Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: February, 2019

Talat Mahmood Duets with Mubarak Begum and Madhubala Jhaveri

In memory of Talat Mahmood’s birth anniversary (24 February, 1924), we have commenced a series of annual articles on Talat Mahmood’s Rare Duets. We commenced with an omnibus overview – Some of the Talat Mahmood Duets receding from the memory – in February, 2017. We had covered one duet per pairing partner and the music director in that article. Then, in February, 2018, we narrowed down to Talat Mahmood’s Duet Combinations with Rare Co-singers. In that article we had covered on Talat Mahmood’s duets with co-singers who can be considered as ‘rare’ combinations.

Now onward, we will further narrow down our focus to Talat Mahmood’s duets with individual co-singers. In the process, we would maintain that either the Talat Mahmood[1] – Co-singer combination is rare enough or the duet song is relatively less heard one. For the present we will take up Talat Mahood’s duets with Mubarak Begum and those with Madhubala jhaveri.

Talat Mahmood and Mubarak Begum

Mubarak Begum[2] may not be treated as much ‘front-ranking’ playback singer as Talat Mahmood was, but she has quite a few very well-known solos to her credit. She has some of the very well-known duets to her credit, too. A couple of Talat Mahmood – Mubarak Begum share the top billing of ‘best duets ever’ category. These ‘well-known’ duets can be treated to the rule that the combination of Talat Mahmood – Mubarak Begum remains a ‘rare’ combination.

We have (just) 6 duets and 1 triad from Hindi Film and one NFS   At a very first glance, it can be observed that these songs are spread over later part of Talat Mahmood’s mid-career to his end-of-the career years. Whether the Talat-Mubarak duets became hit or remained obscure, the common thread that runs through these songs is that even as none of the films had succeeded on the box office, these songs are the cherished gems for the most of Talat Mahmood or Mubarak Begum fans.

Ghir Ghir Aaye Badarwa Kare… Rang Bhare Ras Bhare Pyare – Dak Babu (1954) – Dhaniram – Prem Dhawan

Here we have a duet, in praise of the gathering clouds of monsoon, set to a semi-classical tune. No wonder that the song is so melodious.

Tera Bachpan Ek Kahani..Bhool Na Jana Balapana Ki Kahaani – Sangam (1954) – Ram Ganguly – S H Bihari

This is a beautifully crafted duet. Talat starts mukhada in a solo, continues with stanza in a solo, while reminiscing those lovely childhood moments, when Mubarak Begum joins him to carry forward those moments to the youth. For that portion of Mubarak Begum solo, the song runs on an altered rhythm, when Talat joins into a complete the stanza in duet. The style repeats in the next two stanza as well.

Aside Trivia:

This ‘Sangam’ is in the middle of the other two ‘Sanagam’s on each side – first one in 1941 and the later one in 1964.

Meri Bhi Dastaan Bhi Kya Dastaan Hai – Taatar Ka Chor (1955) – a triad with Asha Bhosle – Khayyam – Prem Dhawan

From the title, film appears to be based on some folklore of Tatarstan, a small kingdom on the banks of River Volga. The songs begins with recital of ‘shaers’ by Talat Mahmood and Asha Bhosle. Mubarak Begum, then, seamlessly picks up the mukda.

I listened to this song for the first time.

Asides Trivia:

This is the 3rd film after Khayyam adopted this pseudonym, first two being Footpath (1953) and Dhobi Doctor (1954).

Raat Kitni Hasen, Zindagi Maherbaan, Baat Kuchcha Nahin, Ban Gayee Dataan – Badal Aur Bijli (1956) – Bipin Babul – Anjum Jaipuri

Here is song that is so much poetic, so melodious, so soothing, set to a pleasing mid-eastern tune… and yet placed in an obscure “B’ grade movie, is destined to be consigned as a ‘forgotten gem’.

Chanda Ke Rang Liye, Taaro Ka Sang Liye…Sapno Ki DUniya Mein Aaj Aa – Harihar Bhakti (1556)  – K Datta – S P Kalla

The film is a typical mythology drama, however the song is a sheer beauty of romance. Interstingly, Mubarak Begum is so melodious that many listeners mistake her voice as that of Lata Mangeshkar.

Itne Qareeb Aake Bhii Kyaa Jaane Kis Liye Kuchh Ajnabii Se Aap Hain Kuchh Ajnabii Se Hum – Shagoon (1964) – Khayyam – Sahir Ludhyanvi

Theoretically, the song can be said to be belonging to the end of Talat Mahmood’s career, but Talat’s voice has not lost any of his vintage charm. Mubarak Begum also retains her melodious charm in the company of Talat Mahmood.

This is not only one of the most known of Talat-Mubark duets, it is undoubtedly regarded as one of the finest ever duets of Hindi Films.

Zara Keh Do Fizaaon Se Hamein Itna Satae Na.. Tumhi Keh Do Hawaon Se, Tumhaari Yaad Dilaye Na – Gogola (1966) – Roy Frank – Balkavi Bairagi

We again have a B grade movie, a not-much-known music director pair that has one of the most-remembered romantic duet

We will wrap-up Talat Mamood – Mubarak Begum duets with a NFS, which in fact is a Naat, a form folk-style Muslim prayer.

Hum Sunaate Hain Mohammad Mustafa Ki Dastaan

Talat Mahmood – Madhubala Jhaveri

Madhubala Jhaveri (19-1-1935 // 11-9-2013) active singing career in films is just 7 years from 1951 to 1958. She has sang 110 songs – 55 in Hindi, 27 in Marathi and 3 in Gujarati films. Obviously, Madhubal Jhaveri’s vocal skills have been tested in multiple ways in her songs across different languages. For example, here is a Gujarati poem which has been set to a quawalli-style format:

She was also very active on All India Radio as well. However, we do not have access to that wonderful treasure. For such a promising artist, her duets with Talat Mahmood are few in numbers and quite a few of them may be even less-heard-ones. But the paucity of numbers is more than made up by the pleasure of listening to these two unique voices in different moods.

Madhubala Jhaveri’s on-record debut is Rajput, a 1951 film, for which music was composed by Hansrah Behl.

