Remembering Mukesh

Mukesh’s Non-film Hindi Geets and Ghazals : Aaj Bhi Unaki Mohabbat Ka Tassavur Hai Wohi

A tribute to Mukesh on his 45th Remembrance Day (b. July 22, 1923 – d.  August 27, 1976)

The saga of performed songs in India is an age-old tradition. The knowledge transfer in the ancient times used to happen by a word of mouth. Many lessons were encapsulated into the form of songs, which were rendered in the singing form to make them more interesting and easier to remember.

Ancient saint poets created devotional songs that were easily moulded into singing pattern. On the other hand, social events like festivals or births, deaths, marriages also provided ideal platforms for the songs as means to share joy, or sorrow. The advent of theater created another genre of songs – songs that were essential part of the story of the play. These used to be romantic songs or dance songs or national spirit songs and such varieties. It was not uncommon for a song to be played for the whole night as it would keep getting incessant ‘once more’s.

In a parallel development, for the ease of presentation on a shorter time scale, the classical oral singing schools also created semi-classical forms of pure raags to render traditional folk poetry as easy-to-appreciate songs.

As such, it was no surprise that when films went ‘talky’, songs constituted an essential and integral element of a film recipe.  The recording companies saw a big commercial potential for their business and actively started encouraging music directors to create songs beyond the use in films. Advent of radio also provided impetus to a rich crop of music directors and singers to create songs in ‘light-classical’ format. Most of the big names of film singing of the vintage era earned their passage into the films via these non-film songs. As a result, non-film songs, as a genre, developed its own roots, traditions, and styles.

By the end of decade of ‘40s, the new crop of music directors was on the path to carve out a different composition style, wherein an increasing ensemble of music instruments provided the core of a film song. The preludes and interludes started gaining nearly equal importance to the lyrics and went on to gain the status of music director’s own identity. The taste of generation of Hindi film listeners born during forties and fifties was ingrained with this instrumental music dominated film songs. When we regularly started listening to radio for the whetting appetite of film songs, we had devised a simple test – if a song had ‘fair’ amount of orchestration, it was a film song; otherwise, it was a non-film song. As it so happened, there were large number of such non-film songs to listen to in the voices of likes of Talat Mahmood, Hemant Kumar, Mukesh etc.

My own taste of listening to film songs started maturing more when I graduated to the purchasing the records after I started earning in early 70s. I did collect quite a few records of NFSes. Most of my purchases of Mukesh songs used to be in the form of a record for all the songs of a film. Of course, I did purchase a stand-alone record of Mukesh’s Gujarati NFS.

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Aaj Bhi Unaki Mohabbat Ka Tassavur Hai Wohi

The songs of Mukesh opened up in a very fresh light when I received the new, 2020, edition of Mukesh Geetkosh[1] from Shri Harish Raghuvanshi. The Geetkosh is interestingly designed, making searching for different aspects of Mukesh’s songs a pleasure hunt. More one studies the Geetkosh, more one can find out hitherto hidden nuances of Mukesh’s songs. One such genre of Mukesh songs that caught my attention was Mukesh’s non-film songs.

The opening note of Mukesh Geetkosh for the Hindi non-film songs of Mukesh states that Mukesh commenced his singing career journey by recording two non-film songs at Delhi in July August 1940 on record no. N16396.  These were

  • Gokul Nagari Jaana….. Sanwariya Sang Nahi Man Ko Hai Bahalana
  • Meri Andheri Kutiya Mein Woh Aye Ujala Hi Hoga

Overall, 78 (known) non-film songs of Mukesh have been listed in the Geetkosh. Of which we have selected here today a few of his known or less known geets and ghazals only. For the sake of convenience, I have retained the sequence in which the songs appear in the Geetkosh I have limited the selection to just one song per a particular lyricist-music director combination. I have also retained the record number of the song as given in the Geetkosh but have turned onto the highly resourceful YT for a digital link to the song for the purpose of listening the song.

Ashaar YuN To Mere Jamane Ke Liye Hai – Lyrics: Jan Nissar Akhtar – Music: Khayyam [Record no. ECSD 2723]

From among Hindi film music directors, Khayyam is one music director who had very professionally taken up recording non-film songs during the early 60s. This was probably because, Khayyam could find the medium of NFSes to present music that could be presented in his natural style, in the period when the trend of fast-paced easy-to-sing film songs had started emerging.

Aankhon Mein Bas Ke Dil Mein Sama Kar Chale Gaye – Lyrics: Jigar Muradabadi – Music: Murli Manohar Swaroop [Record No. N 88324]

It was quite customary those days for amateur music directors to select highly amenable to singing Hindustani / Urdu poetry of known, or even not-so-known poets for the records sponsored by the music company.

Aaj Gagan Se Chanda Utara Aa Gaya Meri BahoN Mein – Lyrics: Madhukar Rajasthani – Music: J P Kaushik [Record No. N 88375]

Even as a smaller number of musical instruments characterized the composition of NFSes, the innovative music directors did not hesitate to use different types of instruments as well as using the same instruments for the obbligato support of the song.

Aaj Bhi Unaki Mohabbat Ka Tassavur Hai Wohi – Lyrics: Jan Nissar Akhtar – Music: Vipin Mehra [Record No. N 88323]

Jan Nissar Akhtar is not an unknown name as lyricist in Hindi films. But not many listeners of his film songs would have read his poetry. Here, one of his poems is presented so sweetly.

Aabaad Raho Mere Dil Ko Jalanewale – Lyrics: Madhukar Rajasthani – Music: V Balsara [Record No. N 35740]

During his stint of working with music company, V Balsara has created some of the finest NFSes. His NFSes had his distinct touch. However, for a lay listener like me that aspect would be beyond recognition while listening to the song in its normal course. It was the in-depth pursuit of Mukesh Geetkosh now that I specifically chose to listen to these songs and start enjoying the nuances of lyrics, composition, and orchestration, as is the case here with use of piano or deep tone of Mukesh’s voice.

KyuN Pheri Nazar KyuN Pheri Nazar Ddekho To Idhar – Lyrics: Anjum Pilibhiti – Music: Naushad [Record No. N 88034]

The song was originally recorded for Anokhi Ada (1948). However, when it was not finally included, it is now classified as NFS. However, the song would simply stand out as a film song when the test of use of number of music instruments would have been applied. From that point of view, the song is typical film song, even if the song belongs to a period when the use of number of music instruments was rather limited!

Kisi Ko Deke Dil Koi Nawa_Sanj-e-Fughan Kyun Ho – with Talat Mahmood – Mirza Ghalib + Daag Dehlvi – Murli Manohar Swaroop [Record No. N 88300]

Here is the case of a very interesting experiment, wherein Talat Mahmood sings the parts of Ghalib Ghazal and Mukesh sings that Daag Dehlavi (e.g., Jo Dil Ho Qabu Mein To Koi Ruswa-e-Jahan Kyun Ho).

