Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – November, 2017

Welcome to November, 2017 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

November, 2017 – month of a century+10 birth day of Prthviraj Kapoor and passing away of a noted thumri and khayal exponent Girija Devi.

Remembering Prithviraj Kapoor on His Birthday – the Dubsmash Way – Prithviraj Kapoor was honored with the Padma Bhushan in 1969 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1971.

Clockwise: From Top Right: Aawara (1951), Mughal-e-Azam (1960), Sikandar (1941)

No Singer Like Girija Devi Will Ever Be Born: Pandit Jasraj 

The Depth of Girija Devi’s Fluid Notes Will Continue to Anchor the Memory of Banaras by Navina Jafa – The energy that buoyed Girija Devi’s creativity as well as her magical execution of thumri and khayal emerged out of the mehfils.

Credit: Still from the documentary Girija Devi: A Lifetime in Music by Madhu Chandra, Debapriya Adhikary and Samanwaya Sarkar

We remember here her most famous rendering: Ras Ke Bhare Tore Nain: Raag Bhairavi

We will now take up tribute posts:

Shyama, the Impish Girl in the Dungarees, Is No MoreKaran Bali

There was magic whenever Geeta Dutt lent her voice for Shyama. This vibrant singer and exuberant actress complemented each other perfectly through several films like Shrimatiji.

5 Roles That Could’ve Changed Sanjeev Kumar’s Destiny as an Actor are those of Mirza Ghalib (in Mirza Ghalib, 1988); B V Pradhan in Saaransh (1984); Jailer Raghuvir Sinh in Kaalia (1981); Gabbar / Veeru in Shlay (1973) and Rana Bhojraj in Meera (1979).

‘Who’s Chitragupta?’ Only the Hindi film music composer of numerous forgotten gemsRudradeep Bhattacharjee – A reassessment of the composer, whose birth centenary falls on November 16, is long overdue.

[N.B.: I have picked up a two random, less heard, Mohammad Rafi songs, at the end of our present episode.]

Chitragupt- A Tribute also has picked a few rare songs:

Suna Hai Jab Se Mousam- Ramudada (1961) Kamal Barot / Lyrics- Prem Dhawan

Gori Tori Banki Chitwan Mein – Aadhi Raat Ke Baad (1965) Manna Dey / Lyrics- Prem Dhawan

The Uncommon Roshan – What sets legendary composer Roshan apart from his peers? What – if any – is the hallmark of his compositions? What makes him so different and so intriguing? Monica Kar takes a look.

A 16th November, 2015 article of Peeyush SharmaThe Magic of the Melodies of Roshan and Chitragupt – does not merely connect up Roshan and Chitrgupt through 16th November, respectively death anniversary and birth date….

Actor, producer, novelist and raconteur: Archival documentary reveals Prem Nath’s many roles : ‘Amar Prem Nath- Last of the Titans’ has been directed by his son, Monty Nath, and is being screened on Zee Classic…… Kalicharan (1976) contains a meta-moment: as the characters played by Prem Nath and Ajit play a game of chess, a police officer’s portrait hangs in the background. The figure in the painting is Prem Nath’s father.

Remembering Ghulam Haider on his Death anniversary is all-round memoir of Ghulam Mohammad’s major songs.

Remembering AMJAD KHAN on his 77th Birth Anniversary through his iconic dialogues.

Lata Sings For RD has a few less remembered songs: like, Din jaa rahe hain raaton ke saaye :Doosri Sita (1974) – Lyrics: Gulzar

The November 2017 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs was dedicated to Salil Chowdhury’s Hindi Film Songs in Other Languages.

Here are posts on other subjects as well:

Percussion Discoveries: Kathak Bols Can Be Great Just for Listening, and I Have Finally Found a Queen of the Dholak! – The path of discovery takes us from LP recording of SItara Devi to 1951 film Dholak’s song Mausam Aya Hai Rangeen, in which dholak is being played all female cast (on the screen). The hunt for a real female dholak player does not find any result from India or Pakistan or the UK or the U.S.A. It lands up at some place closer to the countries in the Western hemisphere that obviously influenced the Latin-flavored jazz within that song from the film Dholak. Her name is Chantal (referred to at different times, I see, as Chantal Mangal or Chantal Khaderoe), and she is from the Caribbean – specifically, Suriname. She is seen performing @ Sarnami khana pakana and a live Baithak Gana. YT search leads to a couple of more performances – here and here.

Bol Ri Kathputli: Personifying the Puppet Perfectly – Among the memorable dances picturised in Hindi films, Bol Ri Kathputli from Kathputli (1957) is an innovation in terms of choreography and music. Anand Desai and Antara Nanda Mondal explore the finer nuances of this exuberant story of the puppet personified by Vyjayanthimala, written by Shailendra, composed by Shankar Jaikishan and sung by Lata Mangeshkar.

Folk Dances in Bollywood’ presents some popular folk dances of Bollywood.

Merchant Ivory classic ‘Shakespeare Wallah’ restored, to have limited re-release along with 29 other Merchant-Ivory productions.

And They Made Classics – Director-Writer Duo of Bimal Roy and Nabendu GhoshAntara Nanda Mondal – Directed by Ratnottama Sengupta, And They Made Classics goes behind-the-scenes through an interview with Nabendu Ghosh that was taken in 2005 where he talks about his association with Bimal Roy. The film explores behind the scenes stories about the casting, the arguments, the reactions, the way they worked, along with clips, stills, documents.

[N.B.: Antara Nanda Mondal had published Nabendu Ghosh: The Master of Screen Writing on 26th March, 2016 to commemorate the birth centenary of Nabendu Ghosh.]

The Story of Babul mora naihar chhooto hi jaye-The Queen of Thomris is historical narrative of The Famous thoomari, with video clips of different versions.

RD Burman and His LyricistsPeeyush Sharma and Antara Nanda Mondal take us through a journey of discovering and enjoying gold nuggets of RD Burman’s music created with some of the most prolific lyricists he worked with.

