song of Mehmood’s beginning of the career –

Chhod Ayodhya Ke Mahal – Sati Pariksha (1957) – Sanmukh Babu – Saraswati Kumar Deepak

The main lead actor for this mythological film was Daljeet. Mehmood seems to have some side role, but his name does appear in the credits.

Mehmood also started getting roles as the main lead actor at the early stage of his career.

We have one more duet, wherein the song is filmed on Mehmood –

Pyar Bhari Ye Ghatayein Raag Milan Ke Sunaye – Qaidi No. 911 (1959) – with Lata Mangeshkar – Dattaram – Hasrat Jaipuri

Mehmood is paired with Nanda in the lead role in the film.

Mehmood was again in the lead role in Pyase Panchhi (1961).

Babu Bol Ke Kaisa Roka Hamne Dhundha Kaisa Mauka – Pyase Panchhi (1961) – with Geeta Dutt – Kalayanji Anandji – Qamar Jalalabadi

The song is duet, classified under ‘teasing songs’. Here Ameeta teases her beloved Mehmood for making him stop where she likes – she conclusively closes the debate at the end of the song. Mehmood facial expressions narrate his innocence of a ‘gentleman’ hero.

This should go as a rare song wherein Kalyanji Anandji have chosen voice of Geeta Dutt !

In 1961, Mehmood also produced his maiden film – Chhote Nawab, where he gave opportunity to R D Burman to take up an independent music direction assignment. All male songs of the film, filmed on Mehmood, were played back by Mohammad Rafi.

Mehmood produced a comic-horror film Bhoot Bangla in 1965. He assigned music direction to R D burman again. R D Burman, now, dared to experiment with voices of Manna Dey and Kishore Kumar,, for the songs on the lead male character.

Aao Twist Karein Jaag Utha Hai Mausam — Bhoot Bungla (1965) – R D Burman – Hasrat Jaipuri

The song, an inspired version of Chubby Checker’s 1961 hit, ‘Let’s Twist Again‘. The song has been sequenced immediately after O Mere Pyar Aaja, a classically oriented song, performed by Tanjua on the screen, as a mockery of the choice for a youth festival competition song. (Does it also ring the warning to the older generation music directors? )

On its own, Aao Twist Karein now stands as a benchmark icon for a ‘western song’ genre in the Hindi Films.

Manna Dey is so heartfully carefree in the delivery of the song, and seems to draw quite a tough competitive line while sinning “J..a…a…g Utha Hai Mausam”,  to Kishore Kumar in the other two songs in the film – Jaago Sonewalo Suno Meri Kahani and Ek Sawal Hai Tum Se Yeh Mera.

Pyar Karta Ja Dil Kaheta Hai, Katon Mein Bhi Phool Khila – Bhoot Bangla (91650  – R D Burman – Hasrat Jaipuri

Manna Dey is once again in his carefree elements in this ‘young’ crowd picnic song. Mark the way plays the prelude alaap or the end the line Payr Karata Jaa, with his own version of yodeling.

Mehmood finds it convenient to give play to his inner comedian streak to deliver the expressions of carefree mood of the song.

On a parallel track he also was getting lucrative, and increasingly successful assignments as a comedian in films like, Sasural (1962), Raakhi (1963), Dil Tera Diwana (1963) etc. The songs filmed on him were either played back by Mukesh (In Sasural) and Mohammad Rafi. Mehmood’s comedian track went on a winning spree, so Mehmood seems to have concentrated on that path of his career.

Manna Dey – Mehmood association took up the shade of comedy song in a classical moulid with Manzil (1960).

Hato Kahe Ko Jhoothi Banao BatiyaN – Manzil (1960) – S D Burman – Majrooh Sultanpuri

S D Burman has conceived this parody of originally Faiyaaz Khan Saheb’s Bhairavi Thumri Are Batiyan Banao Chalo Kahe Ko Jhoothi in all sincere classical mode, and Manna Dey was an ideal choice for the rendition of the song. Mehmood adds his own colors by his facial mannerisms on the screen,

S D Burman maintained this tempo in their next project together as well.

Pyar Ki Aag Mein Tan Badan Jal Gaya – Ziddi (1964) – S D Burman – Hasrat Jaipuri

The practice of sugar-coating a comedy song in classical style moulid seems to have reached perfection now.

Main Tere Pyar Mein Kya Kay Na Bana – Ziddi (1964) – with Geeta Dutt – S D Burman – Hasrat Jaipuri

S D Burman now gives us a pure comedy song, all earnestness.

Use of Geeta Dutt, after such a long time is welcome on one hand but being deployed for a comedy song is not so welcome.

Before we take a short break in our journey of Manna Dey’s comedy songs for Mehmood, we need to take a painful pinch of salt of falling standards of such songs as well. We will take up an out-of-turn song from Naya Zamana (1971), since this was an S D Burman song – the last in Manna Dey – Mehmood – S D Burman comedy song saga.

Aaya MaiN Laya Chalta Firta Hotel – Naya Zamana (1971) – S D Burman – Anand Bakshi

As we will see in our next episode too, the music directors who were instrumental in setting very high standards of Manna Dey’s comedy songs have also been instrumental in creating such abysmal lows in the genre.

For the time being, we will leave this discordant note for break and continue our journey of Manna Dey – Mehmood comedy songs in our next episode too.

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Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – December 2019

Welcome to December 2019 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

First, the major events in December 2019:

Shriram Lagoo (1927-2019): Acting legend and rationalist leaves behind a rich and complex legacyDamini Kulkarni – The legend of the stage and the screen died in Pune at the age of 92 on 17-12-2019

We also take an opportunity to revisit – The Legend of Dr Shriram Lagoo | Tabassum Talkies

A boy called Yusuf – What would Dilip Kumar, who turned 97 on 11-12-2019, say on the identity debate today?

Ten of my favourite Naushad Songs is a tribute to the memory of Naushad who was born on 25 December 1919.

Dharmendra and Sharmila Tagore: Exploring the silver screen journey of two beautiful stars – The two share their birthdays besides having shared a wonderful on-screen chemistry.

Happy Birthday Dharmendra and Sharmila Tagore! – Here are films featuring the pair – Subhash K Jha recounts, Anupama (1966), Devar (1966), Satyakam (1969), Yakeen (1969), Mere Hamdam Mere Dost (1968), Chupke Chupke (1975), Ek Mahal Ho Sapno Ka (1975), Sunny (1984)  as the 8 films the duo have done together.

