Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – April 2019

Welcome to April 2019 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

Our core subject of Quality Management – Road Ahead to Digital Transformation during the year 2019, we have covered:

  • The Basics of Digitization, Digitalization and Digital Transformation in January 2019;
  • The foundation of the Digital Quality Management.in February 2019.
  • Quality 4.0 in March 2019

Presently we will take up first of the nine disruptive technologies of Industry 4.0 – Big Data Analytics, wherein we will first look at Big Data and Analytics separately, then take a collective look and then connect it up with its use in the manufacturing.

Gartner defines (circa 2001) Big Data as data that contains greater variety arriving in increasing volumes and with ever-higher velocity.

Put simply, big data is larger, more complex data sets, especially from new data sources. These data sets are so voluminous that traditional data processing software just can’t manage them. But these massive volumes of data can be used to address business problems you wouldn’t have been able to tackle before.[1]

But it’s not the amount of data that’s important. It’s what organizations do with the data that matters. Big data can be analyzed for insights that lead to better decisions and strategic business moves.

This is where the Big Data Analytics comes into play.

Big Data analytics refers to the use of powerful tools and techniques to leverage data insights, trends and patterns from huge – often unstructured and disparate – data sets and make them easily and quickly accessible to business leaders, managers and other key stakeholders. These insights are used to inform and develop business strategies and plans (Bertolucci, 2013a; Zakir et al., 2015).[2]

Even in the 1950s, decades before anyone uttered the term “big data,” businesses were using basic analytics (essentially numbers in a spreadsheet that were manually examined) to uncover insights and trends. [3]

The new benefits that big data analytics brings to the table, however, are speed and efficiency. Whereas a few years ago a business would have gathered information, run analytics and unearthed information that could be used for future decisions, today that business can identify insights for immediate decisions. The ability to work faster – and stay agile – gives organizations a competitive edge they didn’t have before.

4 Big Data Use Cases in the Manufacturing Industry [4]are:

  1. Improving Manufacturing Processes
  2. Custom Product Design
  3. Better Quality Assurance
  4. Managing Supply Chain Risk

There are dozens of others. If you can narrowly define the problem and assemble the right data you can harness big data to address almost any manufacturing problem.

By incorporating robust analytics and visualization tools, you can build a more granular understanding of how your production line operates, and how you can streamline it further.[5]

At both strategic and tactical levels, only a small percentage of organizations’ data is actually converted to useful information in time to leverage it for better insight and decisions. Much of this gap can be explained by the fundamental disconnect in goals, objectives, priorities, and methods between IT professionals and the business users they should ideally serve. [6]

The other challenge facing leadership is the rapid evolution of the data platform (see below.)  How do you create strategies that adapt to a changing landscape?

The figure below from Data Management Association (www.dama.org) captures the data management foundational elements and the overarching management elements that need to be in place to pull it together.

Given the understanding of data as a strategic resource for the digital economy, the structure of the data management framework builds on the principles of performance management and the logic of management cycles.

Given the understanding of data as a strategic resource for the digital economy, the reference model specifies design areas of data management in three categories: goals, enablers, and results, which are interlinked in a continuous improvement cycle.[7]

Data Excellence Model

5 Ways Big Data will Impact Quality Management

  1. Correlating performance metrics across multiple plants
  2. Perform predictive modeling of manufacturing data
  3. Better understanding of supplier network performance
  4. Faster customer service and support
  5. Real-time alerts based on manufacturing data

LNS Research’s new paper discusses  “Big Data: Driving Quality Intelligence at the Speed of Manufacturing.” Click here to get the paper

We may sum up our discussion on the subject by noting that you get realistic and attainable results when you look more closely at the data you’re already collecting.

Fully leveraging data requires a comprehensive model

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up article, Finding Insight in a Digital Sea of Information, by Josh Steimle, …. As we embrace the power of data-driven decision-making, we move into an age of limitless connection, that will inevitably alter the way we think about the world for all time….Today’s generation of children are born into the digital age….Tomorrow’s generation will be born into the age of big data.

We now watch ASQ TV, wherein we look at videos related to Big Data Analytics:

  • Big Data looks at Big data, data analytics, and predictive modeling, and how organizations and quality professionals can use all three.
    Additional reference: The Deal With Big Data
  • New Era of Quality: Big Data and Predictive Analytics – Nicole Radziwill, Quality Practice Leader, Intelex Technologies Inc., discusses big data and predictive analytics, and the opportunity to augment human intelligence to help people become more capable in their own jobs.

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems posting for March 2019 is:

  • Pursuit of Quality – Beware of pitfalls, disguises and misconceptions – Many organizations continue to pursue improvement using traditional approaches. Some of those approaches might be based on concepts that surfaced decades ago…Many organizations become short-sighted. They often repackage old beliefs focusing on quality improvement…Among the most challenging hindrance to quality improvement is cost reduction in pursuit of short-term profit. More recently cost reduction is known as productivity improvement… Let it be understood by one and every body that Improvement endeavors have their greatest potential when they are understood and accepted by everyone…In order to properly convey this seemingly simple rationale for improvement, managers must first understand why, and when, to communicate the rationale. This is much more than trying to achieve buy-in.
  • Imagination – Take a few minutes to stretch your imagination to see what you can discover. Perhaps share what you see with others as you must be able to visualize this future world before it can ever be created, but it’ll take change…Change, however, can be intimidating; but using your imagination can present all sorts of possibilities. William Arthur Ward, American author and educator, said “if you can imagine it, you can achieve it. If you can dream it, you can become it.” The challenge is to fine tune your imagination. The sooner you begin, the greater your possibilities.
  • Say Bye to Negativity – Successful people, however, have learned how to quickly get rid of their negative thoughts when they do surface.
      1. identify the thought that is bothering you.
      2. remind yourself that a very high percent of the time, things that we dread (fear), never materialize.
      3. interrupt the worry by a visualization technique.
      4. reject the negativity.
      5. replace the negativity. Instead of negativity, put a positive affirmation in its place and repeat it several times.

I look forward to receive your inputs / suggestions that can further enrich our discussions on the subject of Digitalization in the Quality Management

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

[1] What is Bid Data?

[2] Big Data Analytics

[3] Big Data Analytics – What it is and why it matters?

