Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – February, 2018

Welcome to February, 2018 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

We have chosen the theme –Dorian Shainin of Jim L. Smith’s three part article – Dorian Shainin’s Influence on Quality Professionals – for our February, 2018 episode.

Before we go the Jim Smith’s article(s) in details, let us first know a little more about Dorian Shainin and his method(s).

Dorian Shainin was one of quality’s most accomplished contributors, died January 7, 2000 at the age of 85. Shainin had acquired nearly 60 years’ experience improving the professional approach to industrial problem solving.. Among the awards bestowed upon Shainin are ASQ’s Brumbaugh Award, the Edwards Medal, the Eugene L. Grant Award and the Shewhart Medal. In 2003, ASQ established a medal to recognize the development of statistical methods for solving quality problems in products or services. The medal was named for Dorian Shainin. The medal is presented at the annual ASQ World Conference on Quality and Improvement. More information on the Shainin Medal is available @ asq.org/about-asq/awards/shainin.html.

Shainin wrote more than 100 articles and was the author or co-author of several books, including Managing Manpower in the Industrial Environment; Tool Engineers Handbook; Quality Control Handbook; New Decision-Making Tools for Managers; Quality Control for Plastics Engineers; Manufacturing, Planning, and Estimating Handbook; and Statistics In Action.

ShaininR : The Red XR Company – Shainin’s most significant contribution was his discovery of the Red X model of systems variation. The prevailing wisdom held that variation causes could be discovered and controlled until the system reached a state of statistical equilibrium. At that point, the remaining causes were believed to be random and undiscovered. Any further improvement would require a redesign of the system. However, Shainin found that by talking to the parts, he could find variation causes within stable systems. He concluded that Juran’s Pareto principle must apply to the causes of system variation. No matter how many causes had already been identified and controlled, among the remaining causes there must be one that contributed more to the overall variation than any other  – The Red X. He called this cause-effect relationship the Big Red X. To support his system Shainin created more than 20 engineering and statistical tools that aided in the search for the Red X.  Shainin followed three principles for solving variation problems:

  • There is always a Red X.
  • The fastest route to identifying the Red X is a progressive search using a process of elimination.
  • Talk to the parts with tools that are both rigorous and statistically simple.

Background on Shainin based problem solving –  Jo Moore – Real-life quality problems, just like people, are simultaneously different and the same. It is impossible to get a tough problem solved by just applying a pre-defined ‘cook book recipe’. Recognizing the distinctive characteristics of a problem is critical since the devil can lie in the detail… Problem solving is very much a human activity and reasoning has a prominent role in it… Erroneous beliefs and faulty reasoning can doom problem solving to failure… Lack of structure is another hurdle that can complicate problem solving activities. The circumstances in which tough problems have to be analyzed and solved is often not clear from the start… An effective approach takes all these aspects into account!… Statistical engineers, following the discipline developed by Shainin, solve problems by finding “what is different?”

Cause-to-effect versus effect-to-cause

For those who would prefer a brief introduction, the video clip – Shainin based problem solving | Philips Innovation Services – is a good source.

An Overview of the Shainin System TM for Quality Improvement – Stefan H. Steiner and R. Jock MacKay – The goal of this article is to provide an overview of SS, a critical assessment, and a brief comparison with other industrial problem solving systems.

Shainin method: edge over other DOE techniquesA.K. Verma ; A. Srividya ; A.V. Mannikar ; V.A. Pankhawala ; K.J. Rathanraj –  Shainin methods refer to a collection of principles, which make up the framework of a continually evolving approach to quality. After the classical design of experiments (DOE) and Taguchi DOE, the third approach is Shainin DOE, which is a collection of simple, but powerful techniques invented or perfected by Dorian Shainin of the United States. In this paper, three cases of Taguchi experiments have been taken from literature and the above method has been tried to find out whether the authors have got the positive results from their experiment. If not, authors emphasize on the importance of giving the check in the start of the experiment (screening experiment) with minimum number experiments prior to the Taguchi approach.

Another Look at Dorian Shainin’s Variable Search Technique – Tirthankar Dasgupta, Nagesh Adiga, C. F. Jeff Wu – The article provides an in-depth analysis of Shanin;s variable search  (VS) method.

Quality 2020 – A study by AIAG conducted in conjunction with Deloitte entitled Quality 2020 Report  – This study illustrates the Automotive Industry’s View of the Current State of Quality and a Strategic Path Forward : “OEMs and Suppliers both identify Problem Solving is their #1 most critical issue.” 

Dorian Shainin’s Influence on Quality Professionals ǁ Part II ǁ Part III : Shainin, like Juran who popularized “the vital few and trivial many” (also known as the Pareto Principle), came to realize that quality defects had an unequal frequency in that only a relative few accounted for most of the defects. This led to what he called the Red X, which he theorized was the primary cause of process and product problems. Shainin stressed “talking to parts” which consisted of swapping pairs of parts of functional and non-functional parts until the culprit was discovered. With the Shainin method there was a certain degree of a theoretical step, but mainly it was to determine possible causes of a problem. This was accomplished by one or more techniques designed to determine root cause or the Red X.

Why haven’t we heard much of Shainin’s methods since the Six Sigma/lean operations rage has taken hold? That’s not easy to pinpoint. One reason may be that users who are aware of his philosophies aren’t willing to accept product that’s “good enough.”

What came to be known as the Shainin System (SS) was developed for problem-solving in medium to high volume processes where data are readily available, statistical methods are widely used, intervention in the process is difficult, and ‘conformance to specification thinking’ was expected.

A hidden benefit of SS just might be that it prevents a lot of impulsive, poorly designed experiments which are wasteful and expensive. One reason why certain problems are unsolved is because people often take ineffective approaches. Their approach is usually based on a set of assumptions, tools and techniques that are less effective for solving tough, chronic quality problems.

In the current environment, the tendency is to focus on the complexity and not simplicity, The Shainin System, however, focuses on simplicity. We may be statistically more sophisticated, but is that what we really seek? I think not. As Leonardo DaVinci said, “Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.”

