The Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @ SoY – Male Solo Songs – Mukesh

Numerically, Mukesh has highest number of solos among all male playback singers in 1948.

The songs that we have selected here fall in two broad categories.

The first one is the songs that were, and still have been exceedingly popular. These are:

Mukesh’s Popular Songs

Zinda Hun Is Tarah Ke Gam-e-Jindagi Nahin – Aag – Ram Ganguly – Behzad Lakhanavi

Jeevan Sapan Toot Gaya – Anokha Pyar – Anil Biswas – Jiya Sarhadi

This song has an equally popular female version too, in Lata Mangeshkar’s voice.

Ye Pyar Ki Baatein Ye Safar Bhool Na Jana – Anokhi Ada – Naushad Ali – Shakeel Badayuni

Gaaye Ja Geet Milan Ke Tu Apni Lagan Ke – Mela – Naushad – Shakeel Badayuni

Woh Teekhi Nazron Se Mere Dil Pe Kuchch Aisi Bijali – Veena – Anil Biswas –

Gokul Ki Ek Naar Chhabili Jamuna Tat Par Aayee Re – Veena – Anil Biswas – Swami Haridas

Bahe Na Kabhi Nain Se Neer – Vidya – S D Burman – Y N Joshi

Mukesh’s Noteworthy Songs

The other category is the songs that have been noteworthy, but could not attain the sustained popularity.

Woh Teer Kaleje Par Ik Shuakh Ne Mara Hai – Anjuman – Bulo C Rani – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Jalanewale Tujhe Kya Unko Khabar Ho Na Ho – Gunjan – Ashok Ghosh – S R Saaz

Koi Din Jindagi Ke Gungunakar Geeta Gata Hai – Gunjan – Ashok Ghosh – Deepak

Aye Duniya Bata De Bhagwan Kahan Hai – Jeene Do – Shaukat Hussain (Dehlvi) – Shewan Rizvi

Hoshiyar Naujwan Jag Aye Naujawan Jal Raha Hai Makan – Padeshi Mehman – Hans Raj Behl – Pandit Indra

He Khag He Mrig He Madhukar Tum Bin Suna Jeevan – Rambhakt Hanuman – S N Tripathi – B D Mishra

Beet Chali Barakha Ritu Site, Sudh Na Mili Tumhari – Rambhakt Hanuman – S N Tripathi – B D Mishra

Lakhi Bulbul Mere Kahe Ko Dinhi Videsh – Suhaag Raat – Snehal Bhatkar – Amir Khushro

Mere Sapno Ki Raani Re – Veena – Anil Biswas – Narendra Sharma

We will take up Solo Songs of G M Durrani and Surendra in our next episode of Male Solo Songs of 1948.

The Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @ SoY : Setting The Stage

Wait for the curtains to go up for a review of songs for the particular year @ Songs of Yore is more than an eager wait. It is preganat with more unknown songs now.  Having covered songs of 1955, 1953, 1951, 1950 and 1949 in the previous years, SoY has now crossed the threshold well into the Vintage Era as it now ventures into ‘Best songs of 1948: And the winners are?

As noted in the overview turnkey article, we now enter the period which has two quite distinct characteristics:

One, Lata Mangeshkar did sing over 40 songs of which you can count about ten memorable and a couple of all-time great songs, yet she was not the sole pole star, as she became from 1949 onwards. Therefore, dividing the female playback singers as Lata Mangehkar and ‘others’ as (has been) done for 1949, 1950 and 1951 would not be a true reflection of reality.

Secondly, the Vintage Era also means entering a period of more unknown than known, therefore, the year-wise review would now be more a discovery trip.

The post under consideration – Best songs of 1948: And the winners are?  – has presented quite an  encompassing overview in an established template: –

Musical landmarks: Like a golden Jubilee (Mela) and a silver Jubileen (Anokhi Ada) under the belt Naushad hasestablished his morchical position. His nearest rival C ramchandra has Nadiya Ke Paar and Kidkiin the year under review. Ghulam Hiader has presened his swan song on now the Indian soil – Shaheed. Raj Kapoor directs his maiden film Aag with Ram Ganguly as music director. Lata Mangeshkar has hardly any presence in these films.

