Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: February, 2018

Talat Mahmood’s Duet Combinations with Rare Co-singers

For most of the lovers of Hindi Film Music, Talat Mahmood is remembered almost every day through his 800 + songs. So, we need to devise an apt expression to remember him in the month (24th February, 1924) of his birth anniversary.

We have taken up refreshing our memory of some of the duets that seem to be receding from our memory. Last year, when we penned down such duets, we had had a panorama of such duets with a wide spectrum of co-singers. The great bulk of his duets obviously remain with Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle and to some extent with Geeta Dutt and Shamshad Begum. His duets with other singers like Suraiya, Mubarak Begum or Sudha Malhotra or Madhubala Zaveri are relatively few in numbers. So is the case with his duets with other male co-singers. In some of cases like, Rajkumari, Surinder Kaur, Sulochana Kadam, Meena Kapoor, Nirmala Devi or Amirbai Karanataki the song was only one of its kind.  Talat Mahmood’s duets with other male singers also range from very popular to quite obscure songs. His presence in Triads / Triads + songs also remains noteworthy.

(L to R) Meena Kapoor- Geetadutt- Talat Mahmood-VanShipley

For the present episode we will focus on Talat Mahmood’s duets with co-singers who can be considered as ‘rare’ combinations.

Purwai Pawan Laharaye – Tum Aur Main (1947) – with Syperwa Sarkar – Robin Chaterjee – Zakir Hussain

One can find Talat Mahmood – Superwa Sarkar duets in a couple of more films, till 1949. The music directors of these films are from Bengal. Was this the hangover effect of Talat Mahmood’s Calcutta days?

Dil Mera Tera Diwana – Apni Izzat (1952) – with Madhubala Zaveri – Hansraj Bah – Pt. Phani,

Madhubala Zaveri has around 110 songs, spread over a span of 1951 to 1958, in 55 Hindilms plus 27 Marathi and 3 Gujarati films. Incidentally, her debut song – Tum Kaun Ho Rajkumari Ye Chanda Sa Mukhda Idhar To Karo (Rajput, 1951) in Hindi films was under the baton of Hansraj Behl, a duet with Talat Mahmood. She was just 16 years old at that time.

Ghir Ghir Aaye Badarwa Kaare – Daak Babu (1954) – with Mubarak Begum – Dhaniram – Prem Dhawan

Talat Mahmood – Mubark Begum Duets is a good study in the very contrasting qualities of voice.  Though not ‘many’ in numbers, there are a few very evergreen songs to the credit of this duo, but that is perhaps a subject of an independent post in the future.

BTW, the song would have been portrayed on screen by Talat Mahmood himself as well.

We find two versions of the song on YT. This one has Mubarak Begum accompanying Talat Mahmood.

And this version has Talat Mahmood almost in solo mode.

Jab Yahaan Se Jaaunga Main Aur Kya Le jaaunga – Hatimtai Ki Beti (1955) – with S. Balbir – A R Quereshi – Shewan Rizvi

Talat Mahmood does not have many really joyous boisterous songs to his credit. But, whichever few such songs one gets to listen, he does not dissatisfy his fans.

Ek Bar To Mil Lo Gale Bichchad Hum Chale, Na Koi Fariyad Rahe – Andheri Nagri Chopat Raja (1955) – with Sudha Malhotra – Avinash Vyas – Bharat Vyas

Sudha Malhotra is one of many playback singer stars who got overshadowed by the full-moon glory of Lata Mangeshkar sisters.

Main Hun Alibaba – Char Chand – with Asha Premlata – (Shaukat Dehlvi) Nashaad – A Karim

We find one more of a light-toned, dance song, which may not be very difficult to recall by the core Talat Mahmood fans- even if they do not recollect who his co-singer was.

Tum Pe Quaraban Dil Tum Pe Sadake Nazar – Sakhi Lutera (1959) – with Usha Balsavar – B N Bali – Aziz Ghazi

The ‘rare’ co-singer, ‘rare’ music director, an obscure forgotten film and light-hearted tune would possibly make up an ideal recipe for the delicious dish to get deep into the recesses of the memory.

Mere Shareek-E-Sahar – Wali-E-Azam (1965) – with Hemlata – Chitragupta – Ahmed Wasi

Several indications mention this as possibly the last film song that Talat Mahmood recorded.  It seems that the shoe-string budget of the film has landed the music director and the co-singer with Talat Mahmood’s the then recently found popularity with ‘Jahanara’.

An interesting aside:

The official Talat Mahmood site has a handwritten note which Talat Mahmood had written down on a letterhead of Chitragupta at the time of recording the song.

No article on Talat Mahmood would be complete without mention of his Non-Fim Songs.

Wo Jo Roothhen To Manaana Chaahiye   – NFS(1969) – with Mukesh – Murli Manohar Swaroop  -Jigar Muradabadi/ Mirza Ghalib,

Talat Mahmood and Mukesh have collaborated in several triads / triads + songs in films like Pagle, Biwi Aur Makan, Love and God etc. However, we find their duets only in the NFS domain.

The wholly Talat Mahmood devoted site – talatamahmood.net – has mentioned a few more duets of Talat Mahmood that we would have loved to cover in this episode. Unfortunately, I have not been able to find a soft to link audio link of these songs:

  • Ab Mushkil Ha Phir Se Milana Bhul Jao To Achha Hai – Saaya – with Ashima Banerjee – Ram Ganguli – Verma Malik
  • Auron Ke Liye – Taxi 555 – with an unidentified female singer – Sardar Malik

Talat Mahmood and Mohammad Rafi have several duets – and most of them very popular then and remembered now. So their duets cannot really be listed under ‘rare’ tag. But every rule has an exception. And we have one here, a Talat – Rafi duet, which is relatively less remembered, that helps us to comply with out other tradition of end our episodes with a Mohammad Rafi Song.