We conclude our discussion with a video clip we have an interview by Dr. ReVelle , of Continuous Improvement TV, of the founder and principal of Shainin Consultants, Inc., Dorian Shainin, about “Statistical Engineering,” his simple but extremely effective full factorial design of experiments.:

Gaining World Class Quality with Statistical Engineering

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up Josh Steimle’s article Focus On Outputs, Outcomes And Obstacles@ the column Measuring Performance (People & Enterprise) @ Management Matters Network, which discusses on the effect(s) of focusing on outputs, outcomes and obstacles as an integral part of the performance management system.  .

We now watch one of the latest ASQ TV  episodes:

Utilizing 5S in Everyday LIFE; ASQ member Alexander Tucker is a Chemist at Capsugel. While quality is important on the job, he has been using the 5S tool in his home life. You won’t stop smiling as he humorously recounts the ways he has organized his bathroom, planned trips to the grocery store and even trained his dog to be a quality canine.

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems postings for January, 2018 are:

  • Thoughts Influence Your Future:  No matter what you truly believe, when we focus our thoughts, we unleash tremendous energy working to achieve what we think about. When we choose to respond in positive and productive ways, it is relatively easy to predict or influence a positive, productive future – a future that we can essentially predict on a day-to-day basis.
  • Self-Awareness: The first thing is to realize that all meaningful and lasting change starts on the inside and works its way out! Therefore, if you want to be different than the way you are now, you must work on changing your self-awareness. You can use positive affirmations and visualizations to help, and once your self-awareness changes, you don’t have to work so hard to behave differently and success will come easier.

I look forward to your inputs / criticisms/ observations to enhance the utility of our Quality Management Blog Carnival.

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

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Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – January, 2018

Welcome to January, 2018 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

We recall film Samrat (1954) song Sabko Mubarak Naya Saal to open our January, 2018 account of the 6th year of our Film Song Blog Festival.

SoY has also presented It’s prose, It’s recitation, It’s a song to mark the New Year. The post has very simply presented dialogues delivered in a sing-song style, which was a characteristic of the Parsi theatre in which there was no clear distinction between dialogue-recitation-song. For example:

Tu Dil Ka Khuda Rooh Ka Kirdagaar by Mohammad Rafi (?) from Parda (1949) – Lyrics: Tanveer Naqvi, Music: Sharmaji – which HFGK lists it as a ‘song’.

The tributes in January, 2018:

Tum Kya Jaano Tumhari Yaad Mein: Lingering Melodies of the Versatile C RamchandraPeeyush Sharma pays tribute on 12th January 1918 being the 100th birth anniversary of the affable genius CR….Albela (1951) has a double role by Bhagwan, in which one of the roles was of an established singing theatre artist who inspires our hero Bhagwan to become a singing star. In the smaller role of the theatre artist it was Rafi lending his voice while Chitalkar was the voice of the hero when he hits stardom. This idea was borrowed by director, H.S. Rawail in Shararat, 1959 where he had two Kishore Kumars. Having one Kishore sing in his own voice (Hum matwale naujawan), he got the second Kishore sing, Ajab hai dastan teri ae zindagi, in Rafi’s voice……

Contrary to popular belief, Mohammed Rafi registered his first all India hit under CR’s music direction in Safar, 1946…. The song was Keh ke bhi na aaye tum, ab chhipne lage tareCR had the conviction to give Rafi two solos in the film and they worked well (other one was Ab wo hamare ho gaye, ikeraar karen ya na karen). Rafi’s next major hit too came from CR, next year in Saajan, in which the main attraction was the Rafi song, Humko tumhara hi aasra, tum hamare ho na ho. The song had already gained a hit status. It also had a duet version by Rafi with Lalita Dewoolkar.

Chitalkar Ramachandra Sings: Ten Songs – Unlike SD Burman’s instantly recognizable voice, Chitalkar’s was a little more elusive—to the average listener, he can be recognized at times, but more often than not, he sounds like someone else altogether…

The Greats: Geeta Bali – She was also the love of Shammi Kapoor’s life (you can listen to him talking about her here) – they met while acting in films like Miss Coca Cola and Coffee House, and fell in love with each other during the shooting of Rangeen Raatein.

Rahen Na Rahen Hum, Mehka Karenge . . . is a tribute to Suchitra Sen who was always in a league of her own and will remain so in the history of Indian cinema.

Poet and lyricist Neeraj: ‘Poetry has kept me intoxicated throughout my life’Aditya Sharma – Gopaldas Saxena ‘Neeraj’, who imparted his distinctive flavour to Hindi film songs in the late 1960s and early ’70s, turned 93 on January 4.

Neeraj (far right) at a recording with SD Burman (far left). Courtesy Milan Prabhat Gunjan.

Vijay Anand – A Committed Filmmaker – who knew the language of making of the film song and presented it in the form of very visual poetry:

N Dutta’s film tunes are not heard as widely but they should not be forgottenRudradeep Bhattacharjee – Amongst his earliest songs, Ab Woh Karam Karen Ki Sitam (Marine Drive); Yeh Baharaon Ka Sama (Milap) and Maine Chand Aur Sitaron Ki Tamanna Ki Thi (Chandrakanta, 1956) stand out…Remember the classic Tu Hindu Banega Na Musalman Banega ?. The same melody had been used by the composer earlier for Kya Kya Na Sitam Tujh Pe Huye (also sung by Rafi) in the lesser-known Nirupa Roy tear-jerker Mohini (1957).

Dattaram Naik with Mohammed Rafi. Courtesy : Roop Naik
N Datta with Asha Bhosle and the violinists

N Datta – A Tribute – N Datta was at home with classical based songs (though less in number) as well as club songs, where he used all the forms from Rock N Roll to Waltz. We have picked up a couple of representative songs in the end of our post. He has also composed patriotic songs, ‘Sare Jahan Se Achha‘ from Bhai Behen is one of the examples,

Talat Mahmood Was the First Voice of Shammi Kapoor not Mohd Rafi !!! in his movies like “Thokar”, “Memsahib”, “Naquaab”, “Sipah Salar”, “Mehbooba”, “Chor Bazaar”,”Laila Majnu” and “Mohar”

Lata sings for Chitragupt in what can be termed as an endless list of some of the sweetest songs. Here is one example:

Diwane Hum, Diwane Tum, Kise Khabar – Bezubaan (1962) – Lyrics: Prem Dhawan

The Great Biopics Of Bollywwod is a read on some of the greatest biographical movies made of time.