‘Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai’ from ‘Guide’ is an ode to life – In Vijay Anand’s 1965 film, Waheeda Rehman finally let rips after a lifetime of sorrow and neglect.

S D Burman’s Love and Hate for Lata traces some of S D Burman’s great Lata Songs

Madhubala, As Anarkali, Unveiled In Madame Tussauds Delhi

My Favourite ‘EYE’ Songs lists songs that describe a certain quality of the eyes, it can be romantic, naughty, sad, quiet, magical, frightened or just beautiful!

Incomplete Films: Ek Tha Raja Ek Thi Rani

Ek Tha Raja Ek Thi Rani saw Nargis paired opposite Kishore Kumar for the first time, a most unusual pairing. The film, written by Inder Raj Anand, had them both in double roles, in a tale of mistaken identities

Controversy in Bollywood Films  discusses some of those Bollywood films which made controversy at the time of their release.

Is that really a lesbian moment in ‘Khwab Bankar Koi Aayega’ from ‘Razia Sultan’? – Kamal Amrohi’s historical is chiefly remembered for its soundtrack, which includes a daring clinch between Hema Malini and Parveen Babi

There is Always a Story Behind a Great Song bring forward some of these interested inside stories to the readers.

In our series Micro View of Best Songs 1948 @SoY of Best songs of 1948: And the winners are?, we continued with the posts on Female Solo Songs. Having heard Suraiya, Geeta Dutt, Shamshad Begum and Raajkumari, we explored solos songs of Surnder Kaur, Other Female Singers and the 1st of 3 parts of Lata Mangeshkar solos.

We will begin the end of the present post with a post on The 11 Emotions of Mohammad Rafi which has presented Mohammad Rafi’s ‘ability to express the emotions which make up different slices of life across 11 different Ras (emotions).

We will also listen to two of the great but receded-from-the-memory-songs of Chitragupt:

Dharati Aaazad Hai Aaasmaan Aazad Hai – Sindbad The Sailor (1952)

Itni Badi Duniya Jahan Itna Bada MelaToofan Mein Pyar Kahaan (1963) – Prem Dhawan

I trust you will always feel free to proffer your suggestions for making this series of posts more lively and informative….

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Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – November, 2017

Welcome to November, 2017 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

Our topic for November, 2017 is Design Thinking.

We had noticed the subject in our previous episode in an article Apply Design Thinking to Quality Practices.

I have exhaustively drawn excerpts from Prem Ranganath’s article The Art of Quality, which states that Design Thinking is an opportunity to humanize quality and continuous improvement.

As may be seen in the above Visual from IDEO as a reference, traditionally quality and continuous improvement initiatives are largely driven by viability and feasibility considerations. Integrating design thinking with improvement initiatives brings the ‘human’ element into focus, by driving conversation on ‘desirability’ of the solutions being proposed for implementation.

This Visual shows the integration of a Design Thinking flow represented by the steps Empathize, Define, Ideate, Prototype and Test with the DMAIC approach for continuous improvement. Integration of design thinking methods adopt a humanized approach to characterizing (challenges and opportunities) current state.

Design Thinking was popularized by David M. Kelley and Tim Brown of IDEO and Roger Martin of the Rotman School. A very good, short video on the topic was recently published by the Harvard Business Review blog . For a more detailed explanation please read the paper, “Design for Action” written by Brown and Martin.

As stipulated by a paper recently published by Creativity At Work, “Design Thinking is a methodology used by designers to solve complex problems, and find desirable solutions for clients. A design mindset is not problem-focused; it is solution focused and action oriented towards creating a preferred future. Design Thinking draws upon logic, imagination, intuition, and systemic reasoning, to explore possibilities of what could be—and to create desired outcomes that benefit the end user (the customer)”.

The three major stages of Design Thinking are:

  1. Observe customer behavior; define unarticulated needs
  2. Ideate, Prototype, experiment and test
  3. Bring the new concept to life; open new markets

What differentiates Design Thinking from traditional Voice of Customer collection approaches is the emphasis placed on observation of behaviors rather than relying on customers’ input to satisfaction surveys.

Michael Sabah has curated several articles on the subject – Design Thinking: Get a Quick Overview of the History; DESIGN THINKING | methods & tools; How Design Thinking will fix Design Thinking; Prototyping in Design Thinking: How to Avoid Six Common Pitfalls

Why is Design a CEO Matter? – Tim Brown – CEO of IDEO – In order to compete today, CEOs need evolutionary skills that will ensure their survival in a fast-changing climate. Business fitness now means learning how to be agile, resilient, and creative. It means adapting to the marketplace in quick generational cycles. That requires a brave new brand of leadership, and from our vantage point, as we work alongside companies young and old from around the globe, it requires being able to think like a designer.

A few videos to better understand the concept:

Design Thinking – Tim Brown, CEO and President of IDEO

‘What Is Design Thinking?’ gives better understanding of what design thinking is all about.

How It Works: Design Thinking – For more information on IBM Design Thinking, please visit: http://www.ibm.com/design

Stages of Design Thinking

Stanford Webinar – Design Thinking = Method, Not Magic – In this webinar Bill Burnett, consulting assistant professor and master in design thinking at Stanford University, as he shares three barriers organizations face when adopting an innovative culture and how to overcome them.

ABC Nightline – IDEO Shopping Cart – In 1999, ABC’s Nightline tried to describe IDEO’s approach by commissioning us to design a better shopping cart, and filmed the entire process. 17+ years later, the video is still shown in classrooms across the globe as a lesson in design thinking and team collaboration.

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up one article The 4 Dos Of Change Management @ the column Effective Management @ Management Matters Network.

