The Micro View of Songs of 1943 – Female Solo Songs – Amirbai Karnataki

Having completed the Male Solo Songs section of Songs of 1943 of the Best songs of 1943: And the winners are? we now move over to the Female Solo Songs.

As has been observed, the year 1943 has around 256 female solo songs for which the HFGK has been able to identify the singers. There can be a few more female songs available on YT too.

We have not repeated here the songs that have been covered in the Memorable Songs of 1943.

Solo songs of Amirbai Karnataki

Memorable Songs of 1943 has 8 solo songs of Amirbai Karnataki, of which 4 belong to ‘Kismet’  and two have Minaxi as the singer and one has Ratan Piya as the singer on th records. Here we have the songs credited to Amirbai Karnataki in HFGK and which are available on YT, except around 6/7 songs that could not traced on YT.

Hum Tumse Maangate HaiN, AahoN Ke Badale Aahein – Bansari – D N Madhok / Pt. Indra (?) – Gyan Dutt

YuN Dekhoge Agar Lag Jaaayegi Najar, O Baanke Nayanawale – Khanjarwali – Afzal – Afzal

Tore Man Mein Basoongi Ho Sajana, Tum Chanda Bano Main Chandani – Prem Sangeet – Bharat Vyas – S K Pal

Man Re Mat Ro, Mat Ro, Kaise Tujhe ManauN – Prem Sangeet – Bharat Vyas – S K Pal

KyoN Tumne Daraya, Peechhe Peechhe Prem Tu KyuN – Prem Sangeet – Bharat Vyas – S K Pal

Jeevan Ka Jug Aaya… Dekh Dekh Kar Man Lalchaya – Prithvi Vallabh – Pt. Sudarshan – Rafiq Ghazanvi

Hawa Ne Kya Baandha Hai Rang, Dekho Iski Chaal Niraali – – Prithvi Vallabh – Pt. Sudarshan – Rafiq Ghazanvi

Bholi Bhaali Ko LalachaI Re MaiN, Kaise KahuN – Shankar Pravati – Pt. Indra – Gyan Dutt

Kinko Dhundhat Nain Sakhi Ri, Kaun Tera Chitchor – Shankar Parvati – Pt. Indra – Gyan Dutt

Fading Memories ….. Unforgettable Songs : March 2022

Ghulam Mohammed and His Singers : 1950-1952

Ghulam Mohammed (1903 – 17 March 1968)’s musical scores during the years 1943 to 1949 had established his identity as percussionist who had also gift of composing melodies as well. He had already been successful with the scores of Pugree (1948) and Shair (1949). However, it seems that his concurrent role as assistant to Naushad perhaps had cast some kind of shadow over his own identity as independent music director. This relationship continued till film Aan) 1952. Some historians consider him too naïve a businessman since he continued to assist Naushad even he had getting success by 1948.

This theory seems to hold some merit, because Ghulam Mohammed did get three films in 1950, two in 1951 and three again in 1952. These numbers need to be viewed in the back drop of the fact that several other (so-called) already stablished) music directors were also scoring successful music for the then big production banners in the same period. 1950 had Naushad scoring music for ‘Dastan’ and ‘Babul’, C Ramchandra for ‘Sargam’ and Anil Biswas for ‘Arzoo’. In 1951, along with “Deedar’ of Naushad, S D Buraman’s ‘Bahaar’ and Baazi’, C Ramchandra’s ‘Albela, Anil Biswas’s ‘Taraana’ and Shanker Jaikishan’s “Aawara’ occupied the space. There was hardly any respite in 1952 as well, with Naushad’s  ‘Aan’ and ‘Baiju Bawra’, S D Burman’s Jaal and Shanker Jaikishan’s ‘Daag.’

In all the fairness to Ghulam Mohammed, it should also be noted that some other equally talented music directors also had not been able to break the glass ceiling, even if their music was also noted with high respect o their talent. For example, Bulo C Rani – Jogan (1950), Roshan – Hum Log (1951) and Anhonee (1952), Hemant Kumar – Anand Math (1951) and Madan Mohan – Ashiana (1952) to name a few representative cases.

Be that as it may, our principal focus of the present series to commemorate the death anniversary month of Ghulam Mohammed is to refresh our memories of his compositions and get an overview of Ghulam Mohammed’s repertoire of 37 films as independent music directors with special attention to the wide range of playback singer he has used for his compositions.

As such, we have sidestepped some of his popular compositions for the present series and intentionally chosen songs that may be called as less heard ones so as to get a better appreciation of Ghulam Mohammed’s talent.

Previously, in 2021, we have covered Ghulam Mohamamed’s songs with different singers for the years 1943 to 1949.

With this backdrop to be kept at the back of our minds, we now take up Ghulam Mohammed’s songs for different playback singers during the years 1950 to 1952.

Rajkumari, Mukesh – Maine Sapna Jo Dekha Hai Raat… Bhala Jo Koi Puchhe… To Main Kya KahuN – Hanste Aansoo (1950) – Lyrics: Majrooh Sultanpuri

Here is an archetypical vintage era styled composition. However, the song succeeds in conveying the feelings of a girl who has fallen in love, for the first time. Majrooh Sultanpuri also has preferred to use very simple lyrics to truly express the feelings.

One noteworthy feature of Ghulam Mohammed’s  compositions was differently presented stanzas of his compositions, unlike many of his contemporaries who would not waste one more tune in one composition.

