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Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: September 2022

(Shankar-) Jaikishan and Hasrat Jaipuri’s Songs Fading From the Memory: 1963

Hasrat Jaipuri (a.k.a. Iqbal Hussain) – B: 15-4-1922 | D: 17-9-1999 – is probably a lyricist who worked with maximum number of big and small composers ever since he joined RK team (and was allowed to do ‘outside’ work) till he passed away in 1999. And that never affected his bond with Shankar-Jaikishan-Shailendra team bond. It is said that his first ever song, Jiya Beqarar Hai, recorded for Barsaat (1949) was set to Music by Shankar whereas the second one Chhod Gaye Balam was composed by Jaikishan.

The success of Barsaat led to a deluge of work and division of work among each one was a necessity of the day. The inherent individual preferences lead Shankar to compose Shailendra’s songs and Jaikishan (a.k.a. Jaikishan Dahyabhai Panchal) – B: 4 November 1929 | D: 12 September 1971] to compose Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs.

During ‘50s too there are several films where Shankar(-Shailendra) songs outnumbered Jaikishan (-Hasrat Jaipuri) Songs. When such instances did happen, Jaikishan continued to lead his natural bent of orchestration. However, in minefield like film industry where every success would attract envy from outside competition, it cannot be expected to be unusual for strong friendship, or even professional, relationships to get infected by the natural human jealousy to weaken and fall apart.

By the 60s, extremely heavy workloads, coupled with such negative external pressures had gradually led Shankar and Jaikishan virtually work individually under the umbrella of Shankar Jaikishan brand. However, there is no denying that pair of Shankar and Jaikishan as composers, Shailendra and Hasrat Jaipuri as lyricists had almost perfect bonding as team, till first the death of Shailendra (1966) and then that of Jaikishan (1971) finally loosened up that never-to-be-loosening four-way bond. It should also be noted here that even after the death of Jaikishan Shankar continued work solo under the flag of Shankar Jaikishan brand only.

But, these inherent or otherwise internal preferences or differences is the not our subject. In the month of Jaikishan’s birth, and Hasrat Jaipuri’s death, we have undertaken to refresh our memories of (Shankar) Jaikishan and Hasrat Jaipuri’s Songs Fading From the Memory on this platform. After we launched the series in 2017, we have covered the years

1949 -1954 in 2017

1955 – 1957 in 2018

1958 – 1959 in 2019,

1960 -1961 in 2020, and

1962 in 2021.

Presently, we will take up (Shankar) Jaikishan and Hasrat Jaipuri’s Songs the Memory for the year 1963. Some of the songs certainly have not faded out from our memory but do need to be taken note of in the context of so-called widening rift between Shankar and Jaikishan.

1963

Shankar Jaikishan had three films – Dil Ek Mandir, Ek Dil Sau Afsane and Hamrahi – in 1963. Dil Ek Mandir and Ek Dil Sau Afsane each had 7 songs, for each of which Shailendra had 4 and Hasrat Jaipuri had 3 songs. Hamrahi had 8 songs of which Hasrat Jaipuri had 5 and Shailendra had 3.

Dil Ek Mandir was a remake of Tamil film Nenjil Ore Ayalam (1962). The whole picture was completed in just 27 days only., and probably the SJ-Shailendra-Hasrat team only could come up with such outstanding musical score in so short a time. Their one big asset was that they could deliver excellent quality despite the challenges of time or quantity. Incidentally, Rajendra Kumar and Raaj Kumar won Filmfare awards under different categories and Arjun Dev Rasq for the dialogues.

Hum Tere Pyar Mein Saara Aalam Kho Baithe Hain, Tum Kahate Ho Ke Aise Pyar Ko Bhul Jao – Lata Mangeshkar

Hasrat Jaipuri comes up lyrics that we normally would not associate with his light romantic songs. Let us look at them in details…..

panchhi se chhudakar uska ghar, tum apne ghar par le aaye
ye pyar ka pinjara man bhaaya, hum ji bhar bhar kar musakaye
jab pyar hua is pinjare se, tum kahne lage aazaad raho
hum kaise bhulaye pyar tera, tum apni jubaan se ye na kaho
ab tumsa jahaan me koi nahi hai, hum to tumhare ho baithe

is teri charan ki dhool se hum ne apni jiwan maang bhari
jab hi to suhaagan kahlaayi, duniya ki najar mein pyaar bani
tum pyar ki sundar moorat ho, aur pyar hamari puja hai
ab in charno mein dam nikle, bas itni aur tamanna hai
hum pyar ke gangaajal se balam ji tan man apna dho baithe

sapnoN ka darpan dekha tha, sapnoN kaa darpan tod diya
ye pyar ka aanchal humne to daaman se tumhare baandh liya
ye aisi gaanth hain ulfat ki, jisko naa koi bhi khol saka
tum aan base jab is dil mein, dil fir to kahi na dol saka
o pyar ke saagar hum teri laharo mein naaw dubo baithe

Here is the Tamil version of the song, Sonnathu neethaanaa.. sol sol, which incidentally too has a story of the lyricist coming up with the lyrics almost instantaneously.

Aside Trivia:

Even though such comparisons should never be done, one may still listen to Shankar-Shailendra composition, Ruk Ja Raat Thahar Jaa Re Chanda, to feel how seamlessly the quartet used to work.

Yahan Koi Nahi Tera Mere Siva Kaheti Hai Jhoomati Gaat Hawa Tum Sab Ko Chhod Ke Aa Jao – Mohammad Rafi

Decorated with rich prelude and Mohammad Rafi’s Rajendra Kumar-like histrionics the song is tailor-made to Rajendra Kuamr’s acting style

Dil Ek Mandir Hai. Pyar Ki Jis Mein Hoti Hai Puja Yeh Pritam Ka Ghar Hai – Mohammad Rafi, Suman Kalyanpur, chorus

The song opens with a high-pitched Sakhi, jane wale kabhi nahi aate jane wale ki yaad aati hai, in Rafi’s signature style. However, the rest of the song is another proof, if that is ever needed, for Hasrat Jaipuri’s depth of poetry:

har dhadkan hai aarti bandhan aankh jo michi ho gaye darshan
mout mita de chahe hasti yaad to amar hai

hum yadoN ke phul chdhayein aur aansuoN ke dip jalayein
sansoN ka har tar pukare ye prem nagar hai

Skillfully playing with ups and downs of one-an-half scale weave, the song also epitomizes Jaikishan creativity in the form of use of chorus as countermelody.

Aside Trivia:

The Tamil version of the song, Oruvar vaazhum aalayam, would also show how the SJ music team has creatively reconstructed the song in the Hindi version with their own trademark style.

Ek Dil Sau Afsane had Madhubala in the lead originally. The shooting had started in 1959, but Madhubala’s worsening heart condition left the progress of the film incomplete. Waheeda Rehman was then brought in the lead female role and all the relevant shots were re-filmed.

Ek Dil Aur Sau Afsane Haye Muhabbat Haye Zamane – Lata Mangeshkar

Hasrat Jaipuri and Shailendra easily switched to role of writing title songs as well.

Jaikishan provides the song with their trademark violin ensemble orchestration with melodious mixing with other instruments.

Urdu words mixed Hasrat Jaipuri’s lyrics do attract the attention.

dil jo na hota kuch bhi na hota, aankh na roti aur dard na uthta
apna ye daman bol bhi gata, kaun kisi ke pyar mein yuN khota

dil jo lagaya chain na paya, sare jahaN ka iljam uthaya
gake sunaye apna tarana, ye to janam janam se hota hi aaya

tu meri manjil pyar ka sahil, jauN kidhar main hai tu hi muqabil
o mere hamdam ek hai mushqil, kar ke rahenge hum tujhko hi hasil

Aside Trivia:

Shankar Jaikishan normally used to reserve one song in every film with extra-large orchestrion. In the present case, its Shankar who has composed such a song with his trademark ‘waltz’ dance rhythm , Dur Ke O Chanda Aa Meri BaahoN Mein Aa, on the lyrics by Shailendra. One more example was how seamlessly the quartet worked.

Kuchh Sher Sunata Hoon Main, Jo Tumse Mukhaatib Hain, Ek Husn Pari Dil Mein Hai, Ye Unse Mukhaatib Hai – Mukesh

In so far as the use of Urdu, the song can be easily identified with Hasrat Jaipuri. However, what is really noteworthy is its synchronization in creating the mood of a party song with an undertone of pathos – the trade mark Raj Kapoor’s depiction of Charlie Chaplin on the Hindi screen,

Aside Trivia:

Shankar- Shailendra take the role of creating a light-mood song in  Suno Ji Suno Hamari Bhi Suno

O Jadoogar Pyar Ke Ye Bata Dil Mera KyuN Tera Ho Gaya   – Lata Mangeshkar

Normally it is believed that a dance song is reserved for Shankar, but in the present case it is Jaikishan-Hasrat Jaipuri who step in the role, with all the trappings of Jaikishan’s orchestrations style.

Hamrahi (1963) may be seen as a signal in the trend of Jaikishan charting his independent course., after Jab Pyar Kis Sse Hota Hai (1961) where Shankar has composed just two songs. Of course, during 50s, there are many a film wherein Jaikishan would have a couple of songs in a film, But the rumor mill of industry had not sense anything wrong then.

Well. Well, to step into this quicksand of controversy is not our subject. So we would rather stick to our course and take up the songs for more attention.

It was perhaps Shankar Jaikishan who had provided the medium to Rajendra Kumar for rise to the level of Jubilee Kumar. These films were set to a very fixed template – Rajendra Kumar would be attracted by the charm of the heroine, sing a song in  the garden while teasing her, to which she would scorn at the beginning of the song but would fully fall into the love with Rajendra Kumar, then would follow a duet of that manifested the agreement, some or other thing would go wrong, the dual would fall apart, Rajendra Kumar would now get to sing a sad song in some forlorn place, and then everything would end well in the end.

Hamrahi was the film that used that template faithfully, and did succeed too, of course.

Main Albela Jawaan Hoon Rangila, Aye Dil Manzil Hai Pyar Ki, Jhoom Jhoom GauN NazaroN Pe ChhauN, Sanam Mehfil Bahar Ki – Mohammad Rafi

The song is supposed to set the stage for presenting us with a young man who is just care-free, even in the case of his dealings with the girls. Just as most of dames Rajendra Kumar sings the song do not fall into the trap, the poor cinegoer has to coast along with story line.

Woh Chale Jatak Ke Daman, Meri Arzoo Mitake – Mohammad Rafi

This the song genre that Shankar Jaikishan had almost patented for Rajendra Kumar’s eve-teasing formula, with Mohammad Rafi joining in with his unique- Rajendra-Kuamr-like histrionic singing style.