  1. Build a business case – Spell out why change is needed.
  2. Communicate the changes systematically – share the right things with the right people at the right time, or there is great risk of inadvertently rev up the rumor mill
  3. Mobilize your employees from the onset – When employees feel involved, they’re more invested in and supportive of the effort—and less likely to offer resistance.
  4. Roll out in phases and celebrate small wins

The reality is that change is happening all around us all the time, leaving us with two choices: embrace it to get ahead of it and manage it proactively, or resist it and let it drag us to our fate.

ASQ CEO, Bill Troy section does not have anything of interest at present.

For the present, we continue with the practice of picking up one article form ASQ.org site: Forward Progress – Looking back at quality’s evolution over the past 50 years and seeing where the movement is headed:

We now watch one of the latest ASQ TV  episodes:

  • EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION USING QUALITY TOOLS – Sam Yankelevitch, CEO, Xpress Lingo Solutions, discusses the importance of using quality tools to improve invisible processes like communication to positively impact our physical processes.

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems for the month of October, 2017:

  • Dissatisfaction : It is easy to look for others to blame for our failures, discontent and dissatisfaction. Maybe that’s part of our human frailty. The alternative is to choose to embrace our failures, fully own them and be responsible for our own dissatisfaction. The result is that our willingness to own it will make it go away.
  • Quality and Lean Partnership must be linked. The purpose of quality has always been to concentrate on the process and identify sources of variation, control or eradicate them, and provide the customer, as much as is possible, product they are willing to purchase. Lean, Six Sigma, or for that matter any tool, must take this role of quality management into consideration.

I look forward to your active participation in enriching the blog carnival as we pursue our journey in exploring the happenings across quality management blogs…………

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – October, 2017

Welcome to October, 2017 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

October, 2017 is the month of Deepawali. So, ‘Let’s Celebrate Diwali!’ at the very beginning of our present blog carnival posts.

We dedicate our October, 2017 episode to Kundan Shah with a selected few obituaries published in memory of his passing away:

Kundan Shah passes away: How the Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro director served anger with bittersweet laughterSita Menon

The one thing that binds all of Kundan Shah’s work is the streak of comedy—of a varied kind | Photo Credit: The Hindu

Kundan Shah (1947-2017): Master of capturing grace in nonsenseNamrata Joshi

So Long Kundan, and Thanks for Inflicting Us With Your Madness and GraceSudhir Mishra

Why Kundan Shah’s Later Works Didn’t Match up to His GeniusSubhash K Jha

And then,

Veteran filmmaker and actor Lekh Tandon dies at 88 – Tandon acted in such films as Swades (2004), Paheli (2005), Rang De Basanti (2006), Chennai Express (2013) and Chaarfutiya Chhokare (2014). Among the films he directed were Amrapali (1966), Dulhan Wahi Jo Piya Man Bhaaye (1977), Agar Tum Na Hote (1983), Doosri Dulhan (1984) and Uttarayan (1985). Tandon also directed television serials Phir Wahi Talaash (1989) and Farmaan (1990).

Here is a retrospective Guftagoo with Lekh Tandon :

We will now take up tribute posts:

Ten of my favourite Roshan songs is a (belated) tribute on birth centenary (14th July, 1917) of the music director.

Best songs of Kishore Kumar 1.0  can easily stand up to great popularity of Rafi or Talat or Mukesh songs in the same period. However, it is KK2.0 that is known more because that is when he became undisputed no. 1.

The alternative Kishore Kumar playlist that is just as good as his most popular songsRudradeep Bhattacharjee – On the brilliant singer’s 30th death anniversary, a reminder of his offbeat tunes.  We have recaptured these pre-1969 songs here:

Woh Meri Taraf Yun Chale Aa Rahe Hain – Kafila (1952) – Husnlal Bhagatram – Vrajendra Gaur

Chup Ho Jaa Amiron Ke Sone Ki Ghadi Hai – Bandi (1957) – Hemant Kumar – Rajinder Krishna

Chand Chup Chaap Hai Sitare Gum Sum – Daal Mein Kala (1964) – C Ramchandra – Bharat Vyas

Akela Hoon Main – Neela Asman (Unreleased)

It’s Mehmood’s birthday! – At his peak, he was paid more than even the film’s hero. Apart from his own disnctive style of acting, his contribution as producer of films, songs fimed on Mehmood has created a very definite space.

MEHMOOD-The Man Who Taught the Nation How to Laugh! – For a brief period in the 1960s, thanks to him, comedy was king. And Mehmood was the uncrowned King of Comedy. A time came, when he was so much “in demand” that producers approached him, offering him full-length comedy films.

How Hema Malini came to be known as Hindi cinema’s ‘Dream Girl’ – Producer and mentor B Ananthaswami came up with the title for her debut film, ‘Sapno Ka Saudagar’. – Ram Kamal Mukherjee – In the authorised biography Hema Malini : Beyond the Dream Girl, the 1970s and ’80s star looks back on her career highs and lows, her relationship with co-star Dharmendra, and her love for classical dance.

Hema Malini Beyond the Dream Girl

The Divas: Hema Malini presents what can be considered as her definitive work on her 69th birthday.

Rekha before Bollywood: A gawky teenager, a Bond girlArchana Nathan – The 63-year-old actor began her career in small yet noticeable roles in Telugu and Kannada films.

Many of Lata Mangeshkar’s best songs by Hemant Kumar have ranked in the all-time greats of Lata’s songs.

50 years of FARZ – This film FARZ released on 6th Oct 1967 gave bolllywood the new star Jeetendra, This movie also gave him that Jumping Jack image, and something that he put to good use in loads of movies at least till Gulzar gave him an image makeover with Parichay (1972).

The October 2017 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs was dedicated to Shakila in Mohammad Rafi songs.

