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Centenary Celebrations

Sahir’s Songs of Romance – Two Film Association(s)

Sahir Ludhianvi is regarded as a poet whose poetry typically did not have the joy or colour in the traditional sense of a poem.  His poems did follow the broad traditions of Urdu Nazm, or that of a Hind film song. If his poetry tended to ring a note of reality, his films songs sounded a very distinct note, that set Sahir’s film songs into a very different orbit. Here is a case in point:

hazār barq gire laakh āñdhiyāñ uTTheñ
vo phuul khil ke raheñge jo khilne vaale haiñ

Let thousands ice fall, lakhs of dust-storm rise
The flower shall blossom that is so destined.

Sahir Ludhianvi’s association with as many as 31 music directors, for the 122 films for which he penned songs, certainly provided Sahir to blossom into as many different shades that he was destined to blossom into.

Presenly, we will take up Sahir Ludhianvi;s Songs of Romance with the music directors with who he did films in his career. These music directors re, in the sequence of their first year of association, are: Usha Khanna, Rashid Are, Chitragupt, Kalyanji Anandji and Sapan Chakravarty

Usha Khanna (B: 1942), is a member of the rare elite club of female music directors in the Hindi films. Her first ever Hindi film was Dil Deke Dekho (1959).the two films where she worked with Sahir Ludhianvi are Hum Hindustan (1960) her second film and then Lakshmi a good 22 years later.

Hum Jab Chale To Ye Jahan Jhume, Aarzu Hamari AasmaN Ko Chume – Hum Hindustani (1960) – Mohammad Rafi – Music: Usha Khanna

Sahir has penned only this song for ‘Hum Hindustani’!

hamse hai fizaoN meein rang-o-bu
ham hai is jamiM ki aarzu
nadiyo ki ragini hamse hai
har taraf ye tajhgi hamse hai
hum chale to chal pade jhindagi

Halat Se Ladna Mushkil Tha, Halat Se Rishta Jod Liya– Lakshmi (1982) – Asha Bhosle – Music: Usha Khanna

The song is set to a mujra composition, but the lyrics have a profound sense of regret for not having been able to fight the circumstances. As such, this is not a song of romance that has happiness of love, but has the quintessential poetic bitterness of reality, and hence would stand excluded from the present series.

However, as noted in the preamble to the preamble, Sahir ‘s film songs sound a very different note even when they depict the bare realities of the world. Here is one such illustration.

chunri ranga li maine bindiya sajali maine
….. ….   …    ….. …
jhumar ki mang patti dil se saja li maine
…. ….  ….. …..
kar liye solah
kar liye solah singar singar singar
najro ki pyas bujhalo jamane walo
jalwo se dil bahlalo jamane walo

Rashid Attre (a.k.a. Abdul Rasheed Attra, B: 15 February 1919 – D: 18 December 1967) possessed varied musical talents.  His initiation to Hindi films took place in Calcutta in 1942. He moved to Bombay (as it was then called) in 1943 and worked successfully till 1947 when he migrated to Pakistan. His last film in Bombay was Shikayat, which was released in 1948. In his second innings at Pakistan, he composed for as many as 80 films.  Rashid Aatre and Sahir Ludhianvi have combined in two Pakistani films – Solah Anne (1960) and Farangi (1964). In the absence of the authentic source for the songs, I have refrained from presenting any song here.

Chitragupt (a.k.a. Chitragupt Shrivastava -B: 16 November 1917 – D: 14 January 1991) has composed music for more than 150 films, in a career spanning from 1946 to 1988 (his one film was released posthumously in 1998) but does not seem to have received the credit duet to him. Chitragupt’s two films with Sahir Ludhianvi are Vaasana (1968) and Sansar (1971).

I have picked up two songs each from Vaasna and Sansar, each presenting different mood within the shade of romance.

Ye ParabatoN Ke Dayare, Ye Sham Ka DhuaaN, Aise Mein Kyon Na Chhed De Dilo Ki DastaaN – Vaasana ((1968) – Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar – Music – Chitragupt

jara si zulf khol do, fiza me itr ghol do
najar jo baat kah chuki woh baat munh se bol do
ki jhum uthe nigaah me bahaar ka sama

yeh chup bhi ek savaal hai, ajib dil kaa haal hai
has ik khayaal kho gaya, bas abb yahi khayaal hai
ki fasala na kuchh rahe hamaare darmiya

yeh rup rang yeh paban chamakte chaand sa badan
bura na mano tum agar toh chum lu kiran kiran
ki aaj hausalo me hai bala ki garmiya

Itni Nazuk Na Bano.. Had Ke Andar Ho Nazakat To Adaa Hoti Hai… Had Se Badh Jaye To Apni Sazaa Hoti Hai – Vaasana (1968) – Mohammad Rafi – Music: Chitragupt

jism kaa bojh uthaaye nahi uthta tumse
zindgaani kaa kada bojh sahogi kaise
tum jo halki si hawaao me lachak jaati ho
tez jhonko ke thapedo me rahogi kaise

koi rukta nahi thahre hue raahi ke liye
jo bhi dekhega voh katraake guzar jaayega
hum agar vaqt ke hamraah naa chalne paaye
vaqt ham dono ko thukraake guzar jaayegaa

Mile Jitni Sharab Main To Peeta HuN, Rakhhe Kaun Ye Hisaab Main To Peeta HuN – Sansar (1970) – Kishore Kumar – Music: Chitragupt

koi apna ager ho to toke mujhe
main galat kar raha huN to roke mujhe
kise dena hai jawab …..
main to pita huN

Raja Jani Raja Jani Na Maro Nayanawa Ke Teer Re – Sansar (1971) Krishan Kalle – Music: Chitragupt

abhi nadan hu mai najuk jan hu
mujhe aise na maro yuhi halkan hu
mujhe aise na maro aise na maro
tikhi tikhi nazroN se dekho na sawriya
…  …..   ….  …
sah na sakungi abhi kachi hai umariya kachi hai umariya
maro na katari do dhari uthe teer re raja jani dilbar jani

Kalyanji Anandji carved their path of success in the face of stiff competition from the array of top-line music directors. They have composed music for over 250 films. With Sahir Ludhianvi, they have two films – Nanha Farishta (1969) and Shankar Shambhu (1976).

O Re Sharabi Tujh Mein Ek Kharabi… Sikha Na Tune Kisi Se Pyar Karana… Tujhe Aa Main Pyar Sikha DuN – Nanha Farishta (1969) – Asha Bhosle – Music; Kalyanji Anandji

ho sake to samjhle raat kya kah rahi haiN
raat kya kah rahi hain
ye dhadkati khamoshi baat kya kah rahi haiN
kya kah rahi haiN
thoda sa ishaara ho to palbhar mein
abhi laakho rang luta duN
aa main pyar sikha duN

Bheege Hue JalwoN Par Aise Na Najhar Dalo, Dil Chahe Idhar Rakhkho Par Aankh Udhar Rakhkho.. – Shankar Shambhu (1976) – Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammad Rafi – Music: Kalyanji Anandji

in garam nigaho se jajbat bhadakte hai
ahsaas sulagta hai arman dhadkate hai
ruk jao ruk jao
ruk jao abhi dil par itna na asar dalo

soyi hui dhadkan ko khud tumne jagaya hai
sanso se pukara hai najro se bulaya hai
mat apni khatao ko
mat apni khatao ko ab aur ke sar dalo

kab hamne kaha tumse hum tum pe nahi marte
tum kuch bhi kaho tum par ilzam nahi dharte
beraham ho beraham ho
beraham ho katil ho ye katal bhi kar dalo

Sapan Chakravarty (a.k.a. Swapn Chakraborty), though known more as assistant to R D Burman, and two of the more known songs in his voice – Mere Saath Chale Na Saya (Kitab,1977) and Preetam Aan Milo (Angoor,1982) – has composed music for 5 Hindi and 15 Bengali films.

