Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – July 2014

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Welcome to July 2014 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

We have taken up detailed look at the fundamentals of Nonconformity (Ref: Blog Carnival Edition of March 2014) / Nonconformance (Ref: Blog Carnival Edition of April 2014) and then converse of these to terms, Conformity (Ref: Blog Carnival Edition of May 2014)and Conformance (ref: Blog Carnival Edition of June 2014).

We now take a look at these words for a more specific point of view of Quality Management. First, a few definitions.

Encyclopedia of Management: Non-conformity

Non-conformity is a failure to meet the requirements (3.1.2, ISO 9000:2005). Occurrence of non-conformity is not decrease of quality. It may be related to failure to meet the requirements of the standards, documentation, quality, regulations, requirements, contract requirements or customer and other interested parties requirements. A non-conformity can be treated only by what was actually found, or supported by objective evidence.

Business Directory.com defines nonconformity – Occurrence of a condition that does not conform to the specifications of the prescribed standards, drawing a fine distinction with Defect.

1. General: Frailty or shortcoming that prevents an item from being complete, desirable, effective, safe, or of merit, or makes it to malfunction or fail in its purpose.

2. Law: Lack of legal sufficiency due to incorrect or incomplete following of a required or statutory procedure. See also perfect.

3. Manufacturing: Non-conformance of a product with the specified requirements, or non-fulfilment of user expectations (including the safety aspects).

Wikipedia: In quality management,

A nonconformity (also known as a defect) [P.S. the statement in the bracket is technically not correct.] is a deviation from a specification, a standard, or an expectation.

In software engineering, ISO/IEC 9126 distinguishes between a “defect” and a ”nonconformity”. A defect being the non-fulfilment of intended usage requirements, whereas nonconformity is the non-fulfilment of a requirement. A similar distinction is made between validation and verification.

Business Directory also elaborates on Defects as –

Defects are generally classified into four classes:

Class-1: very serious, directly causes severe injury or catastrophic loss;

Class-2: serious, directly causes significant injury or economic loss;

Class-3: major, related to significant problems with respect to intended normal or reasonable use; and

(4) Class-4: minor, related to minor problems with intended normal or reasonable use.

Two other types of defects are latent defect and patent defect.

A non-conformance is a departure from an agreed arrangement between an approval authority (or orthodox position) and an individual or group performing work. In the context of quality management an “arrangement” is commonly an agreement to conform to:

  • A work product standard
    Example: The format and content of a Software Requirements Specification does not comply with the designated SRS Document Standard
  • A predefined procedure
    Example: The requirements elicitation activities on project X did not follow the steps required by the Joint Application Design Procedure.
  • A work product specification
    Example: The System Architecture Specification does not address all the customer requirements provided in the System Requirements Specification.
  • A documented plan
    Example: The activities described in the Project Plan are not being carried out.
  • An international standard for best practice
    Example: Company XYZ does not have a documented procedure for control of quality management system documentation as required by ISO 9001 – Quality Management Systems Requirements1 clause 4.2.3 Control of documents.

The Significance of a Non-conformance

The existence of a non-conformance means that some aspects of an organisation’s standard operating procedures are not being followed.

How are Non-conformances Identified?

Non-conformance are typically identified in the context of a quality management system audit. The auditor documents the non-conformance in a Non-conformance Report which is subsequently issued to a management representative who directs corrective action.

Non-conformance Lifecycle covers the following topics:

The scope of a blog carnival does not permit us to delve deeper into this subject, however we would devote a section to Non-conformance and Corrective Action related articles in our subsequent Blog Carnival editions once we have covered Corrective in the next edition of this Blog Carnival.

We turn to our regular sections now :

Blogger Round Up for June (2014) has picked up one most debated issue – What’s the Value of Organizational Excellence Programs? ASQ’s bloggers assessed the value of excellence awards—from going through the exercise as part of continuous improvement to following through after winning (or losing). Each of the response covered in this post has thrown up one or other of the aspect that needs careful consideration by the Quality professionals and Top Management for journey that begins once the question is asked.

And then move over to ASQ TV Episode - The Power of Data : Get an overview on data management, from hot topics such as big data to using data to improve quality.

· Read the case study by Kurt M. Hill

· Four data analysis basics that can help

· Seven data collection strategies

· Read the full article by Derek Purdy

The Pros and Cons of Big Data You’ve probably heard the popular term “big data.” It refers to large and complex data sets that go beyond traditional data processing tools. With big data come big challenges. For example, how and when should you collect or analyze big data? Statistics professor Geoff Vining urges caution in relying on big data.

