“The Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @ SoY – MY Top Music Director(s)

Having gone through the exercise of micro-reviewing the songs  for the six years – in this case from 1955 backwards to the present 1948 – I have observed that the task of choosing MY TOP of Music director every year has become more tough as year goes down. That is mainly because older I go into the timeline, less I was found conversant with either the film itself or the context in which the song was played (situational context vs.song composition relevance) or even the popularity /approval of the film’s song as a whole from listeners  / critics respectively.

So, I kept on devising some or other tests to come up with rational judgement to moderate my inherent biases.

The first of such test is the logo picture posted by SoY at the very opening of the overview post, which invariably places six films in the frame. For the present case, ‘Best songs of 1948: And the winners are?’, Naushad has two films – Mela and Anokhi Ada whereas Anil Biswas (Anokha Pyar), C Ramchandra (Nadiya Ke Paar), Ram Ganguli (Aag) and Ghulam Hiader (Shaheed) have one film each.

I then run through posts relating to Male Solos, Female Solos and Duets to make amental note of music directors whose songs continues to strike chord even now. I observe that Naushad’s songs in Anokhi Ada and Mela or Anil Biswas’s songs in Anokha Pyar, Gajre and Veena, those of C Ramchandra in Nadiya Ke Paar and Khidk’ or those of Husnlal-Bhagatram in Pyar Ki Jeet or certainly Ghulam Haider in Shaheed, to a great extent Ram Ganguly in Aag or Khemchand Prakash in Ziddi standout for the everlasting songs. For the year, Ghulam Mohammad in Grihasthi and Pugree, or Shyam Sundar in Actress have also pitched in well.

Then I have out the songs that appeared in the respective category of MY Top listings. The number of songs composed by differenet music directors appears as given herebelow:

Music Director Male Solos Female solos Duets Total SoY

Total

Hansraj Behl 1 1
Husnlal Bhagatram 1 2 3 3
Naushad 1 1 2 4 10
Ram Ganguly 1 1 1 3 2
Anil Biswas 1 3 1 5 1
S D Burman 1 1 1 3 1
Khemchand Prakash 1 1 1 3 2
Ghulam Haider 1 1 2 3
Avinash Vyas 1 1
C Ramchandra 1 1 2 3
Snehal Bhatkar 1 1 1

If we place the results of the Total in the descending order, then Anil Biswas comes at the top, followed by Naushad and then Husnlal Bhagatram, S D Burman, Khemchand Prakasha and Ram Ganguly share the next spot, followed by Ghulam Haider and C Ramchandra.

Apart from the simple quantitative perspective, one of the most noteworthy feature of Ghulam Haider’s songs in Shaheed and those of C Ramchandra in Nadiya Ke Paar is that they have used relatively not very popular singers like Surinder Kaur or Lalita Deulkar for a very popular heroin Kamini Kaushal. And yet the songs did attain very high acceptance- both the by the critics as well as by the listing public in general.

SoY, @ Best songs of 1948: Final Wrap Up 4, also adopted a smilar matric for quantifying the process of evaluating the share of different music directors in the Top lsting of songs under different categories. The last column in the foregoing table reflects the Total score. Based on this evaluation The Songs of Yore Award for the Best Music Director of 1948 has been conferred on Naushad.

How would have you analyzed the Songs of 1948?

I am sure you will certainly join me to take up a similar detailed Micro View when SoY takes up 1947 next in this Best songs of year series.

P.S.

All the posts that have appeared on this subject can now be accessed form one file @ The Songs of 1948 @SoY

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“The Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @ SoY – My Top Duets

I do seem to have a predominant bias for liking the Duets. Considering the motivation that such a bias would generate, I did try hard to look beyond the obvious choices of the duets for including them in this list. It seems the proximity that too frequent listening of some of the songs all these years across all the media playing platforms like radio, records, tapes, CDs or internet was too deeply etched to overcome the force of this motivation.