Other important musical compositions are no less noteworthy nor have lost their charm. We will enlist them here –

Anil Biswas:

Gajre

Door papia bola – Suraiya
Baras baras badly bhi bikhar gayi – Lata Mangeshkar

Veena

Wo teekhi nazron se mere dil par – Mukes

Husnlal Bhagatram

Tere Naino Ne Chori Kiya – Suraiya

O Door Jaanewale – Suraiya

Khemchand Prakash

Marne Ki Duaen Kyon ManguN– Kisore Kumar’s maiden solo song – Ziddi

Chanda Re..Ja Re Ja Re – Lata Mangeshkar – Ziddi

Ghulam Haider

Grihasthi

Tere naaz uthane ko ji chahta hai – Mukesh & Shamshad Begum

Pugree

Ek teer chalanewale ne dil loot liya – Mukesh & Sitara (Kanpuri)

S D Burman

Vidya

Laayi khushi ki duniya – Mukesh & Suraiya

Bahe na kabhi nain se neer – Mukesh

Debut

Asha Bhosle – Only a line Bahana Khush Ho Ke Sangam Manaye – in a chorus in the song Sawaan Aya Re – Chunariya

Kishore Kumar’s first duet with Lata Mangeshkar Ye Kaun Aya Re – Ziddi

Prem Dhawan Chanda Re..Ja Re Ja Re – Ziddi

RK Films Aag

Geeta Dutt – Lata Mangeshkar’s maiden duet Har Shai Pe Jawani Hai – Majboor

Mukesh – Lata Mangeshkar duet Ab Darne Ki Koi Baat Nahin – Majboor

Ab Yaad Na Kar – Ankoha Pyar

Khayyam (as Sharmaji & (Rehman) Vermaji with Aziz Khan) Dil Dil Yun YuN Karata Hai – Geeta Dutt, Aziz Hindi – Heer Ranja

Lata Mangeshkar first song with Shamshad Begum and Mohantara Khushiyan Manayen Na Kyun Ham.. Kismat Hamare Saath Hai.. Jalanewale Jala Karen – Khidki

Surinder Kaur Itne Door Hain Huzoor Kaise – Pyar Ki Jeet

Padmini as dancer-actor in Uday Shankar’s Kalpana

S Mohinder – as music director in film Sehra and as a singer Ae dil Uda Ke – Sehra

Jaan Nissar Akhtar – as lyricist in Shikayat

Sahir Ludyanavi – as a lyricist for Badal Rahi Hai Zindagi – Azadi Ki Rah Par

Snehal Bhatkar – as a music director in Suhaag Raat

Bharat Bhushna and Geeta Bali – as actors in Suhag Raat

Fact file and Trivia notes that five songs of Meena Kapoor for Anokha Pyar were recorded on Lata Mangeshkar; Leela Chitnis played mother for first time in Shaheed; Mohammad Rafi holds a falg pole in Watan Ki Rah Mein Watan Naujawan Shaheed Ho; Ameerbai Karnataki composed music for Shahnaz, once only in her career; Vidya Nath Seth sang firve songs for Rooplelka of which he composed one song too.

List Of Memorable Songs is a fairly representative list of films, music directors and known as well as less-known songs that were released in the year. I have re-compiled this list, under the title Memorable Songs of 1948, by adding the relevant link to YT file.

For the year under review, Special songs also cover the songs which open a path of discovery on their own well as they have thir own personality. In this case too, I have brought these songs on the same page with List of Memorable Songs of 1948.

The stage is now set to commence our journey into the Micro View of the Songs of 1948. As the List of Memorable Songs and Special Songs have covered most of the well-known songs for the year, we will restrict our micro-view to in-depth listening of not-so-well-known songs. We will then combine our impressions of these songs with that we already have for the well-known ones to present our point of view in so far as

Best male playback singer
Best ‘other’ female playback singer
Best songs of Lata Mangeshkar
Best duets
Best music director

are concerned for the year 1948.

All the posts that will appear on this subject here have been tagged as Songs of 1948 @ SoY.

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – December, 2016

Welcome to December, 2016 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

We will begin our present episode on a lighter note with You’ve never heard the demonetized version of this famous song from Guru Dutt’s ‘Pyaasa’. As a parody, ‘When it was our turn in the queue, the bank’s coffers were empty‘ is a part of sort of mini cottage industry – These Bollywood spoofs on demonetisation will tide you over the cashless blues.