Also read:

We pick up other tributes and memories:

Shailendra — the Leftist poet and Dalit genius whose lyrics define beauty of simplicity – 14 December marks the 53rd death anniversary of the artist who died at the young age of 43. Regardless of his fame, Shailendra fundamentally remained a “people’s poet” .

From Hindi film music to raga-based symphonies, the remarkable journey of Anthony GonsalvesNaresh Fernandes – The renowned musician, whose fifth death anniversary is on January 18, merged the Western classical music of his Goan heritage with Hindustani melodies. (Reposting of an Jan 18, 2017 article)

Geeta Dutt – The Artist and Her Art – Geeta Dutt identified artistic “inspiration as the cause of divine fires in the creator, fires which result in his frenzied seeking after artistic perfection”. Sounak Gupta pays tribute to the artist and her art that went way beyond the limits of technique.

The Legends: Geeta Dutt presents a bare handful of songs that showcase Geeta Roy/Dutt’s immense talent,, with as many of the music directors she worked with as possible. A small representative sample form the list –

I have added Kareeb Aao Na Tadapao – Love Marriage (1959) – Shankar Jaikishan – Shailendra to the list.

The Legends: Geeta Dutt – Part 2 lists Geeta Dutt’s duets with as many singers as can be possible. Let us recall a few rarely heard duets form this list:

Raah Bani Khud Manzil – The Lingering Effect of Hemant Kumar Part 1  – His music spelt class and showcased quality. His deep, resonant, sonorous and haunting voice cast a spell on his listeners. Vasanti Limaye pays a tribute to Hemant Kumar, singer and composer. In Part II, the author explores some of his compositions of merit and his opus as a music director in Hindi films.

Hemant Kumar and Geeta Dutt rehearse with Rahul Dev Burman, then the youngest music director in 1961 (Pic: SMM Ausaja)[1]
Shailendra Sharma @ Golden Era of Bollywood has posted following memorial tribute posts:

In our series Manna Dey and his contemporary lead actors, the December 2019 episode remembers his songs with Sanjeev Kumar and Rajesh Khanna. We have covered Manna Dey’s songs with main stream lead actors Dilip Kumar, Dev Anand, Raj Kapoor, Ashok Kumar, Balraj Sahni, David Abraham, Bharat Bhushan and Kishore Kumar, Shammi Kapoor and Guru Dutt, Raaj Kumar and Rajendra Kumar, Prem Nath, Pradeep Kumar and Sunil Dutt; with Dharmendra, Shashi Kapoor, Manoj Kumar, Pran and Joy Mukherjee till now.

[N.B. – All seven episodes of the series ‘Manna Dey and His Contemporary Lead Actors’ can be viewed / downloaded as one file by clicking on the hyperlink.]

In a series on Ravi, SoY has two more articles: Ravi’s ‘other’ female playback singer: Lata Mangeshkar and Ravi’s many-splendoured genius with the ‘other’ singers

Bollywood stars who died penniless – The list includes such stars as Chandra Mohan, Mater Bhagwan, Bharat Bhushan, A K Hangal, Sulochana (Ruby Myers), Cukoo (Moray), Achala Sachdev, Vimi, Nalini Jaywant, Meena Kumari, Parveen Babi. Of course, the list can run into several pages

“Yeh Chaman Hamara Apna Hai” – Sulochna Latkar who recently turned 90 in July stays away from the limelight in the Prabhadevi area which is near Mumbai’s famous Siddhi Vinayak Temple. Film ‘Ab Dilli Door Nahin’s famous song ‘Ye Chaman Hamara Apna Hai …’ was picturised on Sulochna and Master Romi.

December, 2019 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs takes up Mohammad Rafi’s First Solo Song With The Music Director: 1961

This was followed up by the third part of the years 1962 & 1963 of the 4th Five Year Period of Mohammad Rafi’s maiden solo song with a music director

[N.B. – All three episodes of the 4th Five Year Period of Mohammad Rafi’s First solo with a Music director : 1959 – 1963 can be downloaded as one file by clicking on the link.

We will now take up the articles on other subjects:

Shades of The Moon in the songs wherein direct help from the moon is sought for different tasks, e.g. Chandrama Ja Unse Keh De – Bharat Milap (1965) – Lata Mangeshkar & Mahendra Kapoor / Vasant Desai – Bharat Vyas  | Chanda Ja Chanda Ja Re Ja – Man Mauji (1964) Lata Mangeshkar / Madan Mohan – Rajendra Krishan

Short review – F-Rated: Being a Woman Filmmaker in India is a wide-ranging publication, by   Nandita Dutta, that tells individual stories while also probing cinematic tropes, trends and viewer demographics. The book comprises of interviews with and profiles of important Indian filmmakers, from veterans Aparna Sen and Mira Nair to Alankrita Srivastava and Nandita Das. In the process, the book presents the preferred themes and working styles of these artists, about the challenges they face as they balance profession with home life or the demands of parenthood – or cope with extra scrutiny, condescension and even sexual harassment.

Ten of my favourite ‘recording studio’ songs on radio, for albums, and so on, in which the ‘singer’ (the actor or actress lip-syncing to the song) is shown singing in a recording studio. Here are a few of the less heard songs from this list –

In the third concluding article, Best songs of 1946: Wrap Up 3, of the on-going series of Best songs of 1946: And the winners are?, Aawaz de kahan hai – Surendra and Noorjehan (Anmol Ghadi, Naushad), and Ek yaad kisi ki yaad rahi – GM Durrani and Shamshad Begum (Shama, Ghulam Haider) have been adjudged joint winners in the duets category.

[N.B. : All the episodes of The Micro View of Best Songs of 1946: Duets can be read / downloaded from one file, by clicking on the hyper link.]

In the final wrap-up article, Best songs of 1946: Final Wrap Up 4, the SoY Award for the Best Music Director of 1946 goes to Naushad.  And, special mention is made of Ghulam Haider and Hansraj Bahal for their outstanding music in the year.

[N.B. – All the episodes of The Micro View of Best Songs of 1946 can be read / downloaded from one file, by clicking on the hyper link.

We end the post with a few songs of Mohammad Rafi, each one of which basically has a link with the topics discussed in the present post, we have picked up:.

