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Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: July, 2019

Mohammad Rafi’s First Solo Song With The Music Director: 1959 -1960

To commemorate Mohammad Rafi’s anniversaries, [Born: 24 December, 1924// Death: 31 July, 1980] we commenced a series of articles on Mohammad Rafi that essentially tried to bring the solo song of Mohammad Rafi from the first film with the music director.  Beginning 2016, we have taken up one five-year slot every year, in the chronological order, starting from 1944, the year in which Mohammad Rafi sang his maiden solo song in Hindi Films. Till now we have covered 1st Five-Year Period: (1944 -1948) , 2nd Five-Year Period: 1949-1953 and 3rd Five-Year period of 1954 – 1958.

Our purpose is to revisit Mohammad Rafi’s solo songs across the start point of his career till the end. We have been able to cover Mohammad Rafi’s association with around 90 music directors in these first three periods. Presently, we take up the first two years of 4th Five-Year Period 1959-1963. While looking for the first solo song with music director for each of the five years of this Five-Year Period, I have also listed some of the very popular or not-so-popular but quite remarkable songs for the music directors who have already appeared in the past three Five-Year Periods. Most of these songs we remember so well that just three words of the first line of the song is enough for us to create the whole song in our minds. There are some which you love to listen again and re-enjoy the beauty of the song, as I did.

With every passing year, the list of the solo songs with the music directors who already have appeared in the previous periods is swelling up. So even at the cost of digressing from the titled-course of the post, we will take the tour of the very-well known and not-so-known but very-good-to-listen-again songs. The sequence is – name of music director, the film and (the song). I have included here only those films which had one or more songs to take note of, to my liking, of course.

I have followed the name of the films in the alphabetical order while listing the songs in this post.

1959

Noteworthy songs for the year were –

Chitragupta – Barkha (Sur Badle Badle Kaise ) / N Dutta – Dhool Ka Phool (Tu Hindu Banega) / Shankar Jaikishan – Chhoti Bahen (Main Rickshawwala), Love Marriage (Kahan Jaa Rahe The), Shararat (Ajab Hai Dastan) / Vasant Desai – Goonj Uthi Shenai (Kahe Do Koi Na Kare) / S D Burman – Insaan Jaag Utha (Dekho Re Dekho Ajuba), Kagaz Ke Phool (Dekhi Zamane Ki Yaari) / Hans Raj Behl – Sawan (Dekho Bina Sawan),

1959 has (technically) seven (but effectively six) music directors who had the maiden solo song for Mohammad Rafi.  Of these six music directors, two music directors did achieve commercial acknowledgement from the industry.

Kalyanji Virji Shah commenced his career as independent music director in 1958 with ‘Samrat Chandra Gupt’. The film had three Rafi/ Lata duets, but the solo song(s) with Mohammad Rafi came up only in 1959, for two films – Bedard Zamana Kaya Jaane and Ghar Ghar Ki Baat.

Bedard Zamana Kya Jaane – Bedard Zamana Kya Jaane – Lyrics: Bharat Vyas

Mohammad Rafi gets to sing the background song, which is a title song as well.

Uparwale Ne Jaldi Mein Likh Di Meri Taqdeer – Ghar Ghar Ki Baat – Lyrics: Gulshan Bawra

This is a song in a totally different mood.

Kalyanji – Anandji

After having worked solo in some more films like P B No. 999, Chandra Sena etc. Kalyanji Virji Shah teamed up with his younger brother Anandji. The brother duo gradually created their own style of compositions and went on to record many successes, including some of the iconic songs.

Suno Bhai Aankade Ka Dhandha Ek Din Teji  – Satta Bazar – Lyrics: Gulshan Bawra

This is classic Jhonny Walker song.

Usha Khanna

Usha Khanna is another debutant for the year 1959 who scaled peaks in her first foray. She did have a very long active career, which may not fall within the textbook definition of ‘success’ in the Hindi film industry, but she was certainly successful in creating her own space, in an otherwise male dominated domain.