Bhar De Jholi Allah Naam – Laila Majnu (1953) – Mohammad Rafi – Ghulam Mohammad – Shakeel Badayuni

The song perhaps epitomizes two distinct phases of Shammi Kapoor’s career. His pre-Tumsa Nahin Dekha phase hadTalat Mahmood was his default playback singer. Here,  the initial part of the songs, mostly by the fakirs on the screen is in the voice of Mohammad Rafi.  When Shammi Kapoor gets to sing the second interlude, it is Talat Mahmood who takes over @ Jaan-e-tamanna jalwa Dikha De…

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Advertisements

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: January, 2018

Jaidev: Brilliant, But Underrated, Composer: Journey from 1955 to 1963

Jaidev (a.k.a.  Jaidev Varma; B: 3 August 1919 – D : 6 January 1987) one hand is the only music director of Hindi Films to have been awarded three national awards and on the other hand the fate, machinations and his propensity for blending classical and folk music into his tunes getting him branded as “too arty” eluded the commercial success. In his entire career, he may not have scored songs for more that 30-40 films (around 100 songs), but he does remain enshrined in the very fond deeper recesses of connoisseur Hind Film fans.  His one of the greatest songs, Raat Bhi Hai Bheegi Bheegi”’s  Sahir’s lyrics probably very easily sits as an apt metaphor:

“Tapte dil par yoon girti hai
teri nazar se pyaar ki shbanam
teri nazar se pyaar ki shbanam
jalte huye junglel par jaise
jalte huye jungle par jaise
barkhaa barse ruk-ruk tham-tham
barkhaa barase ruk-ruk tham-tham”

(Your gaze falls on my red-hot heart like drops of dew just as the halting rains fall over jungle fire…)

Use of harmonium, clarinet and tabla in the song very loudly underscores his brilliance par excellence. In fact, in his first ever exposure to Hind film music world, as an assistant to Sarod Maestro Ali Akbar Khan in Chetan Anand directed Aandhiyaan (1952), he gets a special mention for playing surmandal in the background music.

Probably his musical brilliance and lack of motivation and skills to commercially market it consigned him to such other underrated stars as Sajjad Hussain or Madan Mohan.

We have remembered here songs for his first film as an independent director to probably his last commercially successful film in this first stage of refreshing our memories of the songs that epitomize his sheer brilliance.

Joru Ka Bhai (1955)

Kabhi Bhula ke Kabhi Yaad Aake Pooch Liya, Ye Kya Kiya Mujhe Apna Bana Ke Loot Lliya – Kishore Kumar, Balbir, Shamshad Begum and chorus – Lyrics: Vishwamitra AdilThis was the only film wherein Jaidev has used Kishore Kumar as well as Shmashad Begum.

There appears to be another version of the song as well:

Shamshad Begam, Kishore Kumar and chorus. –

Naina Kahe Ko Lagaye.. Hum Sang Naina Kahe Ko Lagaye – Asha Bhosle – Lyrics: Vishwamitra Adil

Jaidev has used Asha Bhosle for some of the equally outstanding songs as his songs of Lata Mangeshkar. THowever, not many of his Asha Bhosle songs did not attain as much success as those of Lata Mangeshkar. For example: The twin song penned by Sahir Ludhyanvi– Subah Ka Intezar Kaun Kare in Lata Mangeshakr’s voice and Teri Zulfon Se Pyar Kaun Kare in Talat Mahmood’s voice

Samundari Daku (1956)

Dil Jawaan Hai Aaarzoo Jawaan, Ek Nazar Idhar Bhi Meharbaan, Kab Talak Ye Hamse Berukhi, Kab Talak Rahegi Chup Jubaan – Talat Mahmood, Asha Bhosle – Lyrics Vishwamitra Adil

This is one of Jaidev’s very rare compositions based on western style tune. Talat Mahmood has been known for singing romantic songs of melancholic mood He has been as effective in this happy romantic song too.

Talat Mahmood has rendered this song as a solo version too.

Sama Pyaara Hai….Din Hain Bade Kaam Ke, Aana Aise Mein Dil Ko Zara Thhaam Ke -Asha Bhosle, S Balbir –  Lyrics-Vishwamitra Adil

Here is the song that is based on some Punjhabi folk rhythm.

Anjali (1957)

Kunj Kunj Gunjan Bhanware Ka. . . Buddham Sharnam Gachchhaami – Mohammed Rafi- Lyrics:– Nyay Sharma

Jaidev has very creatively used Lata Mageshkar in the aalaap at the beginning of the song.  The song then follows the Sinhalese original version with all subtle variations in the way song is delivered at different layers.

Aside:

The song that would probably come to our memory first would be Anil Biswas Meena Kapoor – Manna Dey composition from Angulimal(1960) : Buddham Saranam Gachhami , when we first see the key lyrics Budhdam….

[N.B.: By any means, I have not presented this song for any sort of comparison between the two songs or any music aspects thereof.]

Lo Chori Pakdi Gayee – Asha Bhosle, Sudha Malhotra, Usha Mangshkar, Meena Mangeshkar – Lyrics: Nyay Sharma

As simple tune and orchestration as the one here has a variation in the beginning of each antara. Nonetheless, the earthen sweetness befitting the situations – four friends going about their domestic chores – of the tune remains intact.

Raat Ke Raahi (1959)

Two out of five songs have been composed by Jaidev. The other three were composed by Bipin Babul.

Pau Baarah Pau Baarah Pyaar Mein Pau Baarah – Asha Bhosle – Lyrics: Vishwamitra Adil

Commensurate with meanings of the lyrics,the song manifests the energetic tempo and mood.

Hum Dono (1961)

Perhaps, commercially the most successful film in so far as popularity and critics acclaim for Jaidev’s musical score. However, he was on some meagre payroll of Naketan when he had composed the songs.  The commercial success of the songs too came up as big roadblock to Jaidev’s career graph. It is said that, for Navketan’s next film he already had composed two songs, but the inner wheels so moved that he was summarily shown the gates, forever.

Prabhu Tero Naam,Jjo Dhyaaye Phal Paaye, Sukh Daaye Tero Naam – Lata Mangeshkar – Lyrics: Sahir Ludhyanvi

For various reasons, the other bhajan “Allah Tero Naam, Ishwar Tero Naam’ has been  the more heard one of the two.