We find a couple of more such Talat-Mukesh duets in the Geetkosh. Each one is composed by Murli Manohar Swaroop but bears different record number. This could probably be interpreted as one experiment found to be successful was repeated in subsequent records as well.

Gai Yak-ba-Yak Jo Hawa Palat  Nahi Dil Ko Mere Qarar Hai – Lyrics: Bahadurshah Zafar – Music: Mukesh [Record No. P: 45-N 88420]

Mukesh has composed music for his own film Anurag (1956).

He has composed five NFSes in all, published on two different records. The present song is on, what was then available as, a 45 rpm Extended Play record which contained two songs on each side.

We can find one more song – Diya apni khudi ko jo hamne mita – which seems to be on the same side of record.

Jiyenge Magar Muskara Na Sakenge – Lyrics: Kaif Irfani – Music: Mukesh [Record No. N 88042]

This is one of the very well-known non-fil songs of Mukesh. However, I came to know that it was a Mukesh’s own composition only because of Mukesh Geetkosh.

The other song – Do jhulmi naina ham pe jhulm kare  – on the second side of this record is also an equally well-known one.

Jhehal-e-Miskin Makun Taghaful Duraye Naina Banae BatiyaN – with Sudha Malhotra – Lyrics: Amir Khushro – Music: Murli Manohar Swaroop [Record No. LP: S/3AEX 13004]

Murli Manohar Swaroop experiments a male-female duet for an NFS.

The present song is essentially a Sufi poetry, which normally are the compositions of prayers for which the classical form is qawwali. If some singers have chosen to render it in ghazal style format, several other singers have rendered it in the qawwali form.

Tere LaboN Ke Muqabil Gulab Kya Hoga – Lyrics: Shiv Kumar ‘Saroj’ – Music: Kishor Desai [Record No. ECP 2468]

Shiv Kumar ‘Saroj’ was a well-known announcer to my generation of Radio Ceylon listeners. However not many would have known that he was a very good poet too. Few of his poems have been recorded as well. One of the famous songs is Khamosh zinadagi ko kyoN awaz de rahe ho (NaMag Mandir, 1966; singer- Mohammad Rafi; Music: Laxmikant Pyarelal).

Kishore Desai is better known as sarod and mandolin player. YT has several video clips on his performances. One of the famous examples of his virtuoso performance is extensive mandolin pieces in Tum bin jauN kahaN (Pyar Ka Mausam (1969); Singer – Mohammad Rafi; Music: R D Burman)

Na Hui Gar Mere Marane Se Tasalli Na Sahi – Lyrics: Mirza Ghalib – Music: Khayyam [Record No. N 88362]

One noticeable feature of NFSes is presentation of the many different shades of a singer’s tonal variations.

Main Chakori Tum Gagan Ke Chandrama – with unknown female singer –Lyrics: ? –  Kalyanji Anandji [Record No.: ?]

The song is supposed to have been recorded for a proposed film Purnima, but not included finally.

The song is a validation of classification of a NFS on the basis of level of orchestration!

We end the present episode with a very interesting NFS. An ad jingle….

CigarettoN Mein Sab Se Aalaa, Public Jane Kala Pakitwala – Lyrics: ? – Muisc: ? [Record No. QC1550 (Matrix No. – QJE 13689TI)

Just look at the amount of effort that has gone into composition of this jingle!

BTW, Mukesh Geetkosh notes that the composition of this jingle is based on Raag Bahar! Wow!

We will look at Mukesh’s film songs from other different angles, with the help of Mukesh Geetkosh, on some future occasions.

Acknowledgement and disclaimer:

  1. Mukesh Geetkosh, 2020 edition – Harish Raghuvanshi: For the basic information of the songs selected herein the present article.
  2. The song links have been embedded from the YouTube only for the listening pleasure of the music lovers. This blog claims no copyright over these songs which vests with the respective owners.

This article is originally published on Songs of Yore as Mukesh’s Non-film Hindi Geets and Ghazals on 27 August 2021.

[1] Mukesh Geet Kosh – Compiled by Harish Raghuvanshi, Second edition : 2020

Publisher: Mrs. Satinder Kaur, HIG-545, Ratan Lal Nagar, Kanpur 208022, India | E-mail:

I Liked Music from films

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1944 @ SoY : Female Solo Songs – Sushila Rani + Khursheed

Solo Songs of Sushila Rani

Sushila Rani, being the lead actress for the film ‘Draupadi’ (director: Baburao Patel), had 9 of her songs, of which we can find 6 on YT. Three others – Kaun Bagiya Se Mere Phool Churane Aaya, Maa Kisne Diya Bujaaya and Suno Ab Shayam Bihari, KyoN Bigadi Meri – originally published by Sargama, are available in Apple music audio format.

Sheetal Chandani Khili, Mohe Suahani Raat Mili – Draupadi – Pt. Indra – Hanuman Prasad

Bhaiya… Aao….. Mohan Bhaiya – Draupadi – Pt. Indra – Hanuman Prasad

Chamkata Hai Ang Sanwale Surang Rang – Draupadi – Pt. Indra – Hanuman Prasad

Bandh Ke Rakhungi Tohe Naino Mein Kanha – Draupadi – Pt. Indra – Hanuman Prasad

Suhagan Kahe Ansoo Dale….. Lekh Tale Na Taale – Draupadi – Pt. Indra – Hanuman Prasad

Gopala Meri Re Karuna KyoN Nahi Aave – Draupadi – Pt. Indra – Hanuman Prasad

Solo Songs of Khursheed

Memorable Songs of 1944 has Khursheed’s Jo humpe guzarati hai from Mumtaz Mahal and Mohabbat mein sara jahan jal raha hai from Shahenshah Babar. I have not been able to locate Na Bhulenge Tujhko Bhula Denewale, Meri HasartoN Ko Mita Denewale from Shahnenshah Babar on the net.

Here are some more from HFGK and YT –

Dil Ki Dhadkan Bana Liya Unko – Mumtaz Mahal – Wali Sahab – Khemchand Prakash

Jali Patang To…. Isamein Qasoor Kiska Hai – Mumtaz Mahal – Wali Sahab – Khemchand Prakash

Udas Sham Ki Aahein…. Salaam Kaheti Hai – Mumtaz Mahal – Wali Sahab – Khemchand Prakash

Ulfat Ke Fasane, Bachpan Ke Jamane…..HothoN Pe Tarane, AnkhoN Mein Bahane, Na Wo Bhule Na Ham – Mumtaz Mahal – Pt. Indra – Khemchand Prakash

HFGK does not mention lyricist for the song.