The debut film is Dil Deke Dekho, for which she lined up a slew of Moahhamd Rafi songs, filmed  on Shammi Kapoor. The title song Dil Deke Dekho and other quite popular Bolo Bolo Kuchh To Bolo, Hum Aur Tum Ye Sama and a back-to-back pair of songs Megha Re Bole Chhanan Chhanan- Bade Hai Dil Ke Kale

Rahi Mil Gaye Raho Mein – Dil Deke Dekho – Lyrics: Majrooh Sultanpuri

Usha Khanna very deftly handles an OPNayyar-styled lilting tune, customized to the theatrics of Shammi Kapoor. Usha Khanna’s musical insight can be seen very well in the prelude of the song, wherein Rafi’s alaap is blended with whistling.

Gajanan Karnad

From very sketchy information that I could collect, Gajanan Karnad was an ace violinist and is known as the most-used support violinist fir Hindi film songs recordings. A more strenuous Google search provides a few links to his violin recordings.

Ye Sach Hai Ae Jahanwalo Hamein Jeena Nahi Aaya – Kal Hamara Hai –– Shailendra

There is one more Asha Bhosle mujhra recorded composed by Gajanan Karnad – Irada Katl Ka Hai (Aise Na Dekho Rasiya) – which has several, very distinct accompaniment of tabla

The present song would be a major find for Hind film song fans, in general, and those of Mohammad Rafi, in particular.

The other songs of the film have been composed by Chitragupt.

Bipin Dutta (Datt ?)

Bipin Dutta, and Babul, who have also been assistants to Madan Mohan, have independently paired too, to give some outstanding songs. Bipin Dutta seems to have forayed individually too. Other films to his individual credit are – Diamond King (1961) and Baaghi Shahazada (1964).

Ye Bambai Shahar Ka Bada Naam Hai – Kya Ye Bambai Hai – Lyrics:  Noor Devasi

A Johnny Walker styled song that is filmed on Maruti, who, along with Nishi plays the lead role in the film.

This mundane trivia has, very rightly, any importance today Joy is to relish the half-a-century back Mumbai and the lyrics that highlight Mumbai USPs!

Nirmal Kumar

Hardly any information is available about this music director or the fllm – Lal Nishan.

Teri Nazar Ki Chhabi Ne Khola Dil Ka Tala – Lal Nishan – Lyrics: Anand Baxi

The song has shades of Naam Bade Darshan Khote, in the basic tune and interlude orchestration..

Prem

Here is one more totally obscure name!

Duniya Chala Chali Ka…Do Din Ki Zindagi Hai Is Par Na Phool Pyare – Zimbo Ki Beti –Lyrics: Preetam Dahelvi

Hindi film industry had some very typical fad for certain names – Sindabad, Zimbo etc. are a few such names which were used to make films like ‘Son of ..’ Duaghter of .. ‘ ‘..In town etc.

Mohammad Rafi sings a text-book background song in right earnest.

1960

Some well-known and some still-good-to-listen solo songs of Mohammad Rafi for the year 1960 –

S D Burman – Bombai Ka Babu (Saathi Na Koi Manzil), Kala Bazar (Uparwala Jaan Ke, Khoya Khoya Chand) / Roshan – Babar (Tum Ek Baar Muhabbat Ka), Barsaat Ki Raat (Maine Shayad Pahele Tumhe, Jindagi Bhar Nahi, Mayoos To Hoon) / Ravi – Chaudhvin Ka Chand (Chaudhvin Ka Chand), Ghunghat (Haaye Re Insaan Ki) / Kalyanji Anandji – Chhalia (Gali Gali Sita Roye) / Shankar Jaikishan – Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai (Jaane Kahan Gayi), Ek Phool Char Kante (Tirchhi Nazar Se Na Dekh) / Usha Khanna – Ham Hindustani (Ham Jab Chale To) / Naushad – Kohinoor (Madhuban Mein Radhika), Mughal-e-Azam (Zindabad..Ae Mohabbat Zindabad) / S N Tripathi – Lal Quilla (Lagata Nahi Dil Mera, Na Kisi Ki Ankha Ka) / Chitragupt – Patang (Ye Duniya Patang),

1960 seems to yield only three music directors that fit our basic selection criteria of composing the solo song for Mohammad Rafi for the first time. G S Kohli is a noteworthy name in these three music directors.