December, 2016 also had another major event- passing away of Tamil Nadu CM, J Jayalalithaa.

Wadia and Nadia: How love kicked in pre-Bollywood filmdom – Nadia was a JBH discovery. But it was Homi (May 22, 1911 – December 10, 2004) who gave this memsahib with a thick Scottish accent, a voice. “Homi realised her language was her ‘body’,” says film theorist and curator Amrit Gangar. “He kept Nadia’s dialogue to a bare minimum because of her difficulty with Hindi.”

mary-ann-evans-aka-fearless-nadia-in-a-still-from-carnival-queen-1955
Mary Ann Evans aka Fearless Nadia in a still from Carnival Queen, 1955

Happy Birthday Dharmendra: As he turns 81, we bring you his various filmi moods – He was probably the first Indian male star who appeared bare-chested in a song in Phool Aur Patthar. From Anupama (1966) to Satyakam (1969), Dharmendra tried to create a space for himself as an actor. Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s Chupke Chupke is another film which proved that the actor could balance subtle comedy just as well as slapstick elsewhere.

MS Subbulakshmi: A journey from Kunjamma to Meera – is N Venkataraman’s tribute on her birth centenary (16 September 1916 – 11 December 2004).

December is also a month of birth dates of Dilip Kumar and Raj Kapoor, two fulsome actors of the Great Triad.

dilip-kumar

Dilip Kumar – Leaves from My Diary in an interview conducted in 1957.

prithivi-raj-kapoor-with-sons-and-a-grand-son

Prithivi Raj Kapoor with sons and a grand son

15 Songs of Shailendra: The Art of Simply Expressing Deepest Thoughts – On Shailendra’s death anniversary,Antara Nanda Mondal and Peeyush Sharma have compiled a brief list of 15 songs that give a glimpse of his massive range – encompassing songs of love and romance, songs of introspection and philosophies, songs of spiritual awakening and harsh social realities, songs of that celebrate liberation and songs that express the anguish of entrapment.

sitara-devi

We have an excellent career-sketch of Sitara Devi: The Twinkling Star profiled by Karan Bali on her second death anniversary on 25th November.  Some of her memorable films are Judgement of Allah (1935), Achhut (1940), Pagal (1940) and India Today (1940)., Roti (1942), Najman (1943) or her snake dance in Anjali (1957) or the Holi dance in Mother India (1957).

We will also take note of A Short Film Tribute to Sitara Devi   

Karan Bali has also profiled PC Barua, who is most easily remembered for K L Saigal’s songs of Devdas (1935) or Saigal’s So Ja Raajkumari So Ja (Zindagi).

The December, 2016 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs was dedicated to Mohammad Rafi’s solo song from the first film with the music director. This part of the article covered the first three years of the first-five-year-period of 1944-1948. The second part of the article, has covered songs from 1947 and 1948 @ Mohammad Rafi’s Solo Song From The FIRST Film With The Music Director ||2||.

Here are posts on other subjects as well:

Shyam Benegal’s ‘Ankur’ and the beginning of a film movement – A Book Review by Sangeeta Datta – A script written during the filmmaker’s college years became the foundation of his sparkling career as one of cinema’s greatest realists.

smita-patil-image-credit-jhelum-paranjape

Smita Patil as a child: Mischievous, adventurous, emotional and an excellent mimic – In her review Maithili Rao notes that  Smita Patil biography reveals that the acclaimed actor, whose death anniversary is on December 13, was ‘prem mayee’: a being suffused with love.

More Delicious Chutney Covers of Hindi Film Songs – After the introductory piece, we can now expect this to be a regular fare.

Southern Spice in Hindi Music highlights key aspects of South Indian music that have been absorbed in Hindi film songs, that have added what one would call as a dash of Southern spice in Hindi film music. This is not about the vocal styles from South India, but instruments from South India. LINK TO PLAYLIST FOR SOUTHERN SPICE IN HINDI FILM MUSIC takes us to 12 such songs from 1940s to’60s, with one exception.

I have been able to land upon this quite an imaginative subject – “Samne waali khidki” songs rather belatedly.