Dil Lagane Mein Kuchch Majha Hi Nahi – Shahenshah Babar -Shams Lakhanvi – Khemchand Prakash

Bulbul Aa, Tu Bhi Gaa… Pyar Ke Gaane Main GauN – Shahenshah Babar – Pt. Indra – Khemchand Prakash

I Liked Music from films

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1944 @ SoY : Female Solo Songs – Rajkumari

Memorable Songs of 1944 has 4 songs of Rajkumari – 1 from Char Aankein, 1 from Maa Baap and 2 from Panna. However HFGK and YT put together has rich crop of Rajkumari’s s silo songs for the year. She was sole playback singer for Panna.

Mera Balam Bada Hartai Re, Main To Preet Laga Pachhatai – Badi Baat – Swami Ramannad Saraswati – Firoz Nizami

Ae Kismat Bata Kya Bigada Hai Tera – Dr. Kumar – Gafil Haranalvi – Sarwaswti Devi

Main Duniya Ki Rani Firati HuN, Main Mauj Manati – Ghar Ki Shobha – Roopbani – Alla Rakha

Badli Hawa Miti Bahar, Rang-e-chaman Bigad Gaya– Ismat – Shams Lakhanvi – H P Sharma

HFGK has not identified the singer of the song.

Panchhi Tu Jaa Re Mere Piya Ko Sandesava Kahiyao – Ismat – Shams Lakhanvi – H P Sharma

HFGK has not identified the singer of the song.

Woh Kaun Hai Jo Duniya Mein Nashad Hai – Ismat – Shams Lakhanvi – Pt. Govardhan Prasad

HFGK has not identified the singer of the song.

Main HuN Piya Ki Joganiya, Mera Jog Nirala Re – Kadambari – Miss Kamal B A – H P Das

Suno Suno Tumhein Sunaein Ae Pritam Chitchor – Maharathi Karna – Pt. Shivkumar – Datta Koregaonkar

Kise Sunae Apane Man Ki Baat – Mujrim – Kailas Matwala – Gyan Prakash Ghosh

HFGK has not identified the singer of the song.

Kaali Ghata Chhai Ho Raja Kaali Ghata Chhai – Panna – Wali Sahab – Amir Ali

HFGK notes that, according to Rajkuamri, the songs were actually rendered by Shamshad Begum, but records were releaed in Rajkumari’s voice.

Le Lo Le Lo Malaniya Se Haar – Panna – Wali Sahab – Amir Ali

Har Cheejh Hai YahaN Ki Faani, Mela Do Din Ka – Panna – Wali Sahab – Amir Ali

Taqdeer Ne Jo Aag Lagai Hai, Bujha De – Panna – Wali Sahab – Amir Ali

Chori Jan Gai Pahachan Gai Main Pyare Piya Tori – Police – Ramesh Gupta – Panna Lal Ghosh

Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: August 2021

Shailendra’s Songs with Sardul Kwatra and Mukul Roy

Shailendra’s – a.k.a. Shankardas Kesarilal (B: 30-8-1923/ D: 14-12-1966) body of work beyond Shankar-Jaikishan and the other two music directors S D Burman and Salil Chaudhuri remains quite varied and interesting. There have been films where he has just one or two songs too.

We started taking a look at Shailendra’s songs with “other” music directors form the year 2017. Till now we have covered

In 2018, songs with Roshan

In 2019, songs with Hemant Kumar, Ravi and KalyanjiAnandji

In 2020, songs with SN Tripathi, Anil BIswas and C Ramchandra

Presently we will take up Shailendra’s songs with Sardul Kwatra and Mukul Roy, with who he had two films each.

Shailendra – Sardul (Singh) Kwatra

Sardul (Singh) Kwatra – 1928|2005 – was a master of Punjabi folk songs. His maiden Hindi film Ek Teri Nishani-49. That film failed at the box office. However, Sardul Kwatra composed music for 22 Hindi and 15 Punjabi films during his active career. Sardul Kwatra’s music in Mirza  Sahiban (1957) had caught attention of the cinegoers.

Pipili Saheb (1954)

The film had 9 songs of which had three lyricists – Hasrat Jaipuri – 6, Verma Malik -1 and Shailendra 2

Sapnon Ki Duniya Mein Naye Rang Laya O Man Bhaya Fagun Aaya – Usha Mangeshkar, Meena Mangeshkar, Shaminder Pal

A folk tune-based dance song that is set to a very pleasing tune and simple orchestration.

Chand Sitaro Mein Kaun Bulaye Re …. Pahalu Se Dil Uda Jaaye Re – Lata Mangeshkar, Shaminder Pal

Shaminder hailed from a well-to-do agriculturist family of Punjab. After Sardul Kwatra gave him the break, he did get to sing with a few other music directors as well.

When he came to Bombay, it was Shaminder’s dream to sing a song with Lata Mangeshkar. This is Shaminder’s dream come true.

Tees Maar Khan (1955)

The film had 10 songs. Prem Dhawan penned all other songs.

Jinki Nigahon Ne Chheena Hai Dil Mera Dekhoji Unka Nishana KahiN Aur Hai – Lata Mangeshkar

The protagonist happily mulls her love. The song has verve that catches the mood of the lyrics so vividly.

I could not find the other song Dhoondhati Hai Tujhko Nigahein (Asha Bhosle) on YT.

Shailendra – Mukul Roy

Mukul Roy (B: 16-8-1926 to 8-11-2009) was the elder brother of Geeta Roy (Dutt). He composed music in only 3 Hindi films, 2 Bangla films (Grihpravesh and Kay hiner kahini). He also gave music to one Gujarati film.

Sailaab (1956)

Mukul Roy produced the film and Guru Dutt was the director. The other lyricists for the film were Majrooh Sultanpuri (4), Hasrat Jaipuri (2) and Madhukar Rajasthani (1).

Yeh Rut Yeh Raat Jawaan Bekal Dil Ke ArmaaN Aise Mein Tu Kaha Mere Dibar Aa – Geeta Dutt

The song appears to a club dance song, with Geeta Dutt at her usual mellifluous intoxicating mood.

Aa Gayi … Re Raat Rangbhari Aa Gayi…. Bachpan Ka Hath Chhoota – Geeta Dutt

Geeta Dutt comes up with a very different tonal variation.

Detective (1958)

Shailendra was the sole lyricist for this mystery thriller genre film. Shakti Samanta was the director.

Aankhon Pe Bharosa Mat Kar Duniya Jadu Ka Khel Hai – Mohammad Rafi, Sudha Malhotra

Protagonists play tricks to please the lady.