Mujhko Apne Gale Lagalo Aye Mere Hamrahi – Mohammad Rafi, Mubarak Begum

There many stories circulating about (Shankar)Jaikishan’s choice of Mubarak Begum for the song. However nowhere do we get a clue how Jaikishan would have ever thought of Mubarak Begum only for the song. Be that as it may, Jaikishan has not only set up a high pedestal for Mubarak Begum but has also set a higher benchmark for duets as well.

Woh Din Yaad Karo, Woh Chhupke Milna, Woh Hasana Hasana, Woh Din Yaad Karo –  Mohammd Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar

Mahmood and Shohha Khote were also a popular pir that would contribute to the box-office success of the film. They would generally be provided with a very decent song sequence too which they would enact so naturally as well.

Yeh Aansoo Mere Dil Ki Zabaan Hai, Main RouN To Ro Dein Aansoo, Main Has DuN To Has Dein Aansoo – Mohammad Rafi

The song on its own is a perfect outcome from the sad song mold that Shankar Jaikishan had designed for Rajendra Kumar.

Whether Hamrahi can be seen as early straw in the wind that portends the beginning of diminishing return for Shankar Jaikishan for their overdependence on “Shammi Kapoor” or Rajendra Kumar” image formula template?

We await for the next episodes to validate the hypothesis…..

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month next year too……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

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Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs : August 2022

Shailendra’s Songs Composed by Kishore Kumar

Shailendra’s – a.k.a. Shankardas Kesarilal (B: 30-8-1923/ D: 14-12-1966), though formally trained as a welding specialist during the course of his study of mechanical and electrical engineering diploma, was a natural poet. Many of his songs have been inspired by small, seemingly insignificant, real-life situations. His deep concern for the basic human values then transformed those sparks of inspiration of the songs that were so meaningful and delivered through the medium of so simple lyrics, that songs of Shailendra not only were liked by the masses but were also appreciated by the critics.

Out of the total songs that Shailendra penned for the Hindi films, obviously Shanker Jaikishan’s compositions have lion’s share. Then, Salil Chowdhury, S D Burman, and Roshan also have had substantial body of work with Shailendra.  Equally interesting is Shailendra’s work with ‘other’ music directors with whom he did mostly one or at best two or three films. We started taking a look at Shailendra’s songs with “other” music directors form the year 2017. Till now we have covered Shailendra’s Songs with

Roshan in 2018,

Hemant Kumar, Ravi and Kalyanji-Anandji in 2019

S N Tripathi, Anil Biswas and C Ramchandra in 2020

Shardul Kwatra and Mukul Roy in 2021

Presently, we will take up Shailendra’s songs composed by Kishore Kumar.

The core inner artist in Kishore Kumar can be seen in many incarnations of singer, actor, producer, director, music composer, dialogue writer and even a lyricist in his 1.0 phase of pre-Aradhana (1969) career. Like himself, the films he made, and therefore the songs that he composed wavered around serious, philosophical subjects and moods at one extreme to ‘loony’ clownish light subjects. Kishore Kumar composed around 120 songs for 7 films, of which lyrics for 14 songs (3 films) have been penned by Shailendra.

The songs selected here attempts to present as many varieties of compositions and moods as it tries to include variety of the playback singers.

Door Gagan Ki Chaon Mein (1964): –

Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Mein remains Kishore’s most mature artistic venture- as a filmmaker, as an actor and as a composer. It is therefore no surprise that we find Shailendra also in so natural mood in the songs for the film. If Aa Le Ke Chale Tujhe Us Door Gagan Ke Tale has undercurrent of hope, Jin Raaton Ki Bhor NahiN Hai has forlorn sense of despair.

Albele Din Pyaare Mere …. ….  Koi Lauta De Mere Beete Hue Din – Kishore Kumar

It is said that when Kishore Kumar explained the situation of the song to Shailendra it was with so much of pain and pathos that Shailendra simply walked off for a solitary stroll along the seaside. When he returned, he penned out this song. The sakhi of the song has that innate sense of nostalgia that brings up the main body of the song with an undercurrent of hope.

Kishore Kumar presents Asha Bhosle in three moods in the film – the melodious and soothing lullaby-genre Khoya Khoya Chanda Khoye Khoye Taare on one end and Path Bhoola Ek Aaya Musafir of deep pathos at the other end  with an erotic mujra dance song at the center

Chhod Meri Baiyan Balam Beiman, Aate Jaate Dekh Lega Koi – Asha Bhosle

It seem that song was finally not included in the film.

O Jag Ke Rakhwale, Humein Tujh Bein Kaun Sambahle –  Manna Dey, Kishore Kumar and chorus

Father and son find solace in the soothing words of the devotional song being sung at a nearby temple, and also place themselves at the mercy of that Almighty.

Kishore Kumar has so effectively used chorus in the composition of the song.

Rahi Tu Ruk Mat Jaana, Toofan Se Mat Ghabarana – Hemant Kumar

The song captures the essence of the story of the film, in that it enjoins the traveler that a human being must keep moving on under all types of circumstances.

Spread over three different situations in the film, Kishore Kumar has so rightly chosen Hemant Kumar for this bhatiyali-based composition.

Hum Do Daku (1967)

Hum Do Daku is a comedy film

Pag Gungroo Badh Guru Naache Re  – Kishore Kumar,chorus)

We have a here a pure parody song, which probably was not released.

Allah Allah Bande Bandagi Mein Allah – Kishore Kumar-Anoop Kumar

It seems that Kishore Kumar  and Anoop Kumar have adopted some make-over of two fakirs and then sing this song a s prank.

Ae Haseeno Nazneeno Nazar Chura-Chura – Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle, Usha Mangeshkar, chorus

The pranks of two masquerading comedians seems to have landed them in the club.

Door Ka Rahi (1971): –

Door Ka Rahi is in many senses what Kishore Kumar himself was, like an iceberg. Singing which was only its tip. That Kishore Kumar was far to ahead of his most popular face of a singer is evident in the titles of the film, wherein we see him as story and screenplay writer, music composer, producer, and director, and of course the actor over and above as a singer. Shailendra too moved on to his final sojourn into the world where the mortal life ends. That is why he has penned just two songs for the film, all other songs written by A Irshad. As if this was not enough, his second, Madhubbala, breathed her last while making of the film.

Chali Chali Jaaye Zindagi Ki Dagar… Kabhi Khatm Na Ho Ye Safar, Manzil Ki Use Kuchh Bhi Na Khabar, Phir Bhi Chala Jaye, Door Ka Raahi – Hemant Kumar-chorus

As we look at the video clip, we do realize the keen sense that, as a director, Kishore Kumar had to present the mood and message in the right frame. Moreover, what a composition he has been able carve out for those prophetic lyrics of Shailendra!

Ek Din Aur Gaya Haye Roke Na Ruka, Chaayaa Andhiyara Aaj Bhi Naav Na Aaai, Aaya Na Khevan Haaraa, Ek Din Aur Gaya – Manna Dey

Kishore Kumar has used Bengali folk tune to telling effect.

Aside Trivia: The Bengali version of the song was rendered by Kishor Kumar himself.

Wow! What a stunning effect Shailendra and Kishore Kumar have been able to create in seemingly so short association!

On that note, we await what our next episode of Shailendra’s songs composed by ‘other’ music directors has in store for us………….

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month too……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

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Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs : July 2022

Mohammad Rafi’s First Duet Song With The Music Director

Second Five-Year Period: 1949 -1953

Many historians of Hindi Film Music consider the year 1949 as the transition year when HFM can be positively seen to be entering era of Golden Period, with Lata Mangeshkar and Mohammad Rafi, the two major singers of Golden Era, occupying the undisputed center stage. One indicator which perhaps validates this hypothesis is presence of more and more music directors who remained active during the Golden period in so far as the duets of Mohammad Rafi during the presently under consideration 5-year period of 1949 to 1953.

To commemorate the birth and death anniversaries of Mohamad Rafi, we have commenced a series on Mohammad Rafi’s first duet with a music director.  Our journey began with the 1st Five-Year Period of 1944 to 1948 in the year 2021. We take up the Male-Male or Triad as well as a regular Male-Female duet in the present series because our main purpose to revisit maximum possible duets of Mohammad Rafi.

Presently we will take up the 2nd Five-Year Period of 1949 to 1953.

1949

The year has Mohammad Rafi’s duets, almost, in the proportion of 2: 1 as compared the solos. Even with the Mohammad Rafi duets with two music directors for the year 1949 not available for these two music directors, we have been able to cover 14 music directors in 1949!

As such, we will cover the year 1949 in two parts, to be able to relish the songs thoroughly.

[1]

Naushad had composed first two duets for Mohammad Rafi in 1944 for the film Pahele Aap. Both were Male-Male duets. Naushad has since then deployed Mohaamad Rafi for the male-female duet only during 1949.  Even then, in the year 1949, for Andaz, Mohammad Rafi still was not the playback voice for major lead, Dilip Kumar, of the triangle Raj Kapoor and Nargis. However, the film did have two duets wherein Rafi plays back for Raj Kapoor. Of the two Yun To Apas Mein Bigadate Hain Khafa Hote Hain is a light composition, and is retained in the film

Sun To Dil Ka Afsana – Andaz – with Lata Mangeshkar – Naushad – Majarooh Sultanpuri

This song was finally not included in the film

Naushad had two more films in 1949 Chadani Raat and Dulari. Chandani Raat had three Rafi-Shamshad Begum duets – Chhin Ke Dil KyuN Pher Li Aankhein, Kaise Baje Dil Ki Sitar and Khabar Kya Thi Ki Gham Khana Padega whereas Dulari has two Rafi -Lata duets Mil Mil Ke Gayenge Do Dil Yahaan and Raat Rangili Mast Nazare Geet Sunaye Chand Sitare. The first two duets of Chandani Rat and both the Dulari duets had become quite popular.

Husnlal Bhagatram had as many as five duets and five triads for Rafi 1949 over. Of these we have picked up one duet with Suraiya, and one triad with Lata Mangeshkar and Geeta Dutt, so that we get as many duets  / duets+ songs different the co-singers.

Aataa Hai Zindgi Mein Bhala Pyar Kis Tarha – Baalam – with Suraiya – Lyrics: Qamar Jalalabadi

I had not heard this song before, but once I did, I liked it even though it has many strapping of vintage era. Of course, Rafi sounds his normal – what we get to hear in the 50s and Suraiya is, as always, so sweet to listen to.