What’s Working: Mining Data to Reduce Costs Change doesn’t come through data collection. The goal is to analyze your data for insights on how to do something better or smarter. Nationwide Insurance did just that in deciding which homes to inspect.

Our ASQ’s Influential Voice for the month is Tim McMahon

tim-mcmahonTim McMahon is a quality manager and lean practitioner with expertise in lean manufacturing with more than 10 years of Lean manufacturing experience.  He currently leads continuous improvement efforts for a high tech manufacturer in a Quality Management role. He blogs at A Lean Journey.

A Lean Journey is dedicated to sharing lessons and experiences along the Lean Journey in the Quest for True North. The blog also serves as the source for learning and reflection which are critical elements in Lean Thinking. The blog has a well laid out lists of varied subjects covered through the regular posts on the blog. It also has a very informative blog-roll of “Lean Blogs that I Like’ as well as “Other Sites I Like”. This makes the blog as veritable source of a good deal of reading and sharing of common interests and subjects. We will just list out the posts published in July 2014, till date:

We do not have a fresh insight this month in so far as Curious Cat Management Improvement Carnival category is concerned.

However visiting the blog always leads to interesting articles posted recently. We pick up Gerald Suarez on Creating the Future for our present edition.

The webcast herebelow is the speech Gerald Suarez gave at TedX Loyola Marymount.

http://youtu.be/w2tho2_wLBE

I look forward to your active participation in enriching the blog carnival as we pursue our journey …………….

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – June 2014

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Welcome to June, 2014 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

We begin our carnival with visits to our regular blogs:

Suraiya’s songs by SD Burman

“Since SD Burman made his debut late, his songs for Suraiya are much less compared to, say, Naushad’s, but as was his wont, he had a talent to create something for every singer, which would easily rank among his/her landmark songs, even if we just count Man more hua matwala and Nain deewane, Suraiya’s songs by SD Burman have a place among her greatest songs.”

Songs of Yore completes four years – With a tribute to Juthika Roy

Juthika Roy“Born in 1920, she sang her first song on the radio at the age of 7, which was a Rabindra Sangeet, Aar dekhona, andhaare aamaay dekhate daao. Her first HMV record was of two Bengali songs, which was followed by two Meera bhajans in Hindi in 1935-36. She became synonymous with Meera bhajans and achieved enormous popularity during the 40s through 50s. Kamal Dasgupta composed most of her songs, with whom she also sang a number of duets, including some naats and qawwalis.”

Shri Arunkumar Deshamukh has also guest-written an article on Juthika Roy – Mandir ho har kadam pe pooja ho subah shaam@ atul’s bollywood song a day- with full lyrics. The song presented here is a duet of Juthika Roy with Kamal Dasgupta.

Whilst on the subject of Juthika Roy, let us also enjoy Juthika Roy’s interview on Vividh Bharati, on 25th February 2009 @ Anmol Fankar.

The incredible brother-sister in music: Anil Biswas’s songs for Parul Ghosh

“Her swan song in films was in Aandolan (1951) – Vande Mataramwith Manna Dey and Sudha Malhotra, composed by Pannalal Ghosh. She sang about 100 songs in all in 25 films. She died on August 13, 1977 after prolonged illness in Bombay. The song list (not exhaustive) at Cineplot shows that she sang for most of the top composers of the time, but her most famous songs are by his brother.”

Ten of my favourite Sunil Dutt songs is the collection of solo songs Sunil Dutt sings on the screen. The list does not contains only song from a given film.

Twin Songsare true back-to-back songs, songs that segue into each other with no dialogues or scenes in between. The compilation presents 14 sets of such songs in one go, which one can be listen here too.

Forgotten Melodies (Part 1) – My Favourite Dance Sequences From My Father’s Filmscaptures some of more favoured dance sequences from films in which Tarun Bose has played a role.

Lively songs from Naushad“is devoted to the multitude of lively songs that Naushad composed through the 1940s, 50s and 60s.Lively here does not “mean only songs that celebrate joy or abandon”. It also includes “songs that have a (relatively) lively and attractive pace when compared to slow, brooding songs. Some of his lively songs may actually be sad situations. But the songs may be lively with a relatively fast tempo or with lyrics, expressions or situations that appear cheerful!.” For an uninterrupted listening, do use this playlist.

We now turn to the archives of the other blogs and articles:

4 June was the birthday of Nutan. We recall Nutan’s Biography, and supplement it with Lady Nutan, wherein very interesting aspects of her life have been presented. The article has sourced a good deal of material from Cineplot.