Jao Jao Aa Gaya Bulawa Jang Ka – Rajput (1951) with Manna Dey – Hansraj Behl – Bharat Vyas

Madhubala Jhaveri was just16 when she recorded the songs for Rajput… but she has been able to passion for patriotism with the romantic emotions like a pro.

Tum Kaun Ho Rajkumari, Yeh Chanda Sa Mukhra Idhar To Karo – Rajput (1951) – Hansraj Behl – Bharat Vyas

This seems to be the song for a famous tradition in those days, wherein the bride-to-be would choose her groom in open contest. The song therefore blends a trace of authority that a young daughter of king would manifest during such an occasion.

Pyar Ki Rut Dorangi Saajana Man Mein Holi Ankh Mein Sawan – Apni Izzat (1952) –  Hansraj Behl – Asad Bhopali

The song is created to reflect the pensive mood of the couple deep in the emotions of mutual love. Entire song runs on very soft scale.

Dil Mera Tera Diwana.. Bas Itna Mera Fasana – Apni Izzat (1952) – Hansraj Behl – Pandit Phani

We now have a classic styled duet wherein both the players accept the mutual love.

Jabse Maine Dl Lagaya, Dil Kahin Lagata Nahin – Dost (1954) – Hansraj Behl – Asad Bhopali

The song is set to a Punjabi folk rhythm.

Ae Zamaane Bataa Do Dilo Ki Khata Hamko Barbaad Karke Tujhe Kya Mila – Dost (1954) – Hansraj Behl – Asaad Bhopali

The spectrum of moods of Talat Mahmood- Madhubal Jhaveri is now complete with a pure pathos duet.

Kehne Ko Bahot Kuchh Kehna Thaa Takraayi Nazar Sharma Hi Gaye….Diwali Ki Raat (1956) – Snehal Bhatkar – Madhukar Rajasthani

Madhubal Jhaveri and Talat Mahmood are deep in the playful romantic mood of the song.

Hafiz Khuda Tumhara Hamein Bhool Na Jaana – Naqabposh (1956) – Dhani Ram – Munir Arzoo Kazmi

The song would have been a mid-eastern setting, befitting the subject of the film. Madhubala Jhaveri now does justice to urdu diction.

As is obvious, we do not have any song today in Mohammad Rafi’s voice. So we will slightly deviate from our main theme and pick up a Rafi-Talat duet to end our present episode –

Kavita Naam Hai Gyaan Ka Ise Likhanewale Gyaani – Kavi (1954) – C. Ramchandra – Rajinder Krishna

Though set to a bhajan-style rhythm, the duet underscores a discourse wherein one protagonist claims superiority of legacy of the race to the artistic prowess of poetry, to which the other one systematically rebuts.

We will take up Talat Mahmood’s less –heard duets with some more co-singers next year…..

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

[1] Talat Mahmood – Documentary

[2]  A Films Division film on Mubarak Begum

Advertisements

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: January, 2019

Jaidev: Brilliant, But Underrated, Composer:  Journey from 1964 to 1970 – Jaidev’s music remains unscathed in less remembered songs of unknown films

We have been co-travelling the musical journey of Jaidev (a.k.a.  Jaidev Varma; B: 3 August 1919 – D : 6 January 1987) in this month of death anniversary, starting from the last year. We had covered the films from 1955 to 1963 last year..

By the end of this period, Jaidev’s career had seemed to attain the required escape velocity to go into the orbit of sustained commercial success. But, the fate had some other designs in its store. During the making of Mujhe Jeene Do, he had a bitter difference of opinion with Sahir Ludhyanavi, with whom he had created the two last masterpieces – Hum Dono and Mujhe Jeene Do. And then, Navketan was (reportedly) coerced to revert to S D Burman for Guide (1965), which turned out to be an all-round success.

With no (so-called) big banner under his fold, he was forced to take up work for low budget films. However, post-Mujhe Jeene Do, his music perhaps lost that ‘melody’  which gives the music a ‘mass’ touch, even though his compositions, still, were of an exalted order – soulful and sublime, spiritual and transcendental, ethereal and heavenly. In Hindi film industry, such music directors get cast for low-budget films. Jaidev could not emerge as an exception.

As may be observed in this episode, his elaborate compositions for smaller films found a smaller audience and yet Jaidev continued to give of his best in every film he worked on. Many of his best compositions are lost in unfinished films and albums. Though he is the only music director to have received three national wards for music in Hindi Films, as a music composer, he never properly received his due and was passed over many times for others, but his film scores linger on in the deep in our memories.

Presently, we continue with Jaidev’s musical journey from the year 1964 to 1970…….

Naihar Chhootal Jaaye (1964)

This is a Bhojpuri film. The one song that I could locate is thanks to Atul’s Song a Day.

Jiyara Kasak Masak Mor Rahe Laagal – Mohammad Rafi – Lyrics: Shailendra

We have a lilting, light songs from Jaidev. To many a Rafi fans, the song may not be totally unknown.

The songs has a Asha Bhosle version too. The subtle change in the composition that reflects the inherent feelings of a male and a female respectively strikingly comes to our notice.

Hamare Gam Se Mat Khelo (1967)

This one is also an obscure, low budget, film which has six songs, spanning singers like Talat Mahmood, Geeta Dutt, Asha Bhosle, Mahendra Kapoor and Krishna Kalle.

Ye Khamoshi Kyu Ye Madhoshi Kyu – Geeta Dutt – Lyrics: Nyay Sharma

This is the only song that Jaidev has recorded with Geeta Dutt,based on a western style composition, which is also a rarity for Jaidev. Geeta Dutt sounds as lively as she was in ‘40s.

Ye Bahar Ka Sama Karar Ka Sama Nikhar Ka Sama Kho Na Dena – Mahendra Kapoor – Krishna Kalle – Lyrucs: Nyay Sharma

Even if the singers seem to have been chosen to fit into the shoe-string budget, Jaidev maintains his touch in the composition. The composition has inherent melody to listen to, but is difficult to hum with.

Ansoo Chuupaye Aankh Mein, Khoon-e-Jigar Piya Karun – Talat Mahmood –  Lyrics: Shireeh

This is fairly known song. The composition has a typical Jaidev touch – probably little difficult hum along, but certainly very melodious to the ears. Such songs do not become very popular, but are not easily forgotten too.

