It is interesting to note that Naushad has used Suraiya as playback for Mehtab in Kanoon and Sanjog for the year. It may sound even more interesting now, but Suraiya was just 13 years old then and Mehtab was on 17 or 18.!
Panghat Pe, Panghat Pe Muraliya Baje – Ishara – D N Madhok – Khursheed Anwar
Koi Chutaki Si Mere Dil Mein Laye Jaaye – Sanjog – D N Madhok – Naushad
Ghulam Mohammed (1903 – 17 March 1968), born in the family of musician in Bikaner (Rajasthan), got his early training from his father, Nabi Baksh, a tabla player and a stage artist. The career of Ghulam Mohammed is littered with ironies of fate that did give him his credit for his creation, but a little too late and far too less.
Every single piece of article written on Ghulam Mohammed would invariably focus on at least one defining characteristic. And yet, the fact that Ghulam Mohammed got to compose music for just 37 films in a career spanning almost four decades does neither tells the full story of his caliber nor it does justice to his talent. As such, in the month of his death anniversary, we commence an annual series that relives his known and less known songs.
We will begin with an overview of Ghulam Mohammed’s career in the form of songs he has composed for different singers. The choice of singers does seem to be a function of the period in which the music for the film is composed. Every song that Ghulam Mohammed created songs with each of this singer had the perfect mix of the singer and of the music director. We have adopted a conscious choice of selecting the songs that can easily be classified as the ones receding from the memory.
Hamida Bano – Ud Ja Re Ud Ja Panchhi Pee Pee Mat Bol – Mera Khwab (1943) – Lyrics: M E Ashq
Ghulam Mohammad got his first break as an independent music director in 1942 for a stunt film, Mera Khwab, released in 1943. However, some sources indicate Banke Sipaahi (1937) as Ghulam Mohammad’s debut film. There does not seem to be unanimity among film historians on this count. This was the period when he was known to be working as an instrumentalist for music directors like Rafiq Ghazanvi, Irshad Ali, Anil Biswas etc. It is further recorded that his first major break that elevated him to the status of assistant was in Sharda (1942; Music: Naushad). Their this relationship lasted till Aan (1953) even after Ghulam Mohammad had charted his own independent course in the meantime. Naushad also paid his tribute to their relationship by completing the unfinished tasks of Ghulam Mohammad swan song film ‘Pakeeza’
Zohrabai Amablewali – Tere Bina O Balam Kaise Kategi Mori Raina Bata Jaa – Mera Geet (1946) – Lyrics: Ramesh Gupta
The film had four music directors – Bal Mukund, Geeta Varma, Shankar Rao Vyas, Ghulam Miyan, Reejram – to compose as many as 16 songs. HFGK has been able to identify only a few songs for their respective composers. Even as we get to read the name is Ghulam MIyan, Cinemaazi confirms that this song is indeed composed by Ghulam Mohammed.
The song has very prominent and distinct use of dholak as rhythm instrument.
G M Durrani – Khel Nahi…Khel Nahi Gir Gir Ke Sambhalana – Doli (1947) – Lyrics: Majrooh Sultanpuri
The song is set to what is popularly known as Ghoda songs 9 singer rides a horse or a horse driven cart on the screen). The song is set to a fast pace, but runs on a very low octave, indicating that protagonist is deep thoughts as he sings the song during the ride.
Mukesh, Shamshad Begum – Tere Naaz Uthane Ko Jee Chahta Hai – Grihasthi (1948) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni
The song uses a duff (sometimes spelt as ‘daf’, too), another rhythm instrument that Ghulam Mohammed is credited with popularizing in Hindi film songs.