Jaikishan – The Eternal Prince of Hindi Film Music is an exclusive interview with Bhairavi Jaikishan, daughter of famed Jaikishan of Shanker Jaikishan duo. – “Listen to the soulful Rafi number ‘Yaad Na Jaaye Beete Dinonki” from Dil Ek Mandir. And listen to the Spanish ‘original’ Besame Mucho and one is left awestruck! The feel is similar but to the Indian ear – it is the pathos of the SJ-Rafi rendition which touches the heart! This was a typical Jaikishan characteristic.”

Evolution of the Hindi film song (Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5 and Part 6) traces the way Hindi Film Sings evolved. Presented here are some excerpts:

“We saw the late 30s and early 40s responsible for the entry of singers such as GM Durrani, Arun Kumar, Parul Ghosh, Zohra Ambala, Amirbai Karnataki, Rajkumari, Shamshad Begum and Suraiya. Now a newer generation of singers followed them. Among the male singers, Shankar Rao Vyas introduced Manna Dey with Ram Rajya in 1943, Naushad introduced Mohd. Rafi to Hindi films with Pehle Aap in 1944 and Anil Biswas introduced Mukesh in Pehli Nazar in 1945. Of these perhaps the most important talent was undoubtedly Mohd. Rafi.

“While Rafi, Mukesh and Kishore Kumar went on to rule the Hindi Film Industries from the 1950s, there were other male playback singers whose contribution could not be denied – Manna Dey, Talat Mehmood and Hemant Kumar….. Meanwhile the 1940s had also thrown up some of the best female talent in playback singing – Meena Kapoor, Asha Bhosle, Geeta Dutt and of course the one and only Lata Mangeshkar…”

And now, we move over to our regular Mohammad Rafi-related video clips and articles:

Mohammed Rafi – VOA Tribute – Rare interview and his own selection of songs -

The special program is a joint production of the staffers of VOA Urdu Service and the VOA English division. This is based on a rare interview of the legendary Bollywood singer, Mohammad Rafi, recorded during one of his visits to London in 1977 by Subhash Vohra of VOA English, who was then working for the BBC Hindi Service. This program, devoted to the memories of Rafi, also includes his own selection of songs.
You can also listen to very intimate observations of the famed Bollywood personality, Ameen Sayani, who is still adored in South Asia for his masterly music presentation over several decades.

My Abba - A MemoirYasmin Khalid Rafi, daughter-in-law of Mohammed Rafi published her book- Mohammed Rafi – My Abba, A Memoire. In a review of the book on “Outlook”, With A Song on His Lips, Sathya Saran has this to state – “Few sang as Rafi sang, few touched so many as he did. A mellow, melancholy memoir recalls a master we don’t know.”

We have chosen to remain brief and focused in this episode. How would you to react to this style?

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – June 2014

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Welcome to June 2014 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

We have taken up detailed look at the fundamentals of Nonconformity (Ref: Blog Carnival Edition of March 2014) / Nonconformance (Ref: Blog Carnival Edition of April 2014) as well as Conformity (Ref: Blog Carnival Edition of May 2014). We now take a look at Conformance, before we take in these words for a more specific angle of Quality.

We take up a few dictionary meanings first:

  • Conformance – The Free Trade Dictionary: correspondence in form or appearance
  • Merriam Webster Dictionary defines Conformance as Conformity. The word is considered to have been used first in 1606. It also gives following examples:
    1. <behavior found to be not in conformance with all company policies regarding sexual harassment>
    2. <a woman with no interest in conformance to the dictates of fashion>

Synonyms

accord, accordance, agreement, conformity, congruence, congruency, congruity, consonance, harmony, tune

Antonyms

conflict, disagreement, incongruence, incongruity, incongruousness

Related Words

compatibility; assimilation, integration; oneness, solidarity, togetherness; affinity, empathy, sympathy

Near Antonyms

contrast, discrepancy, disparateness, disparity, dissimilarity, distinction, distinctiveness, distinctness, diverseness, diversity, unlikeness; deviance, divergence; discord, discordance, dissension (also dissention), dissent, dissidence, disunity, friction, strife; variability, variance; incompatibility

Compliance is an informal industry term generally accepted to mean the system provides support for some of a given standard. Vendors of compliant systems are generally expected to offer documentation describing which parts of the standard are supported, and which are not.

Conformance on the other hand is recognition of formal testing, that proves that an operating system (or product or service) provides 100% support for a given standard.

  • Cost Of Conformance is the total cost of ensuring that a product is of good *Quality*. It includes costs of *Quality Assurance* activities such as standards, training, and processes; and costs of *Quality Control* activities such as reviews, audits, inspections, and testing.