Kinare Kinare (1963)

The film had 11 songs of which only 5 or 6 were retained on the final editing table, and this 11th song is just out of the box:

O Mast Nazar Tu Chaahe Agar – Vinod Desai -Lyrics: Nyay Sharma

And the two songs from the other 10 gems:

Chale Ja Rahe Hain Mohabbat Ke  Maare Kinare Kinare – Manna Dey – Lyrics: Nyay Sharma

This song has been considered to be one of the greatest solo song of Manna Dey.

Teri Tasvir Bhi Tujh Jaisi Hasi Hai Lekin, Is Pe Kurban Meri Jan-e-Hazin Hai Lekin,, Ye Meri Jakhm-e-Umango Ka Madaawa No Nahi – Mohammad Rafi – Lyrics: Nyay Sharma

A complicated poetry that Jaidev has so subtly translated into a soft song.

Mujhe Jeene Do (1963)

A film from a big banner production house (Sunil Dutt’s Ajanta Arts) that did very well on the ticket window collections, The songs also got all round acceptances. However, this time the success again was not destined to boost Jaidev’s career graph – Something that transpired between the two resulted into break up with Sahir Ludhyanvi, with whom every association of Jaidev had resulted into highly successful outcomes.

Maang Mein Bhar Le Rang Sakhi ri Aanchal Bhar Le Tare Milan Ritu Aa Gayi  Asha Bhonsle,- Lyrics:Sahir Ludhianvi

Jaidev has used Asha Bhosle, as well as Lata Mangeshkar, for widely varying mood songs in Mujhe Jeene Do

Mohe Na Yoon Ghoor Ghoor Kar Dekho Najar Lag Jaayegi – Lata Mangeshkar – Lyrics: Sahir Ludhianvi

Lata very lightly renders this thoomari-style folk –toned song. The song seems have been truncated out in the film.

Here is the full song in the audio mode:

Jaidev’s brilliance was not totally missed hereafter, even if commercial success never peaked to this level. But, probably that was what destiny had chalked out for him, as composed by him in Sahir’s words:

Kaun Rotaa Hai Kisi Aur Ki Khaatir Aye Dost,

Sabko Apni Hi Kisi Baat Pe Ronaa Aayaa

[No one weeps for someone else, my friend. Everyone does weep for his own tales only.]

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Mohammad Rafi’s Solo Song From The FIRST Film With The Music Director: 1952-1953

We have taken up to celebrate Mohammad Rafi’s anniversaries by publishing a series of articles that enlist the solo song of Mohammad Rafi with the music director for the first time in any film. The first 5-year slot of 1944 to 1948 was covered in Part I and Part II in December, 2016. We have covered 1949  and 1950-1951 of the 2nd five-year-slot of 1949 to 1953.

Presently we will take up years 1952 and 1953 of this 1949-1953 period..

 [For the sake for structured documentation, I will be following the alphabetical sequence of Film names in the post.]

1952

Year 1952 had 80 songs to Mohammad Rafi’s account, of which 32 songs were solos.  Naushad gave a slew of Rafi hits in Aan and Baiju Bawra. For Deewana, Naushad had one of Rafi’s immortal Tasweer Banata Hun Teri Khoon-e-Jigar Se.Ghulam Mohammad had had Rafi in films like Ajeeb Ladki, Amber and Sheesha, C Ramchandra in  Saaqui and Maadn Mohan had him in Anjaam. Chitragupt had Rafi songs in a religious film, Bhakta Puran and a Sinbad series film, Sindbad The Sailor. Rafi gets repeat preference by several other music directors too.

O Moorakh Insaan Apne Ko Pehchan – Annadata  – Mohammad Safi – Anjum Jaipuri

Mohammed Safi was an excellent Sitar player and music arranger. He has provided music independently in about 14 films and was a key assistant to Naushad.

Kit Jaoge  Ghanshyam Murari Jaane Na Doonga – Mordhwaj – Narayan Dutt – Bharat Vyas

The most striking feature of the song is so complex orchestration in support of the song as well as for the interludes.

We find second part of the song on YT.

1953

The last year of the 2nd Five-year period of Mohammad Rafi’s career is quite rich in terms of the ‘first film wherein Rafi had a solo song with the music director’ as well as the films with the music directors who seem to have started giving Mohammad Rafi as lead male playback singer. If we have to select one Mohammad Rafi song from this year that has stood up the tests of time that would easily be Madan Mohan’s composition – Ye Duniya Pagalo Ka Bazaar. For the purpose of records, we note that the year had 31 solos songs of Mohammad Rafi out of a total of 71 songs.

Asides:

This should go on records as the only year where Mohammad Rafi has played back in the films which had the three Kapoor brothers.

Ghata Mein Chup Kar..Jo Dil Ki Baat Hoti Hai – Baaz – O P Nayyar – Majrooh Sultanpuri

O P Nayyar gets to toe in the narrow space through this Guru Dutt film which went on create a crescendo in the years to come. Guru Dutt also comes up in this directorial venture for the first time as a n actor too. The present song is cast in quawalli style. Interestingly, OPN has chosen Talat Mahmood for Mujhe Dekho Hasrat Ki Tasveer Hun Main

Koi Ameer Hai Koi Gareeb Hai – Dana Pani – Madan Junior – Kaif Irfani

The film credit has Shashi Kapoor to as one of the actors, who would have been 14 then.

Ajab Tori Duniya Ho More Rama – Do Bigha Jameen – Salil Chowdhury – Shailendra

Here is the song that can be said to be one more defining step in Mohammad Rafi’s career.

Jal Jal Ke Shama Ki Tarah Fariyad – Fariyadi – Baldev Nath Baali –  Muzaffar Orakhzai

The song is cast in what we know as Mohammad Rafi’s signature style for the songs of sad mood.