Given this bias, I present the choice of MY TOP duet songs for 1948, in no particular order:

Mukesh + Lata MangeshkarAb Yaad Na Kar Bhool Ja Aye Dil Wo Fasana – Anokha Pyar – Anil Biswas – Shums Azimabadi

OR its other version, as well:

Mukesh + Meena Kapoor Ab Yaad Na Kar Bhool Ja Aye Dil Wo Fasana – Anokha Pyar – Anil Biswas – Shums Azimabadi

Mukesh + Shamshad BegumDharati Ko Akash Pukare Aaja Aaja Prem Dware – Mela – Naushad – Shakeel Badayuni

Mukesh + Suraiya  –Laayee Khushi Ki Duniya Hansati Hui Jawani – Vidya – S D Burman – Anjum Pilibhiti

Mohammad Rafi + Lalita Deulkar  – More Raja Ho Le Chal Nadiya Ke Paar – Nadiya Ke Paar – C Ramchandra – Moti B A

Shamshad Begum + SurendraKyun Unhe Dil Diya, Haye Ye Kya Kiya – Anokhi Ada – Naushad – Shakeel Badayuni

Shamshad Begum + ShaileshKahi Ka Deepak KAhin Ki Baati, AAj Mile Hai Jeevan Saathi – Aag – Ram Ganguli – Saraswati Kumar Deepak

Shamshad + Geeta RoyMeri Dhadakano Mein Sakhi Kaun Samaya – Suhag Raat – Snehal – Kedar Sharma

Mohammad Rafi, Khan Mastana, ChorusWatan Ki Raah Mein Watan Ke Naujawan Shaheed Ho – Shaheed – Ghulam Haider – Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

Mohammad Rafi, Chitalkar, G M Sajan, ChorusAji Khushiyan Manae Na Kyon Hum , Ham Kise Se Kyun Dare, Kismat Hamare Sath Hai, Jalanewale Jalanewale Jala Kare – Khidki – C Ramchandra – P L Santoshi,  and  its equally popular all-female version – by Shamshad Begum, Lata Mangeshkar, and Mohan Tara, too

If do not make a little conscious effort to go beyond the obvious, MY THE TOP DUET song for 1948 would easily be:

Watan Ki Raah Mein Watan Ke Naujawan Shaheed Ho (Shaheed – Mohammad Rafi, Khan Mastana, Chorus  – Ghulam Haider – Raja Mahendi Ali Khan).

If I add a Male-Female Duet too, here then that would be:

Kyun Unhe Dil Diya, Haye Ye Kya Kiya  (Anokhi Ada – Shamshad Begum + Surendra – Naushad – Shakeel Badayuni)

SoY has also voted for Kyun Unhe Dil Diya, Haye Ye Kya Kiya as the Best Duet of 1948 in the sum post Best songs of 1948: Wrap Up 3.

We will sum up our Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @SoY in our next episode with the post MY TOP Music Director.

P.S.:

All the duet songs presented through different posts on Micro View of the Duet Songs of 1948 @SoY are available @Duet Songs” .

The Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @ SoY – The Duets – Male-Male Duet & Triads, Triads+ Songs

Male-Male Duet Songs

While remaining an essential variant of the duets, male-male duets has neither been a popular format nor been an easy one to compose. We have only two male-male duets for the year, essentially with chorus support.

Mohammad Rafi, Khan Mastana, ChorusWatan Ki Raah Mein Watan Ke Naujawan Shaheed Ho – Shaheed – Ghulam Haider – Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

Mukesh, Shailesh, ChorusRab Mere Araj Sun Meri, Sharan Ab Teri – Aag – Ram Ganguli – Saraswatikumar ‘Dipak’

Triads, Triads+

1948 has quite a fairly large selection of triads or triad+ songs. All of the songs that could be listed form HFGK do not have digital link on the most of the otherwise rich reference platforms.

Popular TRiad Song

Mohammad Rafi, Chitalkar, G M Sajan, ChorusAji Khushiyan Manae Na Kyon Hum , Ham Kise Se Kyun Dare, Kismat Hamare Sath Hai, Jalanewale Jalanewale Jala Kare – Khidki – C Ramchandra – P L Santoshi

Its all female version – by Shamshad Begum, Lata Mangeshkar, and Mohan Tara – was equally popular.