Here are posts on other subjects as well:

The blockbuster combination of Guru Dutt and OP Nayyar in ‘Aar Paar’ – The 1954 classic is packed with chartbusting songs, from ‘Babuji Dheere Chalna’ to ‘Sun Sun Sun Sun Zalima’. – Rudradeep Bhattacharjee – To Mohammed Rafi’s “Sun Sun Sun Sun Zalima”, Geeta Dutt’s retort is “Ja Ja Ja Ja Bewafa. Later in the film, when the lovers have their customary tiff, Sultanpuri inventively reworked the lines Ja Ja Ja Ja Bewafa and fashioned a soulful song out of it. Nayyar and Sebastian have kept things simple, slowing down the tempo of Sun Sun… and using minimal instrumentation whilst letting Geeta Dutt do her thing.

Ek Nazar 1951: A Precursor to SD Burman’s Music Trends –S D Burman had had 6 releases – Baazi, Bahar, Buzdil, Ek Nazar, Naujawan and Sazaa. All musically hits, these six films ensured a total of 46 songs in that year. He was composing with a variety of lyricists – Rajendra Krishna in Bahar, Ek Nazar and Sazaa, Sahir in Baazi, Naujawan and Sazaa, Kaifi Azmi and Shailendra in Buzdil, in the immediate footsteps of Shabnam and Mashaal in the previous years. However, in these half dozen musical offerings this year Ek Nazar, is less remembered. Peeyush Sharma presents a very interesting analysis why for a phenomenon that were a precursor to SDB’s hits that would follow later, styles that would evolve and set precedents and experiments that would become the hallmark of the singers.

Ten of my favourite come-hither songs are the songs sung to a single person, not an audience… inviting love (or lust, or whatever interpretation one might want to put on it)….. I have picked up Haaye Mere Ppaas Toh Aa (Shikar, 1968) from the list, simply because it has so young and charming Sanjeev Kapoor being seduced by none other than Helen.

‘Chale Aao’ Songs are the songs that has Chale Aao(come at once or just ‘come back‘) as per the situation in the song) in at least initial lines of the mukhada. For one song, those are the last words of the mukhada. Not surprisingly, the list has only one male solo!

My Favourites: Songs of Regret – Hindsight being perfect, we often dissect our past in the hope that we can find answers to that most frustrating of questions – ‘What if?’. Hindi films have a song to fit the occasion.

Karva Chauth In Hindi Cinema – Normally Ham Dil De Chuke Sanam is credited with giving a decorated prominence to Karav Chauth. But there was a fullfledged song, way back, in Bahu Beti 1965 – Aaj Hai Karwa Chauth Sakhi – Asha Bhosle – Ravi – Sahir Ludhyanvi

In 1994 film Chand Ka Tukda a song was picturised in Gujarati style.

In our series Micro View of Best Songs 1948 @SoY of Best songs of 1948: And the winners are?, we continued with the posts on Female Solo Songs by concluding the   first part and the second part  of the solo songs of Geeta Dutt with the third part.  We took up solo songs of Shamshad Begum with part one, two, three and the concluding fourth one. We ended the month with solo songs of Raajkumari. SoY has already published Best songs of 1948: Wrap Up 2 covering the female solos and adjudged Lata Mangeshkar and Shamshad Begum as the joint winners.

We will begin the end of the present post with a post on Mohammed Rafi with legacy of composer Roshan.

We will also listen to two of the great but receded-from-the-memory-songs:

Aise To Na Dekho Ke Bahak Jaye Kahin Hum, Aakhir Koik Insaan Hai Farishta Nahi Hum – Bheegi Raat (1965) – with Suman Kalyanpur – Lyrics: Majrooh Sultanpuri

The song to end the today’s blog-post is one of the most-unlikely Roshan compositions:

Sun Ae Mahjabeen Mujhe Tujhse Ishq Nahin | Dooj Ka Chand (1964) – Lyrics: Sahir Ludhyanavi

I trust you will always feel free to proffer your suggestions for making this series of posts more lively and informative….

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – August, 2017

Welcome to August, 2017 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

We have three posts for our present episode that befit the season:

Beyond ‘Maa Tujhe Salaam’, the film songs that dare to step out of line when things go off-key – Rather than pop patriotism tunes, it’s the songs about dissent and debate that resonate as India turns 70 – Rineeta Naik recalls the anti-nationals in Hindi films who stepped out of line and reminded us of the times when things went off-key… The songs presented here convey a poet’s despair over social and moral decay, the agony of a man unfairly marked as a traitor, and the exuberant cynicism of city-dwellers who discovered that “sone ki chidiya” rhymes nicely with malaria.

Celebrate the monsoon with this performance of raag Mia ki Malhar by Amir Khan – Malhar raags are prescribed for the rainy season. – Aneesh Pradhan – Amir Khan’s presentation of Mia ki Malhar, a raag considered to have been created by the 16th-century vocalist and composer Mia Tansen, has always been considered by musicians and aficionados as one of the most iconic interpretations of the raag. The recording featured here was made for the All India Radio National Programme of Music in 1958, but it continues to haunt listeners to this day.

Rainy Days has captured songs picturised in the rain, let it be for a part of the song or the entire length, from drizzle to showers! The song may not be about the rain itself.

We will first take up the posts on Meena Kumari in our regular anniversaries or eulogies posts:

Meena Kumari: An enigma – DP Rangan pays a very touching and vivid tribute to Meena Kumari on her 85th birth anniversary (1 August 1932 – 31 March 1972).