[4] 4 Big Data Use Cases in the Manufacturing Industry

[5] The Future of Manufacturing and Big Data By Mark Samuels

[6] BI, Analytics, Reporting Center of Excellence (CoE) by Ravi Kalakota

[7] Data Excellence Model

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Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: April, 2019

Hasrat Jaipuri – Beyond Shanker Jaikishan: 1956 -1957

Hasrat Jaipuri (born Iqbal Hussain) – B: 15 April 1922 – D: 17 September 1999 – has penned around 2000+ songs for close to 350 films in a fairly long active career as lyricist for the Hindi Films. He has written several books of Hindi and Urdu poetry too.

Just as Hasrat Jaipuri invested his earnings in real estate or rental property, on his wife’s advice and create another independent stream of income, he also prolifically wrote lyrics for music directors other than Shankar Jaikishan. We have been trying to get some of his less heard songs with other music directors on one page in this forum. We commenced the series in 2017 wherein we had covered his songs with other music directors from 1950 to 1953, and then in 2018 the songs from 1953 to 1955. In this episode, we will cover Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs with other music directors for 1956 and 1957. In order to keep our catch-pool wider enough, we have repeated some of the HJ – music director relationship that may have been covered in the earlier episodes as well.

1956

HJ had 19 songs – Basant Bahar (1), Chori Chori (5), Halaku (3), New Delhi (2), Patrani (2), Kismat Ka Khel (2), Rajhath (4) – with Shanker Jaikishan and  11 songs with 6 music directors – Dilli Darabar (S N Tripathi, 4), Insaaf (Chitragupta, 2), Naquabposh (Ramlal, 2), Shailaab (Mukul Roy, 2) and Toofan Aur Diya (Vasant Desai, 1) – in 1956.With Vasant desai this is his second consecutive V. Shantaram film, after Janak Janak Payal Baje in 1955.

Music Director: S N Tripathi

Dilli Darbar – The film has Hasrat Jaipuri’s professional alter ego, Shailendra, as his partner lyricist in this film. It seems that none of three songs of Hasrat Jaipuri are available on YT.

Music Director: Mukul Roy

Film: Sailaab

Sailaab was produced by Mukul Roy, in virtual partnership with Geeta Dutt, her sister, and was directed by Guru Dutt.

Haye Re Haye Re……Baje Dil Ke Taar Kare Pukaar – Lakhsmi Shankar

We have no basis to find out why was the song awarded to Lakshmi Shankar. None the less, the song is very pleasant to listen to.

Jiyara Baat Naahi Maane Re Kisi Ki – Geeta Dutt

The song a is a typical solo a young girl in love that is not spelt out in public, would sing to vent her feelings.

Music Director: Chitragupta

Insaaf is another film for which the song written by Hasrat Jaipuri does seem to have been uploaded on YT.

Music Director: Ramlal

Naqabposh also has the similar fate in so far as Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs are concerned.

Music Director: Vasant Desai

Fim: Toofan Aur Diya

All other songs for this film has been written by Bharat Vyas.

Neegahe Neechi Kiye Haaye … Sar Jhukaye Baithe Ho….Tum Hi Ho Jo Dil Mera Chrauye Baithe Ho…..Dil Tumne Liya Hai Mera Jaan  – Shamshad Begum

The song is essentially a mujhra dance, but the song is based on garaba folk tune. However, use of harmonium pieces helps the song to retain its mujhra dance character. Use a prelude couplet in the song is the tell-tale indication of it being a Hasrat Jaipuri song.

1957

HJ’s score was 5 songs with Shanker Jaikishan – Begunah (3), Kahputili (2) – against which he had written 25 songs for Dattaram (Ab Dilli Door Nahi, 4);  Roshan (Coffee House, 1); O P Nayyar (Johnny Walker, 6); Basant Prakash (Maharani, 3) and (Neelofar, 3) ; N Dutta (Mohini, 2) and (Mr. X, 3); Vinod (Mumtaz Mahal, 3).

Music Director: Dattaram

Film: Ab Dilli Door Nahi

As is well-known, Ab Dilli Door Nahi was the maiden film of Dattaram as independent music director. Hasrat Jaipuri’s Choon Choon Karati Aayi Chidiya (Mohammad Rafi) remains hugely popular even today. Jiyo Laal Mere Tum Lakho Baras (Lata Mangeshkar, chorus) was well-acclaimed among the critics.

Lo Har Cheez Le Lo Zamane Ke Logo, Baharon KI Ham To Ada Bechate Hai – Asha Bhosle, Geeta Dutt, Sidha Malhotra and chorus

The song opens with a HJ-signature prelude couplet Idahr Bhi Ek Nazar Jaanewalo….and then runs into a high-pitched street sale of toys by the young children. Lyrics befit the simplicity of the adolescence of the protagonists and yet have very deep meaning.

Aside:

The child actor who opens the main lines of the song is Amjad Khan.

Bhej Chhanna Chhan Khoob Rupaiyya, Ham Tere Kehlate Hai – Mohammad Rafi, S Balbir

The prelude couplet sets the tone of the song when the protagonist yearns the a fourth of a crore as side-kick gift from the almighty. The song goes on to spell out the details of the application, seriously by presenting in a lighter tone.

Music Director: Roshan

Film: Coffee House

Prem Dhawan was the principal lyricist for the film, however Shailendra and Hasrat jaipuri have got one song each to write in the film.

Tod Diya Dil Tune Sanwariya – Asha Bhosle

The prelude couplet marks the Hasrat Jaipuri’s signature style. The song is drenched in pathos mood, even if set to a quicker rhythm.

Music Director: Basant Prakash

Film, Maharani is one more film for which we do not find Hasrat Jaipuri’s songs on YT, even as all songs, except one, were written by Hasrat Jaipuri.)

Film: Neelofar

The film has two pairs of music directors and lyricists. Basant Prakash has teamed up with Hasrat Jaipuri for three songs and Avinash Vyas has teamed up with Pandit Mathur for two songs.

Nazuk Bahar Hoon, Dil Ka Qarar Hoon Duniya Hai Mujh Pe Nichhar, Laayi Hoon Main Ankhon Mein Pyar – Asha Bhosle

The song is simple dance song, both in terms of simplicity of the lyrics as well as that of the composition.

Naache Dil Mera Chhamma Chhamm…. Meri Aankhon Mein Sanam Hai, Meri Saanson Mein Sanam – Sudha Malhotra

A lilting dance song is set to so-called Arab tune.