January, 2018 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs is dedicated to : Jaidev: Brilliant, But Underrated, Composer: Journey from 1955 to 1963.

And, now the posts on other subjects:

‘Toone Zindagi Me Ek Baar Pi’ – Bahadur Sohrabji Nanji has had a duet ‘Dekhoji Baat Suno Humse Tum Aan Milo’ with Mubarak Begum for M A Rauf composed movie Basera (1950)…. He played the Harmonium for Shankar Jaikishan for Seema (1955)’s song ‘Humen Bhi De Do Sahara Ki Besahare Hain’ and Dil Ek Mandir (1963)’s song ‘Yaad Na Jaaye Beete Dinon Ki’. He also played the piano for Seema’s song ‘Suno Chhoti Si Gudiya Ki Lambi Kahani’ and Organ for ‘Kahaan Jaa Raha Hai Tu Ae Jaane Waale’ …. He also worked with Roshan as assistant and arranger for 16 movies

Baar Baar Din Ye Aaye, Tum Jiyo Hazaaron Saal … is a list of some of the good birthday songs.

Of Whiners and Doormats – the predominant emotion here is either an exultation of their martyrdom or a deep mourning of their fates, to fit the twin (complementary) themes of self-abnegation and self-pity, like in a song:  Mujhko sahara denewale – Isi Ka Naam Duniya Hai (1962) – Asha Bhosle – Ravi – SH Bihari

Music Has No Boundaries: 7 Indian Songs That Became Huge International HitsSanchari Pal  – Jimikki Kammal isn’t the first song from India to become a global hit. These 7 Indian songs went viral across the globe before ‘going viral’ was a thing!

Returning To: Padmini’s Navarasa, Classical Dancing to Sia, and Bollywood Raag Yaman (plus) – The teacher in this video, Anuja Kamat, gives a detailed explanation about what makes these songs Raag Yaman, what notes and sequences Raag Yaman contains, and the variation called Raag Yaman Kalyan

Nuptials in Bollywood is an outstanding collection of songs of different hues the marriages in Hindi Films.

Looking for romance and finding RD Burman in ‘Jaane Ja’ from ‘Jawani Diwani’Nandini Ramnath says the song is a singing lesson from Kishore Kumar and Asha Bhosle.”As Vijay sings about hunting high and low for his beloved, Kumar’s voice climbs several octaves while Bhosle occupies the lower depths. Bhosle has barely any lines, but this is no Kishore Kumar solo. The singers are perfectly matched, proving Burman’s unmatched ability to orchestrate magic out of differently pitched voices, complex arrangements and wide-ranging musical instruments.”

In our series Micro View of Best Songs 1948 @SoY of Best songs of 1948: And the winners are? , during the month we have viewed  Male-Female Duets of Other Singers in Part I and II, Female-Female Duets and Male- Male Duets & Triads, Triads+

In our tradition of ending our post with article or topical song, I have picked up N Datta’s songs that manifest his virtuosity over western tunes:

Laal Gaal Jaan Ke Lagu, Chor Chor Bhag Pardesi Babu – Mr X (1957) – Majrooh Sultanpuri

One Two Three Four Dil Ka Tu Hai Chor – Black Cat (1959) – with Suman Kalyanpur – Jan Nissar Akhtar

I earnestly seek your suggestions / inputs / criticisms so as to make our Film Blog Festival more interesting and live.

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – January, 2018

Welcome to January, 2018 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

We open account of 6th year of our Blog Carnival with the present January, 2018 episode with Law of Opposites.

The first ever reference would naturally be to the Newton’s Third Law: To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction; or, the mutual actions of two bodies upon each other are always equal, and directed to contrary parts.

In respect of the applied sciences, the Principle of Opposites finds a very respectable and important mention on the Carl Jung’s treatises of Analytical Psychology. Jung described the operation of psyche in terms of three principles. He states that in terms of The Principle of Opposites, the energy of the psyche comes from the contrast between two opposite thoughts or desires, and then in terms of The Principle of Equivalence If you acknowledge your opposite thought, the energy is used to help your psyche grow; if you deny it, the energy goes into a complex that develops around an archetype.. This is followed by The Principle of Entropy, which in effect states that in the case of the psyche, as we grow older, extreme differences, such as masculine and feminine, become less extreme and we better acknowledge or “transcend” the opposite tendencies in us leading to a more balanced and stable personality….Thus, according to this model, the goal of life is to transcend the opposites within one’s psyche and develop a balanced personality or self, in which every aspect, conscious and unconscious, personal and collective, is expressed and harmonized.

The Law of Opposites, in the simple terms, states that no sooner will you call something into your reality than its exact opposite will also appear-and always first.

Law of OppositesDr. Mahboob Khan :  “Conversations with God” states, “The moment you declare anything, everything unlike it will come into the space.” This is known as the law of opposites.

The law of opposites presents the perfect opportunity for us to take full responsibility for our choices. All too often we choose the smaller choice, the painful yet comfortable choice, instead of pushing back on our craving.

So what is this law of opposites and why does it appear to conflict with the law of attraction, you may ask?  The law of opposites is simply providing a contextual field for our true desires to be experienced. We cannot know the joy and the power of stepping into a new creation without the resistance that this law provides.  Life is meant to be experienced, and the only way to do so is for the opposite of our desires to be present to show us the way. The application of this knowledge is crucial in overcoming addiction, obsessions, and compulsions. Why? It requires that one put faith in something outside of themselves. We must first believe that what is working for others can work for us. Then we have to put trust in something that is unseen.  When we experience the reward of this blind faith, we begin to build upon it.