Husnlal Bhagatram have two more duets with Suraiya, for the film Naach – Ae Ishq Hamein Barbad Na Kar (Lyrics: Sharshar Sailani) and Chhaya Sama Suhana (Lyrics: Kaif Irfani).

‘Jaltarang’ had one duet with Lata Mangeshkar – Zara Tumne Dekha To Pyar Ho Gaya (Lyrics: Kaif Irfani) and one with Shamshad Begum – Musafir Sada Geet Gaye Chala Chal (Lyrics: Sudarshan Faakir)

And now triads:

Lab Pe Fariyad Hai Dil Barbad Hai – Naach – with Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Dutt – Lyrics: Mulk Raj Bhakri

It may not be inaccurate to assume that the dancing singers may be performing a street dance, because in (only) Hindi films these people can so accurately read the thought of the protagonist’s mind and put them in words on his /her behalf. The hero sems to perform the soliloquy of spelling out his mind, perhaps on the push by the force of the line these dancers sing. Even as hero is in pensive mood and the two female actresses sing in a very energetic mood, the song was well received in those days. Rafi goes in hyper-drive tone at the end!

It would be interesting to see the way the song would have been filmed.

Two other triads in the film were Kyun Karata Maan Jawani Ka (with Lata and Geeta Dutt; Lyrics: Mulk Raj Bhakri) and Namaste Ji Namaste Ji Hamara Tumhara Jeevan Beete Hansate (with Shamshad Begum and Zohrabai Ambalewali; Lyrics: Nazim Panipati).

For the songs of Hamari Manzil, HFGK mentions Geeta Dutt and Mohammad Rafi and chorus as singers for Badla Hua Duniya Mein Ulfat Ka Zamana Hai, Woh Aur Zamana Tha Ye Aur Zamana Hai and Geeta Dutt, Mohammad Rafi and other voice for Andhere Se Na Dar Kaante Banegi KaliyaN, but both these songs have S D Batish as third singer.

Shyam Sundar is widely credited with offering Mohammad Rafi his first ever song, a triad, in the Hindi films, that for Gaon Ki Gori (1945). Presently we have Shyam Sundar composing two duets for Rafi, both with Lata Mangeshkar, a triad – Chhalla De Ja Nishani Teri Meharbani (with Shamshad Begum and Satish Batra: Lyrics Qamar Jalalabadi) for Bazaar.

Ae Mohabbat Unse Milne Ka Bahana Ban Gaya – Bazar – Lyrics: Qamar Jalabadi

This as well as the other duet Apni Nazar Se Door Woh should rank among the finest duets by Rafi and Lata.

Haaye Yeh Bholi Suratwale – Chaar Din – with S D Batish, Iqbal, Rajkumari, Lata Mangeskar, Johrabai Ambalewali – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

This hexad is essentially composed in qawwali style.

Hanuman Prasad is also well-known music director vintage era.

Jale Jalaane Wale Humko Jaise Mombatti – Chilman – with Mukesh – Lyrics: P L Santoshi

Two friends merrily laugh away the world’s critical view of their carefree way of living.

What a coincidence! 1949 has one more Mohammad Rafi, Mukesh duet

Snehal Bhatkar is the music director who has composed that Mohammad Rafi – Mukesh duet.

Baat To Kuchh Bhi Nahin Dil Hai Ki Bhar Aaya Hai – Thes – with Mukesh – Lyrics: Kedar Sharma

Mukesh is assigned the pathos part of the song and Rafi with the role of counseling him!

We will take up the rest of 1949’s Mohammad Rafi’s First Duet Song with eight other Music Directors in our December 2022 episode.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month next year too……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

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Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs : June 2022

Dattaram – Dekhi Teri Duniyaa Arre Dekhe Tere Kaam

Dattaram (a.k.a. Dattaram Lakshman Wadkar) – B: 1929 | D: 8 June 2007) is that notable name that remains etched in the history of Hindi Film Music as ‘an unsung composer’. Whether Dattaram’s continuing as SJ’s assistant was a tactical error, or whether he could not create his own ‘musical identity’ or was so modest that he would unhesitatingly respond to the calls by other music directors to play dholak and such theories that postulate the reason(s) for such a fate remain inconclusive. However, as we listen to his compositions of the years when the work came to him in bits and pieces, Dattaram’s music comes out as fresh as it was when he stepped out as independent music director.

We have commenced a series on Dattaram that focuses on the songs from the films where he is independent music director, to commemorate the month of death anniversary.

Till now we have covered, Dattaram’s compositions from the films during

1957 to 1959 in 2018,

1960 and 1961 in 2019, and

1962 and 1963 in 2020

1965 in 2021

Dattaram did not seem to have any film in 1966 and 1967.  He had one film Farishta in 1968 and two films, Baalak and Beqasoor in 1969.We will listen to the songs from these three films in the present episode.

Farishta (1968)

Dattaram teams up with Asad Bhopali, a highly respected lyricist, for the film.

Duniya Ek Jhamela Hai …. …. … , O Diwane Humse Mil Aa Mila Le Dil Se Dil – Asha Bhosle

In line with the thriller film formula, whenever something exciting is going to happen, a club song pops in. Dattaram takes up the cue and sets the tone with guitar-based dance tune.

Dekhi Teri Duniyaa Arre Dekhe Tere Kaam – Mukesh

The song situation is framed as a street song, where the song being rendered by the performer fits the state of mind of the lead actor. The song is meant to convey sorrowful pensive mood and that seems to have led Dattaram to choose Mukesh as the playback singer.

Ek Khoobsurat Ladki Meri Nayi Mulaqati – Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle

Dattaram seems to finally awake to the reality of using Kishore Kumar for a mischievous song.

Does it not sound very prophetic, just a year before Kishore Kumar was to sweep the market with his Aaradhana numbers!

Bhaiyya Mere Pyaare Raakhi Bandhaao Bhaiyya – Asha Bhosle

Dattaram comes with a very original, fresh, dance tune for a traditional ‘rakhi’ situation

Rut Badli More Rasiya Mile, Rasiya Mile Ji Man Basiya Mile – Asha Bhosle

Dattaram creates a very playful tune for song that reflects the happy mood of the protagonist.

Baalak (1969)

Baalak was film based on an idealist story, but hardly made any impact on the box office. The songs for the film are penned by Bharat Vyas.

Sun Le Bapu Yeh Paigam, Meree Chitthi Tere Naam – Suman Kalyanpur

As I listen to the song, I recall that this child song was heard quite often on radio those days. That in turn goes on to show that Dattaram had not lost his touch after a good decade of his stupendous entery with the Ab Dilli Door Nahi numbers.

Bhagwan Ki Dekho Bhul Bichad Gaya Dali Se  Ek Phul – Mohammad Rafi

As generally is the case with the background songs, this song also encapsulates the essence of the story of the film. Dattaram easily turns back to Mohammad Rafi for the playback.

Chandaniya….. Chandaniya Hai Raat Sajan Rahiyo Ke Jayiyo – Asha Bhosle

Dattaram seems to have fallen back on Shankar’s style of orchestration for this mujra song

Mera Naam Hai Mehmud Rahta Har Jagah Maujud – Shanti Mathur

Dattaram’s adroitness in selecting the playback singers is reflected in the selection of Nanha Munna Rahi Hun (Son of India, 1962) fame Shanti Mathur as playback for the song.

Beqasoor (1969)

The film, which appears to a Hindi-film-formula, B grade, stunt film, had four songs, all written by Farooq Kaiser.

O Sanam Mera Saath Dena Pyar Ki Raah Mein – Suman Kalyanpur, Mohammad Rafi

Dattaram composes a playful romantic mood duet.

Rukhsana…… Haye Rukhsana .. Dekhoji Mere Pichhe Mat Aana – Asha Bhosle, Mohammad Rafi

Here is another very playful song with Mohammad Rafi and Asha Bhosle at their best ‘harakatein’ moods.

Naam Gulabi Hai Mera – Asha Bhosle

Dattaram creates a catchy ‘club’ song that comes up as a very appealing, overall, construction,.

Mohabbat Se Keh Do (Asha Bhosle) is the song for which I could not trace digital link on the net.

On that note, we reach the last leg of Dattaram’s career as independent director, with two of his last films, in the next, the last in the present series, episode.

Categories
Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs : May 2022

Manna Dey – Chale Ja Rahein Hai…. – 1956

Manna Dey, a.k.a. Prabodh Chandra Dey, (1 May 1919 – 24 October 2013) was trained for wrestling during his childhood. However, he could struggle free from that cocoon to metamorphose into a singer. Having been brought up in the atmosphere of music, he was also trained hard in the classical singing genre. However, if one looks back at his early career in Hindi films, one may wonder whether he was indeed caught into the clutches of hardened cased die of typecasting that Hindi film industry was so strongly adept at. However, his initial training as a fighter, did help him to experiment with every possible genre that film industry would offer and establish his unique position therein. Music directors like Anil Biswas and S D Burman firmly believed that Manna Dey could sing any song that any of his contemporary singer can sing, but none of these singers can sing a song that Manna Dey could sing with technical virtuosity.

By the turn of decade of 40s, Manna Dey has started making foothold into romantic song, which was further cemented by the songs that Shankar Jaikishan offered him in 1951 and 1953. As such, Manna Dey’s popular romantic, classical, devotional, comedy, western or qawwali songs have now been etched into the minds of every fan of Hindi Film music. But Manna Dey’s songs that unfortunately could not get ‘popularity’ also have the spirit of life and a sense of timeliness. It is that universality that we want to refresh in our present series Chale Ja Rahen Hai by specifically choosing the so-called less popular, less-heard songs.

Till now, we have covered Manna Dey’s less popular, less-heard songs for the years

1942 – 1946 in the year 2018.

1947 – 1950 in the year 2019.

1951 – 1953 in the year 2020, and

1954-1955 in the year 2021

1956 had some of the Manna Dey’s career-best  romantic songs –  Jaa Tose NahiN BoluN Kanhaiya  (Parivar, with Lata Mangeshkar; Lyrics: Shailendra – Music :Salil Chowdhury), Chaley Sipahi Dhul Udate Kahaan Kidhar Koi Kya Jaane ( Rajhath – Lyrics: Shailendra – Music: Shankar Jaikishan), Nain Miley Chain KahaaN (Basant Bahar- Lyrics: Shailendra – Music – Shankar Jaikishan) ; all-time best background song like Nirbal Se Ladai Balwan Ki (Toofan Aur Diya- Lyrics: Bharat Vyas – Music: Vasant Desai) or classical raag-based Bhay Bhanajana Vandana Sun Hamari and Sur Na Saje Kya GauN Main and Ketaki Gulab Juhi (all from Basant Bahar, the last one with Bhimsen Joshi- Lyrics: Shailendra – Music- Shankar Jaikishan).