Shamshad Begum, Hameeda Banu, Raja Gul – O Jane Wale Theher Ja …., Dil De Ja Ya Le Ja Raja Ulfat Ka Ye Bazaar Hai – Hansate Aaansoo (1950) – Lyrics:  Shevan Rizvi

Ghulam Mohammed has boldly experimented with non-traditional orchestration for this street dance triad song, while maintaining the identity of the song genre with the use of catchy piece of harmonium in the brief prelude.

Shamshad Begum – Hum Dil Hi Apna Haar Gaye – Maang (1950) – Lyrics: Husaini

Comparison of the present composition with the previous one, Maine Sapna Jo Dekha Hai Raat, evidently demonstrates the vastness of range of tunes that Ghulam Mohammed can command to present almost similar feeling.

Since the song is not available on YT, here is an adio link: Hum Dil Hi Apna Haar Gaye.mp3

Uma Devi, Lata Mangeshkar – Na Jaane Aaj Kyon Gabra Rahi Ho – Maang (1950) – Lyrics: Prakash

Ghulam Mohammed recreates magic of blending voices of vintage era icon (Uma Devi) and the rising star of Golden Era) Lata Mangeshkar)

(Rajkumari), Geeta Dutt, Hamida Banu – Aaya Achanak Aisa Jhonka Hind Ka Jagamag Deep Bujha – Maang (1950) – Lyrics: Sagheer Usmani

Here is song that eulogises passing away Mahatma Gandhi. Even he Ghulam Mohammed has very deftly experimented with change in tunes for different stanzas.

It may be noted that Rajkumari is singing along with Geeta Dutt in first part of the song.

Mohammed Rafi, Amirbai Karnataki – Main HuN Bada NaseeboNwala….Hua Tera Mera Pyar Fatafat – Pardes (1950) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

Ghulam Mohammed comes all trump in a light-hearted comedy song. The icing on the cake is use of Amirbai Karnataki for such a song!

How imaginatively Ghulam Mohammed has used Mohammad Rafi’s voice for the opening line!

Lata Mangeshkar – KyuN Ae Dil-e- Diwana Hai Hosh Se Beganaa – Bikhre Moti (1951) – Lyrics: Akhtar ul Iman

The influence of vintage era style on Ghulam Mohammed’s compositions, even during 1951, is evident in the way he has used Lata Mangeshkar’s voice in this song.

Talat Mahmood – Chandanee Raato Mein Jis Dam Yaad Aa Jaate Ho Tum Roshani Bankar Meri Ankhoein Mein Chha Jaate Ho Tum – Naazneen (1951) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

I so much regret that this is one Talat Mahmood song that I must have hardly got to hear earlier.

Asides: Shri Arunkumar Deshmukh informs that this was the film in which Amjad Khan has acted as a child artist.

Shamshad Begum, G. M. Durrani, Mohammed Rafi – Do Din Ki Zindagi Hai … Ik Baar Muskara Do, Parde Mein Tum Hansi Ke …. Dil Ki Lagi Ko Chhupaa Lo – Ajeeb Ladki (1952) – Shakeel Badayuni

This song indeed should tell us what effort Rafi must have put into create his own identity in his initial days as we find difficult to the way Rafi handles lower octave mukhada and high pitch opening of the first stanza or chips in with a cameo line in the second stanza.

Zohrabai Ambalewali, Shamshad Begum – Dil Ke Sheesh Mahal Mein Aaya Yeh Matwala Chor – Amber (1952) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

In the stage dances, the dancers take up dress code of two cultures of two regions. Ghulam Mohammed has composed the tune matching to that culture. Especially noteworthy is the multi-instrument orchestra put to use by Ghulam Mohammed.

Mohammad Rafi – Churakar Dil Ko Yun Aankhein Churana Kisse Sikha Hai .. Chale Jaana Tum Door Bade Shaukh Se Huzoor…Mera Dil Mujhe Wapas Kar Do. – Amber (1952) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

Unlike majority of Ghulam Mohammed compositions, here we have complex to sing tune, and that too for a song where the hero is trying to please the heroine!

Lata Mangeshkar – Tutegi Nahi Pyar Ki Dor Duniya Chahe Lag Le Jhor – Amber (1952) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

Ghulam Mohammed has not only switched to Lata Mangeshkar as lead singer but has also stayed away in using Lata Mangeshkar in the shadow of vintage era singing style.

Shamshad Begum, Mohammed Rafi – Rote Hai Naina Gam Ke Maare, Dekh Rahi HuN Din Mein Taare – Amber (1950 – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

I have selected this ‘masala’ dance song to validate the hypothesis – that Ghulam Mohammed has given Lata Mangeshkar the position of lead singer – put forward in the earlier song as soon as he has been entrusted the music for the film with the ‘hottest’ pair of the day – Nargis and Raj Kapoor.

Noteworthy is the change in the mood o the song that he has accomplished the way he has used Mohammad Rafi.

Mubarak Begum – Jal Jal Ke MaruN Kuchh Kah Na SakuN – Sheesha (1952) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

Ghulam Mohammed deploys vast orchestra during mukhada but then the stanza comes rendered with minimal instrumental support! This should easily rate as one of the best Mubarak Begum songs; however, the fact remains that, at least, I have heard it for the first time. So unfortunate that Mubarak Begum did not get many such high-quality singing opportunities!

What a pity that the failure of film at the box office also leads to the very short life of the songs, barring, of course, some exceptions!

Lata Mangeshkar – Jawani Ke Raaste Pe Aaj Mera Dil Hai – Sheesha (1952- Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

Ghulam Mohammed sets the tone of happiness of the song by a very catchy prelude and then follows it up with composing the song in the effervescent singing mode.