Knowledgeable bloggers inform us that this song was filmed on Pran and Sharda who was the sister of actor of ‘70s-‘80s Vinod Mehra
Mohammad Rafi – Nigahein Milane Ko Jee Chahata Hai – Parai Aag (1948) – Lyrics: Tanveer Naqvi
Composed to a softer, but relatively a fast, ‘qawwali’ style, and set to a soft Mohammad Rafi rendition, this easily the forgotten preceding song with the initial lyrics – Nigahein Milane Ko Jee Chata Hai. Yes, the one with better recall value is one which was used in Asha Bhosle qawwali song by Roshan (Dil Hi To Hai, 1963 – Lyrics: Sahir Ludhyanavi)
Suraiya – Mohe Mera Bachpana La De … Jawani Bhaye Na – Kaajal (1948) – Lyrics: D N Madhok
The orchestration has strong resemblance to what is used in Naushad’s songs. However, this playful song is well-remembered by Suraiya fans.
Sitara Kanpuri – Dil Ki Lagi Zubaan Par Aaye To Kya Karun – Pugree (1948) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni
‘Pugree’ is the second film that Ghulam Mohammed composed music for the production house All India Pictures, after Doli (1947). All India Pictures perhaps is the only banner that Ghulam Mohammed had under his belt as an independent music director. Other films that followed were: Paras (1949), Pardes (1950), Nazneen (1951), Guahar (9153), Rail Ka Dibba (1953), Laila Majnu (1953), Hoor-e-Arab (1955) and Sitara (1955).
Songs of ‘Pugree’ were resounding success in those days.
Shamshad Begum – Masti Bhari Bahar Ne Masatana Kar Diya – Pugree (1948) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni
So ever young Shashikala lip-syncs Shamshad Begum on the screen.
Geeta Dutt – Na Tum Mere Na Dil Mera, Azab Hai Bebasi Meri – Dil Ki Basti (1949) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni
Ghulam Mohammed had two other solos, two male-female duets and one female-female duets in the film. However, Ghulam Mohammed has also used Lata Mangeshkar for two solos as well.
Lata Mangeshkar, G M Durrani – Do Bichhade Hue Dil Lo Aapas Mein Gaye Mil – Shair (1949) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni
‘Shair’ was also quite popular album, in the year wherein blockbusters like Andaz or Barsaat or Mahal would have occupied the memory space of the listeners.
It should be interesting to note that G M Durrani is preferred as a playback voice to the male lead, Dev Anand.
Even as I had planned to take up film-wise song later in this series, it would be opportune to listen to two other duets from Shair, for the use of different percussion instruments.
Mukesh, Lata Mangeshkar – Ye Duniya Hai Yahan Dil Ka Lagana Kisko Aata Hai – Shair (1949) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni
Ghulam Mohammed has used ‘matka’ (an earthen clay pot) in this song. Matka was another percussion instrument that is credited to Ghulam Mohammed for being popularly used in Hindi film song.
Playback voice now shifts to Mukesh, possibly because the of the pathos mood of the song
This duet was also a chart buster of those days.
Mohammad Rafi, Shamshad Begum – O More Balma…Kahe Maari Kataar…. Haye… Daiya…. Daiya – Shair (1949) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni
Since my knowledge of music, and as a natural corollary, that of music instruments, is abysmally limited, I could only recognize a different instrument is used here, possibly a mix of dholak and matka, but do not which one it is!
A few strains of orchestration in the prelude seem to have faint the precursors of orchestration that we got to listen in the music of Pakeeza.
One interesting, and equally very rare as well, trivia to be observed is that Cuckoo is in the spectator’s gallery and enjoying the dance on the stage.
I plan to take up a few more singers in the next episode, before switching over to the usual format of remembering the songs from different films in chronological order.
We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month next year too……..
Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.
As was observed in the Memorable Songs of 1945 overview, female solo songs are likely to outnumber male solo songs by a very wide margin, this year too. In comparison ro Male Solos, we canexpect more number of female singers and (by and large) more solo songs per singer. This is also the year that will not see many Golden Era Female Singers, like Geeta Roy (Dutt) or Lata Mangeshkar is in the role of playback We can also expect that most od the songs that we get to listen to may be totally unfamiliar ones,
Solo Songs of Suraiya
For the year 1945, Suraiya has 9 solo songs spread over 4 films and 4 different music music directors.