COC represents an organization’s investment in the quality of its products.

Mr. Bill Troy has taken over as CEO of ASQ from Paul Borwaski, who hung up the shoes on May 27. We can have a deeper peep at Bill Troy’s background here.

We have fresh activity @ Blogger Round UpThe Quality / Education Connection proved to be a hot topic at ASQ’s 2014 World Conference on Quality and Improvement.

And then move over to ASQ TV Episode - Teamwork : Learn what makes a team work successfully to accomplish goals and deliver results.

Here are related videos –

  • Story 2 : Coca Cola Team – Coca-Cola Co. Cold Drink Operations in Spain and Portugal used the International Team Excellence Award framework to enhance customer satisfaction and beverage safety.
  • Story 4: Extreme Team Events – Some organizations use extreme events and adventure challenges intended to motivate, inspire and boost creativity on teams.

Our ASQ’s Influential Voice for the month is –Robert Mitchell

Robert Mitchell has 30 years of quality experience in manufacturing, non-profit and civic organizations, and manages corporate quality and Lean Six Sigma operations at 3M. He is incoming chair of ASQ’s Minnesota section. He blogs at Quality Matters.

An interesting article on this blog is Sustaining Excellence, where Robert Michell dwells on his 3M experiences.

“3M leadership and management continue to rigorously apply the McKnight Principles:

“As our business grows, it becomes increasingly necessary to delegate responsibility and to encourage men and women to exercise their initiative. This requires considerable tolerance. Those men and women, to whom we delegate authority and responsibility, if they are good people, are going to want to do their jobs in their own way.

Mistakes will be made. But if a person is essentially right, the mistakes he or she makes are not as serious in the long run as the mistakes management will make if it undertakes to tell those in authority exactly how they must do their jobs.

Management that is destructively critical when mistakes are made kills initiative. And it’s essential that we have many people with initiative if we are to continue to grow.””

Tanmay Vora @ QAapire.com also had a take on this subject in the form of On Initiatives, Making Mistakes and McKnight Principles for Innovation

We do not have a fresh insight this month in so far asCurious Cat Management Improvement Carnival category is concerned.

But we have an interesting experience being shared in Practicing Mistake-Promoting Instead of Mistake-Proofing at Apple. Do read the article so as to feel the agony of a customer who was at the receiving end of a ‘poor’ (quality) of a process.

I look forward to your active participation in enriching the blog carnival as we pursue our journey …………….

37 Weirdly Beautiful Old-School Science and Tech Photos

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During its four-decade run, from the late 1930s to early 1970s, as one of the world’s premier weekly magazines, LIFE covered an utterly dizzying array of people and events. Best-known, of course, for its photographs and articles on World War II, the Space Race, the Vietnam War, Camelot, pop-culture icons like Marilyn Monroe and Sinatra and other major issues and world figures, from the very first LIFE also opened its pages to coverage of science and technology.

Staff photographers like Fritz Goro, Andreas Feininger, Yale Joel, J.R. Eyerman and others were justly celebrated for finding new and creative ways to illustrate the often-esoteric breakthroughs — and the scientists and engineers — transforming the world in the middle part of the last century. Often the magazine’s treatment of these issues and people was unreservedly admiring; at other times, LIFE cast a more skeptical eye on new developments, inventions and areas of research. But no matter how wry or laudatory its voice, the magazine’s ability to bring seemingly “unphotographable” concepts to light always helped to further the conversation around everything from space travel and atomic energy to the minuscule workings of human cells.

Here, LIFE.com presents a selection of photographs by some of history’s most innovative photographers — pictures that encompass the bizarre, heady and often beautiful worlds of science and technology as seen in the pages of LIFE.

Here are some of these photographs:

Handful of microelectronic parts.The Light Trail Of A HelicopterLaser ExperimentLife like models for use in science and1270526.jpgWorkmen stand beside gigantic pipe segments during construction of Montana's Fort Peck Dam in 1936

Read more: 37 Weirdly Beautiful Science and Tech Photos From LIFE Magazine | LIFE.com http://life.time.com/culture/37-weirdly-beautiful-science-and-tech-photos-from-life-magazine/#ixzz33y8EV0Qx

Beat The heat…….

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A man cooling off on a hot afternoon in Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir. -  Jaipal Singh/European Pressphoto Agency

A man cooling off on a hot afternoon in Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir. – Jaipal Singh/European Pressphoto Agency

Curtsey :

Image of the Day: June 2 | By THE NEW YORK TIMES

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – May 2014

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Welcome to May 2014 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

This month many of our regular blogs that we visit seem to have turned on to film reviews. Well, that provides us a good opportunity to test wider oceans.

