S N Tripathi: Unremembered music director of remembered songs
There would hardly be anyone who may need reminding these songs:
- Parwar Digar-E-Alam Tera Hi Hai Sahara Tere Siva Jahan Mein Koi Nahin Hamara – Hatimtai (1956)
- Aa Laut Ke Aaja Mere Meet Tujhe Mere Geet Bulate Hain – Rani Roopmati (1957)
- Zara Saamne To Aao Chhaliye, Chhoop Chhoop Chalane Mein Kya Raaj Hai – Janam Janam Ke Phere (1957)
- Na Kisi Ki Aankh Ka Noor Hoon – Lal Quilla (1960)
- Lagta Nahi Hai Dil Mera Ujade Dayar Mein – Lal Quilla (1960)
- Hey Natraj … Gangadhar Shambho….Bholenath Jay Ho – Sangeet Samrat Tansen (1962)
- Sapt Suran Teen Gram Unanchaas Koti Taan – Sangeet Samrat Tansen (1962)
But, perhaps it may need some recalling that these songs were by composed by S N (Shree Nath) Tripathi . That is because, ironically even as the songs are remembered, the films have faded out of memories. So, perhaps the name of S N Tripathi -14 March 1913 | 28 March 1988 – who has composed music for almost 250 films, he also acted in some 200 films, directed 39 films and even written screenplays for around 37 films. The destiny in its own weird wisdom chose to keep S N Tripathi in the fringe orbits of the Hindi Film Music world.
He joined the film world as a violinist in 1936. He then was appointed assistant to Sarswati Devi. The first song that he sang was Ae Re Daiya Lachak Lachak Chalo (Jeevan Naiya, 1936) for Ashok Kumar on the screen. This, incidentally, was the maiden film of Ashok Kumar too. S N Tripathi’s maiden film as a music director was Chandan(1936). The film, unfortunately, was released in 1941 only.
Nanha Sa Dil Deti Hoon – Chandan(1941) -Rajkumari, SN Tripathi – Lyrics: Pt. Indra Chandra
For our present episode we will explore some of the S N Tripathi’s songs up to 1950.
The first film that is said to have given recognition to S N Tripathi was Panghat (1943).
Panghat Ke Ghaayalon Ka Panght Hi Thikana – Panghat (1943) – S N Tripathi – Lyrics: Pt. Indra Chandra
Here is the song that itself should have settled any and all debates about S N Tripathi’s versatility. He has acted, sung and composed this very light ‘bath-room’ song, and done so with great flare and even greater finesse.
Aayi Baloonwaali Aayi Re – Aadhaar (1945) – Geeta Dutt and S N Tripathi – Lyrics: M A Razi
Geeta Dutt was just 14 when she sang this song.
Aise Na Hamein Chhedo, Aise Na Satao, Kuchch Sun Lo Hamari – Ramayani (1945) – Rajkumari, Pahari Sanyal –
HFGK has not specified the singers. From the star cast of the film we can deduce that Rajkumari ought to have playedback for Nargis. The film was a social drama. Listening Rajkumari in a very light romantic song is great pleasure.
Laaj Bhare… In Nainan Mein… Adhik Sudha Bharo Na.. – Uttara Abhimanyu (1946) – Ashok Kumar – Lyrics: Roopdas, Saraswati Kumar Deepak (?)
Ashok Kumar association with S N Tripathi seems to bond very strongly. It is said that it was SN Tripathi who trained the novice voices of Ashok Kumar and Devika Rani for the song “Mein Ban Ki Chidiya Ban Ke Ban Ban Doloon Re for ‘Achhoot Kanyaa’ in 1936 under the baton of Saraswati Devi. The present song can also be considered as unique. HFGK records that this song is a pure playback by Ashok Kumar, possibly for Shahu Modak on the screen,.
Sola Singaar Main Sajaaungi.. Piya Ko Rijhaaungi – Panihari (1946) – Shanta Apte – Lyrics: Pt. Indra, Rammurty, Brajendra Gaud (?)
The poster of the film loudly proclaims: “Here she is ! New Shanta in a gay romance!” This song perhaps aptly translates the intention…..
Beet Chali Barkha Rut Site, Sudh Na Mili Tumhaari – Shree Ram Bhakta Hanuman (1948) – Mukesh – Lyrics: B D Mishra
We now seem to see an inadvertent, but unfortunate type-casting of S N Tripathi into mythological films. So was the hero who sings the song on the screen – Trilok Kapoor, who incidentally is the younger brother of Prithviraj Kapoor. Additionally, S N Tripathi also got cast into roles of Hanumaan as well!
Aao Sakhi Mangal Gao Ki Subh Din Aaye Re – Veer Ghatotkach (1949) – Saroj, Shanti Sharma – Lyrics: Ramesh Joshi
Here is playful song, filmed on a very young Meena Kumari.
Ashok Kumar or Meena Kumari did not get typed into mythological B class films, but S N Tripathi did !
Ek Naya Sanasaar Sajao, Aaj Khushi Ka Din Aaya – Veer Ghatotkach (1949)- Rohini Roy, Yahwant Bhatt and Chorus – Lyrics: Moti B. A.
Arun Kumar Deshmukh has narrated some of the history of one the singers – Yashwant Bhatt – of the song in this post.
1950 film Saudamini was a social film. The songs of the film were quite melodious and ought to have caught the attention of the fans at that time.But, perhaps not enough to turn the tide away from the mythology as afar as S N Tripathi was concerned.
Kaali Koyal Bole Matwali Koyal Bole Re – Saudamini (1950) – Mohan Tara Talpade – Lyrics: Anjum Pilibhiti
S N Tripathi has tried every possible trick to infuse variety into his songs in a social-theme film by selecting different playback singers.
Kaali Kaali Badli Chaayi Saawan Ki Ritu Aayi – Saudamini (1950) – Geeta Roy (Dutt)
Geeta Roy is at her usual vintage mellifluous self..
Kaali Ghata Hat Gayi Neel Gagan Mein Nikala Chand Hai – Saudamini (1950) – Chitragupt –
As the adequate information is not available, one may not be able to definitively state whether Chitragupt was assisting S N Tripathi for this film or not. In any case, however, the fact that S N Tripathi has experimented with Chitragupt’s voice speaks for his spirit of experimentation.
Dukh Dard Bhare Dil Ka Kahe Kisko Fasana – Saudamini (1950) – Uma Devi
For a sad song S N Tripathi has so effectively used voice of Uma Devi.
Jawani Chaand Salona Chamake Aur Choop Jaye – Saudamini (1950) – Mohammad Rafi, Zoharabai Ambalewali and chorus
Rafi commences first antara with a different beat than that of Mukhada before Zohra switches to the original tempo at the end of the anatara.
Surya Dev Dinesh Hey Mam Baar Baar Pranaam Ho -Shree Ganesh Mahima (1950)
Records do not amply state whether the song is also sang by S N Tripathi himself, which he certainly acts on the screen. The song is a rare prayer addressed to Surya, The Sun god.
We will end our present episode with the song that has the credit of being the first ever duet of Mohammad Rafi and Geeta Dutt, a wonderfully crafted song using chorus:
Jai Hind Yeh Hind Ki Kahniyan – Manasarovar (1946) – Lyrics: Saraswatikumar Deepak
We will continue our search for Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..
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