Shankar-Jaikishan’s multi-faceted genius with ‘other’ singers – have covered so far their best songs for his leading singers, Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh, Rafi and Manna Dey. also presented his best dance songs for Lata Mangeshkar and female dance duets. presenting my final tribute to SJ with their songs for ‘other’ singers which give a glimpse of their multi-faceted talent.

My Favourites: Heroes – 1 (40s-70s)  is the pairing list of earlier  My Favourites: Heroines – 1 (40s-70s) , based on an idea of Stars and Songs, that the author, Ava Suri, particularly like featuring the actress. In the continuum, Zeenat Aman – My favorite Songs is a collection of Baker’s dozen songs that have matching visuals to the catchy lyrics with Zeenat Aman in the focus and Ashok Kumar – 10 favorite songs that the actor sang as well as performed on the screen.

‘Diya Na Bujhe Ri Aaj Hamara’ – Kumkum The first song I got as a dancer was the song “Angana Baaje Shehnai Re, Aaj Mori Jagmag Atariya” in the film Sheesha which was sung by Shamshad Begum. ‘Raat Ke Raahi’s song ‘Daayein Baayein Chhup Chhupa Ke Kahaan Chale’ was picturized on Kumkum’s younger sister Radhika and Shammi Kapoor.Radhika also stays with her family in Mumbai.

Trios, Quartets, and More: Ten of my favourite songs has presented songs such as:

Bas mujhko mohabbat ho gayi hai (Biwi aur Makaan), 1966); Mukesh, Manna Dey, Hemant, Talat Mahmood. There is one more such experiment in the same film – Nahi Hota… Aa Tha Jab Janam Liya – Mukesh, Manna Dey & Hemant Kumar

The Legends: Asha Bhosle sets the tone with the help of solos and The Legends: Asha Bhosle – Part 2 has her duets.

We end today’s episode with a short film on songs and life of Mohammad Rafi: Part 1| Part 2 | Part 3. 

I take this opportunity to wish a great 2017 to all of you and look forward to your valued suggestions to keep our content more engrossing…

The Micro View of the Best Songs of 1949 @ SoY – MY Top Duet Songs

I always have had a special inclination towards the duet songs. 1949 is the year which had a fairly large catch of the duets to listen to and quite a few have been in the all time favorites of not only my choice but probably of all listeners in general as well. As a result, I have moved along and have generously presented My Top choice duets.

Male – Female Duets

It is no surprise that Male Female duets dominate the overall choice among variants of the duets. However, the domination of duets of Mohammad Rafi and Mukesh is my limitation of taste and choice. In other words, these are the songs that I have been listening to far more frequently than the others. So my choice does reflect that bias.

Other Duets

The Female – Female duets and the solitary triad + song are more or less automatic choices, at least by application of their overall populariover all these years.

The choice of selecting The Best from these has worked out to be more difficult than I had imagined. So I propose a work around solution. I have picked up one duet each from those of Mohammad Rafi, Mukesh and from the others.

We will conclude The Micro View of the Best Songs of 1949 @ SoY in our next episode.

The Micro View of the Best Songs of 1949 @ SoY – (Male-Female) Duets – Duets of Mukesh

Mukesh has had quite well-known duets with almost every other female playback singer for the year 1949.

Films like Dada or Shabnam or Sunhere Din or Thes had more than two duets. I have accommodated one duet here and one more in my Top Choice songs, but still had to leave out the third one. Fortunately these ones are easily accessible on YT.

+ Lata Mangeshkar

Tirchhi Nazar Hai, Patli Qamar Hai – Barsaat – Shanker Jaikishan – Shailendra

Yeh Duniya Hai…. Yahan Dil Ka Lagana Kisko Aata Hai – Shair – Ghulam Mohammad – Shakeel Badayuni

+ Shamshad Begum

O Badi Julmi Tamanna Hai Dil Mein, Ho Aaj Mere Dil Mein – Dada – Shaukat Dehlvi – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Pyar Mein Tumne Dhokha Shikha, Ye To Batao Kaise – Shabnam – S D Burman – Qamar Jalalabadi

Maine Dekhi Jag Ki Reet, Sab Jhuthe Ho Gaye – Sunehare Din – Gyan Dutt – D N Madhok