Mohabbat Aur Wafa Ki….Chanda Ka Dil Toot Gaya Hai Roney Lage Hai Sitaare – Khoj – Nissar Bazmi – Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

The film has Shammi Kapoor in the lead role. It is said that Mohammad Rafi had charged only Rs. 1.00 to sing this Nissar Bazmi song.

Sulag Rahi Hein Husn Ki Sigdi Aaja Pakaye Prem Ki Khichadi – Madmast – V Balsara – Madhukar Rajasthani

Deft use of mandolin in the prelude and interlude has the distinct imprint of V Balsara. It seems Rafi was mandated to deliver this light-toned song with a dead-pan expression.

Chudiyan Lelo Gori, Pehan Le Chudi – Paapi – S Mohinder – Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

The record-worthy feature of the film is that this is the only film wherein Raj Kapoor was seen in a double role. And of course, we can count one more film where Rafi has playedback for Raj Kapoor.The film had another solo too – Tera Kaam Hai Jalna O Parawane – which had gained immense popularity.

Naram Naram Yeh Garam Garam  Yeh Chane Gagan Ke Tare – Rangeela – Jamal Sen – S H Bihari

We have picked up this song over two other solos – Nadaan Na Ban E Matwale..Kuchh Haath Nahin and Sun Sun Meri Kahani Mushkil Hai Jaan Bachani – because it is similar genre as that of the earlier song. That genre is small-tradespersons-selling-their-wares-by-singing-on-the-streets songs.

To conclude the statistics the music directors with whom Mohammad Rafi sang his first solo song for the 2nd Five-Year-period of Mohammad Rafi’s career, we have had 10 films in 1949,  5 each in 1950 and 1951, 2 in 1952 and 8 films in 1953.

At this stage, Rafi has had established fairly wide base of association with music directors – of the vintage as well as golden era. Also, now more and more of his songs with repeat-music directors are getting high popularity. That sets a very interesting tone for the next 5-Year period.

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: December, 2017

Mohammad Rafi’s Solo Song From The FIRST Film With The Music Director: 1950-1951

To commemorate Mohammad Rafi’s anniversaries, we commenced a series of articles on Mohammad Rafi that essentially tried to bring the solo song of Mohammad Rafi with the music director.  We had planned to take up one five-year slot in a chronological order to bring all the first films in which Mohammad Rafi had had a solo song with a music director. The first slot of 1944 to 1948 was covered in Part I and Part II in December, 2016. We have covered the year 1949 of the 2nd five-year-slot of 1949 to 1953.

Presently we will take up years 1950 and 1951 of this 1949-1953 period..

 [For the sake for structured documentation, I will be following the alphabetical sequence of Film names in the post.]

1950

Mohammad Rafi had had 29 solos out of 108 songs in 1950. Of the prominent music directors who had now frequenting Rafi more, Hans Raj Behl had 3 Hindi and Punjabi films with Rafi, Husnlal Bhagatram had 5 films and Naushad had 1, which had Mukesh as lead singer. I find only Akele Mein Wo Gabarate To Honge as the only song that is most recognizable solo.

Hum Ishq Mein Barabad Hai – Aankhen – Madan Mohan – Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

Madan Mohan and Mohammad Rafi’s work together which was to open up a class of its own opens the account. The song is filmed on Shekhar.

Saahil Jo Dubo De Kashti Ko.. Saahil Ki Tamanna Kaun Kare – Baawra – Krishna Dayal – Amar N Khanna

Incidentally, this is one of those songs that Mohammad Rafi has lip-synched for Raj Kapoor.

Jalte Deep Bujh Gaye Chha Gaya Andhera – Jalte Deep – Shardul Kwatra + T K Das – M A Taaj

Here is a song that is pleasant to listen to even though cast in sad mood.

Zamana Jo Aankhe Dikhata Hai Zamana Ko Aankhen Dikhata Chale Chal– Man Ka Meet – Shardul Kwatra – Sarshar Shailani

This song is credited to Shardul Kwatra solely, hence taken up in our present list.

Dekho Dekho Paanv Mein Pahen Ke Paayaliya – Janmashtami – Shyam Babu Pathak – Bharat Vyas

The lyrics do seem playful enough, but difficult to guess how the songs would have been filmed.

Naari Tere Jeevan Ki Ye Karun Kahani – Veer Babruwahan – Chitragupt – Anjum Jaipuri

After a few attempts we get a maiden Chitragupt – Rafi solo combination in this song. Apparently there is not much that would make the song to remember for, except that it is to open one more very fruitful partnership in the years to come.

We end the year with 5 music directors who had had a first solo song recorded for Mohammad Rafi.

1951

Year 1951 has 26 solos from a total of 72 Mohammad Rafi songs. The year had Naushad switching over to Mohammad Rafi for background voice of Dilip Kumar and we have some of the top Mohammad Rafi songs in Deedar. Husnlala Bhagatram also has a twin solo for Mohammad Rafi in Afasana – Duniya Ek Kahani Re Bhaiya – which also was quite popular. Shankar Jaikishan has used Mohammad Rafi for special songs in RK’s Aawara, which is also going to be a very notable trend initself.

Dhanwano Ki Dhan Nagari Ki Sun Lo Ek Kahani – Dashavtar – Avinash Vyas – Sagar Hussain

Avinash Vyas was to use Rafi very selectively in his Hindi and Gujarati film music.

Hey Shankar Hey Pralayankar Rakho Mohe Apni Sharan – Hanuman Patal Vijay – S N Tripathi – B D Mishra

S N Tripathi went onto create a few all-time great of Rafi songs, of which most easily remembered are ghazals of Lal Quila or Ye Hai Janam Janam Ke Phere or a Binaca chartbuster Jara Samane To Aao Chhaliye.or Hatimtai’s Parvar Digar-e-Alam.

Suraj Ghoome Chand Ghoome Ghoome Gagan Sara– Ishwar Bhakti – Sonic – Girdhar – Pt. Narendra Sharma – Trilok Kapoor

1951 seems to be the year of Bhakti Sangeet as far Mohammad Rafi is concerned! Mohammad Rafi was known to deliver his best even for new music directors even when he was at his peak.