Thanks to the technology and resourcefulness and the commitment of all the YT uploaders, we can recreate the mesmerising magic of Ghulam Mohammed’s compositions, even today, whether it did cast spell then or not!

We take a break here till the next episode so that we can absorb the nuances and range of present batch of Ghulam Mohammed’s compositions.

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: December 2021

Mohammad Rafi’s First Duet Song With The Music Director: 1947-1948


The Google Doodle by Mumbai-based illustrator Sajid Shaikh, on Mohammad Rafi’s 93rd birthday [B: 24-12-1924 | D: 31-7-1980] depicted Mohammad Rafi as the king of playback singing in Bollywood. It shows the journeys of famous Rafi songs as they progressed from the studio, onto the silver screen and into the hearts of fans forever.

The second part of the First Five-Year Period of Mohammad Rafi’s career, covering the years 1947 and1948, that we presently take up for our series Mohammad Rafi’s First Duet Song with Music Director can be said to be period when he was still in the music recording rooms. As we have seen in the first part covering years 1944 to 1946, Mohammad Rafi was at the initial phase of ‘being under test’. More and more music directors were giving him a solo here or a duet there.

As we shall presently see, the definite trend of Mohammad Rafi trying to create his own space by discovering his own style to the confident delivery of his lines against more experienced female singers of vintage era under the batons of wider range of music directors has started emerging by the end of First- Five Year Period.


Six more music directors have offered Mohammad Rafi diets with as many as eight different singers – three of which are the male singers – in the year 1947.

In so far as Mohammad Rafi’s career is concerned, the year 1947 had opened the door – in the form of the solo, Duniya Mein Meri Aaj Andhera Hi Andhera (Do Bhai- Music: S D Burman – Lyrics: Raja Mahendi Ali Khan) – that led to a strong association with S D Burman.. 1947 had also Mohammad Rafi singing his first, and the only duet with Noor Jehan – YahaN Badala Wafa Ka Bewafai Ke Siwa Kya Hai (Jugnu – Music Firoz Nizami – Lyrics: Azhar Sarhadi). This also was Mohammad Rafi’s first ever playback for Dilip Kumar.

Datta Davjekar, (15-11-1917 | 19-9-2007) a fairly known name in the then Marathi films, debuts with Aap Ki Sewan Mein in Hindi Films. He composed music for 5 Hindi films, 51 Marathi and around 500 documentary films. The film, Aap Ki Sewa Mein, has other record, in the form of. Lata Mangeshkar’s maiden songs as a playback singer with the song Paa Laagoon Kar Joree Re, to its account.

Desh Mein Sankat Aaya Hai, Ab Kuchh Kar Ke Dikhalana Hai – Aap Ki Sewa Mein – with G M Sajan – Lyrics: Mahipal

The song reflects the mood of pre-independance era, as it ends with “Chheen lo , chheen lo ……..” hinting  ‘Azaadi chheen lo”. Otherwise, the lyrics are mainly about food shortages, or maybe it is talking about famine, in Bihar or Bengal, that rampaged India in that period..

There is a male-female duet son too.

Main Teri Tu Mera Dono Ka Sang Sang Basera – Aap Ki Sewa Mein – with Mohantara – Lyrics: Mahipal

Mohammad Rafi has handled the eagerness of a longing lover on his way to meet his beloved in a controlled high-octave scale rendition. The beauty of the composition is in its vibrant freshness after so many years.

Aside Trivia:

Datta Dawjekar worked as an assistant to C Ramchandra from 1952 to 1961. As such, the source of inspiration for C Ramchandra’s popular song Eenaa Meena Deekaa. . . (Aasha, 1957) is originally created for the Marathi song “Ina Mina Mona Baass” from a children’s play for Marathi stage, by Datta Dawjekar, who also wrote the lyrics for the Marathi song.

Source Credit: Shishir Krishna Shrama’s post on Datta Dawjekar

Prakash Nath Sharma does not seem to be a known name as a music director. The only film for which he seems to have composed music, Ek Kadam, does have one Mohammad Rafi – Shamshad Begum duet. Tu Bhi Rah Main Bhi (Lyrics: Avtar Visharad), that does not seem to have a digital presence on net.

C(hitalkar Narhar) Ramchandra (12 January 1918 – 5 January 1982), is another music director who went on to have a strong presence in the subsequent period of Golden Era.

Kisko SunauN Hal-e-Dil. Ham ko Tumhara Hi Aasra Tum Hamare Ho Na Ho – Saajan – with Lalita Deulkar – Lyrics: Moti B A

The duet, and Mohammad Rafi’s solo version, were immensely popular and the both has the future imprint of Mohammad Rafi’s singing style that was later identified as his unique style during his post vintage-era career of ‘50s..

The film has one more duet Main HuN Jaipur Ki Banajaran, Chanchal Mera Naam, with Lalita Deulkar (Lyrics: Qamar Jalalabadi) and two triads, Hum Banjare Sang Hamare Dhoom Macha Le Duniya (Lyrics: Moti B A) and Sambhal Sambhal Ke Jaiyo Banjare, Dilli Door Hai (Lyrics: Ram Murti Chaturvedi) with Lalita Deulkar and Geeta Dutt (Roy).

Khemchand Prakash, a doyen of ‘40s, made two most significant contributions for which the Golden Era remains indebted. One was introduction of Kishore Kumar in Ziddi (1948) – Jeene Ki Tamanna Kaun Karein …….  Marne Ki Duaein KyoN Maangein  . and gave Lata Mangeshkar a defining identity in Aayega Anewala (Mahal, 1949).