Husnlal-Bhagatram – The ‘First’ Composer Duo – pens the narrative of the origin and rise of Husnlal – Bhagatram…. The duo is fond of fast pace, actualized mainly through dholak and employment of atonal drums such as matka or idiophones such as ghunghroo, etc.” …Another aspect of their composing style .. is that “they make a musical statement which consists of successive song-lines with a descending and repetitive tonal contours”, which “appears to resolve the melody into completeness and it seems easier to remember” and “very few notes are used in those lines”. …..

One style feature that makes many of Husnlal-Bhagatram’s fast-paced songs catchy and instantly likeable is their tendency to punctuate the melody lines with very short and catchy orchestral phrases as a trigger for repetition of words or line, or by inserting short pauses at the end of a mukhda or antara before the rhythm moves forward. There are many examples to illustrate this point but… here are two songs that .. can be easily identified as Husnlal-Bhagatram creations.

The first example is Suraiya’s popular ‘tere nainon ne chori kiya’ from ‘Pyar Ki Jeet (1948). The pause after ‘tere nainon ne’ is filled with a brief flute piece that becomes such an integral part of the tune that if you try humming the tune, that flute piece would instantly play in your mind. …………The other example is Lata’s ‘tum dil ko tod doge’ from ‘Farmaaish’ (1953). The prelude itself is enough for one to identify it as their creation, but look at the rest of the composition. The first line is broken right at the middle and filled with a music piece, then at the end of the line comes another music piece before the line is repeated in exactly the same manner. In the antaras, a similar approach is followed, although the musical punctuation is used at the end of each line and a lovely pause is introduced at the end of the cross-line.”

We have A lovely Mohammed Rafi – Suraiya duet from Sanam (1951), composed by Husnlal Bhagatram, Mohammed Rafi singing for Dev Anand and Suraiya singing for herself.

KHURSHEED BANO … Barso re .. Tansen.. A Forgotten songKursheed and Suraiya were the two singing actresses of Mumbai Film-world who have shared the honours with the renowned singer K.L. Saigal. This talented and famous actress/singer of the thirties and the forty’s, Khurshid Bano rested in peace on 18th April 2001 in Karachi, at the age of 87 years and thus an era of talent in terms of acting/singing in the film industry finally came to an end.

In Melody Makers of Yesteryears (Unforgettable melodies) – part 1, usha manohartakes up “Chitragupt, Sardar Mallik and Narayan Dutta who were not often approached by any of the top movie makers like Bimal Roy, Nasir Hussain, Guru Dutt , Raj Kapoor or Mehboob Khan, but nonetheless they did make an impact, and once in a while did get a chance to work with some top film makers. Whenever they composed music for any film, they came out with some of the most melodious and meaningful compositions .

In Part 2she takes up Dattaram, G S Kohli and Sapan Jagamohan.

In Part 3, Ajit Merchant, Iqbal Quereshi and Bipin Babul have been covered in details.

Fascinating True Story Of A Lata Mangeshkar Song Born in A Los Angeles Music Shop narrates a very interesting story of a song which later in the same year (1958) Salil Chwdury composed – a classical Bengali song in Raag Khamaj (Carnatic-Hari Kambhoji) using the lovely Sur Bahar Sitar, David Bernard (of that LA music shop) gifted him in Los Angeles.. Sitar is the only musical instrument that is predominantly heard in the orchestration of this entire private song.. Perhaps this is also the only song in the Indian music history today wherein only Sitar is heard throughout a song..This Bengali song, is “..Naa jeo naa rajani ekhono baki..aaro kichhu dite baki.. bole raatjaaga pakhi..” was sung by the legendary Lata Mangeshkar..and its Hindi version “O Sajana barkhaa bahaar aayee..Ras ki phuhaar laayi.. Akhiyon mein pyar laayi..” (Parakh-1959).

Funny Hindi Songs – 20 Best Old Hindi Comedy Songs – “The other day I was watching the weekend show on Times Now which featured some of the best old Hindi comedy songs of yesteryear. Thus was the birth of this hub. They showed around 9 -11 songs as for the time constraint which every program on TV has. Here on the net, we don’t have any such time constraint, so I went ahead to compile a list of best 20 funny Hindi songs…..All these songs are excellently written and in one form or the other will give you a happy feeling. If the lyrics don’t evoke the laughing gases in you then do watch the video and shake a leg with it.”

We take a pause here in our charting of new waters.