Jaaney Aaj Kya Hua Aisa Kabhi Hua Na Tha, Sanso Mein Ghule Nasha Jaisa Kabhi Ghula Na Tha, Tumhi Bolo Kya Karein Aisa Hoga Pata Na Tha – 36 Ghante (1974) – Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle – Music: Sapan Chakravarty

chhaya chhaya dur tak
rango ka gubbar hai
aisa toh na tha jahan
ho na ho yeh pyar hai
khawabo ka sama saja
jaisa kabhi saja na tha

Tum Bhi Chalo Hum Bhi Chale, Chalti Rahe Zindagi, Na ZamiN Manzil Na AasamaN, Zindagi Hai Zindagi – Zameer (1975) – Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle – Music Sapan Chakravarty

behte chale hum masti ke dhaaroM mein
gunje yahi dhun sada dil ke taaroN mein
ab ruke na kabhi pyar ka kaarwa
neet nayi rut ke rang mein dhalti rahe jindagi

Before we end our present episode, a detour to Sahir Ludhianvi- Khayyam’s two films – out 7 they did together – is in order. Phir Subah Hogi (1958) and Shagoon (1964) are the films belonging to the Golden era period of Hindi films whereas other five films belong to the post-golden era period.

Phir Na Kije Meri Gustakh Nigahi Ka Gila
Dekhiye Aapne Phir Pyar Se Dekha Mujhko

Main Kaha Tak Na NigahoN Ko Palatane Na Deti
Aapne Kai Baar Pukara Mujhko – Phir Subah Hogi (1958)- Mukesh, Asha Bhosle – Music: Khayyam

Is kadar pyar se dekho na hamari janib
dil agar aur machal jaye to mushkil hogi

tum jahaN meri taraf dekh ke ruk jaaoge
vohi manjil meri taqadir ki manjil hogi

ek yunhi si nazar dil ko jo chhu leti hai
kitne armaan jagati hai tumhe kya maalum

ruh bechain hai kadmo se lipatne ke liye
tumko har saans bulati hai tumhe kya maalum

har nazar aap ki jazbaat ko uksati hai
maiN agar hath pakad luN to khafa mat hona

meri duniya-e-mohabbat hai tumhare dam se
meri duniya-e-mohabbat se juda mat hona

Itane Qareeb Aake Kya Jaane Kis Liye
Kuchh Ajanabi Se Aap haI Kuchh Ajanabi Se Hum

Woh Ek Baat Thi Jo Faqat Aap Ke Liye
Woh Ek Baat Kah Na Sake Aap Hi Se Hum – Shagoon (1964) – Talat Mahmood, Mubarak Begum – Music Khayyam

aisi to koi qaid nahi dil ki baat par
apas ki baat hai to dare kyo kisi se ham

tum dur ho to maut bhi aaye na ham ko raas
tum paas to jaan bhi de de khushi se ham

maut ek vaham, aur haqikat hai zindagi
ik dusare ko maangege is zindagi se ham

Shagoon has two more romantic gems – ParabatoN Ke PedoN Par Sham Ka Basera Hai (Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar) and Tum Chali Jaogi ParchhaiyaN Rah Jayegi (Mohammad Rafi).

As we once again traversed across the whole career span  of Sahir Ludhianvi, it is observed that Sahir has been able to maintain the quality of lyrics across each different music directors, even during the last, post-Golden Era. One may presume the pressures changing tastes of the cine-going public. However at no time one can say that he got away with ‘filmy-style’ lyrics even for Sahir’ songs in’70s..

We end here our present episode of homage to Sahir Ludhianvi, through his romantic songs with the five (plus one) 2-film-association music directors.

Categories
I Liked Music from films

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: April 2020

Hasrat Jaipuri – Beyond Shankar Jaikishan: 1958

Hasrat Jaipuri (born Iqbal Hussain) – B: 15 April 1922 – D: 17 September 1999 – has penned around 2000+ songs for close to 350 films in a fairly long active career as lyricist for the Hindi Films. He has written several books of Hindi and Urdu poetry too. The critics may not put Hsrat Jaipuri in the same bracket as Sahir Ludhyanavi or Kaifi Azmi, many of Shailndra fans may disparage Hasrat Jaipuri’s lyrics, but the fact remains that his lyrics had very authentic simplicity that would win the hearts of Hindi Film songs fans of all hues.

Hasrat Jaipuri, and for that matter, Shailendra too, has partnered quite effectively with a wide range of music directors beyond Shankar Jaikishan. The underlying reasons might be economic – creating much needed extra stream of remunerative work- or creative – working with diverse range would keep their creative energies charged and wider-based-, we have no authentic versions. But these wider associations for both have yielded us a rich treasure of songs to listen to.

We have commenced the annual series of Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs under Other Than SJ  music directors in 2017. Till now, we have covered

The songs from 1950 to 1953 in 2017,

The songs from 1953 to 1955. In 2018, and

The songs from1956 -1957 in 2019

Presently, we have covered Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs by Other Music Directors for year 1958.

Since we have been moving on in the chronological order of years, we will see some music directors getting repeated in some episodes. In any given episode, wherever we find more than one film with a music director, we have grouped the films under that music director.

Music Director: Vasant Desai

We have seen in our earlier episodes that Vasant Desai and Hasrat Jaipuri have earlier collaborated in V Shantaram’s Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baje (1955). Presently, too, Hasrat Jaipuri is the sole lyricist for Do Phool (1958) with Vasant Desai.

Do Phool (1958)

Do Phool is the Hindi adaption of famous children novel Heidi (Authoress:  Johanna Spyri). It was produced by famous director A R Kardar.  Of the total 9 songs, Asha Bhosle and Lata Mangeshkar each have two solos and one chorus song, Asha & Lata have two duets and Aarti Mukherjee has one solo.  We have picked up two Asha – Lata duets and Aarti Mukherji.

Bachpan Ka Tora Mora Pyaar – Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle

This song is about two childhood friends, reaffirming their bond of friendship, and making promises never to forget each other. The on-screen picturization is on Baby Naaz and Master Romi.

Roothi Jaaye Re Guzariya – Lata Mageshkar, Asha Bhosle

Sulking – Appeasing virus have been bugging mankind right from childhood friendship days. Once it caught by the adults, it has given a full-fledged, rich, genre of Hindi films songs. Here the children friends have been afflicted by this virus and seem to manifest text-book symptoms in the present song, including the (child) heroine relenting by the end of the song. And the couple goes on live merrily thereafter.

Matak-Matak Naachu Re – Aarti Mukherjee

The song replicates the street play situation of the film. Aarti Mukherjee comes up with very childlike rendering of the song.

Music Director: Dattaram

In his second film as an independent director, Dattaram gets opportunity to work on a social drama. Unlike the earlier case, Ab Dilli Dootr Nahi (9157), which was an RK Production, Parvarish (1958) has Raj Kapoor in the main male lead only.

Parvarish (1958)

Hasrat Jaipuri has the sole charge of lyricisit here. One romantic duet – Masti Bhara Hai Sama and another a peppy dance number, Beliya… Bheegi Si Baharon Mein (both by Manna Dey, Lata Mangeshkar), one comedy male-male duet Maama-O-Maama (Mohammad Rafi, Manna Dey)  and a poignant Aansoo Bhari Hai Yeh Jeevan Ki Raahein (Mukesh) offered Dattaram – Hasrat Jaipuri as wide a latitude as a music director- lyricist team would ever ask for. And they, too, have come up trumps. These songs are remembered even today.

We have picked up relatively lesser known three heard, songs from the film.