Aji Maat Poochhco Baat Ki College Albeli, Indrapuri Sakshat Colege Albeli – Samaj Ko Badal Dalo – with Arunkumar and Manna Dey – Lyrics: ?

We have only audio clips here, but the knowledgeable bloggers note that Mohammad Rafi has sung his own lines on the screen.

Part 1:

Part 2

Pt. Ramakant Paingankar-Karnad, one more of those unknown names., except that Ramakant Paigankar was known to be a part of C Ramchandra orchestra team.

Chalo Ho Gayi Taiyyar.. Thehro Jee…. – Shaadi Se Pehle – with Lata Mangeshakar – Lyrics: Pt. Mukhram Sharma

This is a simple fun song that shows the lady making a big shopping list that her beloved readily agrees to buy for her with all the strapping. The song has the distinction of being the first ever Rafi Lata duet.

K(oregaonkar) Datta is said to have given Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle a chance to sing with the then reigning queen Noor Jehan. He scored music for 17 Hindi films

Nainon Se Naina Milaake Sota Prem Jagaate – Shahkar – with Rajkumari – Lyrics: Arzoo Lakhanavi

HFGK does not mention singers for the song. The song seems to be composed as a tong-song. The singing by both the singers rhymes exactly with rhythm of the song.

Ye Duniya Sab Prem Ki Tu Prem Kiye Jaa – Shahkar – with Shamshad Begum – Lyrics: Arzoo Lakhanavi

HFGK mentions the song as Parody song (record no. GE 3729 /31), though I must confess that I could not make it why it was so. However, the song has experimented with one singer overlapping the main singer on a different scale  in the mukhada, which must have called for some very innovative recording skills on the part of the sound recordist as well the music arranger.


In 1948, on the first anniversary of Indian Independence, he was awarded a Silver Medal by Jawaharlal Nehru for his, a marathon 4-part, song on Mahatma Gandhi, Suno Suno Ae Duniyawaalon Bapu Ki Amar Kahani (Music: Husnlal Bhagatram – Lyrics: Rajinder Krishna)

1948 has once again a very rich crop in so far as our present subject goes, with eight music directors and as many as ten co-singers, Except for Shamshad Begum and Ameerbai Karnataki, in the female singer section, GM Durrani in the male singer section, and Geeta Dutt and Beenapani Mukherjee one triad earlier, all other singers have partnered Mohammad Rafi first time.

Ram Ganguly (1928-1983) was part of Prithvi Theatre team. His choice of music director for Raj Kapoor’s maiden film Aag was thus a natural choice. However, because of some misunderstanding during the days when Barsaat was being planned, Aag remained the only film RK and Ram Ganguly di together,

Solah Baras Ki Bhayee Umariya – Aag – with Shamshad Begum – Lyrics: Majrooh Sultanpuri

Mohammad Rafi gets his chance in the maiden Raj Kapoor film Aag,. Since then, even if he has not been a main singer for RK films, he has always got a song or two in almost every film, some of which have become most notable songs of Rafi’s entire career.

The visuals of the song can be seen with a typical Raj Kapoor touch.

Hans Raj Behl has used Mohmmad Rafi for duets in two films in 1948 – Chunariya and Satyanarayan.

Phool Ko Bhul Le Ke Baitha Khar, Tera Kaanto Se Hai Pyar – Chunariya – with Geeta Dutt – Lyrics: Mulk Raj Bhakhari

The song seems to be some type of beggar or a fakir song.

Dilliwale Sahab Gajhab Kar Daala Re – Satyanarayana – with Beenapani Mukherjee – Lyrics: Pt. Indra

This is a thoroughly enjoyable fun song.

The film had two more duets of Mohammad Rafi and Beenpani Mukherjee – Kya Yaad Hai Tumko Wo Din Ji (Lyrics: Sewak) and Mera Dil Ghayal Karke Bairi Jag Se Dar Ke (Lyrics: Surjeet Sethi).

Ghulam Mohammad has paired Mohammad Rafi to sing with Suraiya, one of the top actress-singing star of that time. The pair then went on to sing 24 duets, some of which remain the most memorable duets, which can be a subject for a separate article in the future.

TaaroN Bhari Raat Hai Par Tu Nahi – Kajal – with Suraiya – Lyrics: D N Madhok

On the face of it the lyrics seem to express pain of the two being away from each other. However, the song runs on a fast pace, normally used for happy songs. In the absence of this dichotomy remains unresolved. However, listening to Mohammad Rafi as if he were singing a song almost after half a decade later in the time in the style of ‘40s and matching Suraiya’s exhortations for clearly expressing the love is such a pleasant surprise.

Gyan Dutt is also a very respected ‘40s name in music direction arena. We have two duets here. Of the two, Chalo Jamuna Ke Paar  … Dil Ki Dukanein Lagi JahaN Par NainoN Ke Bajar (Lal Dupatta – with Shamshad Begum, Sulochana Kadam, Chorus- Lyrics: Shewan Rzvi (?))being a very sweet-to-listen-to triad with chorus, Rafi does no get much exposure. So, I have opted for the other one for the present article.

Ari O Albeli Naar Kyon Chhupakar Kare Vaar – Lal Dupatta – with Shamshad Begum, Chorus – Manohar Khanna

This is a chhed-chhad-cum-appeasement light mood duet, the first line of the mukhada and each interlude representing chhed chhad. Mohammad Rafi seems to enjoy seriously matching Shamshad begum’s mischievous tone

Dhumi Khan, is one more of an unknown music director, even though he is shown as ‘supporting actor, music director’. YT has an interesting video clip on Dhumi Khan, that gives some more vital pieces of information. The famous duet song Ambuwa Ki Daali Daali Jhoom Rahi Hai Ali (Vidyapati, 1937- Music: R C Boral) has Dhaumi Khan as co-singer with Kanan Devi. Hopefully, the Dhumi Khan is same person.