Gaddeswaroop’s Blog has added two songs in Meena Kumari singing for herself in 1947

Ankhiyan Taras Rahin Un Bin – Piya Ghar Aaja (1947) – Bulo C Rani – Pt. Indra

Sawan Beet Gayo Mai Ri – Duniya Ek Sarai (1947) – Hansraj Behl – Kidar Sharma

We also take a look at the life of Meena Kumari in Meena Kumari Biography by Javed Akhtar. The Enigma Called Tragedy Queen Meena Kumari Part 1 ǁ Part 2 ǁ Part 3; Virasat – Meena Kumari Part 1 of 2 ǁ Part 2 of 2 and the 20 Rare Pictures of Meena Kumarisupplement good deal of interesting aspects on the subject

We have chosen to take a Retrospective look to revisit:

No One Quite Like Her –  The Inimitable Meena Kumari’ – “Good looks, great talent and unhappiness. Perhaps no other star combined all three in such a heady brew as Meena Kumari did.” Sathya Saran writes about how the iconic actress carved out an inimitable niche for herself, had held sway over her audiences for two decades and continues to fascinate her fans to this day….. Nothing added as much to the legend of Meena Kumari as her liviing of it. For many it seemed the natural culmination to a life of suffering. To be abandoned and exploited, and left without money after earning  sums that were beyond the reach of lesser stars, and die sick in heart and body is a tale that cannot fail to touch anyone who hears it.

The Legend That Was Meena Kumari in which Antara Nanda Mondal poignantly notes that pain and anguish was part of her life and she brought them to the fore in her performances that became iconic.

At a film premiere – Talat Mahmood with Meena Kumari, Usha Kiran, music director Madan Mohan and other guests

Meena Kumari – Interview (1952). This is an interview when Meena Kumari was on the verge completing two significant and much talked-about films, “Footpath” and “Baiju Bawra”, in which she had played the feminine lead.

Remembering singer Parul Ghosh, one of Hindi cinema’s quietest trailblazers – Wife of an illustrious husband, sister of a famous brother, Parul Ghosh made indelible contributions to music. Rudradeep Bhattacharjee pays tribute on her fortieth death anniversary.

All these years later, nobody exudes flamboyance like Shammi Kapoor – On the Hindi film star’s death anniversary, a reminder of his irresistible exuberance. Akshay Manwani states that In his book on dancing star and rebel hero, Shammi Kapoor: The Game Changer, journalist and film critic Rauf Ahmed gives readers a view of Kapoor’s ascent into stardom.

70mm Man: C Mohan, who designed the logo for ‘Sholay’ and other classics – Ramesh Sippy’s landmark film was released this week 42 years ago. Its designer was one of the leading exponents of Bollywoood Expressionism.

And Happy Birthday to Another Big Reason I Got Drawn Into Hindi Films, that of Vyjayanthimala, who just happens to be celebrating her birthday as this post was in the writing. There is one more post on Vaijayantimala’s birthday – Seven Dances for Vyjayanthimala’s Birthday  – posted seven years ago. This post has video clips of some of her lesser known dance songs,

Of the Ten of my favourite Mumtaz songs, presented in celebration of the 70th birthday on 31sy July, I have picked up O matwaare saajna chhalak gaya mera pyaar (Faulad, 1963) as my own offering to the celebration.

The August 2017 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs was dedicated to Shailendra and “Other” Music Directors

Here are posts on other subjects as well:

The first duo Husnlal-Bhagatram (2): Their songs for ‘other’ singers’ is a follow up post to The first duo Husnlal-Bhagatram (1): Their songs for Suraiya, Lata Mangeshkar and Rafi, SoY recounts the memorable meeting with 90-year-old Nirmala Devi, wife of Pt. Husnlal.

Gulzar’s 1988 movie ‘Libaas’ to be finally released later this year -Zee Classic and Amul Mohan, the son of the producer Vikas Mohan, will release the film.

Subodh Agrwal has taken up a very difficult subject of Asymmetric Duets. He has further tightened the rules by taking up the duets in which the rhythm and the tune do diverge and yet complement each other too. SoY readers have chipped in a very large number of such interesting songs.

In our series Micro View of Best Songs 1948 @SoY of Best songs of 1948: And the winners are?, we have conclude the sub-series of Male Solo Songs with My Top Male Solo Songs and commenced the series of posts on Female Solo Songs with 21-solo-songs of Suraiya, following up with the first part and second part  of the solo songs of Geeta Dutt.

We will end the present post with a chance Mohammad Rafi song that an e-mail from my friend Samir Dholakia presented me.

De De Mori Mundari – Sat Saaliyaan (Punjabi) 1964 – S.Madan- Naqsh Lyallpuri – Mohd.Rafi

Note: In the song @4.28 a reference to other well-known songs – Akhiyan Sakhi Akhiyan Lagi and Ek Chatur Naar- is made as a parody

The song merited some more searches that led to a full-fledged parody song as well from the same film:

Bahut Shukriya Badi Meharbaani

Not to be satisfied now, I search more, and get two beautiful duets with Suman Kalyanpur:

Sohniye Tu Na Modi Munh

Kehdi Gallon Russiyan Ne

and a signature Rafi song

Sat Saaliyaan – Oye Sohna Jeha Mukhda

BTW, the music director S Madan is known to us for his far more famous and melodious duet with Asha Bhosle:

Ye Raat Ye Fizaain Phir Aain Naa Aaye – Batwara –Majrooh Sultanpuri

Batwara too had one signature Rafi song:

Yeh Kaisi Deewar Hai Duniya 

I trust you will always feel free to proffer your suggestions for making this series of posts more lively and informative….

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – August, 2017

Welcome to August, 2017 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

Our topic for the August 2017 is Quality of Translations. The trigger for taking up this topic, in our present issue, for a brief overview, was an email from Mr. Ravi Kumar, the founder of Hindi Center  /Modlingua Learning Pvt. Ltd.. However, we will deal with that a little later.

First the basics:

Quality of translation : The term quality of translation is used to refer to the desirability of properties or characteristics of a translated text or content.

“In manufacturing quality is the concept of making products fit for a purpose and with fewest defects. Many different techniques and concepts have been tried to minimize defects in production, including Zero Defects, Six Sigma, and the House of Quality.”

Thus, in the translation process quality would be the concept of making the target text (the translated text) fit for a purpose and with the fewest errors (in terms of sense, grammar, orthography, style, omissions, etc.)

What is a “quality” translation? : The quality of translation has two constructs: In one sense, quality refers to whether the translation is acceptable. In another sense, there are different quality levels that could be needed for a given translation.

