Welcome to our September, 2016 episode of ‘Fading Memories. Unforgettable Songs’.
We had dedicated our August, 2016 episode to Mohammad Rafi on his 36th death anniversary.
We will dedicate the present episode to the memory of Mukesh on his 40th death anniversary (22 July 1923 to 27 August 1976)
In quite a path breaking post, Mukesh’s vintage duets, Songs of Yore and quite active readers thereof have presented and discussed duets of Mukesh with singers of vintage era. The post has, necessarily therefore, chosen to 1949 as the cut-off year.
As it happens, in a concurrent series, Songs of 1949 @ SoY, I have had covered Solo Songs of Mukesh.
It so happens that 1949 has one more significance as well in so far as Hindi film songs of Mukesh is concerned. This is the year in which he had repeated, in a consecutive year, playback for the famous triad of heroes of the Golden Era – Raj Kapoor, Dev Anand and Dilip Kumar. Not that he had rendered voice for each of this three upcoming Greats for the first time. In the past he had several such songs that had acquired high praise from critics and great box-office runs for the records.
For Raj Kapoor:
Baharon Ne Jise Chheda Woh Saaz-e-Jawani Hai – Sunehare Din (1949) – Gyan Dutt – Shezvan Rizvi
We do get very strong indicators of signature Mukesh as Raj Kapoor’s playback alter ego here.
Of course, we certainly shall not miss Barsaat. But as far as songs were concerned, it was more a Lata Mangeshkar show than that of Mukesh. Mukesh had two duets in the film – each one of a diametrically opposite tastes and far more different appeal. The only solo filmed on Raj Kapoor has Mohammad Rafi’s voice.
For Dev Anand:
Yeh Duniya Hai… Yahan Dil Ka Lagana Kis Ko Aata Hai – Shair (1949) – with Lata Mangeshkar – Ghulam Mohammad – Shakeel Badayuni
As we do not have any solo of Mukesh for Dev Anand, we will make an exception to include a Male Female Duet in this case.
For Dilip Kumar:
Andaz was simply a blockbuster, on any and all counts…..All songs that Dilip Kumar had enacted on screen were played back by Mukesh and were roaring hits….compared to Raj Kapoor lip-singing his songs in Mohammad Rafi’s voice with a rather tepid audience response…. Who would have imagined that the picture will be exactly reversed in so far as the default voice of each of them by the turn of the decade just a couple of years away!!!
Toote Na Dil Toote Na– Andaz (1949) – Naushad – Majrooh Sultanpuri
And that provides us the setting for revisiting Mukesh’s solo songs, right from his debut film, 1941 – Nirdosh – till 1948 – wherein he playedback songs for the great triad in one given year, for the first time.
If there is more than one solo song in a film, I have chosen only one for the purpose of today’s episode.
Dil Hi Bujha Hua Ho To Fasle Bahaar Kyaa – Nirdosh (1941) – Ashok Ghosh – Neelkanth Tiwari
If this song has the historic credit of being Mukesh’s first recorded song for Hindi Films, Nirdosh itself also has the distinction of being the film in which Mukesh also acted for the first time ever ON the screen.
In the next year, Mukesh did have a film in which he acted too – Dukh Sukh . It had two duets with Sitara. Music was composed by Khemchand Prakash. Before the sudden demise, just before his torch bearer song for the Golden Era – Aayega Aanewala- had hit the public, it seems he and Mukesh could not leave behind some solo songs for us.
In 1943, we have Adab Arz, in which Mukesh had played a character from a rich family who married gardener’s daughter in the end. Based on Urdu culture Mukesh played a Muslim role. Gyan Dutt was the music director. The film does not have any song of Mukesh though. We get the first test of their collaborative effort in terms of a solo song in Sunehare Din (1949).
1944 also had one film – Us Paar – in which Firoze Nizami had composed the music and has only one duet of Mukesh – with Kusum (Jara Bolo Ri Haan)in the album.
1945 would remain a very important milestone in the Mukesh’s singing career. Anil Biswas recorded Dil Jalata Hai, which blazed a trail on which Mukesh went on to scale great heights. The film also had one more Mukesh solo:
Tay Kar Ke Badi Door Ki Poorpech Nagariya – Pehli Nazar (1945) – Anil Biswas – Dr. Safdar ‘Aah’
1945 had another film – Moorti, in which Mukesh did get to sing for Motilal under the baton of Bulo C Rani. Hasino Ko Hasino Se Muhabbat Ho Hi Jaati Hai remains quite known. Mukesh successfully continues to clone K L Saigal. We will also listen to:
Mana Ke Tum Haseen Ho,Eh-Le Shabab Ho – Moorti (1945) – Bulo C Rani – Pandit Indra Chandra
The cloning continues into singing a Ghazal-style composition.
During 1946, we see three films in Mukesh’s bag.