Sickle Songs? Has listed three songs:

Aai Sawan Rut Ai – Mela (9148) – Mukesh, Shamshad Begum – Naushad

Naache Re Dharati Ke PyaareHeera Moti (1959) – Lata Mangeshkar, Hemant Kumar – Salil Chudhary [This is the only song composed by Salil Chaudhary, all others were composed by Roshan)

Aaj Meri Man Men Sakhi – Aan (1952) – Lata Mangeshkar and Chorus – Naushad

Does anyone have any more of the songs to add on to this subject?

Multiple Version Songs (16): Rabindra Sangeet and Pankaj Mullickis a very tribute to Gurudev Rabindranath Thakur (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941) and Pankaj Mullick (10 May 1905 – 19 February 1978) by guest author N Venkataraman.

SoY has also released one more of Multiple Version Songs post — Multiple Versions Songs (17): Haunting Melodies in Different Moods And Settings — guest written by yours truly.

We have a very interesting two part article by Shrikant Guatam, in his regular weekly (Gujarati) column “RangRaag” in ‘Madhuvan’   supplement of Janmabhoomi Pravasi. The article has listed Exceptional Partnerships – that of a music director and a lyricist – in the world of Hindi Film Music and have provided songs such partnerships have germinated. Since recording each of the song in the article here would entail copying the whole article, I have listed here the Partnership and the film(s) in which they have collaborated:

Hemant Kumar Sahir Ludhianvi Girl Friend 1960
Majrooh Sultanpuri Ek Hi Rasta 1956
Gulzar Khamoshi 1969
S D Burman Gulzar Bandini 1963
[just one song – Mora Gora Ang Lai Le – Lata Mangeshkar; beginning the long innings that Gulzar played donning lyricist cap, among several others]
Madan Mohan Gulzar Mausam 1975
Sahir Ludhianvi Railway Platform 1955
Ghazal 1964
(jointly with Jai Dev) Laila Majnu 1976
Majrooh Sultanpuri Aakhari Dao 1958
Naushad Majrooh Sultanpuri Shajahan 1946
Andaz 1949
Saathi 1968
Roshan Neeraj Nai Umar Ki Nai Fasl 1965
Laxmikant Pyarelal Hasrat Jaipuri Chhaila Babu 1967
Kalyanji Anandji Sahir Ludhianvi Nanha Farishta 1969
Gulzar Purnima 1965
Majrooh Sultanpuri Ishara 1964
Hasrat Jaipuri Ghar Ghar Ki Kahani 1970

Both parts of the article, in Gujarati, can be read here and here.

This spurred me to re-look at an article on Shailendra’s filmography. Shailendra’s is a classic 80-20 Pareto Principle case – his great bulk of the work is with Shaker Jaikishan, followed by work with S D Burman and Salil Chaudhary and to fair extent with Roshan. Interestingly he has an equally impressive list of ‘exceptional partnerships’. Here are these gems:

Basant Prakash Badnaam 1952
Sapan Jagmohan Begana 1963
Ninu Majumdar Bhai Saaheb 1954
Robin Banerjee Massom 1960
Shailesh Mukherjee Savera 1958
Shivram Narayan Naya Kadam 1958
Chitragupta Kal Hamara Hai 1959
R D Burman Chhote Nawab 1961
Manohar Chingari 1955
Sudhir Kar Kaanch Ki Gudiya 1961
Shardul Kwatra Piple Saheb 1954
Tees Maar Khaan 1955
Kalyanji Anandji Satta Bazar 1959
Kishore Kumar Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Men 1964
Hum Do Daku 1967
Door Ka Raahi 1971
Anil Biswas Sautela Bhai 1962
Chhoti Chhoti Baaten 1965
C. Ramchandra Chhatrapati Shivaji 1952
Anarkali 1953
Ravi Dilli Ka Thug 1958
Jawani Ki Hawa 1959
Nai Raahen 1959
Mukul Roy Shailab 1956
Detective 1958
Pandit Ravi Shankar Anuradha 1960

Our friend Bhagwan Thavrani remembers: Tum Na Aaye Sanam Shama Jalti Rahi – Bhootnath (1963) – Vedpal – Lata mangeshkar – wherein he especially takes note of “Meri Awaz Ko Jaane Kyaa Ho Gaya, Main Baharon Men Gaati Rahi Jogiya.