Music Director : Vinod

Film: Mumtaz Mahal

Out of the seven songs, one each is written by Pandit Priyadarshi and Kaifi Azmi and the rest five are written by Hasarat Jaipuri. We have picked up only one song here.

Main Dil Ka Saaj Bajata Hoon Chaahat Ke Nagme Gaata Hun – Talat Mahmood –

The song fits the possible feelings that music director, Vinod, may have about the way his own music was treated by the commercial world of Hindi films.

Music Director: N Dutta

Film: Mohini

The film has two HJ songs, of which the video clip of Raat Yeh Bahar Ki Tere Pyaar Ki (Asha, chorus), seems that the video of this song seems to  have been removed on YT and does not seem to have been restored.

Nainon Mein Jhoome Hai Pyar Savariya – Asha Bhosle

The HJ-signature prelude couplet has been very cleverly used as an opening gambit to draw the initial attention of the king. The song then goes on as dance recital wherein the lady engages the attention to put forth her love.

Film: Mr. X

Mr. X had Ashok Kumar in the lead role, but the film was a thriller in which the hero becomes invisible. The film had as many as four lyricists – Majrooh Sultanpuri, Tanvir Naqvi, Bharat Vyas all had one song each whereas Hasrat Jaipuri had three songs. We have picked up two representative songs here…

Mein Pyar Ki Laila Hoon , Paogi Na Tum Aisi, Ye Chand Bhi Deewana, Surat Hai Meri Aisi  – Manna Dey, Sudha Malhotra

In this duet, it is the lady-love who praises her own beauty for which even Moon is jealous. The poor love musters up courage to reply in the second stanza only. He goes on add to her praise and in the process is ready to throw away all the trivia of the worldly pleasures.

Sadke Tere Chaal Ke’ Kajara Vajra Dal Ke, Jaanewali Aana Kabhi Yaar Ki Gali – Mohammad Rafi, Geeta Dutt

A very playful duet wherein the lady love is lavished with all top-of-the-head -sounding praises by her beauty-and-style infested lover. The lady love also takes the praise in her stride with a chin-up demur.

Music Director: O P Nayyar

Film: Johnny Walker

This is a full-scale film in so far as role of Hasrat Jaipuri as lyricist is concerned. O P Nayyar is also in his usual full flow.

Thandi Thandi Hawa Pooche Unka Pata – Geeta Dutt, Asha Bhosle.

The present song is filmed on Shyama and Sheila Vaaz. This is one of the two duets by Asha Bhosle and Geeta Dutt in the film – Jhuki Jhuki Pyar Ki Nazar Dekhe Unhe

We will leverage the advantage of having Mohammad Rafi’s ssongs in the film to maintain our tradition of ending the episode with Mohammad Rafi songs.

Ae Dil Tu Na Dar Is Jahan Se…– Mohammad Rafi

Mohammad Rafi is in his full Johnny-Walker style in the song.

Muh Se Mat Laga  Dekh Zaraa Cheez Hai Buri – Mohammad Rafi, Manna Dey

Mouhamad Rafi and Manna Dey have joined to sings duets across a variety of moods and genre. Her we have one of the finest Raf-Manna Dey duets in a very light situation.

We will continue our journey of Hasrat Jaiuri’s songs for other music directors in our next episode.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.

Business Sutra |10. 2| Jugaad – Good or Bad?

Business Sutra |10| Finale : The Indian Way of Doing Business

We have covered nine episodes of Devdutt Pattanaik’ TV serial on CNBC 18:  Business Sutra.

The final episode explores Indianness. Devdutt Pattanaik believes that Indian ideas need to be seen through a fresh post-post-modern lens. The post-post-modern lens looks at things in context appreciating the subjective realities of Indians and recognizing it as being different from those of other people. It is of value in some situations but not in all. Segment 1 took up the subject of destiny v/s desire.

Business Sutra |10. 2| Jugaad – Good or Bad?

Financial Times defines Jugaad as:

Jugaad (a word taken from Hindi which captures the meaning of finding a low-cost solution to any problem in an intelligent way) is a new way to think constructively and differently about innovation and strategy. Jugaad innovation has a long-lasting tradition in India but is also widespread in the rest of the so-called Bric countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) and numerous other emerging economies. Jugaad is about extending our developed world understanding of entrepreneurial spirit in the traditional Schumpeterian style (Joseph Schumpeter was the Austrian economist known as the prophet of innovation).

Jugaad means thinking in a frugal way and being flexible, which, in turn, requires the innovator or entrepreneur to adapt quickly to often unforeseen situations and uncertain circumstances in an intelligent way.

Intelligence in this context “isn’t about seeking sophistication or perfection by over-engineering products, but rather about developing a ‘good-enough’ solution that gets the job done”. (Radjou et al., 2012, p. 109 ff.)

And to reposition the question ‘Whether it is Good or Bad?’, I will pick up a paragraph from Manu Joseph’s article, “’Jugaad’, India’s most-overrated idea” that would set the stage to listen to what Devdutt Patanaik has to say on the subject.

‘The existence of jugaad is merely the evidence that the circumstances of a society are so bad that its smart people are doing what smart people in other civilizations do not have to do…There is an argument that such humble innovations can solve problems no one else but the poor want to solve. But then India holds enduring proof that giant capitalistic market forces that throw up accidental solutions are more beneficial to the poor than jugaad, or humble altruistic research. For instance, Media Lab Asia, the pious short-lived collaboration between MIT Media Lab and the Indian government, worked on a range of technology to improve the lives of the poor….In the end, the problems were solved by BlackBerry, Apple and Google, giant corporations that thought big and believed in having extravagant budgets for innovation.’

Oh, we have two divergent views! And, possibly, we have well-meaning, smart and sincere people lined up in both camps.

Now, let us see what Devdutt Patanaik has to say with regards to Jugaad – The Indian Way of Doing Business in Segment 2 of the episode 10, Finale, The Indian Way of Doing Business

A recent feature on management practices in The Economist said Indians often say frugal innovation as their distinctive contribution to management’s thinking. They point to the National tradition of jugaad, meaning roughly making do with what you have and never giving up and cite many examples of ordinary Indians solving seemingly insoluble problems.

You mentioned an interesting thing when you said it is our strength and our weakness. Is it good or is it bad?