Appreciating The Law of Opposites To Manifest What You Want … Here are seven tips:

  1. Bless the experience and say thank you.
  2. Be open to uncover any subconscious beliefs and programs potentially contributing to what you are experiencing that are ready to be healed, released, and replaced.
  3. Listen to your inner wisdom and guidance for clarity and perspective. It is the Gift of Wisdom that helps us to discern the difference between being up against a wall or at the entrance to a doorway.
  4. Allow your curiosity and wonder to guide you to a more joyful experience. Unleash the power of your imagination to dream of possibilities and opportunities on the horizon.
  5. Put your attention on all the gifts and blessings in your life. Gratitude is a powerful attitude shifter that moves us from a state of constriction to expansion.
  6. Remind yourself that the Law of Opposites exists to light the way to your desires. Monitor your thoughts and judgments so that you see and feel the truth rather than react to the story and illusion you are creating in your mind.
  7. Use your spiritual practices to stay connected to your heart and The Divine. Choose to do things that bring you joy. Reach out to the people who love and celebrate you.

The Important Law of Opposites .. Don’t be scared of what you don’t want…instead use it as a tool to get crystal clear on what you do want and start taking inspired action toward it.

The Law of Opposites—How Backward Thinking Can Change Your Life : The Law of Opposites says that I can always make a bad situation better by inputting positive energy into it as opposed to negative.

After these articles that explore various soft aspects of the Law of Opposites, we get a direct reference to the world of business:

Law 9 of The 22 Immutable Laws of Marketing : Law of opposite:

If you’re shooting for second place, your strategy is determined by the leader.

Leverage the leader’s strength into a weakness.

Don’t try to be better than the leader, try to be different. E.g. By offering ‘free’ voice and SMS bundled with 4G data, Reliance Jio threw out the pseudo-competition rule book the existing warlords of the mobile service arena in India.

Sounds correct although doesn’t apply to those who do have ambitions to overtake the leader (e.g. Excel killed Lotus 1-2-3 by being a better spreadsheet, not a different spreadsheet).

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up Maximizing Opportunity (Not Profits) Is The Name Of The Game @ the column The Drucker Perspective @ Management Matters Network, which provides a unique opportunity learn from business masterminds and become a more effective competitor.

We now watch one of the latest ASQ TV  episodes:

  • Quality and Technology talks about how quality and technology can be woven together. Author Sunil Kaushik has found ways to use virtual reality applications to enhance current processes. Bill Hathaway says agile process helps process design keep up with technological advances.

 + “Virtual Reality for Quality”, Sunil Kumar V. Kaushik, 2017

 + Full Interview with Bill Hathaway

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems postings for December, 2017 are:

  • Power To Achieve: Benjamin Franklin was the first to say, “By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.” Therefore, failure becomes the default option to success…Once we clearly commit to a specific target; our mind uses feedback, just like GPS, to keep us on track. This feedback, positive and negative, coming from our internal and external surroundings is used to adjust our behaviors and actions…It’s important to have a clear vision of your target. Once that’s done, set milestones to help you achieve your target, and assess your progress. Write your plan down so your path is well-defined but remain flexible
  • Self-fulfilling Prophecy: We cannot alter the situations because we have little control over what is happening; however, we can change how we react to it…The self-fulfilling prophecy, however, can be pointed in a different direction. Something as simple as a sincere greeting or a heartfelt smile can defuse tension – in you as well as in the receiver. It can also be very contagious!.. Be prepared for frustrations and challenges but meet them with a positive attitude.

I look forward to your inputs / criticisms/ observations to enhance the utility of our Quality Management Blog Carnival.

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – December, 2017

Welcome to December, 2017 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

December, 2017 in any case has several anniversary / birth dates of people connected with HFM.

This month, Shashi Kapoor bade farewell to this mundane world. That would have led to Muhammad Rafi’s birthday, in the presence of Shashi Kapoor in the heaven. The first time it happened in Yeh Dil Kisko Doon (music : Iqbal Qureshi, Lyrics: Qamar Jalalabadi) in 1963,  a black and white film by K Mishra, that had over half a dozen songs from Mohammad Rafi. Here are the duets:

I have recalled the solos at the end of the present post.

Here are some other tributes to Shashi Kapoor:

Some other December tributes:

Diip Kumar:

The Many Moods of Dilip Kumar – He was a fantastic actor, a man who was equally good at comedy and romance (if you don’t believe me, just watch Beimaan tore nainwa from Tarana) as he excelled at the intense, angst-ridden characters he so often played.

Naushad:

  • Always Aashiqana With Naushad Ali’s Music presents some of the gems on the maestro’s birth anniversary (25 December)
  • Aawaz De Kahaan Hai: The Golden Music of Naushad – Naushad’s destiny was written in music, by music to be dedicated to music. Peeyush Sharma, in ‘Silhouette’ pays tribute with a glimpse of his musical journey.
  • NAUSHAD-Once All of India was crazy about his Melodies. – This master composer first made both Mukesh (Andaz) and Talat Mahmood (Babul) sound surpassingly individualistic on Dilip Kumar He was, near clandestinely, getting Mohammed Rafi ready for the big leap. From his first Anmol Ghadi solo, Tera khilauna toota baalak (1946), to O door ke musafir on Dilip Kumar in Uran Khatola (1955), Rafi came a long, long way, once the Baiju Bawra (above) miracle happened in 1952..

Noor Jehan:

My Favourites by Shailendra (30 Aug 1927 – 14 Dec 1966), who worked with nearly all music directors ( exceptions being Naushad & O P Nayyar).

Remembering Meena Kapoor, who passed away on 23rd of November 2017. Meena’s last playback singing was for the movie ‘Chhoti Chhoti Baatein’ that was released in 1965 and was also Anil da’s last film as a music director.

Chalte Chalte Mere Yeh Geet Yaad Rakhna: Bappi Lahiri’s Melodious Hits – On 27th November this year Bappi da turns 65. Also, with his first film, Nanha Shikari, released in 1973, he has completed 45 years in this industry as a music director. Peeyush Sharma takes us on a trip down his memorable songs.

Google remembered Mirza Ghalib on 27th December.

Who is Mirza Ghalib, featured on today’s Google Doodle?