Kisiko Iska Pata Ho Na Ho – Jauhri – Pt. Harbans Lal – Tajnath Zaar

For a change, we have a very light song too,

The song has a very interesting second version too:

Poochhiye Na Haal Jee, Palle Nahin Maal Ji – Mukhda – Vinod – Azeez Kashmiri

This is first opportunity when Vinod has been able to use Rafi in a solo (with chorus support) song, that too in a very light situation so tellingly.

Year 1951 also has 5 music directors who scored first solo with Mohammad Rafi. The year, on the whole, seems to be the game turner in the career path of Mohammad Rafi..

We will take up last two years of 2nd Five-Year period of 1949-1953 in the next installment.

We will continue our search for Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: November, 2017

Salil Chowdhury’s Hindi Film Songs in Other Languages

Salil Chowdhury (b: 19 November 1922; d: 5 September 1995) was as multifaceted as was talented.

We know the gems he has created as a music director. But he was a poet and playwright too. He has composed many of his Bengali poems as NFS Bengali songs. Songs like Gnaayer bodhu, which he composed at the age of 20, brought about a new wave of Bengali music. Almost every notable singer of that time from West Bengal had sung at least one of his songs. That he wrote story for Do Bigha Zameen, based on his short story Rickshawalla is now a well-known detail of his writing abilities trivia.

His interest in music made his cast his net wide from Western classics like Mozart to folk songs of Europe to folk songs of East India to enable him to innovate a d experiment. For example, his Dil Tadap Tadap Ke Kah Raha Hai (Madhumati 1958) does seem to have a very strong influence of  a150+ years old Silesian (South-Western) Polish folk song Szla dzieweczka do laseczka ( The girl was walking to the forest)

He was one of the music directors of the school who would  so much accord high priority to the music that they would they were insistent upon setting the music first and then set the lyrics of the song to it. Salil Chowdhury was an excellent arranger who was proficient in several musical instruments, including flute, the piano, and the esraj.

We may know that he has composed music for over 75 Hindi and over 40 Bengali films. Many of us may further know that he composed songs for around 27 Malayalam films. And of course, some of us may also know that he did compose music for even Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Oriya, Assamese, a Marathi and Gujarati film as well.

In this tribute post to Salil Chowdhury we have chosen to bring on one page his Hindi songs that have been transposed to other languages. Such songs are so very large number that they would need several posts to cover them all. So we have chosen here the Hindi songs that have receded from our memory such that we get at least one song form each of the languages he composed songs.

(Note of credit for the core information for this post: I have sourced the other language song version-links as well description about these other language songs from the one the most complete online data base of Salil Chowdury’s work, World of Salil Chowdhury. Gautam Choudhury has so painstakingly and lovingly built up the entire collection. Gautam Choudhury himself has recorded several instrumental albums on which he plays harmonica, recorded tribute albums to Salil Chowdhury’s legacy:

So here is our tribute to Salil Chowdhury:

One of many Hindi to-from Bengali songs:

Dil Mera….Na Jaane Re Naa Jaane Re Biraj Bahu (1954) – Shamshad Begum – Lyrics: Prem Dhawan

Gayatri Basu’s “Naa Jaani re” in Bengali ‘Aaj Sandhaay’ (1954) is as haunting and appealing as Shamsaad Begum’s rendering.

(Bengali-)Hindi – Malayamam connection

Dhitang Dhitang Bolay, Dil Tere Liye Dolay – Awaz (1956) – Lata Mangeshkar – Lyrics: Prem Dhawan

The Malayalam version is “Thaiyam Thaiyam” (Neelaponman (1975) a duet by P.Susheela and P.Jayachandran.

The source for both these is a 1954 Hemant Kumar’s NFS – a Salil classic – “Dhitang Dhitang Bole” with a totally new arrangement

(Bengali-)Hindi – Telugu connection

Kai Baar Yoon Bhi Dekha Hai Ye Man Ki Jo Seema Rekha Hai – Rajanigandha (1974) – Mukesh – Lyrics: Yogesh

This one had quite a contemporary Telugu version – Nayanalu Kalise Toli Saari  – a duet by P.Susheela and S.P.Balasubramaniam in Chairman Chalamayya (1974).

It had three Bengali versions as well:

Hindi –Tamil connection

Ay Mere Dil Gaa Pyaar Ki Dhun ParDil Kaa Saathi Dil (1982) – S Janaki, Chorus –  Lyrics: Manohar

This film is Hindi dubbed version of Malayalam film, which had become so popular that its Tamil and Telugu versions were also dubbed.

The Tamil version of in this film-dubbing chain was Paruvamazhai (1978) which had the equivalent of the above song Thenmalar Kannikal which is also in S Janaki’s voice.

Here are the Malayalam and Telugu versions as well.

If this was not enough, out of nowhere appears another ‘unknown’ film called Mera Damaad (release date 1995) with another Hindi version of this song. Gautam Choudhury writes: Sometimes I think Salil just lost the track (no pun intended) of his version table! –  Jhir Jhir Barse Aaj Gagan Se – Anuradha Paudwal, Sabita Chowdhury, Amit Kumar and Shailendra Singh

It seems the root source is a 1977 Usha Mangeshakr NFS, O phooler dal, in Bengali.

(Bengali-)Hindi – Kannada Connection

Naam Mera Nimmo Muqaam Ludhiyaana – Sapan Suhaane (1961) – Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Day, Dwijen Mukherji – Lyrics: Shailendra

A very fast-paced song wherein male leads Manna Dey and Dwijen Mukherjee aby support Lata Mangeshkar who so ably does the justice to the tempo and the mood of the song.

It appears that opportunity to re-use this tune came up when Kannada film had a situation for a cabaret dance.  The case in point is:  Dooradinda Bandhantha for film Samasayaphala (1971) by L R Eswari . The song has undergone changes in all spheres except the basic structure of the tune. Guatam Choudhury notes that a regular column writer on Kannada film songs, Sridhar Rajanna writes that:  “Dooradinda bandanta sundaraanga jANa” ….is the best cabaret ever, sung by LR Eswari, has excellent rock and roll style guitar music. It is still popular in orchestras and is frequently played on A-I-R.