Other Triads, Triads+ Songs

Shamshad Begum, Lata Mangeshkar, Unidentified voiceHello Hello Gentleman, Milate Nahi Kyun Ham Se Nain – Actress – Shyam Sundar- Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

Moahammad Rafi, Chitalkar, Shamshad BegumAji Mera Bhi Koi Haal Suno,.. – Khidki – C Ramchandra – P L Santoshi

Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Roy, ChitalkarTere Bina Suna Suna, Man Ka Mera Anagana  – Khidki – C Ramchandra – P L Santoshi

Suraiya, Surinder Kaur, Meena KapoorKabhi Panabhat Pe Aaja Mere Sapno Ke Raja – Pyra Ki Jeet – Husnlal Bhagatram – Rajendra Krishna

Suraiya, Surinder Kaur, Meena KapoorRut Rangeeli Hai, Suhani Raat Hai, Tum Chale Aao To Kya Baat Hai  – Pyar Ki Jeet – Husnlal Bhagatram – Rajendra Krishna

Mohammad Rafi, Shamshad Begum, Sulochana  Kadam  – Chalo Jamuna Ke Paar – Lal Dupatta – Gyan Dutt – ?

Chitalkar, Lalita Deulkar, P Chandar, S L PuriKathawa Ke Nayaa Banaihe Hai Re Malhawa, Nadiya Ke Paar Tej Dhar– Nadiya Ke Paar – C Ramchandra – Moti B A

We will take up the concluding part of the Duet Songs of 1948 in our next episode.

The Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @ SoY – The Duets – Female Female Duets

When I sort-listed female-female duets for 1948 from HFGK, the number worked out to be reasonably large. However, I could not find digital soft version on the net for almost half of them. Therefore, the songs that I could find YT link can be taken as fairly well-known to those who have good knowledge and interest of vintage era songs. From the perspective of my limited knowledge and interest of the songs of that era, I also found listening to these songs quite interesting.

Shamshad Begum + Geeta RoyOh Gori Tera Banka Chhaiya Jeet Ke Aaya Jang – Actress – Shyam Sundar – Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

Shamshad Begum + Geeta RoyAnkhon Ankhon Mein Dil Se Dil Ki Baat Kah Gaye – Actress – Shyam Sundar –

Amirbai Karanataki + RajkumariBasant Chhaya Charon Aur, Ho Chhaya Charon Aur – Amar Prem – Datta Thakor – Mohan Mishra, M A

Shamshad Begum + Geeta RoyPyari Tera Mera Mera Tera Pyar – Anjuman – Bulo C Rani – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Lata Mangeshkar + Ira NagarathAye Dil Meri Wafa Mein Koi Kasar Nahi Hai – Anokha Pyra – Anil Biswas – Shams Azimabadi

Geeta Roy  + Sulochana KadamChanda Ki Chandani Hai  Mauj Hai Bahar Mein – Chanda Ki Chandani – Gyan Dutt – D N Madhok

Shamshad Begum  + Johrabai AmbalewaliBaag Mein Koyaliya Yahi Gaye Re – Ghar Ki Izzat – Pt. Govind Ram – Ishwar Chandra Kapoor

Shamshad Begum + HamidaO Motorwali Chhori, Dil Leja Chori Chori – Grihasthi – Gulam Mohammad – Shakeel Badayuni

Shamshad Begum + Surinder KaurMeri Phool Bagiya Mein Aayee Hai, Lo Aayee Hai – Lal Dupatta – Gyan Dutt – Manohar Khanna

Lata Mangeshkar + Geeta RoyGori Sakhiyon Se Akhiyan Churay Rahi Hai – Majboor – Gulam Haider – Najim Panipat

Geeta Roy + RajkumariRoom Zoom Matwale Kale Badal Chhaa Gaye, Balam Ji Teri Yaad Dila Gaye – Suhag Raat – Snehal – Kedar Sharma

Geeta Roy + RajkumariBaaji Mori Payal Thunnak Thunnak Suno Ye Sandeshva – Suhag Raat – Snehal – Kedar Sharma

Geeta Roy + RajkumariKis Paapi Sang Ulazi Akhiyan Haye Akhiyan Maine Ro Ro Gavayee – Suhag Raat – Snehal – Kedar Sharma

Shamshad + Geeta RoyMere Dil Ki Dhadakano Mein Sakhi Kaun Aa Samaya – Suhag Raat – Snehal – Kedar Sharma

We will take up male-male duets and triads & triads+ in our next episode.

The Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @ SoY – The Duets – Male Female Duets – Other Male Playback Singers [2]

In continuing our journey of Micro View of Male Female Duets of Other than Mukesh and Mohammad Rafi, we will take up second set of the duet songs today.