Mohammad Rafi sings for Pradeep Kumar whereas Sudha Malhotra sings for the child artist Daisy Irani.

Kal Talak Hum Thik Tha Aaj Hamien Kya Ho Gaya – Mohammad Rafi, Geeta Dutt

The song is filmed on Johnny Walker and Bimla Kumari (not to be confused with Hawa Mein Udata Jaye Bimala Kumari).

Shailendra has deftly weaved in the colloquial Anglo-Indian diction for the lyrics enacted by Bimla Kumari, befitting her role in the film.

Chhodiye Gussa Huzoor Aisi Narazagi Bhi Kya – Mohammad Rafi

Here is a the then popular roothana-manana genre song.

Aaja Kar Le Muqabla Ye Baji Pyar Ki – Mohammad Rafi, Geeta Dutt

Johnny Walker masquerades as a matador and Bimla Kumari as bull in the stage play as the mystery seems to deepen in the background.

Mujhko Tum Jo Mile, Ye Jahan Mil Gaya – Hemant Kumar, Geeta Dutt

The song comes up as a mandatory duet.

Hindi Geetmala mentions of solo in Geeta Dutt’s coice, too, which may be a small piece used in the film.

Raahi Chal Sambhal Sambhal Ke Bada Katheen Hai Rasta – Asha Bhosle

On the face of it, this is a street song, but the lyrics are laded with meaning for the ‘The Detective’ to remain guarded against the machination of the villains. Visuals of furtive movements by the villains makes it easier  for the lay public in the cinema hall to appreciate this ‘between the lines’ message.

Do Chamakti Ankhon Mein Kal Khwaab Suhana Tha Jinka – Geeta Dutt

The beloved is whittling out time in clubs and the poor heroine is shedding tears at home. The formula-drama of a Hindi cinema, irrespective of the theme of the screen play is ploy to create a space for a female song of pathos!

Geeta Dutt is her at most expressive best in this song, which is enshrined in the front-row of her top songs.

With curtain call for the present episode, please remember that our journey of the memory lanes of Shailendra’s song for “other” music directors continue…..

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month next year too……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

I Liked Music from films

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1944 @ SoY : Female Solo Songs – Zeenat Begum

We do not seem to have Zeenat Begum’s songs in many 1944 films. But the songs that one does to get to llisten more than whet the appetite in so far as the moods, and hence her toval varities.

Duniya Ki Ye Khushi Hai Tujhe Bhul Jayein Hum – Bhai – Khan Shatir Gazanvi – Shyam Sundar

Hindu Muslim Sikh Isai Aapas Mein Hai Bhai Bhai – Bhai – Khan Shatir Gajhanvi – Ghulam Haider

Panchhi Meri Khushi Ka Zamana Kahan Gaya – Chand – Qamar Jalalabadi – Husnlal Bhagatram

Kya Yahi Jawani Hai Har Din Nikhara Hua Hai – Chand – Qamar Jalalabadi – Husnlal Bhagatram

Raatein Na Rahi Woh Na Rahe Din Woh  Hamare – Daasi – D N Madhok – Pt. Amarnath

Dekha Karo Bhagwan Garibo Ka Tamasha – Daasi – D N Madhok – Pt. Amarnath

Ho Rasiya Kabhi Le Chal tu Jamuna Ke Par – Daasi – D N Madhok – Pt. Amarnath

Subah Hui Aur Panchii Jage Chuga Chagan Ko Bhage – Daasi – D N Madhok – Pt. Amarnath

Dhan Ke Keht Mein Na Jaio Raja – Daasi – D N Madhok – Pt. Amarnath

Tum Chhod Gaye Mujhko Kis Ke Sahare – Panchhi – Akhtar Chugtai / Manohar Saharai – Pt. Amarnath

UnhoNne Muhabbat Ki Duniya Mita Di – Panchhi – Akhtar Chugtai / Manohar Saharai – Pt. Amarnath

HFGK has not identified the singer.

Jaie Jaie GairoN Ke Dil Asra Ho Jaie – Panchhi – Akhtar Chugtai / Manohar Saharai – Pt. Amarnath

HFGK has not identified the singer.

Uthi Hai GhataeiN, Chali Hai HaweiN – Panchhi – Akhtar Chugtai / Manohar Saharai – Pt. Amarnath

HFGK has not identified the singer.

Centenary Celebrations

Sahir’s Songs of Romance – Two Film Association(s)

Sahir Ludhianvi is regarded as a poet whose poetry typically did not have the joy or colour in the traditional sense of a poem.  His poems did follow the broad traditions of Urdu Nazm, or that of a Hind film song. If his poetry tended to ring a note of reality, his films songs sounded a very distinct note, that set Sahir’s film songs into a very different orbit. Here is a case in point:

hazār barq gire laakh āñdhiyāñ uTTheñ
vo phuul khil ke raheñge jo khilne vaale haiñ

Let thousands ice fall, lakhs of dust-storm rise
The flower shall blossom that is so destined.

Sahir Ludhianvi’s association with as many as 31 music directors, for the 122 films for which he penned songs, certainly provided Sahir to blossom into as many different shades that he was destined to blossom into.

Presenly, we will take up Sahir Ludhianvi;s Songs of Romance with the music directors with who he did films in his career. These music directors re, in the sequence of their first year of association, are: Usha Khanna, Rashid Are, Chitragupt, Kalyanji Anandji and Sapan Chakravarty

Usha Khanna (B: 1942), is a member of the rare elite club of female music directors in the Hindi films. Her first ever Hindi film was Dil Deke Dekho (1959).the two films where she worked with Sahir Ludhianvi are Hum Hindustan (1960) her second film and then Lakshmi a good 22 years later.

Hum Jab Chale To Ye Jahan Jhume, Aarzu Hamari AasmaN Ko Chume – Hum Hindustani (1960) – Mohammad Rafi – Music: Usha Khanna

Sahir has penned only this song for ‘Hum Hindustani’!

hamse hai fizaoN meein rang-o-bu
ham hai is jamiM ki aarzu
nadiyo ki ragini hamse hai
har taraf ye tajhgi hamse hai
hum chale to chal pade jhindagi

Halat Se Ladna Mushkil Tha, Halat Se Rishta Jod Liya– Lakshmi (1982) – Asha Bhosle – Music: Usha Khanna

The song is set to a mujra composition, but the lyrics have a profound sense of regret for not having been able to fight the circumstances. As such, this is not a song of romance that has happiness of love, but has the quintessential poetic bitterness of reality, and hence would stand excluded from the present series.