At the back of the tune must be some Bengal folk tune. So a Bengali version probably was called for to record the nuances of the original tune. The result is Sabita Chowdhury’s NFS of 1963 – Jhilmil jhauer boney.

(Bengali-)Hindi – Oriya Connection

Salil Chowdhury has composed music for only one Oriya film – Batasi Jhada (1981). The film had a Sabita Chowdhury song Rimjhimi Nishaa Bharaaye Raakhi.

Bengali film Antarghaat (1980) has a chronologically earlier version – Jaanina jaanina  – in Asha Bhosle’s voice.

Its Hindi version came up in an obscure 1989 film Aakhari Badla. The song was Jaane Kaisaa Jaadoo Ye Chal Gayaa. This version was too in Asha Bhosle’s voice. Its video clip shows that it is a cabaret-type dance number. That leads us to believe that Bengali and Oriya versions would have been filmed for similar situations.

(Bengali-)Hindi – Marathi Connection

The only Marathi film that Salil Chowdhury did was Sunbai (1982), produced by Hridaynath Mangeshkar.  Guautam Choudhaury writes: Lata wanted to sing her favourite song once again in Marathi. She finally got to sing the same song three times in as many languages! I must say that the Marathi version ‘Preet Khule Maanjhi Soneri’ is equally beautiful.

The original Bengali song, recorded in 1961 – ‘Saat Bhaai Champaa Jaago Re’ is a classic and every Bengali knows it.  This song seems to have been based on a Sihalese folk tune.

It’s slow hindi version in Mere Bhaiyaa “Pyaas Liye Manwaa” is also wonderful and also sung by Lata.

Assamese Connection

Salil Chaowdhury has done two Assamese films – Aparajeyo in 1970 and Manas Kanya in 1985. Gautam Chowdhury has not mentioned any Hindi connection to the songs of these films.

Gujarati Connection

Salil Chowdhury’s only Guajarati film was Ghar Sansar (1978).

This film had a Guajarati folk tune based Prafull Dave song – Ho Halo Re Hansa- penned by a noted Gujarati poet Venibhai Purohit.

This song has only Bengali version in a 1980 film ‘Parabesh’ – O Ghoomer Moyna Paakhi by Asha Bhosle

and a Malayalam version in a 1975 film ‘Ragam’- Omanathinkal by P. Susheela .

We will end our post with a couple of Salil Chowdhaury’s Mohammad Rafi’s songs in other languages.

Zindagi Hai Kya Sum Meri Jaan  Pyar Bhar Dil Meethi Juban – Maaya (1961) – Lyrics: Majrooh Sultanpuri

It is said that this song is based on the theme of Charlie Chaplin’s very wellknown film Lime Light.

Salil Chowdhury had recorded a Bengali NFS – Jhar Jhar More – in the then Bengali and Hindi film hero Biswajeet. Biswajeet had made his Hindi Film debut with Bees Saal Baad.

Like his other contemporary Bengali music director S D Burman, Salil Chowdhury also had an inherent dislike for Mohammad Rafi’s natural Punjabi loudness as against a Bengali voice’s ‘tenderness’. SDB had had to use Rafi for a good many of songs from Pyasa (1957) till Aradhana (1969). In contrast, Salil Chowdhury seems to have used Rafi only when he had to. Dil Tadape Tadapaye, Unke Milan Ko Rarase Woh To Na Aaye (Poonam Ki Raat (1965) – Lyrics: Shailendra) is said to be one such case.

Salil Chaudhury had recorded this song in Bengali by Shyamal Mitra

and by Debabrat Biswas.

I personally feel that each of the singers has done justice to the delivery of the song in his own style.

We will continue our search for Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: October, 2017

Shakila in Mohammad Rafi songs

Shakila [Born: Badshah Begum – January 1, 1935] the gorgeous, beautiful, and equally talented star of ‘50/’60s, would have attained long-cherished love of Hindi Film fans only for her performance in melodious numbers like Babuji Dheere Chalna, Neend Na Mujhko Aaye and Ae Mere Dil-e-Nadaan. Most of the public media carried fond obituary on her passing away on 20th September, 2017.

In a fairly long career, Shakila acted in over 50 films and had had acted with several top notch actors like Chandrashekhar, Shammi Kapoor, Guru Dutt, Manoj Kumar, Raj Kapoor, Dev Anand, Sunil Dutt, Pradeep Kumar, Jairaj, Vijay Anand, Ajit and last but not the least, her most favorite co-artist/brother-in-law, Johnny Walker!

We dedicate our present episode to Shakila by bringing in her memories through Mohammad Rafi songs, in which she herself acted or is the focus of the song.

We have consciously avoided some songs, like Tum Poochhati Ho Ishq Bhala or Deewana Kahe Ke Aaj Mujhe Phir Pukariye or Sau Baar Janam Lengay or Zumati Hai Nazar Zumata Hai Pyar and the like, that remain very popular as much popular as the female songs filmed directly on her.

Here are some of the representative songs for the day:

Aye Saba Unse Kah Jara – Alibaba And 40 Chor (1954) –  With Asha Bhosle  – S N Tripathi, Chitragupt  – Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

The co-star with Shakila is Mahipal. Rafi and Asha Bhosle are at their usual romantic, carefree best. S N Tripathi (and Chitragupt) have also fully blossomed up to demands of the situation of the song.

Jab Rup Hi Pyasa Hokar Yu, Chhup Chhup Ke Pani Peeyega , To Rup Ka Pyasa Jo Hoga , Wo Phir Kya Peekar Phir Jeeyega – Ratna Manjari (1955) – S N Tripathi – B D Mishra

Many commentators of that period have wondered about the motivation of Shakila to opt for the mythological type, normally dubbed as B or C class films, after the roaring success of Aar Paar. It was probably this choice that took Shakila’s career into an altogether a different orbit.

