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Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs : July, 2018

Mohammad Rafi’s Solo Song From The FIRST Film With The Music Director: 1954 -1955

To commemorate Mohammad Rafi’s anniversaries, [Born: 24 December, 1924// Death: 31 July, 1980] we commenced a series of articles on Mohammad Rafi that essentially tried to bring the solo song of Mohammad Rafi from the first film with the music director.  Beginning 2016, we have planned to take up one five-year slot every year, in the chronological order, starting from 1944, the year in which Mohammad Rafi sang his maiden solo song in Hindi Films.

Till now we have covered the first slot of 1944 – 1948 in Part I and Part II in December, 2016,  the second five-year-slot of 1949 – 1953 in our July,201710th December, 2017 and 17th December, 2017 articles.

Presently, we will take up the years 1954 and 1955 of the third five-year-slot of 1954-1958.

[For the sake for structured documentation, I will be following the alphabetical sequence of Film names in the post.]

1954

The year 1954 has 44 Hindi solo songs of Mohammad Rafi.  There are many repeat-music directors like  SN Tripathi, Salil Chaudhary, Naushad, Hansraj Behl, Shanker Jaikishan, Chitragupt, Ghulam Mohammad, Madan Mohan, Nissar Bazmi etc, wo composed music for one or more than one film in the year. The films ranged from successful to obscure films.

As a result, with every passing year, we now observe less number of songs that would meet the criteria for our present series, since most of the music directors have had used Mohammad Rafi for a solo song in the years reviewed till now.

Year 1954 is to yield 7 music directors who had a maiden solo song composed for Mohammad Rafi.

Roshan had made his debut in Hindi Films in 1949 with Neki Aur Badi. His first ever use of Mohammad Rafi, wasa Rafi Asha duet Mohabbat Ke Maaron Ka, in Baware Nain (1950).. Then he has used Rafi in a Rafi- Kishore Kumar-Ram Kamlani triad and a Rafi-Kishore Kumar duet, materialized only in Malkin (1953). The first solo comes up now, in 1954. Since then, Roshan’s association with Mohammad Rafi has gone on to become stronger and richer.

Zameen Bhi Vahi Hai Vahi Aasma, Magar Ab Wo Dilli Ki Galiyan Kahan  – Chandni Chowk – Lyrics: Majrooh Sultanpuri

This is a background song. The only male solo – Hamein Aye Dil Kahin Le Chal – filmed on the lead male actor has Mukesh for playback.

Datta Davjekar has had one solo – Main Teri Tu Mera – with Mohammad Rafi in 1947 for Aap Ki Sewa Mein. Incidentally, Lata Mangeshkar had had her first solo playback song – Paa Lagun Kar Jori Re, Sham Mose Na Khelo Hori Re – too in this film. However, we now have a film in which Datta Dvajekar and Jagganath share the credits as music directors, hence our present song.

Saheedo Amar Hai Tumhari Kahani, Watan Par Luta Di Jinhone Jawani – Golkonda Ke Qaidi – Lyrics: Anjaan

The film has had three music directors – Datta Davjekar, Jagganath and Kundan Lal – and three lyricists. HFGK records Datta Davjekar’s statement that all songs for the film were in fact composed by him.

There is one more Rafi solo in the film – Uthake Sar Chalo Jawani Shaan Se

Hemant Kumar probably brought in Mohammad Rafi for this song because it is was possibly Rafi only who could effortlessly scale vertically up while delivering ‘Uttho Chhalang Mar Ke Aaksh Ko Chhoo Lo’ and then in the very next line ‘Tum Gaad Do Gagan Mein Tiranga Uchaal Ke’ come back to the normal scale.

Hum Laaye Hai Tufan Se Kashti Nikal Ke Is Desh Ko Rakhana Mere Bachchon Sambhal Ke – Jagriti – Hemant Kumar – Pradeep

In a very rare Hemant Kumar – Mohammad Rafi combination, Mohammad Rafi does full justice to the confidence invested in him.