Mirza Ghalib’s 220th birth anniversary: Google Doodle pays tribute to legendary poet

Here are some more posts on this occasion:

Mohammad Rafi has a special place in December on this blog:

We have two parts episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs for December, 2017 in the memory of Mohammad Rafi. In the series of articles featuring Mohammad Rafi’s Solo Song from FIRST film with the Music Director, we have covered years 1952-1953, after having covered years 1950-1951 earlier this month and year 1949 earlier this year of the 2nd five-year-slot of 1949 to 1953.

And then, we have –

And, now the posts on other subjects:

My Favourite Lullaby Songs – one of the first popular lullby songs from a Hindi movie is ‘So Ja Rajkumari So Ja‘ sung by K L Saigal from Zindagi-1940 (Music by Pankaj Malik). The song is still considered to be an ultimate lori

Ravindra Kelkar has presented three more posts on O P Nayyar @ SoY:

Raj Kapoor: ‘I dream cinema, I breathe cinema and I live cinema’Ritu Nanda – An excerpt from a compilation of writings by and about the legendary actor and filmmaker.

Beauties bond over baubles in ‘Mann Kyun Behka’ from ‘Utsav’Nandini Ramnath – Rekha and Anuradha Patel are visions to behold in the Laxmikant-Pyarelal song from Girish Karnad’s movie.

Ten of my favourite ‘Unusual Singer’ songs, which means:

(a) That it’s the person who’s lip-syncing to the song (and not the playback singer) who’s unusual…

(b) and unusual because the actor in question is a well-known face, but doesn’t usually lip-sync to songs.

“Nazar Lagi Tore Bangle Par” and Zarina Begum, who was a protégé of Begum Akhtar.  Both famously sung a version of “Nazar Lagi Tore Bangle Par” that predated the one in Kala Pani.

In our series Micro View of Best Songs 1948 @SoY of Best songs of 1948: And the winners are? , we completed the third part of Lata Mangeshkar solo songs, and then summed the Female Solo Songs for 1948 with  My Top Female Solo Songs and then went on to take up Male- female Duets in the Duets section. We covered the male female duets of Mukesh as well as those of  Mohammad Rafi. SoY has concluded the series with Best songs of 1948: Wrap Up 3 and Best songs of 1948: Final Wrap Up 4.

We have placed the articles paying tributes to Mohammad Rafi in the space for the tributes here before in the present article. So we will take up two songs of Mohammad Rafi, form the first film he played back solo for Shashi Kapoor to begin the end of the article:

Ye Dil Kiso Dun – Ye Dil Kisko Dun (1963) – Iqbal Quereshi – Qamar Jalalabadi

Mera Dil Tum Pe Aa Gaya., Mere Pahlu Se Dil Gaya – Ye Dil Kisko Dun (1963) – Iqbal Quereshi – Qamar Jalalabadi

The Christmas Celebration in Hindi Films’ picks up the rare, ddelightful Christian characters, which always brought a smile on our lips.

On that note of festive smile, I wish you all a very HAPPY & PRPOSPEROUS 2018 that keeps providing rich music to your Life.

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – December, 2017

Welcome to December, 2017 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

With our last issue for 2017, we will have opportunity to celebrate completing 5 years of the Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs. Howsoever retrospect I may, I will confine that analysis for myself so as to help chart the course this blog carnival chart in 2018. That leads to me search for Trends To Look for in 2018 and set it up as the topic for our December, 2017 issue.

5 Quality Management Trends To Watch Out For In 2018:

Trend #1: Quality is omnipresent

Trend # 2: Manage quality as project

Trend # 3: Quality as a strategic tool

Trend # 4: Sustainability and Quality management

Trend # 5: Quality Management is SMAC – Social Media, Mobility, Analytics & Cloud-ked

The Leading Quality Management Trends For 2018 also reflects a similar thought process:

  • Quality management will become universal
  • Quality management will be implemented as a project
  • Quality will be used as a strategic tool
  • Social media integration in quality initiatives
  • Internet of Things implementation in quality initiatives
  • Quality management and sustainability will be integrated
  • Cloud-based quality management system

We now broad-base our look:

Top 5 Trends For Marketers And Entrepreneurs In 2018

  1. We are in an experience economy. Antiquated rules of engagement no longer apply.
  2. In the age of experience, EVERYONE is a customer.
  3. We are in an era of purposeful business driven by collaboration, inclusion, and the notion of leaving the world a better place. Empathy is the NEW BLACK.
  4. Stop worrying about Artificial Intelligence. Start focusing on Augmented Intelligence – where man’s abilities will be enhanced by machine learning and cognitive technology.
  5. Don’t just be smart. Be emotionally intelligent – As Simon Sinek told us all this year, it is much more important today to focus on the why and who as opposed to the what.

Top 10 Manufacturing Trends For 2018 – According to a recent IQMS survey, to 92% of manufacturers say product quality defines their success in the eyes of their customers.  56% of manufacturers find their customers most frequently demand short notice production capabilities as a value-added service. 50% define their success by their ability to meet on-time deliveries consistently… Expect manufacturing trends for 2018 to focus on meeting and exceeding those challenges with the best product quality possible to drive the most efficient path to higher growth:

  1. 2018 is going to be a pivotal year in manufacturing software usability.
  2. Demand for manufacturing engineering, business analysts capable of xinterpreting operational data, and data scientists who are familiar with manufacturing will skyrocket.
  3. Despite the many fears that robotics will take jobs, in 2018 robots will be given repetitive, manual tasks freeing up engineering and production teams’ time for more cognitive, valuable tasks.
  4. Nascent technologies including collaborative robots, 3D printing, virtual reality and voice-activation assistants will be piloted next year with broad adoption by 2021.
  5. Industry 4.0 and smart factories will win more converts in 2018 driven by the need to improve product quality and enable more efficient strategies for attaining compliance.
  6. OEE and traditional metrics of manufacturing performance will go through a transformation due to real-time monitoring and predictive analytics.
  7. Reducing global supply chain risk through by more effective quality management strategies, compliance programs, and supplier collaboration will become a strategic priority.
  8. The Internet of Things (IoT) hype of having a sensor on literally everything on a shop floor will give away to unique use cases where millions of dollars of savings are attained and higher accuracy levels achieved.
  9. Manufacturing Intelligence will emerge as the system of record, providing a wealth of data to drive more efficient production operations.
  10. The combination of new on-premise, hosted and cloud-based manufacturing applications will make integration a critical success factor for manufacturing in 2018.