Lagi Hai Aag Dil Mein – Hulchul (1951) – with Lata Mangeshkar – Mohammad Safi – Khumar Barabanqvi

Main Bhi Jawan Hu Tu Bhi Jawan – Do Dulhe (1955) – with Geeta Dutt – B S Kalla  – Pt. Indra

Zara Si Baat Pyar Ki Zubaan Se Nikal Gayi – Salaam Memsaab (1961) – with Suman Kalyanpur  – Ravi – Asad Bhopali

Sudh Bisar Gayee Aaj – Sangeet Samrat Tansen (1962) – with Manna Dey – S N Tripathi – Shailendra

Ghar Tum Bhula Na Doge, Sapne Yeh Sach Hoge – Yakeen (1969) – Shankar Jaikishan – Hasrat Jaipuri [and its Lata Mangeshkar twin version]

Till we met again in 2020, here is wishing all a great, eventful and fruitful 2020.

Disclaimer: This monthly series of posts is my best-effort-based compilation of posts on Hindi film songs that I normally visit regularly. As I record my sincere thanks to all the original creators of these posts, any other posts that I have nor covered herein shows my lack of awareness of existence of such posts and is by no means any disrespect to their work. The copyrights to the posts, images and video clips remain the properties of the original creators.

[1] Additional reference: Geeta Dutt with newer generation of composers @ end of the article

P.S. – All episodes of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music  for 2019 can be viewed / downloaded as a single file by clicking on the hyper link.

Categories
Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – December 2019

Welcome to December 2019 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

Our core subject of Quality Management – Road Ahead to Digital Transformation during the year 2019, we have covered The Basics of Digitization, Digitalization and Digital Transformation, The foundation of the Digital Quality Management, Quality 4.0 and Industry 4.0 technologies Big Data Analytics, Cloud computing, Robotics, Augmented Reality, Simulation, Additive Manufacturing, Industrial Internet of Things  and Horizontal and Vertical System Integration.

We will now take up last of the nine disruptive technologies of Industry 4.0 –– Cybersecurity.

Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting systems, networks, and programs from digital attacks. These cyberattacks are usually aimed at accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information; extorting money from users; or interrupting normal business processes…A successful cybersecurity approach has multiple layers of protection spread across the computers, networks, programs, or data that one intends to keep safe. In an organization, the people, processes, and technology must all complement one another to create an effective defense from cyber-attacks.[1]

Cybersecurity in Industry 4.0 has an immediate effect on CPS, the Internet of Things (IoT) and the Internet of Services (IoS).

Industry 4.0 and its connection with Internet and Information and Communication Technologies. (Source: Germany Trade & Invest. 2013)-

Each brings its own range of threats, vulnerabilities and possible challenges/safeguards with regard to cybersecurity. Below, a number of these are outlined:

Cybersecurity must therefore be thought of as a protective mechanism, but also, especially, as a basic requirement in order for business to continue.[2] That is where the quality management core principles come into the play and so-called traditional quality people need to learn these new concepts so as to help build good practices, work groups and reference architectures.

The seven steps of a cyber-attack, which can lead to dire consequences. To prepare oneself against such an attack and to reduce the attack vector, one should design a six-step approach.

The three-pillar approach to cyber security consists of people, process, and data and information.

The first pillar is people. People are an easy target to pick the bite of the phishing bait, Through frequent exposure and regular training, your organization will develop a culture of cyber security awareness. The second of the three pillars is process. The process pillar is made up of multiple parts: management systems, governance, policies and procedures and managing third parties. All of these parts must be addressed for the process pillar to be effective.

When all is said and done about Industry 4.0 or Quality 4.0 in these sets of episodes, the message that very clearly seems to come out is that Quality 4.0 Takes More Than Technology – To effectively implement Quality 4.0—the technological as well as the non-technological aspects—companies should take a structured approach that includes the following elements:

    • Prioritize pain points to address first on the basis of potential to unlock value and reduce risk;
    • Identify, test and scale up use cases. Begin implementation with proof-of-concept (PoC) pilots that focus on high-value use cases.;
    • Develop a vision and road-m which articulates how Quality 4.0 promotes the company’s overall business strategy and how it contributes to creating a sustainable competitive advantage.
    • Establish technology and data enablers of Quality 4.0, including the IoT infrastructure and data architecture;
    • Build the required skills – whether by upskilling or retraining the current workforce or by recruiting digital specialists;
    • Manage the changes across the enterprise, including the implementation of a comprehensive digital strategy;
    • Foster a quality culture through an across-the-organization involvement in the necessary changes to the context in which people work, addressing topics such as metrics and incentives, role mandates, and organizational structures.

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up article, Digitizing Culture: Are You Doing It Wrong? on Insights and Analysis From Gallup column of Management Matters Network ….

      • It’s crucial for companies to create an effective digital workplace culture
      • Digital culture is even harder to get right than in-person culture
      • Culture tools are only as good as the way they’re used

We also have one more article  that deals with the process of (digital) transformation – Thawing the frozen middle – As businesses put trillions of dollars into digital transformations, they need a plan to ensure that middle management is helping make the most of the investment… Transformation failures are not caused by one person or one single issue. By understanding the psyche of the middle management layer, CEOs can identify the levers that will work and unlock the benefits of transformation. It’s a matter of focusing on human capital and valuing the skills that their people have and can develop. They can then redeploy their creative, resilient, upskilled people to tackle more problems and create more value. Technology fundamentally changes the role of middle managers, but it simultaneously makes them even more important.

We now watch ASQ TV, wherein we look at a few relevant videos:

    • Cybersecurity in Retail – What is cybersecurity? Learn what it is, why it’s important and how it can make or break your business.
    • Protect Your Organization From Cyber Attacks – Dave Nelson, Founder, Pratum, offers practical suggestions to protect your organization from cyber-attacks. Nelson suggests using gap analysis and process mapping to make sure you have adequate security and, in case of an attack, have sound processes in place to mitigate the damage.

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems posting for November 2019 is:

    • Excuses – It’s a safe bet that everyone has used excuses to avoid doing something or to delay the inevitable… It is much easier to give in to the excuses. However, when you do give in all you’re left with is regret…Rather than take the easier path by using the excuses, it is more difficult to do those things you know you’re capable of doing. From that difficulty, however, comes the golden experience of the life you were meant to experience… All you have to lose are those excuses and a lot of regret but there is so much more to be gained.
    • Growth – In some way, personal growth is almost always uncomfortable. However, refusing to grow is often, in the long run, much more uncomfortable… To grow, it requires that we admit where we’re weak and then work to strengthen those aspects of our life – personal and professional… Whatever is going on in our life this very moment offers valuable opportunities for us to grow stronger, more effective, and more positively directed toward real fulfillment…. Embrace these opportunities even though they may seem a little uncomfortable… And as we grow, the positive possibilities will grow even more superlative in our world.