Again, the answer is maybe, but you see the word Juguaad is a North Indian word. When you use the word, there is a sense implicit in the word, a mischief, a prank. There’s something not right about that word. It has negative connotation, and yet when the word Juguaad is used in the eastern parts of the country, it carries a little different meaning. For example, when my mother would use the word Jugaadu, she didn’t really mean it in the same way as you say it in Hindi. She would mean it in the form of a resourceful person. A juguaadu is both a responsible person and a person who is able to go through the cracks, between the lines and find his way. He can improvise. He is able to innovate. So it depends on the situation and depends on the outcome. If the outcome is favorable, then it is good. If the outcome doesn’t favor, we say it is bad.

The problem with the mindset of a Juguaad is that nothing can be taken for granted. It doesn’t allow for planning, it doesn’t allow for systems to be constructed. So, you suddenly feel lost in a system that everybody is improvising. You are not sure what is happening out there. This is a negative part of the Juguaad mindset. The good part is that it’s more about relationships it’s more about people. It is about people feeling powerful, of saying that no matter what the situation is, no matter what the odds are, no matter what the scarcity is, we will figure a way out.

You have listed an equal number of pros and cons. So, will Jugaad take us forward or will it hold us back?

It is who we are. Whether we harness it and take us forward. If you do not harness it, if you wish it away, it won’t go away. It will always be there. The question is do we consider it as a factor when we are designing our cities, when we’re making our plans, when we’re making our business plans. We, sometimes, forget that as Indians, by nature of who we are. Rather than looking down upon and wishing it away and hoping to sort of condition and decondition Indians to make them something different. Let us see this as an attribute and turn it into a strength, which sometimes we don’t.

Can you really design something for people who are more creatively driven, and therefore, more unpredictable? It is considered difficult to do that. A system requires predictability. So, it becomes very tough to harness unpredictable creativity to create systems.

This is a very good point. It is about predictability. When you need predictability, you talk about processes and systems. But, in a country like India, where everything is unpredictable, or they make it so, people have always relied on how to create the innovative solution. That is the journey that we will have to undertake in the next 10 – 20 years, as India becomes a more important country.

Let us look at examples. We can focus on results rather than on methods. This is one way of looking at it. The other method could be you know what 80 percent will be as it is defined by process, but 20 percent will be allowed for human freedom, for Jugaad. Multinational organizations define everything to the last detail, because we almost don’t trust the human intelligence.

You always need a defined manual. If it does not exist, then people can’t function.

Somewhere along the line, we believe the processes will force people to have integrity. But the fact is, integrity has nothing to do with the processes.

The segment seems not to be normative when choosing between the Jugaadu-way of doing things or systemically doing the things. However, it does unequivocally state that integrity, or voluntary commitment to the organization’s vision, will not come in simply by the defined processes or system. The segment also makes a firm statement that Indian way of  doing business does need to be better aligned with standard, global, way of doing things.

In our continuing journey of Devdutt Pattanaik’s TV serial Business Sutra, we will move on to the concluding, 3rd, segment, ‘Raas Leea – The Perfect Organization’ of 10th Episode, the Finale, in our next episode.

Note: The images used in this post are the irrevocable property of their respective creator. They have been taken up courtesy the internet, so as to illustrate the point under discussion.

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music, March 2019

Welcome to March 2019 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

A tribute to Shashi Kapoor on his 81st birth anniversary: The many faces of the legendary Shakespeare Wallah

Rekha speaks through her eyes, which made her my choice for Umrao Jaan: Muzaffar Ali -For every art enthusiast, Muzaffar Ali’s home is a treat to the eyes. Speaking with him about his films while laying focus on his best-known work, Umrao Jaan (1981), we got to know a bit more about him and his process of bringing poetry and art to the 70mm screen and more.

Rarely Heard Ghulam Mohammad – on 51st death anniversarythe lyrics formed an important part, then the actual tune.

Remembering Ravi through the songs that he wrote, Lata sings for Ravi and The silent giant-killer and the man of many-splendoured talents: Ravi are rich tributes to a music director who did not get credit befitting his success.

Chalo Ek Baar Phir Se Ajnabi – Gumraah – Strangers Once Again – the situation in life becomes such that you start feeling it is better to be strangers than being lovers. Music composer Ravi takes all the care to handle the delicate situation with utmost care. He uses only the piano (violin and percussion is just an accompaniment) and Mahendra Kapoor’s voice to convey Sahir’s thoughts.

The real mesmeriser Talat Mahmood: His best non-film songs capture some of the most remembered non-film songs of Talat Mahmood.

The Story Of A Sindbad – Shankarrao Biniwale, is narrated to us by Kaushal Inamdar in Marathi here. The post is English translation of that article. Shankarrao Biniwale was an accomplished violinist, who went around the world and explored the origins of violin.

Shailendra Sharma @ Golden Era of Bollywood has posted following memorial tribute posts:

Farooq Sheikh – A Man For All Seasons, who worked with directors like M S Sathyu, Satyajit Ray, Muzaffar Ali, Sai Paranjape, Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Yash Chopra, Ketan Mehta, Ayan Mukherjee.

On Kundan Shah, Paigham, and Vyjayanthimala as the comic foil recollects a lighthearted scene in the 1959 Dilip Kumar-Vyjayanthimala-starrer Paigham

Flashback series: human pain and human comedy in Boot Polish (1954) recommends seeing the film because two child actors get top billing in a 1950s Hindi film… and earn it

March, 2019 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs takes up S N Tripathi: Unremembered music director of remembered songs :1957 – 1960. This is the 3rd article in the series on S N Tripathi. First two covered his songs from 1941 to 1950 and from 1951 to 1956 respectively in 2017 and in 2018.

And, now the posts on other subjects:

Barahmasa in film songs = Literally meaning ‘twelve months’, in music it refers to folk or light classical form of north and east India, sung primarily in the rainy season. E.g.

His girl Friday: Sanjeev Kumar and the ‘computer’ in Trishul, an economical, unobtrusive little moment in a larger-than-life film. The scene is where we are introduced to the middle-aged version of the businessman RK Gupta, played by Sanjeev Kumar, and his superbly resourceful secretary Geeta (Raakhee). The office scene in Trishul isn’t subdued or quirky, but it performs a comparable function – telling us something important about a character, a situation and an environment with a few minute brush-strokes.