‘What is the quality of a translation?’ is the Lecture by Anthony Pym at the University of Vienna, April 13, 2015, as part of a course on academic Translation Studies.

And then a few pointers to the Quality of Translation:

10-Step Quality Assurance Process: All translation projects undergo a multi-layered process of checks and reviews in order to ensure the highest degree of quality. Presented here is a 10-Step Quality Assurance process that enables delivery of spot-on translations and the highest quality output.

10 crucial ways to ensure high quality translations has shared 10 blog posts that have given numerous tips and professional advice on how to implement and monitor processes to ensure you get high quality translations.

Ten Common Myths About Translation Quality that can actually do more harm than good.

Measuring Translation Quality: Constraints, Challenges and Solutions: Without clear goals and a repeatable, objective and accurate methodology, quality can be hard to measure, especially in the localization industry. From lack of knowledge to outside factors to subjective reviews, there are many reasons quality is hard to measure. In a webinar called “A Practical Approach to Measuring Translation Quality”, David Sommer discusses challenges with measuring quality and potential solutions.

That brings us to the core of e-mail message from Mr. Ravi Kumar:

Translation-quality standards: Like any supplier of goods or services, a translator potentially bears ethical and legal obligations toward his patron or employer. This has turned to be of enormous importance with the development of the language industry at global scale. For the protection of both parties, standards have been developed that seek to spell out their mutual duties.

In the e-mail referred to at the beginning of the article, Mr. Ravi Kumar informed me that Modlingua has recently released these videos on the subject of Translation-Quality standards:

Quality Standards and Translation:

Seven Quality Standards one must know:

As can be expected, these videos provide the strong ground work for following up the more structured approach the task of translations (services).

Moreover, Modlingua has also presented a project management perspective to the translation services:

Fundamentals of Project Management:

Project Management in Translation Business:

We can look forward to more such videos to be uploaded on language, translation and culture @ YT channel Modilingua.

Mr. Ravi Kumar, himself a language-translation entrepreneur, has presented The Translator as Entrepreneur: An Indian Perspective . –  This paper deals with Translators as entrepreneurs who are slowly getting aware of their profession and have begun coming to a common platform to share knowledge, experience and resources – a most desired step necessary for the better future of the profession. Further, this paper proposes “networking” as a possible solution to entrepreneurs who can economize their process and speed up their growth by using available resources and infrastructure without having to invest huge resources.

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up two articles @ the column The Drucker Today @ Management Matters Network.

3 Questions Drucker Would Ask You And Your Management Team

  • What is our business? – The Mission
  • What will our business be? – The changing environment that we are certain about
  • What should our business be?” – The Vision

Dr. Robert Swaim also goes into more detail on the concepts discussed in this article in chapters 2 and 3 of his book The Strategic Drucker.

Notes From A Drucker Lecture: Six Questions Every Manager Must Ask To Empower Their Team

  1. The performance of your people.
  2. Taking responsibility for your relationship with others.
  3. Establishing and maintaining your relationship with others.
  4. Accountability for results.
  5. Relationship with your manager.
  6. Assignment control and staffing.

When you have completed this analysis, you may want to ask yourself one more question: When I leave this organization, what will be different because I was there?

From Ask The Experts, I have picked up a question that relates to how much (of process details / documentation) is enough so as not to jeopardize the ISO certification. The answer is demonstration of objective evidence for the process being implemented ‘under controlled condition’ (Clause 8.5.1 of ISO 9001:2015)

We do not have anything of note in the  ASQ CEO, Bill Troy at present. In the last issue we had proposed to take up the detailed view of Industry 4.0. I submit that we carry forward that proposal for the next month’s episode.

We now watch one of the latest ASQ TV  episodes:

  • Customer Journey Maps: Tool and Example – Lisa Custer, Firefly Consulting, discusses how to create a customer journey map, how it becomes more than a robust voice of the customer tool, and provides a real-world example of a customer journey map in action.

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems for the month of July, 2017:

  • The Role of Specification Limits – They are primarily for interactions with customers and management – Many people, from engineers to managers to quality professionals to technicians, possess limited understanding of product and process (manufacturing) limits. The third types of limits are: disposition limits… The specification limits are defines as – The general definition is limits within which a product would be expected to perform its stated and intended function for customer use. Specification limits, therefore, are related to product design. They should be set in the product design phase and effectively fixed for manufacture.. The specification limits may not play a direct role in process control limits within the manufacturing environment, but they do facilitate determination of useful product disposition limits. Additionally, they can even play a role in determining required sensitivity levels in setting process control limits.. Furthermore, specification limits are primarily for interactions with customers and management. Also, they are very useful in the calculation of Process Capability Index (Cpk) statistics.

I look forward to your active participation in enriching the blog carnival as we pursue our journey in exploring the happenings across quality management blogs…………

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs – July,2017

Welcome to July, 2017 edition of Carnival of Quality Management Articles and Blogs.

While searching for the articles of general interest on the topic of quality, I came up on:

The Single Biggest Problem in Communication…… Is the illusion that it has taken place quotes Gwendolyn Galsworth while pinpointing one complaint—the one problem—that nearly every company puts at (or very near) the top of its list of challenges…We … understand that part of the power in an empowered workforce was the parity created when information is reliably and repeatedly shared. When that information is made visual by design, it becomes a tangible and indispensable part of the business model…Visuality is about meaning and understanding, not simply seeing. A visual workplace embeds meaning into the dynamic landscape of work.