Kahiye Kya Hukam Hai, Main Pyar Karoon Ya Na Karoon, Kahiye Kya Hukam hai – Asha Bhosle – Lyrics Nyay Sharma

Essentially this is a mujra song.. The composition is set to rather difficult style.

Jiyo Aur Jeene Do (1969)

This is the only films wherein Jaidev and Hasrat Jaipuri team up together.

Main to Kar Kar Binati Haari Re – Suman Kalyanpur – Lyrics: Hasrat Jaipuri

Here is another song which is rare – from the point of view of hardly being heard, being a maiden song of Jaidev-Suman Kalyanpur combination and being a song which is as melodies as a Jaidev or a Suman Kalyanpur song will always be.

Ye Dharati Hamari Dharati Hai,Hum Isko Swarg Banayenge – Manna Dey, Sulakshana Pandit –  Lyrics: Hasrat jaipuri

The composition and bass orchestration are literally down to earth, in spite of the inherent complexity of the tune.

Aaj Ki Raat Bas Jalwa Dikhane Ke Liye – Mohammad Rafi – Lyrics: Hasrat jaipuri

Here is a composition that is complex, but sounds so appealing in Mohammad Rafi’s voice.

Roop Ki Dhoop to Dhal Ke Rahegi –Mohammad Rafi – Lyrics: Hasrat jaipuri

The prelude and interlude pieces suggest that the song would be a street song

Sapna (1969)

One more obscure film, not much known lyricist, and yet, Jaidev holds the fort.

Anadi Mor Balma .. Achar Dhar Thunke – Laxmi Shankar – Lyrics: V N Mangal

Jaidev experiments using voice of classical singers for his semi-classical songs.

Ae Meri Majbutr Zindagi.. Chal Ri Kahin Chal Tu Zindagi – Manna Dey – Lyrics: V N Mangal

Even though we have audio track of the song, the rhythm leaves no doubt that the song would have been sung while travelling on a cart, which was a very-well experimented genre in those days.

Mujh Se Mat Rootho, Na Na Rootho Meri Jaan Chali Jaayegi  – Mohammad Rafi – Lyrics: V N Mangal

A fast-paced, rootahana-manana’ genre song that shows that Jaidev can also do that any other commercially successful music director could do !

A twin version in the voice of Krishna Kalle, which has some obvious variation to reflect the rendition by the female counterpart of a roothana manana situation.

This episode has so large a share of Mohammad Rafi songs that I could have done away with the tradition of ending the episode with a Rafi song. However, I find two unreleased film songs in Mohammad Rafi’s voice.

Ek Bulbulaa Paani Ka (1970, Unreleased)

Teen Taal Par Naach .. Budhape, Bachpan aur Jawani Ke.. Rang Hazaron – Mohammad Rafi – Lyrics: Kaifi Azmi

Jaidev presents Mohammad Rafi in a soulful bhajan.

Shaadi Kar Lo (1970, Unrelased)

Na Tum Haton Na Hum Hatein  – Mohammad Rafi and Parveen Sultana – Lyrics : Jan Nisaar Akhtar

We have a very rare qawwali from Jaidev, wherein he has daringly experimented with voice of Parveen Sultana.

Normally, we do not add any commentary in any episode, after we come to the end of the episode with Mohammad Rafi songs. However, I would seek to make an exception in the present case.

I have a confession to make. After re-visiting the songs from the last episode, when I started listing the films from Jaidev’s filmography, I had a feeling that I should be lucky if I can choose at least one song from each of these totally obscure film.

However, as soon as I started listening to these songs, I started realizing what a gross under- judgement I had made about the genius that is Jaidev. Each song is worth listening repeatedly. Each song has its own unique composition, set to different styles, has used different singers and has been penned by different lyricist. Hence, I have chosen to post YT video of each song here even at the cost of making the song a little larger in the quantity of number of songs.

Also, I have recorded elsewhere my feeling that Jaidev has not done much work with Mohammad Rafi, after Mujhe Jeene Do. That impression also goes out of the window here.

On that note, I now look forward to Jaidev’s creations in ‘70s, even more eagerly in our next episode next year.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: December, 2018

Mohammad Rafi’s First Solo Song With The Music Director: 1956

To commemorate Mohammad Rafi’s anniversaries, [Born: 24 December, 1924// Death: 31 July, 1980] we commenced a series of articles on Mohammad Rafi that essentially tried to bring the solo song of Mohammad Rafi from the first film with the music director.  Beginning 2016, we have taken up one five-year slot every year, in the chronological order, starting from 1944, the year in which Mohammad Rafi sang his maiden solo song in Hindi Films.

Till now we have covered

  • 1st Five-Year Period: 1944 -1948: December, 2016

1944-1946 – 11 December, 2016

1947-1948 – 22 December, 2016

  • 2nd Five-Year Period: 1949-1953

1949 – 15 July, 2017

1950 -1951 – 10th December, 2017

1952-1953 – 17th December 2017

  • 3rd Five-Year Period: 1954-1958

1954-1955 – 8 July, 2018

Presently, we will take up songs for the year 1956, of the third five-year-slot of 1954-1958.

[For the sake for structured documentation, I will be following the alphabetical sequence of Film names in the post.]

1956

1956 has 138 solo songs of Mohammad Rafi., and as can be expected most of these songs are from music directors like, Bulo C Rani, Husnlal Bhagatram, Narayan Dutt, A R Quereshi, Hemant Kumar, Salil Chaudhary, Shamker Jaikishan, Madan Mohan, Shardul Kwatra, N Dutta, O P Nayyar, Lachhi Ram, Shyam Babu Pathak etc.

The major landmark solo songs that we remember from this year are: Badi Der Bhayi and Duniya Na Bhaye (Basant Bahar, Shanker Jaikishan); Aaye Bahar Ban Ke Lubha Kar Chale Gaye (Raj Hath, Shankar Jaikishan), Maine Chand Sitaron Ki (Chandrakanta, N Dutta); Gareeb Jaan Kar (Choo Mantar, O P Nayyar), Parwar Digar-e_Alanm (Hatimtai, S N Tripathi); Aeki Main Jhooth Boliya (With S balbir, Jagate Raho, Salil Chaudhary); Hazaron Rang Badalega Zamana (Shirin Farhad, S Mohinder).