Presently we will take up Manna Dey’s less heard songs for the year 1956.

Jodi Mile Na Mile Shaadi Rachaye Chale – Gauri Pooja – Lyrics: G S Nepali – Music: Manna Dey

Manna Dey has so soulfully composed and rendered the bride farewell song.

In those days. The bride had to accept the groom and subsequent life that fate had forced on her.

Kah Do Ji Kah Do Chhupao Na Pyar, Kabhi Kabhi Aati Hai Zumati Bahaar – Kismat Ka Khel – With Lata Mangeshkar – Lyrics: Hasrat Jaipuri – Music: Shankar Jaikishan

Shankar Jaikishan’s marked preference for Manna Dey can be seen in the form his selection for the male playback.

The song is a signature romantic tune that Shankar Jaikishan used to compose those days – full of vivre and feelings as well as so pleasing to the ears.

Ek Din Tera Bhi Savera Aayega – Sati Anasuya – Lyrics: Bharat Vyas – Music: Shivram Krishna

Here we have one more typical background song, deployed as an inspirational song to the protagonist in deep trouble.

Wo Dekho Udhar Chand Nikla Gagan Mein, Idhar Aa Gayi Chandani Muskarati – Roop Kumari -with Geeta Dutt – Lyrics: B D Misra – Music: S N Tripathi

S N Tripathi is was also a very talented and versatile music director who had to be satisfied with B and C Grade mythological / historical films. The present song is testimony of S N Tripathi’s talent.
The song is so pleasant a romantic duet,

Aside Trivia: Knowledgeable YT follower has mentioned in a comment to this video clip that S N Tripathi has used this tune again for Nigahon Mein Tum Ho – Jadoo Nagari – Lata Mangeshkar – Lyrics: Hasrat Jaipuri.

Khel Khiladi Jis Sey Na Khel Apni Jaan Se – Badshah Salamat – Lyrics: Vinay Kumar – Music: Bulo C Rani

The lyrics of the song indicate that this ought to be ‘fakir’ genre song. Manna Dey is well adapted for such songs.

Chhod Bhi De Aakasah Singhasan, Phir Dharati Par Aa Ja Re – 26 January – with Asha Bhosle and chorus – Lyrics: Rajendra Krishna – Music C Ramchandra

The lyrics clearly tell us that this an ‘inspirational’ – devotional genre song, but I do not have any more information on the song.

Aaj Ki Baatein Raja Bhool Mat Jaiyyo Ji…Hum To Nahin Bhoole Tum Na Bhool Jaiyyo Ji – Dhola Maru – with Asha Bhosle – Lyrics: Bharat Vyas – Music: S K Pal

Asha Bhosle and Manna Dey render a seemingly simple, romantic, song so intimately.

Bahta PaanI Bahta Jaay Raah Take Na Teri, Aeji Samay Ka Haal Hai Na Kar Der Ghaneri – Dhake Ki Malmal – with Asha Bhosle and Kishore Kumar – Lyrics: D N Madhok – Music: Robin Banerjee

This is the only song composed by Robin Banerjee, whereas all other songs are composed by O P Nayyar.

Robin Banerjee comes up with a Bengali folk tune set and has composed the song to varying pace.

Mudkar Bhi Na Dekh Suhaagan MahloN Ki Ye Shaan, IS Duniya Mein Ab Tera Bas Pati Hi Bhagwan…..Udhar Chali Ja Janaki Jidhar Chale Tere Ram – Devta – Lyrics: Rajendra Krishna – Music: C Ramchandra

This is a background song, advising the protagonist to accept the husband that fate has chosen for her.

Many a times, our (Hindi) films have such highly contrived situations, which have to be made palatable by the team of lyricist, music director and the singer.

Apart from these, the sites https://mannadey.weebly.com/ and http://www.mannadey.in/  also mention songs from films like Lal-e-Yaman, Kar Bhala, Jungle Queen, Indraleela,  Grand Hotel, Zarina, Sudarshan Chakra, Scout Camp, Sati Nagkanya, Rajraani Meera, Ayodhyapati, Anurag and Dayar-e-Habib. However, several other authoritative sites either do not mention existence of Manna Dey songs from these films or do not have a digital version of the song. That does tell us what we have missed quantitatively but does not indicate what we have missed qualitatively.

On that note, we rest our episode here, to continue with our explorative journey of Manna Dey’s less heard songs………………

Categories
Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs : April 2022

Hasrat Jaipuri – Beyond Shankar Jaikishan : 1960

Hasrat Jaipuri (born: Iqbal Hussain) – B: 15 April 1922 – D: 17 September 1999 – perhaps cannot be equated in the same bracket with Sahir Ludhianvi, because his poetry did not have that bite of revolt, or with either Kaifi Azmi, for his poetry was considered to lack that depth of feelings or even long-standing professional teammate Shailendra, for his poetry was considered to lack that earthy realism. The simplicity of his lyrics, use of catchy colloquial words, expressing the common man’s aspirations and feelings in his own style perhaps did not create any special aura in so far as the way his film songs are generally perceived.

However, if one looks beyond the obvious, it becomes abundantly clear that Hasrat Jaipuri had everything a poet needs to succeed as the lyricist in a highly competitive world of Hindi Film Songs, and that to on his own terms, and on his own, far higher than the run-of-the mill, average standard.

If the proof of Hasrat Jaipuri’s versatility lies in the variety of songs he has written for so many different situations for Shanker Jaikishan as well music directors other than Shaker Jaikishan, proof of his talent lies in coming across so many songs that one probably would not have imagined to have been written by Hasrat Jaipuri, at least if he does not know lyricists’ name

In 2017, we have commenced the annual series of Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs with Music Directors Other Than SJ. Till now, we have covered –

The songs from 1950 to 1953 in 2017,

The songs from 1953 to 1955. In 2018

The songs from 1956 -1957 in 2019,

 The songs from 1958 in 2020, and

 The songs from 1959 in 2021.

Presently, we will refresh the memories of Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs for with Music Directors other than Shanker Jaikishan for the year 1960. These music directors are with Khayyam, Dattaram, O P Nayyar and Sardar Mallik. While choosing a song, on one hand, I have tended to lean over the songs that I have heard rarely and, on the other hand, I have learned to choose as many different moods and situations as possible. In the process, I have sidestepped from selecting such evergreen songs as Likhoge Padoge To Aage Badhoge (Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar, Sheikh Mukhtar, Honey Irani),  Rang Rangila Sanwara Mohe Mil Gayo (Lata Mangeshkar, chorus) – both from Barood (1960), Music: Khayyam); Dil Dhoondhta Hai Sahare (Mukesh) – Kala Aadmi, 1960 – Music: Dattaram; Chanda Ke Des Mein Rehti Ek Rani (Mukesh) and Baharon Se Poocho Mere Pyar Ho Tum Tumahre Tarane Ham Gaaye Ja Rahein Hai (Mukesh, Suman Kalyanpur)- both from Mera Ghar Mere Bacche ,1960, Music: Sardar Malik—and Hal-e-dil Hamara Jaane Na (Mukesh) and  Ae Dil Dekhe Hai Bade Bade Sangdil (Mukesh, chorus) – both from Shreeman Satyawadi, 1960, Music: Dattaram.

An Interesting Trivia: Each of the film covered in the present episode has more than on film from the same title – except the two, Kala Aadmi and Shreeman Satyavaadi.

Music Director: Khayyam

Bambai Ki Billi

This was the 3rd film with this title. The first film was ‘The Wild Cat of Bombay a.k.a. Bambai ki Billi’ – a 1927 Silent film, which was followed in 1936 by one more. Even more interesting is the fact that bot these films had Sulochana (a.k.a. Ruby Meyers) as the heroine.

Interestingly, the film has three female playback singers, each one having two songs. Each of the two songs of for a given singer have almost similar genre. So little about the film is now known that why such a strategy would have been deployed remains unknown!

Dilbar Tu Hai Mera Pyar Tu Hai Ekraar Kar Lo Jee , Apana Hi Maano Apana Hi Jaano, Ab Pyaar Kar Lo Jee – Geeta Dutt

This is a club song. So is another Geeta Dutt song in the film, Dil Ke Paar Ho Gayi Teri Ek Najhar, composed on fast waltz tune.

Aside Trivia: Khayyam had used waltz rhythm to a very telling effect in AasmaaN Par Hai Khuda Aur JameeN Par Ham (Phir Subah Hogi, 1958)

Zalim Zulm Na Kar Abhi Zindagi Hai Kam – Asha Bhosle

This again a fast-paced club dance song, So is another Asha Bhosle song – Meri Adayein Bijli Girayein, Jisko Bhi Chaahe Uslko Maare.

Main Tiharey Nazar Bhar Dekh Lo – Lata Mangeshkar

This is more likely to a be mujra song. Another Lata Mangeshkar song – Main BaagoN Ki Morni Jab NaachooN Taa Thaiya – also seems to have been placed in a similar situation but molded on a Punjabi folk dance tune.

Baarood

Three more films have been made on the same titke, in 1976 (Music: S D Burman) , 1996 (which had small tail, bA Love Story, tagged to it and in 1998.

Musibat Ik Khilaunaa Hai Teri Maasum RaahoN Mein Guzar Jaa HaaN Guzar Jaa, Khelataa Dhaarati Ki Baanho Mein….  Chala Chal Ghar Hai Andhera Tera Bhagwaan Sahaara  – Mohammad Rafi

A classic, background, inspirational genre, song, duly decorated with Saakhi, the initial two-line couplet, which is signature style of Hasrat Jaipuri.

Aise Munh Na Chipao … Mar Jayenge Yunhi Hum… Tum Jaise Aadmi Ko Tadapayenge YuNhi Hum – Mohamad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar

This is so much a Khayyam composition that by the time I reached the first interlude, Itne Qarib Aake Bhi Na Jaane Kis Liye (Shagoon ,1964) had started playing at the back of my mind.

Atakan Batkan Dahi Chatokan Raja Gaye Dilli, Saat Katori Laaye, Ek Katori Tut Gayi, Munna Ka Dil Lut Gayi – Honey Irani, Lata Mangeshkar

For a child -placating song, the composition seems to be a little difficult, but that is fairly compensated by very easy lyrics by Hasrat Jaipuri.

Music Director: Dattaram

Dattaram may not have been evlove his own distinct style by now, but he did used to get good assignments and could create songs that caught attention of the common cine-goers.

Kala Aadmi

Aankh Mila Kar Vaar KaruNgi Roko, Dil Ko Bachana Bachana Dekho – Suman Kalyanpur

Dattaram has, rather unconventionally, used Suman Kalyanpur for aa club song.