Popular Duet Song

Kishore Kumar + Lata MangeshkarYe Kaun Aaya Re Hai Kar Ke Solah Sigar – Ziddi –  Khemchand Prakash – Prem Dhawan

The song has got fame as the first duet of Kishore Kumar and Latamangeshkar.

Other Duet Songs

G M Durrani + Lata MangeshkarKhamosh Fasana HaimDuniya Se Chhupake Chhupake – Heer Ranjha – Aziz Khan – Vali Sahab

G M Durrani, Rajkumari, Johrabai AmbalewaliEk Dil Tera Ek Dil Mera – Pt. Hanuman Prasad

HFGK records this as two songs, one a duet by G M Durrani and Rajkumari and the other a parody song by Johrabai, G M Durrani and Chorus.

Shankar Dasgupta + Miss ParvezAy Dil Abhi Tu Sabar Kar Teri Bhi Baari Aayegi – Ham Bhi Insaan Hai – H P Das, Manna Dey – G S Nepali

Allaudin  + Shamshad BegumSawan Ke Din Aaye Balama Sawan Ke Din Aaye Hai – Kaajal – Ghulam Mohammad, D  N Madhok /  Shakeel Badayuni (?)

Ram Kamlani + Joharabai Mere Dil Ka Phate Nahi Kahi Atom Bomb – Lal Dupatta – Gyan Dutt – D N Madhok

Karan Diwan + Shamshad BegumMujhe Jaane Tum Se Pyar Kyon Hai – Mitti Ke Khilone – Bulo C Rani / Hans Raj Behl (?) – B R Sharama

Ram Kamlani + Surinder KaurChori Chori Mori Atariya Aa Ja Re – Nao – Gyan Dutt – D N Madhok

Krishna Goyal + Meena KapoorBalam Mohe Man Se Na Apne Bhoolana – Raees – Manohar Arora _ Kaisar Sabai

Suresh+ SuraiyaRootho Na Tum Bahar Mein, Mausam-e-Khushgawar Mein – Rang Mahal – K Datta+ V Balsara (?) – ShivKumar

Ram Kamlani + Shamshad BegumHamari Baat Ka Kyon Tum Ko Aitbar Nahi – Rangeen Zaman – Pt. Govind Ram – Pt. Fani

We will take up micro view of Female Female Duets of 1948 in our next episode.

The Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @ SoY – The Duets – Male Female Duets – Other Male Playback Singers [1]

We will now take up Male-Female Duets Song of male singers other than Mukesh and Mohammad Rafi. Individually, none of these singers have duet songs that may compare with the numbers of Mukesh or Mohammad Rafi. But collectively, these duets present a rainbow of many shades of music directors and combinations of male and female playback singers of vintage and the coning-golden-years era.

The first stage selection of such songs from HFGK has yielded a bountiful numbers that would very respectfully measure up to the numbers of duets that have been rendered by both Mukesh and Mohammad Rafi put together. Many of the songs do not have internet soft link till now. But th eons that I could find would certainly provide a tremendous mix of the vintage era style of orchestration and singing justaposed with golden era style orchestration and singing.

[1]

Shamshad Begum + SurendraKyun Unhe Dil Diya, Haye Ye Kya Kiya – Anokhi Ada – Naushad – Shakeel Badayuni

Suraiya + G M DurraniKyon Dil Mein Mere Base Hue Ho, Tum Kaun Ho Kya Ho – Aaj Ki Raat – Husnlal Bhagatram – Rajendra Krishna

Suraiya + G M Durrani  – Mere Aansoo Meri Hasraton Meri Zindagi Ko Yah Kya Hua – Aaj Ki Raat – Husnlal Bhagatram – Rajendra Krishna

Shamshad Begum + ShaileshKahin Ka Deepak KAhin Ki Baati, AAj Mile Hai Jeevan Saathi – Aag – Ram Ganguli – Saraswati Kumar Deepak

Uma Devi + MotiSanjh Ki Bela Jiya Akela – Chandralekha – S Rajeshwar Rao – Bharat Vyas

Amirbai Karnataki + Shankar DasguptaPyari Raat Pyari Raat Aj Aayee Hai Sohag Raat – Didi – Mukund Msaurekar – Indeevar