Interestingly, for the year 1956, even as there are so many music directors who have already settled on Mohammad Rafi as a lead male singer, we have a fairly large catch of first films in which a music director has composed solo songs for the first time for Mohammad Rafi.

Sudipta Bhattacharya is totally an unknown name.in so far as Hindi films is concerned. There appears to be one more film to his credit – Taaj Aur Talwar in this year itself.

Bahut Jal Kar Mohabbat Mein Mera Dil, Aaj Bola Kayamat Hai Tu , Are Bijali Hai Tu Shola Hai
Thoda Sa Sharbat-e-Dildar Chahiye – Ghulam Brgum Badshah – Lyrics: Rupbani

The song is quawaali-styled composition, rendered in what is recognized as classic Johnny-Walker mannerisms on screen and mimicked by Rafi in the playback.

K Datta (a.k.a. Korgaonkar Datta) was a music director whose main body of the work pertains to the vintage era. He was known for his preference of Noor Jehan as his most favored singer.

Hamein Na Bisaro Hamein Taro Sanware – Harihar Bhakti – Lyrics: S P Kalla

I have not been able to locate the digital copy of this song from net.

It was high time that Anil Biswas uses Mohammad Rafi in a solo song. He has used Rafi’s voice for two s0los and a duet (with Asha Bhosle).

Preet Ka Rogi Ho Ya Jogi, Dono Ek Saman, Ho Ek Dhunde Apne Pritam Ko, Ek Dhunde Bhagwan
Allah Teri Khair Kare, Maula Teri Khair Kare, Data Teri Khair Kare – Heer – Lyrics: Rajendra Krishna

Rafi enacts the intense desire to meet the beloved while retaining an undertone of control befitting an ascetic.

Le Ja Uski Duaaye Woh Jo Tera Ho Na Saka, Apni Jati Baharo Se Gale Mil Ke Ro Na Saka – Heer – Lyrics: Majrooh Sultanpuri

The song is set to the Punjabi folk tune heer, meant for the songs sung at the time of farewell of bride from her parent’s home.

Ajit Merchant is one of the legions of music directors who did not succeed at the altar of commercial counter.

Panchhi Gane Lage Prabhati Aane Laga Saras Savera, Jaag Sundari Madhur Milan Ka Aaya Hai Din Tera….– Indra leela – Lyrics: Deepak Kumar Saraswati

Here is a, quite a complex, song to sing, particularly for a film that seems to be based on a mythological subject.

Name of Sanmukh Babu (Upadhyay) will immediately bring to mind his Mubarak Begum song – Nigahon Se Dil Mein Chale Aayiega…(Hameer Hath, 1964)

Angaro Pe Hai Teri Zindagi Ki Gaadi, Khele Ja Tu Aag Se Khiladi – Lakar – Lyricist: Pradeep

We get to listen to an innovative variation of marching tune.

Naya Aadmi seems to be a remake of a Telugu film, hence barring three songs, which were composed by Madan Mohan, all songs have been composed by the music directors of the original version, i.e. Vishwanaath – Ram Murthy.

Jo Bhi Chahe Mang Le Bhagwan Ke Bhandar Se, Koi Bhi Na Jaaye Khali Is Darbar Se….  Jagat Ka Rakhwala Bhagwan Are Insaan Use Pahechan – Naya Aadmi – Rajendra Krishna

The song appears to be a background song.

Shivram Krishna, known for his music for the Surang(1953), Teen Batti Char Rasta(1953)  and Sampurna Teerth Yatra(1970), gives two solos for Mohammad Rafi here.

Bade Pyar Se Milana Sab Se – Sati Anasuya – Lyrics: Bharat Vyas

The songs is enacted by an ascetic on his daily alms-collection round. The song is quite melodious and has deftly embedded Rafi’s signature scale variations.

Sun Sun Re Zara Insaan – Sati Anasuya – Lyrics: Bharat Vyas

This one seems to be a background song. .Incidentally song draws upon the Gujarati folk rhythm of Garba.

Iqbal, a.k.a. Chhota Iqbal, more a stunt film composer, is often been mistaken for more famous name-alike composer Iqbal Qureshi. Iqbal (Mohammed Iqbal), operated from 1953 to 1975.

Aye Madre Vatan Madre Vatan, Rahenge Leke Raj Hum Wo Tera Takhat-o-Taz Hum – Sipahsalar – Lyrics: Farooq Qaisaar

We have a patriotic songs, composed on the marching tune.

Kamal Mitra is an obscure name.

Pyaar Be-qaraar Hai, Pyaar Ki Pukaar Sun, Rakh Le Aaj Meri Laaj, Main Tere Nisaar Sun – Yahudi Ki Beti – Lyrucs: Kaifi Azmi

The composition of the song does full justice to Kaifi Azami’s lyrics. The song appears to be the background song, ending with high-pitched call to the love to listen to the voice of the loved one.

There is a Lata Mangeshkar version, composed to an altogether different style, manifesting more the poignancy of separation.

To end our present episode, I have selected a Mohammad Rafi song from 1956, which is lesser known one:

Ankh Mein Surat Teri Lab Pe Fasana Tera – Choo Mantar (1956) – O P Nayyar – Lyrucs: Jan Nissar Akhtar

As we have had enough number of songs for one post, we will take up the songs for 1957 and 1958 in a separate post, planned to be published on 24th December, 2018, on the birth anniversary of Mohammad Rafi.

 

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

P.S. :

All episodes of the series ‘Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs’ for the year 2018 can be accessed at / downloaded from Fading Memories….Unforgettable Songs – 2018

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: November, 2018

Salil Chaudhury and Shailendra’s Songs Fading From the Memory – 1

Salil Chaudhary (10 November, 1922 – 5 September, 1995)is considered to be belonging to the unorthodox style of music composition even he had manifested marked influence of folk tunes of his native Bengal, had been attracted by the western classical music through the works of Bach, Beethoven or Mozart and adapted Indian classical Ragas too very comfortably. He could play many Indian and Western instruments, and he was an acclaimed writer, playwright, choir conductor, composer and lyricist during his first innings during 40s- till early ‘50s, in Calcutta. His second innings in Mumbai, with his maiden Hindi Film, Do Bigha Zameen, brought him in contact with another genius- Shailendra.