Shailesh Mukherji, is one of those Bengali music directors who could not comfortably last longer in the Hindi Film world.

Kismat Ka Likha Na Tale Na Koi Bas Chale, Yah Kya Hai Zindagi Haye Yah Kya Hai Zindagi – Parichay – Lyrics: Keshav Trivedi

We have Mohammad Rafi singing a background song in what is now established his signature style.

Sudhir Phadke has used Mohammad Rafi very selectively. In fact, he has used Kishore Kumar also very selectively, but for the film under discussion, Pahli Taarikh, he has created one of the most iconic KK song – Khush Hai Jamana Aaj Pahli Taarikh Hai….

Kahun Kya Ki Kaun Hoon Kya Hoon Main, Kisi Raste Ka Chirag Hoon, Mujhe Jisne Chaha Jala Diya…Gareebon Ki Duniya Mita Denewale  – Paheli Tareekh –  Lyrics : Qamar Jalalabadi

This also seems to be a background song.

Lachchiram (Tamar), composed music for around 20 films.  For most of the Hindi Film fans, the name of this music director would itself, perhaps, be a forgotten name. But his songs – Dhalati Jaaye Raat, Karale Dil Ki Baat (Razia Sultan, 1961), Gori Tere Nain Nainva Kajar Bina Kare, Sab Jawan Sab Haseen Koi Tumsa Nahin, and solo and duet versions of Tu Shokh Kali Main Mast Pawan (all from, Main Suhagan Hun, 1964) – would easily be recognized.

Akaash Ke Aanchal Mein Sitara Rahega – Shaheed E Azam Bhagat Singh – Lyrics: Shauquat Pardesi

Mohammad Rafi exudes nationalistic fervor in every word that he sings in this rally song.

Hafiz Khan is credited as the music director who created a qawwali – Aanhein Na Bhari Shiquaw Na Kiye  (Zeenat, 1945; Noorjehan, Zohrabai, Kalyani) which has the distinction of being the oldest among all the well-known qawwaalis of Hindi movies.  

Apne Diwano Se Daaman Na Chhuda, Bekhabar Hosh Mein Aa – Watan – Lyrics: Shevan Rizvi

We have one more background song…

1955

The year 1955 had 76 songs solo songs of Mohammad Rafi, of which we have 2 solo songs each of B S Kalla and N Dutta and one solo of Bipin Babul from one film each from their respective maiden association with Mohamamd Rafi.

B(alkrishna) S Kalla is quite an unknown name. From various records, we observe that prior to 1955, he has also jointly composed for films like Mangala (1950), Mr. Sampat (1952),  Bahut Din Huye (1954), which were all produced by the then known Tamil banners. Do Dulhe is his solo music direction film.

Naam Hai Mere Baap Ka Soda, Uski Surat Dekh Ke Aata Mujhko Bukhaar – Do Dulhe – Lyrics: Pt. Indra

The present song is a very good comedy genre song. The song is filmed on mentally challenged persons, and had parodied a couple of known songs. Mohammad Rafi has another solo song – Hal Na Kar Paaye Jise Tu Kaun Si Mushkil Hai Wo – which appears to be background song, one duet with Geeta Dutt and a triad with Geeta Dutt and Sarla Devi.

N Datta (a.k.a. Dattaram Baburao Naik) commenced his career as an assistant to S D Burman in films like Bahar, Sazaa and Ek Nazar (1951), Jaal (1952), Jeevan Jyoti (1953) and Angarey (1954), before his got his maiden assignment in Milaap (1954), which was also maiden directorial venture of Raj Khosla.

Ab Woh Karam Kare Ya Sitam Main Nashe Mein Hun – Marine dive – Lyrics: Sahir Ludhyanavi

His early association with Sahir when N Datta was an assistant to S D Burman seems to be continuing and continuing well. In the present song N Dutta comes out in the true elements of his abilities – very soft orchestration, a smooth composition which has some typical twists.