Visuality, as a concept, was new to me. Si I probed further and came up with:

Simplifying complex management structures to foster better working relationships – The Mobiliteit & Openbare werken (MOW) (Mobility and Public Works) department of the Flemish government in Belgium aims to support policy makers, agencies, and civil society with their expertise. MOW was looking for a way to internally show their employees how they fit into the organization’s complex overall management structure. After a couple of initial iterations aimed at getting to the core of the narrative, what came up as the end product was this:

And then I could link the word ‘visual’ with the process of continual improvement:

How Data Visualization Benefits Your Continuous Improvement CultureHenrik KjærulffIn a continuous improvement culture we expect people to base their decisions upon data – especially when it comes to problem solving….When we give everyone on the shop floor easy access to data, we’ll support a constant focus on a data-driven approach to problem solving and make it easy for people to make decisions based on data. Visualized data is easy to interpret into information.

That gave me an opportunity to brush up the memory:

11 Rapid Continuous Improvement Tools ExplainedGreg Jacobson – Please read the article for more detailed information on each tool and dive deep into one that suits your requirements.

We will now turn to our regular sections:

For the present episode we have picked up the article – The Secret to Building an Opportunity-Focused Organization @ the column The Drucker Perspective @ Management Matters Network. It’s an enduring truth: A successful organization is opportunity-focused, not problem-focused…Resources, to produce results, must be allocated to opportunities rather than problems. This is one of Peter F. Drucker’s most important principles for sustained success:

“An organization will have a high spirit of performance if it is consistently directed toward opportunity rather than toward problems. It will have the thrill of excitement…Of course, problems cannot be neglected. But the problem-focused organization is an organization on the defensive. It is an organization that feels it has performed well if things do not get worse….A management that wants to create and maintain the spirit of achievement therefore stresses opportunity. But it will also demand that opportunities be converted into results.”

From Ask The Experts, I have picked up a question –“Shall Be Determined” in 9001”. The reply states that According to the Oxford Dictionary:  Determine means to “Ascertain or establish exactly be research or calculation”, Merriam Webster has a similar definition:  “to find out about or come to a conclusion about by investigation, reasoning, or calculation…There does not need to be a procedure about how things are determined.  The output, or the determination itself, will serve as evidence that you did it. .. For example, if you are a hospital, and you “determine” that surgeons do not need to wash their hands, you should be subject to a non-conformance for getting that wrong.

In our ASQ CEO, Bill Troy column this time there is a topic – As Industry 4.0 continues to evolve, what can quality professionals do to ensure they will be an integral asset throughout this industrial revolution? – that we need to take up for a more –in-depth view (in our next month’s episode)

We now watch the latest ASQ TV  episodes:

  • BenchmarkingWe learn the basics of benchmarking, review the recommended six phases of a successful benchmarking process, and finally, we get reacquainted with one vital ingredient in benchmarking: metrics
  • Quality Tools—Seven Old and Seven New: Get acquainted or reacquainted with the old and the new—quality tools, that is.

“Building From the Basics”, QP, 2009
“The Quality Toolbox, Second Edition”, Nancy R. Tague, 2005
“Beyond the Basics”, QP, 2012
The 7 Basic Quality Tools for Process Improvement
Seven New Management and Planning Tools

Jim L. Smith’s Jim’s Gems for the month of June, 2017:

  • Empowering Teams : Teams have changed how business is conducted in the workplace – Teams are constructed entities designed to achieve some desired outcome. A team that is empowered is nurtured by a supporting culture in which the organization’s vision, mission and corporate values are substantive and sustainable. An empowered team, therefore, has the necessary information, skills and authority to make decisions that ratchet up performance and drive results. Additionally, how well a team functions depends largely on how well it is structured, the interpersonal relationships and the quality of team leadership. There are five elements required for high performance.
    • Clear strategy
    • Well-understood operational goals
    • Clear and agreed upon roles and responsibilities
    • Transparent and honest business relationships
    • Protocols of decision-making are established

Creating truly empowered teams is a process that cannot be done quickly.. If your organization is not on this path, your competition is set to outpace your efforts.

  • Move Forward – It’s up to you so choose now to make progress by moving forward in order to allow positive momentum to take hold. There’s absolute certainty that it’s within your grasp to feel the wonderment of being the creative person you can be. I believe it was the late Art Linkletter, author and television personality, who said “the rest of your life could be the best of your life.” All you have to do is make the effort to move forward to make it happen.
  • This Day – Even by itself, this day is filled with huge value. But…in addition, this day also gives you the opportunity to prepare for the days, weeks, months and years which follow…Therefore, living this day with purpose, gratitude and integrity will provide you with a double reward. In addition to making this day the most fulfilling it can be in this very moment in time, you are also preparing yourself for all the time that follows.

I look forward to your active participation in enriching the blog carnival as we pursue our journey in exploring the happenings across quality management blogs…………

Note: The images depicted here above are through courtesy of respective websites who have the copyrights for the respective images.

Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music – June, 2017

Welcome to June, 2017 edition of Carnival of Blogs on Golden Era of Hindi Film Music.

It is a great pleasure to open the curtains of June 2017 post of blog carnival series with Songs of Yore completes seven years that presents what has by now been a well-established tradition of presenting some quite unusual songs and songs of some unique personality form the world of music on the occasion of celebration of the birth anniversary of this blog. Master Madan is the case in point this year.

We will now take up the posts on the anniversaries or eulogies:

‘Not very beautiful but vivacious’: How Nargis was cast in her breakthrough movie ‘Taqdeer’Kishwar Desai –  June 1 marks the birth anniversary of Nargis, one of Indian cinema’s greatest actresses. Nargis had appeared in a few films in small roles before Taqdeer, which was directed by Mehboob Khan. She was 14 at the time, and was paired with Motilal.

The Spontaneity of Nutan That Rose Above ‘Acting’Antara Nanda Mondal pays a tribute to the legendary actress Nutan with a brief journey through some of her immortal songs – in which she essayed an amazing variety of roles. Her spontaneity and versatility made her rise above the accepted norms of ‘acting’ in mainstream cinema.

Nutan speaks about Bimal Roy is recently added by the Youtube channel WildfilmsIndia which features many videos of a geographical, historical and cultural nature.