However, as noted in the preamble to the preamble, Sahir ‘s film songs sound a very different note even when they depict the bare realities of the world. Here is one such illustration.

chunri ranga li maine bindiya sajali maine
….. ….   …    ….. …
jhumar ki mang patti dil se saja li maine
…. ….  ….. …..
kar liye solah
kar liye solah singar singar singar
najro ki pyas bujhalo jamane walo
jalwo se dil bahlalo jamane walo

Rashid Attre (a.k.a. Abdul Rasheed Attra, B: 15 February 1919 – D: 18 December 1967) possessed varied musical talents.  His initiation to Hindi films took place in Calcutta in 1942. He moved to Bombay (as it was then called) in 1943 and worked successfully till 1947 when he migrated to Pakistan. His last film in Bombay was Shikayat, which was released in 1948. In his second innings at Pakistan, he composed for as many as 80 films.  Rashid Aatre and Sahir Ludhianvi have combined in two Pakistani films – Solah Anne (1960) and Farangi (1964). In the absence of the authentic source for the songs, I have refrained from presenting any song here.

Chitragupt (a.k.a. Chitragupt Shrivastava -B: 16 November 1917 – D: 14 January 1991) has composed music for more than 150 films, in a career spanning from 1946 to 1988 (his one film was released posthumously in 1998) but does not seem to have received the credit duet to him. Chitragupt’s two films with Sahir Ludhianvi are Vaasana (1968) and Sansar (1971).

I have picked up two songs each from Vaasna and Sansar, each presenting different mood within the shade of romance.

Ye ParabatoN Ke Dayare, Ye Sham Ka DhuaaN, Aise Mein Kyon Na Chhed De Dilo Ki DastaaN – Vaasana ((1968) – Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar – Music – Chitragupt

jara si zulf khol do, fiza me itr ghol do
najar jo baat kah chuki woh baat munh se bol do
ki jhum uthe nigaah me bahaar ka sama

yeh chup bhi ek savaal hai, ajib dil kaa haal hai
has ik khayaal kho gaya, bas abb yahi khayaal hai
ki fasala na kuchh rahe hamaare darmiya

yeh rup rang yeh paban chamakte chaand sa badan
bura na mano tum agar toh chum lu kiran kiran
ki aaj hausalo me hai bala ki garmiya

Itni Nazuk Na Bano.. Had Ke Andar Ho Nazakat To Adaa Hoti Hai… Had Se Badh Jaye To Apni Sazaa Hoti Hai – Vaasana (1968) – Mohammad Rafi – Music: Chitragupt

jism kaa bojh uthaaye nahi uthta tumse
zindgaani kaa kada bojh sahogi kaise
tum jo halki si hawaao me lachak jaati ho
tez jhonko ke thapedo me rahogi kaise

koi rukta nahi thahre hue raahi ke liye
jo bhi dekhega voh katraake guzar jaayega
hum agar vaqt ke hamraah naa chalne paaye
vaqt ham dono ko thukraake guzar jaayegaa

Mile Jitni Sharab Main To Peeta HuN, Rakhhe Kaun Ye Hisaab Main To Peeta HuN – Sansar (1970) – Kishore Kumar – Music: Chitragupt

koi apna ager ho to toke mujhe
main galat kar raha huN to roke mujhe
kise dena hai jawab …..
main to pita huN

Raja Jani Raja Jani Na Maro Nayanawa Ke Teer Re – Sansar (1971) Krishan Kalle – Music: Chitragupt

abhi nadan hu mai najuk jan hu
mujhe aise na maro yuhi halkan hu
mujhe aise na maro aise na maro
tikhi tikhi nazroN se dekho na sawriya
…  …..   ….  …
sah na sakungi abhi kachi hai umariya kachi hai umariya
maro na katari do dhari uthe teer re raja jani dilbar jani

Kalyanji Anandji carved their path of success in the face of stiff competition from the array of top-line music directors. They have composed music for over 250 films. With Sahir Ludhianvi, they have two films – Nanha Farishta (1969) and Shankar Shambhu (1976).

O Re Sharabi Tujh Mein Ek Kharabi… Sikha Na Tune Kisi Se Pyar Karana… Tujhe Aa Main Pyar Sikha DuN – Nanha Farishta (1969) – Asha Bhosle – Music; Kalyanji Anandji

ho sake to samjhle raat kya kah rahi haiN
raat kya kah rahi hain
ye dhadkati khamoshi baat kya kah rahi haiN
kya kah rahi haiN
thoda sa ishaara ho to palbhar mein
abhi laakho rang luta duN
aa main pyar sikha duN

Bheege Hue JalwoN Par Aise Na Najhar Dalo, Dil Chahe Idhar Rakhkho Par Aankh Udhar Rakhkho.. – Shankar Shambhu (1976) – Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammad Rafi – Music: Kalyanji Anandji

in garam nigaho se jajbat bhadakte hai
ahsaas sulagta hai arman dhadkate hai
ruk jao ruk jao
ruk jao abhi dil par itna na asar dalo

soyi hui dhadkan ko khud tumne jagaya hai
sanso se pukara hai najro se bulaya hai
mat apni khatao ko
mat apni khatao ko ab aur ke sar dalo

kab hamne kaha tumse hum tum pe nahi marte
tum kuch bhi kaho tum par ilzam nahi dharte
beraham ho beraham ho
beraham ho katil ho ye katal bhi kar dalo

Sapan Chakravarty (a.k.a. Swapn Chakraborty), though known more as assistant to R D Burman, and two of the more known songs in his voice – Mere Saath Chale Na Saya (Kitab,1977) and Preetam Aan Milo (Angoor,1982) – has composed music for 5 Hindi and 15 Bengali films.

Jaaney Aaj Kya Hua Aisa Kabhi Hua Na Tha, Sanso Mein Ghule Nasha Jaisa Kabhi Ghula Na Tha, Tumhi Bolo Kya Karein Aisa Hoga Pata Na Tha – 36 Ghante (1974) – Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle – Music: Sapan Chakravarty

chhaya chhaya dur tak
rango ka gubbar hai
aisa toh na tha jahan
ho na ho yeh pyar hai
khawabo ka sama saja
jaisa kabhi saja na tha

Tum Bhi Chalo Hum Bhi Chale, Chalti Rahe Zindagi, Na ZamiN Manzil Na AasamaN, Zindagi Hai Zindagi – Zameer (1975) – Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle – Music Sapan Chakravarty

behte chale hum masti ke dhaaroM mein
gunje yahi dhun sada dil ke taaroN mein
ab ruke na kabhi pyar ka kaarwa
neet nayi rut ke rang mein dhalti rahe jindagi

Before we end our present episode, a detour to Sahir Ludhianvi- Khayyam’s two films – out 7 they did together – is in order. Phir Subah Hogi (1958) and Shagoon (1964) are the films belonging to the Golden era period of Hindi films whereas other five films belong to the post-golden era period.