+Surinder Kaur

Sari Duniya, Four-twenty…. Sari Duniya… – Dada – Shaukat Dehlvi– Shevan Rizvi

Dil Do Naino Mein Kho Gaya, Bura Hua Ya Bhala – Sunehare Din – Gyan Dutt – D N Madhok

+ Rajkumari

Bolo Bolo Sajan Bolo – Thes – Snehal (V G Bhatkar) – Kidar Sharma

+ Suraiya

Badra Ki Chhaon Tale Nanhi Nanhi BundiyaLekh Krishna Dayal – Raghupat Roy

+ Geeta Roy

Kismat Mein Bichchadana Tha, Hui Kyon Unse Mulaqaat Re – Shabnam – S D Burman – Qamar Jalaabadi

+ Asha Bhosale

Ye Qafila Hai Pyar Ka Chalta Hi Jaayega – Lekh – Krishna Dayal –Qamar Jalalabadi

We will take up some more Male Female Duets for 1949 in the next episode.

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – September, 2016

Welcome to September, 2016 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

As always, we first take up posts that focus on memories –

The Many Moods of Meena Kumari – with the exception of sadness  – and indeed the listing in the post and in the discussion thereon present Meena Kuamri in so different moods that it now appears she was known more as ‘tragedy queen’.

SoY has already presented OP Nayyar’s songs for Rafi, Mahendra Kapoor and Shamshad BegumBest songs of Asha Bhosle by OP Nayyar – on her 83rd birth anniversary (b. 8 September 1933) – now, does succeed in bridging the obvious gap while deftly handling  the difficult task of presenting a representative set of songs from 300+ to choose from.

For Noor Jehan’s 90th Birthday, Here’s a Lovely Performance by Her from 40 Years Ago listing of songs (and other things), along with the times in the video when they appear:

0:00                 Awaaz De Kahan Hai
2. 5:06             Talk and Interview
3. 9:17             Sanu Nehar Waley Pul Te Bulake
4. 13:59           Mujhse Pehli Si Mohabbat
5. 20:04           Chithi Zara Saiyaanji
6. 24:30           Bhoolnewale Se Koi Keh De

Kahin Door Jab Din Dhal Jaaye – Mukesh’s Hit Songs for HeroesPeeyush Sharma takes up on a journey through some of Mukesh’s hit songs, which he sang for the reigning heroes or stars of his time, presented in the alphabetical order in the article, in a tribute to the Golden Voice Mukesh. V. Balsara, the music director settled in Calcutta, had (once) commented that one Mukesh song in the film assured that at least one song would be a hit. The article has a special mention of Saath Ho Tum Aur Raat Jawan (Kanch Ki Gudiya, 1961, Suhrid Kar / Shailendra / Asha Bhosle and Mukesh, picturized on Manoj Kumar and Sayeeda Khan) on Public Demand.

rekha-_the-untold-story

For Rekha, the show won’t endSanjukta Sharma‘Rekha: The Untold Story’ taps into that irresistible fantasy of knowing a who has been mythologized all her life.

Lucknow’s Great Son: Naushad Ali recollects the LP record (Odeon ‎– 3AEX 5015)   ’The Genius of Naushad” that has  a collection of some of his greatest hits sung by voices as diverse as Mohammad Rafi, Mukesh, Suraiya and Shamshad Begum.

Music by Naushad, lyrics by Shakeel Badayuni: The great partnership in Hindi film music history is an excerpt of Ganesh Anantharaman’s book Bollywood Melodies A History of the Hindi Film Song, published by Penguin Random House India.

We now take a look at posts on other subjects –

My Favourites: Picnic Songs – Picnics in Hindi films today seem to have gone the way of the dodo, but they were a staple, indeed, integral part of the narrative in the 60s and 70s. Picnics were the perfect occasion to include a song; mostly, it was there so the hero and heroine could a) tease each other b) make fun of the other c) fall in love with each other.

Dekho Dosto Chhed Ka Maza! – Guest article by Shalan Lal – The Chhed chhad songs or the sketches are sub-division of a general term called Comedy. The post and as is always the case, the discussion thereon , are quite scholarly penned presentations of songs and views thereon.