Songs At The Opening Credits Of The Movie – Title songs carried a gist of that particular film and the songs at the opening credits sort of served as the preamble of that particular film. Though at times both combined as one and solved both purposes. Opening credit songs might not essentially have the title of film in it. Sometimes the film might also have both, opening credits having the title as well as independent title song. We have picked up a few examples form the article:

Dhund,

Umrao Jan

Rang Birangi – serves the purpose of title songs and an opening credit song.

Somewhat Cross-dressed Women ‘Romancing’ Women in Performances: Ten Songs from which I have picked out a few, which are relatively less-known-

Few Marathi songs by prominent Hindi singers has listed Marathi songs sung by Geeta Dut, Sudha Malhotra, Mukesh, Manna Dey, Hemant Kumar and Moahammad Rafi, obviously excluding Lata Mageshkar, Asha Bhosle and Suamn Kalyanpuar. The post ends with a note on Lata Mangeshkar’s connection with Marathi cinema – a music director. Sixty-nine years back Lata Mangeshkar debuted as a Music Director in the Marathi movie Ram Ram Pavhana (1950). It is to be noted that in her first movie as a composer she used her own name. And it’s not clear why in the later four Marathi movies she gave music under the pseudonym- Anandghan. Anonymity I guess.  Her music was one of the 8 state awrds that Sadhi Manas got.

How SD Burman became as famous as the singers he worked with despite his thin, nasally voice – In edited excerpts from a reissued biography – Incomparable Sachin Dev Burman –  on SD Burman (known as Dada), H Q Chowdhury reopens the debate: was he a singer-composer or a composer-singer?

Who wrote the classic Hindi film ‘Aandhi’? And was it based on Indira Gandhi? Gulzar clears the air – In edited excerpts from an interview, by Saba Mahmood Bashir, in ‘Aandhi Insights into the Film’, Gulzar reveals how his Suchitra Sen-Sanjeev Kumar starrer got made.

Khilte Hain Gul Yahan – Sharmilee – Of Roses And Romance – One version rendered by Kishore Kumar and the other by Lata Mangeshkar. One is happy, the other is sad. The opening lines of both songs depict the sense of the opposites in the songs.

Songs with a Surprise! Share the opening lines by chance. The post has put up quite demaninding filters for the selection of these songs

    • The words should be from the opening lines of the songs
    • The songs should share at least four words.
    • The songs should not have been inspired from a well known ghazal or a bhajan,
    • The songs should be from two different films

Teri Dhoom Har Kahin – Kala Bazaar – Money Matters is a praise money situation –

Sooraj ke jaisi golaai
Chanda ki thandak bhi paayi
Thanke toh pyare duhai
Lai lai lai lai
Teri dhoom har kahin
Tujh sa yaar koi nahin
Hum ko toh pyare tu sab se pyara

In our tradition of ending our post with article on Mohammad Rafi or a topical song of his, I have picked up a few songs, each one of which basically has a link with the topics discussed in the present post.

Duniya Ki Haalat Naram Naram, Halwa Chhodo, Poodi Chhodo, Bajhiya Yeh Kha Lo Garam Garam–  Guzara-1(954) – Ghulam Muhammad – Raja Mehdi Ali Khan

Ghoda Peshauri Mera Tanaga Lahori  Mera –  Pyar Ka Bandhan (1963) – Ravi – Sahir Ludhyanavi

Beta Jamure Kah De Duniya Ko Lalakar Ke – Biradari (1966) – With Manna Dey – Chitragupta – Prem Dhawan

Kya Hua Maine Agar Ishq Ka Izahar Kiya – Yeh Dil Kis Ko Doon (1963) – with Asha Bhosle – Iqbal Quereshi – Qamar Jalalabadi

I am also not able resist temptation to recall one of my most favorite song – Ghulam mOhammad creation.

Hai Bas Ke Har Ek Unke Ek Ishare Pe Nishan Aur – Mirza Ghalib (1954)

I earnestly solicit your inputs for further broad-basing our cache for the content for our carnival of blogs on the Golden Era of Hindi film music.

Disclaimer: This monthly series of posts is my best-effort-based compilation of posts on Hindi film songs that I normally visit regularly. As I record my sincere thanks to all the original creators of these posts, any other posts that I have nor covered herein shows my lack of awareness of existence of such posts and is by no means any disrespect to their work. The copyrights to the posts, images and video clips remain the properties of the original creators.

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs, March, 2019

Welcome to March 2019 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

Our core subject of Quality Management – Road Ahead to Digital Transformation during the year 2019, we have covered:

  • The Basics of Digitization, Digitalization and Digital Transformation in January 2019;
  • The foundation of the Digital Quality Management.in February 2019.

Presently we will take up one of very-oft heard term Quality 4.0

Quality 4.0 blends new technologies with traditional quality methods to arrive at new optimums in Operational Excellence,[1] For the quality professionals, these technologies are important because they enable the transformation of culture, leadership, collaboration, and compliance.

The webinar- It’s Time for a QMS Revolution with Quality 4.0 – provides insightful information on how Quality 4.0 will revolutionize the QMS implementation process. Moreover, the presenter discusses on how the emergence of social media platforms will play a role in the organization`s ability to achieve results.

Quality 4.0 can also be represented as[2] :

Quality 4.0 = Connectedness + Intelligence + Automation (C-I-A)
for Performance Innovation

What Are the Four Things Quality Isn’t?[3]

#1 Quality 4.0 is not separate from traditional quality:

#2 Quality 4.0 is not EQMS

#3 Quality 4.0 is not all about technology.

#4 Quality 4.0 is not just the job of IT.,

Quality 4.0 is closely aligning Quality principles and Standards with the predicted challenges of the new Industrial Revolution, to enable innovation and better business models[4].

There is one more implication for the quality professionals – It is about new skills to keep one of the LESSER more SKILLED JOBS that will be available. In a complimentary webinar – The Smart Factory, Industry 4.0 And Quality – presented by Dr. Joseph A. DeFeo, wherein he discusses how to get on board with Quality 4.0 and lead it!