Whether it was Shailendra’s knowledge of Bengali, his capability to write poetic lyrics, fully reflecting the situation in the film, even when presented with a tune or his own background of working as a proletariat, the simple fact remains that, after Shankar Jaikishan, Shailendra has written around 108 songs for around 19 Hindi Films under the baton of Salil Chaudhary, which works out to almost one fourth of the Hindi films for which Salil Chaudhary composed music.  Salil Chaudhary used to prefer compose tune first and would expect his lyricist to write the lyrics in that spirit. Shailendra’s songs under his composition have retained Shailendra’s poetic touch even under these constraints.

 

In our series of annual articles, we will cover Shaildendra’s songs composed by Salil Chaudhary We will take a closer look at the songs that seem to receding from the memory while we take note of the songs that remain quite popular even now. For this purpose, we will traverse their films in chronological order.

Do Bigha Jamin (1953)

This is the film for which his script is based on his own short story. As per the original design he was being called in to write the script, and fate landed music composition too in his account. He also composed music for another Bimal Roy directed in the same year – Biraj Bahu. There is not much documentation available how was Shailendra was called in as a lyricist for the film. Nor does it matter, as we have all evergreen songs form this pair’s maiden joint venture:

We will listen to Aaja Ja Ri Aa Nindiya (Lata Mangeshkar) in details here.

Meena Kumari, who was the leading lady of a 1953 Ashok Kumar’s production, and Bimal Roy directed, Parineeta, appears in a cameo role for this lullaby. This remains the only occasion wherein Meena Kumari has perfumed such a cameo role in her entire career.

Naukari 1954

A Nepali tune based happy version o Chhota Sa Ghar Hoga (Kishore, Sheila Belle )  overshadows other songs of the film Salil Chowdhury has experimented with Hemant Kumar for the sad version of this song.

Ek Chhoti Si Naukri Ka Talabdar Hun – Kishore, Shankar Dasgupta, Shyamal Mitra

Shailendra has so wonderfully laid down expectations of an educated youth, which remains universally true at all the times. Salil Chaudhary establishes his prowess to compose light tunes in an unconventional style.

Arji Hamari Ye Marji Hamari, Jo Soche Bina Thukraoge Dekho Bade Pachhataoge – Kishore Kumar

The song opens with what appears to be a simple recital of the application for the job, but soon cleverly gets transformed in an application for a space in mind of the beloved.

Jhoome Re Kali Bhanwara Ulajh Kaanton Mein – Geeta Dutt

Salil Chaudhary has opted for Geeta Dutt’s voice to convey the bubbling pleasure of formal acceptance, with the self, of the budding love relation. Shailendra’s poetic imagination matches every note of the song that expresses the subdued pleasure of the very young girl in the conservative times of a traditional society.

O Man Re Na Gham Kar, Ye Aansoo Banege Sitare, Judai Mein Dil Ke Sahare  – Lata Mangeshkar

Salil Chaudhary had so high respect for Lata Mangeshkar’s singing prowess that he would come up with difficult than normal composition for her songs. In the present song, he has used harmonica in the prelude and orchestration of violins with flute in the interludes to create the feeling of train motion. In the process, he has synchronized the director’s use of metaphor of the train movement to indicate the anticipation of much awaited momentum in hero’s life. Shailendra’s lyrics truthfully convey the pang of partition while Sheela Ramani ruefully bids him the farewell.

Amaanat (1955)

Ho Jab Se Mili Tose Ankiyan Jiyara Dole Re (Hemant Kumar, Geeta Dutt) and Meri Wafaye Tumhari Jafaye, Aansoo Likhenge Fasaana Pyar Ka (Asha Bhosle) qualify as more known than the other songs of the film. The former duet is an Assamese folk tune based song, which reelect the feelings of the lead pair. The later Asha Bhosle solo would be immediately recalled by the fans of Asha Bhosle, even if the song has receded from the memory after the onslaught of OPN – Asha deluge in the later years. The songs is a signature Salil Chaudhary composition.

Chet Re Moorkh Chet Re Awsar Beet Jaye Re – Manna Dey, Asha Bhosle

An old saintly beggar and his young keeper singing a song that contains the deep message for the principal protagonists was a popular genre of Hindi Films in that period, and Manna Dey required lot of luck and hard work to get of this cast..

Chhal Chhal Paani Hamari Zindagani Ye Chal Ke Rukana Jaane Na – Manna Dey, Asha Bhosle, chorus

The song depicts a cheering group of young children taking out water from the wheel with the help of a bucketed water-wheel. The water flowing into the trough spurs them to the song which the sings the beauty and power of flowing water. The village belle and the working artisans also flow into the mood of the song. Shailendra, too, fully utilizes the opportunity to present the idea of a utopian world!

Baanki Adayein Dekhna Ji  Dekhna Dil Na Churaye Dekhanaji  – Geeta Dutt

Salil Chaudhary once again uses mellifluous silken charm of Geeta Dutt’s soft voice to express the feelings of Chand Usmani, on the piano, through the lips of her friend, Asha Mathur, in this party.

Jab Tumne Mohabbat Cheen Li Kya Milega Bahroon Se – Asha Bhosle

Salil Chaudhary has, inexplicably, chosen Asha Bhosle for this pathos song. In what is now emerging as his individual style, he has gone onto compose quite complex tune. Asha Bhosle rises to the challenge and does full justice to the confidence invested in her. However, the song become so difficult for an ordinary listener to sing the song on her own, that song does not attain the popularity.

Aawaz (1956)

Awaz was a Mehboob production, directed by the lyricist Zia Sarhadi. It had popular songs penned by lyricists other than Shailendra, like Dil Tere Liye Dole, Dhitang Dhitang Bole (Prem Dhawan), Dil Diwana Dil Mastana Mane Na and Aaraa Ram Taara Ram Duniya Ke Kaise Gam (both by Zia Sarhadi). Shailendra was one of the four lyricists and has penned three of the total 10 songs.