G S (Gurusharan Singh) Kohli

A very able tabla-player and music arranger, G S Kohli worked as assistant to O P Nayyar for almost his whole career, even when he had started composing music for films independently. He belongs that class of assistants who could not evolve their own distinctive styles. These music directors could shine for a few songs but could never make their own permanent space, even in the 2nd or 3rd rows.

Pyar Ki Rah Dikha Duniya Ko Roke Jo Nafrat Ki Andhi – Lambe Haath – Lyrics: Anjaan

The song shows all the talent that GS Kohli possessed as music composer. The film has a couple of more Rafi, light-mood, solo songs – Are Bus Mein Nazar Takraai and Sone Jaise Pyar Ko Samaj Liya Tambaa, that would vouch for his versatility as well.

Ramlal Heera Panna

In all probabilities, he is same famous flute and shehnai plyer who once worked with Ram Ganguly in Prthivi thaters. As destiny of Hindi films’ ways are, he kept struggling with C grade mythological films.

Aaj Yahan Kyun Andhkaar..Tera Mera Amar Pyar Hai – Maya Machhindar – Lyrics: Pt. Madhur

Mohammad Rafi gets his usual background song.

T G (Thiruchirappalli Govindarajulu) Ligappa

T G Ligappa was a noted music director who scored music for Tamil, Kannada and Telugu films.

Chhod Chale.. Ram Ayodhya Chhod Chale – Ramayan –Lyrics: Saraswati Kumar ‘Deepak’

This film appears to be the remake of Tamil film. Mohammad Rafi gets to once more sing a background song.

Before we end today’s episode, I am not able to resist temptation to present a recitation song from Barsat Ki Raat (1960).

Kya Gham Jo Andheri Hai Raatein, Kuchh Shamm-e-Tamanna Sath To Hai

I am sure you will be able to feel the shadow of other famous song by Roshan / Sahir combination!

We will continue with the first solo song of Mohammad Rafi for music director(s) for the other three years – 1961, 1962 and 1963 – of the 4th Five-Year Period of 1959 to 1963 in our December 2019 episode.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

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Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: April, 2019

Hasrat Jaipuri – Beyond Shanker Jaikishan: 1956 -1957

Hasrat Jaipuri (born Iqbal Hussain) – B: 15 April 1922 – D: 17 September 1999 – has penned around 2000+ songs for close to 350 films in a fairly long active career as lyricist for the Hindi Films. He has written several books of Hindi and Urdu poetry too.

Just as Hasrat Jaipuri invested his earnings in real estate or rental property, on his wife’s advice and create another independent stream of income, he also prolifically wrote lyrics for music directors other than Shankar Jaikishan. We have been trying to get some of his less heard songs with other music directors on one page in this forum. We commenced the series in 2017 wherein we had covered his songs with other music directors from 1950 to 1953, and then in 2018 the songs from 1953 to 1955. In this episode, we will cover Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs with other music directors for 1956 and 1957. In order to keep our catch-pool wider enough, we have repeated some of the HJ – music director relationship that may have been covered in the earlier episodes as well.

1956

HJ had 19 songs – Basant Bahar (1), Chori Chori (5), Halaku (3), New Delhi (2), Patrani (2), Kismat Ka Khel (2), Rajhath (4) – with Shanker Jaikishan and  11 songs with 6 music directors – Dilli Darabar (S N Tripathi, 4), Insaaf (Chitragupta, 2), Naquabposh (Ramlal, 2), Shailaab (Mukul Roy, 2) and Toofan Aur Diya (Vasant Desai, 1) – in 1956.With Vasant desai this is his second consecutive V. Shantaram film, after Janak Janak Payal Baje in 1955.