This brings us to the end of our journeys to the Carnival of Blogs on Quality Management for the year 2019. Till we meet to resume our journey in 2020, with a fresh look on the fundamentals, I wish you all a great year-end that provides a strong jumping board to more challenging, more fulfilling and more satisfying 2020.

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

[1] What Is Cybersecurity?

[2] Cybersecurity in Industry 4.0

P.S. – All episodes of Quality Blog Carnival 2019 edition can be viewed / downloaded in a unified file by clicking the hyper link.

Categories
I Liked Music from films

Manna Dey and Contemporary Lead Actors – 7

We have covered Manna Dey’s songs with main stream lead actors Dilip Kumar, Dev Anand, Raj Kapoor, Ashok Kumar, Balraj Sahni, David Abraham, Bharat Bhushan and Kishore Kumar, Shammi Kapoor and Guru Dutt, Raaj Kumar and Rajendra Kumar, Prem Nath, Pradeep Kumar and Sunil Dutt , Dharmendra, Shashi Kapoor, Manoj Kumar, Pran, Joy Mukherjee in the present series till now.

We have reached end of ‘50s in the Manna Dey’s career. With that we will now also enter a third phase if career, wherein he playbacks for some of the third – generation lead players.

With Sanjeev Kumar (a.k.a. Harihar Jethalal Jariwala) [B: 9 July 1938 | D: 6 November 1985]

Sanjeev Kumar technically entered Hindi film with a very minor role of a polic offcer in Hum Hindustani (1960). He then got a role of a side-kick of Joy Mukherjee in Aao Pyar Karein (1964) – seen as one of the sycophant friend in Ye Jhuki Jhuki Si Nigahein Teri. His first step in lead role was Nishan (1965), a Wadia Brothers make B grade film.

Humkadam Humsafar Humnashi HumzubaN, Mast Apne Hal Mein Zinda Diilo Ka KarwaN – Nishan (1965) – With Usha Khanna, Mahendra Kapoor – Usha Khanna – Javed Anwar (a.k.a. Manohar Lal Sharma (father of Usha Khanna)

A boy of teen age years, in the opening lines of the song, Sanjeev Kumar transforms into a young man in the first stanza – so apt a metaphor that also mirrors Sanjeev Kumar’s graduation to lead roles.

As had been the case with several earlier lead actors covered in this series, Manna Dey sings here for Sheikh Mukhtar, who grooms Sanjeev Kumar in the film. So to say, Manna Dey plays the (indirect) role in mentoring Sanjeev Kumar to scale the heights of an illustrious histrionic career.

Apne Liye Jiye To Kya Jiye – Badal (1966) – Usha Khanna – Javed Anwar

Sanjeev Kuamr’s run with B grade film continues, so too continues his association with songs composed by Usha Khanna, who give Manna Dey a quite known, but underplayed in the Hindi film history, song in two versions

Part 1

Part 2

Mit Jogi Banke O Gori Aaya Hai Ab Tere Dware, Saiyan Se Gori Nazare Mila Le  – Badal (1966) – Usha Khanna – Asad Bhopali

Manna Dey easily matches the playful, mischievous mood of the song.

Soch Ke Ye Gagan Zoome, Abhi Chand Nikal Ayega – Jyoti (1965) – with Lata Mangeshkar – S D Burman – Anand Bakshi

Sanjeev Kumar is in the lead role, along with one of those very unlucky, but highly, talented actress Nivedita.

Kanhaiya O Kanhaiya Koyi Murali Ki Taan Suna De, Mere Tann Mann Mein Aag Laga De, Laga De – Rajaa Aur Rank (1968) – with Lata Mangeshkar, Kaumudi Munshi – Laxmikant Pyarelal – Anand Bakshi

Sanjeev Kumar can be said to have started gaining the escape velocity in this film.., Manna Dey sings his lines in the background as a narrator.

Aye Dost Maine Duniya Dekhi Hai – Sachchai (1969)- With Mohammad Rafi – Shankar  Jaikishan – Rajinder Krishna

The first sign of transformation of Sanjeev Kumar’s stature is a major role with Shammi Kapoor.

In Part 1 Sanjeev Kumar plays philosophical

In Part 2, the roles are reversed and Shammi Kapoor becomes philosophical.

Phir Kahi Koi Phool Khila – Anubhav (1971) Kanu Roy – Kapil Kumar

Not directly lip-synched by Sanjeev Kumar on the screen, the film marks Sanjeev Kumar’s footprint as an accomplished actor.

Manna Dey’s singing career, too, has passed through such turns.

Goyake Chunanche….Ho Naache Gaye jhoom Ke – Manoranjan (1974) – with Kishore Kumar and Asha Bhosle – R D Burman – Anand Bakshi

Here too Sanjeev Kumar has successfully charted his course as lead actor who plays a common police man. Rise of his stature is manifested by Kishore Kumar as his play-back voice.

In the reversal of roles that we had earlier seen the Sachchai song, Manna Dey playsback for Shammi Kapoor here.

Bindiya Jagaye Bindiya Jagaye Ho Rama, Nindiya Na Aaye Haye Bindiya Jagaye – Daasi (1984) – Ravindra Jain – Ravindra Jain

Manna Dey is possibly chosen more for the ground of song being based on classical mode, but can be taken as metaphor of Sanjeev Kumar having reached the peak of fame as an actor, to whom Manna Dey’s playback  suits as much as that by Bhupinder.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gbjEBDz82Gw

with Rajesh Khanna (a.k.a. Jatin Khanna)

He made his film debut in the 1966 film Aakhri Khat, directed by Chetan Anand, followed by Raaz, directed by Ravindra Dave, both of which were a part of his predetermined prize for winning the All-India United Producers’ Talent Competition. G.P. Sippy and Nasir Hussain were the first to sign Rajesh Khanna after he won the contest.

Rajesh Khanna went onto chart a blockbuster career as the First Superstar of Indian Cinema, keeping in toe Kishore Kumar as his THE playback voice. But, he also enacted acting-as-an-art intensive roles as well. It was Manna Dey who was in his good company in such toles.