The Top Business Trends To Look Out For in 2018

  • The arrival of Augmented Intelligence – Augmented intelligence is, for many industries, a fundamental part of work. Instead of replacing productive workers, technology at this stage is being used to amplify performance.
  • Artificial Intelligence moves to the mainstream – Artificial intelligence has been democratized…..AI is still in its infancy so job loss for most people is negligible. And it’s likely to stay that way for at least the next decade. That’s good news for most people because it means they won’t be replaced, at least until…
  • Automation achieves dramatic growth – Automation, driven by AI and advanced hardware, is set to disrupt work as we know it. We’re automating traditional jobs out of existence on a daily basis.
  • The end of quality, the rise of the experience economy – Quality is a given. It’s not something you’re rewarded or recognized for. It’s expected, but its an afterthought. People want companies to provide a consistently wonderful experience from beginning to end. The good news is, if the experience and values are there, customers are willing to spend more.
  • The brick and mortar apocalypse-trends are accelerating as businesses struggle to adapt to the new paradigm(s).
  • Values over the bottom line – Shared values have always been important to customers. The expectation and demand for these values continue to grow. Customers expect you to understand what matters most to them. Then, they expect you to use that data to capture their attention and improve their wellbeing.
  • The frightful 5 monopoly – We’re addicted to the frightful five – Google, Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Microsoft. They’ve created an ecosystem that’s filled with your friends, family and favorites. They’ve created a business model around two specific ingredients – constrained relationships and dedicated relationships. Constrained relationships use pain to keep us connected. Regret avoidance, loss aversion and a desire for control keep us locked in. Dedicated relationships rely on shared values, benevolence, integrity and competence. The intangible details motivate us to stay. These frightful 5 have embedded them deeper into these cues.
  • Blockchain everything – In essences, blockchain is a different way to process transactions or records. Like a shared document that can be recorded and remembered several different ways. Blockchain is emerging in healthcare as well as financial tech. And no matter the fate of Bitcoin as a currency, blockchain will be here to stay. This is an excellent primer about how blockchain works and its underlying technology.

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up the two-part article, Crafting & Executing Strategy: Part 1 and Part 2 @ the column The Drucker Perspective @ Management Matters Network.

For Peter F. Drucker, strategic thinking was not a mechanistic set of rules but a process of thinking through the organization’s purpose and objectives.  According to Drucker, executives in organizations of all kinds and sizes must start by systematically asking themselves three questions:

  • How do we make our present organization more effective?
  • How do we identify and realize the organization’s potential for growth?
  • How do we make our existing organization into a different organization for a different future?

Said Drucker: “Each of these questions requires a distinct approach… Each asks different questions… Each comes out with different conclusions… Yet they [are] inseparable…

The remainder of this two part article focuses on the question “what should our business be?”

ASQ CEO, Bill Troy section does not have anything of interest at present.

We now watch one of the latest ASQ TV  episodes:

  • Quality Gurus :  In this episode of ASQTV, we’ll look back at six thought leaders who changed the quality landscape.

“Guru Guide”, QP, 2010

  • Auditing Process-Based Quality Management Systems (Part 1 of 2) and (Part 2of 2) – Learn the basics of internal quality auditing and process auditing directly from Jack West and Charles Cianfrani, co-authors of How to Audit the Process-Based QMS, Second Edition. Part 1 covers the following topics:
  • What is an audit?
  • How to prepare for an audit
  • How to plan an audit

Part 2 focuses on how to conduct an audit and prepare an audit report.

  • Root Cause Analysis for Beginners (Part 1 of 2) and (Part 2 0f 2) – Jim Rooney, an ASQ Fellow and quality veteran with more than 30 years’ experience in numerous industries, walks through the basics of root cause analysis in this two-part webcast series.

From Quality Magazine, we pick up three articles that are more in alignment with the main topic of the present episode:

  • 2017: A Year of Transitions in ISO-related StandardsAaron Troschinetz – The most important thing is not to simply meet the requirements but to identify how and why the requirements work to make organizations better.
  • A Paradigm Shift to a Culture of QualityChuck Cimalore – Manufacturing professionals in quality assurance and process improvement are not new to understanding the importance of quality. However, do they know the difference to be made in creating a culture of quality with regards to driving the policies, practices, and processes needed to accomplish an organization’s work? Developing a culture of quality begins with embodying core values: guiding philosophies, behaviors, and attitudes that, when combined, contribute to day-to-day operations.
  • The Next Generation of Manufacturing ProfessionalsEdward McMenamin – Recruitment, diversity and outreach are key to filling the manufacturing jobs of the future.

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems posting for November, 2017 is Today. – Looking forward to next month, or even next year, what actions will you wishes you had already taken? Now, today, is your chance to change each of them from a future wish into the present reality…Today, the future is yours to write so be the author of your destiny.

It is on that note that we end 2017 and look forward to a more meaningful 2018.

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – November, 2017

Welcome to November, 2017 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

November, 2017 – month of a century+10 birth day of Prthviraj Kapoor and passing away of a noted thumri and khayal exponent Girija Devi.

Remembering Prithviraj Kapoor on His Birthday – the Dubsmash Way – Prithviraj Kapoor was honored with the Padma Bhushan in 1969 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1971.

Clockwise: From Top Right: Aawara (1951), Mughal-e-Azam (1960), Sikandar (1941)

No Singer Like Girija Devi Will Ever Be Born: Pandit Jasraj 

The Depth of Girija Devi’s Fluid Notes Will Continue to Anchor the Memory of Banaras by Navina Jafa – The energy that buoyed Girija Devi’s creativity as well as her magical execution of thumri and khayal emerged out of the mehfils.