Jhoome Re Jhoome Re – Asha Bhosle

In one of the rare roles, the famous, wily (on-screen) mother-in- law, Lalita Pawar plays a very caring mother for the two kids. She is so hard-wired in this vamp roles, that we need to scratch deep into our memories to recall her very sensitive portrayals in films like Anari or Anand. A lorie being filmed on her is another rare happening in type-cast mold-oriented Hindi film working.

Luti Zindagi Aur Gam Muskuraye – Lata Mageshkar

Here we have a formula share of female poignant song.

Jaane Kaisa Jaadu Kiya Re – Asha Bhosle, Sudha Malhotra

A mujra song adds to the variety to the two very different genre songs we heard earlier and to the songs in the film, in general. For the observer friends, who like identifying the screen performers, the knowledgeable bloggers have identified Meena Fernandez (in Asha Bhosle’s voice) and Sheila Vaz (that of Sudha Malhotra) as on-screen performers.

Music Director: Kalyanji Veerji Shah

Kalyanji Shah has not yet teamed up with Anandji, his brother and a long-time career companion in the successful film music career.

Samrat Chandragupta (1958)

Bharat Vyas has five and Indeevar has one song to their share in this film. Hasrat Jaipuri has penned two of the total eight songs in this film, of which Yeh Sama Hai Mera Dil Javaan (Manna Dey, Lata) is well-known. So we have picked up the relatively less heard Lata Mangeshkar solo. Again for the sake records, there also was a same-named film in 1945, for which music was composed by C Ramchandra

Ae Dilbar Aaja Aaja, Haath Se Mere Lele Jam – Lata Mangeshkar, chorus

Since the version we have an audio version, and I have not seen the film, I would not be in position to correctly place the appropriateness of use of a mid-east influenced tune and words like ‘jam’ in the song that would a court dance in the period of Samrat Chandragupta.

Music Director: P Ramesh Naidu

P. Ramesh Naidu seems to be a very obscure name as far as Hindi films are concerned.  But he is not that unknown to us, since we have covered an earlier of his film, Hamlet (1954) , in the earlier episodes of this series. He has directed music for films in ten languages (in comparison with nine by Salil Chowdhury).  He has been awarded national award for his music in Megh Sandesham. It appears that he would get an automatic membership to the one/two film music director club’.  However, it must be appreciated that established lyricists like Hasrat Jaipuri are seen to collaborate with such music directors and give their as good as with any established music director quality of lyrics.

Piya Milan (1958)

Film “Piya Milan” was originally a Tamil film MARMAVEERA-56  The film had nine songs, of which 3 songs have been written  by Harsh and the rest six by Hasrat Jaipuri. Most of the songs remain unknown ones. So, we have picked up songs that have Usha Mangeshkar as a singer to add variety to the songs in this present episode.

In the present case, too there was a similar-named film in 1945, for which Feroz Nizami had composed the music.

Ho Ji Tum Pyar Hamein – Usha Mangeshkar

Prima faci,e this is a dance performance that basically is meant for the entertainment of a rich client

Tilla Langdi Koyale  – OM Verma, Usha Mangeshkar

A street dance act played inside the drawing room for the entertainment of the rich family, so it seems from the stand alone view of the video.

O Saathi Re Tu Aa Bhi Ja  – Lata Mangeshkar, Usha Mangeshkar, Jagmohan Bakshi, chorus)

We only have an audio version. Having heard Jagmohan Baxi so effectively in Dekho Mane Nahi Roothi Hasina (Taxi Driver, 1954- with Asha Bhosle – Music: S D Burman- Lyrics – Sahir), one would expect to have to get a closer look at Jagmohan Baxi’s voice, because he is not regular singer. But here his use does not give us that strong opportunity.

Music Director: OP Nayyar

OP Nayyar has also appeared earlier on this series for the film Johnny Walker(1957). Presently too OPN and Hasrat Jaipuri have been teamed for Mr. Qartoon MA. OPN and Hasrat Jaipuri teaming up for two songs in Howrah Bridge too this year, Whether it is a coincidence or choice (governed by the success of Johnny Walker, the film  songs), we have not verifiable source to know. Nor does it matter, we have good songs to listen to and enjoy.,

Howrah Bridge (1958)

The film has eight songs of which six have been penned by Qamar Jalalabadi.  We have covered Main Jaan Gayi Tujhe Saiyaan (Mohammad Rafi, Shamshad Begum) earlier, in other context,in our other posts on this blog, so, I have selected  an Asha Bhosle solo.

Yeh Kya Kar Dala Tune – Asha Bhosle

The song is all the way an O P Nayyar song, A hoofing – tonga- rhythm, switching over to Dhalak as base instrument for a while in Antara, clever use of whistling,  sweet use of violin, sarangi – are all the signature stamps of OPN.

Kabhi Andhera Kabhi Ujala (1958)

The film had Kishore Kumar and Nutan as the lead actors.

Ajab Hamari Hai Zindagani  – Asha Bhosle

This is song that has title of the film in the mukda.

Zara Sone De Balam – Asha Bhosle

The song is composed to a signature dholak rhythm of O P Nayyar. We find a major variation in terms of huge violin ensemble at the beginning of the interlude orchestration piece.

MR Qartoon MA (1958)

This is cent per cent Hasrat Jaipuri – OPN film, with Johnny Walker as the main lead. The film had three Asha Bhosle solo and one Geeta Dutt- Asha Bhosle duet., but we have deliberately chose the songs that have presence of Mohamad Rafi, in line with our tradition to end our episodes with Mohammad Rafi songs.

Mai Mai Mai Qartoon  – Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle, Shamshad Begum

This is also a song wherein mukhda lyrics have weaved in film title. O P Nayyar switches between western and Indian style bass rhythms in the interlude stanzas. The song appears to be filmed as a fantasy stage show.

Mera Dil Ghabraye Meri Aankh Sharmaye – Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle

The duet is set to a picnic spot situation. Johnny Walker has put on a deceptive disguise of painting-brush-like thick moustache, but his style of singing remains his by known well-known theatrics.

Tune Maar Ke Pyar Ki Bomb Mere Dil Ko Kar Diya Mom – Mohammad Rafi, chorus

Hasrat Jaipuri has used his own signature style of beginning a song with a couplet (‘sakhi), and then has gone onto build a simple end-rhyming lyric that match the situation of the song. Johnny Walker and his gang have masqueraded as signing ascetics and seem to be on a heart-winning mission.. We can see Mehmood too as his junior, principal, aid.

Music Director : B(aldev) N(ath) Bali

B N Bali is one of those music directors who got confine to B and C grade films. He is credited with composing music for 24 films

Pehla Pehla Pyar (1958)

The film had 3 songs written by Madan Mohan (I trust this not Madan Mohan the music director), one by Anand Bakshi and four by Hasrat Jaipuri. The digital link of the three Hasrat Jaipuri songs are still not available on net.

Roke Se QayamatRruk Jaye Par Rokna Dil Ka Mushqil Hai
Kuchh Bhi Na Sujhai Deta Hai Jis Waqt Mohabbat Hoti Hai

Jab Unka Khayal Aa Jata Hai – Mohammad Rafi

Here too the song begins with a classic Hasrat Jaipuri style couplet.

The composition is considered to have a too close resemblance with a copy of Rafi’s “Jin Raaton Mein Neend Ud Jaati Hai” (‘Raat Ki Rani’, 1949) by Hansraj Behl.

As we end the present episode, it would be interesting to note that Hasrat Jaipuri seems to take up assignments with other music directors when he seems to have less-to-nothing share of songs with Shnkar Jaikishan. 1958 had only tow SJ films – Yahudi and Baghi Sipahi, in which Hasrat Jaipuri has only one and three songs respectively.

Either way we have nothing to lose….. and await eagerly for the next stop of our journey…..