The film had two Mohammad Rafi – Asha Bhosle duet songs, one of which is what is known as Beggar Song genre song in Hindi films – Bata Ae Aasmanwale Tere Bande Kidhar Jaye and another one is a romantic duet – Muhabbat Yun Bhi Hoti Hai.

Bipin (Dutt) and Babul Started their career as assistants to Madan Mohan, Thiers is one more case of a capable music director who did not ring success to the cash box. They have composed two highly respected Rafi songs – Tum Poochhate Ho Ishq Bhala Hai Ke Nahin Hai and Chheda Jo Dil Ka Fasana Hansa Zor Se Kyon Zamana in Naqli Nawab, 1962.

Rukh Se Parda To Hata Zara Nazrein To Mila – Shahi Mehmaan – Lyrics: Anjum Jaipuri

The composition of the song is more on the Sufi style.

While ending the present episode, I am not able to resist the temptation of presenting one of my most favorite Mohammad Rafi songs (for 1954), even at the cost of repeating a music director.

Hai Baski Har Ek Unke Ishare Me Nishan Aur, Karate Hai Muhabbat To Guzarata Hai Guman Aur – Mirza Ghalib (1954) – Ghulam Mohammad

We will take up the years 1956 to 1958 of the third five-year-slot of 1954-1958 in the month of December, 2018

Categories
Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – April 2014

Welcome to April 2014 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

Welcome, spring!with a few songs for the spring.

Forgotten Composers Unforgettable Melodies (9): Lachhiram -A very awkward and unfamiliar name, and not among the mainstream composers, it is so great a coincidence that even as this Blog Carnival’s March 2014 edition was on net, SoY had published this post. Lachchiram Tomar appears to have given music for around 20 films, but even in these hyper-active internet days, one does not find pre-1950 songs on internet!

Arunkumar Deshmukh, in his comment @ 13states: Aye Dil Machal Machal Ke Yoon, Rota Hai Zaar Zaar Kya “ solo of Lata from film Main Suhagan Hoon is the ONLY song of Lata, Lachhiram ever composed. He was the ‘one film-one song’ composer of Lata.” This aspect was also strongly mentioned in Shri Ashok Dave’s post on Main Suhagan Hoon, wherein it is categorically stated that Lachhiram had rather a strong preference for Asha Bhosle. Obviously, the reasons for such a pattern are not evidenced.

We have one more post relating to Forgotten composers – Celebrating the Uncelebrated: Ten of my favourite songs by lesser-known composers.

Most satisfying aspect of the subject of ‘Forgotten’ Creators of “Unforgettable” Melodies is that there are still fairly large number of knowledgeable persons who keep on with their active contributions of these ‘geniuses’ on internet and do a great service of creating an unforgettable documentation of this vital aspect of Indian Cinema.

The haunting music of Hemant Kumar– i.e. haunting songs that for some reason remain etched in your mind and you keep humming or visualizing the song often. Or, when a song conveys deep emotions that are unforgettable or which leave an impact even when you are not listening to the song. Enjoy 22 of these songs on the player here.

Lata Mangeshkar Sings for Laxmikant Pyarelal –Part 1talks about Lata – LP collaboration in 60s andPart 2talks about period from 1970 till 1996.

Found: Vyjayanthimala’s Other Bharatanatyam Dance in Chittor Rani Padmini (1963, Tamil)! – Cinema Nritya Gharana had presenteda beautiful Bharatanatyam dance of Vyjayanthimala’s in the 1963 Tamil film Chittor Rani Padmini in the first post on V.S. Muthuswami Pillai, but lamented that the second dance at the end of the movie she was said to have performed for the king could not be located . [This article was covered in August 2013 edition of this Blog Carnival.] Well! The dance has now been located, at the rich treasure house of Kandasamy Sekkarakudi Subbiah Pillai’s YouTube channel, and it is fantastic!

There are two dances that feature performers who are not yet identified (but definitely would like to know more about) and there is one song for which the identity of some of the singers seems to be a subject of hot debate. So, for the first post devoted to Khazanchi (there will probably be more here), let’s delve into these… Some Mystery Singers and Dancers in Khazanchi (1941).