Babu Insurance Kara Lo … Jitna Paisa Daloge yum Usse Doguna Paaoge  – Mohamamd Rafi

To write meaningful lyrics a for a full-length song, which fits to the so many different characters a comedian would play in a Hindi film ought to be formidable challenge for a lyricist.

If the song would have been made during the present times, this one would certainly have attracted multitude of commercial sponsor offers for the life insurance business companies.

Mera To Dil Dil Gabraye Meri To Jaan Jaan Jaan Chali Jaye, Jaye Re Jaye Re Jaye Re – Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar

We have here a judicious mix of a ‘club’ song and a ‘Johnny Walker’ song.

Music Director: O P Nayyar

Kalpana

Internationally famed dancer Uday Shankar had made Kapana in 1948, for which Vishnudas Sirali had composed the music.

The present version has as many as 10 songs, Qamar Jalalabadi and Raja Mahendi  Ali Kahn penning four each and Jan Nissar Akhtar and Hasrat Jaipuri penning one each.

O Ji Savan Mein Hoon Bekarar More Ghunghat Pe Jhanke Bahaar Sajanwa Se Keh Dijo – Asha Bhosle

The song apparently is credit title song but watching the video clip hardly gives any clue how the song – its lyrics or picturization – can be so fitted into that slot, except that the viewer gets barely introduced to the character of Padmini, that too barely informing us that she is a Kashmiri native beauty and can perform dance!

Music Director: Sardar Malik

Incidentally, Sardar Malik’s wife Bilquis, was sister of Hasrat Jaipuri. However, Sardar Malik and Hasrat Jaipuri have teamed up for only four films. Interestingly, Hasrat Jaipuri had teamed up with Sardar Malik’s son, Anu Malik, for some six or seven films.

Mera Ghar Mere Bacche

There is one more film on the same title, in 1985, for which Laxmikant Pyarela had composed music.

The present film was produced by Sohrab Modi, who is generally associated with historical, period genre films, under his Minerva Movietone banner.

Zulm Bhi Karte Hain Aur Kahate Hai Ke Fariyad Na Kar, Ek Bulbul Par O Mere Saiyaad Sitam Na Kar – Mohammad Rafi, Suman Kalyanpur

We have here a very special type of Rafi-Suman duet. As I got to listen to it for the first time now, I did like the song. Apparently, it lacks that something which could have made the song popular enough with other Rafi-Suman duets of that time.

Galiyan Hai Gulzar Yaar Aaya Karo. Aaya Karo Jaaya aKaro Dil Na Dukhaya Karo …. Tumse Hai Humein Pyaar Yaar Aaya Karo – Asha Bhosle

No wonder the film did so poorly on the box office if even what is supposed to be the most attention-catching feature – an ‘item’ dance song – is so poorly conceived.

Dil Mera Naache Tunak-Tunak …. Dil Ki Umangein Jumake Gaayein, Aaj Khushi Bhi Saath Kyaa Baat Hai …..  – Mohammad Rafi, Suman Kalyanpur, Seeta Agarwal

Even though we have just an audio clip here, it does not require very special knowledge of the songs in Hindi films to make out that this a party song, celebrating some or other occasion for the children.

Peena Haram Hai Na Pilanaa Haraam Hai, Pine Ke Hosh Mein Aana Haraam Hai – Asha Bhosle

Here is another ‘rare (!)’ situation song – a ‘drunkard ‘genre mixed with ‘roothana- manana genre, with the one major variation that it is the heroine who is on the ‘placating’ side, and that too in a drunken- probably fake – state!

Wohi Udi Udi Ghatayein Ek Tum Nahin To Kuchh Nahin… Wohi Bheegi Bheegi Hawaein Hai, Ek Tum Nahin To Kuchh Nahin – Mukesh

We have a here a good-to-listen, but difficult-to-hum pathos mood composition.

As we rest here the present episode, the versatility of Hasrat Jaipuri as a lyricist remains undeniably validated. We will continue to explore more shades of his lyrical prowess in the next decade of 60s in the future episodes.

Categories
Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories ….. Unforgettable Songs : March 2022

Ghulam Mohammed and His Singers : 1950-1952

Ghulam Mohammed (1903 – 17 March 1968)’s musical scores during the years 1943 to 1949 had established his identity as percussionist who had also gift of composing melodies as well. He had already been successful with the scores of Pugree (1948) and Shair (1949). However, it seems that his concurrent role as assistant to Naushad perhaps had cast some kind of shadow over his own identity as independent music director. This relationship continued till film Aan) 1952. Some historians consider him too naïve a businessman since he continued to assist Naushad even he had getting success by 1948.

This theory seems to hold some merit, because Ghulam Mohammed did get three films in 1950, two in 1951 and three again in 1952. These numbers need to be viewed in the back drop of the fact that several other (so-called) already stablished) music directors were also scoring successful music for the then big production banners in the same period. 1950 had Naushad scoring music for ‘Dastan’ and ‘Babul’, C Ramchandra for ‘Sargam’ and Anil Biswas for ‘Arzoo’. In 1951, along with “Deedar’ of Naushad, S D Buraman’s ‘Bahaar’ and Baazi’, C Ramchandra’s ‘Albela, Anil Biswas’s ‘Taraana’ and Shanker Jaikishan’s “Aawara’ occupied the space. There was hardly any respite in 1952 as well, with Naushad’s  ‘Aan’ and ‘Baiju Bawra’, S D Burman’s Jaal and Shanker Jaikishan’s ‘Daag.’

In all the fairness to Ghulam Mohammed, it should also be noted that some other equally talented music directors also had not been able to break the glass ceiling, even if their music was also noted with high respect o their talent. For example, Bulo C Rani – Jogan (1950), Roshan – Hum Log (1951) and Anhonee (1952), Hemant Kumar – Anand Math (1951) and Madan Mohan – Ashiana (1952) to name a few representative cases.

Be that as it may, our principal focus of the present series to commemorate the death anniversary month of Ghulam Mohammed is to refresh our memories of his compositions and get an overview of Ghulam Mohammed’s repertoire of 37 films as independent music directors with special attention to the wide range of playback singer he has used for his compositions.

As such, we have sidestepped some of his popular compositions for the present series and intentionally chosen songs that may be called as less heard ones so as to get a better appreciation of Ghulam Mohammed’s talent.

Previously, in 2021, we have covered Ghulam Mohamamed’s songs with different singers for the years 1943 to 1949.

With this backdrop to be kept at the back of our minds, we now take up Ghulam Mohammed’s songs for different playback singers during the years 1950 to 1952.

Rajkumari, Mukesh – Maine Sapna Jo Dekha Hai Raat… Bhala Jo Koi Puchhe… To Main Kya KahuN – Hanste Aansoo (1950) – Lyrics: Majrooh Sultanpuri

Here is an archetypical vintage era styled composition. However, the song succeeds in conveying the feelings of a girl who has fallen in love, for the first time. Majrooh Sultanpuri also has preferred to use very simple lyrics to truly express the feelings.

One noteworthy feature of Ghulam Mohammed’s  compositions was differently presented stanzas of his compositions, unlike many of his contemporaries who would not waste one more tune in one composition.

Shamshad Begum, Hameeda Banu, Raja Gul – O Jane Wale Theher Ja …., Dil De Ja Ya Le Ja Raja Ulfat Ka Ye Bazaar Hai – Hansate Aaansoo (1950) – Lyrics:  Shevan Rizvi

Ghulam Mohammed has boldly experimented with non-traditional orchestration for this street dance triad song, while maintaining the identity of the song genre with the use of catchy piece of harmonium in the brief prelude.

Shamshad Begum – Hum Dil Hi Apna Haar Gaye – Maang (1950) – Lyrics: Husaini

Comparison of the present composition with the previous one, Maine Sapna Jo Dekha Hai Raat, evidently demonstrates the vastness of range of tunes that Ghulam Mohammed can command to present almost similar feeling.

Since the song is not available on YT, here is an adio link: Hum Dil Hi Apna Haar Gaye.mp3

Uma Devi, Lata Mangeshkar – Na Jaane Aaj Kyon Gabra Rahi Ho – Maang (1950) – Lyrics: Prakash

Ghulam Mohammed recreates magic of blending voices of vintage era icon (Uma Devi) and the rising star of Golden Era) Lata Mangeshkar)

(Rajkumari), Geeta Dutt, Hamida Banu – Aaya Achanak Aisa Jhonka Hind Ka Jagamag Deep Bujha – Maang (1950) – Lyrics: Sagheer Usmani

Here is song that eulogises passing away Mahatma Gandhi. Even he Ghulam Mohammed has very deftly experimented with change in tunes for different stanzas.

It may be noted that Rajkumari is singing along with Geeta Dutt in first part of the song.

Mohammed Rafi, Amirbai Karnataki – Main HuN Bada NaseeboNwala….Hua Tera Mera Pyar Fatafat – Pardes (1950) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

Ghulam Mohammed comes all trump in a light-hearted comedy song. The icing on the cake is use of Amirbai Karnataki for such a song!

How imaginatively Ghulam Mohammed has used Mohammad Rafi’s voice for the opening line!

Lata Mangeshkar – KyuN Ae Dil-e- Diwana Hai Hosh Se Beganaa – Bikhre Moti (1951) – Lyrics: Akhtar ul Iman

The influence of vintage era style on Ghulam Mohammed’s compositions, even during 1951, is evident in the way he has used Lata Mangeshkar’s voice in this song.

Talat Mahmood – Chandanee Raato Mein Jis Dam Yaad Aa Jaate Ho Tum Roshani Bankar Meri Ankhoein Mein Chha Jaate Ho Tum – Naazneen (1951) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

I so much regret that this is one Talat Mahmood song that I must have hardly got to hear earlier.

Asides: Shri Arunkumar Deshmukh informs that this was the film in which Amjad Khan has acted as a child artist.

Shamshad Begum, G. M. Durrani, Mohammed Rafi – Do Din Ki Zindagi Hai … Ik Baar Muskara Do, Parde Mein Tum Hansi Ke …. Dil Ki Lagi Ko Chhupaa Lo – Ajeeb Ladki (1952) – Shakeel Badayuni

This song indeed should tell us what effort Rafi must have put into create his own identity in his initial days as we find difficult to the way Rafi handles lower octave mukhada and high pitch opening of the first stanza or chips in with a cameo line in the second stanza.