Chunari Sambhal Gori Udi Udi Jaaye Re, Maar Na De Dankh Kahin, Nazae  Kahin Haaye – Baharo Ke Sapne (1967) – with Lata Mangeshkar – R D Burman – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Baharo Ke Sapne was Nasir Hussain’s low-budget project to keep the unit engaged while his Teesari Manzil was getting delayed.

Perhaps to continue the set trend of Manna Dey’s career, here too Manna Dey directly plays back for Anwar Hussain on the film, but the focus of the song is on Rakesh khanna

For the records, this remains Manna Dey’s sole hit for the banner

Zindagi Kaisi Hai Paheli Haae – Anand (1970) – Salil Chowdhury – Yogesh

Rajesh Khanna too charts on to a parallel track of acting in non-commercial films.

For the song Manna Dey was THE choice of Salil Chowdhury.

Tum Bin Jeevan Kaisa Jeevan – Bawarchi (1972) – Madan Mohan – Kaifi Azmi

Once again Manna Dey comes in to playback for Rajesh  Khanna in a non-commercial lead role.

Bhor Aayee Gaya Andhiyara – Bawarchi (1972) – With Harindranath Chattopadhyay, Kishore Kumar, Nirmala Devi, Laxmi Shankar  – Madan Mohan – Kaifi Azmi

Madan Mohan has also charted a non-commercial track by selecting of payback singers  from classical sinigang for female singers and Hridaynath Chattopadhyay sininging for himself. Manna Dey fits into the scheme of things like a T.

Hasne Ki Chaah Ne Kitana Hamein Rulaya Hai – Aavishkar (1974) – Kanu Roy – Kapil Kumar

Here too Manna Dey does not directly playback for Rajesh Khanna, but the song remains a landmark in the careers of Rajesh Khanna as well as Manna Dey.

Mere Lal Tum To Hamesha The Mere Mann Ki Abhilasha Mein – Aavishkar (1974) – Kanu Roy – Kapil Kumar

In the narrowest scope, the song would fall into a background song genre. However, I have selected it here as a token of demonstrating virtuosity of Manna Dey’s voice, with Rajesh Kahanna in the focus as an additional justification !

Gori Tori Paijaniya…..Man Khole Bhed – Mehbooba (1976) – R D Burman – Anand Bakshi

Rajesh Khanna being ina masquerading track and the song taking up a classical base, makes Manna Dey as the ideal choice to sing the song.

Aamli Ki Taamli GaoN Mein – Prem Bandhan (1979) – with Asha Bhosle – Laxmikant Pyarelal – Anand Bakshi

Laxmikant Pyarelal must have preconceived Manna Dey as the singer for the song to playback for Rajesh Khanna as an oldish head of the tribe on the screen.

We plan to transit for Manna Dey as singer for the lead actors to Manna Dey as the singer of comedy songs in our next episode on Manna Dey and Mahmood.

All seven episodes of the series ‘Manna Dey and His Contemporary Lead Actors’ can be viewed / downloaded as one file by clicking on the hyperlink.
Categories
Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – November 2019

Welcome  to November 2019 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

Theatre and film actor Shaukat Kaifi passes away at the age of 91. Shaukat Kaifi is best known for her work in Umrao Jaan (1981), Baazaar (1982) and Garm Hava (1973). She was last seen in Saathiya (2002).

We pick up other tributes and memories:

In our last episode we had featured Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3 of Lata with Lesser Known Composers. It’s time now for the fourth part of the series, based on Lata Mangeshkar’s association with lesser known composers.

We also continue with tribute articles on S D Burman-

When India’s first international film festival was suspected to be a ‘communist shenanigan’ – When Frank Capra arrived at India’s first international film festival to foil a ‘Soviet conspiracy’ – According to film historian Amrit Gangar, both the superpowers had an eye on newly independent India and IFFI 1952 provided a useful platform to somehow influence the India’s global-political stance.

Seeing Red: Frank Capra with Nargis, Suraiya and others in Bombay. (Photos: Films Division)

The Golden Thread of Bengali Cinema: A Journey Through 100 Years – Coinciding with the Kolkata International Film Festival 2019, the National Museum in collaboration with Shivendra Singh Dungarpur of the Film Heritage Foundation (FHF) and author, film historian and archivist SMM Ausaja unveiled a grand exhibition to celebrate the glorious history of Bengali cinema through rare film memorabilia. The exhibition opened on 8 November, 2019 and will be on display for a month.

“I Was Born Free,” Raakhee Gulzar Speaks Her Heart Out – Rakhee inaugurated the Festival.

Finally, a film about Annapurna Devi that unpacks the legend behind the Hindustani musician – Nirmal Chander Dandriyal’s ‘Guru Maa’ was screened in Mumbai on October 13 and 14, 2019.

Millennial Review: Pati Patni Aur Woh Is About a Pathological LiarPati Patni Aur Woh is loaded with normalised patriarchal themes. Sanjeev Kumar’s character, despite its faults, is a subtle reaffirmation of the ‘boys will be boys’ sentiment. The film is still enjoyable because of Sanjeev Kumar’s acting.

The Charismatic Ashok Kumar Upstaged Raj Kapoor At His Own WeddingThis story is from The Quint’s archives and was first published on 10 December 2015 to mark Ashok Kumar’s death anniversary. It is now being republished to mark Dadamoni’s 108th birth anniversary.

Remembering V Shantaram: 76 Years On, a Look at His Iconic Studio – Mumbai’s Rajkamal Kalamandir studio – which has spawned over 2,000 films – still lives on amidst the twisty lanes of the once exclusive industrial belt of the city.

The entrance to the studio. – Photo: Khalid Mohammed

Shailendra Sharma @ Golden Era of Bollywood has posted following memorial tribute posts:

Documentary ‘Starring Sharmila Tagore’ is an incomplete portrait of a life less ordinary – When Sharmila Tagore was cast in Satyajit Ray’s Apur Sansar in 1957, she was just 13. She went on to star in some of Ray’s greatest movies, including Devi, Nayak and Aranyer Din Ratri.

In our series Manna Dey and his contemporary lead actors, the November, 2019 episode remembers his songs with Dharmendra, Shahsi Kapoor, Manoj Kumar, Pran and Joy Mukherjee. We have covered Manna Dey’s songs with main stream lead actors Dilip Kumar, Dev Anand, Raj Kapoor, Ashok Kumar, Balraj Sahni, David Abraham, Bharat Bhushan and Kishore Kumar, Shammi Kapoor and Guru Dutt, Raaj Kumar and Rajendra Kumar, Prem Nath, Pradeep Kumar and Sunil Dutt till now.