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

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Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs : August 2019

Shailendra with Hemant Kumar, Ravi and Kalyanji (Anandji)

Shailendra (a.k.a. Shankardas Kesarilal) – B: 30-8-1923 / D: 14-12-1966 – was as much a poet as he was a lyricist. His film songs were easy to sing, easier to understand and even easier to make sense. Most of us remember Shailendra as Shalendra-Hasrat twin and an important angle of Shankar-Jaikishan – Shailndra- Hasrat quadrilateral, Shailendra has very actively paired with several other music directors. Quantitatively, bulk of his 800 songs are composed by Shankar Jaikishan, followed by a fairly large numbers of songs composed by S D Burman and Salil Chaudhary. However, Shailendra’s work with ‘other music directors’ does form a very important ingredient of the whole. For example:

Sabhi Kuchh Lutakar Hue Hum Tumhare is the sole Hindi song in the Bengali film, Indrani (1958, Music: Nachiketa Ghosh)

We have undertaken a series on Shailendra’s songs with other music directors in our episode every August, from 2017. We commenced with ‘Shailendra and “Other” Music Directors’, as an overview and then took up Shailendra and Roshan, the fourth highest combination in terms of number of songs.

Today we will listen to the reprehensive songs from the basket of soulful Shailendra with melodious Hemant Kumar. We have also combined Shailendra’s songs composed by Ravi and the his one-only song with Kalyanji Anandji. We have stitched the warp of Shailendra’s songs by these three music directors with a common weft of one Song Man Dole Mera Tan Dole (Nagin, 1954), which was composed by Hemant Kumar, set to music by Ravi, as assistant of Hemant Kumar, for which the been (pungi) was played by Kalyanji (Anandji) Virji Shah on clavioline.[1]

Shailendra with Hemant Kumar

Hemant Kumar (a.k.a. Hemant Kumar Mukherjee) – B: 20-6-1920 – D: 26-9-1989 – commenced his career in Hindi Films, as a singer first, with Irada (1944) song Aaram Se Jo Raaten Kaate, (Lyrics: Aziz Kashmiri), under the baton of Pt. Amarnath and as a music director in Filmistan’s Anand Math (1952).

As sweet as any coincidence can be, Shailendra penned the majority of the songs for this film. Shailendra and Hemant Kumar teamed up for two more films (Chand and Hum Bhi Insaan Hai, both 1959) and one song for Masoom (1960) in the roles of lyricist and music director respectively.

Aside:

Shailendra also combines with Hemant Kumar as a playback singer –  Shankar Jaikishan’s compositions Yaad Kiya Dil Ne Kahan Ho Tum (Patita, 1953) and Rula Kar Chal Diye HasiN Ban Ke Jo Aaye  (Badshah, 1954), in addition to the songs discussed separately in the present post.

Naino Mein Saawan, Man Mere Phagun, Palchhin Jale Aur Jalaye Yaad Aye Bachpan, Yaad Aaye Re – Anand Math (1952) – Geeta Dutt

Geeta Bali reminisces the memory of her journey from her parent’s home to the present times in the Math.  The pathos of the lyrics are so well captured in Geeta Dutt’s soft tone. The composition of the song also reflects the different moods of the song at different stages.

Kaise Rokoge Aise Toofan Ko – Anand Math (1952) – Talat Mahmood, Geeta Dutt

On one hand, Geeta Bali successfully attempts to divert attention of the British soldier by carefully modulated initial recital of first set of lyrics, while also challenging her love, Pradipkumar, with the carefree rendition of her part of the song. However, palpable tension, on both counts, is evident in Pradeep Kumar’s response. Geeta Dutt and Talat Mahmmod have captured the mood the song in totality.

Aside:

Pradeep Kumar made a dbut with Anand Math.

Kabhi Aaj Kabhi Kal Kabhi Parso – Chand 1959– Lata Mangeshkar,Suman Kalyanpur

We have here a one of the few rare Lata- Suman duets. Hemant Kumar dexterously presents a fast-paced dance song.

Hai Re Kismat Ka Andher Hai Re Banate Der Lage Na Bigadate – Hum Bhi Insaan Hai (1959) – Hemant Kumar

The opening notes of flute is picked up by Hemant Kumar to express the despair of dark phase of the life.

Oonch Neech Ke Bhed Bhula Ke Gale Milo Saare Insaan – Hum Bhi Insaan Hai (1959) – Hemant Kumar

A bhajan composition that has appropriately Shailendra has used to weave in the socialistic thinking.

Phulva Band Mahake Dekho Laheke Daali Daali – Hum Bhi Insaan Hai (1959) – Geeta Dutt, Suman Kalyanpur

Hemant Kumar resurrects pure melody from Shailendra’s wonderful description of the nature, from the eyes of two young friends. Geeta Dutt and Suman Kalyanpur fully blend each other’s individual style into the melody of the duet.

Pyaar Jatake Lalchaaye Mora – Hum Bhi Insaan Hai (1959) – Shamshad Begum

Without any benefit of the video, one is left in no doubt about the gay mood the singer – on and off the screen.

Nani Teri Morni Ko Mor Le Gaye – Masoom  (1960) – Ranu Mukherjee

Shailendra comes up with gem of child song by using the first line of folk song. Hemant Kumar  also has done an out-of-box trick by using the voice of Ranu Mukherjee, who is his the then very young, daughter.

Shailendra With Ravi

In 1952, Ravi (a.k.a. Ravi Shankar Sharma) – B: 3 March 1926 – D: 7 March 2012 – was discovered by Hemant Kumar who hired him to sing backing vocals in Vande Mataram from the film Anand Math. Ravi assisted Hemant Kumar till Nagin 1954, before he ventured on to his own.

Shailendra and Ravi had four films together, all of them being pre-Chaudhvi Ka Chand (1960). Ravi then went onto work more with Shakeel Badayuni or Sahir Ludhyanavi or Rajendra Krishna, depending upon the film’s production house’s own preference.

Shailendra penned two songs in their first ever joint venture, Dilli Ka Thug (1958) – Chal Ri Ameeren Bhai Chal Re Fakire, A Kishore Kuamr solo and  Ye Raatein Yeh Mausam Nadi Ka Kinara, a Kishore – Asha duet we have covered in our overview article.

They then paired for 3 more films.

Ye Kaisi Rut Aayi – Devar Bhabhi (1958) – Asha Bhosle

As compared to a very distinctive style of O P Nayyar, Ravi lent the essential variety to Asha Bhosle’s style of singing, thereby enabling her to establish her position in the playback singing As compared to field.

Kal Ke Chand Aaj Ke Sapne – Nai Rahen (1959) – Hemant Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar

Ravi has so aptly chosen Hemant Kumar for a male playback voice for a song which so evocatively passionate, for expressing the emotions with a restraint when the the couple share each other’s views outside the public glare.

Kal Ke Chand Aaj Ke Sapne  – Nai Rahen  (1959) – Lata Mangeshkar

A classic twin version which recollects those happy moments when the circumstances have taken an unhappy turn.

Tose Laage Naina  Saiyaan Ho To Se Lage Naiana – Nai Rahen (1959) – Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle

Romantic songs cast in semi-classical mode is also very oft-used genre in Hindi films. Ravi uses his simplicity wand to present the song.

Kaun Jaane Re Baba  Duniya Mein Preet Parayi – Jawani Ki Hawa (1959) – Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle, Geeta Dutt

Ravi deftly does justice to the street-performance genre song here. Getta Dutt, very sparingly ever used by Ravi, sings for the younger of the girl members of the performance troupe.

Shailendra with Kalyanji (Anandji)

In a very rare occurrence, a lyricist writes songs for a senior music director as well as for two of his erstwhile juniors, in two different cases. Shailendra has done this in this case of Hemant Kumar, Ravi and Kalyanji(Anandji) as well as in case of S D Burman, Jaidev and R D burman. Shailendra himself has penned songs for two such pairs, more than once – Shankar Jaikishan and Dattaram, S N Tripathi and Chitragupt.