Aankh Milake Balma Mat Aankh Chura, HaN Chhod Na Jana…– Main Kya KaruN – Ninu Mazumdara – D N Madhok
Suno More Raja Najariya Milay Ke Bada Dukh Doge Naino Se Door Jayake – Main Kya KaruN – Ninu Mazumdara – D N Madhok
Aaj Aaj Hans Ke Do Do Baaten Ki Hai Sanam Ne Hamare – Main Kya KaruN – Ninu Mazumdara – D N Madhok
The female solo songs are likely to outnumber male solo songs by a very wide margin, this year too. We will also more number of female singers and (by and large) more solo songs per singer.This is also the year that will see Nurjehan in her full flow. Geeta Roy (Dutt), one of the leading female singers of decade of 50s of the Golden Era has debuted this year. Another Golden Era Great, Lata Mangeshkar is in the role of singing her own songs this year, and that to not on a significant scale.
There are a few songs that I have listened often enough, form my early listening days of 60s till now. But there are far more many songs that I got to listen for the first time.
Solo Songs of Suraiya
For the year 1946, Suraiya has solo songs spread over 4 films and 4 different music music directors. She plays against two vintage era stalwarts this year, Noor Jehan and K L Saigal, and she is just 17 years old.
Popular solo songs
Man Leta Hai Angadai Jivan Pe Javani Chhai – Anmol Ghadi – Naushad – Tanvir Naqvi
Socha Tha Kya Kya, Kya Ho Gaya – Anmol Ghadi – Naushad – Tanvir Naqvi
Other solo songs
Main Dil … Mein Dard Basa Laai, Naino Se Nain Mila Aai – Anmol Ghadi – Naushad – Tanvir Naqvi
Gam-e-Aashiyana Sataega Kab Tak – 1857 – Sajjad Hussain – Mohan Sinh
Meri Ho Gayi Unse Bat, Main Unki Hoon – 1857 – Sajjad Hussain –Shevan RIzvi
Ummido Ka Taara Kismat Se Kuchh Der Chamak Kar Toot Gaya – 1857 – Sajjad Hussain – Anjum Pilibhiti
Gulshan Pe Hai Bahar, Koyal Ki Hai Pukar – Jag Biti – Ghulam Haider –
Bigadi Hui Taqdeer Nahi Banai Jaati – Jag Biti – Ghulam Haider
Ham Hai Dukhiya Is Duniya Mein, Sukh Mein Hai Sansar – Jag Biti – Ghulam Haider
Ham Ko Bhool Na Jaana O Pardesiya – Jag Biti – Ghulam Haider
Khayyam Hai Allahwala Matwala Allaahoo – Omar Khaiyyam– Lal Mohammad – Dr. Safdar ‘Aah’
YT links are not available for the following songs:
Ae Sufi Allah Wale, Husn Aaya Le Kar Pyale – Omar Khaiyyam – Lal Mohammad – Dr. Safdar ‘Aah’
Jal Ke Kuchh Kaheta Hai Hamse Aashiyana Zindagi – Omar Khaiyyam – Lal Mohammad – Dr. Safdar ‘Aah’
Bedard Zara Sun Le Garibon Ki Kahani – Omar Khaiyyam – Lal Mohammad – Dr. Safdar ‘Aah’
We will take up Solo Songs of Shamshad Begum for the year 1946 over next two episodes.
One pattern that emerges quite apparently is that most of the leading playback singers have solos songs that quantitatively would need at least two posts each. But that would make the total number of posts on Female Solo Songs run a couple of months. That would make the coverage period for female solo songs a bit too long., So, in many cases we may have bear longer post with higher than normal number of songs per post.