Zohrabai Ambalewali, Shamshad Begum – Dil Ke Sheesh Mahal Mein Aaya Yeh Matwala Chor – Amber (1952) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

In the stage dances, the dancers take up dress code of two cultures of two regions. Ghulam Mohammed has composed the tune matching to that culture. Especially noteworthy is the multi-instrument orchestra put to use by Ghulam Mohammed.

Mohammad Rafi – Churakar Dil Ko Yun Aankhein Churana Kisse Sikha Hai .. Chale Jaana Tum Door Bade Shaukh Se Huzoor…Mera Dil Mujhe Wapas Kar Do. – Amber (1952) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

Unlike majority of Ghulam Mohammed compositions, here we have complex to sing tune, and that too for a song where the hero is trying to please the heroine!

Lata Mangeshkar – Tutegi Nahi Pyar Ki Dor Duniya Chahe Lag Le Jhor – Amber (1952) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

Ghulam Mohammed has not only switched to Lata Mangeshkar as lead singer but has also stayed away in using Lata Mangeshkar in the shadow of vintage era singing style.

Shamshad Begum, Mohammed Rafi – Rote Hai Naina Gam Ke Maare, Dekh Rahi HuN Din Mein Taare – Amber (1950 – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

I have selected this ‘masala’ dance song to validate the hypothesis – that Ghulam Mohammed has given Lata Mangeshkar the position of lead singer – put forward in the earlier song as soon as he has been entrusted the music for the film with the ‘hottest’ pair of the day – Nargis and Raj Kapoor.

Noteworthy is the change in the mood o the song that he has accomplished the way he has used Mohammad Rafi.

Mubarak Begum – Jal Jal Ke MaruN Kuchh Kah Na SakuN – Sheesha (1952) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

Ghulam Mohammed deploys vast orchestra during mukhada but then the stanza comes rendered with minimal instrumental support! This should easily rate as one of the best Mubarak Begum songs; however, the fact remains that, at least, I have heard it for the first time. So unfortunate that Mubarak Begum did not get many such high-quality singing opportunities!

What a pity that the failure of film at the box office also leads to the very short life of the songs, barring, of course, some exceptions!

Lata Mangeshkar – Jawani Ke Raaste Pe Aaj Mera Dil Hai – Sheesha (1952- Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

Ghulam Mohammed sets the tone of happiness of the song by a very catchy prelude and then follows it up with composing the song in the effervescent singing mode.

Thanks to the technology and resourcefulness and the commitment of all the YT uploaders, we can recreate the mesmerising magic of Ghulam Mohammed’s compositions, even today, whether it did cast spell then or not!

We take a break here till the next episode so that we can absorb the nuances and range of present batch of Ghulam Mohammed’s compositions.

Categories
Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs – February 2022

Talat Mahmood: Duets with Shamshad Begum

Talat Mahmood (24 February 1924 – 9 May 1998) did commence his career in Hindi films in 1945, but his career got really moved to top gear only after success of Aye Dil Mujhe Aisi Jagah Le Chal JahaaN Koi Na Ho (Arzoo, 1950 – Lyrics: Majrooh Sultanpuri  – Music: Anil Biswas). That also was the period when the careers of two other cotemporary male playback singers, Mohammad Rafi and Mukesh, were also getting the right momentum. Add to this the fact that Talat Mahmood’s attention was also getting divided between his playback singing and acting in the same period. However, his four-decade long, 740+ songs rich career conferred this velvet-voice singer the uncrowned title of King of Ghazals.

Shamshad Begum (14 April 1919 – 23 April 2013), acclaimed as the ‘first’ female playback singer of Hindi cinema had a very unique voice – quite different with her contemporaries, like Noor Jehan, Kanan Bala, Suraiya, Amirbai Karnataki, Zohrabai Amablewali etc.  of ‘40s or like Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Dutt, Asha Bhosle and the like of ‘50s and ‘60s. She had created her own space from her very early films like Khajanchi (1941) and Khandan (1942). Even during the periods of 1950 to (almost) 1955 and then at the end of the career years 1967-1968 she commanded a respectable fan following.

As such, the common period of peaks of Talat Mahmood and Shamshad Begum can be seen to be between 1950 to 1955., beginning with Babul (1950- Lead actors – Dilip Kumar, Nargis and Munnavar Sultana – Music: Naushad). As the fate would have it, even after the stupendous success of Babul, Naushad had started shifting to Mohammad Rafi (for Dilip Kumar) and after success of Andaz (1949), he had already moved to Lata Mangeshkar as the lead female playback singer. Even in Babul, Shamshad Begum was playback singer for ‘parallel’ lead heroine Munnavar Sultana only. So Shamshad Begum could have capitalized on that success sonly if films with similar star configurations would have been lined up! Other major, first-line music directors, like S D Burman, Shankar Jaikishan< C Ramchandra, Madan Mohan, Roshan etc. who were using Talat Mahmood very successfully in those years were not using Shamshad Begum as lead singer. O P Nayyar was the only one who did use her as lead singer, but then he did not use Talat Mahmood as his preferred male singer.

The result is that we have (just) 10 duets of Talat Mahmood and Shamshad Begum, including 3 triads. Of the 10 duets, Babul itself had 2 duets + 1 triad. Rest of the seven songs are distributed among six music directors, all of them generally considered as not belonging to the front-line music directors (the only exception here being that of Vinod).

Coming back to the subject of the present episode, we commemorate the memory of Talat Mahmood in the month of his birth by taking up the theme of his rare duets. Till now, we have explored –

In 2017, an overview of Talat Mahmood’s duets receding from the memory.

In 2018, Talat Mahmood’s duets with rare co-singers,

In 2019, Talat Mahmood’s duets with Mubarak Begum and with Madhubala Jhaveri,

In 2020, Talat Mahmood’s duets with Geeta Dutt, essentially from 1950 to 1952, and

In 2021, Talat Mahmood: Duets with Geeta Dutt, from  1954 to 1957, with one duet even in 1972.

Presently, we take up Talat Mahmood’s duets with Shamshad Begum.

Milte Hi Aankein Dil Hua Diwana Kis Ka – Babul (1950) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni – Music: Naushad

Shamshad Begum easily matching the softness of Talat Mahmood is one major reason that has made the song evergreen.

Duniya Badal Gayi Meri Duniya Badal Gayi – Babul (1950) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni – Music: Naushad

Elaborate orchestration by Naushad, effortless of pathos in Shamshad Begum’s delivery of her part and the natural tranquility of Talat Mahmood’s voice easily draw the listener into the mood of the song.

Nadiya Mein Utha Hai Shor, Chhayi Hai GhaTaa Ghanghor,  Jaana Door Hai …. Nadi Kinare Saatha Hamaare Sham Shuhani Aayee – with Mohammad Rafi and chorus – Babul (1950) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni – Music: Naushad

It is more of a technicality that song has to be classified as a triad, since Mohammad Rafi chips in more as part of support system that makes the song basically a ‘boat song’

Chhod Babul Ka Ghar Aaj Mohe Jaana Pada –   Babul (1950) – Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni – Music: Naushad

This song is technically not classified as a duet because primarily it is Shamshad Begum solo being played a credit title song. But, in later versions, Talat Mahmood sings only one line before the song is transformed into Shamshad Begum plus chorus playful dance song. In one more version, the song comes up as slow paced Talat Mahmood solo, The song comes again at the end of the film wherein Mohammad Rafi takes the song to a very high scale crescendo to match the rising pain of the tragedy of the story of the film.

However, irrespective of the way the song has been used in the film, the song is a classic example of the way Shamshad Begum and Talat Mahmood’s voices can blend with each other, if so desired.

Jawani Ke Zaamane Mein Jo DIl Na Lagega – Madhubala (1950) – Lyrics: Rajendra Krishan – Music: Lachhiram

Here is a very pleasing composition wherein even Talat Mahmood comes up so naturally in playful mood.

From all the accounts, the songs of the film had met with good deal of success at that time. However, even with the lead star cast of Dev Anand and Madhubala, the film was a disaster at box office, and the song, unfortunately remains among fading from the memory category now.

Laila Laila PukaruN Main Ban Mein – Mr. Sampart (1952) – Lyrics: Pandit Indra – Music: Balkrishna Kalla

The song comes up in the film as clips of different shots of the films that the heroine has enacted as part of the story (based on R K Narayan’s famous story, Mr. Sampat, The printer of Malgudi. As such, Talat Mahmood and Shamshad Begum sing each of the clips as solos.

O Mruganayani Madhubahini Menka Tum Ho KahaaN – Mr. Sampat (1952) – Lyrics: Pandit Indra – Music: Balkrishna Kalla

The duet is presented here with a disclaimer that some sites mention P G Krishnaveni and Geeta Dutt as the singers,

Bura Hua Jo Inse Hamare Naina Lad Gaye Ji – Laadla (1954) – with Mohammad Rafi and Asha Bhosle – Lyrics: Raja MahendI Ali Khan – Music: Vinod

This is a typical ‘noNk-joNk’ genre song but is unique for two pairs of couples involved in the melee of repartee.

Mohabbat Bas Dil Ke Itane Se Afsane Ko Kahete Hai -Mangu (1954) – Lyrics: S H Bihari – Music: Mohammad Shafi

Mohammad Safi has deftly used harmonium in this ‘qawwali’ style song. Talat Mahmood gracefully plays cheerful mood. Shamshad Begum’s voice is usually very thin.

Aside: The film did have O P Nayyar as a n additional music director, but the credit of using Talat – Shamshad in a duet remains with Mohammad Shafi, who had introduced Suman Kalyanpur in this film, while O P Nayyar had used Asha Bhosle for the first time for his song.

Kehana Mera Maan Le Ye Yaar -Shaan-E-Haatim (1958) – with Balbir – Lyrics: Raja Mahendi Ali Khan – Music: A R Queresh

The song is credited as triad, however the clip available has only Balbir’s voice. The film and the song are so obscure, that no further information seems to be available.

I am not able to trace the digital footprint of the song, Dekho Baras Rahi Barsaat – Titli / For Ladies Only (1951) – Lyrics; Sahrai – Music Vinod, on the net.

The utterly short association of Talat Mahmood and Shamshad Begum is so strongly overshadowed by their songs from Babul (195) that the range and variety wich can be seen in the other duets probably remains unappreciated. Well, that is the irony of fate of HFM, with which we have learnt to live with.

We will take up Talat Mahmood’s duets with Asha Bhosle in the next episode in this series.

Categories
Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs :January 2022

Jaidev: Brilliant, But Underrated, Composer1974 -1975

The career of Jaidev (Varma)B: 3 August 1919 – D : 6 January 1987 – right from his first foray in 1933 till his own death in 1987 has been a sad tale of fate’s cruel treatment to such a gifted music director. It is so difficult to imagine that someone who had composed so melodious, and hugely popular as well, album was consigned to the ‘art-film music director’ tag by the turn of the decade. The popularity of his songs of 60s could not fetch a Filmfare award for him, but the art film yielded three national awards – a record for Hindi films that that remains unsurpassed in so far as music directors of his generation.