Credit: Still from the documentary Girija Devi: A Lifetime in Music by Madhu Chandra, Debapriya Adhikary and Samanwaya Sarkar

We remember here her most famous rendering: Ras Ke Bhare Tore Nain: Raag Bhairavi

We will now take up tribute posts:

Shyama, the Impish Girl in the Dungarees, Is No MoreKaran Bali

There was magic whenever Geeta Dutt lent her voice for Shyama. This vibrant singer and exuberant actress complemented each other perfectly through several films like Shrimatiji.

5 Roles That Could’ve Changed Sanjeev Kumar’s Destiny as an Actor are those of Mirza Ghalib (in Mirza Ghalib, 1988); B V Pradhan in Saaransh (1984); Jailer Raghuvir Sinh in Kaalia (1981); Gabbar / Veeru in Shlay (1973) and Rana Bhojraj in Meera (1979).

‘Who’s Chitragupta?’ Only the Hindi film music composer of numerous forgotten gemsRudradeep Bhattacharjee – A reassessment of the composer, whose birth centenary falls on November 16, is long overdue.

[N.B.: I have picked up a two random, less heard, Mohammad Rafi songs, at the end of our present episode.]

Chitragupt- A Tribute also has picked a few rare songs:

Suna Hai Jab Se Mousam- Ramudada (1961) Kamal Barot / Lyrics- Prem Dhawan

Gori Tori Banki Chitwan Mein – Aadhi Raat Ke Baad (1965) Manna Dey / Lyrics- Prem Dhawan

The Uncommon Roshan – What sets legendary composer Roshan apart from his peers? What – if any – is the hallmark of his compositions? What makes him so different and so intriguing? Monica Kar takes a look.

A 16th November, 2015 article of Peeyush SharmaThe Magic of the Melodies of Roshan and Chitragupt – does not merely connect up Roshan and Chitrgupt through 16th November, respectively death anniversary and birth date….

Actor, producer, novelist and raconteur: Archival documentary reveals Prem Nath’s many roles : ‘Amar Prem Nath- Last of the Titans’ has been directed by his son, Monty Nath, and is being screened on Zee Classic…… Kalicharan (1976) contains a meta-moment: as the characters played by Prem Nath and Ajit play a game of chess, a police officer’s portrait hangs in the background. The figure in the painting is Prem Nath’s father.

Remembering Ghulam Haider on his Death anniversary is all-round memoir of Ghulam Mohammad’s major songs.

Remembering AMJAD KHAN on his 77th Birth Anniversary through his iconic dialogues.

Lata Sings For RD has a few less remembered songs: like, Din jaa rahe hain raaton ke saaye :Doosri Sita (1974) – Lyrics: Gulzar

The November 2017 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs was dedicated to Salil Chowdhury’s Hindi Film Songs in Other Languages.

Here are posts on other subjects as well:

Percussion Discoveries: Kathak Bols Can Be Great Just for Listening, and I Have Finally Found a Queen of the Dholak! – The path of discovery takes us from LP recording of SItara Devi to 1951 film Dholak’s song Mausam Aya Hai Rangeen, in which dholak is being played all female cast (on the screen). The hunt for a real female dholak player does not find any result from India or Pakistan or the UK or the U.S.A. It lands up at some place closer to the countries in the Western hemisphere that obviously influenced the Latin-flavored jazz within that song from the film Dholak. Her name is Chantal (referred to at different times, I see, as Chantal Mangal or Chantal Khaderoe), and she is from the Caribbean – specifically, Suriname. She is seen performing @ Sarnami khana pakana and a live Baithak Gana. YT search leads to a couple of more performances – here and here.

Bol Ri Kathputli: Personifying the Puppet Perfectly – Among the memorable dances picturised in Hindi films, Bol Ri Kathputli from Kathputli (1957) is an innovation in terms of choreography and music. Anand Desai and Antara Nanda Mondal explore the finer nuances of this exuberant story of the puppet personified by Vyjayanthimala, written by Shailendra, composed by Shankar Jaikishan and sung by Lata Mangeshkar.

Folk Dances in Bollywood’ presents some popular folk dances of Bollywood.

Merchant Ivory classic ‘Shakespeare Wallah’ restored, to have limited re-release along with 29 other Merchant-Ivory productions.

And They Made Classics – Director-Writer Duo of Bimal Roy and Nabendu GhoshAntara Nanda Mondal – Directed by Ratnottama Sengupta, And They Made Classics goes behind-the-scenes through an interview with Nabendu Ghosh that was taken in 2005 where he talks about his association with Bimal Roy. The film explores behind the scenes stories about the casting, the arguments, the reactions, the way they worked, along with clips, stills, documents.

[N.B.: Antara Nanda Mondal had published Nabendu Ghosh: The Master of Screen Writing on 26th March, 2016 to commemorate the birth centenary of Nabendu Ghosh.]

The Story of Babul mora naihar chhooto hi jaye-The Queen of Thomris is historical narrative of The Famous thoomari, with video clips of different versions.

RD Burman and His LyricistsPeeyush Sharma and Antara Nanda Mondal take us through a journey of discovering and enjoying gold nuggets of RD Burman’s music created with some of the most prolific lyricists he worked with.

‘Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai’ from ‘Guide’ is an ode to life – In Vijay Anand’s 1965 film, Waheeda Rehman finally let rips after a lifetime of sorrow and neglect.

S D Burman’s Love and Hate for Lata traces some of S D Burman’s great Lata Songs

Madhubala, As Anarkali, Unveiled In Madame Tussauds Delhi

My Favourite ‘EYE’ Songs lists songs that describe a certain quality of the eyes, it can be romantic, naughty, sad, quiet, magical, frightened or just beautiful!

Incomplete Films: Ek Tha Raja Ek Thi Rani

Ek Tha Raja Ek Thi Rani saw Nargis paired opposite Kishore Kumar for the first time, a most unusual pairing. The film, written by Inder Raj Anand, had them both in double roles, in a tale of mistaken identities

Controversy in Bollywood Films  discusses some of those Bollywood films which made controversy at the time of their release.

Is that really a lesbian moment in ‘Khwab Bankar Koi Aayega’ from ‘Razia Sultan’? – Kamal Amrohi’s historical is chiefly remembered for its soundtrack, which includes a daring clinch between Hema Malini and Parveen Babi

There is Always a Story Behind a Great Song bring forward some of these interested inside stories to the readers.