Phir Na Kije Meri Gustakh Nigahi Ka Gila
Dekhiye Aapne Phir Pyar Se Dekha Mujhko

Main Kaha Tak Na NigahoN Ko Palatane Na Deti
Aapne Kai Baar Pukara Mujhko – Phir Subah Hogi (1958)- Mukesh, Asha Bhosle – Music: Khayyam

Is kadar pyar se dekho na hamari janib
dil agar aur machal jaye to mushkil hogi

tum jahaN meri taraf dekh ke ruk jaaoge
vohi manjil meri taqadir ki manjil hogi

ek yunhi si nazar dil ko jo chhu leti hai
kitne armaan jagati hai tumhe kya maalum

ruh bechain hai kadmo se lipatne ke liye
tumko har saans bulati hai tumhe kya maalum

har nazar aap ki jazbaat ko uksati hai
maiN agar hath pakad luN to khafa mat hona

meri duniya-e-mohabbat hai tumhare dam se
meri duniya-e-mohabbat se juda mat hona

Itane Qareeb Aake Kya Jaane Kis Liye
Kuchh Ajanabi Se Aap haI Kuchh Ajanabi Se Hum

Woh Ek Baat Thi Jo Faqat Aap Ke Liye
Woh Ek Baat Kah Na Sake Aap Hi Se Hum – Shagoon (1964) – Talat Mahmood, Mubarak Begum – Music Khayyam

aisi to koi qaid nahi dil ki baat par
apas ki baat hai to dare kyo kisi se ham

tum dur ho to maut bhi aaye na ham ko raas
tum paas to jaan bhi de de khushi se ham

maut ek vaham, aur haqikat hai zindagi
ik dusare ko maangege is zindagi se ham

Shagoon has two more romantic gems – ParabatoN Ke PedoN Par Sham Ka Basera Hai (Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar) and Tum Chali Jaogi ParchhaiyaN Rah Jayegi (Mohammad Rafi).

As we once again traversed across the whole career span  of Sahir Ludhianvi, it is observed that Sahir has been able to maintain the quality of lyrics across each different music directors, even during the last, post-Golden Era. One may presume the pressures changing tastes of the cine-going public. However at no time one can say that he got away with ‘filmy-style’ lyrics even for Sahir’ songs in’70s..

We end here our present episode of homage to Sahir Ludhianvi, through his romantic songs with the five (plus one) 2-film-association music directors.

I Liked Music from films

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1944 @ SoY : Female Solo Songs – Zohrabai Ambalewali + Hamida Bano

Solo songs of Zohrabai Ambalewali

Zoharabai has as many as 16 songs listed in the Memorable Songs of 1944. Here are some more –

Saqui Saqui Dil Bujh Gaya Hai Seene Mein – Geet- D N Madhok – Naushad Ali

Raat Ki Malaka Ban Than Ke Mujhe Dulhan Banae Aayee Hai – Ismat – Shams Lakanavi – Pt. Gvaradhan Prasad

Naino Mein Naina Mat Dalo O Ji Balam – Jeewan – D N Madhok – Naushad Ali

My Dear My Dear I Love You, Mora Jiya Na Lage – Jeewan – D N Madhok – Naushad Ali

Aayi Diwali, Aayi Diwali, Dipak Ke Sang Patanga – Rattan – D N Madhok – Naushad Ali

Solo Songs of Hamida Bano

Memoravle Songs of 1944 has two songs of Hamida Bano. Four songs identified in HFGK are not traceable on YT.

KyoN Dard De Ke Bhul Gaye Shhyam Salone – Anban – Pt. Madhur – Gyan Dutt

Yaad Nahi Jati, Bichhad Gaya Pichhal Pagalpan – Lalkar – Pt. Madhur – C Ramchandra

Gulshan Mein Rang Lai Hai, Bahar Loot Le O Yaar Loot Le – Mauji Jeewan – Baba Pagal – Gulshan Safi

O Balam O Sajan, O Balam Hamare Bata – Mauji Jeewan – Baba Pagal – Gulshan Safi

Aankh Bhar Aai, Dil Bhar Aaya, Dil Ko Laga Ke Yeh Fal Paya – Pahele Aap – D N Madhok – Naushad Ali

Chhed Gaya Bedard Meri Dilruba Ke Taar KyuN – Shahenshah Babar – Pt. Indra – Khemchand Prakash

I Liked Music from films

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1944 @ SoY : Female Solo Songs – Amirbai Karnataki [2]

In continuation to Part [1]

Amirbai Karnataki had a very productive 1944. Pagli Duniya, which was the maiden film of Bulo C Rani, Amirbai Karnataki had as many as seven solo songs.

Ghar Humko Jalaoge Duniya Ko Jal Denge – Pagli Duniya – Ramanand – Bulo C Rani

Ghata Chhayi Hai Ghanghor, Kya Lai Hai – PaglI Duniya – Ramanand – Bulo C Rani

KyuN Aankh Milai Thi Gar Aankh Churani The To – Pagli Duniya – Sharma – Bulo C Rani

Sham Bhai Ghar Aa Jaa, O Raja – Pagli Duniya – Wali Sahab – Bulo C Rani

Dil Se Dard Bharpur Hai, AankhoN Mein Hai Pani – PaglI Duniya – Ramanand – Bulo C Rani

Na DekhuN Main Darpan, Sakhi Ri Mohe Dekh Gaya Sajan – Pagli Duniya – Pt. Indra – Bulo C Rani

Aa Re Tu Aa Ab Na Sata – Police – Ramesh Gupta – Panna Lal Ghosh

Baaj Rahi Kis Aur Muraliya .. – Police – Ramesh Gupta – Panna Lal Ghosh

MaiN Aapki HuN Bina, Tum Geet Ho Kanhaiya – Us Paar- Pt. Madhur – Phiroz Nizami

I Liked Music from films

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1944 @ SoY : Female Solo Songs – Amirbai Karnataki [1]

Having completed the Male Solo Songs section of Songs of 1944 of the Best songs of 1944: And the winners are? we now move over to the Female Solo Songs.

As has been observed, the byaer 1944 has around 240 female solo sngs for which the HFGK has been able to identify the singers. This will be the year when we will have all the female solo songs in the voices of vintage era singers. As such, for me, it is going to be a very in-depth exposure to the vintage era composition style.

We have not repeated here the songs that have been covered in the  Memorable Songs of 1944

Solo songs of Amirbai Karnataki

Memorable Songs of 1944  has five solo songs of Amirbai Karnataki, of which one is the swashing hit Mil ke bichhad ke gayi ankhiyan (Rattan, Music: Naushad Ali).Here we have the songs credited to Amirbai Karnataki in HFGK and which are available on YT, except aound 6/7 songs that could not traced on YT.