Nine disruptive technologies are involved in the Industry 4.0[5]

What do the digital technologies bring in terms of performance jump across functions? Let’s start by looking at the operations, where McKinsey & Company experts have shown that the impact potential is significant across all functions.[6] In so far as quality is concerned, This survey expects a decrease in costs related to suboptimal quality of 10 to 20%, by through Industry 4.0 Quality levers such as SPC, advanced process control (APC), and digital performance management.

Before we look at the strategy to transform traditional quality management practices into Quality 4.0-driven culture, we will take a closer look at the nine disruptive technologies, in our forthcoming articles.

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up article, Despite Technology’s Hype, Business Remains a Human Enterprise,by Jim Champy , …. The challenge today is increasingly to digitize work while still paying attention to the skills and values of the people who will make the enterprise work… There may be fewer people in digitized enterprises, but …they will have to be more skilled. And if they misbehave, their bad actions will impact the enterprise all the more quickly… The masters of the digital enterprise must become contemporary masters of the whole – and learn to balance the hard and the soft (sides of the business).

We now watch Why You Should Care About Quality 4.0 in ASQ TV, which looks at importance of Quality 4.0.

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems posting for February 2019 is:

Commitment and Discipline :

  • Quality Requires a Team Effort – Achievement of a robust quality culture is an outcome of the combined efforts of the minds and hearts of everyone working together toward a common cause. Involving the combined efforts of the organization into the pursuit of a common goal can be challenging…The sustenance of quality environment in the organization needs pervasive evidence of a continuous commitment and disciplined pursuit of quality excellence. A committed and disciplined organization begins with individual effort, and so too does it continue, sometimes through the pure willpower of those who understand the importance of achieving a substantive quality environment…Implementing a true quality environment which might go ‘against the grain’ can be daunting To do so takes courage and fortitude to be in pursuit of a quality movement. It takes sustained commitment and discipline, and these attributes come from within…To be a change advocate is to break from the past and maybe from organizational tradition. It requires an inner strength. It requires commitment and discipline…It (also) requires a team effort, beginning at the top, but mobilizing everyone. Every person is a stone of the organizations’ foundation.
  • Quality implementation requires ongoing support. – Unless there is an increased focus given to a collaborative team endeavor toward a common goal, a quality environment will not be achieved…Implementing quality means change, and change is difficult for many. It takes a special kind of management to lead, manage, and support the organization if there is to be substantive movement toward a quality environment…When applied to the organizational setting, discipline means requiring management to light the way and to stay on course…Positive, sustainable change can only happen if there is a special spirit in the way it is approached. Certainly, senior management plays a critical role in creating and sustaining a true quality environment. They provide the impetus, funding and ongoing support.

I look forward to receive your inputs / suggestions that can further enrich our discussions on the subject of Digitalization in the Quality Management

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images

[1] What is Quality 4.0?

[2] Quality 4.0

[3] What Are the Four Things Quality Isn’t?

[4] Industrial Revolution 4.0 – The future is here!

[5]  Industry 4.0

[6] Industry 4.0: How to navigate digitization of the manufacturing sector

The Fourth Industrial Revolution – Industry 4.0 – An Overview

The Fourth Industrial Revolution[1] represents a fundamental change in the way we live, work and relate to one another. It is a new chapter in human development, enabled by extraordinary technology advances commensurate with those of the first, second and third industrial revolutions. These advances are merging the physical, digital and biological worlds in ways that create both huge promise and potential peril. The speed, breadth and depth of this revolution is forcing us to rethink how countries develop, how organisations create value and even what it means to be human. The Fourth Industrial Revolution is about more than just technology-driven change; it is an opportunity to help everyone, including leaders, policy-makers and people from all income groups and nations, to harness converging technologies in order to create an inclusive, human-centered future. The real opportunity is to look beyond technology and find ways to give the greatest number of people the ability to positively impact their families, organisations and communities.

The first three industrial revolutions[2]

Zvika Krieger, the head of technology policy and partnerships at WEF, states that there is a common theme among each of the industrial revolutions: the invention of a specific technology that changed society fundamentally.

The First Industrial Revolution started in Britain around 1760. It was powered by a major invention: the steam engine. The steam engine enabled new manufacturing processes, leading to the creation of factories.

The Second Industrial Revolution came roughly one century later and was characterized by mass production in new industries like steel, oil and electricity. The light bulb, telephone and internal combustion engine were some of the key inventions of this era.

The inventions of the semiconductor, personal computer and the internet marked the Third Industrial Revolution starting in the 1960s. This is also referred to as the “Digital Revolution.”

The Fourth Industrial Revolution[3] refers to how technologies like artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles and the internet of things are merging with humans’ physical lives.

Krieger says that the Fourth Industrial Revolution is different from the third for two reasons: the gap between the digital, physical and biological worlds is shrinking, and technology is changing faster than ever.

According to Professor Klaus Schwab, Founder & Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum, it is “blurring the lines between physical, digital and biological spheres.”

It’s important to appreciate that the Fourth Industrial Revolution involves a systemic change across many sectors and aspects of human life: the crosscutting impacts of emerging technologies are even more important than the exciting capabilities they represent…. The result of all this is societal transformation at a global scale… Furthermore, the sense that new technologies are being developed and implemented at an increasingly rapid pace has an impact on human identities, communities, and political structures.

This revolution is about much more than technology—it is an opportunity to unite global communities, to build sustainable economies, to adapt and modernize governance models, to reduce material and social inequalities, and to commit to values-based leadership of emerging technologies.

The Fourth Industrial revolution is driven by four disruptions: the astonishing rise in data volumes, computational power, and connectivity, especially new low-power wide-area networks; the emergence of analytics and business-intelligence capabilities; new forms of human-machine interaction such as touch interfaces and augmented-reality systems; and improvements in transferring digital instructions to the physical world.[4]

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is therefore not a prediction of the future but a call to action. It is a vision for developing, diffusing, and governing technologies in ways that foster a more empowering, collaborative, and sustainable foundation for social and economic development, built around shared values of the common good, human dignity, and intergenerational stewardship. Realizing this vision will be the core challenge and great responsibility of the next 50 years. [5]

Challenges and opportunities [6]

There are three reasons why today’s transformations represent not merely a prolongation of the Third Industrial Revolution but rather the arrival of a Fourth and distinct one: velocity, scope, and systems impact. The speed of current breakthroughs has no historical precedent. When compared with previous industrial revolutions, the Fourth is evolving at an exponential rather than a linear pace. Moreover, it is disrupting almost every industry in every country. And the breadth and depth of these changes herald the transformation of entire systems of production,
management, and governance.