The Mystery of the Missing Songs– a list of the songs (I knew were) filmed and deleted for one reason or the other.

Ten of my favourite ‘classic poem’ songs’ lists ten songs that are, in whole or part, written by classic poets.

My Favourites: Ghoda-Gaadi SongsHere are these songs, “in the memory of an animal-drawn vehicle that gave us some wonderful melodies. But with some caveats.

  • The songs can encompass any sort of horse-drawn vehicle – carriages, phaetons, Victorias, carts.
  • The whole song had to be picturised on the vehicle. (That took care of two of my favourite songs, Ye kya kar dala tune from Howrah Bridge and Sun bairi balam from Bawre Nain.)
  • It had to include the hero and  the heroine, even if only one of them were singing. (I originally titled this post Ghoda, Ghodi and Ghoda-Gaadi.) That deleted two other songs from my list: Chhoti si ye zindagani re from Aah, and Jhoome re neela ambar jhoomefrom Ek Gaaon ki Kahani.”

And as can be expected, there is at least one more of aTen of my favourite ghoda-gaadi songs “from pre-70s films that I’ve seen. Other than that, my requisites for the selected songs were:
1. That the person singing (on screen, that is) remains in the ghoda-gaadi through at least 80% of the song (which is whyAe dil hai mushkildoesn’t feature in this list).
2. Horse-drawn vehicles of all types qualify: tongas, Victorias, phaetons, even chariots. Horseback is out.
3. And, no two songs from the same film are allowed.”

SoY continues the great series on S D Burman and his songs with the leading playback singers, on the first death anniversary of Shamshad Begum with East meets West: Shamshad Begum’s songs by SD Burman.

We have some excellent material on one of most known ‘back-room’ face of Hindi Film Music – Manohari Singh.

In The Reed ManManohari Singh talks about his life and experiences, his colleagues and what it was like in the halcyon days of the Hindi film music world. [The post is penned byAshwin Panemangalore, who is primarily an electrical engineer, put in a long stint at L & T’s group of companies in software and instrumentation. After retiring in 2008 he is indulging in his passion for jazz.]

Manohari Singh – The Charming Pied Piper– Music lovers, both connoisseurs and common listeners, throng to listen to the mere sound of his instrument playing……Be it the Saxophone, Western (Key) Flute, the Clarinet or the Mandolin, there is a magical charm in the way he plays those instruments. There is unanimous agreement about the man’s extra special expressions, amazing breath control and inimitable tone of instrument playing.

Memories of Manohari Singh (1931 – 2010)is an anthological video clip capturing Manohari Singh’s work.

We also have two excellent posts presenting some important facets of legacies of two of the great (background) singers of Hindi Film Music world.

Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar Gramophone Record Museum : A National Heritage Made by Shri Suman Chaurasiya has more than 28000 records., of which records of Lata Mangeshkar’ s song number over 6000.

@ Beete Hue Din, Shishir Krishna Sharma’s article‘Tere Pyar Ka Aasra Chahta Hoon’ – Mahendra Kapoorremembers Mahendra Kapoor’s debut song,a duet ‘Kisi Ke Zulm Ki Tasweer Hai Mazdoor Ki Basti’ with Dhan Indorewala from the 1953 release movie ‘Madmast’. [ An interesting trivia – Music Director of this film – Madmast- V. Balsara and Dhan Indorewala went to marry later on.] Another song which Mahendra Kapoor sang for this movie was a qawwali with S.D.Batish, ‘Unhe Dekhein To Wo Munh Pher…Hamey Ankhein Dikhaate Hain’. …..

We also have some additional inputs by Shishir Krishna Sharma @ Mahendra Kapoor’s First Film Song He sang his first solo, “Kisko Daani Kahen … Tere Dar Ki Bhikmangi Hai Daata Duniya Saari” for Snehal Bhatkar’s Diwali Ki Raat in 1956.