Ravi: Booster rocket for Mahendra Kapoor – Mahendra Kapoor’s career dated back to 1953 as a singer in Madmast (1953), composed by V Balsara, in a duet with Ghan Indorewala, Kisi ke zulm ki tasveer hai majdoor ki basti. The biggest boost for him came from Ravi who became a regular for BR Chopra Films, after their initial collaboration with various other music directors

November, 2019 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs takes up Salil Chowdhury and Shailendra’s Songs Fading From the Memory – 1956 in continuation to their songs for the years 1953 to 1955 and those of film Awaz last year...

And, now commence the posts on other subjects.

I Never Questioned My Father Kishore Kumar About His 4 Marriages: Amit Kumar – Amit Kumar reminisces about his father.

Image Source: learning and creativity

By the Sea Shore – 2 is a follow though article of pre-1970 song list picturised on a seashore. The present list presents songs of the 1980s and the 1990s.

Ten of my favourite Songs of Nature are the songs that celebrate nature, songs that appreciate the beauty of nature, e.g. Pighla hai sona door gagan pe (Jaal, 1952)

How Vijay Anand’s classic film ‘Guide’ tackles the delicate subject of adultery, but two years earlier, in the 1963 film, Yeh Rastey Hain Pyar Ke, the married woman’s lover was demonised and killed.

 

Journey of a Song from Karbala to Guide, immortalised by Dada Burman is a collection of various versions of the original song adopted by Burman Da from a Bengali folk singer Abbasuddin Ahmed’s song.

It’s Lakshmibai Mania! – After the 1953 film, there was not another movie made about Lakshmibai for a long, long time. But now that situation has completely changed. By the end of the present year, 2019, we will have had two highly visible and much-anticipated films about the Queen of Jhansi released on the international market. On top of that, we find two substantial novels on the subject that came out within the past dozen years, and one can also notice that on YouTube a Lakshmibai serial and Lakshmibai cartoons and all kinds of documentary works. The post is a review of the scenario…

In the second concluding article, Best songs of 1946: Wrap Up 2, of the on-going series of Best songs of 1946: And the winners are?, Noor Jehan is adjudged Jawan Hai Muhabbat Hasen Hai Jamana. In the meanwhile we have concluded The Micro View of Duets with My Top Duets and that of music directors with My Top Music Directors. All the episodes of The Micro View of Best Songs of 1946 can be read / downloaded from one file, by clicking on the hyper link.

We end the post with a few songs of Mohammad Rafi, each one of which basically has a link with the topics discussed in the present post, we have picked up:.

Gajab Hua Ram Sitam Hua Ram – Agra Road (1957) – with Geeta Dutt – Roshan – Prem Dhawan

Ja Ja Tujhe Ham Jaan Gaye – Sehra (1963) – with Lata Mangeshkar – Ramlal – Hasrat Jaipuri

Kaisi Haseen Aaj Baharon Ki Raat Hai – Aadmi (1968) – with Mahendra Kapoor – Naushad – Shakeel Badayuni

Mera Man Tera Pyasa – Gambler (1971) – S D Burman – Neeraj

I earnestly solicit your inputs for further broad-basing our cache for the content for our carnival of blogs on the Golden Era of Hindi film music.

Disclaimer: This monthly series of posts is my best-effort-based compilation of posts on Hindi film songs that I normally visit regularly. As I record my sincere thanks to all the original creators of these posts, any other posts that I have nor covered herein shows my lack of awareness of existence of such posts and is by no means any disrespect to their work. The copyrights to the posts, images and video clips remain the properties of the original creators.

Categories
Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – November, 2019

Welcome to November, 2019 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

Our core subject of Quality Management – Road Ahead to Digital Transformation during the year 2019, we have covered The Basics of Digitization, Digitalization and Digital Transformation, The foundation of the Digital Quality Management, Quality 4.0 and Industry 4.0 technologies Big Data Analytics, Cloud computing, Robotics, Augmented Reality, Simulation, Additive Manufacturing and Industrial Internet of Things..

We will now take up eighth of the nine disruptive technologies of Industry 4.0 – Horizontal and Vertical System Integration

The phrases “horizontal integration” and “vertical integration” are well known from a number of contexts. From the operational perspective, a horizontally integrated company focuses its techniques around its core competencies and establishes partnerships to build out an end-to-end value chain. A vertically integrated company, on the other hand, keeps as much of its value chain in-house as it can—from product development to manufacturing, marketing, sales, and distribution.

When it is about production, horizontal integration has come to refer to well-integrated processes at the production-floor level equally, while vertical integration means that the production floor is tightly coordinated with higher-level business processes such as procurement and quality control.

When it comes to horizontal integration, Industry 4.0 envisions connected networks of cyber-physical and enterprise systems that teach unrivaled levels of automation, flexibility, and operating effectiveness into production processes – on the shop floor, by connecting machines and production units as an object with well-defined properties within the production network;  across multiple production facilities, by sharing the production facility data seamlessly all over the whole enterprise and  across the entire value chain, by data transparency and high levels of automated collaboration over the upstream supply and logistics chain that provisions the production processes themselves in addition to the downstream chain that gives the finished products to market.

Vertical integration in Industry 4.0 endeavors to tie together all logical layers inside the organization from the field layer (i.e., the production floor) up through R&D, quality assurance, product management, IT, sales and marketing, et cetera. Data flows freely and transparently up and down these layers to ensure both strategic and tactical decisions can be data-driven.[1]

Vertical and horizontal integration under Industry 4.0 (graphic by [VDI-Wissensforum]

Given the increasing complexity of operations, many companies find Lean techniques are not enough to address competitive pressure. By deploying the right combination of industry 4.0 technologies, manufacturers can boost speed, efficiency, and coordination and even facilitate self-managing factory operations.[2]

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up article, Every Leader Has to Start Somewhere! by Marshall Goldsmith. on Things Manager Should Know column of Management Matters Network …. “Every leader has to start somewhere. This is just the fact of the matter. And, another fact? Not every leader, even some of the greatest leaders of our time, start off with flying colors.[3]

We now watch ASQ TV, wherein we look at a few recent videos:

    • Customer Expectations: Quality and Technology – In this episode of ASQTV looks at us, the customer. However, the discussions have full alignment w.r.t. meeting customer expectations. The discussion is applicable cases of all types customers, too.