Ja Ja Na Chhed Maan Bhi Ja – Satta Bazar (1959) – Mohammad Rafi, Suman Kalyanpur

Shailendra, incidentally, has penned, only one song in this film.

As it happens, the last few songs in the post have Mohammad Rafi as the singer. So we will take up one more song, this time composed by Hemant Kumar, to traditionally our posts with Mohamad Rafi song

Pyaari Bole Bulbul Padosan Bole Kauwa – Hum Bhi Insaan Hai (1959) – i

An absolutely carefree mood song. You don’t get many such song from Hemant Kumar’s stable.

We will continue our quest of Shailendra with other music director in this series in our next episode, next year.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.


[1]  A tickling trivia on the making of Man Dole, Mera Tan Dole –

There has been a lot of discussion on who created that piece. The cover of the record released by HMV gives credit to Ravi and Kalyanji, who were part of Hemant Kumar’s the then team. Shyamanuja provides some essential, and one very interesting, inputs in his article   Who created the classic been music in Man Dole, Mera Tan Dole?.

It was in the year 1954 that Kalyanjibhai’s son Dinesh Shah was born, who has shared Nagin 1954 – Been Music on Clavioline played by Kalyanji Virji Shah for its nostalgic and documentary value.

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Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: July, 2019

Mohammad Rafi’s First Solo Song With The Music Director: 1959 -1960

To commemorate Mohammad Rafi’s anniversaries, [Born: 24 December, 1924// Death: 31 July, 1980] we commenced a series of articles on Mohammad Rafi that essentially tried to bring the solo song of Mohammad Rafi from the first film with the music director.  Beginning 2016, we have taken up one five-year slot every year, in the chronological order, starting from 1944, the year in which Mohammad Rafi sang his maiden solo song in Hindi Films. Till now we have covered 1st Five-Year Period: (1944 -1948) , 2nd Five-Year Period: 1949-1953 and 3rd Five-Year period of 1954 – 1958.

Our purpose is to revisit Mohammad Rafi’s solo songs across the start point of his career till the end. We have been able to cover Mohammad Rafi’s association with around 90 music directors in these first three periods. Presently, we take up the first two years of 4th Five-Year Period 1959-1963. While looking for the first solo song with music director for each of the five years of this Five-Year Period, I have also listed some of the very popular or not-so-popular but quite remarkable songs for the music directors who have already appeared in the past three Five-Year Periods. Most of these songs we remember so well that just three words of the first line of the song is enough for us to create the whole song in our minds. There are some which you love to listen again and re-enjoy the beauty of the song, as I did.

With every passing year, the list of the solo songs with the music directors who already have appeared in the previous periods is swelling up. So even at the cost of digressing from the titled-course of the post, we will take the tour of the very-well known and not-so-known but very-good-to-listen-again songs. The sequence is – name of music director, the film and (the song). I have included here only those films which had one or more songs to take note of, to my liking, of course.

I have followed the name of the films in the alphabetical order while listing the songs in this post.

1959

Noteworthy songs for the year were –

Chitragupta – Barkha (Sur Badle Badle Kaise ) / N Dutta – Dhool Ka Phool (Tu Hindu Banega) / Shankar Jaikishan – Chhoti Bahen (Main Rickshawwala), Love Marriage (Kahan Jaa Rahe The), Shararat (Ajab Hai Dastan) / Vasant Desai – Goonj Uthi Shenai (Kahe Do Koi Na Kare) / S D Burman – Insaan Jaag Utha (Dekho Re Dekho Ajuba), Kagaz Ke Phool (Dekhi Zamane Ki Yaari) / Hans Raj Behl – Sawan (Dekho Bina Sawan),

1959 has (technically) seven (but effectively six) music directors who had the maiden solo song for Mohammad Rafi.  Of these six music directors, two music directors did achieve commercial acknowledgement from the industry.

Kalyanji Virji Shah commenced his career as independent music director in 1958 with ‘Samrat Chandra Gupt’. The film had three Rafi/ Lata duets, but the solo song(s) with Mohammad Rafi came up only in 1959, for two films – Bedard Zamana Kaya Jaane and Ghar Ghar Ki Baat.

Bedard Zamana Kya Jaane – Bedard Zamana Kya Jaane – Lyrics: Bharat Vyas

Mohammad Rafi gets to sing the background song, which is a title song as well.

Uparwale Ne Jaldi Mein Likh Di Meri Taqdeer – Ghar Ghar Ki Baat – Lyrics: Gulshan Bawra

This is a song in a totally different mood.

Kalyanji – Anandji

After having worked solo in some more films like P B No. 999, Chandra Sena etc. Kalyanji Virji Shah teamed up with his younger brother Anandji. The brother duo gradually created their own style of compositions and went on to record many successes, including some of the iconic songs.

Suno Bhai Aankade Ka Dhandha Ek Din Teji  – Satta Bazar – Lyrics: Gulshan Bawra

This is classic Jhonny Walker song.

Usha Khanna

Usha Khanna is another debutant for the year 1959 who scaled peaks in her first foray. She did have a very long active career, which may not fall within the textbook definition of ‘success’ in the Hindi film industry, but she was certainly successful in creating her own space, in an otherwise male dominated domain.

The debut film is Dil Deke Dekho, for which she lined up a slew of Moahhamd Rafi songs, filmed  on Shammi Kapoor. The title song Dil Deke Dekho and other quite popular Bolo Bolo Kuchh To Bolo, Hum Aur Tum Ye Sama and a back-to-back pair of songs Megha Re Bole Chhanan Chhanan- Bade Hai Dil Ke Kale

Rahi Mil Gaye Raho Mein – Dil Deke Dekho – Lyrics: Majrooh Sultanpuri

Usha Khanna very deftly handles an OPNayyar-styled lilting tune, customized to the theatrics of Shammi Kapoor. Usha Khanna’s musical insight can be seen very well in the prelude of the song, wherein Rafi’s alaap is blended with whistling.

Gajanan Karnad

From very sketchy information that I could collect, Gajanan Karnad was an ace violinist and is known as the most-used support violinist fir Hindi film songs recordings. A more strenuous Google search provides a few links to his violin recordings.

Ye Sach Hai Ae Jahanwalo Hamein Jeena Nahi Aaya – Kal Hamara Hai –– Shailendra

There is one more Asha Bhosle mujhra recorded composed by Gajanan Karnad – Irada Katl Ka Hai (Aise Na Dekho Rasiya) – which has several, very distinct accompaniment of tabla

The present song would be a major find for Hind film song fans, in general, and those of Mohammad Rafi, in particular.

The other songs of the film have been composed by Chitragupt.

Bipin Dutta (Datt ?)

Bipin Dutta, and Babul, who have also been assistants to Madan Mohan, have independently paired too, to give some outstanding songs. Bipin Dutta seems to have forayed individually too. Other films to his individual credit are – Diamond King (1961) and Baaghi Shahazada (1964).

Ye Bambai Shahar Ka Bada Naam Hai – Kya Ye Bambai Hai – Lyrics:  Noor Devasi

A Johnny Walker styled song that is filmed on Maruti, who, along with Nishi plays the lead role in the film.

This mundane trivia has, very rightly, any importance today Joy is to relish the half-a-century back Mumbai and the lyrics that highlight Mumbai USPs!

Nirmal Kumar

Hardly any information is available about this music director or the fllm – Lal Nishan.

Teri Nazar Ki Chhabi Ne Khola Dil Ka Tala – Lal Nishan – Lyrics: Anand Baxi

The song has shades of Naam Bade Darshan Khote, in the basic tune and interlude orchestration..

Prem

Here is one more totally obscure name!