Baba Teri Sone Chiraiya, Jaaye Anajane Ki Nagariya   – Lata Mangeshkar

The song is a marriage song wherein bride’s friend try to tone down the pall of gloom that is imminently felt because of the departure of the bride from her parental home. The interlude music has very cleverly interwoven the traditional band party music played during the bridegroom procession.

The other two songs have Mohammad Rafi. Therefore, that makes a very opportune placement to traditionally our post with relevant Mohammad Rafi song(s):

Aayi Baraat Baje Gaaje Se…… Aaj Mera Dulha Kam Nahi Kisi Raje Se – Mohammad Rafi, S.Balbir, chorus

This is the song that friends of the bridegroom sing when they take him on their shoulders to the marriage podium. If the previous genre songs have an undercurrent of pathos, these types of song have loud boisterous tone.

Lo Bhor Hui Panchi Nikle …. Talash Mein Dane Dane Ki, Insan Bhi Lo Ghar Se Nikla, Dhun Roti Kamane Ki – Mohammad Rafi

The song is typically the voice of the proletariat class, which is the basic theme of the film, as evidenced by the title. Shailendra has again taken the opportunity to place his own deep-felt ideals into the poetic mound the lyrics of the song. The song has been very innovatively been placed as the title-credit song, too. Rafi’s very soft delivery of the song also is quite noteworthy.

In these four films, we have been able to look at multiple facets of Salil Chaudhary’s music composing styles and the degree of Salil Chaudhary – Shailendra tuning. The wait till the next year may appear to be too long, but if you consider these songs as the gourmet wine, then that time is indeed required to allow the songs to mature into our minds.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: October, 2018

Shankar- (Jaikishan) and Shailendra’s Songs Fading From the Memory 1949 – 1953

We are now running a series on Shailendra’s songs with other than Shanker Jaikishan songs, similarly the songs of Hasrat Jaipuri with other music directors too. We have also taken up Shamker-Jaikishan’s songs written by Hasrat Jaipuri, which essentially focus on Jaikishan’s compositions. So the only one person who does not seem to have received his due was Shankar (Singh Raghuvanshi) October is the month of Shanker’s birthday (25 October 1922 — 26 April 1987). So, we cannot have a better occasion to institute a series on Shanker(-Jaikishan)’s compositions that have been penned by Shailendra.

Top: Left Shanker, Right – Jaikishan;
Bottom: From L to R: Hasrat, Shailendra, Dattaram, Sebastian

Shanker-Jaikishan debuted with Raj Kapoor’s Barsaat in 1949. By the time fate would bring in Shailendra in this team, all except two songs were ready. Shailendra is said to have first written, fatefully or as his wont, meaningfully

Barsat Mein… Sajan Ham Se Mile Tum.. Barsat Mein – Lata Mangeshkar

The other one that Shailendra wrote was

Patli Kamar Hai Tirchhi Nazar Hai – Mukesh, Lata Mangeshkar

That seems to set the tone of Shanker-Jaikishan’s approach to what they will present as their unique identity in a highly completive word – innovative orchestration to essentially Indian tunes..

Even as Mohammad Rafi had his entry in the team in Barsaat itself, for the purpose of the scope of our present series, we will have to wait till 1951 to make the big picture complete.

Naiya Teri Majdhar – Awara 1951 – Mohammad Rafi, chorus

From Awara onwards, Mukesh shall be the playback voice of Raj Kapoor was a  settled affair. However, Shanker Jaikishan invariably had one Mohammad Rafi song in each of RK Films till Mera Naam Joker, except of course, Aah, and Jis Desh Mein Ganga Baheti Hai.

Pavitra Sitamai Ko Tune Diya Banwas – Awara (1951)   – Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar, chorus)

This songs metaphorically sets the stage for the film’s narrative, by drawing from Ramayana, wherein Ram tells Sita to leave Ayodhya, knowing fully well that she in the advanced stage of pregnancy. The story of “Awara’ has one more agenda – to prove that a progeny of the upper class will always remain upper class and vive versa.

Anmol Pyaar Bin Mol Bike – Badal (1951) – Lata Mangeshkar

Whether by design or by the circumstances, Shanker Jaikishan’s first few films have a very high degree of skew tilting towards Lata Mangeshkar.

Illa Belle..Din Hai Pyare Pyare – Kali Ghata (1951) – Lata Mangeshkar

Shailendra deftly weaves fil title in the song, if not in the first couplet (mukhada), then in the first stanza. Interestingly Kishore Shahoo has carried the accordion to, probably, bring in a sense reality to the presentation of the song!

Dekho Aaya Yeh Kaisa Zamana – Daag (1952) – Lata Mangeshkar, chorus

Here we have a song that is set to classic Marathi folk tune.

Kya Bataoon Mohabbat Hai Kya – Parbat (1952) – Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Dutt

There are not as many songs of Geeta Dutt from Shankar-Jaikishan’s stable, and then a trio of Geeta Dutt, Lata Mangeshkar and Mohammad Rafi is even rarer. The film itself is far less heard of. The soft composition of the song adds to the rarities.

O O My Dear Aao Near – Nagina (1952) – Mohammad Rafi, Shamshad Begum

To the most of Nagina was film where Nutan was not permitted entry during the premier because she was not yet an adult, that this was the first film after Nasir Khan had returned from a highly unsuccessful move to permanently migrate to Pakistan, that Shanker Jaikishan had dared experimenting the lead male song in the voice of C H Atma and had also presented their maiden haunting melody in Lata Mangeshkar’s voice. SJ also have successfully risen to the challenge of simultaneously presenting very light songs as well, the other one being Humse Koi Pyar Karo Ji. Both these light-tones songs are filmed on Gope and Mohana.

The year 1953 has as many as 9 films within the scope of our series, which in itself would be able to provide the material for one independent post. However, I have chosen to include three films here, because one song from each of the two films provides us variety – of singers and of the song situation. Third one has two great Mohammad Rafi songs that would fit into our tradition of ending each our post with Mohammad Rafi song related to the subject of the post.