Music Director: S N Tripathi

Dilli Darbar – The film has Hasrat Jaipuri’s professional alter ego, Shailendra, as his partner lyricist in this film. It seems that none of three songs of Hasrat Jaipuri are available on YT.

Music Director: Mukul Roy

Film: Sailaab

Sailaab was produced by Mukul Roy, in virtual partnership with Geeta Dutt, her sister, and was directed by Guru Dutt.

Haye Re Haye Re……Baje Dil Ke Taar Kare Pukaar – Lakhsmi Shankar

We have no basis to find out why was the song awarded to Lakshmi Shankar. None the less, the song is very pleasant to listen to.

Jiyara Baat Naahi Maane Re Kisi Ki – Geeta Dutt

The song a is a typical solo a young girl in love that is not spelt out in public, would sing to vent her feelings.

Music Director: Chitragupta

Insaaf is another film for which the song written by Hasrat Jaipuri does seem to have been uploaded on YT.

Music Director: Ramlal

Naqabposh also has the similar fate in so far as Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs are concerned.

Music Director: Vasant Desai

Fim: Toofan Aur Diya

All other songs for this film has been written by Bharat Vyas.

Neegahe Neechi Kiye Haaye … Sar Jhukaye Baithe Ho….Tum Hi Ho Jo Dil Mera Chrauye Baithe Ho…..Dil Tumne Liya Hai Mera Jaan  – Shamshad Begum

The song is essentially a mujhra dance, but the song is based on garaba folk tune. However, use of harmonium pieces helps the song to retain its mujhra dance character. Use a prelude couplet in the song is the tell-tale indication of it being a Hasrat Jaipuri song.

1957

HJ’s score was 5 songs with Shanker Jaikishan – Begunah (3), Kahputili (2) – against which he had written 25 songs for Dattaram (Ab Dilli Door Nahi, 4);  Roshan (Coffee House, 1); O P Nayyar (Johnny Walker, 6); Basant Prakash (Maharani, 3) and (Neelofar, 3) ; N Dutta (Mohini, 2) and (Mr. X, 3); Vinod (Mumtaz Mahal, 3).

Music Director: Dattaram

Film: Ab Dilli Door Nahi

As is well-known, Ab Dilli Door Nahi was the maiden film of Dattaram as independent music director. Hasrat Jaipuri’s Choon Choon Karati Aayi Chidiya (Mohammad Rafi) remains hugely popular even today. Jiyo Laal Mere Tum Lakho Baras (Lata Mangeshkar, chorus) was well-acclaimed among the critics.

Lo Har Cheez Le Lo Zamane Ke Logo, Baharon KI Ham To Ada Bechate Hai – Asha Bhosle, Geeta Dutt, Sidha Malhotra and chorus

The song opens with a HJ-signature prelude couplet Idahr Bhi Ek Nazar Jaanewalo….and then runs into a high-pitched street sale of toys by the young children. Lyrics befit the simplicity of the adolescence of the protagonists and yet have very deep meaning.

Aside:

The child actor who opens the main lines of the song is Amjad Khan.

Bhej Chhanna Chhan Khoob Rupaiyya, Ham Tere Kehlate Hai – Mohammad Rafi, S Balbir

The prelude couplet sets the tone of the song when the protagonist yearns the a fourth of a crore as side-kick gift from the almighty. The song goes on to spell out the details of the application, seriously by presenting in a lighter tone.

Music Director: Roshan

Film: Coffee House

Prem Dhawan was the principal lyricist for the film, however Shailendra and Hasrat jaipuri have got one song each to write in the film.

Tod Diya Dil Tune Sanwariya – Asha Bhosle

The prelude couplet marks the Hasrat Jaipuri’s signature style. The song is drenched in pathos mood, even if set to a quicker rhythm.

Music Director: Basant Prakash

Film, Maharani is one more film for which we do not find Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs on YT, even as all songs, except one, were written by Hasrat Jaipuri.)