Duniya Chala Chali Ka…Do Din Ki Zindagi Hai Is Par Na Phool Pyare – Zimbo Ki Beti –Lyrics: Preetam Dahelvi

Hindi film industry had some very typical fad for certain names – Sindabad, Zimbo etc. are a few such names which were used to make films like ‘Son of ..’ Duaghter of .. ‘ ‘..In town etc.

Mohammad Rafi sings a text-book background song in right earnest.

1960

Some well-known and some still-good-to-listen solo songs of Mohammad Rafi for the year 1960 –

S D Burman – Bombai Ka Babu (Saathi Na Koi Manzil), Kala Bazar (Uparwala Jaan Ke, Khoya Khoya Chand) / Roshan – Babar (Tum Ek Baar Muhabbat Ka), Barsaat Ki Raat (Maine Shayad Pahele Tumhe, Jindagi Bhar Nahi, Mayoos To Hoon) / Ravi – Chaudhvin Ka Chand (Chaudhvin Ka Chand), Ghunghat (Haaye Re Insaan Ki) / Kalyanji Anandji – Chhalia (Gali Gali Sita Roye) / Shankar Jaikishan – Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai (Jaane Kahan Gayi), Ek Phool Char Kante (Tirchhi Nazar Se Na Dekh) / Usha Khanna – Ham Hindustani (Ham Jab Chale To) / Naushad – Kohinoor (Madhuban Mein Radhika), Mughal-e-Azam (Zindabad..Ae Mohabbat Zindabad) / S N Tripathi – Lal Quilla (Lagata Nahi Dil Mera, Na Kisi Ki Ankha Ka) / Chitragupt – Patang (Ye Duniya Patang),

1960 seems to yield only three music directors that fit our basic selection criteria of composing the solo song for Mohammad Rafi for the first time. G S Kohli is a noteworthy name in these three music directors.

G S (Gurusharan Singh) Kohli

A very able tabla-player and music arranger, G S Kohli worked as assistant to O P Nayyar for almost his whole career, even when he had started composing music for films independently. He belongs that class of assistants who could not evolve their own distinctive styles. These music directors could shine for a few songs but could never make their own permanent space, even in the 2nd or 3rd rows.

Pyar Ki Rah Dikha Duniya Ko Roke Jo Nafrat Ki Andhi – Lambe Haath – Lyrics: Anjaan

The song shows all the talent that GS Kohli possessed as music composer. The film has a couple of more Rafi, light-mood, solo songs – Are Bus Mein Nazar Takraai and Sone Jaise Pyar Ko Samaj Liya Tambaa, that would vouch for his versatility as well.

Ramlal Heera Panna

In all probabilities, he is same famous flute and shehnai plyer who once worked with Ram Ganguly in Prthivi thaters. As destiny of Hindi films’ ways are, he kept struggling with C grade mythological films.

Aaj Yahan Kyun Andhkaar..Tera Mera Amar Pyar Hai – Maya Machhindar – Lyrics: Pt. Madhur

Mohammad Rafi gets his usual background song.

T G (Thiruchirappalli Govindarajulu) Ligappa

T G Ligappa was a noted music director who scored music for Tamil, Kannada and Telugu films.

Chhod Chale.. Ram Ayodhya Chhod Chale – Ramayan –Lyrics: Saraswati Kumar ‘Deepak’

This film appears to be the remake of Tamil film. Mohammad Rafi gets to once more sing a background song.

Before we end today’s episode, I am not able to resist temptation to present a recitation song from Barsat Ki Raat (1960).

Kya Gham Jo Andheri Hai Raatein, Kuchh Shamm-e-Tamanna Sath To Hai

I am sure you will be able to feel the shadow of other famous song by Roshan / Sahir combination!

We will continue with the first solo song of Mohammad Rafi for music director(s) for the other three years – 1961, 1962 and 1963 – of the 4th Five-Year Period of 1959 to 1963 in our December 2019 episode.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Categories
Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: August, 2017

Shailendra and “Other” Music Directors

Shankardas Kesarilal , born on 30 August 1923, popularly known to all of us Shailendra ,passed away by living a Chhoti Si Yeh Zindagani, like a comet that lit the sky while it lasted, at (just) the age of 43 on 14 December 1966.

Most of the songs that Shailendra wrote under the batons of Shanker Jaikishan or Salil Chaudhary or S D Burman have already been immortal. In a career[i], spanning around 800 released songs for Hindi films, Shailendra had had opportunity to work with several ‘other’ (than these three) music directors as well. Most of these songs also have been equally live in our memory today.

We will dedicate our August, 2017 episode to Shailendra’s songs with the ‘other’ directors. For this episode, special care has been exercised to cover to select chronologically first film with that music director while casting the net wide enough to cover as broad spectrum of singers as is possible. Also, I have intentionally chosen songs that I have either not heard or those that need a refresher push.

The first set of these songs, coincidentally, have Geeta Dutt as (one of) the singer.Geeta Dutt had hardly any occasion to sing Shanker Jiakishan songs. By the time Shailendra teamed up with S D Burman, S D Burman had switched over to Lata Maageshkar. So is the case with Salil Chudhary’s songs too. Therefore, this has turned out to be good incidence where we can hear Shailendra’s songs in Geeta Dutt’s voice.

Kaise Rokoge Aise Toofan Ko – Anand Math(1952) – Talat Mahmood,Geeta Dutt – Hemant Kumar

The song apparently is meant to divert the chasing British police, but has an apparent message for the inadvertent hurricane the freedom fight is likely unleash. Geeta Bali sings with gay abandon that may also mean the upsurge from the young hearts.

Ghir Aayi Hey Ghor Ghata, Apni Majbooriyon Se Lipat Ke Pyar Rone Laga – Badnaam (1952) – Geeta Dutt – Basant Prakash

The song is an ideal fit with our image of silken smoothness of Geeta Dutt’s voice.

Teri Chahat Mein Balam, Teri Chahat Mein Sanam Meet Gaye Ham Teri Kasam – Shrimatiji 1952 – Geeta Dutt – Jimmy

This is a dance song that seeks to hoodwink the listeners so as to cover the acts of the partner in the deed. So the lyricist has to not only pack in a meaningful, mind-catching message for the lay listeners and but also has to convey an intended message to the target partner.

Yeh Rut Yeh Raat Jawaan – Sailaab (1956) – Geeta Dutt –Mukul Roy

The film had 4 songs penned Majarooh Sultanpuri, 1 by Madhukar Rajashathani and 2 by Hasrat Jaipuri . All songs are in Geet Dutt’s voice, except one which had Laxmi Roy.

We now move on to songs that have other playback singers.

Mere Dil Ki Dhadkhan Kya Bole – Anhonee (1952) – Talat Mahmod, Lata Mangeshkar – Roshan

After SJ, SDB and Salil Chaudhary, Shailendra has written most number of songs for Roshan in films like Nau Bahar , Sanskaar (both in 1952), Aagosh and Mashuqua in 1953, Chandani Chowk (1954), one song each in Cofee House (1957 and Aji Bas Shukriya (1958), Deep Jalte Rahe, Heera Moti and Madhu in 1959, and Soorat Aur Seerat in 1962.

Desh Ki Dharti NeLalkara Gunja Aazadi Ka Naara – Chhatrapati Shivaji (1952):- Chitalker, chorus – C.Ramchandra

This song adds genre of patriotic songs in the Shailendra’s arsenal.

The other film where Shailendra teamed up with C Ramchandra is Anrakali (1953), which has such immortal songs as Aaja Ab To Aaja Mer Kismat Ke  Kharidar and Dua Kar Gham E Dil Khuda Se Dua Kar.

Dil Ki Lagi Khel Nahin – Bhai Saheb (1954):- C H Atma, Kaumudi Munshi – Ninu Majumdar

Each is piece of the song – singers, music directors – except Shailendra is quite rare.