Janewale O Janewale, Janewale Khuda Ki Rahmato Ka Tujh Pe Saya – Haatimtaai (1956) – with Suman Kalyanpur – S N Tripathi – Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

S N Tripathi had composed some wonderful tunes for seemingly obscure films. Hatimtaai was one such instance.

Duniya Ki Nazar Hai Buri Jhulfein Na Sanwara Karo – Agra Road (1957) – With Geeta Dutt – Roshan – Prem Dhawan

Shakila looks so stunningly beautiful that all that is said in the song about her seems to have been inspired indeed by her looks.

Ek Dil Hamare Pas Hai Nilam Karega, Fir Apne Ghar Me Baith Ke Aram Karega – Chaubees Ghante (1958) – With Asha Bhosle – Bipin Babul – Raja Mahendi Ali Khan

Rafi sounds typically Johnny-Walker-ish style in the delivery of the song. However, we have only audio of the song, so no way to know who had acted Mohammad Rafi’s playback on the film.

Qadam Qadam Pe Bahaare Lutata , Ye Kaun Aayaa Hai Aanchal Udata – Madam X.Y.Z. (1959) – With Lata Mangeshkar – Chitragupt – Prem Dhawan

One more obscure film, and one more obscure song – however music director and lyricists are well known name. Chitragupt probably still had not made his mark till then.

O Kali Topi Wale Zara Naam To Bataa -Kali Topi Lal Rumal (1959) – With Asha Bhosle – Chitragupt – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Much unlike Chitragupt tune! The tune, delivery by both Mohammad Rafi and Asha Bhosle and that wonderful use of harmonica has made the song being instantly likable and capable of being etched into the memory. Shakila also looks stunningly beautiful.

Aji Ab Kehna Maan Jao Tum Hi Bade Main Chhoti – Baraat (1960) – With Geeta Dutt –- Chitragupt – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Chitragupt had profusely used, and that too to a very telling effect, Geeta Dutt in mid50s, before he switched over to Lata Mangeshkar during 60s.  He is credited with highest number of Rafi-Geeta Dutt duets. The song does seem to a shadow parody of Ye Lo Main Haari Piya (Aar Paar) and Achcha Jee Main Haari Chalo Maan Jaao (Kaala Paani).

Zalim Kahna Man Re Chaki Chal Ne Khakar Pan, Qatal Hum Ho Gaye Nainawali Tera Kya Gaya –  Baraat (1960) –  With Geeta Dutt

I am not able resist temptation of putting up one more song from the same film. But this a bhangra song, composed wholly and truly by Chitragupt. And Shakila looks really so beautiful that many youngsters would feel Qatal Hum Ho Gaye, then and even now.

Jab Ghadi Bole Char Gori Karake Singaar Chali Aana Us Paar – Gambler (1960) – With Suman Kalyanpur – Chitragupt – Prem Dhawan

We have one more of a very unlike-Chitragupt light song. Suman Kalyanpur pairing with Rafi this time….

Yeh Rang Na Chhutega Ulfat Ki Nishani Hai – With Asha Bhosle – China Town (1962) – Ravi – Majrooh Sultanpuri

Surprisingly, for many the song falls under the category of ‘not heard before’. The tune is so unlike Ravi, perhaps nearer to N Datta’s style, probably the effect for their association together as assistants to Hemant Kumar !

Hasino Se To Bas Sahab Salaam Door Se Achchi Na Inki Dosti Acchi Na Inki Dushmani Acchi  – Ustaadon Ke Ustad (1963) – Ravi  – Asad Bhopali

We have one more unlikely song – a pure chhed chaad song, which Pradip Kumar seems to carry relatively easily. And even as the song is for a very mischievous mood, it is quite soft as a tune to our ears.

Tunak Tun Tun Bole Jiya  Mera Dil Kho Gaya Hai, Diwana Ho Gaya Hai -Khahin Pyar Na Ho Jaye (1963) – with Lata Mangeshkar – Kalayanji Anandji – Qamar Jalalabadi

This time we have a fastpaced, a bit loud, duet.

Sang Sang Rahenge Tumhaare Ji Huzoor – Mulzim (1963) – With Asha Bhosle – Ravi – Shakeel Badayuni

Ravi’s comfort with Mohammad Rafi is so clearly visible the way the song is composed.

Here is its sad version, a solo by Mohammad Rafi

We will continue our search for Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs : September, 2017

(Shankar-) Jaikishan and Hasrat Jaipuri’s Songs Fading From the Memory

Septmber happens to be the month of death anniversaries of Jaikishan [Jaikishan Dayabhai Panchal, 4 November 1929 – 12 September 1971] and Hasrat Jaipuri [Iqbal Hussain, April 15, 1922 – September 17, 1999].

Shankar Jaikishan and Shailendra- Hasrat Jaipuri are always spoken in one breath. However, it is said that Jaikishan would normally compose the song that Hasrat Jaipuri would write. There should be n-number of songs of this combination that were loved then, and are loved now too. That has germinated the idea for today’s post – let us bring back, from our Fading Memories, Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs that (Shankar) Jaikishan had composed.. I spanned 14 of SJ-composed films and some HJ-penned 67 songs, in the descending chronological order. Out of these, here are 15 (S)J-HJ songs for which I could not recollect the respective tune when I read the title of the song. Thus there is a personal, yet unintentional, bias in the selection of the songs.

Interestingly, we see a fair predominance of Lata Mangeshkar in this limited collection of 13 songs, covering the period from 1949 to 1953. That, in a way seems to reflect SJ’s marked inclination towards for Lata, among all other female playback singers of that time. It must, however, be recorded here that in comparison to total number of SJ-Lata songs in these 14 films, the numbers that appear is not of significant proportion.

The 14th song is our traditional end-of-the-post-song, a Mohammad Rafi Song. Incidentally, this was the only Rafi song of the 67 that I had ran through before hitting upon a (Shanker)Jaikishan-Hasrat- Rafi song, of course, not considering Main Zindagi Mein Hardam Rota Hi Raha Hun from Barsat.