Arun Hariharan Interview – HERE

Jim Duarte Interview – HERE

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems posting for October, 2019 is:

    • Mentor Effectively – It takes toughness to be effective- I’ve worked with managers who were reluctant to tell people they managed the tough but much needed advice that they were not doing well and that they needed to address their weaknesses. This reluctance to deliver “bad news” can be so pervasive that it has essentially become part of the culture.,,, The issue is two-fold—avoid correcting mistakes for fear of being seen as critical and may even avoid entire areas of development because the apprehension that it may lead to “negative” conversations… The result is an abundance of careers that are unsustainable—just waiting for the knockout punch of reality. That punch, maybe not foreseeable in the short-term, always comes!,, The ability to persevere and dedicate effort and passion to a task often outperforms pure talent. It is perseverance than unveils talent. What may look like a weakness may just be talent that is underdeveloped.
    • Thought Power – Henry Ford hit the target when he said “Whether you think you can, or you think you can’t – you’re right.” …The person that you are acts steadily and powerfully in accordance with your most genuine thoughts. When you think it, there is a part of you that immediately begins to make it happen.. Your thoughts control and direct the dynamic energy that is your life. In each moment, in each situation and in response to each challenge, you can choose the thoughts that serve you best… Your thoughts are actually paving the road for your life’s journey…. Mike Dooley, entrepreneur and best-selling author, says “Choose Them wisely: Thoughts Become Things.” This is called Thought Power.

I look forward to receiving your inputs / suggestions that can further enrich our discussions on the subject of Digitalization in the Quality Management

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

[1] Horizontal and Vertical Integration in Industry 4.0

[2] The new lean: how lean manufacturing meets industry 4.0

[3] A Conversation with Marshall Goldsmith and Sam Shriver

Categories
I Liked Music from films

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1946 @ SoY – MY Top Music Director(s)

As the Journey of Micro-Viewing the songs of a given year has progressed, backwards  in terms of the chronology of the years, the task of selecting TOP music director has become an exercise that is getting severely affected by MY limited exposure to the pre-1950 songs. Music directors with whose work I am more acquainted were making initial tentative strides in the years before 1949. Some of the otherwise familiar music directors, like Naushad or Anil Biswas, had not yet fully graduated to post-1950 styles. The Hindi Film Music field of post-1950 years was to so dramatically changed that criteria like number of films in year, or number popular songs in year seem carrying no purpose.

As such, therefore this exercise essentially remains MY micro-summary View of the songs from rests mainly on one of dimension, that of songs of the music director(s) that I liked most. However, I have included two other parameters too in this Micro View. Nonetheless, this review does not male any claim to be a review of overall impact a music director has made in that year.

So, here we go into MY mico-view of the Top Music Director(s) for the year 1946:

The review parameters that form the base of discussin are:

  • Music directors of the films appearing in the heading image of the overview post Best songs of 1946: And the winners are?’,
  • Top Box-oofice grossers for the year and
  • The quantitative summary of Music directors whose songs appear in MY TOP micro-view of other three dimensions, viz. of Solo songs of Male Playnack Singers, Solo songs of Female Playback Singers and the Duets.

A] SoY over-view post banner

The banners of SoY over view posts fairly faithfully reflect the most noted films of the given year from the view of the songs and music of the films in that year.

For 1946, we have Anmol Ghadi and Shajehan (Music Director: Naushad Ali), Eight Days (Music Director: S D Burman), and Safar (Music Director: C Ramchandra).

Over and above Anmol Ghadi and Shajehan, Naushad indeed continues to remain a heavy-wieght player in the year with the third film Keemat this year. Naushad has three excellent singers –Noor Jehan, Surendra and Suraiya – for Anmol Ghadi, K L Saigal – for his three wel-known, loved and remembered even now solos – in Shahjehan. In comparision, Keemat does not have ‘star singers’, but Naushad has done all the justsice to main sigers Amirbai Karanataki and NAseem Akhtar in the songs for the film.

Along with Eight Days and Shikari, S D Burman’s debut with Hindi films remains noteworthy. He has commandeerd the musical resource, in terms of playback singers, well enough to successfully create songs that seem to lend fresh breath with the vintage era environment.

C Ramchandra ‘s Safar is indeed a trail-balzing one, both from the point of view of his own career as well as for some deifinitive trends in the Hindi Film Music. Before, Safar, he had done 10 C grade films and just 5 social films and his name had not yet become famous. The success of Safar’s music changed that scene for ever. If his duet with Beenapani Mukhrjee, Kanhi Yaad Kar Ke, Gali Paar Kar Ke, Chali Aana Hamare Angana, set his very distinctive western-music influenced peppy songs, his two solos for Mohammad Rafi, Ab Wo Hamare Ho Gaye, Iqrar Karen Ya Na Karein  and Kah Ke Bhi Na Aaye Tum, Ab Chuupane Lage Taare helped Rafi in not firmly setting his foot on the scene but also helped evolve his own style.

B] Top Five box-office grossers for 1946

The popularity of the songs has remained one major factor that influenced the success of a film at the box office.

For the year 1946, the Top Five box-office grosser films and the corresponding music directos are:

        • Anmol Ghadi – Naushad Ali
        • Shahjehan- Naushad Ali
        • Phoolwari – Hansraj Behl
        • Omar Khaiyyam – Lal Mohammad
        • 1857 – Sajjad Hussain

We have had a fairly detailed look at the songs form these films in our Male Solos, Female Solos and Duets sections. Aprt from the songs from the two wel-known films, two solos Surendra – Wo Paheli Mulaqat Hi Bas Pyar Ban Gayi – 1857, K L Saigal – Hare Bhare Baag Ke Phoolo Pe Riza Khayyam – Omar Khaiyyam – have found place in MY Top (Male Solo) songs too.  Of course, appearance of a song, or otherwise, does not have any reflection on either the merits of the song or its then then popularity, as these are driven by my own limted range of choice of songs for these years.

C] Quantitative add-on view of other three dimensions, viz. My Top Solo songs of Male Playnack Singers, Solo songs of Female Playback Singers and the Duets –

Since I have bent towards a wide range of singers, as well as not-sofamiliar=to-me songs while selecting the songs in these three categories, the numbers in the present analysis, in all probabilities, expectedly should emerge the music director(s) whose songs I liked for 1946. It is likely that casting the net wider over all the songs that have appeared in the micro-review of the respective category may have yielded a different pattern. But in a year where most of the songs are heard first time, such an exercise would not have helped to identify the music director who has bearing on the songs that I liked.