Ek Abr-e-Siyah Chhaya Aaja Mere Saathi – Rahnuma – with Shamashad Begum- Lyrics: Dhumi Khan

The song is a simple love song, Mohammad Rafi expressing the sincere intent of the lover for his loved one.

Ek Aisa MahaL Banayenge (with Rekharani- – Lyrics: Habib Sarhadi) from the same film is not traceable on net.

Ameerbai Karnataki, a renowned playback singer, has composed songs for ‘Shahnaz’,  wherein Mohammad Rafi had two solos and three duets in the film.

Mujhe Tumse Mohabbat Hai, Ye Meri Chak Damani – Lyrics: Fiza Kausari Banaglori

Mohammad Rafi very deftly handles a medium spaced composition.

Nazaaron Se Kheloon Bahaaron Se KhelooN, Mera Bas Chale To Chand TaaroN Se KhelooN, Yahi Chahta Hai BaharoN Se KhelooN Machalatae Hue AabsaaroN Se KhelooN – Lyrics: Akhtar Pilibhiti

In response to Amirbai’s high scale singing, Mohammad Rafi comes up with a lower scale this very small clip that is available.

Tere Nazdeek Jaate Hein Na Tujhse Door Hote Hain, Mohabbat Karanewale.. Is Tarah Mazboor Hote HaiN – with Ameerbai Karnataki – Lyrics: Akhtar Pilibhiti

Mohammad Rafi gets to sing a qawwali composition early in his career.

Rasheed Attre was one of the music directors who went on to hit immense popularity even after migrating Pakistan. His composition of Faiz Mohamamd Faiz’s ghazal Mujh Se Pahale Si Muhabbat Mere Maheboob Na Mang remains the hallmark of Noor Jehan’s career.

Koltaar Mein Rang De Piya Mori Chundariya – Shikayat – Khan Mastana, G M Durrani, Aslam, Chorus – Lyrics: Ibrahim Khan ‘Momin’

Mohammad Rafi is a minor partner in this MM triad.

Statically speaking, the first Five-year-period of 1944-48 has seen Mohammad Rafi working with 26 music directors for first time for a duet song.  Each of the song has given Mohammad Rafi a different experience of singing. That perspective apart, the fact remains that the journey had taken off well and was gaining the required velocity.

We will end 1944-48 five-year-period with what I consider as Mohammad Rafi’s most iconic song, which also happens to be my most favorite among Mohammad Rafi’s songs…

Vatan Ki Raah Mein Vatan Ke Naujawan Shaheed Ho – Shaheed – with Khan Mastana, chorus – Music: Ghulam Haider – Lyrics: Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

Mohammad Rafi’s finely controlled delivery of so high passion would be hallmark of his sing style in the future.

Our journey of Mohammad Rafi’s first duet with a music director continues……

Both episodes of the 1st Five-Year Period of Mohammad Rafi’s First Duet with a Music director – 1944-1948 can be downloaded as one file by clicking on the link.

All 12 episodes from January to December 2021 of the series Fading Memories, Unfading Songs-2021 can be read /downloaded by clicking on the hyperlink.


We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month next year too……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1944 @ SoY : Female Solo Songs – Amirbai Karnataki [2]

In continuation to Part [1]

Amirbai Karnataki had a very productive 1944. Pagli Duniya, which was the maiden film of Bulo C Rani, Amirbai Karnataki had as many as seven solo songs.

Ghar Humko Jalaoge Duniya Ko Jal Denge – Pagli Duniya – Ramanand – Bulo C Rani

Ghata Chhayi Hai Ghanghor, Kya Lai Hai – PaglI Duniya – Ramanand – Bulo C Rani

KyuN Aankh Milai Thi Gar Aankh Churani The To – Pagli Duniya – Sharma – Bulo C Rani

Sham Bhai Ghar Aa Jaa, O Raja – Pagli Duniya – Wali Sahab – Bulo C Rani

Dil Se Dard Bharpur Hai, AankhoN Mein Hai Pani – PaglI Duniya – Ramanand – Bulo C Rani

Na DekhuN Main Darpan, Sakhi Ri Mohe Dekh Gaya Sajan – Pagli Duniya – Pt. Indra – Bulo C Rani

Aa Re Tu Aa Ab Na Sata – Police – Ramesh Gupta – Panna Lal Ghosh

Baaj Rahi Kis Aur Muraliya .. – Police – Ramesh Gupta – Panna Lal Ghosh

MaiN Aapki HuN Bina, Tum Geet Ho Kanhaiya – Us Paar- Pt. Madhur – Phiroz Nizami

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1944 @ SoY : Female Solo Songs – Amirbai Karnataki [1]

Having completed the Male Solo Songs section of Songs of 1944 of the Best songs of 1944: And the winners are? we now move over to the Female Solo Songs.

As has been observed, the byaer 1944 has around 240 female solo sngs for which the HFGK has been able to identify the singers. This will be the year when we will have all the female solo songs in the voices of vintage era singers. As such, for me, it is going to be a very in-depth exposure to the vintage era composition style.