Perhaps the very specific limited ‘class’ audience that the art films sough to cater to, his music too had meet the basic demands of the film. So, one may argue, that that music was never meant to be popular at the mass level. And even when it could have been, the lack of strong marketing push to the film itself, to expect that songs would get that kind of support is probably wishful thinking.

The core creative artist of Jaidev used the constraints of art-film music composition into an opportunity to freely experiment with a wide variety of singers to create songs that could pride any music industry.

Till now, we have covered, the years

In 2018, we listened to his songs from the most successful films phase of 1955 to 1963.

In 2019, we listened to his more remembered songs from his less remembered films for 1964 to 1970,

in 2020, we listened to highly appreciated songs from the films that did not succeed in 1971, and

In 2021, we recalled the songs that have faded out because the films flopped in 1972-1973

in the form of our commemorative annual series in the month of Jaidev’s remembrance anniversary month.

Presently, we will cover Jaidev’s compositions from what is popularly termed as ‘parallel cinema’ films Aaligan, Faslah and Parinay (all of 1974) and Ek Hans Ka Joda and Aandolan (of 1975). By recalling the songs of these films gives us clear opportunity to see the freshness of his compositions and the charm of his experimentation.

Aalingan (1974)

Hamaare Dil Ko Tumne Dil Bana Diya – Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle – Lyrics :Jaan Nisaar Akhtar

The prelude song creates the feeling of speed that the couple riding motor-bike would expectedly feel that they would bring to their singing. The song is set to faster waltz rhythm. Jaidev has also used Mohammad Rafi and Asha Bhosle’s creativity of singing to the hilt.

Pyaas Thi Phir Bhi Taqaazaa Na Kiya – Manna Dey – Lyrics: Jaan Nisaar Akhtar

Manna Dey begins softly in the first line and then gradually goes onto higher scale exemplifying the increasing intensity of feelings that such intimate environment induces. Use of saxophone further adds to the escalation of the intensity of the feeling.

Faslah (1974)

Aa Utha Le Apna Jaam Kya Tujhe Kisi Se Kaam – Ranu Mukherjee – Lyrics: Kaifi Azmi

Jaidev experiments with Ranu Mukherjee’s heavy tonal qualities to set up the enchanting atmosphere of a club song.

Zindagi Cigarete Ka Dhuan, Ye Dhuan Jaata Hai Kahan Ya KahiN Jaata NahiN Ye Socho, Na Socho Meri Jaan – Bhupinder – Lyrics: Kaifi Azmi

Jaidev, Kaifi Azmi and Bhupinder team up to create a motivational song that does its assigned role in the lighter mood.

Parinay (1974)

Jaise Suraj Ki Garmi Se Jalte Huye Tan Ko – Deen Bandhu Sharma, Ramananad Sharma, chorus – Lyrics: Ramanand Sharma

The measure of this devotional composition in Raag Jaunpuri can be gauged by the fact that this one song has become the identity of the Sharma Brothers quartet who were otherwise also well known in the devotional program circuit.

Mitwa Mitwa Morey Man Mitwa – Manna Dey, Vani Jayram – Lyrics: Naqsh Llayalpuri

Jaidev recreates a 50s period melody in this duet. As can be expected, the duet was well received by the Manna Dey fans and other discerning film music fans.

Asides:

Parinay won the 1974 Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration (known as the “Rajat Kamal Special Award for the Best Feature Film on National Integration” at that time).

The film was directed by Kantilal Rathod, who also has another award winning (Gujarati) feature film Kanku (1969) and a children’s documentary film Cloven Horizon (1965)

Ek Hans Ka Joda (1975)

Saathi Milte Hain Badi Mushqil Se Kisika Sath Na Chhodana – Kishore Kumar –Lyrics: Indeewar

Jaidev has very rarely used Kishore Kumar as playback even during second innings of both. In this soft piano song, he has Kishore Kumar signing equally soft lower scale or slightly elevated scale at the end of lines.

Ek Hans Ka Joda Jisne Pyar Mein Har Bandhan Toda – Ajit Singh – Lyrics: Gauhar Kanpuri

Jaidev’s experimental streak with his melodious core could not have been more manifested than in this credit title song, where in he has used pope singer Ajit Singh to sing a pop-style song with soft strings of guitar and wind instruments to the rhythm of drums.

Mere Dil Mein Teri Tasweer Sada Rehti Hai – Bhupinder Singh, Asha Bhosle –  Lyrics: Indeewar

In this asymmetric duet, Bhupinder chips in with a saakhi that would take the heroine into retrospective pensive mood.

Andolan (1975)

Dar-o-Divaar Pe Hasarat-e-Nazar Karte Hai Khush Raho Ahal-e-Vatan Ham To Safar Karte Hai – Bhupinder – Lyrics: Ramprasad ‘Bismil’

From the very brief information available, it is gathered that Andolan is a film based on the freedom struggle period. Directed by a highly talented, and successful commercial film director, Lekh Tandon, the film, has been consigned to the status of ‘parallel cinema’ probably because,, except Nitu Singh, all other major actors belong to the ‘art cinema’ stream.

The ‘saakhi, first two lines, is taken from a Nawab Wazjd Ali Shah’s poignant poem which he seems to have composed when he was exiled from Lucknow to a faraway Calcutta dungeon.

Mazloom Kisi Kaum Ke Jab Khwaab Jaagte Hain – Manna Dey – Lyrics :Verma Malik

Jaidev has chosen Manna Dey’s strong tonal quality to capture the brave mindset of the freedom fighters maintain their spirit in the face of brutal physical torture.

Panch Rupaiya Arre Panch Rupiaya De De Balamva Mela Dekhan Jaungi – Minu Purushottam, Krishna Kalle – Lyrics: Jan Nisar Akhtar

The street ‘tamasha’ song genre has one oft-intended use of a red-herring, as is the case of the present song.

Aside trivia:

The bespectacled person with beard siting on the ‘charpoy’, as can be seen clearly @3.41 is none other than vintage era front-line male playback singer, G M Durrani

Piya Ko Milan Kaise Hoye Ri MaiN Janu Nahi – Asha Bhosle – Lyrics: Meerabai

Here we have a musically very rich, but somehow lacking the easy melody of similar difficult and equally melodious songs like, Tu Chanda Main Chandani (Lyrics: Balkavi Bairagi) and Ek Meethi Si Chubhan (Lyrics: Udhav Kumar) – both from Reshma Aur Shera, 1971) or Yeh Dil Aur Unki NaigahoN Ke Saaye (Lyrics: Jan Nissar Akhtar) and  Ye Neer Kahan Se Barse Hai,,, Ye Badri Kahan Se Aayi Hai (Lyrics: Prema Sachdev) (Prem Parabt, 1973) that we normally associate Jaidev with.

We rest here with one more very interesting page of Jaidev’s music direction career before moving on to the next phase, in our next episode.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month next year too……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Categories
Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs Remembering Mohammad Rafi

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: December 2021

Mohammad Rafi’s First Duet Song With The Music Director: 1947-1948

1947-1948

The Google Doodle by Mumbai-based illustrator Sajid Shaikh, on Mohammad Rafi’s 93rd birthday [B: 24-12-1924 | D: 31-7-1980] depicted Mohammad Rafi as the king of playback singing in Bollywood. It shows the journeys of famous Rafi songs as they progressed from the studio, onto the silver screen and into the hearts of fans forever.

The second part of the First Five-Year Period of Mohammad Rafi’s career, covering the years 1947 and1948, that we presently take up for our series Mohammad Rafi’s First Duet Song with Music Director can be said to be period when he was still in the music recording rooms. As we have seen in the first part covering years 1944 to 1946, Mohammad Rafi was at the initial phase of ‘being under test’. More and more music directors were giving him a solo here or a duet there.

As we shall presently see, the definite trend of Mohammad Rafi trying to create his own space by discovering his own style to the confident delivery of his lines against more experienced female singers of vintage era under the batons of wider range of music directors has started emerging by the end of First- Five Year Period.

1947

Six more music directors have offered Mohammad Rafi diets with as many as eight different singers – three of which are the male singers – in the year 1947.

In so far as Mohammad Rafi’s career is concerned, the year 1947 had opened the door – in the form of the solo, Duniya Mein Meri Aaj Andhera Hi Andhera (Do Bhai- Music: S D Burman – Lyrics: Raja Mahendi Ali Khan) – that led to a strong association with S D Burman.. 1947 had also Mohammad Rafi singing his first, and the only duet with Noor Jehan – YahaN Badala Wafa Ka Bewafai Ke Siwa Kya Hai (Jugnu – Music Firoz Nizami – Lyrics: Azhar Sarhadi). This also was Mohammad Rafi’s first ever playback for Dilip Kumar.

Datta Davjekar, (15-11-1917 | 19-9-2007) a fairly known name in the then Marathi films, debuts with Aap Ki Sewan Mein in Hindi Films. He composed music for 5 Hindi films, 51 Marathi and around 500 documentary films. The film, Aap Ki Sewa Mein, has other record, in the form of. Lata Mangeshkar’s maiden songs as a playback singer with the song Paa Laagoon Kar Joree Re, to its account.

Desh Mein Sankat Aaya Hai, Ab Kuchh Kar Ke Dikhalana Hai – Aap Ki Sewa Mein – with G M Sajan – Lyrics: Mahipal

The song reflects the mood of pre-independance era, as it ends with “Chheen lo , chheen lo ……..” hinting  ‘Azaadi chheen lo”. Otherwise, the lyrics are mainly about food shortages, or maybe it is talking about famine, in Bihar or Bengal, that rampaged India in that period..

There is a male-female duet son too.

Main Teri Tu Mera Dono Ka Sang Sang Basera – Aap Ki Sewa Mein – with Mohantara – Lyrics: Mahipal

Mohammad Rafi has handled the eagerness of a longing lover on his way to meet his beloved in a controlled high-octave scale rendition. The beauty of the composition is in its vibrant freshness after so many years.

Aside Trivia:

Datta Dawjekar worked as an assistant to C Ramchandra from 1952 to 1961. As such, the source of inspiration for C Ramchandra’s popular song Eenaa Meena Deekaa. . . (Aasha, 1957) is originally created for the Marathi song “Ina Mina Mona Baass” from a children’s play for Marathi stage, by Datta Dawjekar, who also wrote the lyrics for the Marathi song.