We have two sets of data – music directors who has only song in any one of these categories and the music directors who have either one song in more than one categories or more than one song in one or more categories.

Lal Mohammad, Sajjad Hussain, S N Tripathi, Gulshan Sufi, K C Dey and Rasheed Atre have one song in MY top Male Solos, Shankar Rao Vyas,  Shantikumar, Hafeez Khan, Vinod, Sushant Banerjee, Shyam Sundar and Prem Nath have song each in MY Top Female Solos and Narayan Rao has one song in MY Top Duets.

The music directors whose one or more songs have appeared in one or more of the categories are.

Music Director Male Solos Female solos Duets Total
C Ramchandra 2 1 3
S D Burman 1 1 1 3
Bulo C Rani 1 1 1 3
Naushad Ali 3 2 5
Hansraj Behl 1 3 4
Vasant Desai 2 2
Anil Biswas 2 2
Kamal Dasgupta 2 2
Qadir Faridi 2 2
H P Das 1 1 2

These analyses would yield Naushad Ali as the MOST Liked Music Director for 1946, without in any way diminishing my LIKEs of the songs of all other music directors.

How would have you analysed the Songs of 1946?

I look forward to you to join me to take up a similar detailed Micro View when SoY takes up futher more challenging year of 1945 next in this Best songs of year series.

 

P.S. : All the episodes of The Micro View of Best Songs of 1946 can be read / downloaded from one file, by clicking on the hyper link.

P.P.S  – In the final wrap-up article, Best songs of 1946: Final Wrap Up 4, the SoY Award for the Best Music Director of 1946 goes to Naushad.  And, special mention is made of Ghulam Haider and Hansraj Bahal for their outstanding music in the year.

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I Liked Music from films

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1946 @ SoY – Duets – MY Top Duet Songs

For the purpose of summing up the duets,  I have picked up the ones that I liked  on the first hearing.

So, here is the list, in no particular order:

Mohammad Rafi, Hamida BanuRukhi Sukhi Main Kha Luhgi Paas Bula Lo Mere Raja – Insaaf – H P Das – D N Madhok

I fully concur with Shri AKji’s views: Even though Rafi follows Hamida Bano, the famous voice modulation we became familiar with is present in this song.

Mohammad Rafi, Shamashad BegumYe Nayan KyuN Sharma Rahe Hai – Rasili –Hanuman Prasad – Gafil Haranyanvi

It is such a pleasure to listen to Moahammad Rafi in such a youthful voice.

Mohammad Rafi, Amirbai KaranatakiMan Ki Suni Nagariya Suhani Bani – Sona Chandi –Tufail Faruqui – Khawar JamaN

Here too I fully endorse Shri AKji’s views for the song: Amirbai Karanataki seems to overpower him with her natural high pitch over Rafi coming in lower scale. I contrasted with ‘Ansoo thi meri zindagi’ five years down the line in ‘Bikhare Moti’ (1951, Music: Ghulam Mohammad; Lyrics: Aktar Ul Imman) in which too she leads, but by then Rafi was in his full flow.

Mukesh, Hamida BanuJa Parwane Ja Kahi Shama Jal Rahi Hai – Rajputani –Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra

Hamida Banu is in her vintage era singing elements and yet so smoothly modulates the song that song appeals the listeners from the very beginning.

Ashok Kumar, Amirbai KarnatakiHar Din Hai Naya, Har Raat Nirali Hai – Shikari – S D Burman – G S Nepali

Ashok Kumar fully matches Amirbai Karanataki through the song, even at the higher octave scales.

Surendra, Noor Jehan –  Awaz De Kahan Hai, Duniya Mera Jwan Hai -Anmol Ghadi –Naushad Ali – Tanvir Naqvi

The song is one of the very popular duet that always remained active in terms of listeners choice at all phases of public / private listening media.

Revashankar, Johrabhai AmbalewaliHamari Gali Aana Hamse Akhiya Milana – Maharana Pratap – Ram Ganguli – Swami Ramanand

A quintessential vintage composition, and yet so sweeto to listen to.

Firoz Dastoor, Amirbai KarnatakiNaino Ki Nagari Mein Aa Ke Chale Janaa Na Kar Ke Bahana – Pujari – Hansraj Behl – Wali Sahab

The song retains melody even when set to a relatively stronger bass rhythm.

A R Oza, Amirbai KarnatakiPatanga Chala Hai Dipak Ki Aur, Man Mein Le Kar Prem Ki Aasha – Pujari – Hansraj Behl – Wali Sahab

The delivery of the song has remained quite clear even though the song is seto relatively higher octave scale., and then song moves to a slower rhythm in the second stanza.

Yashvant Bhatt, Husn BanuAye Phool Bata Kaisa Hoga Mera Piyaa Sajan Pyara – Royal Mail – Narayan Rao – Mustafa N Usmani

An excellent composition, set to lower scales.

Zohrabai Ambalewali, Shamshad BegumUdan Khatole Pe Ud Jaoon, Tere Haath Na AauN – Anmol Ghadi – Naushad Ali – Tanvir Naqvi

One of the most familiar song in the category of ‘duets’ this year.

Mohantara Talpade, Hameeda BanoOonchi Haveli Bana Do Munimji, Haweli Ko Sheeshe Laga Do Muimji – Phoolwari – Hansraj Behl – Pt. Indra

The list of things to be fitted in the palace makes the song an interesting one to listen to.

S D Burman, S L PuriBaabu.. Re Dil Ko Bachana, Tere Dil Ko Bachana – Eight Days- S D Burman

During the course several articles on S D Burman for our blog, I got the opportunity to listen to this duet. That familiarity has played the role in the selection of this song here.

Of these, I would rate (Mukesh, Hamida Banu ) Ja Parwane Ja Kahi Shama Jal Rahi Hai – Rajputani –Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra as my MOST liked Duet for 1946.

We will take up MY Top Music Directors for the year 1946 in the next episode.

P.S. : All the episodes of The Micro View of Best Songs of 1946: Duets can be read / downloaded from one file, by clicking on the hyper link.

SoY has published its concluding piece on duets of 1946 – Best songs of 1946: Wrap Up 3and adjudged,  Aawaz de kahan hai – Surendra and Noorjehan (Anmol Ghadi, Naushad), and Ek yaad kisi ki yaad rahi – GM Durrani and Shamshad Begum (Shama, Ghulam Haider)jointly as the Best Duets for 1946.