We have not repeated here the songs that have been covered in the  Memorable Songs of 1944

Solo songs of Amirbai Karnataki

Memorable Songs of 1944  has five solo songs of Amirbai Karnataki, of which one is the swashing hit Mil ke bichhad ke gayi ankhiyan (Rattan, Music: Naushad Ali).Here we have the songs credited to Amirbai Karnataki in HFGK and which are available on YT, except aound 6/7 songs that could not traced on YT.


Ari Hawa Tu Sun Le, Sun Le Main Bhi Aati HuN – Anaban – Pt. Madhur- Gyan Dutt

Paas Tum Ho To Dil Ko Qarar Hai – Bade Nawab Saheb – Shums Lakhnavi – Bashir Dehlvi

Ikrar Ke Parde Mein MUjhe Na Sajha De – Badi Baat – Ramanad – Phiroz Nizami

Soti HuN Ab Sab Soti HuN, Tum Chanda Mujhe Jaga Dena – Badi Baat – Saraswati Kumar Dipak – Phiroz Nizami

Teri Pee Pee Ki PukaroN Ne Dil Lut Liya – Bahnwara – Pt. Indra – Khemchand Prakash

Duniya Ki AankhoN Se Sharamanewale,… Suni Hai Tujh Bin – Bhanwara – Ramanand – Khemchand Prakash

Soona Mandir Mera Sakhi Ri, Jagmag Jagmag – Bharthari- Pt. Indra – Khemchnad Prakash

Aye Chand Bata De Tu Mewra Chand KahaN Hai – Caravan – Ramanad – Bulo C Rani

Bijali Giranewale, Bijali Tu Phir Gira De– Caravan – Shrma – BulO C Rani

Aaj Kar Le Ji Bhar Ke Singar, Tohe Jaana Hai – Maa Baap – Roopbani – Alla Rakha

Sham Hui O Panchhi Aa, Ab Apne Ghar Ko Aa – Maa Baap – Roopbani – Alla Rakha

We will take up the rest of teh solo songs of Amirbai Karnataki for the year 1944in our next episode.

Songs of 1945 @ SoY :: Female Solo Songs – Amirbai Karnataki [2]

We listened to first part of Solo Songs of Amirbai Karnataki for the year 1945, which had songs from just three films. In the present second part, we have covered Amirbai Karnataki’s solo songs for the year 1945 from seven films. Songs for the two films Ghar (Music: Alla Rakha) and Vikramaditya Music: Shankar Rao Vyas) could not be located on YT.

Bairan Ban Gayi Nindiya Ho, Koi Jaay KahaN – Chhamia – Gyan Dutt –

Saja Naseeb Ne De Di Nazar Milane Ki – Ek Din Ka Sultan – D Gadkar – Wali Sahab

Meri Banri Ki God Hari, Hari Meri Banri Ki God Hari– Ek Din Ka Sultan – D Gadkar – Wali Sahab

Garibo Ki Duniya JahN Se Nirali – Ek Din Ka Sultan – Rafiq Gazanavi – Wali Sahab

Unse Jo Saheb Salamat Ho Gayi – Ek Din Ka Sultan – Shanti Kumar – Wali Sahab

Hansane Hasane Ke Din Aa Gaye Hai – Kul Kalank – Alla Rakhkha – Roopbaani

Pee Aur Pila Pila Mere Saqui – Kul Kalank – Alla Rakhkha – Roopbaani

Chhaye Hai Kale Megh To Bauchchar To Hogi – Mazdoor – H P Das – G S Nepali

More Balamwa More Sajanwa – Preet – Bulo C Rani – D N Madhok

Jiya Dole…Lakh Kahun Kuchh Na Bole – Preet – Bulo C Rani – D N Madhok

Har Dil Mein Muhabbat Hai, Mera Dil Hai Akela – Samrat Chandragupt – C Ramchandra –Pt. Budhdhi Chandra Agrawal ‘Madur’

Saiyaa Salone Se Nain Mila Ke, Preet Laga Ke Jaan Gayi – Village Girl – Shyam Sundar – Wali Sahab

Bansi Ki Madhur Dhun Se Mere Bhaag Jaga De – Village Girl – Shyam Sundar – Wali Sahab

We will take up Solo Songs of Zohrabai Ambalewali for the year 1945 in our next post.

Songs of 1945 @ SoY :: Female Solo Songs – Amirbai Karnataki [1]

If we take sheer number of songs as THE criterion for selecting The Best Singer for The Year, then Amirbai Karanataki undoubtedly takes the shield. The songs that I could locate on YT, from the ones mentioned in HFGK, make a two-post long list. However, that is not the only crireion we need to judge her. She has three films where she is the lead singer and has all songs to her account. The list is strong enough to make the first part of her 1945 solo songs.She also has seven other films where she is one of the female singers (listed in the 2nd part, to be followed.)

Runak Jhunak Chapal Charan Nache More Man – Amrapali – Saraswatidevi

Ud Jaau Re… Main To TaroN Ki Duniya Mein – Amrapali – Saraswatidevi

Mujhe Naino Ke Bandhan Kas Gaya Re Koi Pardesi – Amrapali – Saraswatidevi

Piya Mere Saath Rahenge Aaj Ki Raat– – Amrapali – Saraswatidevi

Is Duniya Ki Pagdandi Par, Tumhi Ho Mere Saathi – Amrapali – Saraswatidevi

Aaj Apane Ghar Mein Lagi Aag Re, Naujawan Jaag Re – Amrapali – Saraswatidevi

Man Mein Basa Le Piya Ko – Chand Chakori – Bulo C Rani – Wali Sahab

Jogan Bana Ke Piya Chhod Gaya Galiyo Mein – Chand Chakori – Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra

Hawa Tum Qassid Ban Kar Jaana – Chand Chakori – Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra

Mohe Phool Ke Gajre Ne, AankhoN Ke Kajre Ne Poochha – Chand Chakori – Bulo C Rani   –  Pt. Indra

Saiya O Saiya To He Bulbul Kahoon – Chand Chakori – Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra

Doobati Nao Ko Tinke Ka Sahara Na Mila – Chand Chakori – Bulo C Rani – Wali Sahab

Yaar Ki Galiya Hai Bade Pyar Ki Duniya – Chand Chakori – Bulo C Rani – Wali Sahab

Main Tujh Se Poochhati Hun ….Ro Ro Ke Suanti Hai Aakhein – Chand Tara – Gyan Dutt – Swami Ramamand

Jhanan Jhana Mori Baaje Payaliya  – Chand Tara – Gyan Dutt – Swami Ramamand

Pardes Mein Jaanewale Sajan Teri Yaad Aayi – Chand Tara – Gyan Dutt – Swami Ramamand

Ro Ro Ke Sunaati Hain Aankhen Mera Fasana – Chand Tara – Gyan Dutt – Swami Ramamand

Tuje Meri Qasam, Meri JaaN Ki Qasam, Mere Manke Rog– Chand Tara – Gyan Dutt – Swami Ramamand

We will take up remaining Solo Songs of Amirbai Karnataki for the year 1945 in the next episode.

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1946 @ SoY – Female Solo Songs – Amirbai Karnataki

Amirbai Karnataki also records a sizable quantitative performance for the year 1946. There are quite a few songs which do find mention in her name in HFGK, but the most painstaking YT up-loaders have not been able to manage to get the song that can be uploaded onto YT. I have not included such songs here.

Piya Milane Ko Jaanewali Samhal Samhal Ke Chal – Dev Kanya – Shyam Sundar

Nyay Yahi Hai Tumhara, Prem Ke Devata – Dulha – Gyan Dutt – B R Sharma

Jab Aanewale Aayenge, Ham Khub Unhein Kalpayenge – Dulha – Gyan Dutt – B R Sharma

Sab Kahene Ke Baatein Thi, Jo Pyar Ki Baatein Thi – Dulha – Gyan Dutt – B R Sharma

Dar Pe Tere Ik Dukh Se Bhare Dil Ne Pukara – Kamla – Gyan Dutt

Do Dil Ko Ek Dil Milakar Banana Yaad Hai – Kamla – Gyan Dutt

Koi Prano Ke Taar Zanaka Gaya Re – Kamla – Gyan Dutt

Vada Wafa Ka Karke Kisi Ne Bhula Diya – Kamla – Gyan Dutt

Kaanto Se Chhedate Hai Mere Jigar Ke Chhale – Keemat – Naushad Ali – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Man Dol Raha Hai, Man Dol Raha Hai – Keemat – Naushad Ali – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Phunk Do Bhagwan Aa Ke Apana JahaN – Keemat – Naushad Ali – Majrooh Sultanpuri

O Lakh Karo Chaturai Balam Main Hath Na Aaungi – Magadhraj – Bulo C Rani – Pandit Indra

HFGK does not mention the singer, but she does sound like Ameerbai to the uploader of the song, to which I concur.

Mere Maina Madhubaina, Tu Kahana Sajana Se Sapno Mein Aye Na – Maharani Minal Devi – Saraswati Devi –

YT mentions Rajkumari as singer for this song.

Aa AnkhoN Mein Aa, PalkoN Mein Aa, Aa Ke Chhup Jaa – Nargis – Husnlal-Bhagatram – Qamar Jalalabadi

Main Kaise KahuN Tute Hue Dil Ki Kahani – Nargis – Husnlal-Bhagatram – Qamar Jalalabadi

Roti AankhoN Mein Teri Yaad Aati Hai – Nargis – Husnlal-Bhagatram – Qamar Jalalabadi –

Bairan NeendiyaN KyoN Nahi Aaye, Door Khadi Muskae – Pujari – Hansraj Behl – Wali Sahab

We will take up Solo Songs of Zohrabai Ambalewali for 1946 in our next episode.

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1947 : Female Solo Songs – Amirbai Karnataki [2]

That Amirbai Karanataki’s career graph had peaked in 1947 is amply validated by the number of solo songs and the variety of music directors who composed her songs  in 1947.

We have also split the post on her solo songs in twp parts. Having listed to Part 1 last week, we now take up the 2nd, concluding part of her solo songs for the year 1947.

Popular solo songs

Humein Kya Pata Tha …Maar Katari Mar Jaana – Shehnai – C Ramchandra – P L Santoshi

O Roothe Hue Bhagwan Tum Ko Kaise Manau – Sindoor – C Ramchandra – Qamar Jalalabadi

Koi Roke Use Aur Yeh Kah De – Sindoor – C Ramchandra – Qamar Jalalabadi

Other Solo Songs

Man Baat Na Meri Maane Main Thak Gayee Samajha Ke – Rangeen Kahani – Pheroze Nizami B A – Wahid Queraishi

Buz Gae Aashaon Ke Deepak, Sab Sapane Mukh Mod Gaye – Rangeen Kahani – Pheroze Nizami B A – Wahid Queraishi

Main Shabab Hun, Main Shabab Hun, Main Sharab Hun, Main Sharab Hun, Main Hizab Hun – Rangeen Kahani – Pheroze Nizami B A – Wahid Queraishi

Naina Ro Ro Ke Rah Jaaen, Naina Rah Rah Kar Bhar Aae – Samaj Ko Badal Dalo – Khemchand Prakash – Roopdas