Source Credit: Shishir Krishna Shrama’s post on Datta Dawjekar

Prakash Nath Sharma does not seem to be a known name as a music director. The only film for which he seems to have composed music, Ek Kadam, does have one Mohammad Rafi – Shamshad Begum duet. Tu Bhi Rah Main Bhi (Lyrics: Avtar Visharad), that does not seem to have a digital presence on net.

C(hitalkar Narhar) Ramchandra (12 January 1918 – 5 January 1982), is another music director who went on to have a strong presence in the subsequent period of Golden Era.

Kisko SunauN Hal-e-Dil. Ham ko Tumhara Hi Aasra Tum Hamare Ho Na Ho – Saajan – with Lalita Deulkar – Lyrics: Moti B A

The duet, and Mohammad Rafi’s solo version, were immensely popular and the both has the future imprint of Mohammad Rafi’s singing style that was later identified as his unique style during his post vintage-era career of ‘50s..

The film has one more duet Main HuN Jaipur Ki Banajaran, Chanchal Mera Naam, with Lalita Deulkar (Lyrics: Qamar Jalalabadi) and two triads, Hum Banjare Sang Hamare Dhoom Macha Le Duniya (Lyrics: Moti B A) and Sambhal Sambhal Ke Jaiyo Banjare, Dilli Door Hai (Lyrics: Ram Murti Chaturvedi) with Lalita Deulkar and Geeta Dutt (Roy).

Khemchand Prakash, a doyen of ‘40s, made two most significant contributions for which the Golden Era remains indebted. One was introduction of Kishore Kumar in Ziddi (1948) – Jeene Ki Tamanna Kaun Karein …….  Marne Ki Duaein KyoN Maangein  . and gave Lata Mangeshkar a defining identity in Aayega Anewala (Mahal, 1949).

Aji Maat Poochhco Baat Ki College Albeli, Indrapuri Sakshat Colege Albeli – Samaj Ko Badal Dalo – with Arunkumar and Manna Dey – Lyrics: ?

We have only audio clips here, but the knowledgeable bloggers note that Mohammad Rafi has sung his own lines on the screen.

Part 1:

Part 2

Pt. Ramakant Paingankar-Karnad, one more of those unknown names., except that Ramakant Paigankar was known to be a part of C Ramchandra orchestra team.

Chalo Ho Gayi Taiyyar.. Thehro Jee…. – Shaadi Se Pehle – with Lata Mangeshakar – Lyrics: Pt. Mukhram Sharma

This is a simple fun song that shows the lady making a big shopping list that her beloved readily agrees to buy for her with all the strapping. The song has the distinction of being the first ever Rafi Lata duet.

K(oregaonkar) Datta is said to have given Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle a chance to sing with the then reigning queen Noor Jehan. He scored music for 17 Hindi films

Nainon Se Naina Milaake Sota Prem Jagaate – Shahkar – with Rajkumari – Lyrics: Arzoo Lakhanavi

HFGK does not mention singers for the song. The song seems to be composed as a tong-song. The singing by both the singers rhymes exactly with rhythm of the song.

Ye Duniya Sab Prem Ki Tu Prem Kiye Jaa – Shahkar – with Shamshad Begum – Lyrics: Arzoo Lakhanavi

HFGK mentions the song as Parody song (record no. GE 3729 /31), though I must confess that I could not make it why it was so. However, the song has experimented with one singer overlapping the main singer on a different scale  in the mukhada, which must have called for some very innovative recording skills on the part of the sound recordist as well the music arranger.

1948

In 1948, on the first anniversary of Indian Independence, he was awarded a Silver Medal by Jawaharlal Nehru for his, a marathon 4-part, song on Mahatma Gandhi, Suno Suno Ae Duniyawaalon Bapu Ki Amar Kahani (Music: Husnlal Bhagatram – Lyrics: Rajinder Krishna)

1948 has once again a very rich crop in so far as our present subject goes, with eight music directors and as many as ten co-singers, Except for Shamshad Begum and Ameerbai Karnataki, in the female singer section, GM Durrani in the male singer section, and Geeta Dutt and Beenapani Mukherjee one triad earlier, all other singers have partnered Mohammad Rafi first time.

Ram Ganguly (1928-1983) was part of Prithvi Theatre team. His choice of music director for Raj Kapoor’s maiden film Aag was thus a natural choice. However, because of some misunderstanding during the days when Barsaat was being planned, Aag remained the only film RK and Ram Ganguly di together,

Solah Baras Ki Bhayee Umariya – Aag – with Shamshad Begum – Lyrics: Majrooh Sultanpuri

Mohammad Rafi gets his chance in the maiden Raj Kapoor film Aag,. Since then, even if he has not been a main singer for RK films, he has always got a song or two in almost every film, some of which have become most notable songs of Rafi’s entire career.

The visuals of the song can be seen with a typical Raj Kapoor touch.

Hans Raj Behl has used Mohmmad Rafi for duets in two films in 1948 – Chunariya and Satyanarayan.

Phool Ko Bhul Le Ke Baitha Khar, Tera Kaanto Se Hai Pyar – Chunariya – with Geeta Dutt – Lyrics: Mulk Raj Bhakhari

The song seems to be some type of beggar or a fakir song.

Dilliwale Sahab Gajhab Kar Daala Re – Satyanarayana – with Beenapani Mukherjee – Lyrics: Pt. Indra

This is a thoroughly enjoyable fun song.

The film had two more duets of Mohammad Rafi and Beenpani Mukherjee – Kya Yaad Hai Tumko Wo Din Ji (Lyrics: Sewak) and Mera Dil Ghayal Karke Bairi Jag Se Dar Ke (Lyrics: Surjeet Sethi).

Ghulam Mohammad has paired Mohammad Rafi to sing with Suraiya, one of the top actress-singing star of that time. The pair then went on to sing 24 duets, some of which remain the most memorable duets, which can be a subject for a separate article in the future.

TaaroN Bhari Raat Hai Par Tu Nahi – Kajal – with Suraiya – Lyrics: D N Madhok

On the face of it the lyrics seem to express pain of the two being away from each other. However, the song runs on a fast pace, normally used for happy songs. In the absence of this dichotomy remains unresolved. However, listening to Mohammad Rafi as if he were singing a song almost after half a decade later in the time in the style of ‘40s and matching Suraiya’s exhortations for clearly expressing the love is such a pleasant surprise.

Gyan Dutt is also a very respected ‘40s name in music direction arena. We have two duets here. Of the two, Chalo Jamuna Ke Paar  … Dil Ki Dukanein Lagi JahaN Par NainoN Ke Bajar (Lal Dupatta – with Shamshad Begum, Sulochana Kadam, Chorus- Lyrics: Shewan Rzvi (?))being a very sweet-to-listen-to triad with chorus, Rafi does no get much exposure. So, I have opted for the other one for the present article.

Ari O Albeli Naar Kyon Chhupakar Kare Vaar – Lal Dupatta – with Shamshad Begum, Chorus – Manohar Khanna

This is a chhed-chhad-cum-appeasement light mood duet, the first line of the mukhada and each interlude representing chhed chhad. Mohammad Rafi seems to enjoy seriously matching Shamshad begum’s mischievous tone

Dhumi Khan, is one more of an unknown music director, even though he is shown as ‘supporting actor, music director’. YT has an interesting video clip on Dhumi Khan, that gives some more vital pieces of information. The famous duet song Ambuwa Ki Daali Daali Jhoom Rahi Hai Ali (Vidyapati, 1937- Music: R C Boral) has Dhaumi Khan as co-singer with Kanan Devi. Hopefully, the Dhumi Khan is same person.

Ek Abr-e-Siyah Chhaya Aaja Mere Saathi – Rahnuma – with Shamashad Begum- Lyrics: Dhumi Khan

The song is a simple love song, Mohammad Rafi expressing the sincere intent of the lover for his loved one.

Ek Aisa MahaL Banayenge (with Rekharani- – Lyrics: Habib Sarhadi) from the same film is not traceable on net.

Ameerbai Karnataki, a renowned playback singer, has composed songs for ‘Shahnaz’,  wherein Mohammad Rafi had two solos and three duets in the film.

Mujhe Tumse Mohabbat Hai, Ye Meri Chak Damani – Lyrics: Fiza Kausari Banaglori

Mohammad Rafi very deftly handles a medium spaced composition.

Nazaaron Se Kheloon Bahaaron Se KhelooN, Mera Bas Chale To Chand TaaroN Se KhelooN, Yahi Chahta Hai BaharoN Se KhelooN Machalatae Hue AabsaaroN Se KhelooN – Lyrics: Akhtar Pilibhiti

In response to Amirbai’s high scale singing, Mohammad Rafi comes up with a lower scale singing.in this very small clip that is available.

Tere Nazdeek Jaate Hein Na Tujhse Door Hote Hain, Mohabbat Karanewale.. Is Tarah Mazboor Hote HaiN – with Ameerbai Karnataki – Lyrics: Akhtar Pilibhiti

Mohammad Rafi gets to sing a qawwali composition early in his career.

Rasheed Attre was one of the music directors who went on to hit immense popularity even after migrating Pakistan. His composition of Faiz Mohamamd Faiz’s ghazal Mujh Se Pahale Si Muhabbat Mere Maheboob Na Mang remains the hallmark of Noor Jehan’s career.

Koltaar Mein Rang De Piya Mori Chundariya – Shikayat – Khan Mastana, G M Durrani, Aslam, Chorus – Lyrics: Ibrahim Khan ‘Momin’

Mohammad Rafi is a minor partner in this MM triad.

Statically speaking, the first Five-year-period of 1944-48 has seen Mohammad Rafi working with 26 music directors for first time for a duet song.  Each of the song has given Mohammad Rafi a different experience of singing. That perspective apart, the fact remains that the journey had taken off well and was gaining the required velocity.

We will end 1944-48 five-year-period with what I consider as Mohammad Rafi’s most iconic song, which also happens to be my most favorite among Mohammad Rafi’s songs…

Vatan Ki Raah Mein Vatan Ke Naujawan Shaheed Ho – Shaheed – with Khan Mastana, chorus – Music: Ghulam Haider – Lyrics: Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

Mohammad Rafi’s finely controlled delivery of so high passion would be hallmark of his sing style in the future.

Our journey of Mohammad Rafi’s first duet with a music director continues……


Both episodes of the 1st Five-Year Period of Mohammad Rafi’s First Duet with a Music director – 1944-1948 can be downloaded as one file by clicking on the link.


All 12 episodes from January to December 2021 of the series Fading Memories, Unfading Songs-2021 can be read /downloaded by clicking on the hyperlink.


 

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month next year too……..

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