Chehra had one duet, with Shamshad Begum and one solo –
O Praani Kyaa Soche Kyaa Hoye – Chehraa (1946) -,MA Mukhtar – Ishwar Chandra Kapoor
Rajputani also had one duet with Hamida Banu and one solo –
Kiye Ja Pyar Kiye Jaa Na Himmat Haar, Kabhi Inkaar, Kabi Ikraar – Bulo C Rani – Pandit Indra
Rasili had only one duet, but that is a male-male duet, with Narayan. Again a first for Mukesh….
Aaghaaz Chalaa, Anjaam Chalaa, Wah Rota Hua Nakaam Chala – Raseeli (1946) – Composed and written by: Hanuman Prasad
The 1947 has 6 films that have Mukesh Songs –
Beete Din had one solo –
Arsho Pe Sitaara Hai Woh – Beete Din (1947) – Pandit Dinkar Rao – Pandit Faani / H. Tanveer (?)
Do Dil had two duets with Suraiya, one duet with Rajkumar and three solos of which have picked up only one here –
Jia Beimaan, … Bas Mein Paraye Hai, Ghadi Ghadi Bhar Aaye Hai – Do Dil – Pandit Govind Ram – D N Madhok
Neel Kamal, which had Raj Kapoor in the lead role, had two duets with Johrabai Ambalewali and one with Hamida Banu. Mukesh had one song in which Mukesh blends with chorus to sing the credit title song for the film –
Shri Kamal Netra Stotram – Neel Kamal – B Vasudev
Chhin Le Azadi had one duet with Shamshad Begum and Dak Banagla had one duet with Suraiya.
Tohafaa had two duets with Hamida Banu and three solos, of which we have picked up one solo here –
Kisne Chheda Man Ka Taar … – Tohfa – M A Rauf – Shant Aroda
With that we come to the last sections of our circle, the year 1948.
This year we see Mukesh’s presence on a far wider compass of music directors –
Anjuman had a duet with Shamshad Begum and a solo of Mukesh –
Woh Teer Kaleje Par Ik Shokh Ne Maara Hai – Anjuman – Bulo C Rani – Majrooh Sultanpuri
Ghulam Mohammad composed Grahasthi had one duet with Shamashd Begum., Pugree had one duet with Sitara (of Kanpur), Ali Husain Muradabad composed O Jaanewale had two duets with Shamshad Begum., Toote Taare (Shaukat Ali a.k.a Nashad) had two duets with Geeta Roy
Gunjan had two solos, of which we have picked up one:
Koi Din Zindagi Ke Gungunakar Hi Bitata Hai – Gunjan – Ashok Ghosh – Saraswati Kumar Deepak
Pardesi (Ghulam Haider) also had one duet – with Lata Mangeshkar.
Pardesi Mehmaan had one duet with Husn Bano and one solo –
Hoshiyaar Naujawaan Jag Ae Naujawan, Jal Raha Tera Makaan, Jal Raha Tera Hindostan – Pardesi Mehmaan – Hanraj Behl – Pt Indra
HFGK records two songs in Mukesh’s name for Shree Rambhakta Hanuman simply because other records may not have specifically the name of the singer.
Tum Bin Soona Jeevan Mera – Shree Rambhakta Hanuman – SN Tripathi – Pandit Indra/ B D Mishra (?)
Suhaag Raat had one duet with Rajkumai and a solo –
Lakhi Bulbul Mere Kaahe Ko Deenhi Vides – Suhaag Raat – Snehal Bhatkar – Ameer Kushro
Veena had three solos, of which we have picked up one:
Mere Sapnon Ki Rani Re – Veena – Anil Biswas – Narendra Sharma https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FGXw4txpz08
The year has Mukesh singing for all three Great of India Hindi Film Triad, for the first time in the same year –
Aag was Raj Kapoor’s maiden directorial venture.
Zinda Hun Is Tarah Ke Gam-e Zindagi Nahin –Aag – Ram Ganguly – Behzad Lakhnavi
In Vidya, Dev Anand teams up with Suraiya. The film had one duet and one solo –
Bahe Na Kabhi Nain Se Neer – Vidya – SD Burman – YN Joshi
Dilip Kumar had two films – Anokha Pyar and Mela. The former had Anil Biswas and later had Naushad as music director respectively.
Jeevan Sapna Toot Gaya – Anokha Pyar – Anil Biswas – Zia Sarhadi
This one also had a marvelous Lata Mangeshkar version too.
Mela was a roaring success. It had three duets with Shamshad Begum and a widely popular solo –
Gaaye Ja Geet Milan Ke Sjan Ghar Jaana Hai – Mela – Naushad – Shakeel Badayuni
So…… this is the history of Mukesh at his vintage best……
We will end our present episode of Vintage Mukesh with a duet in company of vintage Mohammad Rafi –
Jale Jalanewale Humko Jaise Mombatti – Chilman (1949)– Mohammed Rafi and Mukesh – Hanuman Prasad – P L Santoshi
If you have songs to share, you are most heartily welcome…..