Johrabai Ambalewali + Surendra – Tum Meet Hamare Hum Meet Tumhare Hain – Dukhiyari – Gyan Dutt – F M Kaiser

Johrabai Ambalewali + G M DurraniChandani Raatein, Sar Sar Jaaye Mast Hawaen – Dukhiyari – Gyan Dutt – F M Kaiser

Meena Kapoor + Ninu MajumdarAayee Gori Radhika Vrij Mein Bal Khati – Gopi Nath – Ninu Majumdar – Surdas

Shamshad Begum + G M DurraniTaaron Ki Toliyon Ye Kaisa Hai Nikhar – Ghar Ki Izzat – Pt. Govindram – Ishwar Chandra Kapoor

Ameerbai Karnataki + A R OjhaAana Na Tha Jo Dil Mein Aankhon Mein Hi Aate – Gunsundari – Hansraj Behl – Pt. Indra

We will continue with Other Male-Female Duets for 1948 in next episode as well.

The Micro View of the Songs of 1948 @ SoY – The Duets – Male Female Duets – Mohammad Rafi +

Mohammad Rafi’s duets with other female singers appear reasonably respectable in numbers. However, in terms of depth of penetration, i.e. range of co-singers or music directors the duets do look at the very initial stage of its enveloping wave formation. In fact the range of music directors and the number of Rafi duets with Shamshad Begum can be said more to the reflection of her strong acceptance at that point of time. Few duets had attained a high popularity level, but these are too few and far in between.

+ Suraiya

Taaron Bhari Raat Par Tu Nahin Hai, Ye Zindagi Kya Hai Tu Kahin Ham Kahin – Kajal – Ghulam Mohammad – D N Madhok

+ Shamshad Begum

Solah Baras Ki Bhai Umariya – Aag – Ram Ganguly – Nakshab Jarachvi

Dheere Dheere Bol Koi Sun Na Le Bol – Actress – Shyam Sundar – Nakshab Jarachavi

Are O Albeli Naar Kyon Kar Kare Chhip Kar Vaar – Lal Dupatta – Gyan Dutt – Manohar Khanna

Nanhi Si Jaan Mein Hae Jawani Ka Sitam Kyon … – Nadiya Ke Paar – C Ramchandra – Moti B A

Ek Abre Siah Chhaya Aaj Mere Saathi – Rahnuma – Dhumi Khan – Dhumi Khan

+ Amirbai Karnataki

Mujhe Tum Se Muhabbat Hai Ye Meri Chak Damani – Shahnaz – Ameerbai Karnataki – Fiza Kausar Banglauri

Nazaron Se Khelun Baharon Se Khelun, Mera Bas Chale Chand Taaron Se Khelun – Shahnaz – Ameerbai Karnataki – Akhtar Pilibhiti

Tere Nazdik Jaate Hai, Na Tujhse Door Hai – Shahnaz – Ameerbai Karnataki – Akhtar Pilibhiti

Zindadi Ki Raah Mein Tez Chal Kahin Na Tham – Shahnaz – Ameerbai Karnataki –Amir Usmani Deobandi

Man Ki Sooni Nagariya Suhani Bani– Sona Chandi – Tufail Farookhi – Khavar Zanam

+ Geeta Roy

Phool Ko Le Baitha Bhool Kar – Chunariya – Hans Raj Behl – Mulk Raj Bhakari

 + Beenapani Mukherjee

Mera Dil Ghayal Kar Ke Bairi Jag Se Dar Ke – Satynarayan – Hansraj Behl – Surjeet Shethi

Kya Yaad Hai Tum Ko Wo Din – Satynarayan – Hansraj Behl

+ Other female Singers

Mohantara Talpade +Bairan Ho Gayee Raat Piya Bin – Adalat – Datta Davjekar – Mahipal

Rekha Rani +Jamana Ke Tat Par Ham Rokenge Baan – Amar Prem – Datta Thakar – Mohan Mishra M.A.

Rajkumari +O Aao Chale Manwa More Door Kahin – Amar Prem – Datta Thakar – Mohan Mishra M A

Lalita Deulkar +More Raja Ho Le Chal Nadiya Ke Paar – Nadiya Ke Paar – C Ramchandra – Moti B A

Next, we will take up, spread over three parts, Male Female Duets of Other Singers for Micro View of Songs of 1948.