My Favourites: Zulfein – History, mythology and fairy tales are replete with hairy tales……But. Hindi films knew how to celebrate hair. Especially women’s hair, because ‘zulfein’ seemed to refer only to women’s hair. So here are some …‘zulf’ songs, songs that are romantic, sensuous, playful… and extremely lovely plus a bonus song. This has nothing to do with romance, or passion –

Ten of my favourite Aankhen songs is again a very meticulously curated list that includes

‘Mother India’ at the Oscars: ‘The audience laughed with the characters and cried with them’  – Bunny Reuben – Here’s what Sylvia Norris wrote (“Filmfare:” June 6, 1958): The day Mehboob Khan met Cecil B. DeMille in Hollywood; he was referred to as ‘The DeMille of India’. This is a title he richly deserves; not only for his latest spectacle, Mother India, but for the thirty years of devotion he has given the Indian film industry.

Here is one batch of articles from the recent past editions of Scroll.in last month-

The debt owed by Gulzar’s lyrics to Mirza GhalibManish Gaekwad  recounts how the lyricist isn’t shy to admit, in the series of conversations with Nasreen Munni Kabir’s book ‘In the Company of a Poet’,  that the song ‘Dil Dhoondta Hai’ from the film ‘Mausam’ was inspired from Ghalib’s couplet.

In Missing silent film ‘Bilwamangal’ finally returns to India,  Scroll Staff  narrates the story of a digital version of 20-minute duration that arrived at the National Film Archive of India from Cinematheque Francaise in Paris.

Akshay Manwani in a Film flashback: To understand Hindi cinema of the 1960s, start with 1957  hat-tips a great year in which apart from ‘Pyasa’ and ‘Mother India’,  several other films also shaped the future of Hindi cinema on various fronts, showing early signs of the frothy ’60s.

The ‘Prabhat touch’: How the legendary studio became a respectable workplace for actressesZinnia Ray Chaudhuri presents the essay, titled Teen Deviyan: The Prabhat Star Triad and the Discourse of ‘Respectability’  – available on the free online encyclopedia Sahapedia, – in which film historian Sarah Niazi reflects on the circumstances at the film production company that boosted the presence of women in various capacities.

In Micro View of the Best Songs of 1949 @SoY, having covered Male Solo Songs, Other Than Lata Mangeshkar Female Solo Songs, we continued the journey now with Solo songs of Lata Mangeshkar. After part 1 and 2 we covered of part 3 and the review – Summing Up: MY Top Lata Mangeshkar Solo Songs and have moved on to Male-Female Duets category. We have covered duets of Mohammad Rafi with Lata Mangeshkar, Suriya and Shamshad Begum and Geeta Roy and other female playback singers..

We end today’s episode with a post on Mohammad Rafi’:

Bringing Generations Together – Rafi Sahab’s Magic – Achal Rangaswamy discusses with son whether Mohammad Rafi would have been able to sing the songs being “dished out” and how.

I look forward to receive your inputs for further enriching the contents of the posts…..

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: September, 2016

Welcome to our September, 2016 episode of ‘Fading Memories. Unforgettable Songs’.

We had dedicated our August, 2016 episode to Mohammad Rafi on his 36th death anniversary.

We will dedicate the present episode to the memory of Mukesh on his 40th death anniversary (22 July 1923 to 27 August 1976)

In quite a path breaking post, Mukesh’s vintage duets, Songs of Yore and quite active readers thereof have presented and discussed duets of Mukesh with singers of vintage era. The post has, necessarily therefore, chosen to 1949 as the cut-off year.

As it happens, in a concurrent series, Songs of 1949 @ SoY, I have had covered Solo Songs of Mukesh.

It so happens that 1949 has one more significance as well in so far as Hindi film songs of Mukesh is concerned. This is the year in which he had repeated, in a consecutive year, playback for the famous triad of heroes of the Golden Era – Raj Kapoor, Dev Anand and Dilip Kumar. Not that he had rendered voice for each of this three upcoming Greats for the first time. In the past he had several such songs that had acquired high praise from critics and great box-office runs for the records.

For Raj Kapoor:

Baharon Ne Jise Chheda Woh Saaz-e-Jawani Hai – Sunehare Din (1949) – Gyan Dutt – Shezvan Rizvi

We do get very strong indicators of signature Mukesh as Raj Kapoor’s playback alter ego here.