KA Abbas, ‘biggest bulk buyer of tickets’ of his own films and eternal dreamerJuhi Saklani– The medium was always the message for Khwaja Ahmed Abbas (June 7, 1914-June 1, 1987), the celebrated writer, filmmaker and columnist.

Chaar Rahein – K A Abbas at the junction between tradition and progress – is one of the most structurally interesting Hindi films of its time, with separate stories coming together through the device of the crossroads and the personal journeys of the characters passing it. Two years earlier, Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s debut film Musafir had used a house and its landlord to link three discrete narratives. If the “makaan” in that film represents a society made up of many types of people, Char Dil Char Rahein is about the tradition-modernity conflict facing a nation; it is, literally and otherwise, set at the intersection between old roads and a new one.

Sajjad Hussain, the composer whose music has endured ‘with a tenacity that defies reason’Rudradeep Bhattacharjee – June 15 marks the birth centenary of the multi-instrumentalist and legendary composer of the movies ‘Sangdil’ and ‘Rustam Sohrab’. …Hussain’s work in the film, a historical titled Daiwayogaya (1959) (a Sinhala film), has largely escaped our attention. This, among other things, means that most of us have been bereft of the pleasure of listening to the spellbinding Adarayai Karunawai.

Sudhir, in his tribute post on Atul’s Songs a Day remembers Sajjad Hussain  thru’  Chali Pawan Purvaai, Chali Pawan (Dharam, 1945; Singers – Naseem Banu, Ratanbai).

Gaddeswarup Blog adds Sajjad Hussain: A biography and his perhaps most popular song…

Ye Hawa Ye Chandani Teri Ek Nazar Ka Khumar Hai – Sangdil (1952) – Talat Mahmood

The June 2017 episode of Fading Memories, Unforgettable Songs was dedicated to V Balsara, known probably more for his mastery in playing different musical instruments.

Here are posts on other subjects as well:

Documentary retraces the journey of the woman from Faizabad who became Begum AkhtarNandini Ramnath – Nirmal Chander’s visually sumptuous (documentary) ‘Zikr Us Parivash Ka’ is a cradle-to-grave account of one of India’s most celebrated classical music artist.

Two snake dances from S.D. Burmam and one from Naushad

O Pardesiya..Pyar Ki Bahar Leke, Dil Ka Qarar Leke… – Bahar (1951) – Shamshad Begum – S D Burman

Serpent Dance – Guide (1965) – S D Burman

Snake Dance – Dastan (1950) – Naushad

Film Songs Based on Classical Ragas (12) – A morning with Asavari/Jaunpuri in which the guest author Subodh Agrawal decodes the similar ragas Asavari, Jaunpuri and Dev Gandhar with his characteristic clarity.

‘Roop Tera Mastana’ simply refuses to grow oldArun Fulara  – ‘Aradhana’ director Shakti Samanta filmed the song in a single audacious take.

My Favourites: Memorable Scenes From Hindi Films, depicting many moods; scenes that, if you tell the name of the film, are the ones one will immediately recollect.

Before ‘Tubelight’, ‘Dr Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani’ dreamt of Hindi-Chini bhai bhaiNandini Ramnath – V Shantaram’s 1946 movie retraces the journey of Indian doctor Dwarkanath Kotnis from Sholapur to the Chinese battlefield.

Homes and Houses: Ten songs Hindi cinema has done ample justice to the concept of ‘home’ and ‘house’, from songs like Ek bangla bane nyaara to films like Dastak, Biwi aur MakaanHamaara Ghar, Gharaunda and Tere Ghar ke Saamne. The author has picked pre-1970 songs of Homes that are envisioned, homes that are hoped for, homes that light up with joy because of the coming of a festival or the arrival of a loved one, homes destroyed. Here are a couple picks form the list:

Cycle trails of BollywoodAfter taking us through horses, tongas and steam engine, DP Rangan now logically takes us on a joy-ride of cycle songs. Along the way, he also writes a dissertation on its history.

Nain se nain from generation to generation

Ustad Fateh Ali Khan of Patiala – Raag Darbari

Raag Darbari fusion with rock music – composed by his nephews Wali hamid ali khan & Kamran Akhtar

Shah Rukh Khan’s Doodle Among Stunning Rare Film Collectibles, Stills, Artwork in Osian’s Auction –  Antara Nanda Mondal– Among the rare collectibles in the auction are a bunch of original artworks by renowned filmmakers Satyajit Ray and Mani Kaul. Besides there are original publicity-material art for Andaz (1949), Anari (1959), Guide (1965), Deewaar (1975) and others. A huge collection of rare posters, showcards, lobby cards, photographic stills from the golden 1950’s period to the era of Amitabh Bachchan to the current trinity of Salman, Shah Rukh and Aamir Khan go under the hammer at the prestigious auction on 22 June, 2017.

SIKENDER. 1941 starring Prithviraj Kapoor in title role
Sepia toned Photographic Stills Mounted on Lobby Cards, probably used for early re-release publicity ({Pic: Osians)

In our series Micro View of Best Songs 1948 @SoY, we have commenced the detailed posts on Male Solo songs with those of Mohammad Rafi and Mukesh.

To end the today’s post with an article on Mohammed Rafi, I have zeroed upon an old post – Seven of My Favorite Rafi Songs– from Dances on Footpath. The author also has noted that these seven songs are not appreciated as Rafi songs go. Well, of the seven songs mentioned therein YT link 4 links have become dysfunctional. At least two songs do certainly would not be qualified as “unappreciated” So here are just two songs that stand out:

Nazron Ke Teera Maare Kas Kas – Do Ustaad (1959) – with Asha Bhosle – O P Nayyar – Qamar Jalalabadi

My Dearo Dearo Mummy Nahin – Nagina (1951) – with Shmashad Begum – Shanker Jaikishan

I trust you will always feel free to proffer your suggestions for making this series of posts more lively and informative….