We now take up regular take on Mohammad Rafi :

  • Mohammad Rafi- A short film on his life and songs – Part 1, Part 2 , Part 3 of film on the songs and life of legendary singer Mohammad Rafi, with inputs of Vinod Viplav, who has written his first biography-Meri Awaz Suno. This short film was produced and aired by CNBC News and Entertainment TV Channel.
  • Meri Awaaz Suno – Part 1 – Memories of Madan Mohan through his timeless melodies sung by Mohammad Rafi – Features introduction by Madanji, new nostalgic comments by Madanji and tributes by Mala Sinha, Khayyam and Jagjit Singh. It also features snippets of songs from Aakhari Dao (1958), Ghazal (1964), Suhagan (1964), Sharabi (1964), Haqueequat (1964) and Mera Saaya (1966).

Meri Awaaz Suno – Part 2 – Memories of Madan Mohan through his timeless melodies sung by Mohammad Rafi – Features tributes by Lataji, Pt. Shivkumar Sharma, Jaidev, Majrooh Sultanpuri and Jatin-Lalit. It also features snippets of songs from Aap Ki Parchhaiyan (1964), Dulhan Ek Raat Ki (1966), Heer Ranjha (1970), Naunihal (1967), Chirag (1969), Hanste Zakhm (1973), Laila Majnu (1976) and Tere Bagair (2009).

Each of our episodes is able to scratch the surface of all the great work done by a vast number of fans, lovers and knowledgeable people on the web, i.e. leaving out even a greater amount of documentation done on the print media. Let us salute these great work and join in bring up more and more of such work in our reach…….

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – May 2014

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Welcome to May 2014 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

We have taken up detailed look at the fundamentals of Nonconformity (Ref: Blog Carnival Edition of March 2014) / Nonconformance (Ref : Blog Carnival Edition of April 2014) as well as Conformity / Conformance, before we take in these words for a more specific angle of Quality.

In the present edition we switch our attention to Conformity, beginning with definitions:

Conformity @ Merriam-Webster Dictionary

: behavior that is the same as the behavior of most other people in a society, group, etc.

: the fact or state of agreeing with or obeying something

Synonyms

accord, accordance, agreement, conformance, congruence, congruency, congruity, consonance, harmony, tune

Antonyms

conflict, disagreement, incongruence, incongruity, incongruousness

Related Words

compatibility; assimilation, integration; oneness, solidarity, togetherness; affinity, empathy, sympathy

Near Antonyms

contrast, discrepancy, disparateness, disparity, dissimilarity, distinction, distinctiveness, distinctness, diverseness, diversity, unlikeness; deviance, divergence; discord, discordance, dissension (also dissention), dissent, dissidence, disunity, friction, strife; variability, variance; incompatibility

Conformity @ Dictionary.com

1. action in accord with prevailing social standards, attitudes, practices, etc.

2. correspondence in form, nature, or character; agreement, congruity, or accordance.

3. compliance or acquiescence; obedience.

4. ( often initial capital letter ) compliance with the usages of an established church, especially the Church of England.

5. Geology . the relationship between adjacent conformable strata.

We now turn to more fundamental aspects of conformity.

Conformity @ Wikipedia looks at the subject from a more general point of view.

Conformity is the act of matching attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors to group norms. Norms are implicit, unsaid rules, shared by a group of individuals, which guide their

Which line matches the first line, A, B, or C? In the Asch conformity experiments, people frequently followed the majority judgment, even when the majority was wrong.

Which line matches the first line, A, B, or C? In the Asch conformity experiments, people frequently followed the majority judgment, even when the majority was wrong.

interactions with others. This tendency to conform occurs in small groups and/or society as a whole, and may result from subtle unconscious influences, or direct and overt social pressure. Conformity can occur in the presence of others, or when an individual is alone.

Although peer pressure may manifest negatively, conformity can have good or bad effects depending on the situation. Driving on the correct side of the road could be seen as beneficial conformity. With the right environmental influence, conforming, in early childhood years, allows one to learn and thus, adopt the appropriate behaviours necessary to interact and develop correctly within one’s society. Conformity influences formation and maintenance of social norms, and helps societies function smoothly and predictably via the self-elimination of behaviors seen as contrary to unwritten rules. In this sense it can be perceived as a positive force that prevents acts that are perceptually disruptive or dangerous.

As conformity is a group phenomenon, factors such as group size, unanimity, cohesion, status, prior commitment, and public opinion help determine the level of conformity an individual displays.

In What Is Conformity? @ About.Com – Psychology Kendra Cherry refers to Deautsch and Gerard (1955), who have identified two key reasons why people conform: informational influence – happens when people change their behavior in order to be correct- and normative influence – from a desire to avoid punishments (such as going along with the rules in class even though you don’t agree with them) and gain rewards (such as behaving in a certain way in order to get people to like you).