Film: Neelofar

The film has two pairs of music directors and lyricists. Basant Prakash has teamed up with Hasrat Jaipuri for three songs and Avinash Vyas has teamed up with Pandit Mathur for two songs.

Nazuk Bahar Hoon, Dil Ka Qarar Hoon Duniya Hai Mujh Pe Nichhar, Laayi Hoon Main Ankhon Mein Pyar – Asha Bhosle

The song is simple dance song, both in terms of simplicity of the lyrics as well as that of the composition.

Naache Dil Mera Chhamma Chhamm…. Meri Aankhon Mein Sanam Hai, Meri Saanson Mein Sanam – Sudha Malhotra

A lilting dance song is set to so-called Arab tune.

Music Director : Vinod

Film: Mumtaz Mahal

Out of the seven songs, one each is written by Pandit Priyadarshi and Kaifi Azmi and the rest five are written by Hasarat Jaipuri. We have picked up only one song here.

Main Dil Ka Saaj Bajata Hoon Chaahat Ke Nagme Gaata Hun – Talat Mahmood –

The song fits the possible feelings that music director, Vinod, may have about the way his own music was treated by the commercial world of Hindi films.

Music Director: N Dutta

Film: Mohini

The film has two HJ songs, of which the video clip of Raat Yeh Bahar Ki Tere Pyaar Ki (Asha, chorus), seems that the video of this song seems to  have been removed on YT and does not seem to have been restored.

Nainon Mein Jhoome Hai Pyar Savariya – Asha Bhosle

The HJ-signature prelude couplet has been very cleverly used as an opening gambit to draw the initial attention of the king. The song then goes on as dance recital wherein the lady engages the attention to put forth her love.

Film: Mr. X

Mr. X had Ashok Kumar in the lead role, but the film was a thriller in which the hero becomes invisible. The film had as many as four lyricists – Majrooh Sultanpuri, Tanvir Naqvi, Bharat Vyas all had one song each whereas Hasrat Jaipuri had three songs. We have picked up two representative songs here…

Mein Pyar Ki Laila Hoon , Paogi Na Tum Aisi, Ye Chand Bhi Deewana, Surat Hai Meri Aisi  – Manna Dey, Sudha Malhotra

In this duet, it is the lady-love who praises her own beauty for which even Moon is jealous. The poor love musters up courage to reply in the second stanza only. He goes on add to her praise and in the process is ready to throw away all the trivia of the worldly pleasures.

Sadke Tere Chaal Ke’ Kajara Vajra Dal Ke, Jaanewali Aana Kabhi Yaar Ki Gali – Mohammad Rafi, Geeta Dutt

A very playful duet wherein the lady love is lavished with all top-of-the-head -sounding praises by her beauty-and-style infested lover. The lady love also takes the praise in her stride with a chin-up demur.

Music Director: O P Nayyar

Film: Johnny Walker

This is a full-scale film in so far as role of Hasrat Jaipuri as lyricist is concerned. O P Nayyar is also in his usual full flow.

Thandi Thandi Hawa Pooche Unka Pata – Geeta Dutt, Asha Bhosle.

The present song is filmed on Shyama and Sheila Vaaz. This is one of the two duets by Asha Bhosle and Geeta Dutt in the film – Jhuki Jhuki Pyar Ki Nazar Dekhe Unhe

We will leverage the advantage of having Mohammad Rafi’s ssongs in the film to maintain our tradition of ending the episode with Mohammad Rafi songs.

Ae Dil Tu Na Dar Is Jahan Se…– Mohammad Rafi

Mohammad Rafi is in his full Johnny-Walker style in the song.

Muh Se Mat Laga  Dekh Zaraa Cheez Hai Buri – Mohammad Rafi, Manna Dey

Mouhamad Rafi and Manna Dey have joined to sings duets across a variety of moods and genre. Her we have one of the finest Raf-Manna Dey duets in a very light situation.

We will continue our journey of Hasrat Jaiuri’s songs for other music directors in our next episode.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.