To commemorate Mohammad Rafi’s anniversaries, [Born: 24 December, 1924// Death: 31 July, 1980] we commenced a series of articles on Mohammad Rafi that essentially tried to bring the solo song of Mohammad Rafi from the first film with the music director. Beginning 2016, we have taken up one five-year slot every year, in the chronological order, starting from 1944, the year in which Mohammad Rafi sang his maiden solo song in Hindi Films. Till now we have covered
- 1st Five-Year Period : 1944 -1948 ,
- 2nd Five-Year Period : 1949-1953, and
- 3rd Five-Year period : 1954 – 1958.
For the 4th Five Year period of 1959 to 1963, we have heard Mohammad Rafi’s maiden solo songs for the years 1959-1960 and 1961 this year. Presently, we take up the last two years – 1962 and 1963 – of the 4th Five-Year Period.
As the journey progresses into the ‘60s, we a see trend of more songs under the category of ‘popular songs for the year’ than compared to the ‘first-solo’ one. If there is a systematic study of new music directors coming in in a given year, then such a conclusion can be corroborated. Till then, we will take this as an untested hypothesis.
For the year 1962, we have 64 solo songs of Mohammad Rafi.
We will first take up the songs that had become popular for the year:
Roshan – Aarti (Ab Kya Misaal DooN), Vallah Kya Baat Hai (Gam-e-Hasi Se Bagana Hota) | Ravi – Apna Banake Dekho (Raaz-e-Dil Unse Chuupaya Na Gaya); Bombay Ka Chor (Hai Bahar-e-Baag-e-Duniya Chand Roz); China Town (Baar Bar Dekho); Raakhi (Bandha Hua Ek Ek Dhaage Mein Bhai Behan Ka Pyar, Ya Meri Manzil Bata Ya Zindgi Ko Chheen Le)| Shankar Jaikishan – Asli Naqli (Chheda Mere Dil Ne Tarana, Gori Zara Has De Tu, Ek Putal Banaunga, Kal Ki Daulat Aaj Ki Duniya); Dil Tera Diwana (Dhadakane Lagata Hai Mera Dil, Nazar Bachake Chale Gaye Ho); Professor ( Ae Gulbadan, Khuli Palak Mein Zootha Gussa) } S D Burman – Baat Ek Raat Ki (Akela HuN Main); | O P Nayyar – Ek Musafir Ek Haseena (Hum Ko Tumhare Ishq Ne, Mujhe Dekh Kar Aapka Muskurana); | N Dutta – Gyara Hazar LadkiyaN (Dil Ki Tamanna Thi, Mere Maheboob Mere Saath Chalana Hoge Tujhe) | Chitragupt – MaiN Chup Rahungi (Main Kaun HuN , Khush Raho Aele Chaman); Main Shaadi Karane Chala (Koi Bura Kahe Ya Kahe Bhala Main Shaadi Karane Chala); | Babul – Naqli Nawab (Chheda Jo Dil Ka Tarana, Tum Puchhate Ho Ishq Bhala Hai Ke Nahi) | Naushad – Son of India (Zindagi Aaj Mere Naam Se)
For the year, we have only two music directors composing maiden solo song for Mohammad Rafi. One of these is from the South remake genre and the other one belongs to ‘Only-One Rafi-song’ club..
S M Subbaiah Naidu
S M Subbiah Naidu, a.k.a SMS, (15 March 1914 – 26 May 1979) was a South Indian composer, conductor, and orchestrator. He was one of the oldest music directors. He was a favourite music director M G Ramchandran.
Sona Re Bhaiya Sona Re – Humein Bhi Jeene Do– Lyrics: Saraswati Kumar Deepak
The film is remake of Tamil film, featuring M G Ramchandran and B Saroja Devi
YT link for the song is not yet available.
From All the available records, Sudarshan has composed music for only this film – Mall Road.
Jaam Chal Ne Ko Hai Sab Ahel-e- Nazar Baithe Hai – Mall Road –Dabalish
A well-composed ‘drunkard’ song that freely deploys Mohammad Rafi’s theatrics to full use.
Padhe Likhe Kuch Khak Nahin Par Naam Hai Mister Y – Mall Road –Lyrics: Dabalish
Lyrics and composition indicates that song must have been filmed on a comedy artist of the film.
Are Bus Mein Nazar Takrai – Mall Road – Lyrics: Dabalish
The composition is alin to some of the O P Nayyar compositions. Nonetheless the song comes out a worth-listening-to song.
We see 102 solo songs of Mohammad Rafi in 1963. Even the songs that had become popular is also relatively a larger proportion both in number of songs as well as the range of music directors Interestingly it is Ravi who takes a lion’s share in these song this year. On a closer look, we also can observe that there are more of background songs in this list.