Types of Conformity :
  • Normative conformity involves changing one’s behavior in order to fit in with the group.
  • Informational conformity happens when a person lacks knowledge and looks to the group for information and direction.
  • Identification occurs when people conform to what is expected of them based upon their social roles. Zimbardo’s famous Stanford Prison Experiment is a good example of people altering their behavior in order to fit into their expected roles.
  • Compliance involves changing one’s behavior while still internally disagreeing with the group.
  • Internalization occurs when we change our behavior because we want to be like another person.

In ‘ Deadly conformity is killing our creativity. Let’s mess about more’ Henry Porter @ the guardian | The Observer,

People’s lives would be more fulfilling if they were given greater freedom in the workplace……. apart from encouraging the well-appreciated conditions for creativity in the workplace, we perhaps need to understand that the structures for taking decisions and driving things forward are not the same ones we should use to find innovation and make the most of the unexploited 85% of our intelligence. Power and hierarchies are the enemy of creativity.

We now narrow down our area of study to some of the specific examples of conformity at work:

Conformity Analysis – As part of the transportation planning and programming process, The Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning (CMAP) staff evaluates the impact of proposed transportation activities on the region’s air quality.

Conformity of Production – Conformity of Production (COP) is a means of evidencing the ability to produce a series of products that exactly match the specification, performance and marking requirements outlined in the type approval documentation.

Please follow these links to documents that explain COP in more detail:

Conformity assessment is the process used to show that a product, service or system meets specified requirements…….The main forms of conformity assessment are certification, inspection and testing. Although testing is the most widely used, certification is the best known.

ISO has many standards relating to performing conformity assessment as well as many other publication and resources which can be accessed at resources for conformity assessment.

Next, we turn our sails to our regular sections, starting with an international body actively engaged in furtherance of quality- Abu Dhabi Quality and Conformity Council.

QCC is an Abu Dhabi government entity consisting  of a council of regulators with a mandate to ensure provision of quality infrastructure in line  with global standards, and to support regulators and government organizations through offering quality and conformity facilities, expertise and resources, promote a culture of quality towards consume.

And then move over to ASQ TV Episode- Lean with a Touch of Six Sigma – “You hear about lean and six sigma, and lean six sigma. Is there a difference? Learn how lean and six sigma work together and how NOT to mistake the tools.”

We would also leverage this opportunity to visit related videos:

Uncover the differences between Lean, Six Sigma and Lean Six Sigma – “Lean Six Sigma subject matter experts and instructors Chad Smith and Chris Hayes describe the core differences between Lean and Six Sigma.”

Waste Analysis – “The simplest thing an organization can do in applying lean is to identify waste in its processes and then work to eliminate them. To get started, conduct a waste analysis. It typically looks for waste in eight categories.” [Do visit identifying waste too.]

Is Lean (and Six Sigma) the way to go – “Lean expert, David Behling, and Six Sigma expert, Maria Pamment, discuss the relevance of lean and Six Sigma, the challenges of implementing lean and how to get executive support.” [Do visit David Behling's lean insights too.]

The Lighter Side–Lucy Hates Waste – In this classic comedy clip, we see an example of overproduction (one of the eight wastes of lean). Too bad eating extra product isn’t always a delicious option.

Lean Improves Response Time and Increases Revenue for Global Lender – One global lender was losing 40% of its applications for auto loans in Latin America. The organization used Six Sigma and lean tools to improve response time AND increase revenue in the process. [Do visit Case study too.]

Our ASQ’s Influential Voice for the month is – Dr. Lotto Lai

Dr. Lotto LaiBased in Hong Kong, China, Dr. Lotto Lai specializes in scientific research, quality assurance, and management. Dr. Lotto Lai has over 15 year hands-on experience in scientific research, quality assurance and management in Commercial Laboratory, University Testing Centre, Certification Body and Consultants Firm. He is Chairman & Fellow in HKSQ, MHKIE, SrMASQ, CMQOE and IRCA QMS Lead Auditor. He blogs at Quality Alchemist. The site already depicts publication of 52 posts in the year 2014, till date. The articles present a wide panorama of events that take place at HKSQ and other topics related to the subject of Quality.

We do not have a fresh insight this month in so far as Curious Cat Management Improvement Carnival category is concerned.

So we take a have look @ Interview on PDSA, Deming, Strategy and MoreBill Fox interviewed John Hunter and has posted the interview on his web site: Predicting Results in the Planning Stage.

I look forward to your active participation in enriching the blog carnival as we pursue our journey …………….

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