Chhoti Si Yeh Zindagani Re Char Din Ki Kahani Teri – Aah (1953) – Mukesh

Mukesh also plays a caeo role of the horse cart driver in this song. The clip here is the one in which the films ends on a happy note. Originally, at the end of the song the hero passes away and is not able to meet her beloved.

This is what is supposed to be the original end.

Chahe Naina Churao Chahe Daman Bachao Pyar Ho Ke Rahega – Aas (1953)  – Talat Mahmood, Lata Mangeshkar

When the main protagonists cannot directly communicate what they want to convey to each other, the hind films would adopt a set of street players to come in and convey that thing through a song. Here is on such song.

And here are those two Mohammad Rafi songs:

Nanhe Munne Bacche Teri Mutthi Mein Kya Hai – Boot Polish (1953) – Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle, chorus

Here is a song that fits like T to a traditional proverb – to get a slope when you want to run. Mohammad Rafi gets free hand in enacting an old man, Asha Bhosle gets to enact an adolescent girl, Shailendra gets to dream of future that he would like the new generation to enjoy and Shankar Jaikishan have a situation that naturally bends their inherent composition style.

Tumhare Hain Tumse Daya Maangte Hain  – Boot Polish (1953) – Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle, chorus

Beggar songs has been one of the most experimented genre in Hindi Film songs. However subtle use of pieces of flute lifts the songs from an ordinary orphanage fund collection tune. Mohammad Rafi depicts subtle pathos in delivering the song’s message but when it comes to express their necessities he depicts an unmistakable spirit of not begging something but expecting to share what the haves have.

We will continue our journey of refreshing Shanker (Jaikishan)’s songs of Shailendra on once year basis article every October.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: September, 2018

(Shankar-) Jaikishan and Hasrat Jaipuri’s Songs Fading From the Memory 1955 – 1957

As long as all four were alive Shankar – Jaikishan did not work with any other lyricists than Hasrat Jaipuri and Shailendra, even as Hasrat Jaipuri and Shailendra did work with other music directors in that period, with probably two exceptions. One is O O Mujhe Kisi Se Pyar Ho Gaya from ‘Barsat’ (1949) and the other being Arzoo 1965). However, our topic of the present discussion is not this matter.

September is the month of death anniversary of Jaikishan [4 November, 1929 – 12 September, 1971) and Hasrat Jaipuri [15 April, 1922 – 17 September, 1999].  In our present series we have been covering the songs written by Hasrat Jaipuri that have been composed by Shankar-Jaikishan in the month of September. In September, 2017 we had covered the (S)J-HJ songs from 1949 to 1954.

The quartet had very smoothly carved out a seamless division of work – who would compose whose songs, which situations will be handled by whom etc. In that arrangement Jaikishan and Hasrat Jaipuri worked in tandem.

For our present episode, we have covered (S)J-HJ songs from 1955 to 1957. As I started compiling the list for the post, the songs that came up from the initial films happened to be the songs that had been rendered by Lata Mangeshkar. Therefore, I went on to only select the (S)J-HJ_LM songs for the rest of the present episode, save of course the traditional end-of-the-post Mohammad Rafi song(s)..

Baat Baat Mein Rutho Na, Apane Aap Ko Loota Na – Seema (1955)

Here is typical Jaikishan composition, opening up with a melodious stroke of piano accordion that continues well into the first and the second interlude. Hasrat Jaipuri matches his lyrics well with the mood of the songs, but has not missed the chance to show his soft, poetic feelings in the lyrics.

O Jaanewale Mud Ke Zara Dekh Ke Jaana – Shree  420 (1955)

Here is one of the relatively-less-heard song from the film but is a signature HJ composition which begin with couplet. The second stanza of the song had been edited out in the film.

Main Piya Teri Tu Maane Ya Na Maane – Basant Bahar (1956)

Shailendra had lion’s share of songs for ‘Basant Bahar’, but the ones that HJ penned have also been equally melodious and well-remembered ones. The use of flute pieces in the orchestration add to the melodious effect.

Us Paar Sajan Is Paar Dhare Le Chal O Maaji Kinare Kinare – Chori Chori (1956)

The present video clip has very rightly captured the first few moments of the songs wherein Nargis is seen frantically swimming out in the sea. Jaikishan has captured the motion with a very quick stokes of violin ensemble. And the, Nargis seems to have reached a safe distance, symbolized the beginning of a chorus by the fishermen-women on the boats.

HJ has also additionally contributed one of the most iconic Manna Dey – Lata duets  (Aa Ja Sanam), or  a very lilting Lata song (Panchhi Banu Udati Pheeru) on one hand and a very light Rafi-Lata duet (Tum Arabon Ka Her Pher Karanewale) in the film.

Usse Mil Gayi Nayi Zindagi.. Jise Dard-e-Dil Ne Mita Diya – Halaku (1956)

Hasrat Jaipuri had a minor share of songs in this film too. The other two songs are also Lata Mangeshkar numbers – O Sunata Ja and Bol Mere Malik. Each of these three songs are written for totally different situations.

Koi Mere Sapnon Mein Aaya , Dheere Man Mein  Samaya – New Delhi (1956)

(S)J comes up with a complex tune that is orchestrated equally richly.

Saat Samundar Paar– Patrani (1956)

One more complex tune by (S)J.

I had originally selected “Nadiya Kinare Phiru Pyasi, Haay Pi Bin Jiyara Taras Taras Reh Jaaye” from Raajhath (1956). However, I could not locate audio / video link for this song. So, we move on to the next best choice.

Anatar Mantar Jantar Se Maidan Liya Hai Maar – with Usha Mangeshkar – Rajhath (1956)

As per the general understanding of the outsiders, the dance numbers were usually composed by Shankar. However, in this case, it is difficult to guess who would composed the tune and set it to orchestra.

Gori-Gori-Gori Main Pariyon Ki Chhori… Chham Chham.. Karati Aayi Hun Main Saat Aasma Se – Begunah (1957)

We have one more song wherein a very complex set of bass rhythm has been set, orchestrated over a multiple instruments simultaneously.