Naiana Jal Bhar Aae Premi, Preet Kiye Pachhatae – Samrat Ashok – Gyan Dutt – Shams Lakhanavi

The digital link for this song could not be located, however we have YT link for another version of Beenapani Mukherjee

Toot Chuke Jab Man Ke Taar, Kaise Nikale Zankar– Samrat Ashok – Gyan Dutt – Shams Lakhanavi

Tum Na Samjhoge Kabhi, Dil Ka Lagana Kya Hai – Seedha Rasta – S K Pal

O Duniya Bananewale Kya Yahi Hai Duniya Teri – Sindoor – C Ramchandra – Qamar Jalalabadi

Mujh Ko Pyari Lagati Hai Tumhari Pahechan – Veeranagana – Hari Prasanna Das / Manna Dey

The list of songs for which I have not been able to locate the digital links is also very large:

  • Ye Dil Hi Kahi Dil Ki Lagi Naa Ban Jaae  – Rangeen Kahani – Pheroze Nizami B A – Wahid Queraishi
  • Tum Bin Kaun Sahara Bhagwan Tum Bin Kaun Sahara – Rangeen Kahani – Pheroze Nizami B A – Wahid Queraishi
  • Mera Rootha Preetam Man Gaya – Rangeen Kahani – Pheroze Nizami B A – Wahid Queraishi
  • More Saiyan Ki Mose Chhod – Utho Jago – Aziz Khan / Ibrahim –
  • O Aayee Ghir Ghir ke Kali Badariya – Zinda Dil – Aziz Khan Mastana
  • O Sapano Mein Aanewale, Aa Man Ko Rizanewale – Zinda Dil – Aziz Khan Mastana

In the next episode, we will take up solo songs of another vintage era female playback singer, Zohrabai Ambalewali, for the year 1947.

The Micro View of Best Songs of 1947 : Female Solo Songs – Amirbai Karnataki [1]

Amirbai Karanataki is one of the stalwarts of post-playback singing period of the vintage era, who also acted in the films. This is strongly validated in the present year in terms of the number of solo songs that she has rendered. Her songs of C Ramchandra or of Naushad – she is the lead singer for Elaan – indicate that she had quite successfully transitioned to the new style of singing which was being ushered in the by the younger crop of music directors.

It is said that the rising graph of career post-1943 film ‘Kismet’ had peaked in 1947. We also have split her solo songs of 1947 into two posts, so as to do justice to the fairly large numbers of her solo songs this year.

Tumhari Yaad Ko Dil Se Bhulake Aayee Hun – Beete Din – A Dinkar Rao –

So Ja…So Gaee Man Ki Aas Re – Beete Din – M A Rauf –

Agar Tum Na Milate Agar Tum Na Aate – Beete Din – M A Rauf –

Mere Dil Ki Tarah Hai Sitar Tar Tar – Beete Din – A Dinkar Rao

Ghanghor Ghata Ghanghor Ghata Phir Chhaayi Hai – Beete Din – A Dinkar Rao

Din Kabhi Aise Bhi Aayenge Kise Maloom Tha – Diwani –  Gyan Dutt – Shams Azimabadi

Kat Rahi Hai Beqai Mein Har Ghadi Tere Bagair – Diwani – Gyan Dutt – Shams Azimabadi

Allah Nigahban Tera Allah Nigahbaan – Elan – Naushad Ali – Ziya Sarhadi

Ayi Ye Azal Zindagi, Gam Ka Zamana Tal Gaya – Elan – Naushad Ali – Ziya Sarhadi

Kuchch Aur Sitam Honge…Rote Hue Aayen Hai, Rote Hue Jaayenge – Elan – Naushad Ali – Ziya Sarhadi

Insaan Ki Tahzib Pe Ehasan Hamara– Elan – Naushad Ali – Ziya Sarhadi

Teer Laga Teer Haye Kya Karun Loot Gayee Taqdeer Haye Kya Karoon – Kismat Ka Sitara – Alla Rakhkhaa Quraishi – Roopbani

Main Janati Hun Tum Na Aaoge Kabhi Piya – Leela – C Ramchandra – G S Nepali

O Preetam Pyare Chhod Chali Gharbar – Leela – C Ramchandra – G S Nepali

The list of songs for which I have not been able to locate the digital links is also very large:

  • Aj Meri Kismat Ka Sitara Chamaka – Diwani – Gyan Dutt – Shams  Azimabadi
  • Hansati Jaa Bal Khati Jaa Dard Kisi Ka – Diwani – Gyan Dutt – Shams  Azimabadi
  • Dekho Dekho Ji Jawani Udi Jaye Nazar Lalachaye – Hatimtai – A Kumar –
  • Nazar Mithi Mithi Ada Pyari Pyari – Hatimtai – A Kumar –
  • In Paimano Mein Aali Kya Chiz Chhalakati Raheti Hai – Kaun Pardesi – Ali Hussain Muradabadi – Muzatar Bahzadi
  • Din Khushi Ke Yaad Aa Kar Rah Gaye, Hum Phakta Aansoo Baha Kar Rah Gaye – Kaun Pardesi – Ali Hussain Muradabadi – Muzatar Bahzadi
  • Chain Paoge Na Aaram Kahi Paoge, Yaad Rakhana Mujhe Tum Bhul Ke Pachhtaoge – Kaun Pardesi – Ali Hussain Muradabadi – Muzatar Bahzadi

In our next episode, we will take 2nd, concluding, part of Amirbai Karnatali’s Solo Songs for 1947.