Apart from this mundane issue, the year would present to us a real feel of vintage era music composition and song rendition styles. There can not be better manifestation of this than the presence of three vintage era ‘greats’ – Noor Jehan, Khursheed and Kanan Devi – in the female solo songs this year.
Also, my back-of-the-envelop rough work of compling the list, with the help of HFGK, shows that I have previously heard a miniscule share of the all the songs that may be available on YT.
Solo Songs of Suraiya
For the year 1947, Suraiya has 19 solo songs, spread over 5 films and 4 music directors.
Popular solo songs
Jab Tumhi Nahin Apne Duniya Begani Hai – Parwana – Khursheed Anwar – D N Madhok
Paapi Papiha Re Pi Pi Ma Bol Bairi Pi Pi Na Bol – Parwana – Khursheed Anwar – D N Madhok
Mere Mundere Na Bol Ja Kaga Kaga Ja – Parwana – Khursheed Anwar – D N Madhok
Kale Kale Aaye Badarwa, Aao Sajan Mere Aao – Natak – Naushad Ali – Shakeel Badayuni
Other solo songs
Aison Se Na Jee Lagae Koi, Ret Ke Ghar Na Banae Koi – Dak Bangala – Naresh Bhattacharya – D N Madhok
Jiya Bhar Aaya More Nain Bhar Aaye – Dak Bangala – Naresh Bhattacharya – D N Madhok
Ho Ho Chandani Raat Hai, Aise Mein Aa Jao– Dak Bangala – Naresh Bhattacharya – D N Madhok
Dil Dhadake Aankh Mori Phadake, Chale Jana Na Jee Bichhad Ke – Dard – Naushad Ali – Shakeel Badayuni
Bahar Khatm Hui…Chale Dil Ki Duniya Barbad Karke – Dard – Naushad Ali – Shakeel Badayuni
Ham The Tumhare Tum The Hamare Hae Wo Bhi Jamana Yaad Karo – Dard – Naushad Ali – Shakeel Badayuni
Bich Bhanwar Mein Aan Phasa Hai, Dil Ka Safinaa Shah-e-Madina– Dard – Naushad Ali – Shakeel Badayuni
Din Din Joban Dhalata Jaye, Din Din Dhale Jawani – Do Dil – Govind Ram – D N Madhok
Chanda Ki Chandani Mein Hae Rama, Jiya Mora Dol Gaya– Do Dil – Govind Ram – D N Madhok
Phir Nain Baware Bhar Bhar Aaye Hae Bhar Bhar Aaye – Do Dil – Govind Ram – D N Madhok
Phir Hamaein Koi Yaad Aaye Phir Lab Pe Hai Haye Haye – Do Dil – Govind Ram – D N Madhok
Dil Le Ke Chale To Nahin Jaoge Rajaji O Rajaji – Natak – Naushad Ali – Khumar Barabankavi
Jab Se Chale Gaye Hai Woh Zindagi Zindagi Nahi – Natak – Naushad Ali – Khumar Barabankavi
Apna Jinhe Banaya Thukara Ke Woh Sidhare– Natak – Naushad Ali – Shakeel Badayuni
Taaron Bhari Raat O Sajan Taaron Bhari Raat – Natak – Naushad Ali – Shakeel Badayuni
Aaja Balama Rain Andheri Dar Lage, Dukhiya Jiya Pukare – Parwana – Khursheed Anwar – D N Madhok
We will take up Solo Songs of Geeta Roy for 1947 in our next episode.
We will now take up Male-Female Duets Song of male singers other than Mukesh and Mohammad Rafi. Individually, none of these singers have duet songs that may compare with the numbers of Mukesh or Mohammad Rafi. But collectively, these duets present a rainbow of many shades of music directors and combinations of male and female playback singers of vintage and the coning-golden-years era.