Of course, we certainly shall not miss Barsaat. But as far as songs were concerned, it was more a Lata Mangeshkar show than that of Mukesh. Mukesh had two duets in the film – each one of a diametrically opposite tastes and far more different appeal. The only solo filmed on Raj Kapoor has Mohammad Rafi’s voice.

For Dev Anand:

Yeh Duniya Hai… Yahan Dil Ka Lagana Kis Ko Aata Hai – Shair (1949) – with Lata Mangeshkar – Ghulam Mohammad – Shakeel Badayuni

As we do not have any solo of Mukesh for Dev Anand, we will make an exception to include a Male Female Duet in this case.

For Dilip Kumar:

Andaz was simply a blockbuster, on any and all counts…..All songs that Dilip Kumar had enacted on screen were played back by Mukesh and were roaring hits….compared to Raj Kapoor lip-singing his songs in Mohammad Rafi’s voice with a rather tepid audience response…. Who would have imagined that the picture will be exactly reversed in so far as the default voice of each of them by the turn of the decade just a couple of years away!!!

Toote Na Dil Toote Na– Andaz (1949) – Naushad – Majrooh Sultanpuri

And that provides us the setting for revisiting Mukesh’s solo songs, right from his debut film, 1941 – Nirdosh –  till 1948 – wherein he playedback songs for the great triad in one given year, for the first time.

If there is more than one solo song in a film, I have chosen only one for the purpose of today’s episode.

Dil Hi Bujha Hua Ho To Fasle Bahaar Kyaa – Nirdosh (1941) – Ashok Ghosh – Neelkanth Tiwari

If this song has the historic credit of being Mukesh’s first recorded song for Hindi Films, Nirdosh itself also has the distinction of being the film in which Mukesh also acted for the first time ever ON the screen.

In the next year, Mukesh did have a film in which he acted too – Dukh Sukh . It had two duets with Sitara. Music was composed by Khemchand Prakash. Before the sudden demise, just before his torch bearer song for the Golden Era – Aayega Aanewala- had hit the public, it seems he and Mukesh could not leave behind some solo songs for us.

In 1943, we have Adab Arz, in which Mukesh had played a character from a rich family who married gardener’s daughter in the end. Based on Urdu culture Mukesh played a Muslim role. Gyan Dutt was the music director. The film does not have any song of Mukesh though. We get the first test of their collaborative effort in terms of a solo song in Sunehare Din (1949).

1944 also had one film – Us Paar – in which Firoze Nizami had composed the music and has only one duet of Mukesh – with Kusum (Jara Bolo Ri Haan)in the album.

1945 would remain a very important milestone in the Mukesh’s singing career. Anil Biswas recorded Dil Jalata Hai, which blazed a trail on which Mukesh went on to scale great heights. The film also had one more Mukesh solo:

Tay Kar Ke Badi Door Ki Poorpech Nagariya – Pehli Nazar (1945) – Anil Biswas – Dr. Safdar ‘Aah’

1945 had another film – Moorti, in which Mukesh did get to sing for Motilal under the baton of Bulo C Rani. Hasino Ko Hasino Se Muhabbat Ho Hi Jaati Hai remains quite known. Mukesh successfully continues to clone K L Saigal. We will also listen to:

Mana Ke Tum Haseen Ho,Eh-Le Shabab Ho – Moorti (1945) – Bulo C Rani – Pandit Indra Chandra

The cloning continues into singing a Ghazal-style composition.

During 1946, we see three films in Mukesh’s bag.

Chehra had one duet, with Shamshad Begum and one solo –

O Praani Kyaa Soche Kyaa Hoye – Chehraa (1946) -,MA Mukhtar – Ishwar Chandra  Kapoor

Rajputani also had one duet with Hamida Banu and one solo –

Kiye Ja Pyar Kiye Jaa Na Himmat Haar, Kabhi Inkaar, Kabi Ikraar  – Bulo C Rani – Pandit Indra

Rasili had only one duet, but that is a male-male duet, with Narayan. Again a first for Mukesh….

Aaghaaz Chalaa, Anjaam Chalaa, Wah Rota Hua Nakaam Chala – Raseeli (1946) Composed and written by: Hanuman Prasad

The 1947 has 6 films that have Mukesh Songs –

Beete Din had one solo –

Arsho Pe Sitaara Hai Woh  – Beete Din (1947)  – Pandit Dinkar Rao  – Pandit Faani / H. Tanveer (?)