(S)J-HJ combination’s duet – Din Albele Pyaar Ka Musam (Manna Dey, Lata) – in the film is a very typical SJ tune.

So Ja Re So Ja Mere Raj Dulhare So Ja Taare Bhi So Gaye Dharati Ke Sitare So Ja– Kathputli (1957)

For Hindi Film lullabies this is very complex tune, perhaps befitting the mood the situation in the films

We conclude our each episode with a relevant Mohammad Rafi song. For the present episode I have picked one of the two songs from – Seema- and one from – Raaj Hath.

Hamien Bhi Dedo Sahara Ke Besahara Hai  – Seema – with chorus.

In terms of the poetical quality of the lyrics of Hasrat Jaipuri songs would go, this song perhaps would occupy top row.  (S)J have also excelled in composing the tune and setting supporting orchestration to the tune.

Aaye Bahar Ban Ke Lubha Kar Chale Gaye, Kya Raaz Tha Dil Mein Chhupa Kar Chale Gaye – Raaj Hath (1956)

(S)J – HJ have grabbed every opportunity to compose a ghazal in Mohamamd Rafi’s voice and we have had excellent scores to cherish. Here is one more that immediately comes to my memory – Teri Zulfo Se Judai To Nahi Maagi Thi  

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: August, 2018

Shailendra and Roshan

Shankardas Kesarilal, born on 30 August 1923, popularly known as Shailendra, was known to conjure up songs on a spark after waiting for days on end to write the first line. These songs were always full of meaning, sentiments and yet were never too difficult to comprehend.

Roshanlal Nagrath (14 July 1917 – 16 November 1967), better known by his first name Roshan for the sheer melody of his tunes.

We pay our tribute to these two most cherished names of HFM today, by recalling their less remembered songs. These songs belong to a period when Shailendra had just attained the fame, but Roshan was still in the process of carving out a space for himself.

It may not therefore be a matter of sheer (commercial) chance that films for which Shailendra wrote songs to Roshan’s compositions number just after Shanker Jaikishan, S D Burman and Salil Chaudhary.

Last year, in our article in the present series, we had a Roshan – Shailendra song  Mere Dil Ki Dhadkhan Kya Bole [Anhonee (1952); Talat Mahmod, Lata Mangeshkar]. We take over our journey of Roshan+Shailendra songs from that point of their co-work. For our present article, I have chosen those songs for which I could not recollect the song by just reading the initial words of the song. I have also tried to include as many playback singers as possible while applying the first filter.

Kajraari Matwari Madhbhari Do Ankiyan – Naubahar (1952) – Rajkumari

The song has been placed in the film to convey the real negative feeling which the protagonist (Kuldeep Kaur) had when she was presented to meet a very bright, but a blind, son of a rich man. The song has been set to a mujra dance, which has all the external forms of a very expressive art, but socially carries a negative connotation.

Preet Nibhani Balma Tum Kya Jano O Sajana– Sanskar (1952) – Meena Kapoor

We have only an audio clip available here.

Mil Jhul Ke Kaaton Logon Gareebe Ke Fande – Aagosh (1953) – Hemant Kumar, Indra Meerchandani, chorus

The song gives a call to the people to unitedly fight the poverty and usher in the poverty. The lyrics of the song have been closely aligned with the work of log cutting being carried out by teams of the workers.

Jhilmil Taare Kare Ishaare – Maashuqua (1953) – Mukesh, Suraiya

This is lullaby duet, which is a rather uncommon format for the genre. The song has interwoven the touch of pathos about the ways of the world.

Dil Ki Shiyakat Nazar Ke Shiqve Ek Jhubaan Aur Lakh Bayaan, Chhupa Na Sakun Dikha Na Sakun Mere Dil Ke Dard Bhi Hue Jawan – Chandani Chowk (1954) – Lata Mangeshkar

This song belongs to letter (‘chitthi’) genre of songs. The song has an ebullient, very young, pre-tragedy queen Meena Kumari in the process of writing down her thousands of tales (‘bayaan’) through one pen….

Jawan Ye Zindagi Pyaar Ka Sama – Coffee House(1957) – Asha Bhosle

This is the only song written by Shailendra for this film. In fact Hasrat Jaipuri has written one more and all other were written by Prem Dhawan

Ho-Ho Hone Laga Ye Dil Mein Dard Kaisa…Mitha Mitha Kisi Ke Pyar Jaisa – Aji Bas Shukriya(1958)  – Asha Bhosle

The vivacious Geeta Bali is her at effervescent best, well-supported by rollicking lyrics composed to a very unorthodox tune..

Ik Din Ye Aansoo Banenge Sitare, Kabhi Na Kabhi Din Aayenge Hamare – Heera Moti (1959) – Lata Mangeshkar

Shailendra translates the dream of the adolescent girl of realizing a day that would be her own. Roshan has finely woven the cautious optimism in the composition of the song.

Bata Do Koi Kaun Gali Gaye Shyam – Madhu (1959) – Lata Mangeshkar ║Manna Dey
A very well-known bhajan, cast in a twin song style.

Jaise Court Mein Haakim Ki Chale Re Kalam, Ter Sang Mein, Ho Tere Sang Mein Chaloongi Chaloongi Baalam – Soorat Aur Seerat (1962) – Asha Bhosle

The song is lady’s promise to be a fully-involved co-traveler on the roads of the life. Why Shailendra would have chosen a mundane metaphor of a judge’s pen delivering a judgement for so sentimental a commitment being conveyed remains unfathomed.

To end our present episode with a Mohammad Rafi song we have one more very unique experiment by Shailendra – Roshan combination –

Na Ro Bhai Na Ro,. Main Tera Banadar Dug Dug Naachu –Deep Jalte Rahe(1959) – Mohammad Rafi, Vijaya

The song brings in the essential philosophy of moving on among all the negative circumstances. The song has used metaphor of the servants of the home baby-sitting the toddler who then goes up into a young boy.

When we look back these ’pieces’ of choices of the song, we see a totally new Roshan emerging from the lyrics of Shailendra.  The pattern obviously not conducive to being commercially successful, but nonetheless provides a fine insight into the deep creativity of both, Roshan as well as Shailendra.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.