The next song which he had sung was a Heer for the punjabi movie, Heer which had music by Anil Biswas. In addition to the above songs, He is also known to have recorded the following before participating in the competition:-

1. A few lines for the song “Ek Taraf Joru Ne Hai Nikaala” for composer Bulo C Rani in the movie Madhur Milan(1955). This song had been sung by Mohd Rafi, Geeta Dutt and A.R. Ojha and penned by Raja Mehdi Ali Khan.

2. A duet with Sabita Banerjee for composer Shanmukh Babu, “Oh Bedardi Jaane Ke Na kar Bahaane” for the movie Lalkaar(1956).

We eulogise passing away of V K Murthy, one of the most outstanding cinematographer, and Nanda, the beautiful and versatile actress of the Golden Era of Hindi Films.

The Masters : V K Murthy– Venkatrama Pandit Krishnamurthy’s journey to becoming VK Murthy, the eminent technician who was known as ‘Guru Dutt’s eyes’ is the stuff films are made of – a rags to riches story that began in the erstwhile princely state of Mysore in 1923.

Iconic beam shot by V K Murthy  for Waqt Ne Kiya Kya Haseen Sitam
No post on VK Murthy can be complete without the story behind the fantastic beamshot, for the song Waqt ne kiya,even though it’s been repeated in every tribute that has ever been written about the director, the film, or now, the cinematographer.

Here are a few of the video clips on V K Murthy:

Ten of my favourite Nanda songs“to celebrate Nanda’s life and career—and to wish her farewell—a selection of ten of her songs that I particularly like. These are all from pre-70s films that I’ve seen, and in each song, Nanda’s character does some—if not all—of the singing…… RIP, Nanda. You will be missed. Your sunny smiles and laughing eyes, your dignity, your ability to make your characters so believable—all will be remembered.”

Here are some more tributes to Nanda from You Tube:

During the period for the present edition, our friend Bhagwan Thavrani has remembered Pyar Ki Dastan Tum Suno To Kahen – Lata Mangeshkar (Music Director: Hemant Kumar) from Farar (1965). That reminded me to look for Dil-E-Nadaan Ko Sambhalun To from the same film, which shows Lata Mangeshkar as singer in the credits, but is believed to have been rendered by Suman Kalyanpur. In any case, Hemant Kuamr was at his melodious self, in the film. Here are the rest of the songs from the film:

Songs of Yore has presented Best songs of 1951: And the winners are?– After reviewing the best songs of 1955 and 1953, which were gap years in the Filmfare Awards (Baiju Bawra,1952 was the first film to get the Filmfare Awards for the best music, but in the later years no films of 1953 and 1955 won these awards, SoY now comes to the pre-Filmfare era with 1951. 1951 seems to have more than 110 films and 1000 songs. Without any doubt, all discussions are going to be as live as any discussions on SoY or the previous 1955 and 1953 posts have been.

One of the most iconic song from the year 1951 is Thandi Hawayein Laharati Aayen – Naujawan – Lata Mangeshkar, S D Burman. In Thandi Hawayein Legacy – Charles Bayer crooned “C’est la vie” in Algiers(1938) without even realizing what a big chain of inspirations he had set for the next generation of Indian music makers.

Old Is Gold has presented two part interview with Ghalib Khan , son of famous Hindi Film lyricist Asad Bhopali. Thefirst part of the interviewends with an outstanding song from Film Afasana (1951)’s Kismat Bigdi Duniya Badli – Mukesh (Husnalal Bhagatram).

Thesecond part of the interviewtakes us to our usual section on Mohammad Rafi with Miss Bombay (1949) song – Zindagi Bhar Gham Judaai Ka Hamen Tadpaayega First Version and Second Version (Hansraj Behl) and “Ek Naari Do Roop” song Dil Ka Soona Saaz Tarana Dhoondhega(Ganesh).

Here are three posts on Mohammad Rafi for the present edition of this Blog Carnival:

I am sure you will enjoy the present edition of our Blog Carnival and look forward to additions / inputs to enrich it further…….