Ari Hawa Tu Sun Le, Sun Le Main Bhi Aati HuN – Anaban – Pt. Madhur- Gyan Dutt

Paas Tum Ho To Dil Ko Qarar Hai – Bade Nawab Saheb – Shums Lakhnavi – Bashir Dehlvi

Ikrar Ke Parde Mein MUjhe Na Sajha De – Badi Baat – Ramanad – Phiroz Nizami

Soti HuN Ab Sab Soti HuN, Tum Chanda Mujhe Jaga Dena – Badi Baat – Saraswati Kumar Dipak – Phiroz Nizami

Teri Pee Pee Ki PukaroN Ne Dil Lut Liya – Bahnwara – Pt. Indra – Khemchand Prakash

Duniya Ki AankhoN Se Sharamanewale,… Suni Hai Tujh Bin – Bhanwara – Ramanand – Khemchand Prakash

Soona Mandir Mera Sakhi Ri, Jagmag Jagmag – Bharthari- Pt. Indra – Khemchnad Prakash

Aye Chand Bata De Tu Mewra Chand KahaN Hai – Caravan – Ramanad – Bulo C Rani

Bijali Giranewale, Bijali Tu Phir Gira De– Caravan – Shrma – BulO C Rani

Aaj Kar Le Ji Bhar Ke Singar, Tohe Jaana Hai – Maa Baap – Roopbani – Alla Rakha

Sham Hui O Panchhi Aa, Ab Apne Ghar Ko Aa – Maa Baap – Roopbani – Alla Rakha

We will take up the rest of teh solo songs of Amirbai Karnataki for the year 1944in our next episode.

Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: July 2021

Mohammad Rafi’s First Duet Song With The Music Director: 1944-1946

To commemorate the memory of Mohammad Rafi on his birth anniversary, December 24, 1924, @ Kotla Sultan, Sindh and death anniversary, July 31, 1980 @ Mumba, we have had taken up Mohammad Rafi’s first solo song with a music director, from December 2016 till 2020. The present series of Mohammad Rafi’s First Duet Song with the Music Director is the natural follow-on series.

The series is quite simple at its core. Mohammad Rafi’s exceptionally long career is divided in five-year periods, pick up the first ever association with music director(s) in the chronological order in that five-year slot and then pick up the first film which has the first duet song of the music-director – Rafi combination. If the film has more than one duets, then we take up the least heard one for a closer look and take note of the others. The primary focus would be male-female duet, but we will take due note of first male-male duet or even triads from that combination if and as and when they come up in later years. We will limit the scope of the present series till the year 1969.

I do not have any pretense of evaluating influence of different music director on Mohammad Rafi’s singing style or the contribution of each other to the furtherance of each other’s careers Our goal is quite simple: refresh our memories of Mohammad Rafi’s fading-from-the-memory-duet-songs and bring them on one page and enjoy them on the call.

1st Five-Year Period: 1944 -1948

That Mohammad Rafi’s talent was first taken note of in 1937 in public function whereat he sang for K L Saigal, his initial introduction with music director Shyam Sundar are now a matter of folklore. Shyam Sundar recorded the first ever film song of Mohammad Rafi in Punjabi film Gul Baloch (which was released in 1944) in 1942. As is well-known now, that was a duet, with Zeenat Begum – Pardesi…Sohneys Oye Heeriye Oye. The song had become an instant hit, well before the film was released. The records also show that that film had one more duet, composed by Dhani Ram, with Munnavar Sultana – Achhanve – too.  


Once Mohammad Rafi reached Bombay (as it was then known) from Lahore, after Shyam Sundar gave him an introduction letter, the way Mohammad Rafi could meet Naushad are the events very vividly covered in Mohammad Rafi’s biographies. For the purpose of our present series, the story begins after Mohammad Rafi got his first break in Hindi films under Naushad, which happened to be a chorus song – Hindustan Ke Hai Hum, Hai Hindustan Hamara; record # GE3416 – in the company of Shyamkumar, Allauddin Naved and B. M. Vyas in the film Pahele Aap.

The year 1944 has one more landmark in Mohammad Rafi’s personal life- his marriage with Bilquis Bano.

Naushad’s association with Mohammad Rafi took some time before it turned into a Fevicol bond. Naushad–Mohammad Rafi combination has yielded around 149 songs to the Hindi film industry.

Tum Dilli Main Agre, Mere Dil Se Nikale Haye Fasla Sau Kos Ka, Humane Sawan Bito Jaaye – Pahle Aap– with Shyam Kumar – Lyrics: D N Madhok – Music: Naushad Ali [Record # GE3419]

A close listening to the lyrics indicates that Mohammad Rafi seems to be singing for an actor who plays a female role in this nautanki song.

We will make an exception here and listen to another duet from this film –

Ek Bar Unhein Mila De, Phir Meri Tauba Maula… Ab To Lagi Booja De, Phir Meri Tauba Maula – Pahele Aap– with Shyam Kumar – Lyrics: D N Madhok – Music: Naushad Ali [Record # GE3417/19]

Mohammad Rafi seems to have been given a second fiddle in comparison to more experience Shyam Kumar, but that has not deterred the budding singer a bit.


We have four music directors opening their relationships of duets with Mohammad Rafi in the year 1945.

Shyam Sundar is always remembered for his meticulous choices of instruments (Kis Tarah Bhoolega Dil; Gaon Ki Gori, 1945), wonderful composition (Mausam Aaya Hai Rangeen; Dholak, 1951) and choice of singers (Saajan Ki GaliyaN Chhod Chale; Bazar, 1949).

Jab Dil Ho Kaabu Mein to Dildar Ki Aisi Taisi… Tauba Tauba Husn Ke Sarkar Ki Aisi Taisi.. – Gaon Ki Gori, a.k.a. Village Girl – with G M Durrani, an unknown male singer – Lyrics:  – Wali Sahab – Music: Shyam Sundar

This song is on record number GE3596, i.e. later in then the Pahle Aap songs here above,  but is widely considered as Mohammad Rafi’s first Hindi film song.

Incidentally, during his very initial years, G M Durrani was Mohammad Rafi’s role model for singing. As fate would have it, it was Mohammad Rafi who played back to GM Durrani  in Unke Khayal Aaye To Aate Chale Gaye (Lal Paththar, 1971; Lyrics:  Hasrat Jaipuri; Music – Shanker Jaikishan)!

H P Das (1905 – 1989) was one of the leading Bangla music directors who was successful in Hindi films as well.