The first stage selection of such songs from HFGK has yielded a bountiful numbers that would very respectfully measure up to the numbers of duets that have been rendered by both Mukesh and Mohammad Rafi put together. Many of the songs do not have internet soft link till now. But th eons that I could find would certainly provide a tremendous mix of the vintage era style of orchestration and singing justaposed with golden era style orchestration and singing.
Shamshad Begum + Surendra – Kyun Unhe Dil Diya, Haye Ye Kya Kiya – Anokhi Ada – Naushad – Shakeel Badayuni
Suraiya + G M Durrani – Kyon Dil Mein Mere Base Hue Ho, Tum Kaun Ho Kya Ho – Aaj Ki Raat – Husnlal Bhagatram – Rajendra Krishna
Suraiya + G M Durrani – Mere Aansoo Meri Hasraton Meri Zindagi Ko Yah Kya Hua – Aaj Ki Raat – Husnlal Bhagatram – Rajendra Krishna
Shamshad Begum + Shailesh – Kahin Ka Deepak KAhin Ki Baati, AAj Mile Hai Jeevan Saathi – Aag – Ram Ganguli – Saraswati Kumar Deepak
Uma Devi + Moti – Sanjh Ki Bela Jiya Akela – Chandralekha – S Rajeshwar Rao – Bharat Vyas
When I look back at all the female solo songs for 1948, what I note is that all most each of the major female singers has at least one song that has stood equal appeal to me. In these years, I may have had opportunity to listen to some songs more than the other, but at this stage I do not really feel any major difference in the appeal of these songs on account of that.
So, here are the songs that would call for TOP slot for the female solo songs for 1948, in no particular order:
The 21 solos songs of Suraiya are spread over just six films. Ideally, we would have covered these many songs in two post-length articles. But that would make the total number of posts on Female Solo Songs run a couple of months. So, for the time being we have covered Solo Songs of Suraiya in this one post.
Din Khushi Ka Chhup Gaya Raat Gam Ki Aa Gayee – Aaj Ki Raat – Husnlal Bhagatram – Rajinder Krishna
Kyon Le Chala Aye Dil Mujhko Pyar Ki Gali Mein – Aaj Ki Raat – Husnlal Bhagatram – Rajinder Krishna
Aaj Ki Raat Muhabbbat Hai Jawan Aaj Ki Raat – Aaj Ki Raat – Husnlal Bhagatram – Rajinder Krishna
Ro Ro Ke Saare Raat Kati Inazaar Mein – Aaj Ki Raat – Husnlal Bhagatram – Rajinder Krishna
Mere Dil Mein Koi Aaye Ki Naha Mera Naazuk Dil Haae Re – Kajal – Gulam Mohammad D N Madho, Shakeel Badayni
Din Pe Din Beete Jaaye Jaanewale Na Aae Main Kya Karoon – Kajal – Gulam Mohammad D N Madho, Shakeel Badayni
Din Gujara Raat Aayee Ho Balam Dhadkan – Kajal – Gulam Mohammad D N Madho, Shakeel Badayni
Mohe Mera Bachpan Laa De Jawani Bhae Na – Kajal – With Chorus – Gulam Mohammad D N Madho, Shakeel Badayni
Na Tadapane Ki Izazat Hai,,, Koi Duniya Mein Hamari Tarah Barbaad Na Ho – Pyar Ki Jeet- Husnlal Bhagatram – Qamar Jalalabadi
O Door Jaanewale Vaada Na Bhool Na Jaana – Pyar Ki Jeet – Husnlal Bhagarram – Qamar Jalalabadi
Tere Naino Ne Chori Kiya Mera Naha Sa Jiya – Pyar Ki Jeet – Husnlala Bhagatram – Rajinder Krshna
Jaanewale Jara Duniya Ka Chalan Dekhata Jaa – Rang Mahal – K Dautta / V A Balsara – Shivkumar
Us Waqt Kya Kare Koi – Rang Mahal – K Datta / V A Balsara – Shivkumar
Kaali Ghatao Jaao Sajan Ko Samajao – Shakti – Ramprasad / Ajum Baig – Asad Jafri
Pardesi Piya Tose Laga Jiya Chale Aana Sajan Dhire Dhire – Shakti – Ramprasad / Ajum Baig – Asad Jafri
Zan Zanan Baje Dil Ka Sitar…. – Shakti – Ramprasad / Ajum Baig – Asad Jafri
Armaan Bhara Dil .. Baith Gaya Ulfat Ke Sahare Toot Gaye – Shakti – Ramprasad / Ajum Baig – Asad Jafri
Jhoom Rahi Khushiyon KI Naav – Vidya – S D Burman – Y N Joshi
Kinare Kinare Chale Jaayenge Jivan Ki Naiya Ko Khete Hue – Vidya – S D Burman – Y N Joshi
O Krishna Kanhai .. Aashaonki Duniya Mein Hai Kyon Aag Lagai – Vidya – S D Burman – Anjum Pilibhiti
Kise Maloom Tha Do Din Mein Sawan Beet Jaega – Vidya – S D Burman – Anjum Pilibhiti
We will take up Solo Songs of Geeta Roy for the year 1948 in our next episode.