Here are the songs for the day:

Prem Nagar Mein Basnewalon, Apni Jeet Par Hasnewalon – Barsat 1949 – Lata Mangeshkar

In the standard format of a Hindi song, technically this may not be called a song. However, creative directors like Raj Kapoor very often used the audiovisual effect of a song like recitation to tellingly convey the intent of a situation. Such a demand of the director would pose a great creative challenge to the lyricist and the music director. In this particular instance HJ and Jaikishan have lived up to the challenge. Use of silhouette shots by the cinematographer Jal Mistry adds to the surreal effect.

Khushi To Qaid Mein Hai…Rota Hai Mera Dil Kisko Pukarun Kya Karun – Badal (1951) – Lata Mangeshkar

The song starts on a high-note-prelude-couplet (Sakhi), which was to become one of the signature styles of SJ compositions. The song is filmed on a budding beuty – Madhubala.

Jiyennge Jab Tak Talak Hum Unki Yaad Aayegi…Maine Kya Kiya, Sitam  Ye Maine Kya Kiya – Kali Ghata (1951) – Lata Mangeshkar.

The song follows quite difficult composition, but the result is quite mellifluous.

Tumko Apni Zindagi Ka Aasra Samje The Ham… Dil Bequar Hai Mera Dil Bequarar Hai -Nagina (1951) – CH Atma

SJ have experimented with CH Atma’s voice as playback of Nazir Khan.

O Pyar Bhari In Aankhon Ne.. Aaja Tujhko Yaad Kiya – Parbat (1952) – Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Roy

SJ have not used Geeta Dutt as much others in the same period. However, this Lata-Geeta duet has picked up nuances of the vocal chords of both singers. Several pieces of orchestration manifest Jaikishan’s virtuosity of using different instruments quite imaginatively.

Ab To Aa Jao Balam..Furkat Ke Maare Ro Diye –Poonam (1952) – Lata Mangeshkar

Each stanza begins on high-scales with interlude orchestration using ensemble of violins. The song is filmed on Kamini Kaushal.

Apne Bimar-e-Gam Ko Dekh Le, Ho Sake To Aa Ke Dekh Le….Aaja Re Ab Mera Dil Pukara – Aah (1953) – Mukesh, Lata Mangeshkar

Here is a song which was quite popular then, and is now. The reason we have included in this post is the tellingly innovative use of the song in the narrative of the film. The original song is the manifestation of the condition of the loving couple who are getting separated by a queer turn of the circumstances – the hero going away on a long-drawn cure of what was considered near fatal TB to a faraway sanatorium.

The second version is set to a situation where the hero wants go back and meet his beloved, as promised, probably before his life comes to an inevitable end. The version begins from the stanza with which the first version had ended. Lata Mangeshkar joins in Alaap that signals the nearing reunion,

The film track has third version too – Janaaza Dekhne Mera Nikal Aaye…..Aaja Re Ab Mera Dil Pukara. Unfortunately we do not have its separate video clip.

Humko Chhedta Hai Dil,… Kaun Jaane Kya Hua, Tumne Baat Baat Meing Kya Jaadu Kar Diya – Aas (1953) – Lata Mangeshkar

Here is a happy mood song wherein rhythm-supporting bass has been used in the subdued manner. Note a short sweet opening prelude.

Aaj Ki Raat Kabhi Khatm  Na Hone Aaye…. Wo Aayenge Khushi Bankar, Baharein Saath Laayenge, Mere Ghar Mein Muhabbat Ke Nazaren Muskarayenge – Aurat (1953) – Lata Mangeshkar

For a change, we have a fast-paced song of a bubbling, happy mood.

Taaron Ko Dil Ki Baat Sunai Tamam Raat…Main Bahron Ki Natkhat Raani, Saari Duniya Mujh Pe Hai Diwani – Boot Polish (1953) – Asha Bhosle

The song has deployed a very rich orchestra for interlude, with sweet pieces of flute thrown in for support. Boot Polish must rank as one of those rare films wherein SJ have not used Lata in any song, solely on the merits of the demands of the film’s narrative! (Absence of Lata in films like Suraj or Mera Naam Joker was on account of very specific differences.)

The song is filmed on Chand Burke.

Hum Unke Paas Aate Hain Wo Ham Se Door Jaate Hain, Tadapkar Dastaan Apni Baharon Ko Sunate Hain – Naya Ghar (1953) – Talat Mahmood

SJ have used Talat Mahmood’s voice so naturally in all the songs where they came together, while retaining their musical style. We have here so sweet gem of Talat Mahmood that my heart pains to put under the omnibus category of Fading Memory songs.

Chamke Bijuriya Garje Megh Mat Ja Re Balam Pardesava – Shikast (1953) – Asha Bhosle, chorus)

SJ have used Asha Bhosle to so sweet effect in this song.

Jaage Mera Dil Soye Zamana – Badshah (1954) – Aparesh Lahiri

It appears to be very fitting to begin the end of this post with a song that is sung by a Bengali singer whose son made a big name in Hindi films in the 90s. The knowledgeable fans of Hindi Film Songs will have correctly guessed name of that 90s Lahiri – Bappi Lahiri.

Aparesh Lahiri and his wife Bansri Lahiri, of course, were famous Bengali singers and musicians in classical music. However, it must be to credit of SJ to have experimented to use Aparesh’s voice here.

Asides:

  1. SJ had used another well-known singer, Hemant Kumar, in the film for Rula Kar Chal Diye and Aa Neel Gagan Tale Pyar Ham Kare, penned by Shailendra and Hasrat Jaipuri respectively. Both songs are immortal.
  2. ‘Badshah’ was adaptation of Victor Hugo’s very famous novel, Hunch Back of Notre Dame, written in French in 1831, on which a Hollywood film of the same name also has been made.

For our traditional end of a post with a Mohammad Rafi song, we have

Soch Na Manwa…Haye Gam Ke Maaro Ka Jamane Mein Koi Na Saath Dega – Pooja 1954

By now a well-established practice of beginning the song with short prelude-couplet comes with an innovative support orchestration of a piano piece – so typical of a Jaikishan touch.

We will continue our search for Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.