In our series Micro View of Best Songs 1948 @SoY of Best songs of 1948: And the winners are?, we continued with the posts on Female Solo Songs. Having heard Suraiya, Geeta Dutt, Shamshad Begum and Raajkumari, we explored solos songs of Surnder Kaur, Other Female Singers and the 1st of 3 parts of Lata Mangeshkar solos.

We will begin the end of the present post with a post on The 11 Emotions of Mohammad Rafi which has presented Mohammad Rafi’s ‘ability to express the emotions which make up different slices of life across 11 different Ras (emotions).

We will also listen to two of the great but receded-from-the-memory-songs of Chitragupt:

Dharati Aaazad Hai Aaasmaan Aazad Hai – Sindbad The Sailor (1952)

Itni Badi Duniya Jahan Itna Bada MelaToofan Mein Pyar Kahaan (1963) – Prem Dhawan

I trust you will always feel free to proffer your suggestions for making this series of posts more lively and informative….

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – November, 2017

Welcome to November, 2017 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

Our topic for November, 2017 is Design Thinking.

We had noticed the subject in our previous episode in an article Apply Design Thinking to Quality Practices.

I have exhaustively drawn excerpts from Prem Ranganath’s article The Art of Quality, which states that Design Thinking is an opportunity to humanize quality and continuous improvement.

As may be seen in the above Visual from IDEO as a reference, traditionally quality and continuous improvement initiatives are largely driven by viability and feasibility considerations. Integrating design thinking with improvement initiatives brings the ‘human’ element into focus, by driving conversation on ‘desirability’ of the solutions being proposed for implementation.

This Visual shows the integration of a Design Thinking flow represented by the steps Empathize, Define, Ideate, Prototype and Test with the DMAIC approach for continuous improvement. Integration of design thinking methods adopt a humanized approach to characterizing (challenges and opportunities) current state.

Design Thinking was popularized by David M. Kelley and Tim Brown of IDEO and Roger Martin of the Rotman School. A very good, short video on the topic was recently published by the Harvard Business Review blog . For a more detailed explanation please read the paper, “Design for Action” written by Brown and Martin.

As stipulated by a paper recently published by Creativity At Work, “Design Thinking is a methodology used by designers to solve complex problems, and find desirable solutions for clients. A design mindset is not problem-focused; it is solution focused and action oriented towards creating a preferred future. Design Thinking draws upon logic, imagination, intuition, and systemic reasoning, to explore possibilities of what could be—and to create desired outcomes that benefit the end user (the customer)”.

The three major stages of Design Thinking are:

  1. Observe customer behavior; define unarticulated needs
  2. Ideate, Prototype, experiment and test
  3. Bring the new concept to life; open new markets

What differentiates Design Thinking from traditional Voice of Customer collection approaches is the emphasis placed on observation of behaviors rather than relying on customers’ input to satisfaction surveys.

Michael Sabah has curated several articles on the subject – Design Thinking: Get a Quick Overview of the History; DESIGN THINKING | methods & tools; How Design Thinking will fix Design Thinking; Prototyping in Design Thinking: How to Avoid Six Common Pitfalls

Why is Design a CEO Matter? – Tim Brown – CEO of IDEO – In order to compete today, CEOs need evolutionary skills that will ensure their survival in a fast-changing climate. Business fitness now means learning how to be agile, resilient, and creative. It means adapting to the marketplace in quick generational cycles. That requires a brave new brand of leadership, and from our vantage point, as we work alongside companies young and old from around the globe, it requires being able to think like a designer.

A few videos to better understand the concept:

Design Thinking – Tim Brown, CEO and President of IDEO

‘What Is Design Thinking?’ gives better understanding of what design thinking is all about.

How It Works: Design Thinking – For more information on IBM Design Thinking, please visit: http://www.ibm.com/design

Stages of Design Thinking

Stanford Webinar – Design Thinking = Method, Not Magic – In this webinar Bill Burnett, consulting assistant professor and master in design thinking at Stanford University, as he shares three barriers organizations face when adopting an innovative culture and how to overcome them.

ABC Nightline – IDEO Shopping Cart – In 1999, ABC’s Nightline tried to describe IDEO’s approach by commissioning us to design a better shopping cart, and filmed the entire process. 17+ years later, the video is still shown in classrooms across the globe as a lesson in design thinking and team collaboration.

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up one article The 4 Dos Of Change Management @ the column Effective Management @ Management Matters Network.

  1. Build a business case – Spell out why change is needed.
  2. Communicate the changes systematically – share the right things with the right people at the right time, or there is great risk of inadvertently rev up the rumor mill
  3. Mobilize your employees from the onset – When employees feel involved, they’re more invested in and supportive of the effort—and less likely to offer resistance.
  4. Roll out in phases and celebrate small wins

The reality is that change is happening all around us all the time, leaving us with two choices: embrace it to get ahead of it and manage it proactively, or resist it and let it drag us to our fate.

ASQ CEO, Bill Troy section does not have anything of interest at present.

For the present, we continue with the practice of picking up one article form ASQ.org site: Forward Progress – Looking back at quality’s evolution over the past 50 years and seeing where the movement is headed:

We now watch one of the latest ASQ TV  episodes:

  • EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION USING QUALITY TOOLS – Sam Yankelevitch, CEO, Xpress Lingo Solutions, discusses the importance of using quality tools to improve invisible processes like communication to positively impact our physical processes.

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems for the month of October, 2017:

  • Dissatisfaction : It is easy to look for others to blame for our failures, discontent and dissatisfaction. Maybe that’s part of our human frailty. The alternative is to choose to embrace our failures, fully own them and be responsible for our own dissatisfaction. The result is that our willingness to own it will make it go away.
  • Quality and Lean Partnership must be linked. The purpose of quality has always been to concentrate on the process and identify sources of variation, control or eradicate them, and provide the customer, as much as is possible, product they are willing to purchase. Lean, Six Sigma, or for that matter any tool, must take this role of quality management into consideration.

I look forward to your active participation in enriching the blog carnival as we pursue our journey in exploring the happenings across quality management blogs…………

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.