Badi Mushkil Hai (Lata Mangeshkar) /\ Jiyunga Jab Talak (Talat Mahmood) – Chingari(1955) – Manohar

Down the career, Shailendra has given several meaningful twin songs. Here is the one early one.

Sapnon Ki Duniya Mein Naye Rang Laya O Man Bhaya Sawan Aaya – Pipili Saheb (1954) – Usha Mangeshkar, Meena Mangeshkar, Shaminder – Sardul Kwatra

Here is the song that has the basic flavor of a very rustic setting that is presented with in its natural simplest form.

Mehfil Mein Kaisi Chaam Chaam – Dilli Darbaar (1956) – Lata Mangeshkar – S N Tripathi

Shailendra has teamed up with S N Tripathi for more than one film – like mythological Ram Hanuman Yudh (1957) or Shiv Parvati (1962) to a period film Sangeet Samtrat Tansen (1962) to a social film Kunwari (1966).

Chal Ri Ameeren Bhai Chal Re Fakire – Dilli Ka Thug (1958):- Kishore, chorus – Ravi

This is one more example of Shailendra’s comfort in dealing with unusual situations. Here is the song that is a traditional dance song attributed to street-performances of a monkey trainer with his pet monkey. Compare this song with another song of the film, a Kishore- Asha duet – Ye Raatein Yeh Mausam Nadi Ka Kinara.

Chhupa Chhupi O Chhupi Agad bBagad Jai Re, Chuhe Mama O Mama Bhag Billi Ai Re – Savera (1958) – Manna Dey, Lata Mangeshkar – Shailesh  Mukherjee

The lead protagonists become young children in the company of the children and so does Shailendra.

Ho Choonva Moonva…. Deke Daam Lele Maati Ka Khilauna Kaisa Khel Khele Ye Maati Kholauna – Naya Kadam (1958) – Shailesh Mukherjee – Shivram–Narayan

Shailendra deftly uses a traditional street performance to deliver a strong philosophical message. I am not sure that singer of the song, Shailesh Mukherjee, is the same person as music director Shailesh Mukherjee.

Nani Teri Morni Ko Mor Le Gaye, Baaki Jo Bacha Tha Kaale Chor Le Gaye–  Masoom (1960) – Ranu Mukherjee – Robin Banerjee

The film had 5 more songs – 4 by Raja Mahendi Ali Khan and one by Sahir Ludhyanvi. So, obviously Shailendra has been allotted this situation wherein the child artistes perform the song on the screen. The song had been quite popular.

Hai Re Woh Din Kyon Na Aaye, Ja Ja Ke Ritu Laut Aaye Re – Anuradha (1960) – Lata Mangeshkar – Pt Ravi Shankar

In an otherwise an experimental social film, the songs filmed on the heroine, Anuradha (lela Naidu) help strongly develop the characterization of the role. Here is a song that is coposed on a fairly difficult Carnataki Classical Raag – Jansammohini, also known as Shiv Kalyan or Madh Kalyan.

Asides:

The piece that is considered to have inspired the song is  Ganpat Vighanharan  :

शुक्लाम्बरधरं  विष्णुं  शशिवर्णं चतुर्भुजं । 
प्रसन्नवदनं  ध्यायेत्   सर्वविघ्नोपशान्तयेत्  ।
अभीप्सितार्थसिध्यर्थम्  पूजितो  यस्सुरासुरैः  । सर्वविघ्नहरस्तस्मै  गणाधिपतये  नमः ।।

गणपत  विघ्न  गण  गजानन ।  विराजती  चन्द्रमा  भाल ।  गणपत  विघ्न  गण  गजानन  ।।

by  Ashwini Bhide

Pandit Ravi Shankar also later on used this raag for the hymn of Asiad Games 1982 – Swaagatam

Here are two representative classical pieces of Raag  Janasammohini:

Pt. Mani Prasad of the Kirana Gharana:

Ustad Aamir Khan Saheb :

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k-jWtjlZNiw

Jhoomte Sharabhi Zara Hosh Mein Aa– Kaanch Ki Gudiya (1961) – Asha Bhosle – Suhrid Kar

KaanchKi Gudiya invaribaly would conjure a Mukesh and Asha Bhosle duet – Saath Ho Tum Raat Jawan. However, the song that we have selected presents a very different Asha Bhosle to us.

Paisa Nahin Hota Jo Kuchch Nahin Hota – Sautela Bhai (1962) – Anil Biswas, Manna Dey – Anil Biswas
In an otherwise a very serious social subject, Anil Biswas teams with Shailendra to come up with a satirical song.

Their next association is 1965’s Chhoti Chhoti Batein.

Daaton Ka Zamana Pyare Dant Bachana – Begana (1963) – Mahendra Kapoor – Sapan Jagmohan

The obvious reason for picking this song for the present episode is it has Mahendra Kapoor. In the process, we also get the benefit of listening to a very light-hearted song from Shailendra.

Chand Tale Jhoom Jhoom Thirak Rahi Hain Ghoongherwaliyan, Mastiyon Ki Aaj Dhun Baja Rahi Hai Taaliyaan – Jab Se Tumhe Dekha Hai (1963):- Subir Sen, Suman Kalyanpur – Dattaram

As we know well, Dattaram was one of the very important links on the Shankar Jaikishan team. The song has very prominent us of what was popularly known as Dattu Theka – a typical stroke that Dattaram would invariably conjure up in his the accompanying base instrumentation.

Rahi Tu Ruk Mat Jaana Toofan Se Mat Ghabharana, Kahin To Milegi Teri Manzil Kahi Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Mein – Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Mein (1964):- Hemant Kumar (in three parts) – Kishore Kumar

One the most respected song- be it from the singer’s perspective or music director’s perspective, from the perspective of a song that includes the film title or from the perspective of the delivery of song writer’s message

I have lined up songs that have Mohammad Rafi in the end of the episode. Incidentally each one represents a very different point of a spectrum of Shailendra’s vast repertoire

Ja Ja Na Ched Maan Bhi Ja – Satta Bazar(1959) – Mohammad Rafi, Suman Kalyanpur  – Kalyanji-Anandji

This is the only song that Shailendra has penned for the film. Hasrat Jaipuri and Indeevar had two songs each, whereas Gulshan Bawra had 3 songs. This also gives us one more of a Johnny Walker song to accompany one of the most illustrious one – Jangal Mein Mor Nacha Kisi Ne Na Dekha

Gham Ki Badli Mein Chamakta Ek Sitara Hai Aaj Apan Ho Na Ho Kal Hamara Hai – Kal Hamara Hai (1959):- Mohammad Rafi, Sudha Malhotra – Chitragupt

As the name of the films suggests, the film essentially would be based on the Patriotism theme. Therefore, it is not quite surprising to see Shailendra being easily able to handle the songs that befit the theme.

Aam Chhum Taam Chhum Haar Ho Ki Jeet Ho Khel Mein Rahe Magana – Chhote Nawab (1961) Mohammad Rafi – R D Burman

Here is the song that depicts the mental state of a grown-up prince.

Illahi Tu Sun Le Hamali Duva, Hame Sirf Ek Asara Hai Tera. Teri Rahamate Rah Roshan Kare, Salamat Rahe Saya Man-bap Ka – Chhote Nawab (1961):- Mohammad Rafi – R D Burman  The song was the game changer in the film. In his maiden venture, RDB, on one hand succeeds in  providing just the right platform to Mohammad Rafi to fully express the emotions of the song and on the other hand has lived up to the challenge of the Shailendra’s very poignant lyrics.

When we look back now, we see one most glaring association missing at the core career path years of Shailendra – with Madan Mohan. Similarly, if we see the presence of R D Burman from the (so-called) next generation of music directors, one may note absence of Laxmikant Pyarelal.