Wait for the curtains to go up for a review of songs for the particular year @ Songs of Yore is more than an eager wait. It is preganat with more unknown songs now. Having covered songs of 1955, 1953, 1951, 1950 and 1949 in the previous years, SoY has now crossed the threshold well into the Vintage Era as it now ventures into ‘Best songs of 1948: And the winners are?’
As noted in the overview turnkey article, we now enter the period which has two quite distinct characteristics:
One, Lata Mangeshkar did sing over 40 songs of which you can count about ten memorable and a couple of all-time great songs, yet she was not the sole pole star, as she became from 1949 onwards. Therefore, dividing the female playback singers as Lata Mangehkar and ‘others’ as (has been) done for 1949, 1950 and 1951 would not be a true reflection of reality.
Secondly, the Vintage Era also means entering a period of more unknown than known, therefore, the year-wise review would now be more a discovery trip.
Musical landmarks: Like a golden Jubilee (Mela) and a silver Jubileen (Anokhi Ada) under the belt Naushad hasestablished his morchical position. His nearest rival C ramchandra has Nadiya Ke Paar and Kidkiin the year under review. Ghulam Hiader has presened his swan song on now the Indian soil – Shaheed. Raj Kapoor directs his maiden film Aag with Ram Ganguly as music director. Lata Mangeshkar has hardly any presence in these films.
Other important musical compositions are no less noteworthy nor have lost their charm. We will enlist them here –
Bharat Bhushna and Geeta Bali – as actors in Suhag Raat
Fact file and Trivia notes that five songs of Meena Kapoor for Anokha Pyar were recorded on Lata Mangeshkar; Leela Chitnis played mother for first time in Shaheed; Mohammad Rafi holds a falg pole in Watan Ki Rah Mein Watan Naujawan Shaheed Ho; Ameerbai Karnataki composed music for Shahnaz, once only in her career; Vidya Nath Seth sang firve songs for Rooplelka of which he composed one song too.
List Of Memorable Songs is a fairly representative list of films, music directors and known as well as less-known songs that were released in the year. I have re-compiled this list, under the titleMemorable Songs of 1948, by adding the relevant link to YT file.
For the year under review, Special songs also cover the songs which open a path of discovery on their own well as they have thir own personality. In this case too, I have brought these songs on the same page with List of Memorable Songs of 1948.
The stage is now set to commence our journey into the Micro View of the Songs of 1948. As the List of Memorable Songs and Special Songs have covered most of the well-known songs for the year, we will restrict our micro-view to in-depth listening of not-so-well-known songs. We will then combine our impressions of these songs with that we already have for the well-known ones to present our point of view in so far as
Best male playback singer
Best ‘other’ female playback singer
Best songs of Lata Mangeshkar
Best music director