Do Dil had two duets with Suraiya, one duet with Rajkumar and three solos of which have picked up only one here –

Jia Beimaan, … Bas Mein Paraye Hai, Ghadi Ghadi Bhar  Aaye Hai – Do Dil – Pandit Govind Ram – D N Madhok

Neel Kamal, which had Raj Kapoor in the lead role, had two duets with Johrabai Ambalewali and one with Hamida Banu. Mukesh had one song in which Mukesh blends with chorus to sing the credit title song for the film –

Shri Kamal Netra Stotram – Neel KamalB Vasudev

Chhin Le Azadi had one duet with Shamshad Begum and Dak Banagla had one duet with Suraiya.

Tohafaa had two duets with Hamida Banu and three solos, of which we have picked up one solo here –

Kisne Chheda Man Ka Taar … – Tohfa – M A Rauf – Shant Aroda

With that we come to the last sections of our circle, the year 1948.

This year we see Mukesh’s presence on a far wider compass of music directors –

Anjuman had a duet with Shamshad Begum and a solo of Mukesh –

Woh Teer  Kaleje Par Ik Shokh Ne Maara Hai – Anjuman – Bulo C Rani – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Ghulam Mohammad composed Grahasthi had one duet with Shamashd Begum., Pugree  had one duet with Sitara (of Kanpur), Ali Husain Muradabad  composed O Jaanewale had two duets with Shamshad Begum., Toote Taare (Shaukat Ali a.k.a Nashad) had two duets with Geeta Roy

Gunjan had two solos, of which we have picked up one:

Koi Din Zindagi Ke Gungunakar Hi Bitata Hai – Gunjan – Ashok Ghosh – Saraswati Kumar Deepak

Pardesi (Ghulam Haider) also had one duet – with Lata Mangeshkar.

Pardesi Mehmaan had one duet with Husn Bano and one solo –

Hoshiyaar Naujawaan Jag Ae Naujawan, Jal Raha Tera Makaan, Jal Raha Tera Hindostan – Pardesi Mehmaan – Hanraj Behl – Pt Indra

HFGK records two songs in Mukesh’s name for Shree Rambhakta Hanuman simply because other records may not have specifically the name of the singer.

Tum Bin Soona Jeevan Mera – Shree Rambhakta Hanuman – SN Tripathi – Pandit Indra/ B D Mishra (?)

Suhaag Raat had one duet with Rajkumai and a solo –

Lakhi Bulbul Mere Kaahe Ko Deenhi VidesSuhaag Raat – Snehal Bhatkar – Ameer Kushro

Veena had three solos, of which we have picked up one:

Mere Sapnon Ki Rani Re – Veena – Anil Biswas – Narendra Sharma https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FGXw4txpz08

The year has Mukesh singing for all three Great of India Hindi Film Triad, for the first time in the same year –

Aag was Raj Kapoor’s maiden directorial venture.

Zinda Hun Is Tarah Ke Gam-e Zindagi Nahin –Aag – Ram Ganguly – Behzad Lakhnavi

In Vidya, Dev Anand teams up with Suraiya. The film had one duet and one solo –

Bahe Na Kabhi Nain Se NeerVidya  – SD Burman – YN Joshi

Dilip Kumar had two films – Anokha Pyar and Mela. The former had Anil Biswas and later had Naushad as music director respectively.

Jeevan Sapna Toot Gaya – Anokha Pyar – Anil Biswas – Zia Sarhadi

This one also had a marvelous Lata Mangeshkar version too.

Mela was a roaring success. It had three duets with Shamshad Begum and a widely popular solo –

Gaaye Ja Geet Milan Ke Sjan Ghar Jaana Hai – Mela – Naushad – Shakeel Badayuni

So…… this is the history of  Mukesh at his vintage best……

We will end our present episode of Vintage Mukesh with a duet in company of vintage Mohammad Rafi –

Jale Jalanewale  Humko Jaise Mombatti  – Chilman (1949)– Mohammed Rafi and Mukesh – Hanuman Prasad – P L Santoshi

If you have songs to share, you are most heartily welcome…..