We will continue our search for Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

[i]   Virasat – Lyricist ‘Shailendra’

 

Categories
Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music–September 2014

Welcome to September, 2014 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

The entire August 2014 edition of our blog carnival was dedicated to the memories of Mohammad Rafi. As result, we had not been able to visit any of the other published post in that episode. We will make good those inadvertent omissions in the present episode.

We begin out tour of our regular blogs:

Hemant Kumar’s songs by SD Burman

Besides his own compositions, Hemant Kumar freely sang under other composers. SD Burman was one of the most important for him, making him the voice of Dev Anand – one of the big three – in many films. Continuing the series on SD Burman for various singers, SoY presents songs for Hemant Kumar as a tribute to the latter on his 25th death anniversary.(b. 16 June 1920; d. 26 September 1989).

Best Songs of 1951: Wrap Up 2

This is the part Two of the Wrap Up round on Best songs of 1951: And the winners are? . Part 1 has addressed wide ranging discussions on Male Playback Singers for the Year 1951. The ‘other’ female playback singers bring immense variety and several of them had their landmark songs in the year. As a result, this year SoY has taken up a separate post for ‘other’ (than Lata Mangeshakar) Female Playback Singers. .

Aao bachcho tumhein dikhayen jhanki….ki

Jagriti (1954), has a more or less mirror image on the other side as Bedari. Actor Ratan Kumar (Nazir Rizvi) was the common link, where he played the same role of a differently-abled nice boy, who reforms the wayward boy

Multiple Version Songs (18): Hindi-Telugu exchange [Guest article by Arunkumar Deshmukh]

His first guest article in the series on Multiple Version Songs was on Hindi-Marathi, naturally.  Arunji surprised everyone by an equally erudite article on Hindi – Kannada versions. The Hindi- Telugu exchange is equally rich and interesting.

Ten of my favourite ‘male pianist’ songs’ is a veritable collection of songs picturised on men sitting at pianos, a worthy sequel to women pianists .

That also gives us cause to recall an archived article – My favorite piano-songs, from the 50s and 60s that have at least one character “playing” the piano throughout the song. Even as some songs would get repeated in these three articles, the presentations offer a varied fare that whets our appetite of different perspectives.

August being the month of festivals, it was high time a post on Festival Songs that would collate songs relating to various festivals was eagerly awaited.

My Favourites: Letters in Verse resurrects the now forgotten art and passion of writing letters.

August 27 is the death anniversary of Mukesh. ‘Made for each other: Mukesh and Kalyanji-Anandji’ pays tribute to Mukesh, by exploring one of the very special associations he had had with some of the leading music directors of his era.

Coincidentally we also have an exclusive post – Kalyanji-Anandji, the immortal duo detailing their notable films, songs, achievements and key recognitions that highlight their versatile talent. The post also discusses their distinctive composing style and more importantly, highlight their personal nature and why they are immortal.

We now stray beyond our oft-tracked path and take a look at occasional marvels that one lands up in such journeys:

First Ghalib ghazal to be used in a film was ‘Aah ko chahiye ek umr asar hone tak’ was the first Mirza Ghalib ghazal to be used in a movie (Masoom – 1941).

Whilst on Cutting The Chai, we also join the (still continuing) celebration of 100 years of Indian Cinema @ 100 Years of Indian Cinema: India Post’s 50 commemorative stamps.

This is also a diamond jubilee year of 1964 film Dosti, which is rightly commemorated @ Dukh To Apana Saathi Hai – Sushil Kumar.

And as coincidences would have, we landed upon The spirituality in Hindi Film songs, which also talks about immortal songs, of this 1964 movie, Dosti’, penned by inimitable Majrooh Sultanpuri and sung in the angelic voice of Mohammed Rafi”.

We have been a given an excellent lead for very unusual wealth of information in terms of several articles @ Scroll.in . Here is one example A reminder for the Scots: India has a thriving bagpipe tradition too – Folk troupes in the country’s Garhwal region, especially those that play for weddings, often include a bagpiper. – by Mridula Chari.

Similarly Suresh Chandvankar, the Honorary Secretary of Society of Indian Record Collectors and the Editor of The Record News, the annual journal of the Society has contributed Marathi and English articles on the 78 rpm era to various periodicals, newspapers and websites. We take up one of the several articles for this edition, and will take up at least one article in each our subsequent editions.

Mimicry and comic songs from the dawn of the recording era in India – European recording companies scoured India looking for interesting sounds and songs, between 1902 to 1908.

We have a very interesting fare from our friend Bhagwan Thavrani :

In our regular ending of the carnival, we have “3-G: Great Lyrics, Grand Music and Golden Voice in Indian Cinema by Sri Biman Baruah , information shared by Sri Binu Nair, Founder, Rafi Foundation, Mumbai listing Mohammed Rafi solos written by Hasrat Jaipuri and filmed on different Actors:

Year Film Song Music Actor
1961 Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai Teri Zulfon Se Judaee Tu Nahin Mangi Thi Shankar Jaikishan Dev Anand
1962 Asli Naqli Chheda Mera Dil Ne Tarana Tere Pyar Ka Shankar Jaikishan Dev Anand
1963 Tere Ghar Ke Samne Dil Ka Bhanwar Kare Pukar, Pyar Ke Raag Suno Re S.D. Burman Dev Anand
1968 Duniya Falsafa Pyar Ka Tum Kya Jano, Tumne Kabhi Pyar Na Kiya Shankar Jaikishan Dev Anand
1964 Aayee Milan Ki Bela Tum Kamsin Ho, Nadaan Ho Shankar Jaikishan Rajendra Kumar
1965 Arzoo Aye Phoolon Ki Raani Baharoon Ki Malka Shankar Jaikishan Rajendra Kumar
1966 Suraj Chehere Pe Giri Zulfen Kehdo Tu Utha Do Main Shankar Jaikishan Rajendra Kumar
1968 Jhuk Gaya Aasman Kaun Hai Jo Sapnon Mein Aaya Shankar Jaikishan Rajendra Kumar
1961 Junglee Ehsaan Tera Hoga Mujh Par Shankar Jaikishan Shammi Kapoor
1962 Professor Aye Gul Badan Aye Gulbadan Shankar Jaikishan Shammi Kapoor
1964 Rajkumar Is Rang Badalti Duniya Mein Insaan Ki Niyaat Thik Nahin Hai Shankar Jaikishan Shammi Kapoor
1969 Tumse Accha Kaun Hai Janam Janam Ke Saath Nibhane Ko Shankar Jaikishan Shammi Kapoor
1966 Gaban Ehshan Mere Dil Pe Tuhmare Hain Dostoon, Yeh Dil Tuhmare Pyar Ka Shankar Jaikishan Sunil Dutt
1970 Bhai-Bhai Mere Mehbbob Tere Dam Se Bahar Aaye Shankar Jaikishan Sunil Dutt
1965 Gumnaam Ek Ladki Hai Jisne Jina Muskil Kar Diya Shankar Jaikishan Manoj Kumar
1964 Ziddi Teri Surat Se Nahin Milti Kisi Ki Surat S. D. Burman Joy Mukherjee
1966 Love In Tokyo Aaja Re Aa Jara Lehrake Aa Jara Shankar Jaikishan Joy Mukherjee
1964 April Fool Meri Mohabbat Paak Mohabbat Aur Jahan Ki Shankar Jaikishan Biswajeet
1972 Shararat Dil Ne Pyar Kiya Hai Ek Bewafa Se Ganesh Biswajeet
1968 Mere Huzoor Rukh Se Zara Naqab Utha Do Mere Huzoor Shankar Jaikishan Jeetendra
1969 Pyar Hi Pyar Main Kahin Kavi Na Ban Jaoon Shankar Jaikishan Dharmendra
1973 Naina Hum Ko Tu Jaan Se Pyaari Shankar Jaikishan Shashi  Kapoor

This is certainly not an exhaustive list. We will try to make good the misses in due course of time.