In the future, technological innovation will also lead to a supply-side miracle, with long term gains in efficiency and productivity. Transportation and communication costs will drop, logistics and global supply chains will become more effective, and the cost of trade will diminish, all of which will open new markets and drive economic growth. At the same time, as the economists Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee have pointed out, the revolution could yield greater inequality, particularly in its potential to disrupt labor markets.

There are four main effects that the Fourth Industrial Revolution has on business—on customer expectations, on product enhancement, on collaborative innovation, and on organizational forms. The governments will increasingly face pressure to change their current approach to public engagement and policymaking, as their central role of conducting policy diminishes owing to new sources of competition and the redistribution and decentralization of power that new
technologies make possible. Ultimately, the ability of government systems and public authorities to adapt will determine their survival.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution, finally, will change not only what we do but also who we are. It will affect our identity and all the issues associated with it: our sense of privacy, our notions of ownership, our consumption patterns, the time we devote to work and leisure, and how we develop our careers, cultivate our skills, meet people, and nurture relationships. It is already changing our health and leading to a “quantified” self, and sooner than we think it may lead to human augmentation. The list is endless because it is bound only by our imagination.

For example, in ‘Elon Musk’s vision for the future’, one of most prominent icons of Fourth Industrial Revolution, Elon Musk shares his predictions for artificial intelligence, renewable energy and space exploration.

As an another example, a special panel of highly scientific minds discusses what the future holds for tech innovation, education and entrepreneurship. Panelists include Google’s “captain of moonshots,” Astro Teller, Stanford bioengineer Christina Smolke, an associate professor at the university’s medical school, and DFJ General Partner Steve Jurvetson. Persis Drell, dean of the Stanford School of Engineering, moderates the discussion, with introductions by Stanford Professor Kathleen Eisenhardt.

4 myths about manufacturing in the Fourth Industrial Revolution[7]

#1 4IR technologies are too expensive

The beauty of the 4IR is that so much can be done without breaking the bank…While this does require a significant amount of upfront work to implement, it typically translates into optimized processes, shortened cycle times, increased quality, reduced energy losses, shorter downtimes due to maintenance, and improved overall equipment effectiveness.

# 2 4IR technologies will cause widespread unemployment

The investor and on the board of directors with SpaceX and Tesla, Steve Jurvetson’s visions for the future is that there will be no need for humans to have jobs for example. Even as slaves.[8]

There is no doubt that repetitive tasks will decline… In manufacturing, while we expect a decline of tasks for assembly and factory workers, material handlers, quality inspectors and maintenance technicians; this decline will be counterbalanced by an increase of roles in the fields of data analytics, artificial intelligence, software and application development and technologies. The challenge to be overcome, then, is how to re-skill the existing workforce.

# 3 Businesses must forgo profits to achieve sustainability

It is the mindset – that one must choose between what is right for the bottom line and what is sustainable – that must shift…To do this, we need to first change the way we think and define sustainability. Today, it is far more than planting trees or putting a few solar panels on the roof – although these are still good things to do. Instead, we need to think about sustainability in terms of sustained success, and in the broader context of contributing positively to the workforce, society at large, and the environment.

#4 4IR is only for large multinational companies in developed markets

This is not always the case, according to a recent World Economic Forum white paper “Fourth Industrial Revolution: Beacons of Technology and Innovation in Manufacturing”, which details 16 of the world’s most advanced 4IR factories.

[9]

There is no field where some or other form of digital technology has entered. Which technologies would deliver the biggest return on investment for a company, given its unique circumstances? To sort through the choices, manufacturing leaders can use a “digital compass” created by McKinsey & Company. The compass consists of eight basic value drivers and 26 practical Industry 4.0 levers. Cross-functional discussions that will help companies find the levers that are best suited to solve their problems.[10]

The digital power of Fourth Industrial Revolution is as much a threat as it is an opportunity, depending on whether the business enterprise can transform and extend their business models after, or before, the change becomes THE reality.

How ready are we?

[1] 4th Industrial Revolution

[2]  Everything you need to know about the Fourth Industrial Revolution

[3] What is fourth industrial revolution?

[4] Manufacturing’s next act

[5] Fourth Industrial revolutionKlaus Schwab

[6] The Fourth Industrial Revolution What It Means, How To Respond

[7] 4 myths about manufacturing in the Fourth Industrial Revolution

[8]  In the future there will be no jobs

[9]  The Plastics Blog – Don Loepp @ August 30, 2018

[10] Digital in industry: From buzzword to value creation

Fading Memories…. Unforgettable Songs: March, 2019

S N Tripathi: Unremembered music director of remembered songs :1957 – 1960

S N Tripathi (a.k.a. Sri Nath Tripathi) – B: 14-3-1913 / D: 28-3-1988 – after having toiled in the initial years, broke the glass ceiling in 1957 by taking up the Top Post in Binaca Geetmala in 1957. The song was Zara Samne To Aa Challiye, Chhup Chhup Chhalane Mein Kya Raz Hai (Janam Janam Ke Phere). If it sounds not so astounding, look at what was the coemption like: Naya Daur, Hum Sab Chor Hain (OP Nayyar), Pyaasa, Nau Do Gyaarah, Funtoosh, Paying Guest (SD Burman), Miss Mary, Champakali (Hemant Kumar), Chori Chori, Begunah, Basant Bahar, New Delhi (Shankar-Jaikishen) and Asha (C Ramchandra).

The roaring success of songs from a mythlogical film Hatimtai (1956) – Pavardiagr-e – Alam Tera Hi Hai Sahara and Jhoomati Hai Nazar Jhuumata Hai Pyar, followed by Janam Janam Ke Phere did not really lift the position of S N Tripathi to the A-grade elites.  In an industry that thrives on its mercurial values, talent has never been a password for opening the vault of success, this has been the rule of averages that ruled the roost.

We have been following the career of S N Tripathi, on this platform, every March since 2017. We have covered S N Tripathi’s unremembered songs from 1941 to 1950 in 2017 and then, from 1951 to 1956 in 2018.  In this episode we will listen to S N Tripathi’s unremembered songs from the films that we may or may not remember for the years 1957 to 1960.