Ravi – Aaj Aur Kal (Itni Haseen Itni Jawan Raat, Ye Wadiyan Ye Fizayein Bula Rahi Hai Tumhe); Bharosa (Ye Juke Juke Naina, Is Bhari Duniya Mein); Gehra Daag (Aaj Udata Hua Ek Panchhi, Bhagwan Ek Qasoor Ki); Kaun Apna Kaun Paraya (Kaun Apana Kaun Paraya, Zara Sun Haseena-e-Naznin); Mulzim (Deewana Kah Ke Mujhe Aaj Pukariye, Sang Sang Rahenge Tumhare); Nartaki (Zindagi Ke Safar Mein Akele The Hum); Pyar Kiya To Darna Kya (Jan-e-Bahaar Husn Tera Lajwab Hai, Zindagi Kya Hai Gam Ka Dariya Hai); UstadoN Ke Ustad (Sau Bar Janam Lenge); Ye Raaste Hai Pyar Ke (Tum Jis Pe Nazar Dalo, Koi Mujhse Puchhe Ke Tum Mere Kya Ho) | Kalyanji Anandji – Bluff Master (Govinda Ala Re); Phool Bane Angare (Watan Pe Jo Fida hoga) | Shankar Jaikishan – Dil Ek Mandir (Yaad Na Jaaye Beete Dino Ki); Humrahi (Dil Tu Bheega, Ye Ansoo Mere Dil Ki Zubaan Hai); | Dattaram – Jab Se Tumhe Dekha Hai (Hum Aap Ki Mahefil Mein Bhule Se Chale Aaye) | Jaidev – Kinare Kinare (Teri Tasveer Bhi Tujh Jaisi Haseen Hai); Mujhe Jeene Do (Ab Koi Gulshan Na Ujade) | N Dutta – Mere Armaan Mere Sapne (Duniya Mein Aaya Hai To, Tera Aana Bhi Dhokha Tha) | Naushad – Mere Maheboob (Mere Maheboob Tujhe, Ae Husn Jara Jaag Tujhe Ishq Jagaye, Tumse Izahar-e-Haal Kar Baithe) | S D Burman – Meri Surat Teri Ankhen (Nache Man Mora Magan Tikra Dheegi Dhegi); Tere Ghar Ke Samne (Dil Ka Bhanwar Kare Pukar, Tu Kahan Ye Bata, Sun Le Tu Dil Sada) | OP Nayyar – Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hun (Banda Parawar Tham Lo Jigar, Anchal Mein Saja Lena KaliyaN, LakhoN Hai Naigahon Mein) | Ramlal – Sehra (Taqdeer Ka Fasana) | Roshan – Taj Mahal (Jo Baat Tujh Mein Hai)
We have a highly interesting mix of music directors this year to compose the first solo for Mohammad Rafi – two pairs, of which one could not rise to their promise and the other scaled Evesrtian peak, and the third on one is the most respected classical music personality.
Sapan (Sengupta) Jagmohan (Bakshi)
Even though these two individually came to Bombay (as it was then known) in early ‘50s, their first released music directed film could come up in 1963 only. Fairly reasonable acceptance of Begaana songs did not bring their next assignment soon enough – which in fact was Zimbo Finds a Son (1966). Later, they did spark in BR Ishara’s films (Main To Har Mod Pe Tujhko Dunga Sada – Mukesh – Chetna), Sapan Jagmohan have also gone down the history of Hindi Film Music as highly talented, well-remembered, but not successful music directors.
Phir Wo Bhoolisi Yaad Aayi Hai – Begaana – Lyrics: Shailendra
Like several other maiden associations that Mohammad Rafi had with the upcoming music directors, presently he lends that extra yard to the launch of high-profile set-up of the music director’s career.
Pt. Ravishankar’s association with Hindi film music direction dates back to 1946 with Chetan Anand’s Neecha Nagar’ and K A Abbas’s ‘Dharati Ke Lal’. He then had another extremely well received score for Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s Anuradha (1960). After Go Daan (1963), wherein we have two Mohammad Rafi songs, he worked for Gulzar’s Meera (1979).
Holi Khelat Nandlal Biraj Mein – Go Daan – Lyrics: Anjaan
Strictly not an exclusively a Mohammad Rafi solo, the song brings out Mohammad Rafi at his one of the very best.
Pipava Ke Patwa Sareekhe Dole Manwa – Go Daan – Lyrics: Anjaan
We have one more gutsy folk song. Rafi lives up the joy of protagonist’s return to his native village for a well-earned leave.
Interestingly, both these songs were lip-synced by Mehmood on the screen.
Laxmikant (Shantaram Kudalkar: 1937–1998) Pyarelal (Ramprasad Sharma: 1940- )
Laxmikant Pyarelal started their career with many B and C grade films, even when they had their first of the seven Filmfare awards for Dosti (1964) Their music did shine out in these films. They grew from strength to strength with every film, to record scores for 635 films in their 35-year career. Their score for Mohammad Rafi songs is a hefty 388 songs, which is the highest for Mohammad Rafi’s songs with any music director.
Roshan Tumhi Se Duniya Ronak Tumhi Jahan Ki – Parasmani – Lyrics: Indeevar
Parasmani, a mythological film, is listed as the maiden film for which LP duo composed music as an independent team.
Ustad Zakir Hussain has played tabla for the song.
The present song can be considered a high benchmark, against which LP’s all other Mohammad Rafi solo songs can be evaluated.
In fact, in my personal opinion, LP have never been able to breach this landmark in their career, even as they have some very successful Mohammed Rafi solos, except, perhaps Jaanewale Jara Mud Ke Dekho Mujhe and Chahunga Main Tujhe Saanj Savere (Dosti, 1964).
Dharam Ki Khaatir Bik Gaya Raja – Harshchandra Taramati – Lyrics: Pradeep
LP use Mohammad Rafi’s vocal strength in this background song.
We continue our journey of Mohammad Rafi’s first solo song with a music director next year with the 5th Five-Year Period of 1964-1969
All three episodes of the 4th Five Year Period of Mohammad Rafi’s First solo with a Music director : 1959 – 1963 can be downloaded as one file by clicking on the link.