Dil Diye Chalein… Hum Jiye Chalein Aise – Begum – with Mohantara Ajinkya – Lyrics: G S Nepali – Music – H P Das

We have a very pleasant, fast-paced song. Mohammad Rafi sounds so young.

Gobind Ram was a versatile music director of 40s. He is considered to have great influence in shaping the Hindi film music of 40s.

Chhoti Si Ek Banaayenge Naiyya… Khud Hi Banenge Us Ke Khewaiya – Hamara Sansar – with Shamshad Begum, Zohrabai – Lyrics: Ramesh Gupta – Music: Govind Ram

Mohammad Rafi sings in lower scale to begin with then raises the scale to higher octave.

Asides: Mohammad Rafi acted in a cameo role in Laila Majnu song Tera Jalwa Jisne Dekha (with S D Batish and chorus; Lyrics: Tanvir Naqvi- Music: Gobind Ram)

Alla Rakha (a.k.a. A R Qureshi) would need any introduction to those who have even rudimentary exposure to the classical music. He was basically the famous tabla player, who composed music for around 30 films between 1943 and 1958.

Topi Wale Babu Ne Dil Chheena Re Mora Man – Kul Kalank – with Amirbai Karnataki – Lyrics: Roopbani – Music: A R Qureshi

For relatively new entrant, Mohammad Rafi exudes fair amount of confidence.


Mohammad Rafi’s career wagon seems to be picking up the momentum, wih 8 muisc directors using his voice for the duets.

Firoz Nizami was the first music director who gave Rafi popularity in Lahore by offering him a chance to sing for AIR at its Lahore radio station.

Main Jab Chhedun Prem Tarana Naache Mere Saath Jhamana– Amar Raj – with Mohantara Ajinkya – Lyrics: Pandit Fani – Music : Firoz Nizami

Interestingly HFGK mentions ‘other singer’ to accompany Mohantara Ajinkya.  Shri Sudhir Kapur explored the matter in details and what comes out is truly unbelievable. The details can be read@ Main jab gaaun geet suhaanaa

Asides: It would be opportune to enlist the song on the side 2 of that fateful record GE3795 – a solo by Mohammad Rafi

S Quereshi is not a familiar name among the music directors.

Macha Di Dhoom Duniya Mein Islaam Ke Deewanon Ne – Arab Ka Sitara – with Ameerbai Karanataki – Lyrics: Shewan Rizvi – Music: S Quereshi

HFGK does not have names of the singers identified for the songs of the film. I have selected the song from one of the highly authentic-considered spreadsheet compilations of Mohammad Rafi’s filmography by Mauveen. However, when we listen to the song, female voice is accompanying in mukhada and then is part of the chorus, only. So, for all practical purposes, the song is a Mohammad Rafi solo only.

Shankar Rao Vyas was a classically trained vocalist and musician. He had 35 Hindi, 5 Marathi and 3 Gujarati films to his credit in the career spanning 1937 to 1955.

Naino Se Mad Madira Pilaakar Tumne Humein Deewana – Ghunghat – with Nirmala – Lyrics: Ramesh Gupta – Music: Shankar Rao Vyas 

We have here a romantic song that begins in form of exchange of dialogue that is acceptance of mutual love.

S N Tripathi[1] who worked under the baton of legendary Saraswati Devi was a versatile artist a music director, director, and actor.

Jai Hind…Ye Hind Ki Kahaniyan… Sansar Ke Itihas Ki Ye Hai Amar Kahaniya – Mansarovar – with Geeta Dutt, Binapani Mukhrjee – Lyrics: Saraswati Kumar Dipak – Music: SA N Tripathi

HFGK lists the singers as ‘Chorus’ only. However, and other reliable sites mention Geeta Dutt and Beenapani Mukherjee as co-singers along with chorus.

Premnath has had formal training of music in his formative years. Rangbhoomi is his maiden film as an independent music director. He has given four songs to Mohammad Rafi, one with chorus and three duets with Shamshad Begum.

Khud Samajh Lo Iletajha Kya Hai, Hum Hi Keh De To Phir Maza Kya Hai – Rangbhoomi – with Shamshad Begum – Lyrics: Arzoo  Lakhanavi – Music Premnath

Mohammad Rafi sings in a typical vintage era style here.

Other duets are: Aag Lagi Tan Man Dhan Sab Mein Narak Bhayo Sansaar (with Shamshad Begum – Lyrics: Arzoo Lakhanvi) does not seem to be available on YT and Jo Aage Badhe Use Peechhe Hata Do with Shamshad Begum – Lyrics: Pandit Fani) – a second part of the Rafi and Chorus song Sue Manzil Badhaye Chala Chal. – is available together in one clip@

Hanuman Prasad is known mostly for the discovery of Geeta Roy, when she was 16, and gave her few lines in foiur songs of film Bhakta Prahlad (1946). He is also director of the present film, Raseeli.

Dil Mujhko Jalaata Hai Main Dil Ko Jalaati Hun – Raseeli – with Shamshad Begum- Lyrics: Hanuman Prasad – Music: Hanuman Prasad

Here is the song that is inherently poignant, as Rafi and Shamashad render it in low octaves. It must have been quite an experience to the budding Rafi!

The film has another Shamshad – Rafi duet, Yah Nayan Kyun Sharma Gaye (Lyrics: Gaafil Harnaalvi) where Rafi can be heard in early raw tone.

Bulo C Rani is a leading vintage era music director.

Jaao Jaao Na Bolungi Main Accha Ji Hato Hato – Saalgirah – with Kaumudini Deekshit , an unknow female singer – Lyrics: Wali Sahab – Music: Bulo C Rani

This a mischievous mood romantic song, where Mohammad Rafi indulges in music-director guided ‘harkats’ of interrupting with Aisa Kya and all. In the later years, Mohammad Rafi was known to do so spontaneously to make the songs lively.

Taufil Farooqi (1916-1988) is fondly recalled as creator of the original Zumka Gira Re (Dekhoji, 1947 – Shamsahd Begum).

Baithe Hain Tere Dar Par Kuchh Karke Uthenge – Sona Chandi – with Shamshad Begum – Wali Sahab – Music: Taufil Farooqui

This can be considered maiden Chhed Chaad song for Mohammad Rafi.

We will make an exception to include another duet –

Man Ki Suni Nagariya Suhani Bani – Sona Chandi – with Amirbai Karnataki – Lyrics: Khawar JamaN – Music: Taufil Farooqui

Here we have a totally romantic duet. Mohammad Rafi quite easily matches sur-by-sur with experienced Amirbai.

We will take up Mohammad Rafi’s First Duet with a Music Director for the years 1947 and 1948, of the First Five-Year Period: 1944-1948, in our December 2021 episode.

[1] S N Tripathi’s Unremembered Songs from 1941 to 1968