1957

S N Tripathi created music for all C – grade films, Khuda Ka Banda, Paristan, Ram Hanuman Yudhdh and Janam Janam Ke Phere in 1957. Of these, Janam Janam Ke Phere got fame because of Zara Samane To Aao Chaaliye (a Mohammad Rafi and Lata Mangeshkar duet)and Ye Hai Janam Janam Ke Phere.(a Mohammad Rafi and chorus title song).

We will listen to Tann Ke Tamboore Mein Do Saanson Ke Taar Bole Jay Radheshyam – Janam Janam Ke Phere, (1957)  – Manna Dey – Lyrics :Bharat Vyas

S N Tripathi has chosen Manna Dey for this bhajan-styled song. The song is set to a not-easy-to-sing tune, but Manna Dey easily does full justice.

Falak Bola Khuda Ke Noor Ka Mai Aashiyaana Hoon – Khuda Ka Banda (1957) – Mohammad Rafi – Lyrics: Shewan Rizvi

This is also a prayer song, so it is set to a qawwalli style tune. Qawwalli, in essence, is Sufi Islamic devotional songs.

Aside: The song seems to have been strongly influenced by a Nashad composition Badi Mushkil Se Dil Ki Beqaraari Ko Qaraar Aaya (Naghma, 1953, Shamshad Begum, Lyrics: Naqshab Jharavchi). This song has gone onto become one of Shamshad Begum’s all-time-great, whereas Khuda Ka Banda song has sunk into a bottomless pit, along with the film.

 

S N Tripathi did not compose music for any film in 1958.

1959

S N Tripathi composed music for Jagaa Daku, Pakshiraj, Kavi Kalidas and Rani Rupmati in the year 1959.

Kavi Kalidas had 10 songs. Of these, Unpar Kaun Kare Jee Vishwaas (Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar duet) and Shaam Bhayi Ghanshayam Na Aaye (Lata Mangeshkar solot) had become very popular. S N Tripathi has also directed this film. We will listen to Naye Naye Rango Se Likhati Dharati Nayi Kahani (Manna Dey- Lyrics: Bharat Vyas) from this film.

The song is filmed as the poet recounts the lyrics of his poem form the dream-like sequence running in his mind. The pensive depth and dreamy softness of Manna Dey’s voice fully convey the mood of the song.

The year 1959 had another period film, Rani Rupmati. AA Laut Ke Aa Ja Mere Meet (Mukesh and Lata Mangeshkar’s solo twin versions), Baat Chalat Nayi Chnari Rang Dari (Mohammad Rafi, Pt. Krishnarao Chonkar classical duet), Ud Jaa Bhanwar Maayaa Ka Pinjara Tod Ke (A Manna Dey Claasic solo) are remembered as hugely popular songs. We have picked up Aankhon Mein Surma Dal Kar Jab Aayegi Dulhaniya (Usha Mangeshkar, Lyrics: Bharat Vyas), for which an audio version is available.

There is a very short video version too, which confirms that song has been filmed in a mujra style in the film.

1960

The year 1960 also has mixed bag in so far as popularity of the songs is concerned. S N Tripathi composed music for Chandramukhi, Do Aadami, Laal Quilla, Rani Chandravati (UR),  Sinahldeep Ki Sundari. And Veer Durgadas.

Mukesh solo Nain Ka Chain Chura Kar Le Gayi (Chandramukhi), two of Mohammad Rafi’s all-time-great solos, Lagata Nahin Hai Dil Mera Ujade  Dayaar Mein and Na Kisi Ka Aankha Ka Noot Hoon (Laal Quilla) and A Rajasthani folk-styled Lata Mangeshkar – Mukesh duet Thaane Kaajaraiyo Bana Loon (Veer Durgadas) remain very high landmarks of S N Tripathi’s career.

Chaandni Jhilmil Kare Taaron Bhari Ye Raat Hai – Chandramukhi (1960) – Sudha Malhotra, Lata Mangeshkar – Lyrics-Bharat Vyas

The suet song has been creatively used to manifest two opposing moods. Sudha Malhotra sings to an ebullient dancing mood to which Lata Mangeshkar reflects in a mood of pathos/

Piye Jaa Jaam e Ulfat Zindagi Mushqil Se Milti Hai -Veer Durgadas(1960) – Sudha Malhotra, Mubarak Begam – Lyrics-Bharat Vyas

This is a traditional courtesan dance wherein two courtesans try to please the king.

To explore the depth of variety in S N Tripathi’s compositions we have picked up two more songs from not-so-known films of 1960:

Bheegi Bheegi Mehki Mehki Raat Hai – Do Aadmi (1960)  – Geeta Dutt – Lyrics-Prem Dhawan

The song is set to a playful Mid-west-Asian tune. S N Tripathi has used five different female playback singers for five songs in the film. This song has Geeta Dutt, possibly because this  a song of seduction.

Ho Beenwaale Teen Sur Tere Been Ke Le Gaye Dil Mera Chheen Ke – Sinhaldweep ki Sundari (1960) – Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh – Lyrics: Bharat Vyas

What would have been the context in which this song which has a pungi / been and a beenwala in the center is not known, but the song does have a distinct folk effect in the composition.

We have picked one more song from the year 1957 and two from 1960 that fits into our tradition of ending each of the episode with Mohammad Rafi Song.

Dunia Mein Sab Kuch Paisa Hai Sab Paise Hi Ka Jalwa Hai – Khuda Ka Banda (1957) – with Amirbai Karnataki – Lyrics: Shewan Jarvchi

The official records do not positively confirm that singers are Mohammad Rafi and Amirbai, so I have relied on the information available with the uploaded version.

Nadi Kinare Koi Pukare … Pas Hamare Aa – Chandramukhi (1960) – with Geeta Dutt – Lyrics: Nharat Vyas

This is a beautiful folk-tune based duet, which I have heard for the first time.

San Sanan San San Sanan Chale Pawan, Jan Janana Jan Janana Zoome Pawan – Chandramukhi (1960)  – with Suman Kalyanpur– Lyrics: Bharat Vyas

I remember the song from my radio-listening days.

We will end our present episode here, to continue with listening to some more of unremembered songs of S N Tripathi next this month.

We will continue remembering Unforgettable Songs that seem to Fading away from our Memories every second Sunday of the month……..

Disclaimer: All images are sourced from net. All copyrights of the respective image remain with the original owner of the image.